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PC 1640.E2T°""""'""*^'-"'"^ 

mummamm ^"9''sh dictionary, with 

3 1924 019 173 982 

The original of tliis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 


Italian and English Dictionary 



ReemU professor of Romance Languages in the University of Nebraska ; member of the Nobel fnstitui 

of the Swedish Academy in Stockholm ; autuor of various works on Romance, 

Germanic, and Indo-European Philology, etc. 



University of Rome 


Instructor, University of Nebraska 


Copyright, igoi, 



Copyright, 1929, 


September, 1937 


It is the aim of this work to meet the long-felt need of an 
Italian and English dictionary, based on the foremost recent 
authorities, and embodying a copious selection of modern words, as 
well as important obsolete ones, presented in a practical and yet 
etymological form. 

The main features of the work are explained below. 


The chief authority followed has been Petrocchi's Novo 
dizionario scolastico. But at its side have been consulted especially 
Petrocchi's Dizionario universale della lingua italiana, Rigutini- 
Fanfani's Vbcaholario italiano, Zambaldi's Vbcabolario etimo- 
logico italiano, and Baretti's, Millhouse's, and James-Grassi's well- 
known dictionaries. 

The vocabulary embodies a considerably larger number of 
Italian words than ordinary dictionaries of a similar size, and many 
more than Rigutini-Fanfani's large Italian dictionary. Almost 
every modern word contained in Petrocchi's ' scholastic ' dictionary 
is quoted, and also a large number of rare or obsolete words, 
especially such as are indispensable in reading. Italian classics. 
These are mainly from Petrocchi's ' lingua fuori d' uso,' and are 
marked with a dagger (f). It should be noted here, however, that 
the obsolete abstracts in -tate, -tade, and -tute, -fude, as identical 
with the modern in -td and -tit, have been consistently omitted as 
unnecessary repetitions. 

Irregular forms of inflection are noted with their words, and 
also largely as titles in their alphabetical order. The full conjuga- 
tion of each simple irregular verb is given below the verb, and the 
conjugation of their compounds by proper reference, either directly 
or by pointing out the composition. 

Idiomatic phrases are usually given only when not self- 
explanatory ; and, on the whole, space for idioms has been econo- 
mized in favor of a large vocabulary. 

Copyright, igoi, 



Copyright, 1929, 


September, 1937 


It is the aim of this work to meet the long-felt need of an 
Italian and English dictionary, based on the foremost recent 
authorities, and embodying a copious selection of modern words, as 
well as important obsolete ones, presented in a practical and yet 
etymological form. 

The main features of the work are explained below. 


The chief authority followed has been Petrocchi's N'ovo 
dizionario scolastico. But at its side have been consulted especially 
Petrocchi's Dizionario universale della lingua italiana, Rigutini- 
Panfani's Vbcabolario italiano, Zambaldi's Vocabolario etimo- 
logico italiano, and Baretti's, Millhouse's, and James-Grassi's well- 
known dictionaries. 

The vocabulary embodies a considerably larger number of 
Italian words than ordinary dictionaries of a similar size, and many 
more than Rigutini-Fanfani's large Italian dictionary. Almost 
every modern word contained in Petrocchi's ' scholastic ' dictionary 
is quoted, and also a large number of rare or obsolete words, 
especially such as are indispensable in reading. Italian classics. 
These are mainly from Petrocchi's ' lingua fuori d' uso,' and are 
marked with a dagger (f). It should be noted here, however, that 
the obsolete abstracts in -tate, -tade, and -tute, -tude, as identical 
with the modern in -td, and -tH, have been consistently omitted as 
unnecessary repetitions. 

Irregular forms of inflection are noted with their words, and 
also largely as titles in their alphabetical order. The full conjuga- 
tion of each simple irregular verb is given below the verb, and the 
conjugation of their compounds by proper reference, either directly 
or by pointing out the composition. 

Idiomatic phrases are usually given only when not self- 
explanatory ; and, on the whole, space for idioms has been econo- 
mized in favor of a large vocabulary. 



The pronunciation is marked principally by subscript signs 
(as explained p. vi), such a method being the most direct, unequiv- 
ocal, and free from confusion. 

Etymologically related words are grouped together, observing 
the requirements of convenience and absolute alphabetical sequence. 
Such grouping will serve the threefold purpose of both etymological 
and mnemonic association, of space-saving, and of facilitating the 
search for words, by enabling the student to pass easily from one 
group to another. 

The division of the group-words is made chiefly with reference 
to Italian spelling and pronunciation, and to space-saving. This is 
done with some disregard of etymological division, which could not 
be consistently carried out. 

The words are not grouped with reference to immediate deriva- 
tion from each other, which would have necessitated very numerous 
groups, but simply with reference to near relationship of some kind. 
Hence the etymological word of the group is not necessarily the 
actual source-word from which the others are derived, though it 
may be so, and, as a rule, comes nearer to it than the others. 

The derivation of current Italian words, when known, is 
briefly denoted in brackets after each word occurring singly, or 
after that word in the group which comes nearest the etymological 
source. This latter word is divided by a heavy hyphen ( - ), or, in 
case of compounds, by double heavy hyphens ( = ) ; and, besides, if 
not found first in the group, preceded, for ease of reference, by 
double bars ( || ). Other words are divided by slight single or (for 
compounds) double hyphens ( -, or =). These conventional division- 
marks can cause no confusion, as Italian ordinarily uses no hyphens 
at all. 

When the derivation of a word is unknown or questionable, 
this is denoted by an interrogation-mark above or before the sug- 
gested etymology. Suggestions are purposely rare. Besides the 
more immediate source of the Italian word, sometimes a remoter 
source is also indicated in parenthesis, especially when this may 
help to explain the present meaning, or to suggest a familiar form. 
To aid non-classical students, the meaning of source-words, when 
differing from the immediate sense of the Italian word, is given. 
For the same reason Greek words are transliterated. For rare and 
obsolete woids (those marked f) no etymologies are given, except 
for special reasons, as when they underlie current forms. 


English cognates, from whatever source, when not evident at 
first sight, are in small capitals, but only once, and under the Italian 
head-word, provided the English cognate occurs there, and in a form 
also sufficiently suggestive for derivative words. 


though more immediately based on previous works of a similar 
scope and purpose, yet, like the Italian-English part, has indications 
of pronunciation (cf. page iv), and etymological connections (by 
grouping). Light hyphens (-) are here conventional, while the 
heavy ( - ) stand for English hyphens between the members of a 
composite word. The requirements of the varied utterance and 
accentuation of English words have here necessitated a less rigorous 
grouping of kindred words than in the Italian-English part ; and, 
as the source of the Germanic elements of English is unfamiliar to 
the ordinary student, no etymologies (except as suggested by the 
grouping and by the frequent Italian cognates) are attempted. 

Also here a large number of obsolete words (marked f) are 
given as an aid to the Italian student of English classics. 

Dr. Giuseppe Bico has assisted me in revising the manuscript 
of the entire Italian-English part, and my pupil, Mr. J. L. Gerig, by 
much secretarial work, as well as aid in reading the proofs. 

It is in the hope that this dictionary, though imperfect, may 
contribute its share to a scholarly study of a language whose liter- 
ary treasures, besides their intrinsic value, have had so great an 
influence on the shaping of English literature, that it is now sub- 
mitted to the public. 

Hjalmab Edgken. 

Lincoln, Nbb., May 1901. 



16^" To know Italian sounds well, a correct pronunciation of the examples in the 
lists below will be of service. 

1. Accent-marks. Though usage varies, Italian is ordinarily written without any 
other accent-sign than the grave (' ) for accented final vowels (whether pronounced 
close or open). Accent-signs on other vowels are therefore conventional in this work, 
to mark the accented vowel, and, in part, its pronunciation. 

2. The Italian accent is less energetic than the English, and all syllables are 
uttered more evenly. 

3. Silent letters are in italics (e.g., i in agio, g in le^rno). 


4. Italian vowels are uttered with a clear, full sound, and rarely dimmed like the 
English unaccented vowels. 

5. An accent-vowel is ordinarily long before another vowel, or one consonant, or a 
mute + r,l ; otherwise short. Unaccented vowels are short. 

6. List of the vowels with pronunciation signs : — 


a a = a in ask (Webster) ; § 5 : ama ; palla 

e e = e " bey (without vanish : French I) ; § 5 : mene ; detto 

6 = e " met; § 5: tema; terra 

i i = i "police; §5: • . . . . vidij illico 

6 o = " no (without vanish) ; § 5 : . loro ; sotto 

6 =o" orb; §5: dro; porto 

u w = It " rue; §5: nno; nsurpo 

y = Ital. i before vowel (cf. below) : yard 

TO-wol-componnds ; each vowel has its own sound, though un- 
accented i, u are lightly uttered : . . . . leone ; fiore ; ca6re 


7. Consonants omitted below are pronounced as in English (unless in italics, § 3) 
observing that d, t are dental (formed near the base of the upper teeth) ; and that in 
uttering double consonants the tongue-contact is protracted (as if to allow for two 
consonants) before it is broken. 

8. List of consonants with their pronunciation signs : — 
k: . . . 

o = 

■e ^ cA in chest: 
S = gmgo: . 
g = Bngl.j: . 
i = Vy: . . 

ffli, tigUo 
leg-no (len'yo) 

a = s m so: . . 
s = s in rose (z) : 
s = sA in shall : . 
z^ ts: . . . . 
z = Eng. dz: . . 

r, dental and trilled (sharply as initial or after consonant) : 



rosa, sbarra 
scelta, oascia 
zero, manzo 

parola, ricco, padre 



B^^ Per conoscere bene i suonl Inglesl bisogna imparare la pronunzia corretta 
degli esempi inglesl nelle liste aottostanti. 

1. I segni di pronunzia dalle vocali accentate sono messi sopra le vocali ; gli altri 
segni (- di « e th ecoettuato) sotto le lettere ; accumulate. 

2. Le lettere corsive (come e di accumulate) sono mute : able, fatten, 
Hiough (ugh mute). 


3. Le vocali non accentate con un segno sottoscritto si pronunziano come le vocali 
accentate collo stesso segno, benche meno distintamente (ed q., q, g senza sdrucciola- 

4. Le vocali senza segni si pronunziano come le vocali col segno breve (a, o, ecc. 
= a, e, ecc.)) bencbd meno distintamente. 

5. L' accento inglese e discendente e pil energico dell' accento italiano. 

6. La pronunzia delle parole ripetute non S indicata, fuorche per ragioni specialL 

7. Vocali coi loro segni oonvenzionali : — 


a = a del ital. la: dance 

a a = a, pid piatta : at ; attest 

a a := a, pid guttur. e lungo : h&rmony ; harmonious 

i 9 = fra aedo: £11 ; ^Xiiiough 

a a ^6: was ; qualification 

a a (e)^ e chiusa, sdrucciol. in i (e"^) : . . . . fate ; emanate, senate 

a a ^e: care ;' welfare 

a ^e: again 

a ^ e, pi& indistinto : templar 

e e = e aperto in del: met ; con«ept 

e e = e, ma lungo : . ivliere ; irherein 

e 5 ^ e chiusa, sdrucciol. in i (e"*) : . . . . &ight ; osprf i/ 

e e(e)= i : me ; concrete, event 

e e ^ eu del f rancese leur :....... term ; terminatt^n 

ew emr ^ u : few ; neplLcw 

i i = i breve, awicin. ad e ; in ; infer 

i I := { lungo : . mien ; qnarant jne 

i i ^ a'y : flne ; empire 

i i ^e: Kr ; nadir 

I =y: ini^n 

o o := di notte, awicin. a a ingl. : . . . . hot ; dogmatic 

o o(c>)= di loro, sdrucciol. in u (o"'") : . . . no; locality; dominion 

6 9 =a: orb ; 9rdain 

i p = u lungo : mSve, fSol ; hatf-mpon 

6 o = 11 breve :........... hos^m, foot ; needful 

(> q ^n:.. ........... c6me ; handsome 

5 o =e:. ........... . irorker ; operator 

oi oi = S'y :....... .... oil ; coal-oil 

ou ou = a'n : .... .... out ; hothouse 




oir = on : . . . . , noir 

fi ^ ^ It lungo : . . . rile ; tiiTjjle 

u 11 =: M breve :........ . . fall ; -ful 

tt u ^ fra 6 e 6 breve : . ' bit ; submit 

u n = y'i. (dopo d, t, a, I quasi u) : . . . . use, beauty ; unite 

n n :=e: urn ; sajogrm 

y y =i: .... my ; deif^ 

y =i:. fyrd 


8. Le consonant! omesse si pronunziano in inglese come in italiano, osservando tiit- 
tavia che d, t si formano pifl in dietro. 

k: c&rt 

s: . . . . . . «eU 




= 8li:. . . 

= c di ce: 
= J di gala: . 
= j: . . . 
= h aspirata : 
= j ital.: . . 
= n palatale : 

chap, chest 
. . . game 
. . gem 

. . have 
son^;, living 

q = j;; pique 

qu =: qu ital.: quest 

r = senza vibrazione distinta, 
e formata contro il pala- 
to anteriore (-r finale § 
muta nel sud dell' Inghil- 
terra) : . roll, rear, father 

s = t di <e.' .... sell 

s = « di rosa: 

8 = sh : . . 

s ^ s sonoro : 

sh := so di seelia: 

t = sh : . . 


rose, as 
she, shun 


^ ch : questif : 

= t coUa punta della 
lingua fra i denti 
= th sonoro : . . 

•w = Jt- di novo : 

■wh = ^jr : . . 

? = gz : . . 

S =k'sh: . 

X = gs: . . 

z =?: . . 

S =S! • • 


the, bath^ 








ADJ., adjective. 

ADV., adverb. 

agr., agriculture. 

alch., alchemy. 

Am., Americau. 

anat., auatomy. 

antiq., antiquity. 

Ar(flb.), Arabic. 

arch., architecture. 

arith., arithmetic. 

ART., article. 

artil., artillery. 

astrol., astrology. 

astron., astronomy. 

aug., augmentative. 

auxil., auxiliary. 

Bav., Bavarian. 

hot., botany. 

car., caressing (endearing). 

car. dim., caressing dimin- 

Cath. rel.. Catholic religion. 

carp., carpentry. 

chem., chemistry. 

coll., collective. 

coTn., commerce. 

CONJ., conjunction. 

contr., contraction. 

cook., cookery. 

dial., dialectic. 

dim., diminutive. 

disp., disparaging. 

disp. aug., disparaging aug- 

disp. dim,., disparaging di- 

dy., dyeing. 

eccl., ecclesiastical. 

echoic, onomatopoetic. 

Bng., English. 

engr., engraving, 

^.nt., entomology. 

F., feminine. 

fam,., familiar. 

fene., fencing. 

fig., figuratively. 

fort., fortification. 

Ji'r., French. 

Fut., Future. 

gard., gardening. 

geol., geology. 

geom., geometry. 

Ger., German. 

Gr., Greek. 

her., heraldry. 

horol., horology. 

hort., horticulture. 

hunt., hunting. 

hydr., hydraulics. 

ichth., ichthyology. 

IMP., impersonal, 

I(nd.), Indicative. 

invar., invariable. 

IKTR., intransitive. 

iNTERj., interjection. 

iron., ironically. 

Im,pf., Imperfect. 

IRR., irregular. 

It., Italian. 

I've, Imperative. 

jest., jestingly. 

jur., jurisprudence. 

X., Latin. 

leg., legal. 

lit., literature. 

I. L., late Latin (vulgar or 

'log., logic. 
M., masculine. 
mam., mammalogy. 
man., manege, 
war., marine. 
math., mathematics. 
Tnech., mechanics. 
med., medicine. 
metal., metallurgy. 
miliit)., military art. 
min., mineralogy. 
mus., music. 
myth., mythology. 

N., noun-substantive. 
nav., naval. 
OFr., Old French. 
OGer., Old German. 
Olio., Old High GermaiL 
opt., optica. 
orni., ornithology. 
P., Past. 

paint., painting. 
Part., PART., participle 
pers., person. 
pharm., pharmacy. 
philips.), philosophy. 
phys., physics. 
pi., plural. 
p. L., popular Latin^. 
poet., poetic. 
pol., politics. 
pop., popular. 
Pres., Present. 
PREF., prefix. 
PREP., preposition. 
Pret., PRET., Preterit 
print., printing. 
PROx., pronoun. 
KEFL., reflexive. 
rel., religion. 
rhet., rhetoric. 
Scand., Scandinavian 
sculpt., sculpture. 
s(ing)., singular. 
S(ub}.), Subjunctive 
Swed., Swedish. 
Sp., Spanish. 
surg., surgery. 
Syr., Syriac. 
tech., technology, 
theat., theatre. 
theol., theology. 
TR., transitive. 
triv., trivial. 
typ., typography. 
vet., veterinary an;, 
vulg., vulgar. 
zo'ol,, zoology. 

t, obsolete word or meaning. 
* before a word, hypothetical form. 
11, sign to help find the etymology-word within a group. 

-, in Part I, division-sign of the etymology-word of a group ; in Part II Engligfe 
hyphens between members of compound. 

-, division-sign of other than etymology-words. 

=, division-sign between members of a compound. 

s, division-sign between members of a compound which is also the etymology-word. 



ai [L.], P. : a (the letter). 

a 2, before vowel ad [L. od], prep.: at; to; 
for ; (oecas'ly) by, with, in ; on ; according 
to, as : — cata, at home ; — cavallo, on 
horseback ; — mente, by heart ; — poco 
— poco, little by little, gradually; — quamto 
penso, as I think ; — che pro ? of what use ? 

a', for ffii =: a i, 'to the.' 

aba. . , for words not found under aba. . , 
cf . abba. . 

ala-dessaf = badessa. -diaf = abbadia. 
-ta««io, disp. of -te. Ilaba-te |L. abbas 
(Syr. abba, father)], m. : abbot; (Rom. 
Cath.) priest (clergyman), -tino, dim. 
of -te. -tone, augm. of -U. -tonzolo, 
-ta«eio, -tne-eiae-eio, -tncolo, disp. 
of -te. -zia, -ziale = abbazia, -ziale. 

abba-oamento, M. : musing ; raving. 
Il-caro [-cd\, intr. : computet ; muse 
(fancy) ; puzzle one's head ; rave. 

abbac-oTiiaiuento, M. : knocking down 
(fruit) ; lowering (of price). ||-cft.iare 
[bacchio}, TR. : knock down with a pole 
(as fruit, etc.) ; knock down ; sell cheap : 
— UTia ragazza,marrj a girl poorly (merely 
to get her married). -c7iiata, ¥.: knock- 
ing down ; cudgeling. -cMato, PART. : 
knocked down; dejected; humiliated. 
-oh.iatnra, F. : knocking down. 

abba-oh.ino [-co], M. : simple arithmetic. 
-c/iista, M. : arithmetician (us'ly disp.). 

abbaei-nare [baeino], TR. : blind by 
torture ; tdim (obfuscate, eclipse), -ndto, 
PART. : injured (of the eyes). 

abba-co [L. abacus, counting-board], M. : 
arithmetic ; counting : aver poco — , be a 
poor computer. 

abbadaref = badare. 

abbadia = abbazia. 

abba-frliamento, M., -glianza, F. : 
blindness; delusion. {|-£rliare [bagliore], 
TR. : dazzle ; beguile ; intr. : be dazzled 
(be blinded), repl. : make a mistake. 

abbai-amento, m. : barking. ||-4re 
[bau], INTR. : BAY (bark, howl); sing 
poorly; carp, -ata, P.: barking (yelp); 
yell. -atore, M., -atora, -atri«e, 
P. : barker ; babbler. 

abbaino [?], M. : dormer-window. 

ab-baio [-are], M.: barking, -baio, M.: 
much ^arki^g. -baiiSiie, m.: loud barker. 


abbal-lare [balla], TR. : emBALE (pack 
up). -latore, M. : embaler (packer). 
-linare, TR. : roll up (a mattress for air- 
ing the bed), -lottdre [ballotta], tr. ; 
handle, fumble with ; manage ; put to 
the vote, -lottatnra, P. : handling. 
-lottio, M. : much or frequent handling. 

abbalordire [balordo], TR. : stun (dull). 

abbamboldto [bambola], ADJ. : doll-eyed 
(with expressionless eyes, languid-eyed). 

abban-donare, TR. : abandon (relin- 
quish, forsake) ; repl. : give one's self up 
(yield), -donatam^nte, ADV. : in an 
abandoned manner ; hopelessly, -donato, 
ADJ. : abandoned (forsaken) ; hopeless. 
-donatore, M. : deserter. {|-d6no [cf . 
OFr. bandon, power], m. : abandonment 
(forsaking, desertion) : in — , in utter 
neglect or disorder. 

abbar-bagrliamento, M. : dazzling ; de- 
lusion. W-haglikre [bagliore], TR. : 
dazzle (daze, stupify). -ba{7lio, M.: daz- 
zling; delusion. 

abbarbioare [barba], INTR. : take root. 

abbarcare [iarca], TB.: load up (pile up). 

abbarraref = sbarrare. 

abba-rnfFamento, M. : scuf9e; quarrel. 
Il-rnffare [barvffa'], TR. : put in confusion 
(jumble together); repl.: scuffle (wrangle). 
-jraBio, M. : violent wrangle. 

ab-bassam ento, M.: lowering; debasing. 
Il-bassare [basso], TR. : lower (depress ; 
diminish, reduce); deBASE; cast down; 
INTR.: abate, -bassata, P.: lowering; 
reduction ; humiliation, -b&sso, ADV. 
PREP. : below ; down ; down-stairs : — i 
cappelli! hats oif! — i tiranni! down 
with the tyrants ! 

abba-st^nte, (vulg.):= bastante. -st&nisa 
[cf. bastanza], adv. : sufficiently (enough). 

abbatet, etc. ^ abate, etc. 

abb4t-tere [batterej, TR. : beat or knock 
down (batter down, overthrow) ; cut 
down, abate (lower, humble) ; repl. : be 
downcast (be distressed) ; hit or happen 
upon. -timouto, M. : beating down 
(overthrow) ; dejection ; f aintness ; lan- 
guidness ; debasement. 

abbatnfol4re [batufolo], TR. : make a 
bundle of; throw into a heap (throw in 


4 abbattuto 

abbattuto [part, of abbattere], adj.: 
struck down; downcast (depressed); hum- 

abba-zia [abate], F.: abbey; abbotship. 
-ziale, ADJ. : abbatial. 

abbe«edario [a, b, c, (j], M. : spelling- 

abbellaref = abbellire. 

abbel-limento, M.: embellishment. 
-lire [bello], TR. : embellish, -litura, 
p. : embellishment ; ornamented story. 

abbencTiet, (vulg.) = benche. 

abbendaref, TR. : gather ; join ; crowd 

abbertescaref, TR. : fortify with battle- 

abbeve-rare [bevere], TR. : water, give 
drink to (animals) ; soak ; refl. : drink. 
-ratoio, M. : watering-trough ; horse- 

abbiadare [biada], TR. : feed with oats. 

abbioare [biea], TR. . heap up ; join. 

abbie-ei [a, b, c], M. : alphabet. 

abbiente [aJftioret =^ avere], M. : pos- 

abbiett. .f = abiett. . 

abbi-gKamento, M. : attire (dress). 
||-£rliare [L. habilis, able], tr. : attire 
(dress, habit, array), -gliatnra, F. : 
attiring; attire. 

abbiudo-lamento, M. : deceit (cheat, 
trick). Il-laro [bindolo], tr. : deceive 
(delude, beguile, cheat) ; reelf. -latura, 
F. : deceit (artifice), -latore, M. : de- 
ceiver (beguiler). -latnra, F. : artifice. 

abbiosciaref, TR. : cast down (deject). 

abbiso - £fnare [bisognare], TR. : need. 
-gn^vole, ADJ. : needing, needy. 

abbinr. .f = abiur. . 

abboo-camento, M. : interview. II -ca- 
re Iboeca}, tr. : snatch (with the mouth); 
fill to the brim ('month') ; recipr. : have 
an interview; confer, -cato, adj.: filled 
(full); brimful; palatable (toothsome, deli- 
cate, of agreeable flavour); sweetish ; eat- 
ing anything (easily satisfied), -catdra, 
F. : snatching ; filling (to the brim), -co- 
nare,TR. : cut into morsels ('mouthfuls'). 

abbom. .f =: abom. . 

abbonae-«iainento, M. : calm, jj-cia- 
re \bonaceia], TR. : calm (pacify) ; refl. : 
grow calm. 

abbo-namento, M.: subscription. Il-na- 
rei [Fr.a6oji7ier(6orjie, limit)], TR.: (agree 
to pay limited sum, hence) subscribe ; con- 
tract; refl.: subscribe. 

abbonare 2 [buono], tr. : assent to, ac- 
cept, approve (grant); allow (deduct); 
EEFL. : improve ; grow calm. 

abbon-dantemente, adv. : abundantly. 
-damentof, M. : abundance, -danza, 
F. : abundance ; floodf. -danziaf, F. : 


abundance, jl-dare [onda], intr. : abound. 
-d^volef, adj. : abundant, -dezzaf. P., 
-dezzof, M.: abundance, -done, M.: big 
talker; wiseacre. 

ab-bonire [buond], TR. : appease (pacify, 
calm) ; meliorate ; mature. -b6no, M. : 

ab-bordaggto, M. : boarding (of a ship) ; 
approach. ' fl-bordare [bordo], TR.: board 
(a ship) ; approach (accost), -bordo = 
-bordaggio. -bordone, M. : boarder. 

abborra«-ef amento, M. : bungling. 
Il-eiare [borra], TR. : bungle (botch). 
-eiatdra, P. : botch-work, -eione, M., 
-eiona, P. : bungler. 

abborraret, TR. : fill with stuff ; super- 
add ; INTE. : err. 

abborri. .f, abbort. -t = dborri. ., 
abort. . 

abbotti-namentot, M. : plunder (booty). 
Il-naret, TR. : plunder ; refl. : mutiny. 
-natoref, M.: plunderer. 

abbotto-nare [bottonel, TR. : button. 
-natura, P. : buttoning. 

abboz-zamento, M. : rough draught, 
(sketch). Ij-zare [bozza], TR. : sketch (out- 
line) ; rough-cast; rough-hew; shadowforth. 
-zatamente, adv. : roughly (in outline). 
-zati«eio, ADJ. : half-sketched ; half- 
blown. -zat6re,M.,-zatri'ee,F.: sketch- 
er. -zatnra, F., abboz-zo, M. : sketch- 
(ing) ; rough draught ; outline ; embryo. 

abbozzolare [bozzolo], refl. : agglomer- 
ate ; form its cocoon. 

abbrae-eiamento, M.: embrace. ||-«ia- 
re [braccio], TR. : emBRACE ; devote one's 
self to ; contain, -etata, P. : embrace. 
-eiatore, M. : embracer. -«ia=tdtto, 
M.: meddler-in-everything. -eio, M.: em- 

abbra-eiaref, TR. : set on fire, -cia- 
mentot, M. : setting on fire. 

abbran-care [branca], TR. : seize firmly 
(grasp) ; clasp, -oatore, M. : grasper. 

abbre - viamento, M. : abridgment. 
Il-viare [breve], TR. : abbreviate (abridge, 
shorten): per — , in short. -viata- 
mente, ADV. : in an abridged manner. 
-viativo, adj. : abbreviatory. -via- 
tore, M., -Tiatri«e, P. : abridger. 
-viatdra, -viazione, P. : abbreviation 

ab-brivare [riva], intr. : (nav.) sail or 
steam out (be under way): -briva, 'for- 
ward!' -brivo, M. : sailing; course: 

prender V — , set out. 

abbrividaret, -diref = rabbrividire. 

abbron-zacoh.iare, tr. : tan slightly. 
-zamento, M. : bronzing ; tanning. 
||-zaro[troKzo],TR.,iNTR.: bronze; scorch; 
tan (sunburn), -zatello, -zati««io, 
ADJ. : slightly sunburnt, -zatdra, » ; 


scorching. -zipe[6roKzo],iNTR.: be bronzed 
or sunburnt. 

abbrost. .f abbrust. . 

abbra«iabilet = bruciabile. 

abbru-eiaocTi-iinento, M. : slight burn. 
-«iacc7iiare, TR. : burn slightly, -eia- 
mento, M.: burning. ||-«iare [brucia- 
re], TR. : bum; consume. -«iati€«iot, 
M. : burning. 

abbTu-naiiieiito,M.: mourning. H-nare 
[bruno], tr. : drape in mourning ; refl. : 
put on mourning, -nire \bruno], tr.: im- 
brown ; intr. : be sunburnt ; grow dusk. 

abbrns-tiaret, -tiref, TR. : singe 
(scorch), -tolimento, M. : scorching ; 
toasting, -tolaref, ll-tolire [L. per- 
ustulare (arere, burn)], tb.: scorch; toast 
(crisp), -tolita, F. : slight toasting. 

abbra-timento, M.: brutalization. ||-ti- 
re [bruto], TR., intr. : brutalize. 

ab-bniamento, M.: darkening. Il-buia- 
re [buio], TR. : darken (dim); conceal. 

abbuono = abbono. 

abburat-tamento, M. : bolting (sift- 
ing). II -tare [buratto], tr. : bolt (sift); 
abuse ; intr. : talk tediously ; repl. : 
tfldget. -tata, F. : sieveful of flour, -ta- 
tone, M. : great babbler, -tatore, M. : 
bolter (sifter), -tatura, F. : bolting. 

abbnzzire [buzzo], TR., befl. : overload 
(the stomach) ; be cloudy. 

abdi - care [dicare], intr. : abdicate 
(resign), -cazione, F. : abdication. 

aber-rare [errare], intr. : err ; deviate. 
-razione, F. : aberration (deviation) ; 
error of judgment. 

abe-te [L. abies], M. : fir-tree, -taiat ^ 
-Una. -tella, P. : felled fir-tree, -ti- 
(n)a, F. : fir-forest, -tino, ADJ. : sea- 
soned with fir-leaves (of drinks), -tof, 
for abete. 

ab-iettamente, ADV. : abjectly, -iet- 
tarot TR. : cast down, -iettezza, P. : 
abjectness. ||-ietto [L. -jectus, cast off], 
ADJ. : abject (despicable) ; impleasant. 
-iezione, F. : abjection (meanness). 

ab-igeato [L. -igere, carry off], M.: cat- 
tle-stealing, -igeo, M. : cattle-stealer. 

abi-le |X. habilis], ADJ. : able (capable, 
skilful), -lita, P. : ability (skill), -li- 
tare, TR.: enable; qualify, -litazione, 
P.: enabling; qualification. -Imento, 
ADV. : ably (skilfully). 

a-bissare, TR. : throw into an abyss 
(engulf). Il-bisso [Gr. d-bnssos, bottom- 
less], M. : abyss. 

abi-tabile, ADJ. : inhabitable, -tacolo, 
M. : habitation, -tante, adj. : inhabit- 
ing ; M. : Inhabitant. ||-tare [L. ha- 
bitare], tb. ; inHABiT; intr.: reside. 
-tato, PART.: inhabited; M. : inhabited 
place, -tataro, M . -tatri«e, P. : in- 

aoatalettioo 5 

habitant. -tazione, P. : habitation, 

abi-to [h. habitns], M. : HABIT (custom) ; 
dress (garment, clothes ; PL. suit of 
clothes); temperament : pigliar I' — , take 
the cowl (go into a monastery), -tino, 
M. : scapular (shoulder-scarf), -tuale, 
ADJ. : habitual, -tualmente, adv. : ha- 
bitually ; usually, -tuare, TB. : habituate 
(accustom), -tnatezzaf, P. : state of 
being accustomed (custom, habitualness). 
-tnazionef (vulg.) = -tudine. -tudi- 
nario, ADJ. : habitual, -tudine, P. : 
habit, -turo, M. : (poet.) humble abode. 

ab-inrare [L. jurare, swear], TR. : ab- 
jure ; renounce (recant), -iura, p. : ab- 
juration, -iarazionet, F. : abjuration. 

ablative [L. -vus}, M. : ablative. 

ablu-ente [L. -ens], ADJ. : abluent. 
-zione, P. : ablution ; cleansing. 

abne-gare [L.], TR. : abnegate (deny). 
-gazione, P. : abnegation. 

abo-lire [L. ab-olere], TR. : abolish ; 
annul, -litivo, ADJ.: abolishing, -li- 
zione, P. . abolition. 

abolla [?], F. : (old) military dress. 

abomaso [L. ab, omasum, tripe], M. : 
abomasum (fourth stomach of a rumi- 

abomi-nabile, -uando, ADJ. : abomi- 
nable. Il-nare [L. -nan], TR. : abominate 
(abhor, detest), -nazioue, P. : abomi- 
nation (detestation). -nevole, ADJ. : 
abominable (execrable), abomi-nlo, M.: 
abomination, -nosof, adj. : abominable. 

aborigene, ADJ. or s. : aboriginal ; PL. : 
aborigines (natives). 

aboT-rente, -revelet, ADJ. : abhor- 
rent (repugnant, detestable), -pimento, 
M. : horror. ||-rire \L. ab-horrere], TR. : 
abhor (loathe). 

ab-ortare, or -ortire, intr.: be abortive 
(miscarry). -ortivo, ADJ. : abortive. 
||-6rto [L. -tut\, M. : abortion; abortive 

abra-deref = radere. -sionet, F. . 
abrasion (rubbing off). 

abro-gare CL.], tb. : abrogate (repeal). 
-gazione, P. : abrogation (repeal). 

absentet = assente. 

abside [L. -da (Gr. apsis, curve)], P. : APSE. 

abst. .f ^ ast. . 

abn-sare, TR. : abuse (misuse) ; impose 
on. -sazione, F. : abuse, -sionet, P- ■ 
desertion, -sivo, ADJ. : abusive ; base. 
Il-so [L. -sus], M. : abuse ; disusef. -ei- 
vamente, adv. : abusively. 

ac- = ad-. 

acaeia [L. (acus, sharp)], P. : acacia. 

acanto [L. -thus], M. : acanthus. 

acatalettico [Gr. -tikds 'not defec' 
tive'], ADJ. . acatalectic. 

6 acatalessia 

acata-lessia [Gr. -lepsid, ' in-comprehen- 
siblenesa'], P.: acatalepsy, -lettico, M.: 

acattolico [Gr. a-, not, e. .], adj. : non- 

acca, F. : h (the letter): un' — , a noth- 
ing ; non vale un' — , he is worthless. 

acca-demia [L.], F. : academy ; uni- 
versity, -demico, ADJ. : academical ; 
M.: academician, -demioamente, adv.: 
for fun, by the way. 

acca - dere [L. cddere, fall], irk. (cf . 
cadere), intr. : befall (happen); (esp. with 
non) import (be of importance); refl. : 
fit (become), -dimentof, MJ : accident 
(chance), -duto, part. : happened ; m. : 
happening (incident). 

accaffaref, TR. : snatch away. 

accagio-uamento, M. : imputation. 
Il-nare [cagione], impute (accuse of). 
-natoret, M. : imputer (accuser). 

acca-^liamento, M. : coagulation. 
Il-gliare [eaglio], intr.: coagulate. 
-j/Hatura, P. : coagulation. 

accalap-piacaui [cane], M. : municipal 
catcher of unmuzzled dogs, dog-catcher; 
scamp (cheat). ||-pi4re [calappio], TR. : 
insnare (inveigle), -piatore, M. : cheat 
(deceiver), -piatura, P.: insnaring, de- 

accalcare [caZcffl], TR. : crowd. 

accaldare [caldo], refl. : be flushed with 

accaloraref, TR. : heat. 

accamliiaret, TR. : exchange. 

accampanare [campandi, TR. : shape 
like a bell. 

accam - pamento, M. : encampment. 
Il-pare [campo], intr. : encamp ; refl. 
encamp (pitch one's camp). 

aocampio - namento, M. : registering 
(registry). W-nAre [eampione], TR. : reg- 
ister (real estate). 

aocanalare [canale}, TR. : channel. 

acca-naref, -neggiaref = -nlre. 

acca-nim^nto, M*. : fury ; pertinacity. 
Il-nire [cane], TR. : infuriate ; intr.I or 
refl. : be infuriated (grow mad) ; persist. 
-nitamente, ADJ. : furiously (rabidly). 
-nito, ADJ. : infuriated (furious, rabid). 

accannel-lamento, M. : winding up 
bobbins. ||-iare [cannell»\, TR. : wind up 

accanto [a, canto\, prep, or ADV. : aside ; 
beside ; near. 

aooapac-eiamento, M. : (mental) weari- 
ness. ||-«fare [capaccio], INTR. or REFL. : 
feel one's head weary, be (mentally) wea- 
ried. -«iato, ADJ. : (mentally) wearied. 
-etatnra, p. : (mental) weariness. 

acoaparrdre [oaparra], TR. : engage or 
take by paying earnest ; buy up (forestall). 


accapezzare [capo], TR. : level ; place 
even (stones); fit; iinish offf. 

accapi-^liamento, M.: scuiSe. ||-£flia- 
re ^apeiio], refl. : take one another by 
the hair ; scuffle. -gKatnra, P. : scuf- 
fling; hair-pulling. 

accappatoio [cappa], M. : mantle ; comb- 

accap-pi&re [cappio], TK. : tie ; gin 
(snare), -piatura, P. : running knot 
(snare), -piettare, IE. : ensnare. 

accappo-nare [eappone], TR. : capon ; 
REFL. : shiver (shudder), -natnra, P. : 

accapri'e-«iai-et, intr. : shudder. 

accarez-zamentof, M. : caressing. 
Il-zare [carezza], TR. : caress (fondle); 
flatter, -zativof, adj. : caressing, -za- 
tore, M., -zatri-ee, P. : caresser ; flat- 
terer, -zevole, ADJ. : flattering. 

accarnaref, -nirof, TR. : pierce (into 
the flesh of). 

accarpionare [carpionej, TR. : cook like 

accarto-eeiare [cartoccio], TE. : wrap up 
in a comet ; curl up. 

acca-samento, M. : wedding (marriage). 
Il-sare [casa], TR. : wed; refl. : marry; 
begin housekeeping ; build (houses)t. 

accascaref, INTR. : chance (happen). 

acca-sciamento, M. : debility ; decay. 
Il-sciare [?], TR. : weaken (debilitate); 
REFL. : become feeble (by age, etc.) or de- 
jected; decay. 

accastellare [castello], TR. : arrange in 
a pyramid ; f ortifyf; provide with a f ore- 

accatar-ramentot, M. : catarrh ; cold. 
Il-rare, INTR. : contract a catarrh, -ra- 
tnra, P. = -ramento. 

accata-stamento, M. : piling up. ||-sta- 
re [catasta], TR. : pile up. 

accat-tabrigh-e [briga], M. : (indeel.) 
quarrelsome fellow (brawler), -tamen- 
tot,M.: begging. -ta=panet, M.: beggar. 
Il-tare [L. captare, take], TE., intr. : ask 
alms (of); beg; borrow; get. -tatore, M.: 
beggar, -tatozzif, M. : professional beg- 
gar, -teria, p. : borrowing ; begging. 
-tiuo, M. : one asking for alms (alms- 
collector), accat-to, M. : loan ; sum 
collected; gain: pigliar ad — , borrow. 
-tolica (aW — ), adv. : beggingly ; by 
way of borrowing, -tone, M. : vile beg- 
gar ; impostor, -tonaggio, M. : profes- 
sional begging (beggary)'. ' 

accaval - c4r e f, TR. : mount upon. 
||-«iare] cavallo], TR. : stand astraddle of 
(straddle) ; span. -«i6ne or -eidai, adv. : 
astride : stare — , be mounted, -lam^u- 
to, M. . skipping over, omission ; super- 
posing, -lare, TE. : skip (a stich in knit- 


ting), pass over; superpose, -latura, 
P. : omission (skipping); superposition. 

acoavigrliare [caviglia], TK. : wind (on 

ae«e-oamento, M. : blindness ; error ; 
obstruction. ||-cape [ceco], TR. : blind, 
dim; intb. become blind; tarnish, -ca- 
t6re, M. : blinder ; deceiver, -oatura, 
p. : blinding ; cavity. 

a««edere [L.], TR. : draw near (approach). 

a««effaret, TR. : seize (with the teeth). 

ae-eeggiat, P. : woodcock. 

a««ele-raineiito, M. : acceleration; 
swiftness (haste). ||-raro [celere], TR. : 
accelerate (speed); ebfl. . make haste. 
ADV. : swiftly (in a hurry), -rativo, adj. : 
accelerating, -ratore, M., -ratrice, P.: 
accelerator, -razione, /.: Acceleration 

a««en-dere [L. (candere, shine)], irr.§ ; 
TR. : kindle (light, set on fire); inCENSE 
(excite); repl. : kindle (catch fire), -jdi- 
bile, ADJ. : that may be kindled (inflam- 
mable, combustible), -dimentof, M. : kin- 
dling (setting on fire) . -ditoio, M. : lighting- 
stick, -ditore, M. : kindler (inflamer). 

§ Pret. acck-si^ -se; -sera. Part. -cSso^ 

ac-eennare, TR. : make a sign to (nod 
to) ; beckon ; indicate ; hint ; feign (pre- 
tend), -eennatnraf, P. : nodding. 
||-«enno \_eenn6\, M. : sign (nod). 

a«-eeiisi'bile, adj. : inflammable (com- 
bustible), -eensione, P. : burning (con- 
flagration), -eenso [poet, for -ceso, part, 
of -eeiidere], kindled (inflamed). 

ae-eentare, TR. : accent, -eentato, 
PART. : accented. -«entatara, P. : ac- 
centuation. Il-eento [L. ac-centus (ca- 
nere, sing)], m. : accent ; tone ; voice ; 
(mus.) expression. 

a««e]itr4re [centra], TR. : concentrate 

a«eeii - tn&re [-to], TR. : accentuate. 
-taato, ADJ.: accentuated; pronounced. 
-tuazione, P. : accentuation. 

a««er-c}iiaiiieiito, M. : encircling. 
||-c7iiare [cerchio], TE. : encircle (encom- 
pass); hoop. 

a«eerito [? cera], adj.: red -faced 

a««er-tainento, M. : ASSURANCE ; ascer- 
tainment (confirmation), -tare [eerto], 
TR. : make certain (assure) ; ascertain. 
-tatamentef, adv. : assuredly. 

a-e-eesamentet, ADV.: ardently. ||-«e8a, 
PART, of -cendere. 

ae-ees-siliile, ADJ.: accessible (approach- 
able), -siliilita, P.: accessibiliiy. -sio- 
ne, P. : accession ; access ; fit. ||a-cces- 
so [aceedere], m. : access (approach, road); 
fit ; suffrage, -sdrio, m. : accessory. 
-soTipiuente, ADV. : accessorily. 

acoidentalita 7 

a««es-tiin.eiito, M. : tufting. ||-tire 
[cesto], TE. : tuft. 

a'e«£tta [old accia = azza\, P. : hatchet ; 
fatto coll' — , rough-hewn. 

a««et-tabile, ADJ. : acceptable, -tabi- 
lita, P. : acceptability. ||-tape [L. accep- 
tare (capere, take)], TR. : accept (receive). 

a««ettata [accetta], P. : blow of the 

a««et-tat6re, M., -tatri«e [-tare], P.: 
accepter, -tazione, p. : acceptation ; 
acceptance, -t^vole, adj. : acceptable 

a-eeettino or -na, dim. of accetta. 

a-eeezione [L. ae-ceptio], p. . acceptation 
(of a meaning). 

accTie-tamento, M. : quieting (calming). 
II -tare [chetare], TR. : quiet (hush; ap- 
pease, calm). 

acc/tiap-pare [chiappa], TR. : snatch 
(catch, seize) ; cheat (trick), -patdllo 
or -parello, M. : artifice (catch). 

accTiinaret ^= chinare. 

acchio-e-eiolsLTe [cMoeciola], TE. : wind 
(twist like 'snail') ; cause to crouch or squat; 
REFL. : squat ; sit cowering ; cuddle up. 

acrcMuderef, TE.: enCLOSE. -cMdsit, 
pret. -cUusof, part. 

a««ia [L. acia], P. : thread (in skeins). 

a-e-etabat-tamento, M. : botching (bun- 
gling). Il-tare [eiabatta], TR. : cobble 
(botch, fix carelessly), -tio, M. : frequent 
botching, -tone, M., -toaa, P. : botcher. 

aeeiac-oamento, M. : squashing. {|-ca- 
re [-co], TE. : squash (bruise, pound). 
-cata, P. : squashing, -catura, P. : 

a^-eia-e-einare [? ak. to L. agere, act], 
EEPL. : bestir (busy) one's self, work hur- 

a'e«iacco [? ciacco], M. : illness (indis- 
position) ; misfortune. 

a-e-c-ta-iare, TE. : convert into steel ; tip 
with steel, -iatura, P. : conversion into 
steel ; steeling, -ieria, P. : steel-works. 
||a'e«ia-io [L. acies, sharp edge], M. : 
steel ; swordf. -iolino, M. : small file ; 
steel-bead (for lady's dress). -i(u)61o, 
M. : file ; steel (for sharpening knives). 

a««iaiii'bellare [ciambella], TR. : form 
into a cake. 

a««-f appinare [?], EEPL. : act hastily, be 

a«-eiarino, M.: steel (to strike fire with). 
||-«iaro [-eiaio],M. : (poet.) steel; sword. 

aeciar-paxaento, M. : botching. || -pa- 
re [ciarpa], TE. : do slovenly (botch), 
-patamente, adv. : slovenly. -pa- 
tore, M. : botcher, -pio, M. : botching. 
-pone, M., -pdna, F. : botcher. 

a^-ei-dentale, adj. : accidental, -den- 
talit&, P. : accidentality. -dental- 



mente, ADV. : accidentally, -dentato, 
M. : apoplectic fit ; stroke. ||-dente [L. 
-dem, -dent- (caiere, fall)], m. : accident 
(chance; mishap; property of a word); 
apoplectic fit. -deutd«'eiot, M. : little 

a-eei-dia [Gr. a-kedia, carelessness], P. : 
indolence (idleness, sloth), -diosamente, 
ADV. : lazily (idly), -dioso, ADJ. : indo- 
lent (idle, lazy) ; m. : sluggard. 

a««i-£rliaineiito, M. : gloom ; sadness. 
||-£rliare [eiglio], KEFl. : knit one's 
brows (frown) ; look sullen or gloomy. 
-gKatanieitte, ADV. : sullenly ; sadly. 
-gli&to, ADJ. : sullen ; gloomy ; sad. 
-£fiiatura, P.: suUenness; gloom, -glio- 
nare, TR. : provide with jjrows. 

a««i-£rneTet = accingere. -grnimentot, 
M. : preparation. 

a«eileoc&Te [eilecca], TE. : mock (de- 
lude) ; tantalize ; fiatter. 

a««iii«i£r9are [incignare], TS. : rumple. 

a«-«ingere [L. cingere], IRB. (cf. c. .); 
REFL. : gird up one's loins ; prepare one's 
self ; set about, --einto, part. : girt ; 
prepared (ready). 

a««i6 [a ciS], conj. : to the end that; 
that, -ccft.6 [che], or — che, CONJ. : in 
order that. 

a««iotto-lare [ciottolo], TR. : pave with 
pebbles; clatter, -latura, P. : stone pav- 

a«eircoudaret, TR. : surround. 

ae«isinaret, TS. : cut asunder. 

a««{aiFare [cinffd], TK. : take by the 
hair; catch. 

aeeiuga [?], P. : anchovy. 

a««ivetta-re [civetta], TR.: (.hunt.) lure 
(birds) with the owl; entice (seduce), -to, 
PART. : excited ; adj. : tried ; cautious. 

acci-vimentot, M.: provision, -viref, 
TR. : provide. 

accla-mare [L. (clamare, call)], intr. : 
acclaim (shout applause) ; tr. : acclaim ; 
elect by acclamation, -mazione, P. : 
acclamation (acclaim). 

acclimare or -matare [elima], TR. : 
acclimate, -matise. 

aoclinaref, -nof = inclindre, -no. 

accli-ve \elivo\, ADJ. : declivous (sloping). 
-vita, P. : acclivity. 

ac-dndere PL. {dander e, close)], irr. § ; 
TR.: enclose. -o\aao, part, -dusa, P.: 
enclosed letter. 

§ Pret. acclu-si, ~se ; ~sero. Part, accluso. 

accoocare \eoeed\, TR. : fix (the thread) 

on the spindle ; adjust, give (a blow, etc.) ; 

strike ; cheat ; ffi^ '• accocearla a uno, 

cheat, entrap one. 
accoooolare [Sp. aclocar (ak. to cluck)], 

repl. : sit, squat ; stoop down. 
aooo - damento, M. : tying together. 


ll-dare [coda], TR. : tie (horses, etc.) 
together by the tail; refl. : tie one's 
self to (follow closely), -datura, P.: 
tying together. 

ac-co£rlienza, P. : reception (welcome). 
||=c6£rliere, IRE.; TR.: receive (welcome); 
accept (approve, consent to); collect (as- 
semble) ; INTR. : happen ; refl. : assem- 
ble (meet). -co£rlimenta««iot, M. : 
cool reception. -oogrlimentot, M. : 
gathering (assemblage); reception, -co- 
3liti€€iot, M. : picking up. -cosflitorot, 
M. : gatherer. 

acoolito [Gr. akolouthos, following], M. : 

accol-lare [collo], TR. : put on the back 
("neck"), load; yoke; refl.: take charge 
of. -latario, M. : public contractor. 
-latdra, P.: upper part of a dress, ac- 
col-lo, M. : load (on the neck of a beast 
of burden) ; contract. 

accolta [-cogliere], P. : assembly. 

accoltel-lantef, M. : stabber. ||-lare 
[coltello], TR. : stab, -latore, M. : stab- 
ber; gladiator. 

acoolto, FART, of cogliere. 

acco-mandaf, P. : trust ; share, -man- 
dante, M. : sleeping partner (share- 
holder). Il-mandaref [L. mandare, in- 
trust], TE. : recoMMEND ; give in charge ; 
fasten. -mandatario, Id. : trustee ; 
agent, -mandigia, P. : trust ; protec- 
tion (guardianship). -mandita, P. : 
partnership ; stock company. 

accomandolare [comandolo], TE. : tie 
up (the broken thread in a warp). 

accomiatare [comiato], TR. : dismiss 
(let go) ; bid good-bye ; refl. : take one's 

accomij7nolaret, TE. : join like the 
rafters of a roof ; combine. 

accomo-dabile, ADJ.: accommodable 
(adjustable), -damento, M. : accommo- 
dation (adjustment) ; agreement, ll-da- 
re [eomodo], TE. : accommodate (adjust, 
arrange) ; compromise ; suit (please) ; 
refl. : conform one's self ; come to an 
agreement; make one's self comfortable 
(sit down) : la s' accomodi, please be 
seated, -datamente, adv. : suitably 
(justly); seasonably, -dative, adj. : suit- 
able; seasonable, -dato, ADJ.: adapted; 
convenient (suitable). -datore, M., 
-datri«e, F. : accommodator (fitter); P. : 
tire-woman (milliner). -datura. P.: 
adjustment; agreement, -dazionef. P.: 
accommodation (adjustment). -devol- 
mentef, ADV. : conveniently. 

accompa-^rnabile, ADJ. : that may be 
accompanied or matched, -j/namento, 
M. : accompaniment ; suite (retinue). 
Il-ffuaro [compagno], TR. : accompany 


(attend, escort); join with (match); 
REPL. : accompany one's self ; join one's 
self; marry, -gnatore, M., -gnatri«e, 
F. : accompanist ; companion (attendant). 
-gnatura, F. : accompaniment ; train. 

accomu-namento, M. : community; par- 
ticipation. Il-nare [comune], TE. : make 
common (put in common); repl. : make 
one's self familiar; mingle freely (with 
people); accompany. 

aooon-eezza, P. : suitableness ; finery. 
-«iaiiiente, AS J. : properly. -eia- 
mento, M. : adjustment ; skill. ||>«iare 
[p. L. *comptiare (L. comere, co-emere, put 
together)], TR. : fit (together); set in order; 
adorn (deck); settle; reconoilef; marryf; 
(eook^ preservet ; repl. : adapt one's self ; 
deck one's self; settle; go in service: — ra- 
gioni, settle disputed accounts ; — rsi del- 
V anima, prepare for death, -eiatamen- 
tet, ADV. : properly, -eiatore, M. : ad- 
juster; hair-dresser. -eiatri«e, P. : tire- 
woman (milliner), -eiatdra, F. : adorn- 
ment, head-dress : perdere V — , be frus- 
trated (miss one's aim), -eime, M.: repair. 
acc6ii-«'£a, adj. : adapted (fitted) ; oppor- 
tune ; ADV. : suitably : in — , suitably, sea- 
sonably; M.t: convenience; gain. 

acoondiscendere t = condiscendere. 

aooonifrliaret, TR. : draw up (the oars). 

acconsen-timentot, M. : consent. || -ti- 
re [eonsentire], tr. : consent or agree to 

accontaret, TR- : balance (level); (fill 

acconto [conto], u. : part paid. 

accoppare {coppd], TR. : give a death- 
blow to (on the ' head,' knock down). 

accop-pialiile, ADJ. : matchable. -pia- 
mento, M. : coupling (copulation, match). 
Il-piare [eoppid], TR. : couple (join, yoke, 
match): repl. : form a couple (pair); walk 
two by two. -piatore, M. : coupler ; 
match-maker, -piatdra, P. : coupling ; 

acco-ramento, M. : affliction (grief). 
||-p4po [core], lRR.t§ ; TR.: grieve (to the 
'heart'), afflict ; kepl. : be deeply grieved. 
-ratdio, ADJ.f : heart-rending ; M. : knife 
for killing hogs, -razionef, P. : grief. 
§ tPr. accuoro, etc. : ud, where accented. 

accor-«iable, ADJ. : that may be short- 
ened, -eiamento, M. : shortening (con- 
traction). ||-€i4re \eort6\, TR. : shorten 
(cuETail, abridge); contract; repl.: grow 
short (decrease, shrink). -«iataiii6ntet, 
ADJ.: briefly (in a word). -«iativo, ADJ. : 
shortening, -eiatdra = -eiamento. 

accoT-dabile, ADJ. : that may be ac- 
corded ; agreeable, -damento, M. : ac- 
cordance (accord, agreement), -dante, 
ADJ. : accordant (agreeing, harmonious). 

aooreditare 9 

-danza, P. : accordance. ||-dare [L. cor, 
heart], tr. : accord (make agree, recon- 
cile ; grant); tune ; refl. : agree ; harmo- 
nize (be in tune), -datamente, ADV. : 
harmoniously; unanimously. -dat6re, M. : 
reconciler (peace-maker); tuner, -da- 
trice, p. : mediatrix, -datura, p. : ac- 
cord ; consonance (harmony), -devolef, 
ADJ. : agreeable. aoc6r-do, M. : accord 
(harmony); agreement; (compact): essere 
d' — , be agreed (agree); harmonize; imt- 
tere d' — , reconcile. 

aooor-gere [L. ad, cor-rigere, correct], 
1RR.§ ; refl. : infer (conclude); discover 
(perceive, observe), -gimento, m. : sa- 
gacity (providence, prudence). , 

§ Pret. accdr-st, -se ; -sero. Part, accdrto. 

accdrre, abbrev. of accogliere. 

ac=cdrrere, IRR.; intr. : run or hasten 
to; run after (pursue): accorr'uomo! help! 
-corsi, PEBT. of -correre or -corgere. 
-corso, PART, of -correre. 

accortamente [corto], ADV. : prudently ; 

accortaref = accorciare. 

ac-cortezza, p.: prudence; sagacity (cun- 
ning). ||-o6rto [-corgere], part. : per- 
ceived, etc. ; adj. : prudent (provident) ; 
wary (cunning): male — , imprudent ; /are 
— , warn, advise ; stai , be attentive. 

accosciare [coscia], REPL.: squat; cower. 

acco-stamento, M. : approach (access). 
-stante, ADJ. : approaching (near) ; nearly 
like ; pliant (supple) : persona — , near rel- 
ative, ll-stare [casta], TR. : accost (ap- 
proach) ; bring near ; be like ; repl. : ap- 
proach (draw near); conform or ally one's 
self, -statura, P. : approach ; connec- 
tion, -stevolef, ADJ. : of easy approach. 
accos-to, prep, or ADV. : beside ; near 
(close to). -tolatura, P. : wrinkle 

accostn-mauzaf, F. : custom ; practice. 
Il-mare [costume], TR.f: accustom (in- 
ure) ; REPL. : accustom or inure one's self. 
-matamentef, ADV. : usually, -mato, 
ADJ.: accustomed (customary, usual) ; civil. 

accoto-nare [eotone], TR. : raise the nap 

accova«-«tare [covaccio], REFL.: lie 
down in a lair ; cower down ; crouch. 
-eiolare, REPL. : nestle (squat down). 

accovonare [covone], TR. : bind up in . 

accoz-zabile, ADJ. : that may be gathered. 
-zaglicL, P. : congregation (mass, mob). 
-zam^nto, M. : gathering (collection, 
mass). Il-zare [eozzo], TR. : throw to- 
gether (join indiscreetly); gather; refl. : 
congregate (gather), -zatore, M. : gath- 
erer, accoz-zo, M. : gathering (crowd). 

accredi-tare [credito], TR, : accredit. 



-tato, ADJ. : accredited ; authorized ; 

ac-crescenzaf, P. : increase. ||=cre- 
scere, lER. ; TR. : inCBEASE (augment). 
-crescimento, M. : increase (growth). 
-crescitivamente, ADV. : increasingly. 
-crescitivo, ADJ. : increasing, -cre- 
scitore, M. : inoreaser. -cresciuto, 
PART. : increased (grown). 

accresparef, TR. : crisp (curl). 

accu^—eiare [cuccia], refl.: -eiolare, 
REFL. : crouch (lie down). 

accndire [L. -dere {cudere, forge), join], 
INTB. : attend (to work) ; apply one's self. 

accu-lare [culo], TR. : place with the 
back against ; move back ; place ; refl. : 
rear; sit^ on the haunches (squat down); 
take one's lodgings, -lattare, tr. : dump 
down on the back. 

accumu-lamento, M. : accumulation. 
Il-lare [cumulo], TR. : accumulate (heap 
up), -latore, M., -latri«e, P.: accu- 
mulator. -Iazi6ue, P. : accumulation. 

accu-ratamente, ADV. : accurately. 
-ratezza, P. : accuracy; diligence. ll-rtU 
to [cura], ADJ. : accurate (careful). 

accu-sa, P. : accusation (charge), -sa^ 
bile, ADJ. : accusable. -samento, M. : 
accusation, -sante, M., P. : accuser. 
Il-sare [L. (causa, CAUSE)], TR. : accuse 
(impeach); reproach; confess (i.e. accuse 
one's self); acknowledge (a letter); own; 
EEPL. : accuse or blame one's self; confess. 
-sativo, M. : accusative (case), -satore, 
M., -satora, P. : accuser, -satorio, 
ADJ.: accusatory. -satri«e, P. : accuser. 
-sazionef, P. : accusation, -sanzaf, 
p. : imputation. 

aeefalo [Gr. a-, not, kephaU, head], adj. : 

a«er-baineiite, ADV. : with acerbity 
(sharply); prematurely, -betto, adj.: 
sourish (tartish). -bezza, F. : acerbity 
(asperity); tartness, -bita, P. : acerbity 
(asperity). ||a«er-bo [L. -bus (acer, 
sharp)], adj. : acerb (sour) ; harsh (severe). 

a«ero pj. acer], M. : maple-tree. 

a-eerrimo [sup. of acre], ADJ. : most sour. 

a«ertello [?], M. : kestrel (hawk). 

a-eervot, M. : heap (pile). 

a-ee - tabolo, -tabnlo, M. : vinegar 
cruet, -t&to, adj.: acid (sour); tart. 
-tificazione, F. : acetification. -tiref, 
become acid (sour). ||a-e6-to [L. -turn 
(acer, sharp)], M. : vinEGAR. -tosa, p.: 
acid drink; sorrel (plant), -tosella, p.: 
wild sorrel (plant), -tosita, p.: acidity. 
-toso, adj. : acetous (acid, sourish). 

Aoh-eron-te, F. : Acheron (river in the 
Nether World) ; infernal regions, -teo, 
adj. : Acheron tic (infernal). 

Ac/iille, M. : Achilles. 


aei-detto, dim. of -do. -dezza, P. : 
acidity, -dificare, TR. : acidify, -di- 
fioazione, P. : acidification. -dino, 
ADJ.: sourish. -dit&, P.: acidity. Haei- 
do [L. -dug (root ac-, be sharp)], ADJ.: 
acid (sour, tart) ; M. : acid, -dnlare, 
TR. : acidulate. a«i-dalo, adj. : slight- 
ly acid (sourish), -dnme, M. : acid mat- 
^«i-no [L. -nus], M. : grape-stone, -no- 
sof, adj. : full of grape-stones. 
acoxtito [L. -tuiri], M. : aconite (plant). 
acotiledone [6r. a-, not, kotyleddn, cup- 
shaped], adj. : acotyledonous. 
ac-qaa [L. aqua], P. : water ; rain : — 
cedrata, lemonade ; — eoncia, perfumed 
water ; — dolce, fresh water ; — di latte, 
buttermilk ; whey; — morta, stagnant 
water ; — pazza, diluted wine ; — rosa 
(or rosata), rose-water; — viva, spring 
water; far — , (nav.) leak, -qnac- 
cfciarof, befl. : hide one's self, -qnae- 
■eia, P. : disp. of -qua: bad (muddy, 
putrid) water, -qnaeedrataio [cedro, 
citron], M. : (ambulant) vender of drinks 
(as lemonades, etc.). -qnagliare, TR. : 
curdle, -qnaio, M. : water-pipe (con- 
duit) ; draining ditch ; sink ; greed. 
-qnaiolo, M., -qnaiola, F. : water- 
vender ; ADJ. : aquatic, -qaamariua, 
P. : aquamarine (gem). -qna=pen- 
dentef, M.: declivity, -qna^p^ndere, 
INTB. : slope towards the water, be decli- 
vous ; M. : declivity. -quaref, tb. : 
water ; (nav.) take in water, -quarello 
= -querello. 

acqnartie-ramento, M. : lodging. || -ra- 
re [quartiere], te. : provide with quarters 
or lodging (lodge). 

acqu- [aequo] : =arzeiitet, M. : brandy. 
-astrinof. M. : niarsh (bog) ; adj. : 
marshy, -ata, P.: heavy shower; (nav.) 
water-supply, -atioo, adj. : aquatic. 
-atile, adj. : aquatic (watery), -atof, 
PABT. : watered. 

acquattare [quatto], BEPL. : squat 

acqua=Tite, P. : brandy, -zzone, M. : 
heavy burst of rain, -zzosot, ADJ. : rainy. 

acque- [acqua] : -dotto [L. ductus, led], 
M. ^ aqueduct, '-o, adj. : aqueous (watery). 
-re««ia, F. : ewer ; basin, -rella, P. : 
light rain; water-colourst. -rellare, 
TR. : paint in water-colours, -rello, M. : 
aquarelle (painting in water-colours); 
watery or diluted winef. -rngiola, p. : 
drizzling rain. 

acquetare, poet, for acquietare. 

acquetta [acqua], p. : light shower ; 

acqni- [aequo]: -«ella, p.: light rain. 
-doe-eio [ducere, lead], m. : drain (water- 


conduit); AQUEDncrf. -dosof, adj.: 
aqueous : humid (damp), -dotto = ague- 
doUo. -drinosof ^ aequitrinoso. 

aoquie-scenza, p. . acquiescence, -ta- 
mento, M. : quieting ; quiet (tranquillity). 
Il-tare \L. quietus, quiet], tr. : quiet 
(calm, appease, pacify). 

acqui-remte [L. -rere {qucerere, seek), 
acquire], M. : acquirer (buyer), -sire, 
TR. : acquire (purchase), -sitivo, adj. : 
entitling (to acquire or possess), -sito, 
ADJ. : acquired ; m. : acquisition, -sta- 
bile, ADJ. : acquirable (obtainable). 
-stamentot, M. : acquest (purchase). 
'-stare, TR. : acquire (purchase); fon- 
quer. -statore, M. : purchaser, -sto- 
Tole, ADJ. : acquirable, -sto, M. : acqui- 
sition (purchase). 

aoqn-itrino, M. : marsh (bog), -itri- 
noso, ADJ. : marshy (boggy), -olina, F . : 
light rain, -osita, F. : aquosity (wateri- 
ness). ||-6so \acqua\, adj. : aqueous (wat- 

a-cre [L. acer], adj. : acrid (pungent, 
sharp, harsh), -credine, F. : acrimony 
(sharpness), -cremente, adv. : sharply 
(harshly), -orezza, P. : sharpness, -cri- 
monia, F. : acrimony (sharpness), -mo- 
nicof, ADJ. : acrimonious. 

acro-'bata [6r. dkros, high, bdinein, go], 
M. : acrobat, -baticamente, ADV. : 
acrobatically, -batico, ADJ. : acrobatic. 

acromatico [Gr. a-, not, chroma, colour], 
ADJ.: achromatic. 

acropoli [Gr. -lis], P. : acropolis (high 

acTostico [Gr. dkros, extreme, stichos, 
line], M. : acrostic. 

acroterio [Gr. dkros, high], M. : acrote- 
rium (pedestal). 

a-cnire [L. acus, sharp point], tr. ; 
sharpen (whet), -cnitaf, -cnitadef, 
-cuitatet, P. : acuteness (sharpness). 
-cnleo, M. : goad (sting) ; prickle. 
-came, M. : acumen ; sharp pointf. -on- 
minare, TR. : sharpen. 

acdstica [Gr. akouein, hear], P. : acous- 

acn-tamente, adj. : acutely (sharply). 
-t=angolo, ADJ. : with acute angles. 
-tezza, F. : acuteness (sharpness, wit). 
Il-to [L. acus, sharp point], adj. : acute 
(pointed, sharp ; shrill), -ziangolof = 

ad [L.], PREP. : for a before vowel sound. 

ad-aq;aamento, M. : watering (irriga- 
tion). Ilracqnare, TR. : water ; irrigate. 
-acquatara, F. : watering. 

ad-ag^are, TE. . place gently or with 
care '; lay down ; make comfortable ; repl.: 
lie down (comfortably), -agiatot, adj. : 
laid down ; comfortable (easy) ; in an 



easy position, -agino, adj. : very gently 
or softly. ||=agid, ADV. : slowly ; gently ; 

adamante [Gr. -mas], m. : diamond. 
-tino, ADJ. : adamantine. 

Ada-mo, M. : Adam, -mitioo, ADJ. : 

adasperaref, TR. : exasperate. 

adastaref, TR. : hasten. 

ad - astiamento f, M. : spite ; envy. 
||=astiare, TR. : envy. 

adat-tabile, adj. : adaptable, -tabi- 
lita, F. : adaptability, -tam^nto, M. : 
-tanzat, P. : adaptation. ||-t4re [L. 
aptus, apt], TR. : adapt (adjust, fit, accom- 
modate), -taziouef, P. : adaptation. 
-tato, ADJ.: adapted (fit, proper); skilful. 
adat-to, ADJ. : apt (fit). 

ad^dare, IRR. ; refl. : addict one's self ; 

addaziare [dazio], TR. : subject to toll 
or duty. 

ad-debit&re, TR. : indebt ; impute. ll=de- 
bito, M. : imputation. 

addeboliret, -bilirot == iiidebolire. 

adde-eimaret, TR. : tithe. 

adden-samento, M. : thickening. ||-sa- 
re [denso], make dense (thicken). 

adden-tare [dente], TR. : seize with the 
teeth (bite), -tatura, F. : seizing with 
the teeth ; notch, -tellare, TE. : indent 
(dovetail); provide with toothing-stones. 
-tellato, M. : toothing-stone ; corner- 

ad=dentro, adv. : inwardly ; within. 
-dentrare, REPL. : ENTER (into). 

adde-strabile, adj. : teachable, -stra- 
mento, M. : preparing (instruction). 
Il-strare [destro], make skilful (drill, 
instruct; prepare); break in (a horse); 
REFL. : practice (exercise), -stratoret, 
M. : teacher ; gentleman usher ; groom. 

addetto {addire], ADJ. : assigned ; per- 
taining; attached. 

addi or a di: 'at the day'; date. 

addiac-eiaref, etc. = agghiacciare, etc. 

addiacentef, ADJ. : adjacent. 

ad=dietro, adv. : behind; backwards: per 
V — , formerly (heretofore); essere — con, 
be behind in; dare — , go backwards; met- 
tere — , neglect ; tenere — , hold back (re- 

addimand. .f ^ addomand. . 

addimest. .f = addomest. . 

ad=dio, adv. : ADIEU (farewell). 

addire [L. ad-decere], REFL.; be proper 
or suitable ; become (suit). 

addirimpettof, PREP. : over against. 

ad=dirittnra, adv. : directly ; openly ; 

addiriz-zamento, M. : straightening; 
direction. ||-zare [diritta], tk. : make 



straight (straighten); set right (correct); 
instruqt; raisef; directt, applyf; dedicate; 
BEPL. : become straight (straighten out); 
mend, -zatoio, M. : bodkin (to dress 
the hair), -zatore, M., -zatri-ee, F. : 
straightener ; arranger. -zatnra, P.: 
straightening (correcting); parting of the 

addi-tamento, M. : pointing out. ||-tare 
[dito], TB. : point out (indicate), -tatore, 
M. : pointer out (indicator). 

addittof, ADJ. : assigned ; dedicated ; des- 

addiveniret = avvenire. 

addi-zioraale, ADJ.: additional, -ziona- 
re, TB. : add together (sum up), -zione 
[L. ad-dere, add], p. : addition. 

addo'b-'bain ento, M. : ornament ; attire. 
-bare [?], TB. : adorn (declc, decorate); 
adapt. -bat6re, M. : omamenter. ad- 
dob-bo, M. : decoration (finery); orna- 
mental furniture. 

addo«ilire [doeile], TR. : render docile; 

addogaref, TB. : stripe. 

addol-care [doleo], TB. : soften (turn 
mild). -«iiiiento, M.: sweetening (soften- 
ing), --eire [dolce], TR.: sweeten (soften); 
alleviate; content, -citivo, adj. : soften- 
ing; lenitive. 

addolorare [dolore], TB. : aiflict ; tor- 
ment ; BEPL. . be afflicted (grieve). 

addomand. .f = domand. . 

addome [L. abdomen], M. : abdomen. 

adomesti-cabile, ADJ. : that may be 
domesticated (tamable), -cameuto, M. : 
domesticating (taming). ||-€are [domes- 
iico], TB. : domesticate (tame); cultivate; 
civilize ; soften ; familiarize : — con, be 
domesticated, etc.; grow familiar, -cato, 
ADJ. : domesticated (tame) ; familiar, -ca- 
tore, M. : tamer, -catara, P. : domes- 
tication (taming) ; civilizing, -cfoire, TR.: 
render less rough (soften); domesticate. 

ad-dominale, ADJ. : abdominal. ||-d6- 
mine =: -dome. 

addoppare [dopo], BEPL. : hide one's self 

addop-piamento, M. : doubling. Il-pia- 
re [doppio], TB. : double, fredouble ; fold. 
-piatore, M., -piatora, F. : one who 
doubles, -piatnra, P. : (re)doubling. 

addormen-tare [addormire], TB. : put 
to sleep (lull); make drowsy or lazy; as- 
suage ; BEPL. : go to sleep ; be benumbed ; 
die : -tarsi nel Signore, die in the Lord 
(die in peace), -tato, adj. : sleepy (drow- 
sy); lazy, -tatore, M. : one that lulls 
asleep ; tiresome person ; opiate. 

addormiref, BEPL.: fall asleep. 

ad-dossamemto, M. : burdening ; burden 
(charge), -dossare, tb. : load upon one's 


back (load, charge); bepl. : take upon 
one's shoulder, or upon one's self; take 
charge of. ||=d6sso, ADV. : upon (one's) 
back; upon or about (one); at: abbaiare 
— , bark at ; dare — , fall upon ; assail ; 
accuse; mettere — , charge with (impute); 
mettere le mani — , lay hold of, apprehend; 
porre gli oechi — a, cast an eye upcm ; 
dare — a, assail ; harm, wrong ; accuse. 

addotto, PART, of addurre. 

addotto-ramento, M. : making a doctor. 
Il-rare [dottore], TB. : make or create a 
doctor ; doctor ; (iron.) doctor ( = teach 
evil), -rate, adj. : created doctor. 

addottri-namento, M. : instruction ; 
erudition. ||-nare [dottrinare], TB. : in- 
struct (teach); bepl.: study, -nata- 
mente, adv.: learnedly, -nato, adj.: in- 
structed; learned, -naturaf,?.: learning. 

addrappellaref, TB. : form in line of 

addr(i)etot = addietro. 

addnaref, TR. : couple. 

ad=ducere [L.] = addurre. -dneibile, 
adj. : adducible. 

addnrare = indurare. 

ad-durre \], IBB.§; TB. : bring 
(on) ; produce ; convey ; cite ; allege. 
-dnssi, pret. -duttore, M. : abductor. 

§ Pret. addus-si, -se; -sero. Fut. addurrd. 
Cond. addurrei. Part.: additto, 

ad-eguamento, M. : equalizing ; even- 
ness. Il-egnare [L.fEgiiare, make EQUAL), 
TB. : equalize (balance) ; proportion ; level. 
-egnatamemte, ADJ. : equally ; propor- 

ad-empibile, ADJ. : feasible. Ihem- 
piere or zempire, IBB.; TB.: fulfil (ac- 
complish, execute), -empimientot, M. : 
fulfilling, -empitoret, M. : accomplisher. 
-empinto, ADJ. : fulfilled (accomplished). 

adentrof, ADJ. : entered ; ADV. : within. 

adeqn. .f ^ adegu. . 

aderbaref, TB. : feed with grass. 

ade-rente [aderire], adj.: adherent; M. 
adherent ; favourer, -renza, p. : adher- 
ence; attachment. 

ad=ergere, IBB. ; TB. : raise up, extol. 

ad-erimentof, M.: adherence. Il-erire 
[L. ad-hcerere], INTR. : adhere (stick); 
consent; approve, -erito, adj.: attached 
(to a party, etc.) ; consented to. 

ad-esoamento, M. : bait (allurement). 
il-escare [esca], TB.: bait (allure, entice). 
-escatore, M. : allurer. 

ad-esione [-erirc], P.: adhesion (adhere- 
ment); consent, -esivo, adj.: adhesive 
(adherent). -6so, adj. : attached. 

adespoto [Gr. a- not, despdtes, master] ; 
adj. : without the author's name (said of 
books, etc.). 

adesso [L. ad ipsum, 'at same,' sc, tern- 


pus, time], adv.: at the instant; now; 
alwayst : adess" — , just now, presently. 

adia-«ente [L. jacere, lie], ADJ. : adja- 
cent (contignous). -«enza, F. : adjacency 

adianto [L. -tus], u. : maidenhair (fern). 

adiettiv. . t = aggettiv. . 

adimaret, TR. : bring or cast down ; bend. 

adi-pe [L. adeps], M. : fat (grease), -po- 
sita, F. : adiposity (fetness). -poso, 
ADJ. : adipose (fat). 

adi-ramento, M. : anger. ||-rape [ira], 
KEPL. : grow angry or irate, -rata- 
mente, ADV. : angrily, -rato, adj. : 

adire [L. ad-ire, go to], TR. : come into 
the possession of (an inheritance) ; inherit. 

adirosot, ADJ. : irascible (hasty). 

adi-to, FART, of adire. adi-to, M. : ac- 
cess (entry); opportunity. 

adint. . t, adinv. . = aiut. . 

adizione [adire], F. : accession (to prop- 
erty); inheritance. 

adizzaret = aizzare. 

adoffaret ^ addobbare. 

adoc-o/tiamento, M. : look (glance, 
gaze). Il-c/iiare [occhio, eye], TR. : eye 
(look or stare at). 

adole-scente [L. -scens], ADJ. : adoles- 
cent ; M. : youth ; young man. -scenza, 
F. : youth. 

adom-lirainento, M. : shadowing (um- 
brage). Il-brare [omira], TR. : shade; 
overshadow; obfuscate; blind; shadowforth 
(sketch, delineate); fancy ; suspect ; tsym- 
bolize. -Irazione, F. : adumbration ; 
umbrage ; faint sketch. 

adonaref, TR. : subdue ; oppress ; refl. : 
be subdued (be humbled); surrender. 

Adone, M. : Adonis. 

ad=onestare, TR. : make appear honest ; 

adonide [-ne], F. : adonide (plant). 

adon-tare [o7i2a], REFL. : be indignant 
(be offended), -tosof, adj.: insulting 

adop(e)-rabile, adj. : that can be used : 
-ramento, M. : use. ||-rare [opera},TR. : 
make use of (employ); refl.: exert one's 
self (endeavour), -rato, adj. : used (em- 
ployed), -rataret, M. : operator, -ra- 
zionef, F. : use ; exertion. 

ado-rabile, ADJ. : adorable, -rabilita, 
F. : adorableness. -ramento, M. : adora- 
tion, -rante, H. : adorer ; worshipper. 
Il-rare [L. (orare, pray)], TR. : adore, 
worship, -ratore, M. : adorer ; worship- 
per, -ratoriot, M.: oratory; temple (for 
idols). -ratri«e, F. : (female) adorer or 
worshipper, -razione, F. : adoration 

adordinaret, REFL. : prepare one's self. 

aereostato 13 

adorezzare, INTR. : be shady. 

ador-rnabile, ADJ. : that may be adorned. 
-namente, ADV. : elegantly ; neatly. 
-namento, M. : adornment (ornament), 
ll-nare [ornare], TR. : adorn (deck, em- 
bellish), -natamente, ADV. : in an orna- 
mental manner (elegantly), -nato, adj. : 
adorned ; M.f : adornments, -natore, M. : 

adot-tamento, M. : adoption, -tante, 
ADJ.: adopting; m. : adopter. ||-tare[cf. 
ottare\, TR. : adopt. -(tat)tivo, ADJ. : 
adoptive, -zione, F. : adoption. 

adovraret ^ adoprare. 

adrof ^ atro. 

adng-giamento, M. : blighting shade. 
Il-giare [uggia], TR. : overshade; blight. 

adnjrnaret = augnare. 

adn-lante, ADJ.: flattering (adulatory): 
tflatterer. || [L. -lari], TE. : flatter. 
-latore, M. : flatness, -latorio, adj. : 
adulatory (flattering). -latriee, p. : 
flatterer, -lazione, P. : adulation (flat- 

adnlte- ramento, M. : adulteration. 
-rare, TR. : adulterate ; falsify ; flNTR. . 
commit adultery, -ratj^e, M. ; adulterer. 
-ratriee, F. : adulteress, -razione, F. : 
adulteration (corruption) ; forgery, -rino, 
ADJ. : adulterine ; counterfeit, adnlte- 
rio, M. : adultery. ||adnlte-ro [L. ad 
to, niter for alter, another], adj. : adul- 
terous ; M.t : adulterer. 

adulto [L. -tus (ad-olescere, grow)], adj. : 
adult (grown up). 

adu-namento, M. : uniting (assembling) ; 
collection -nanza, F. : meeting (assem- 
bly), ll-nare [L. ad, to unus, one], TR. : 
UNITE (bring together, assemble.convoke); 
REFL. : come together (assemble, meet). 
-nata, F. : assembly (meeting), -natore, 
M.: collector, -nazionef, F.: union (col- 

ad-nncaref, TR.: bend into a hook (curve). 
Il-nnco [L. uncus, hook], adj. : aduncous 

adnnqne jli. ad tunc], CONJ. : then, there- 

adn-staret, TR.: scorch, -stezzaf, F.: 
scorching, dryness, -stivamentef, adv.: 
scorchingly ; in a dry manner. -stiTof, 
ADJ. : scorching ; dry. Ijadd-sto [L. -stus 
(urere, bum)], ADJ.: adust (scorched, 

ae-re [L. oer], M. : (poet.) air, wind. 
-reatot, ADJ. : aired. ae-reo, adj. : 
aerial. -reolito or -reolito \lithos, 
stone], M. . aerolite. -r(e)onaata [Gr. 
nautes, navigator], M. : aeronaut, -reo- 
nantica, P. : aeronautics, -reonan- 
tico, ADJ. : aeronautic(al). -reostato 
[Gr. «teid«, placed], m.: aerostat (balloon). 



-rimanzia, -romanzia [Gr. manteia, 
divination], p. : aeromanoy. -ro. . cf. 
-reo. . -roso, ADJ. : airy ; sprightly ; 

aescaref =: adescdre. 

at- for Lat. ad, 'to,' in composition. 

a-fa [? Gr. haphe, kindling], P. : sultry or 
suffocating heat (sultriness) : fare — , an- 
noy, tire, disgust, -fato, ADJ.: withered 
(blighted); weak. -tatAc-eio'f, adj.: 
languid (sickly). 

afelio [Gr. ap6, from, helios, sun], M. : 

afdresi [Gr. apt, from, airetn, take], M. : 

affalii-le [L. fari, speak], ADJ. : affable 
(easy of approach), -lita, p. : affability. 
-Imente, ADV. : affably (courteously). 

affa«ee]i-dainejito, M. : busy occupa- 
tion (diligence). ||-dare [faccenda'], 
EBPL. : be .very busy (hustle about), -da- 
to, ADJ. : very busy ; occupied, -dona, 
P., -done, M. : very busy person. 

affa«cettare = sfaccettdre. 

affaccTi-inare [facchino], refl. : work 
hard (like a 'porter') ; toil (drudge). 

affa-e-eiamento, M. : smoothing. H-eia- 
re ifaccia], repl. : show one's self ; look 
out; appear; present one's self; aspire. 
-eiatamente, ADV. : boldly, -eiato, 
ADJ.: bold. 

affagottare [fagotto], TB. : bundle up. 

afPaitaro t, BEFL. : adorn one's self ; con- 
form one's self. 

affal-dare [falda], TK. : fold up (plait). 
-dellare, TR. : fold, wrap up. 

affialsaref, TE. : falsify, adulterate. 

affa-mare [fame}, TR. : PAMISH ; starve ; 
make htogry. -mato, ADJ. : famished 
(starved) ; needy ; wretched, -matore, 
M. : famisher. -matuzzof, ADJ. : starved- 
looking (object), -miref, intr. : starve. 

affangaref, TR. : splash with mud (soil). 

affan-namento, M. : anxiety ; vexation. 
-n&nte, ADJ.: suffocating; grievous, -na- 
re, TR. : suffocate ; afflict (grieve, over- 
come); REPL.: grieve (vex one's self); 
strain ; strive. -natamente, ADV. : 
anxiously ; grievously, -nato, adj. : suf- 
focated; grieved; anxious, -natore, 
M. : vexer. ||affan-no [?], M. . short- 
ness of breath ; anguish ; anxiety ; pain. 
-noua, P., -none, M. : troublesome per- 
son (busybody), -noneriaf. P.: meddle- 
someness, -nosamente, ADV. : with 
difficulty (of breathing) ; painfully ; anx- 
iously, -noso, ADJ.: suffocating (sultry); 
grievous (troublesome). 

affardell&re [fardello], TR. : make up 
into a bundle (bundle or pack up). 

afzfare i , M. : appair (business) ; quality 
(station, rank) : casa di mal — , brothel ; 


donna di mal — , prostitute. =faret2, 
IRR.; IMPERS., REFL.: suit (become). -fa- 
ra-eeio, M. : vrretched affair, -farino, 
M. : trifling affair (trifle), -farone, M. : 
big affair; good affair. -farn««{o, 
-fam-eeiac-eio, M. : wretched affair. 

affasciaret, TR. : tie in fagots (bundle). 

affasci-namento,M.: fascination, -nan- 
te, ADJ. : fascinating (bewitching). ||-n4- 
re Ifascino], TR.: fascinate (charm), -na- 
tore, M. : charmer (bewitoher). -natri- 
«e, P.: charmer; sorceress, -nazionet, 
F. : fascination. 

affa-stellare [fastello], TR. : make a 
bundle of; jumble together, -stellio, 
M. : jumble. 

affastidi(a)ret, TR. : trouble (vex). 

affataref, TR. : charm ; render invulner- 
able ; bewitch ; embellish. 

affati-camento, M. : fatiguing ; tired- 
ness ; toil. II -care [faticd], TR. : fatigue 
(tire) ; harass ; repl. : toil ; strive, -ca- 
to, ADJ. : fatigued (weary) ; harassed. 
-cAevolef, ADJ. : fatiguing (wearisome) ; 
painstaking. -c6sot, ADJ. : fatiguing ; 

af=fatto, ADV.: perfectly; entirely; quite; 
at all : niente — , nothing at all. 

affattu-ramentot, M. : sorcery. ||-rare 
[fattura], tr. : charm (bewitch), -pa- 
zionef, F. : sorcery. 

afFazo-namentot, M. : ornament. Il-na- 
re t [fazione], TR. : adorn (embellish). 

af=f e t, ADV. : in faith ; upon my faith. 

affegataref, REFL. : be afflicted. 

affer-mamentof, M.: affirmation, -nxan- 
te, ADJ. : affirmative. ||-mare [Jirmare], 
TE. : affirm (assert) ; EEPL.t : become 
firm or strong; be confirmed, -mata- 
mente, ADV.: affirmatively; assuredly. 
-mativo, ADJ.: affirmative (positive). 
-mativa, F. : affirmative, -matore, 
M., -matriee, P. : a person who affirms 
(maintainer). -mazione, P. : affirma- 

affer-r amenta, M. : grasping, -ran- 
te, ADJ.: grasping; M. : battle horsef. 
II -rare [ferro], TR.: grapple (grasp, 
gripe) ; comprehend ; hold ; (nas.) land. 
-ratoiof, M. : grappling-iron; tongs. 
-ratore, M., -ratri«e, P. : grappler. 

affet-tamentof, M. : affectation ; adorn- 
ment, jl-tare [i. -to; 2. fetta], TR. : 
I. affect (pretend) ; pretend to (covet) ; 
adorn ; refl. : be affected ; 2. cut in slices 
(slice, cut up), -tatamente, adv. : af- 
fectedly; eagerly, -tato, adj.: 1. af- 
fected; 2. sliced, -tatoref, M., -ta- 
tpi«et, F. : affected person, -tatdra, 
P.: slicing, -tatuzzo, adj.: much af- 
fected, -tazione, F. : affectation. 

affet-tivo, adj.: affecting (touching). 


II affet-to pj. affectui (af-ficere, touch)], 
ADJ. : AFFECTED (touohed) ; burdened ; M. : 
affection (passion, tenderness) ; desire. 
-tnosamente, adv. : affectionately (ten- 
derly), -tnosita, P. : affectionateness 
(affection), -tudso, adj. : affectionate 
affezio-nare, TR. : make affectionate or 
fond (enamour) ; repl. : get fond of (be- 
come attached to, fall in love), -nata- 
mente, adv. : affectionately (fondly). 
-nato, ADJ. : affectionate (fond), -n-eel- 
la, P.: slight affection. ||affezi6-ne 
[affetto], P. : affection (tenderness ; mor- 
bid condition); (matA.)t property; (ffram.)t 
inflection, -nevolef, ADJ. : affectionate, 

affiammaret = inflammare. 
affiatare \Jiato\, repl. : become confident 
or familiar. 

affib-biagliot, M. : buckle (clasp), -bia- 
mento, M. : buckling, jj-biare [jihbid\, 
TR. : buckle (clasp) ; button : -biarla ad 
uno, play one a trick, -biatoiof, M. : 
buckle, -biatnra, p. : buckling (clasp- 
ing) ; clasping part (of a dress) ; hooks 
and eyest; buttonsf. 
af=ficcaTet, TR. : thrust in ; fix. 
affi-dare [fede], TR. : conPlDB ; entrust ; 
repl. : confide (one's self) ; trust ; rely. 
-dato, ADJ.: confided; trusty; certain; 
U. : confidant, trusty friend, -datamen- 
tet, ADV.: confidently. 
affiebolaref, INTS. : debilitate. 
affie-nare [Jieno], TR. : fodder; forage. 
-nata, F. : foraging. -nire, intr. : 

afflevo-limento, M. : weakness, jl-lire 
[Jievolel, TR. : enfeeble (weaken) ; intr., 
REPL. : grow weak (weaken). 
af=figeere, KR. ; TR. : stick up (placards, 
etc.);' post; fix; fastenf; nailf; RBPL.f: 
look fixedly (stare) ; apply one's self. 
affignraref [flgura'], TR. : recognize ; 
recollect ; repl. : fancy. 
affi-lamento, M. : arranging in files; 
whetting. Ij-lare [fila], TK. : arrange 
in a file or row ; file (sharpen, whet) ; 
INTR.t : file (march in files), -lata, P. : 
slight sharpening (setting). -14to, ADJ.: 
arranged in a file ; sharp(ened) ; long and 
thin (face), -latura, P. : sharpening ; 
sharp edge, -lettare, TB.: (mas.) smooth 
(the points between brick with the trow- 
el) ; tie (the threads of a net), -letta- 
tnra, P. : smoothing, etc. (cf. -lettare). 
affi-liare [h.filius, son], TR. : take in as 
a member (in a society, etc.) ; associate ; 
REPL. : join. -liazione, P. : associa- 
tion; society. 

affi-namento, M. : refinement. II -na- 
pe [fine}, TR. : refine; purify; sharpen; 

affogatoio 15 

REPL. : become refined or purified, -na- 
toio, M. : crucible (melting-pot), -ma- 
tore, M. : refiner, -natura, p. : refine- 

affin-cTiet [a fi,ne che], adv. : to the end 
that ; in order to ; that, -e i di = a 
fine di, in order that. 

affi-ue2 [L. af-finis ('to-border'), neigh- 
bouring], adj.: kindred (akin); M. : kins- 
man (relation), -nissimo, adj. : very 
closely akin, -nita, P.: affinity (kindred). 

affio-oaiiientot,M.: hoarseness. ||-caret 
[fioco], mTR.: get hoarse, -catot, adj.: 
hoarse, -caturaf, p.: hoarseness. -cM- 
mento, M. : becoming hoarse (hoarse- 
ness). -cTiire, INTR., REPL. : get hoarse. 

affioratof, ADJ.: ornamented or embroi- 
dered with flowers ; damasked. 

affirmaref = affermare. 

af-fisare = fissare. -fissamentof, M. : 
gazing at. =fissaret, TB. : aflix ; fix 
one's eyes upon (gaze at) ; eefl. : apply 
one's self. -Kssi, pret. of -figgere. -fls- 
sioue, F. : affixing. ||-fisso [part, of 
-figgere], adj. : fixed (fastened) ; eager ; 
M. : placard (bill) ; affix. 

affit-tai(n)6lD, M.: tenant (lease-holder). 
-tante, M. : landlord, -tare, TR. : lease 
(rent); hire; freight; repl.: be let (let). 
-tatore, M.: leaser; landlord; freighter. 
-tazionef. P.: leasing, -tevolef, adj.: 
to be leased or let out. -tire,TE.: render 
thick or frequent ; intr., repl. : grow 
thick or frequent. ||a£Kt-to [fitto], adj.: 
affixed (fastened); M.: lease; rent, -tua- 
let, M. : tenant ; farmer, -tnario, M., 
-tuaria, P.: lease-holder; tenant (renter). 

af-fliggente, ADJ. : afflicting (painful). 
Il-fliggere [L./ijrere, strike], IRR.§; TR.: 
afflict', grieve, torment ; repl.: be afflicted 
(grieve), -flissi, pret. of -fiiggere. -fflit- 
tivo, ADJ.: afflicted; grievous, -flit- 
to, PART, of -fiiggere. -flizione, P.: af- 
fliction. -flizioii«elIa, P.: dim. of -fii- 

§ Pret. afflis-si, -se ; -sero. Part, ajffliiio. 

a£Eloscire [fioscio], INTR. : become flabby 
or loose. 

afflu-ente, ADJ.: affluent (abundant). 
-entemente, ADV.: abundantly, -enza, 
P.: affluence (abundance). ||-ire [L. 
fluere, flow], intr. : flow on or together ; 
flow in abundance (abound), '-sso, m. : 
afflux; congestion. 

affocare [fuoco], TB.: set on fire (inflame). 

affo-gagginef or -gagionef, F., -ga- 
iueiito','M.: suffocation.' ||-gare [fogo], 
TB.: sufFOCATE (smother) ; drown; repl.: 
be suffocated or stifled, -gate, adj. : 
suffocated ; extinguished ; overloaded ; f u- 
riousf: uova — te, poached eggs, -ga- 
t6io, M.: place of suffocation, (fig.) oven. 



affol-lare [folia], TR. : crowd together; 
throng; stuif. -latamente, adv.: in a 
crowd; greedily. 

affol-tamentot, M. : thickening ; precipi- 
tation. II -tare t, TR. : crowd or press 
upon ; inte. : hurry, -tataf, F. : haate, 

affon-damento, M. : foundering (sink- 
ing). Il-dare tfondo], intr. : founder 
(go to the 'bottom,' sink); te.: sink, -da- 
to, ADJ. : sunk ; shipwrecked ; ruined. 
-datore, M. : sinker; wrecker, -datu- 
ra, F. : sinking, -dof for afondo. 

afForestierare [forestiere], INTR.: be- 
come a stranger. 

af=fortiflo&re, TR. : fortify. 

af=fortnnata, ADJ. : fortunate. 

affor-zat, ADV. : by force, -zamentof, 
M.: fortifying, -zarof, te. : strengthen, 

affos-samento, M. : ditch ; trench (in- 
trenchment). ||-sape [fossa], TR.: ditch ; 
intrench, -satura, F. : intrenchment. 

affirapneref := affrangere. 

affra-laret, -liref, TR. : enfeeble. 

affran-cabile, ADJ.: capable of being 
freed, -cam^nto, M. : freeing (eman- 
cipating), jl-cape [franco], TR. : free 
(franchize, emancipate); eefl.: be freed ; 
become vigorous, -cato, adj. : freed ; 
M. : freeman. 

af=frangeret, IRE.; TR.: break; violate. 
-franto', PART. : broken ; fatigued. 

affrapparet, te. : cut (mince). 

affratel-lamento, M. : brotherly affec- 
tion (intimacy). ||-lare [fratello], te. : 
make brothers ; eefl. : become brothers 
(in affection). 

affreddaref, TR. : cool. 

affre-namentot, M. : check (restraint). 
-naret, TR. : bridle (curb, check). 

af=fresco, M. : fresco. 

affiret-taiii£iito,M.: hurry (speed), -tan- 
za, F. : hurry. ||-tare [fretta], TE. : 
urge (hurry, speed, despatch), -tata- 
montef, ADV.: hurriedly, -tosof, adj. : 
hasty (hurried). 

affrico [L. -cus], M. : south-wind. 

affrittellare [frittello], TE.: fry (eggs) ; 

affron-tamento, M. : affront ; assault. 
Ij-taro [fronte], TE. : affront ; assault 
(attack) ; eefl. : meet face to face ; as- 
sault each other, -tataf, F. : assault ; 
encounter, -tatof, adj. : affronted ; as- 
saulted ; face to face. afFron-to, M. : 
affront (insult). 

affami-canieiito, M.: fumigation. ||-oa- 
po [fumo], TE. : fumigate ; smoke dry. 
-c4ta, p. : fumidity. -catura,F.: fumi- 
gation (smoking). 

affn-sare [fuso], TR.: form into a spindle 


or shaft (taper), -sato, part. : taper- 
ing, -sell&re or -soUare = -sare. 

a.t=ta.Bto, M. : gun-carriage. 

afonia, F.: aphony. Ijafono [Gr. a-, not, 
phone, voice], adj. : aphonous (voiceless). 

afo-rismo [Gr. aphorismos, definition], 
M. : aphorism, -ristico, ADJ. : aphor- 
istic(al). -ristioamente, adv.: aphor- 

afoso [afa], ADi. : suffocating (sultry). 

a-frettof, ADJ. : sourish, -frezzaf, F. : 
sourness; asperity. Il-firof, adj.: sour 

afrodisiaco [Afrodite], adj. : aphrodisi- 

agame [Gr. a-, not, gdmos, marriage], F. : 

agape [Gr. agdpe, love], F. : love-feast. 

agarico [L. -cum] M. : agaric. 

agata [Gr. Aehdtes in Sicily], F. : agate.- 

agata [ago], F. : needleful. 

agave [L.], F. : agave (plant). 

a-genda [L., 'to be done'], F. : note-book 
(memorandum). ||-gente [-gire], adj. : 
acting ; active ; m. : agent ; manager, -gen- 
zia, F. : agency. 

agevo-lamento, M. : facilitation (ease). 
-lare, TE. : facilitate (help), [jagevo- 
le pj. agibilis (L. agere, act)] adj.': easy 
(manageable, practicable), -lezza, F. : 
facility (ease); civility (courtesy), -lino, 
adj.: easy, manageable. -Imente, adv.: 
easily (readily). 

aggaffaref = aecafare. 

aggallato [galla], M. : marshy ground. 

aggan-eiare [^ancio], TR.: hook, -ghe- 
rare [ganghero], TE. : hinge. 

aggavignaret, TE. : grasp (seize). 

aggeccMret, BEFl. : respond. 

ag-geggiare, intr. : (.pop.) muse j TR. : 
arrange; dress, put on. H-geggio [?], 
M. : trifle (worthless thing) ; perplexity. 

ag-gelaret, TR.: congeal (freeze), -gela- 
z'ioiiet, F. : congealment ; jelly. 

aggentiliref = ingentilire. 

ag-'gettare, INTR. : project (jut out). 
-gettiTO, ADJ., M. : adjective. ||-getto 
111. ad-jectus, 'thrown upon,' joined], M.: 
projection (prominence, jutting). 

agg/t-ermi^rliaret, TE. : grasp. 

aggMa«-eiaiiiento, F.: frost. ||-«ia- 
pe [ghiaceio], TE. : freeze (congeal). 

ag-gTtiadaret, INTR.: be frozen or be- 
numbed with cold ; be horrified. -gUa- 
dof, M. : horror. 

aggMndare [ak. to Bug. winil], te. : 
trim (adorn). 

aggia-«enzat, F.: adjacency. ||-«eret, 
IRB. ; inte. : be adjacent ; suit. 

agginoccMare t, EEFL. : kneel. 

aggio 1 1 , for ho, I have. 

aggio 2 [agio], M. : exchange ; discount. 


a^gfogare [giogo}, TR. : put the yoke on 

aggfoffliatot, ADJ. : mixed with tares. 

aggior - nam^nto, M. : adjownment ; 
Jawn. Il-nare [giorno], TR. : adjourn ; 
illuminet ; appointf ; intr., refl. : dawn. 

aggi-ramento, M.: surrounding (circum- 
venting); evasion. ||-raro [girare], TR.: 
surround (enolose) ; take in (deceive) ; intr. : 
go or roam about ; repl.: go around (ram- 
ble), -ratat, P. : turning round ; dwin- 
dling, -ratore, M., -ratri«e, P.: ram- 
bler; deceiver (swindler); bewitcher. 

aggiudi-canto, adj. : adjudicating ; M. : 
adjudicator. ||-oare [giudieare], tr. : 
adjudge (award), -oatario, M. : benefi- 
ciary (to whom a thing is adjudged), -ca- 
zione, P. : adjudication (award). 

a|!gf uj/n. .t = aggiung. . 

ag^ginngere, IRR. ; TR. : join ; add ; 
reach ; repl. : join (meet together). 
-giangimento, M;: joining; addition; 
supplement, -gidnsi, pret. of -giungere. 
-ginnta. P.: addition, -giuntare, TR.: 
join; add; sew together, -giuntatura, 
P.: joining; joint, seam, -giunto, part. 
of giungere: joined (added)'; adjunct (as- 
sistant), -ginnzionef, p.: joining; ad- 

agginraret, TR. : swear ; conjure. 

aggiu-staMle, ADJ. : adjustable, -sta- 
mento, M. : ^justment. ||-stare [giu- 
sto], TR. : adjust (set to rights); direct; 
REPL. : adjust one's self ; agree, -stata- 
mente, adv. : rightly (properly), -sta- 
tezza, P. : justice, -statore, M. : ad- 
juster (regulator), -statnra, P.: ad- 
justment, settlement. 

agglome-ramento, M. : agglomeration. 
Il-raro pj. glomus, ball], TE. : agglomer- 

agglnti-namento, M. : agglutination 
(gluing). Il-nare [glutine'], TR. : agglu- 
tinate (glue together). -nazi6ne, P. : 
agglutination (gluing; joining of words). 

aggobbire [gobbo], TR. : make hunch- 

aggomitola-re [gomitolo], TR. : make 
Into a clew or coil (wind up); repl.: form 
into clews or groups, -tnra, P. : form- 
ing into clews. 

aggotta-re [gotto], TE. : bail (a boat); 
pump, -tdra, P. : bailing. 

aggra-dare [grado i], INTR.: be agree- 
able (please), -d^vole, adj. : agreeable 
(pleasing), -devolmente, adv.: agree- 
ably, -dimento, M. : agreeableness, 
pleasure, -dire, TE. (3 Sing, -da, im- 
pers.): accept with pleasure (receive 
kindly); like, -dito, adj.: gladly ac- 
cepted; agreeable (acceptable), -dniref,' 
REPL. ; make one's self agreeable. 

aggruppamento 17 

aggraffaref, TR. : clasp. 

aggraffignare [jran^ofli TK-: claw, 
clutch; rob. 

aggrampare f = aggrappare. 

aggranaref, TE. : grain (form into 
grains); inte. : seed. 

aggrano?).i(4)re [granchio], TR. : be- 
numb with cold. 

aggran-dimento, M. : aggrandizement ; 
increase (rise). ||-dire [graTide], TR. : 
increase (enlarge); repl. : "grow. 

aggran-fiare [granfia], TE.: claw, grap- 
ple, -fijrnare, TE. : rob. 

aggrappare [grappa], TE. :" grapple ; 
grasp (catch); repl. : clutch (cling). 

aggratiref = aggradire. 

aggrati«'eiare [graticcid], "Hi.: entwine; 
REPL. : become interwoven ; be entangled. 

aggratiffliaref, TR. : fetter ; imprison. 

aggra-TamentOjM.: aggravation, -van- 
te, adj. : aggravating ; overcharging. 
Il-vare \_grave], TE. : overload (over- 
charge); aggravate; aggrieve; accuse; 
REPL. : grow heavy , be aggravated ; be 
aggrieved, -vazionef, P. : overloading ; 
aggravation, '-vio, M.: excessive burden, 
weight; aggravation; injury; imputation. 

aggra-ziare [grazia], TR. : be grateful 
or pleasing to (please), -ziatamente, 
ADV.: gratefully; pleasingly, -ziatino, 
ADJ. : pleasing (nice), -ziato, adj. : 
pleasing; graceful; genteel. 

aggredire [L. gradior, advance], TE. : 
assault ; offend, (Eng.f) aggeess. 

aggre-ga]neiito,M.: aggregation. ||-ga- 
re [L. grex, flock], TR. : aggregate, -ga- 
te, PART. : aggregated ; M. : aggregate ; 
assemblage, —gazione, P. : aggrega- 
tion ; assembly, -ggiaref, TE. : collect ; 
EEPL. : herd together. 

aggres-sione [aggredire], p. . aggres- 
sion (assault), -sore, M. : aggressor. 

aggrez-zaref, or -ziref, INTE. : be be- 
numbed with cold. 

aggriccMaret, TR. : cramp with cold. 

aggrin-zare, or-zire [grinza]yTR.: wrin- 
kle (shrivel). 

aggrizzaref, REPL. : be stiff with cold. 

aggrommaret, INTR. : get covered with 
tartar (incrustate). 

aggropparet, TR. : wrap (tie); heap. 

aggrottare [grotta], TR. : — le ciglia, 
knit one's brows (frown), embankf (a 
ditch); repairf. 

aggrotte-scaref, intr. : fall into the 
grotesque, -scatof, M. : grotesque. 

aggrovi-srliare, or -£rliolare [grovi- 
glia], TE. : curl up (twist up); entangle. 

aggru-mare [^rumo], REPL. : curdle (co- 
agulate). -inol4re [grumolo], REPL. : 
form into bunches, 

aggrnp-pamento, M.: grouping; union; 

18 aggrappare 

forming a bunch or knot. ||-p4ro [grup- 
po], TR. : group, collect, heap up ; knot 

aggmzzolare [gruzzolo], TR. : scrape 
together (hoard up). 

aggna - {/liamento, M. : equalizing. 
-j/Hauzaf, F.: equality; conformity; re- 
semblance. ||-£rliare [h.cequalis, e^jjalJ, 
TR. : equalize ; make even or smooth ; 
compare ; refl. : become equal or even ; 
compare one's self (with), -^liatamen- 
te, ADV.: equally (proportionally), -glia- 
tore, M. : equalizer, -yliazionef, F. : 
equality; conformity, aggna-grlio, M. : 

agguantare [guanto], TR. : clutch (catch 
suddenly); rob; reef. 

agguard. . f = guard. . 

ag-gnataref [OGer. wahten, watch], 
TR. : lie in wait for ; spy. -guato, M. : 

aggneffaref, TR. : join. 

agguerrire ]_guerra\, TR. : inure to war 
(harden, train). 

agguindo - lamento, M. : reeling off ; 
artiiice. ||-lare [^uijidoio], TR.: reel off; 
wind up I lead by the nose (trick), ag- 
gnindolot ^ guindolo. 

aggnstare [gusto], INTR. : give pleasure 

ag/iero [L. acer], adj. : sour (sharp). 

agh.etto \jig6\, M. : shoe-string (with 
metal point). 

agMa««iot, M. : helm (rudder). 

agMronef = airone. 

agia-ref [agio], TR. : adapt ; accommo- 
date; place, -tamente, adv.: commodi- 
ously (with ease), -tezza, p.: ease (com- 
fort); wealth, '-to, adj.: adapted; con- 
venient ; in easy circumstances (wealthy) ; 

agibilef, ADJ. : feasible. 

agi-le [L. -lis], adj.: agile (nimble), 
lively, -lita, F. : agility. -Imente, 
ADV. : nimbly. 

agio [?], M. : ease ; convenience ; comfort ; 
leisure : dar — , give time (to pay); pren- 
dei , take one's ease. 

agi-re [L. agere], TR. : ACT ; operate ; 
proceed, -tamentof, P. : action ; agita- 
tion (stir), -tare, TR. : agitate (stir, ex- 
cite); molest; plead; refl.: be agitated 
(be disturbed): — una lite, carry on a 
law-suit. -tat6re, M., -tatri«e, P. : 
agitator. -tazion«ella, P. : slight agi- 
tation, -tazione, P. : agitation. 

Agli, for a gli, to the. 

a,gli-&ta,, F. : garlic sauce, -aio, M. : 
garlic bed. -etto, M. : small or young 
garlic, -ettino, M. : little bit of a gar- 
lic. lla^rH-o [L. allium], M. : garlic. 

a^nat, P. : she-lamb. 


a£rna-to [L. -tus (natus, born)], M. : agnate 
(kinsman by the father's side), -tizio, 
ADJ. : agnatic, -zione, p..: agnation. 
a<;nel-la, P. : little she-lamb, -laio, M.: 
dealer in mutton, etc. -latura , P. : 
lambing time, -lotto , M. : lambkin. 
-lina, F. : little she-lamb, -lino, M. : 
lambkin; adj.: of lamb (lamb-). Ha^nel- 
lo [L. agnus, lamb], M. : lamb(kin). -16t- 
to, M. : big lamb ; PL. : (perh. from aneU 
lo) dumpling stuffed with meats. 

afruizionef, F. : recognition. 

a^nof, M. : lamb ; swelling. 

agnnsdei [L. Agnus Dei, 'Lamb of 
God'], M. : Agnus Dei (image of the 
Lamb ; prayer at Mass). 

ago [L. acus], M. : needle ; hand (of a 
clock); stile (of a dial); sting (of a bee, 
etc.); spire ; compass needle : — da testa, 

^gofrnare [agonia], TR. : desire anxiously 
or eagerly (long for), aspire to. 

ago-ne [Gr. agon (dgein, lead)], M. : agon 
(contest for a prize at the public games 
in Greece); (poet.) contest, fight; wres- 
tling ground; battle-field. -nia,F.: agony. 
-nista , M. : wrestler, -nistica, F. : 
agonistics (athletic exercise), -nistico, 
ADJ. : agonistic(al). -nizzante, adj. : 
agonizing ; in agony (dying), -nizzare, 
INTR. : writhe with agony, agonize, be dy- 
ing. . 

agoraio [ago], M. : needle-case ; needle- 
maker or seller. 

ago-stiniamo, ADJ. : Augustinian. -sti- 
no, ADJ. : of August (bom or ripening in 
A.). ||ag6-sto [h. Augustus], u.: August 

. (the month). 

agramente [agro], ADV. : sharply. 

agr-aria, p. : (science of) agriculture. 
-ario [L. ager, field], ADJ. : agrarian 
(agricultural), -este, adj.: agrestic 
(rural, rustic), -estementef, ADV.: ru- 
rally (rustically), -estozzaf, P. : rus- 

agr-estinot, ADJ.: sourish (tartish). 
Il-esto [agroi],u.: kind of sour grape; 
sour grape juice (verjuice), -estosof, 
ADJ.: sourish, -estnmet, M.: acid thing, 
acids, -ettino, dim. of -etto. -etto, 
ADJ.: sourish (somewhat acid); M. : acid- 
ity. -4zza, F. : sourness (acidity). 

agri- [L. ager, field] : -oolaf, M. : tiller, 
farmer (husbandman), -coltore, M. : 
agriculturer (farmer), -coltara, p. : 
agriculture (farming), -fd^lio, M.: holly. 
-mensore, M. . field -surveyor (-'meas- 
urer'), -mensnra, F. : field-surveying 

agrimoniaf. P.: agrimony Oiverwort). 

agri-dttaf. P.: egriot: — persa, mar- 


Agpo I [L. aeer, sharp], adj. : sour (acid, 
acrid); sharp (severe); disagreeable 

iigro2 [L. ager, field], M. : territory (esp. 
of a city). 

agro=d61ee, adj. : sweet and sour. 

agro - nomia [agro 2], f. : agronomy 
(science of agriculture), -nomioo, ADJ.: 
agronomical, agrd-nomo, M. : agro- 
nomist (agriculturist). 

agrumef, M. : acid herbs (pot-herbs). 

aguaglianzat ^ eguaglianza. 

aguardaret, TR. : guard (take care of). 

agnastaref, TS. : waste ; spoil. 

agnatf. . = aggiiat. . 

agno-cMat [ago], F. : knitting-needle. 
-cMare, TR. : stitch (sew). 

ag^-ffliat, F. : eagle ; Koman standard ; 
obelisk ; steeple ; needle. -£rlia««iot, 
M.: standard, -gliaref, TE.: sew (stitch). 
-gliataf, P.: needleful. -jrHouet, M.: 
sting ; incentive, -gliotto f, M. : young 

agn^naret = agognare. 

agnmentaret = aumentare. 

agunaret = adunare. 

agnr. .f = augur. . 

agn-tello, -tetto, ADJ. : rather sharp ; 
M.: tack, -tezza, F.: acuteness. ||agu- 
to [L. aeutus, sharp], m. : long nail. 
-zzamento, M. : sharpening, -zzare, 
TE. : sharpen (whet), -zzata, F. : rapid 
sharpening, -zzatoret, M. : whetter. 
-zzatnra, F. : sharpening (whetting). 

agnzzino \Sf. alguacill, M.: guardian of 
galley-slaves ; tyrant, hard fellow. 

agnzzot = aciito. 

a,hi, -me, INTEBJ. : oh ! alas ! 

&i, for a i, to the. 

aia I [L. area], F.: threshing-floor ; garden- 
plotf ; AREAt ; halot : menare il can per 
I' — , drag out (a discourse, etc.) in aim- 
less length. 

aia 2 [oio], F. : perceptress (governess). 

aiata [aia i], P. : sheaves on the thresh'- 
ing-floor; threshing-floor full of sheaves: 
romper V — , begin threshing. 

aiatof, ADJ.: rambling: andar — , ramble 

aiettaf, P. : hotbed. 

aimet := ahime, 

6,10, pi. 01 [Sp.ojo, master], M.: preceptor, 
tutor (in a private house). 

aionef, M. : rambler. 

a=ire, M. : leap ; run, free course ; direc- 

airdne [OGer. heigero], u. : heron. 

ait. . (poet.) =: aiut. . 

ai(ii)d-la [areola], F.: garden-plott. -lot, 
M.: bird-net. 

ain-tamento, M. : aid (help), -tante, 
ADJ.: aiding (helpful); strong; m.: helper 



(assistant) ; adjutant : — di campo, aide- 
de-camp, -tare, TR. : aid (help, assist); 

REFL.: help one's self (avail or help one's 
self), -tatot, M. : help. -tat6re, M. 
-tatri«e, P. : helper (assistant). -t6- 
vole, ADJ. : aiding (helpful) ; favorable. 
Ilaiu-to [L. ad-jutum (juvare, help)], 
M. : AID (help, assistance); PL.: auxiliary 
troops, -tore, M., -tri-ee, F. : helper. 

aiz-zam^nto, M. : incitement; provoca- 
tion. Il-zare [Ger. hetzen], TR. : incite ; 
set (dogs) upon ; irritate (provoke), -za- 
tore, M., -zatri«e, P. : inciter (instiga- 
tor), -zosof, ADJ. : provoking. 

al, for a il, to the. 

aia, pi. -li (poet, -le) [L.], P. : wing (of a 
bird, structure, or army): far(e) — , form 
a line (to honour some one passing); stare 
sulV — e, be just going. 

alalar-da [Ger. helm-barte, 'helmet- 
splitter'], p. : HALBEED. -data, F. : hal- 
berd thrust, -diere, M.: hallebardier. 

ala-bastrino, ADJ.: of alabaster. Il-ba- 
stro [L. -bastrum}, M. : alabaster. 

ala-cre or ala-cre [L. -oris], ADJ. : 
alacrious (brisk, lively), -cremente, 
ADV.: with alacrity (briskly), -crita, P.: 

alainar(r)i [Sp. -mar}, M. : ornamented 

alano [Alani], M. : bulldog. 

alare [L. ad larem, 'to Lar' (domestic 
deity)], M. : andiron. 

alata [aia], P. : stroke of the wing. 

alaterno [L. -nus], M. : privet (shrub); 

alato [aia], ADJ. : winged ; flightyf. 

alba [h. -bus, white], P.: break of day 
(early dawn). 

alba-gia [?], P. : great vanity (conceit), 
-gioso, ADJ. : conceited. 

aibana [albo], F. : kind of white grape. 

albanese, M. : light cavalryman. 

albatroi \L. arbutus], M.: (bot.) arbutus. 

albatro 2 [fr. Ar.], M. : albatross. 

al-bazzano [aZ&o], M. : limestone, -bd- 
dine, P. : whiteness, -beggiam^nto, 
M.: dawning. -beg^are,'lNTR. : dawn; 
break (of day). 

albe-rare [albero], TR.: plant with trees; 
mast (a ship), -ratupa, P. : tree-plan- 
tation ; masts, -rello i , M. : sort of 

alberello2 [?], M.: earthen vase (pot). 

alberese [albo], m.: limestone. 

albe-reta [-ro]. P., or -r^to, M. : tree- 
plantation (grove), -retto, m. : small 
tree (shrub). 

alber-gagi6net, P., -gamentof, M. : 
staying at a hotel; lodging, -gare, TR.: 
lodge ; harbour ; inte. : lodge (reside, 
stop). -g4to, PART.: lodged; M.: lodgesf 



-gatdre, M., -gatriee, F. : innkeeper ; 
hotel-keeper (landlady). -gTieriat, P. : 
public inn. -ghetto, M. : small inn. 
Ilalber-go [OGer. heri-herga, 'army- 
shelter'], inn; hotel. 
albe-rino, dim. of -ro. i.l'be-ro [L. 
arlor\, m. : tree ; poplar ; mast ; (mec.) 
shaft, shafting: — di trinchetto, fore- 
mast, -rone, M. : big tree. 
al-bicantef, -bie-eio [albo], ADJ.: whit- 

albi-ooooa, F. : apricot, -o&ooo [Sp. al- 
bari-coque (fr. Ar.)], M. : APEicoT-tree. 

al-bino, ADJ.: whitishf; M.: albino, -bis: 
domeniea in — , Sunday after Easter. 
II -bo [L. -bus], ADJ.: white f; fig-like 
(withref. to a special whitish fig); tipsyf; 
M. : book of records, -boraref, INTR. : 
dawn, -bore, M.: dawn (aurora), -bugi- 
mo, F.: albugo, -bum, M.: album, -bu- 
ms, M. : white of the egg. -bumina, 
— ]ie,F.: albumen. -buiuiiiato,ADj.: al- 
buminous, -burno, M.: white hazel-tree. 

aloaico [L. -cus], M. : alcaic (meter). 

aloa-lescdnte, adj. : alkalescent, -le- 
scdnza, F. : alkalesceus. ||aloa - li, 
[Ar.], M. : alkali, -lino, ADJ. : alkaline. 
-lizzare, TB. : alkalize. 

al«e'[Gr. alke], M. : elk. 

al«ea [L.], F. : vervain (plant). 

aloh.ermes [fr. Ar.], M. : sort of sweet 

aloTti-mia [fr. Ar.], F. : alchemy, -'mi- 
oo, AD3. : alchemical, -mista, -misti, 
M.: alchemist, -mizzaret, intb.: prac- 
tice alchemy. 

ale-fone [Gr. alkyon], M. : halcyon; king- 

41co-ol [fr. Ar.], M. : alcohol, -olico, 
ADJ.: alcoholic, -olismo, M.: alcoholism. 

aloorano [fr. Ar.], M. : Alcoran. 

alcdva [fr. Ar.], P. : alcove (recess). 

al-cunc7ie, M. : something. ||-cuno [L. 
aliquis unus], peon.: some one (some- 
body); some : — a volta, sometimes. 

&l-dia, -diana, F., al-dio, -dione, M. : 
[1. L. -dus], half-freed serf. 

&lea [L., 'die'], F. : fate. 

aleatico [?], M. : sort of black grape ; 
wine made from it. 

aleatorio [aZea], adj. : contingent ; un- 

aleggiare \_tt,ld\, INTR. : stir the wings 

ale-naf, P. : breath (respiration), -na- 
mentof, M.: breathing, -naref, intb.: 
breathe, -nosof, adj. : panting. 

alepardof = leopardo. 

alessifarmaoof, M. : counterpoison. 

alet-ta [ala], P. : small wing ; fin ; iron 
brace, -t&to, adj. : (her.) with varie- 
gated fins. 


alfa, P. : alpha (Greek o). -betioa- 
mente, ADV. : alphabetically, -bfitico, 
ADJ.: alphabetical, -boto [Gr. beta, P], 
M. : alphabet. 

alfanaf, P. : mare. 

alfiere [L. aquili-fer, eagle-BEAREe], M. : 
ensign-bearer (ensign); bishop (at chess). 

alfine [alia fine], adv. : finally. 

al(i)-ga [L. alga], F. : alga; seaweed. 
-goso, ADJ. : full of seaweeds. 

al-gebra [fr. Ar.], P.: algebra, -ge- 
brico, ADJ. : algebraic, -gebricamen- 
te, ADV. : algebraically, -gobrista, M. : 

al^entet, ADJ. : algid (freezing), al- 
geref, IBB. ; INTB. : freeze, algoref, 
M. : extreme cold. 

algoso =: aligoso. 

alia, vulg. for ala, wing of a building. 

aliaref, INTB. : fly. 

alias pj.], ADV. : otherwise • also called. 

alibi \hX M. : alibi. 

ali«et, P. : anchovy. 

alidadaf, P. : alidade (quadrant). 

ali-do [arido], ADJ. : arid (dry) ; m. : dry- 
ness, -dezza, F. : aridness. -dare, M. : 
dry season (drjmess). 

alidor4to \_ala, dorato], adj.: gold- 

alieggiaret = aleggiare. 
alie-nabile, ADJ. : alienable, -nabili- 
ta, P. : alienability, -namento, M. : 

alienation ; separationf. - nare , TR. : 
alienate ; transfer ; eepl. : become alien- 
ated or estranged ; withdraw, -nata- 
mente, ADV.: giddily, -nataria, P., 
— o, M. : receiver of alienated] property. 
-nato, ADJ. : alienated (estranged) ; dis- 
tracted (mad), -natore, M. : alienator. 
-nazione, P. : alienation; estrangement; 
distraction ; separationf. Ijalie-no [L. 
alienus], adj. : alienf (foreign) ; disin- 
clined (reluctant, averse). 

alifiorito [ala, fiorito], adj. : with flow- 
ery wings. 

aliga = alga. 

ali|;erot, ADJ. : winged. 

alimen-tamento, M. : nourishing (ali- 
ment), -tare I, TB. : nourish (feed). 
-tare 2, -tario, ADJ.: alimentary: pen- 
sione — , maintenance, -tatore, M., -ta- 
tri«e, P.: nourisher. -tizio, adj.: ali- 
mentary, jjalimen-to [L. -turn (alere, 
nourish)], M.: aliment (food, nourishment). 
-tosof, ADJ. : nutritious. 

alina [ala], P. : little wing. 

alinea [L. ab, from, linea, line], F. : sub- 
paragraph ; clause. 

alidssot, M. : ossicle ; cockle. 

alidttof, M. : ruflle. 

alipede [ala, piede], ADJ. : with winged 


aliquantof, adj. : aliquant ; tinequal. 

aliquoto [L. alia-quota], adj. : aliquot. 

aliseo [?], ADJ. : trade-: venti — ei, trade- 

ali-tare, intr. : breathe gently ; pant ; 
M. : panting. ||ali-to [L. halitus], u. : 
breath (breathing); breeze; odour f. 
-t(a)6sot, ABJ. : bad smelling. 

all', alia I, for a la, to the. 

alia zf, F. : market-place ; ell. 

alla«-«iaiiiento, M. : lacing ; allure- 
ment. l|-«iare [laccio], TR. : lace ; bind 
(tie up) ; catch with a lasso or snare ; 
catch; allure; entangle, -ciativof, 
ADJ.: catching; alluring, -eiatura, F. : 
lacing; buttoning; bandage. 

alla-gamento, M. : deluge (inundation). 
Il-gare [lago], TR. : deluge (overflow, in- 
undate), -gazionet, F. : overflowing 

allampanato [ldmpana\, ADJ. : emaci- 
ated ('transparent like a lamp'), very 

allampare U<''''ii'Po], INTR. . bum with 
thirst (parch). 

allar-gamento, M. : enlargement ; ex- 
tension. Il-gapo [largo], TB. : enlarge 
(widen, extend, dilate) : — la 'mano, be 
open-handed, -gata, F.: enlargement or 
stretching (made in haste), -gatina, F.: 
poor enlargement or stretch, -gatoio, 
M.: instrument for enlarging; stretcher. 
-gatone, M.: enlarger (amplifier), -ga- 
tnra, F. : enlargement. 

allar-mare, TR. . alarm ; refl. : be 
alarmed. ||allar-me iall'arme, 'to 
arms!'], M. : alarm, -mante, ADJ.: 

allas-samentot, M. : LASSITUDE, weari- 
ness. Il-saret", tb. : fatigue (tire). 

al=lato, ADV., PEEP. : beside ; by : , 

close by. 

allat-tamento, M.: giving suck. Il-ta- 
re [latte], tb. : suckle (give suck to). 
-tatrice, P. : nurse. 

alle = a le, to the. 

alle-anza, F. : alliance. ||-are [Fr. al- 
lier (L. ligare, bind)] ; refl. : ally one's 
self, -ato, ADJ. : allied (confederate) ; 
M. : ally. 

alleccoruire [leecorniaj, TR. : allure; 

alleficaret, INTR. : take root ; cultivate 

alle-gabile, ADJ. : that may be alleged. 
-gamento, M. : allegation ; setting on 
edge. Il-gare [legare], TR. : allege (ad- 
duce) ; ALLOY ; TR., INTR. : promise well 
(of fruits, etc.) ; set (the teeth) on edge ; 
EEFL.f: league one's self (form an alli- 
ance), -gatoro, M. : alleger. -gazio- 
3ie, P. : allegation , quotationf; alloyf. 

allevatiira 21 

alleggera. . t = alleggeri. . 

allegge-rimento, M. : lightening (eas- 
ing, relief). ||-rire [leggero], TR. : light- 
en (ease) ; alleviate (reLiEVE, mitigate); 
REFL. : remove one's clothes. 

alloggiaref = alleggerire. 

alle-goria [Gr. dllos, other, agorein, 
speak], F. : allegory. -goricameute, 
ADV. : allegorically. -gorico, adj. : al- 
legorio(al). -gorista, M. : allegorist. 
-gorizzare, INTR. : allegorize. 

alle-gramente, ADV.: cheerfully (gaily). 
-grantef, ADJ. : cheerful, -granzaf, 
F. : cheerfulness, -grare, TR. : gladden 
(cheer), -gretto, dim. of -gro. -grez- 
za, F. : cheerfulness (joyousness). -gria, 
P. : gladness (merriment). ||alle-gro 
[L. alaeer], ADJ. : cheerful (merry, gay) ; 
brisk (ALACElons) ; tipsy. -grd««io, 
-gru«eio, ADJ. : jovial (good-humoured). 

alleluia [fr. Heb.], M. : hallelujah : vec- 
chio quanta — , old as hallelujah (very 

alle-namentot, M. : respite (delay), -na- 
ref, INTR.: decay; slacken; take breath; 
TR. : strengthen (fortify) ; repl. : take 
breath, -niref, tb. : soften ; mitigate ; 
INTE. : be gentle. 

alleu-tagione, P. : hernia (rupture). 
-tament'o, M. : relaxation ; slowness, 
ll-tare [lento], TE. : render more loose 
(relax, slacken) ; rarefy ; bepl. : be re- 
laxed (get slack) ; have a rupture (hernia). 
-tatnra, P. : hernia (rupture). 

allen-zamentof, M.: ligature (bandage). 
Il-zaref, TE. : bandage ; swathe. 

alles-samentof, M. : bailing. H-saref, 
TE. : boil (stew), alles-so [lesso], adj. : 
boiled ; M. : boiled meat. 

alle-stimento, M. : preparation. |l-sti- 
re [lesto], TE. : make ready (prepare). 

alletamaref, TB. : manure (dung). 

allettaiuolot, M. : decoy-bird. 

allet-tamento, M. : allurement (charm), 
-tante, ADJ.: alluring (attractive), ll-ta- 
re [i. L. al-lectare (lacere, allure) ; 2. 
letto], TR. : I. allure (entice, attract); in- 
vite ; 2. cause to lie down (lay) ; strike 
down ; repl. : lie down (of grains, etc.) ; 
take to one's bed ; nestle, -tativa, F. : 
allurement (charm), -tatxvo, adj. : al- 
luring (attractive), -tato, adj.: i. al- 
lured ' (attracted) ; z. bed-ridden, -tato- 
pe, M. : enticer. 

alletterato [lettera], ADJ. : lettered 

alle-vamento, M. : bringing up (educa- 
tion). Il-varo [levare], TR. : bring up 
(educate ; foster, raise). -vato, ADJ. : 
educated ; M. : pupil, -vatore, M., -va- 
triee, P. : educator ; raiser, -vatura, 
p. : bringing up (education) ; fostering 



(raising), -viagionef, F. : -alleviation, 
-vlare, TE. : alleviate (ease); bepl. : lie 
in. -viazidne f, F. : alleviation. 

allianzaf = alleama. 
alli%(%)ire [livido], intr. : be amazed. 
alli-bramento, M. : booking. H-brare 
llibro], TE. : book (register). -Iirazio- 
ne, F. : booking (registration). 

alli-eeiAve [liccio], TB. : pass (the woof) 
through the warp; set (the teeth of a 

alli«eret, TK. : allure (entice). 

allietare [lieto], TB. : gladden. 

allie-va, F., -vo [aUevare], M. : pupil 
(scholar) ; foster-child ; foal ; calf. 

alUgatat, F. : enclosed letter. 

alligat6re [Eng. -tor], M. : alligator. 

allijrnare [legno], INTE. : take root (grow, 

allin-daref, TB. : make nice or spruce 
(deck), -datoref, M. : embellisher. 

alli-neamento, M. : alignment. H-nea- 
re [linea], te. : ALIGN. 

allingnatof, ADJ. : talkative. 

alliqui-daret, TB. : render liquid (melt). 

allisciaref ^= lisciare. 

allistaref, TB. : lace (embroider). 

allitterazione [L. ad, to, litera, letter], 
F. : alliteration. 

allivella-re [livello], TB. : level, -zio- 
ne, P. : levelling. 

allividire [livido], INTR. : grow livid or 
pale (pale). 

alio, for a lo, to the. 

allocaret, TR. : locate (place). 

al-locca-ecio, M. : big ugly owl ; stupid 
loon. l|-16cca, F., -loooo [L. alucus] : 
M. : owl. -loccone = -locaccio. 

alloonzione [L. loqui, speak], F. : allo- 
cution (address). 

al-Iodiale, ADJ.: allodial, -lodio [? OHG. 
al-od, 'all-free'], M.: allodium (freehold). 

allddola [L. alauda], F. : skylark. 

allo-gamento, M. : lease. ||-gare [luo- 
jo], TR. : LOCATE (place); settle; employ; 
invest (money) ; give in marriage (marry). 
-gatore, M. : landlord, -gatriee, F. : 
landlady. -gazi6ne, F. : employment. 

allog-^amentot, M. : lodging, -giare, 
TB.:'lodge; intr., refl.: lodge (dwell): 
— alia prim' osteria, yield to the first 
reason, -giatore, M., -giatri-ee, F. : 
landlord; landlady. l|alldi;-gio [loggia], 
M.: lodging-place (lodging-fiouse, inn). 

allogrUato [loglio], ADJ. : mixed with 
cockle-weed; stupid. 

allongaref, TB. : remove. 

allonta-namento, M. : removal ; re- 
moteness. Il-nare [lontano], TB. : re- 
move (send away) ; repel ; refl. : go 
away (depart), -nato, adj.: removed; 
remote (distant; far-oif). 


allo-patia [6r. dllos, other, pdthos, suf- 
fering], F. : allopathy, -patico, ADJ. : 
allop-piamento, M. : drugging, -pia- 
re, TR. : mix with opium; drug; eefl.: 
drowse (fall asleep ; slumber), -picarof, 
INTR.: drowse (slumber). Ilallop-piof 
=: oppio. 
allor - a [aW ord], adv. : at that time 
(then) ; recently : — quando, when ; 

whilst; , just then; d' — , of that 

time; then; da — , from that time (thence); 
d' — in poi, thenceforward (from that 
time on) ; per — , by that time. =che, 
=qaaudo, ADV. : when. 
alloro [L. laurus], M. : laurel. 
allottaf, ADV. : at that time ; then. 
allottare [lotto], TE. : put on lottery. 
alln-«iare [luce], TB. : gaze at (eye). 
-«ignolare [lucignolo], TR. : make a 
wick of ; twist ; rumple, --einare, TB. : 
dazzle ; beguile ; refl. : be hallucinated ; 
err. -«inazi6ne, F. : hallucination. 
alluda [L. -luta], M. : sheep's skin. 
allndere [L. ludere, play], IBB.§; INTR.: 
allude, hint. 

§ Pret. allusi, -so ; -sero. Part, alluso. 
allnmaca-re [lumaca], TE. : mark with 
a snail-track ; stripe, -tdra, F. : snail- 
allnmareti, TE. : kindle (light). 
alla-inare2, tr. : alumize. ||alln.-me 
[L. -men], M. : alum(en). -miera, P. : 
alum-mine, -mina, F. : alumine. 
allumi-nare, vulg. for illuminare. -na- 
to, ADJ.: bright (clear), -nazidne, vulg. 
for illuminazione. 

allmni-nio [allumina], M. : aluminium. 
-noso, ADJ. : aluminous. 
allnn-gamento, M. : lengthening (pro- 
longation, extension). ||-gare [lungo], 
TR. : lengthen (prolong, extend, stretch) ; 
REFL.: stretch one's self; extend; remove. 
-gativo, ADJ. : lengthening (extending). 
-gato, ADJ. : lengthened (extended) ; 
distant, -gatinra, P. : lengthening (pro- 
longation, extension) ; added piece. 
allnpare [Inpo], intb. : be hungry as a 

al^lusingaref, TE.: flatter (wheedle). 
allu-sione [-dere], F. : allusion, -sivo, 
ADJ. : allusive. 
alluvione [L. luere, wash], p. : alluvion. 
alma [anima], p. : (poet.) soul. 
almag^sto [fr. Ar.], M. : almagest. 
alma - naccare, INTE. : puzzle one's 
brains; cast about; build air-castles. 
Il-nacco [?],M.: almanac : far -nacchi z= 
almanaccare. -naocMo, M. . constant 
puzzling, -nacona, P., -nao6ne, M. : 
great muser (phantast). 
aUm^noo, ADV. : at least. 


atmeno, ADV. : at least. 
almiragKot, -rantef =: ammiraglio. 
almo [L. -mus], ADJ. : nourishing ; great 
(immortal) ; soulf. 
alo-e [Gr.j, M. : aloe, -etioof, adj. : 

alone [ald\, M. : HALO. 
al&sctat, F. : hydromel. 
alpaca [Sp. (Peruv.)], P.-; {zool.) alpaca ; 
alpaca (fabric). 
41-pe [Celt.], F. : alp ; fl. : alps, -pe- 
stre, (poet.) -pestro, ADJ. : Alpine, 
mountainous ; rugged, -pigiano, adj. : 
Alpine, -pinismo, M.: love of (climbing 
the) Alps, -pinista, pi. -ti, M.: Alpinist, 
(alp-climber, mountaineer), -pino, adj. : 
Alpine; PL.: alp-soldier; mountain-guard. 
aIqa4n-to \h. ali-quantum\, ADV. : some 
what; ADJ.: some (some few). =dne 
= alcune. 
alsif, ADV. : also ; too. 
altal6-na [L. tolleiw}, F.: seesaw; swing. 
-nare, INTR. : seesaw; swing, -no, M. : 
swing-gate; lever. 
altamente [_aito\, ADV. : highly ; great- 
ly; nobly. 
alta-re [L. (? alius, high)], M.: altar; sa- 
erifizio dell' — , mass, -rello, -rino, 
M. : small altar; family altar: scoprire 
gli — i, reveal the tricks. 
altazzosof, ADJ. : haughty (proud). 
altea [Gr. -thaia], F. : marshmallow. 
alte - raliile [-rare], ADJ. : alterable. 
-rabilitd,, F. : alterability. 
alteram^nte [altera], adv. : haughtily 
alte-ramentof, M. : alteration. ||-r£- 
re [altro], TR. : alter (change) ; deterior- 
ate; upset (the stomach); refl.: change; 
grow worse; be excited; grow angry. 
-ratamentet, ADV.: angrily, -rativo, 
ADJ. : alterative, -razione, F. : altera- 
tion (change), -razioneella, F. : little 
alter-care [L. -ri (alter, other)], INTR. : 
altercate (wrangle), -cazione, F.: alter- 
cation, alter-co, M. : wrangle. 
alterego [L. alter, other, ego, 1], M.: alter 
ego (close representative). 
alte-rello l-ro], ADJ.: somewhat high. 
-rezza, F. : haughtiness (arrogance, dis- 
dain), -rigia, F. : arrogance. 
alter-namente, ADV.: alternately. -n4- 
re, TR. : alternate, -natamente, ADV.: 
alternately, -nativa, F. : alternative. 
-natlvam^nte, ADV. : alternatively. 
-nativo, ADV. : alternate ; reciprocal. 
Ilalter-no [-nus (alter, other)], ADJ. : 
altem (alternate) ; successive. 
al-tero [alto'], ADJ. : haughty (proud). 
-t^tto, ADJ. : somewhat high, -tezza, 
F.: highness; height (elevation), -tezzd- 1 

am 23 

so, ADJ. : arrogant. -ti««io, ADJ. : 
rather high or tall ; gay (slightly intoxi- 
cated), -tieramente, ADV. : haughtily; 
nobly, -tierezza, F.: haughtiness, -tie- 
po, ADJ.: haughty (arrogant, proud); 
lofty, -timetria, F. : altimetry. -ti= 
metro, ADJ. : measuring the height. 
-ti=piano, M. : elevated plain. -ti=86- 
no, -ti=sonante, ADJ. : high-sounding. 
-tissimo, ADJ.: most high; the Most 
High. -ti-tonante, adj.: sounding 
from on high, -titudine, F. : altitude 
(height). -ti=Tolante, ADJ.: high-fly- 
ing. Ilal-toi [L. -tus], ADJ.: high 
(elevated, lofty ; upper; tall; loud); deep; 
ADV.: loud; m. : height; (mus.) treble; 
full sea ; abyss : in — mare, on the open 
sea ; ad — voce, aloud ; fare — e basso, 
play the lord; avere degli — ti e bassi, 
have ups and downs. 

alto 2 [Ger. halt], u. : halt : fare — , halt 
(stop). ' 

altore, M., -triee [L. alere, feed], F. : 

al-tramentef, — ti = altrimenti. -tre= 
sit, ADV. : likewise ; too. -trettalef, 
ADJ. : such like, similar. -tre=tanto, 
ADV.: as much; as much again. ||61-tpi 
[L. -ter], PRON. : another ; some one, any- 
body, -trierif, M. : day before yester- 
day, -trimenti, ADV.: otherwise, al- 
tro, ADJ.: other; different; M. : another 
thing : -tra cosa, something else ; per — , 
in other respects, however ; se — avviene, 
if something new happens ; — che, except 
that; se non — , at least. -tpo=cft.6t) 
ADV.: except that (unless), -tronde or 
d' — [onde], ADV.: on the other hand; 
elsewhere. -trove [ove], ADV. : else- 
where, -trui [L. -ter-huic],PKON.: other 
people (others) : I'- — , other people's prop- 

altnra [alto], F. : height (high place) ; 
heightt (elevation, loftiness) ; latitude! ! 

altnritaf = autoritd. 

alnnna, F., -no [L. alere, nourish], M. : 
alumna, -nus (in sense of pupil, scholar). 

al-veare, M.: beehive (alveary), al-veo, 
M. : river-bed ; channel ; alveus. -veolo, 
M. : socket ; bee cell, alveole ; cup (of a 
flower), -vino, ADJ.: alvine. Il-vo [-vus, 
cavity], M. : belly ; womb ; centref. 

alzabile [-zare], ADJ.: that may be raised. 

alz&ia [L. helcium], F. : towing cable. 

al-zamento, M.: raising (lifting). ||-za- 
re [alto], TR. : raise (lift, elevate, hoist) ; 
INTR., REFL. : rise. -z4ta, P. : elevation 
(rise), -zato, ADJ. : raised (lifted up) ; 
risen (got up), -zatnra, P. : elevation 

am- pj. ad, to], pref. 



ama-bile lamare], ADJ. : amiable (agree- 
able), -bilita, F. : amiableness. -bil- 
mente, ADV. : amiably. 

amaca [Sp.], F. : hammock. 

amadd-raf, F., -re, M. : lover. 

amadria-da or -de [Gr. hdma, together, 
drUs, oak], f.: hamadryad (tree nymph). 

amalga-ma [Gr. mdlgama, emollient], 
F. : amalgam, -mare, TR.: amalgamate. 
-mazionet, F. : amalgamation. 

aman-te [amare], ADJ. : loving ; M. : 
lover ; sweetheart, -temente , adv. : 

amannense {L. -sis], M. : amanuensis ; 

amanzaf, P. : love ; mistress ; desire. 

ama - ra««io \_-rd], ADJ. : very bitter. 
-rae«iola, F. : genet (broom). 

amaraco [Gr. -rakos], M. : marjoram. 

amaramente [-ro], ADV. : bitterly. 

amaran-to [Gr. a-mdrantos, undying], 
M.: amaranth, -tino, ADJ. : amaranthine. 
-toidi, M. : family of amaranths. 

amara-sca, F. : egriot. ||-sco [amaro], 
M. : egriot (sour cherry) tree. 

amare [L.], TR. : love, like : ■ — ■ meglio, 
like better, have rather. 

ama-reggiare, TR. : embitter; intr. or 
EEFL. : 'grow bitter, -re^giolaf, F. : 
motherwort. -petto, adj. : somewhat 
bitter (tart); M.: almond-cake, -rezza, 
p.: bitterness (rancour), -rezzaref, tr.: 
embitter, -ricantef, M. : bitter medi- 
cine; PL.: hitters, -ricaref, tr.: embit- 
ter ; INTR. : grow bitter, -rie-eio, adj. : 
somewhat bitter (tart), -rino, adj. : 
somewhat bitter; M.: almond-cake; egriotf. 
-piret = -re^jiare. -ritndine, F.: bit- 
terness, grief. Ilama-ro [Ij. -rus], adj. : 
bitter; M.: bitter(ness). -roffnolo, adj. : 
somewhat bitter, -popet, M. : bitterness ; 
severity, -rulentof, adj. : bitter, -ru- 
me, M. : very bitter thing. 

ama-sio, M., -sia, P. : lover (paramour). 
Il-ta [-re], F. : lady-love. 

amatista [Gr. -thustos\, F. : amethyst. 

ama-to [-re],ADJ.: beloved (dear), -tope, 
M.: lover, -torio, ADJ.: loving; amatory. 
-tpi«e, P. : sweetheart ; paramour. 

amauposi [Gr. -rosis (-ros, dark)], P. : 
(med.) amaurosis. 

amaz-zoue [Gr. -zon], p.: amazon. -zo- 
neo, -zonio, ADJ. : amazonian. 

am.'bagi [L. -ges], F. PL. : ambages (cir- 
cumlocution) : senz' — , without uncertain- 
ty, clearly. 

ambasceria ^ ambasciata. 

ambascia [?], P.: pain (grief); anxiety; 
shortness of breath. 

amba-sciadopef = -sciatore., INTR.: grieve; be short of 
breath (pant). 


amba-sciata [1. L. -etia], P. : embassy; 
commission, -sciatora, P., — e, M.: am- 
bassadress, -dor; commissioner, -scia- 
tpi-ee, P. : ambassador's wife. 
ambasciot = -scia. [L. -bo], PRON. : both. =dae, 
=duit, =duot, PRON. : both. 
ambiapet [L. -blare, walk], INTR. : am- 
ble; pace. 
ambidnef = ambedue. 
ambiente [-bire], ADJ. : ambient (enclos- 
ing); M. : surrounding air. 

ambi-gaamente, ADV.: ambiguously. 
-guita, F. : ambiguity, ambi-gno [L. 
-guus (amb-igere, drive about)], adj.: 

ambio [-iiare], M. : amble. 

ambi-pe [L. (ire, go, go round)], TR. : de- 
sire eagerly (covet); Eng.f ambition. 
ambi-to, ADJ.: coveted, ambi-tof, M.: 
ambit (circuit), intrigue, -zion-eella, 
F. : slight ambition, -zione, P. : ambi- 
tion; eagerness. -ziosa«eio, adj.: pos- 
sessed of low ambition, -ziosamente, 
ADV.: ambitiously, -ziosetto, -ziosino, 
-ziosello, ADJ. : somewhat ambitious. 
-zioso, ADJ. : ambitious ; desirous. 

ambo [L.], PRON. : both. =d'not, -dnof, 
PRON. ; both. 

am-bpa [? Ar.], P.: amber, -brapef, TR.: 
amber, -bpetta, P. : sort of mallows. 

ambpo-getta [?], P. : paving-brick, -gi- 
no, M. :"old coin. 

am.-bposia [Gr. -brosla (d-mbrotos, im- 
mortal)], P. : ambrosia, -brosiano, 
ADJ. : Ambrosian. -bposio, adj. : am- 

ambn-lante, ADJ. : ambulant ; ambula- 
tory. Il-lape [L., walk], INTR. : (Jest.) 
go or run away, -lanza, p. : ambulance. 
-latopiof, M. : walk. 

ame-namente, ADV. : agreeably, -mi- 
ta, p.: amenity. ||ame-no [L. ammnus 
(amare, love)], adj.: pleasing (agreeable). 

ametistot = amatista. 

amfibio = anfibio. 

amemtef = demente. 

amianto [Gr. -tos, in-corrupt], M. : am- 
ianth (asbestos). 

ami-ca, P.: lady-friend; sweetheart, -oa- 
bilef^ ADJ. : friendly ; amiable (affable). 
-camente, ADV. : amicably, -cape, 
REFL. : form a friendship. -cTt^evole, 
ADJ. : AMIABLE (affable). -cTievolezza, 
P.: amicableness (amiability). -c7i,evol- 
mente, ADV. : amicably. -eissimo, 
ADV. : most friendly, -eizia, p. : friend- 
ship. ||ami-co [L. -eus (amare)], M. : 
friend; adj.: friendly, -cone, M.: great 

amido [Gr. d-mulos, 'un-ground'], M.: 
amidin (starch). 


amista [L. amicitas], P. : amity (friend- 

amittof = ammitto. 

ammac-canieiitot, M. : bruise. || -ca- 
re [mfflcca], TR. : pound (bruise, crush); 
depress, -catura, p.: bruise (contu- 

ammacchiaret, REFL. : hide in a bush. 

ammae-strabile, ADJ. : teachable (do- 
cile). Il-strare [maestro], tr. : teach; 
train (discipline), -strativo, adj. : in- 
structive, -stratore, M., -stratri«e, 
F. : teacher (trainer), -strazionef, P. : 
teaching, -strevolef, adj.: teachable 

ammaf/lia-re [maglia], TR. : cord ; bind 
or tie up. -tnra, F. : tying up (binding). 

ammaiaret, TR. : deck with leaves and 

ammainare [?], TR. : take in or lower 

ammala - re [male], INTR., REFL. : fall 
sick; TR.: make sick; infect. -ti««iot, 
ADJ.: sickly, -ta, F., -to, M.: sick person 
(patient) ; adj. : sick (diseased). -tu«- 
«iot, -zzatot, adj. : sickly. 

auuna-liamento, M.: bewitching. ||-Iia- 
re [malia], TR. : bewitch (charm), -lia- 
tore, M.: enchanter (magician), -liato- 
ra, -liatri«e, P. : enchantress (sorcer- 
ess), -liatdra, P. : witchcraft, charm. 
-liazione, P. : witchcraft (sorcery). 

ammali-ziaret, -zire [malizia], tb. : 
make malicious. -zi(a)to, adj.: (grown) 

ammandorlato [mandorlato], adj.: loz- 
enged ; M. : lozenged wall. 

ammanettare [manetta], TR. . manacle 

ammanie-ramento, M. : mannerism ; 
studied ornamentation, -rare [maniera], 
TB. : work or embellish in a mannered 
style ; decorate studiously, -ratura, P. : 

ammanaiaref, TR. : behead. 

amman-nare [manna, sheaf], IS,.: gath- 
er in sheafs ; collect ; arrange, -ma- 
mentof = -nimento. -nellare, tb. : 
bundle, -nimento, M. : gathering, -ni- 
re, TR. : put in order (arrange), -nitn- 
ra, P. : gathering ; arrangement. 

amman-sare, -sire [manso], domesti- 
cate (tame) ; soften ; appease. 

amman-tare, TR. : cloak ; palliate ; dis- 
guise, -taturat, P. : cloaking, -tella- 
ref, TR. : cover with a mantle ; palliate. 
Ilamman-to [manto], M.: (poet.) mantle 

amniar«iret, INTR. : putrefy. 

ammarginaret, REFL. : = marginare. 

ammartellaret ^ martellare. 

ammas-samento, M.: massing (accumu- 



lation). Il-sare [masta], amass (heap up, 
accumulate), -satore, M. : accumulator. 
-sie«{are, TR. : make massive or com- 
pact ; REFL. : get compact, ammas-so, 
M. : mass (accumulation, heap). 

ammatassare [matassa], TR. : wind into 

ammat-timento, M. : maddening trouble. 
Il-tire [matto], INTR. : go mad (be dis- 
tracted), -tito, ADJ. : maddened (dis- 
tracted, craay). 

ammatto-namento, M. : brick paving, 
ll-nare [mattone], TR.: pave with bricks. 
-nato, ADJ.: brick-paved; M.: pavement; 
paved square, -natura, p. : brick paving. 

ammaz-za=gatti, M. : old worthless gun 
or weapon, -zamento, M. : massacre ; 
murder. ||-zare [mazza], TR. : murder 
(massacre) ; kill ; overcome ; bore ; outdo 
(at cards) ; repl. . kill one's self ; toil 
hard. -za=sette, M. : bully (swaggerer). 
-zatoio, M. : slaughter-house ; toilsome 
work ; ADJ. : toilsome, -zatore, M., -za- 
tri«e, F. : murderer. 

ammazzeraref = mazzerare. 

ammazzolare [mazzo], TR. . form into 
bunches or nosegays. 

ammelmaref, -memmaref, REFL.: 
sink into the mire. 

am(m)en, -ne [Heb.], INTR. : amen. 

ani=menare, TR. : bring ; give. 

aminen«ire [mencio], TB. ; thin. 

ammen-da [menda], P. : amends ; re- 
form ; penalty, -dabile, adj. : amend- 


-damentof, M. : amendment. 

-daref, TB. : amend ; reform ; repair ; 
BBPL. : improve, -dazionef, P. : amend- 
ment ; amelioration. 

ainnie(n)-nicolare, TR., INTR. : support 
by trifling or fanciful argument ; trifle ; 
indulge in fancies. ||-nicolo [L. ad-mi- 
niculum {manus, hand), light support], 
M. : trifle (plaything) ; fanciful word (play 
of word), -uicoldna. P., -nicolone, 
M. : trifler; phantast. 

ammensare [mensa, sc. espiscopale], 
TB. : add to a bishop's income. 

ammentaref = rammentare. 

am-mSsso, FAKT. of -metier e. ||=met- 
tere, IRR. ; TR. : admit ; receive. 

ammez-zamento, M. : division; half. 
Il-zare [mezzo], TR. : divide in two ; do 
half ; half complete ; cut short (words) ; 
meet half-waysf; INTB. or REFL.: be di- 
vided in two ; be half completed, -zato- 
ref, M. : divider in halves ; mediator. 
-zire, INTR. : be divided in the middle ; 
be half completed. 

am-miccare [? mica], INTR.: wink; 
beckon, -micco, M. : winking; nod. 

ammit/Horaret = migliorare 

anuiii(n)uiool. . t ^ amme{n)nicol. . 



amminl - stragione f = - strazione. 
Il-strare [ministro], TB. : administer. 
-stratiro, ADJ.: administrative, -stra- 
tore, M. : administrator, -stratora, 
-stratri«e, P. : administratrix, -stra- 
torio, ADJ. : administrative, -strazio- 
ne, F. : administration. 

amminuiret := diminuire, 

amminntaret, TB. : MINCE (hash). 

ammi-rabile [-rare], adj. : admirable ; 
wonderful, -rabilita, F. : admirability. 
-rabilmente, ADV. : admirably ; won- 

ammi-ragliato, M. : admiralty ; admiral- 
ship. Il-raglio [Ar. al-emir], M. : ad- 
miral; princet; govemorf. 

ammi-ramentot, M. : wonder ; admira- 
tion, -rando, adj. : wonderful ; admir- 
able, -rauzaf, P. : wonder (marvel). 
II -rare [L. -rari (mirari, wonder)], TB. : 

_regard with wonder (cf. arch. Eng. ad- 
mire ; marvel at ; admire) ; eefl. : be as- 
tonished (marvel), -rativo, adj. : mar- 
vellous; admirative. -rato, adj.: re- 
garded with wonder (marvellous) ; ad- 
mired, -ratore, M., -ratri-ee, P. : 
admirer, -razione, P. : wonder (sur- 
prise; admiration). 

ammi-si, FBET. of ammettere. -sgibile, 
adj. : admissible, -ssibilita, F. : ad- 
missibility, -ssione, F. : admission. 

ammistionet, F. : mixture. 

ammisu-rdref, TB. : measure, -ratof, 
ADJ. : moderate, -ratamentef, adv. : 
, moderately. 

ammitto [L. am-ictut (jacere, throw), 
mantle], M. : upper vestment of a priest; 
AMICE (white linen worn about the neck 
and shoulders at Mass). 

ammoM - liamento, M. : furnishing ; 
furniture. ||-liare [mobile], TB. : fur- 

ammodernare [moderno], TB. : modern- 

ammo - ^liamento, M. : marriage. 
||-£rliare [moglie], tb. : give a wife to ; 
marry (a son) ; eefl. : marry (get mar- 

ammoi-namentot, M.: dalliance. ||-na- 
pot, TB. : caress (fondle). 

ammol-lamientot,M.: steeping; soften- 
ing. Il-lare [molle], te. : unstretch 
(loosen) ; soften (mollify) ; (us'ly immo- 
lare) soak (steep) ; cudgel ; answer sharp- 
ly. -liSnte, ADJ. : emollient ; softening. 
-limento, M. : softening, -lire, tb. : 
soften (mollify); relax; refl.: be softened; 
relax; calm, -litivo, adj.: softening; 
emollient; laxative. 

ammo-niaca [Gr. -niaka], F. : ammonia. 
-niaoale, ADJ. : ammoniac(al). -nia- 
oo, U, : ammoniac. 


ammonig^onet ^ ainmonizione, 
ammo-nimento, M. : admonishment, etc. 
Il-nire [L. monere, teach], TE. : admon- 
ish ; warn ; (hiit.) tax ; forbid, -nito, 
PABT. : admonished, etc. ; M. : admonish- 
ment ; prohibition, -nitore, M., -nltri- 
«e, P.: admonisher. -nizioneella, P.: 
light admonition, -nizione, F. : admo- 
nition (warning ; reproof) ; prohibition. 

ammon-tatamente, ADV. : confusedly. 
-tam^mto, M. : massing, jl-tare [mon- 
te], TB. : pile or heap up (amass) ; INTE. : 
amount. -ticcMare, TE. : heap up. 
-ti«ellare, TE. : form into small heaps. 

ammor-bante, ADJ. : sickening ; stink- 
ing, jl-bare [morbo], TB. : aifect ; sick- 
en ; INTE., EBPL. : sicken ; stink, -bi- 
damento, M. : softness ; effeminacy. 
-bidaref, -bidire, TB. : soften ; ener- 
vate (render effeminate) ; eefl. : grow 
soft or effeminate. 

ammorsellatot, M : minced meat and 

ammar-tameiitot, -t4re = -timento, 
-tire, -timento, M.: extinction (quench- 
ing) ; swoon, jl-tire [morte], TE. : moe- 
TIFY (deaden); extinguish; lame; wither; 
make swoon ; Eng.f amortize ; intb. : be 
extinguished; decay; swoon, -tizza- 
mento, M. : extinguishing ; withering. 
-tizzare, TE. : pay by instalments (amor- 
tize), -tizzazione, P.: redemption; amor- 
tization : cassa d' — , sinking fund. 

ammorvidire [morvido], TE. : weaken 
(soften, render effeminate). 

ammorz. . = smorz. . 

ammoscire [moscio], INTE. : wither (fade, 

ammos-fera [Gr. atmos, vapor, sphatra, 
sphere], F. : atmosphere, -ferioo, adj.: 

ammosta>re [Tnosto], te. : press (the 
grape), -toio, M. : mne-press. -tore, 
M. : grape-presser ; vintager, -tura, p.: 
grape-pressing; vintage. 

ammott. .f, ammov. . = smott. ., mov. . 

ammozzioo&ret, TB. : cut to pieces. 

ammnc - cTtiamento, M. : piling up ; 
heap. ||-c7iiare [mucchio], TB. : heap 
or pile up. 

ammueidire [mueido], INTB. : grow mus- 
ty or rancid. 

ammnf-faref, -fire [muffa], INTE. : be- 
come musty or mouldy. 

ammuin. .f ^ ammoin. . 

ammnlinare [mulino], TB. : whirl. 

ammnn. .f ^ ammon. . 

ammnsare, INTE.: pout; EEFL.t: meet 
face to face. 

ammn-taret, -tolaref = ammutire. 

ammnti-namento, M. : mutiny. ||.na- 
re [?], BEFL. : mutiny (revolt). 


ammn-tire, -tolire [mutoilo)], intr. : 
become mute or dumb ; be embarrassed or 
nonplussed, -tolito, adj. : dumb (speech- 

&miiio [Gr. -nios], m. : amnion (membrane 
round the foetus). 

amni-stia [Gi.-neitia{a-, not, mndsthai, 
remember)], P. : amnesty, -stiare, TR. : 

4mo [L. hamus], m. : fish-hook. 

amoerre = moerre. 

amomo [Gr. -on], M. : amomum (plant). 

ainora««iat, F. : horse-radish. 

amo - razzo, M. : light or illicit love. 
Ilamo-re [L. amor], M. : love (aflEection ; 
beloved person or thing); regard; charity: 
— proprio, self-love ; per — mio, for my 
sake; per V — di Dio, for God's sake; 
essere in — , be in favor with ; andare in 
— , be in heat, rut (of animals), -rog- 
giamento, M. : love-affair. -reggi4- 
re, TR. : make love to (flirt with); fondle. 
-petto, M. : slight love or affection (incli- 
nation), -revole, adj. : loving (affec- 
tionate, affable) : all' ■ — , affectionately. 
-reToleggiare t = -reggiare. -revo- 
lezza, P.: affability (cordiality); kind- 
ness, -revolmente, adv.: affection- 
ately; kindly, -revolone, aug, of -revole. 

amorfo [Gr. a-, not morphe, form], adj. : 

amo-rino [-re], M. : little Cupid; charm- 
ing baby; mignonette; tete-^-tete (S- 
shaped) sofa, -rosamente, adv. : lov- 
ingly. -Tosellot, adj.: amiable (pleas- 
ing), -rosino, ADJ.: nice. ||-r6so [-re], 
ADJ. : loving (amorous, affectionate) ; M. : 
lover (gallant, wooer), -rottof, M.: nas- 
cent love. 

amoBcino [L. damascenus], M. : damson 

amovibi - le [movere], ADJ. : movable. 
-lita, F. : movableness. 

am-piamente, ADV.: amply, -piaref, 
TR. : amplify (enlarge, extend), -piazza, 
P. : ampleness (largeness, extent). ||am- 
fio[L. -plus], ADJ.: AMPLE (large), -pio- 
e^ovantet, ADJ. : very helpful, -pio- 
veggentet, adj. : broad-sighted. -pi6- 
sof, ADJ. : ample, vast. 

amplamente = ampiamente. 

amplesso [L. -plexus (pleetere, wind)], 
M. : {jest.) embrace. 

ampli-aineiito, M. : enlargement, -are, 
TR. : enlarge (extend), -ativo, adj.: 
enlarging, -atore, M., -atriee. P.: 
extender, amplifier, -azione, F. : en- 
largement, -ficamento, M. : amplifica- 
tion. -Scare, TR. : amplify (enlarge); 

exaggerate, -ficatoro, M., -ficatriee, 

P. : amplifier, magnifier, -ficazione, P. : 

amplification ; exegesis, -tudiue, p. : 



amplitude. i|ampl(i).o [L. amplus], ADJ.: 
ample (broad). 

ampol-la [L. ampulla], p. : ampulla (cru- 
et,^ vial) ; bubble ; inflated expression. 
-lettat,_ p.: small vial; hour-glass. 
-lina, dim. of -la. -losamente, ADV.: 
in an inflated or bombastic manner, -lo- 
sita, p.: bombast; fustian, -lose, adj.: 
inflated; bombastic. -Idzzaf, P.: small 
vial; hour-glass. 

ampu-tare [L. puiare, prune], TR. : ampu- 
tate, -tazione, P. : amputation. 

amuerre = moerre. 

amuleto [L. -turn], M. : amulet. 

analiattista [Gr. and, again, baptizein, 
baptize], m. : anabaptist. 

a]iacard(i)o [l.L.],M. : ancardium (plant). 

ana-ee, -«io [Gr. dnison], M. : anise. 
-«{ato, ADJ. : anise-flavoured, -eino, 
M. : sugar pill (with anise-seed). 

anacolnto [Gr. a-, not, akdluthos, follow- 
ing], M. : anacoluthon (want of gram, se- 

anaco-reta [Gr. ana-chorein, retire], M.: 
anchoret, -rite, -retico, adj. : anchor- 

ana - creontica [poet Anacreon], p. : 
anacreontic, -creontico, ADJ.: ana- 

anacronismo [Gr. and, back, ehr6nos, 
time], M. : anachronism. 

an-afora [Gr. and, back, pMrein, carry], 
P. : anaphora. 

anaglifo [Gr. and, up, gMphein, engrave], 
M. : anaglyph (ornament in light relief). 

ana-gogia [Gr. and, up, dgein, lead], P. : 
anagogics (spiritual interpretation), -go- 
gicamente, adv. : anagogically. -go- 
gico, ADJ. : anagogic(al). 

anagram-ma [Gr. and, again, grdphein, 
write], M.: anagram, -matioo, adj. : ana- 
grammatic(al). -maticamente, adv. : 
anagrammatically. -matismo, M. : ana- 
grammatism. -matista, pi. — ti, M. : 
anagrammatist. -matizzare, TR. : ana- 

analettif, M. FL. : analects. 

an^alfalieto [Gr. an-, not], adj.: unable 
to read ; illiterate ; M. ( — ta, f .): illiterate. 

ana-lisi [Gr. aiid, back, Mein, loose], F.\: 
analysis, -lista, pi. -lisli, M. : analyzer. 
-litica, P. : analytics. -litico, adj. : 
analytical. -liticamente, adv. : ana- 
lytically. -Iizz4re, TR. : analyze. 

ana-logamente, ADV. : analogously. 
-logia, P. : analogy. -logicamente, 
ADV.: analogically, -logiob, ADJ.: ana- 
logic(al). -logismo, 'm. : analogism. 
Ilana-iogo [Gr. and, after, l6gos, ratio], 
ADJ. : analogous. 

anan&sso [f r. Peruv.], M. : ananas ; pine- 

28 anapesto 

asia-p^sto [Gr. ana-paiein, strike back, 
reverse], M. : anapest (^^— , i.e. a 're- 
versed' dactyl), -pestico, adj. : ana- 

am-arcTiia [Gr. a-, not, arche, head], F. : 
anarchy. -a,Tchieo, adj. : anarchic(al). 
-arcMsta, pi. -archisti, M. : anarchist. 

anastrofe [Gr. and, back, strephein, 
turn], F. : anastrophe (reversed construc- 

ana-tema or -tema [Gr. and-thema, set- 
ting up], F.: anathema (ban), -temizza- 
re, TK. : anathematize (excommunicate). 

aua-tomia [Gr. ana-tome, dis-section], 
F. : anatomy, -tomicamente, adv.: 
anatomically, -tomico, adj. : anatom- 
ic(al). -tomista, pi. — ii, M.: anatomist. 
-tomizzdre, TR. : anatomize (dissect) ; 

ana-tra \h.anas\ F.: duck, -trella, F., 
-trino, M. : young duck, -troccolo, M. : 
young duck ; short fellow, -trotto, M. : 
young duck. 

anca [? Ger. hanhe, haunch], f. . haunch ; 
hip : dare d'anche, run away. 

an-eella [L. -cilia}, F. : maid-servant. 

anc7i.e [L. hanc, this, sc. koram, hour], 
ADV. : also, too, even : ne — , not even ; 
neither ; quand' — , although. 

ancTiiildsi [Gr. ankulosis], F. : anchylosis. 

an-eid. .f = uccid. . 

aii«ile [L.], M. : ancile (sacred shield). 

an«illat = ancella. 

an«ipitet, ADJ. : uncertain ; amphibious. 

aii«isot, PART, of ancidere. 

anco = anehe : per — , as yet. 

ancoif, ADV. : to-day. 

ancora [L. hane horam, this hour], adv. ; 
yet, still ; now ; even ; again : — che or 
ancor(a)che, even though ; although. 

ancora [L.], F. : anchor. 

ancoracTtef, see ancora. 

anco-ragg^o [-ra], M. . anchorage, -ra- 
re, TR. : "anchor. 

a,-aooT=chi, see anc6ra. 

amcoretta, dim. of dncora. 

anoudiue [L. in-cus (cudere, beat)], F. : 

an-damentaceiof, M. : bad walk, -da- 
m^nto, M. : walk (gait, carriage) ; pro- 
ceeding, -dante, ADJ. : going ; easyf ; 
M. : andante (easy gait), -dautemeu- 
te, ADV. : continuously (without inter- 
ruption), -dantiuo, M. : andautino. 
Il-dare [?], IRR. § ; TR. : go ; move ; M. : 
walking, gait ; PL. garden-walks ; alleys : 
— rsene, go away; disappear; decline; 
— in colera, get angry; — {all')incon- 
tro, go to meet ; — a marito, marry ; — 
a monte, interrupt ; — pelegrino, go wan- 
dering ; — a seconda, go with the stream 
(prosper) ; al peggio — , at the worst. 


-ddta, P. : going away ; walk ; move- 
ment (of the bowels), stool. -dato,^ADJ.; 
gone ; past ; ruined ; wasted, -datoref, 
M., -datri«et, F. : walker: — di notte, 
nightwalker. -datura, F. : manner of 
walking (gait), -dazzaccfof, M.: violent 
disease, -dazzo, M. : passing or super- 
ficial fashion ; epidemical disease. -dip= 
i^-rieni, PL. : going and coming ; me- 
ander (windings); digressions. 

§ Ind, : Pres. -vd or vddo, vai, vd ; andid- 
fito, aiidAte, vdnno. Fut. and{e)rd. Cond. 
and{e)rH. Subj. : Pres. vdda, etc. : undid. 
7no, a7ididte, vddano. I've vd, anddte. With 
tras-, and ri-, regular, 
andito [L. ad-itus (ire, go)], M. : entrance ; 
passage ; landing (of a staircase). 
amdrienne [Fr.], M. : (Jest.) old garment. 
androgino [Gr. an^r, man, gunS, woman], 
ADJ. : androgynous. 
androme [?], M. : palace entrance (portal) ; 
entrancef ; avenue ; waiting-room. 
aned=doto [Gr. an-, not, ek-dotos, given 
out, published], M. : anecdote, -ddtico, 
ADJ. : anecdotic(al). 
ane-lante, ADJ.: pantingf; desirous. 
Il-lare \h. (halare, breathe)] ; intr. : 
breathe stronglyf (pant, Eng.f anhele) ; 
be breathlessly eager, desire eagerly (long 
ardently), -lanzaf, F. : ardent desire. 
ane-lito, M.: strong breathing (panting). 
anel-laref, TR. : provide with rings ; curl, 
-laturaf, F.: curliness; curled hair, -let- 
to, -lino, M.: little ring. ||anel-lo, pi. 
-li or (lit.) -la [dim. of L. anus, ring], M. : 
ring; ringlet; link; thimble (ring-like): 
dar (prender) V — , marry (be married); 
giorno dell' — , wedding-day. 
ane-lo [-larej, M. : (poet.) panting; breath- 
less, -losof, ADJ. : short-breathed (asth- 
ane-mia [Gr. an-, not, hdima, blood], F. : 
anaemia, -emico, ADJ. : ansemic. 
anemone [L.] , -molof, M. : anemone. 
anes-tesia [Gr. an-, not, aislhesis, feel- 
ing], p. : anffisthesia. -tetico, ADJ. : 
anfa-namento, M. : rambling, incoherent 
speech. ||-nare [variant of aJ(iMre],TR.: 
ramble about ; talk at randomf. -nato- 
ref, M. : pratter. -neggiapef, intr. : 
talk foolishly, -niaf, 'p. : talk; non- 
anfibio [Gr. amphi, both, Mos, life], ADJ. : 

anfi-bologia [Gr. amphi-bolos, casting 
about, ambiguous, logos, speech], p. : am- 
phibology. -Iioiogicamente, ADV.: 
ambiguously. -bol6gico, adj.: amphi- 
bolic (ambiguous, doubtful). 
anfiteatro [Gr. amphi, around, theatron], 
M. : amphitheatre. 
anfi-zione [Gr. amphiktHonesI, M. : Am- 


phiotyons. -zidnioo, adj. : Amphicty- 

anfora [L. amphora], p. : amphora (Rom. 

an&attof, M. : narrow place. 

anga-riaf [L.], p. : forced service, -ria- 
re, -rieggiare, tr. : overtax (burden). 

ange-la,'F. : angel, -letta, p.: little 
angel, -lioamente, adv. : angelically. 
ange-lico, ADJ. : angelical. ||ange-lo 
[Gr.' dngelos, messenger], m. : angel : — 
custode, tutelar angel ; pane (or cibo) de- 
gli — i, communion, -lottof, M.: old coin. 
-ln-e«io, M. : little angel. 

angere [L.], TR. : lighten ; anguish. 

angh-eria [fr. Pers.], p. : hateful tax ; 
imposition ; violence. 

angi-na [angere], F. : quinsy, -noso, 
ADJ. : quinsy (as adj.) 

angio-la, -lo, (pop.) for angela, -lo. 
-letta, -letto, -lino, dim.; dead child. 

angiportof, M. : portal ; blind alley ; 

angli-canismo, M. : Anglicanism. Il-ca- 
no, ADJ. : Anglican, -eismo, M. : Angli- 
cism. ' . 

ango-lare, adj. : angular, -larmente, 
ADV. : angularly, -larita, P. : angular- 
ity, -letto, M. : small angle. ||ango- 
lo \h. -lus], M. : angle ; corner, -lose, 
ADJ. : angulous (full of corners). 

an-gonia (vulg.) ^^ agonia. -goref, M.: 

ango-scevolef, ADJ. : painful. Ilango- 
scia pj. angustia, narrowness], P. : an- 
guish, -sciamente, ADV. : painfully. 
-sciamento t, M. : anguish (affliction). 
-sclare, TR. : anguish; distress (grieve); 
REPL. : be grieved (grieve) ; fret, -sciato, 
ADJ.: in anguish (grieved, distressed); 
anxious, -sciosamente, adv. : distress- 
edly (with grief), -scioso, adj. : dis- 
tressed (grieved); anxious. 

an-gne [L. -guis], M. : (poet.) serpent. 
- gai = crinito, ADJ.: snake - haired. 
-gnilla, P. : eel. -gnillaia, P. : place 
where eels are found, -gnilletta, -gnil- 
lina, P. : small eel. 

angninaia [L. inguinalial], P. : groin. 

angnriat, F- : watermelon. 

angn-stia. P.: narrowness; distress. 
-stiare, TR. : compress; distress, pain; 
REPL. : be distressed, -stioso, adj. : dis- 
tressed; anxious. || aiig;n-sto [L. -stes], 
adj.: narrow, tight; close; stingy; miser- 

ani-«et, -«iot = anaccio. 

anilef, ADJ. : (poet.) aged (old). 

ani-ma [L.], P. : soul; life; breastplate: 
render V — , give up the ghost. -iiia«- 
-eina, P. : poor soul ; wretch. -iuala«- 
€fo, M. : great ugly animal ; stupid dunce. 

annerare 29 

-male, M : animal, -malescamente, 

ADV.: like an animal; beastly, -male- 
sco,ADj. : animal, -maletto, M. : small 
animal ; animalcule. -]naletta««ia«- 
€io, M. : ugly little animal, -malitaf, 
P. : animality. -mal6ne, M. : big animal. 
-inalu««io, -malnzzo, M. : ugly ani- 
mal, -mante, adj. : animating ; beingf 
(animal), -mare, TR. : animate ; encour- 
age. -matam.eiite, ADV. : animately. 
-mato,ADJ.: animated (lively), -matdre, 
M.,-matri-ee, P. : animator, -mavver- 
sionef, P. : animadversion ; chastisement. 
-m.azi6ue, P. : animation, -mella, p. . 
sweet-bread; sucker (of a pump), ani- 
mo [L. -mus], M. : soul, esp. as heart; 
mind (understanding) ; sentiment ; affec- 
tion ; courage : di buon — , with all my 
heart ; farsi — , pick up courage, -mo- 
samente, ADV. : courageously (boldly). 
-mosita, p. : animosity, -moso, adj. : 
animated; courageous (valiant); Eng.f 
animose ; hostile, -mu-eeinot, m. : small 

anisetta [anace], p. : anisette (cordial). 

ani-traf, etc., -troccolo = anatra, etc. 

annac - qnameuto, M.: watering. 
Il-qnare [aequo], TR. : mix with water 
(water); temper; mitigate, -qnatie- 
■eio, ADJ. : somewhat mixed with water 
(dilute); m. : admixture of water. 

annaf-fiamento, M. : sprinkling. ||-fia- 
re [L. in-ad, flare, blow], TR. : sprinkle 
(water), -fiata, p. : sprinkling, -fia- 
tina, P. : light sprinkling, -fiatoio, 
M. : watering-pot (sprinkler), -fiatura, 
p. : sprinkling. 

auna-le [anno], ADJ.f: annual, -li, 
M. PL. : annals, -lista, M. : annalist. 

annasaref = annusare. 

anna-spare, TR. : reel Into skeins, -spio, 
M.: violent gesticulation; agitation. ||an- 
na-spo [OHG. haspa, hasp, spindle], 
M.: reel (for winding yarn), -spona. P., 
— e, M. : busybody; jack-of-all-trades. 

anna-ta [anno], P. : year (esp. with ref- 
erence to products) ; year's profits or in- 
terest. -ta««ia, P. : bad year, -tina, 
p. : (iron.) little yearly interest. -tn€- 
«ia, p. : bad year. 

anneb-Mamento, M.: cloudiness; gloom. 
Il-Mare [nehUa], TR. : surround with a 
mist or fog (befog) ; cloud ; obfuscate ; 
mildew ; rbpl : become obfuscated or 

anne-gamento, M. : smothering ; drown- 
ing. Il-gare [L. necare, kill], TR. : 
smother; drown. 

annegazione = abnegazione. 

annegMt-timentof, M - laziness, -ti- 
re [neghittoso], intr. : grow lazy. 

anne-rare [nero], TR. : blacken, -ri- 



mento, M. : blackening ; blackness, -ri- 
re, TR. : blacken (darken) ; tarnish ; 
INTR., REPL. : grow black ; darken, -ri- 
tnra, F. : blackness. 

an-nessi, fret, of -nettere. -nessione, 
F. : annexation. ||-nesso, FART, of -net- 
tere: ANNEXED (joined); m.: annex; part. 

anne-stameuto, M. : grafting ; inocula- 
tion. Il-stare [variant of innestare], TR.: 
(in)graft, insert, -statnra, F. : graft- 
ing ; insertion, anne-sto, m. : grafting. 

an-nettere [L. neetere, bind], IRR.§ ; TR.: 
combine ; bind together. 

§ Fret. an-neiiH or -n^ssz, -netti or -nisse, 
etc. Fart, ann^sso. 

ann^tto, Aim. of anno. 

annicTti-lamento, M. : annihilation. 
Il-lare [L. nihil, nothing], TR. : annihi- 
late; annul; dismay; humble, -lazio- 
nef, F. : annihilation, -lire = -lare. 

annidare \nid6\, TR. : build (a nest)t ; 
nestlef ; harbour (have in mind) ; refl. : 
nestle ; settle (get into). 

anuien-tamento, M. : reduction to noth- 
ing (annihilation). ||-tare [niente], tr. : 
reduce to nothing (annihilate). 

annig/titt. . t ^ 

annistiaf = amnistia. 

anniversario [L. -rius], M. : anniver- 

anno [L. -nus], M. : year : d' — in — , 
from year to year : capo d' — , new year. 

annoiiliref = nobilitare. 

anno-damento, M. : tying ; knot. || -da- 
re [nodo], TR. : tie (knot); join, -datu- 
ra, F. : tying. -diooTi-iato, adj. : 
lightly tied. 

annoi-amento, M. : annoyance ; weari- 
ness. Il-are [jioia], TR. : annoy; weary; 
REFL. : be annoyed ; grow weary, -ato- 
re, M. : annoyer. -6sot, adj. : annoying 

annolaref = noleggiare. 

annomaref = nominare. 

anno-na [L. annus, year], F. : (a year's) 
provisions (victuals), -nario, adj. : per- 
taining to provisions (of provisions), an- 
no-so, ADJ. : of years (old ; ancient). 

annota-re [noto], TR. : annotate (note). 
-riare, TR. : fit or qualify for a notary. 
-tore, M. : annotator. -zione, F. : an- 
notation ; observation (remark). 

annot-tare [notte], IMF. : become night ; 
grow dark ; pass the night, -tire t 
= -tare. 

annovellar^t, TR. : misinform ; beguile. 

annove-ram^nto, M. : enumeration. 
Il-rare [novero], TR. : number (count). 
-ratoret, M. : counter, -revolef, adj. : 
that may be counted (computable), an- 
no ve-rof, M. : reckoning (calculation). 

annn-dle [anno], ADJ. : annual (yearly) ; 


year's profit or allowancet ; yearf ; anni- 
versaryf. -almonto, adv.: annually. 
-ario, M. : annuary, year-book, annn- 
^eio, M. : bad year. 

annngol&ref = annuvolare. 

annu-ire [L. ad-nuere, nod to], INTR. : 
nod assent ; assent, -ente, ADJ. : assent- 
ing, -euza, P. : consent. 

annul-lamento, M. : annulment. II -1^ 
re [nullo], TR. : annul (render null ; nulli- 
fy; cancel), -lativo, ADJ.: annulling. 
-latore, M. : annuUer (abolisher). -la- 
^6net,.-lazi6net, F.: annulment. -li- 
ret = -lare. 

annnmeraret = annoverare. 

annun«i. . = annunzi. . 

annnn-ziare [nunzio], TR. : announce ; 
predict, -ziata, P.: the Virgin Mary 
receiving the Annunciation ; picture of 
the Annunciation, -ziatore, M., -zia- 
tri«e, F.: announcer; foreboder. -zia- 
zione, P.: annunciation; Lady-day. an- 
nun-zio, M. : announcement; advertise- 

aunno [anno], adj. : annual (yearly). 

annnsare [naso], TR. : bring under the 
nose (for smelling, etc.) ; smell at ; test ; 
(smell out) guess ; suspect ; refl. : find 
each other by smelling (of dogs) ; grow 
attached to one another. 

annnvo - lamento, M. : clouding up ; 
cloudiness. ||-lare [nuvola], TE. : cloud ; 
INTR., REFL.: cloud Up (grow cloudy). 
-lato, FART. : cloudy, -liref := -lare. 

ano [L. -nus, ring], M. : anus. 

anodino [Gr. an-, not, odHne, pain], M. : 

an-omalia, P.: anomaly. H-dmalo 
[Gr. an-, not, homalos, even], adj. : anom- 

anonimo [Gr. an-, not, onuma, name], 
adj. : anonymous. 

anorma-le [Gr. a-, not, norma, rule], 
adj. . abnormal ; in-egular. -lita, F. : 

an-sa [L.], p. : handle (of a vase) : dare 
(prender) — , give (take) boldness; en- 
courage, take courage, -sato, adj.: pro- 
vided with a handle. 

an-samento, M. : shortness of breath. 
Il-sare [-sio], INTE. : pant (breathe short). 

anseatico [Ger. hansej, adj. : Hanseatic. 

an-sia, -sieta, p. : anxiety. ||an-sio 
[Lf. -xius'], adj. : anxious. 

ausi-ma [asma], P. : difficulty of breath- 
ing (asthma), -mare, inte. : breathe 
with difficulty. 

an-siosamente, ADV. : anxiously. ||-si6- 
so [-sio], ADJ. : anxious. 

ansola [L. -sula (-so)], p. ; clapper hook 
(of a bell). 

amtago-ni^mo, M. : antagonism, jl-ni- 


sta [Gr. antl, against, agonistes, oombat- 
tant], M. :. antagonist. 

antartico [L. -cus], ADJ. : antarctic. 

ante [L.], prep. : before. 

aiLte-«edente, ADJ. : antecedent (pre- 
ceding), -eedentemente, ADV. : an- 
tecedently, -eedenzat, P. : antecedency 
(priority). H-cederef [L. cedere, go], 
TR. : go before (antecede ; precede), -ees- 
86ra, F., -eessore, M. : predecessor. 

«nte=fatto, M.: Eng.f antefact; previous 

antelmintico [Gr. anti, against, elmins, 
worm], M. : yermifuge. 

auteluoano [L. ante, lux, LIGHT], ADJ. : 
preceding daybreak. 

antelnnare [L. ante, luna, moon], adj. : 
preceding the appearance of the moon. 

antemnrale [antimuro], M. : rampart. 

ante^nato, M. : forefather (ancestor). 

anten-na [L.], F. : sail-yard ; lance ; log 
(trunk); antenna (feeler); sailf. -naref, 
TR. : provide with feelers, -netta, dim. 
of -na. 

Antenora [Antenora, Trojan deemed a 
traitor], F. : 'Antenora' (place of punish- 
ment for traitors, in Dante's Inferno). 

antepenaltimof = antipenultimo. 

ante=p6rre, ire. ; TR. : put before ; pre- 
fer, -posi, PRET. of -porre. -posizio- 
ne, P.: placing before ; preference. -p6- 
sto, PART, of -porre. 

antera or antera [Gr. antheros, flowery], 
P.: anther. 

anterio-re [L. -r], adj. : anterior (prior, 
former), -rita. P.: anteriority (priority). 
-rmente, ADV. : anteriorly (previously, 

ante = 8critto, ADJ.: written before or 

antesignano [L. ante, SIGNUM, sign], M. : 

ante^veniret, IRR. ; inte. : come before 
or first. 

&iiti- [L. ante or Gr. ant(\, peef. : before ; 

anti=and&ret, lEE. ; inte. : go before. 

anti=ba£rno, M. : bath-room cabinet. 

anti=bra««io, M. : forearm. 

antica-£rlia [antico], P. : antiquitiesf ; 
worthless old stuff; old person, -men- 
te, ADJ. : anciently (formerly). 

aiiti=caiiiera, P. : antechamber (wait- 
ing-room); servants in waiting: /are — , 
wait to be received. 

anti-catof [-co] = antiquato. -cheg- 
gfaref, inte.: follow ancient customs. 
-oTtetto, ADJ. : rather ancient or old- 
fashioned. -cft.6zzat = -chitd. -chi, 
PL. of -CO. -cTiita, P. : antiquity (an- 
cientness ; ancient relics or customs) ; 
(jest.) old person. 



antiei-pamento =: -pazione. ||-paro 
[L. ante, capere, take], TE. : anticipate ; 
pay in advance; pay out; intr. : come 
beforehand ; ebpl.: act quickly or prompt- 
ly, -patamente, ADV. : by anticipa- 
tion (beforehand, in advance), -pato, 
PART. : anticipated, etc. ; precociousf, out 
of tunef; m. : sum paid in advance, -pa- 
zione, P. : anticipation ; foresight ; sum 
paid in advance. -pazion«ella, dim. 
of -pazione. 

anti - CO [L. -quus], ADJ. : antique (an- 
cient, old); M. : antique (ancient art and 
manners) ; -cfci, PL. : ancients (esp. 
Greeks and Romans) ; ancestors, -on-e- 
■eio, dim. of -co. 

anti^coj/nizione t, P. : precognition. 
= co(7n6sceret, IRR.; TE. : foreknow; 

anticolerioo [anti colera], ADJ. : coun- 
ter-active of cholera. 

anti=c6rreret, lEE. ; TE. : run before ; 
outrun, -corrieref, M. : forerunner. 

anticortef, P. : fore-court. 

anti = cristiano t, ADJ. : antichristian. 
-cristof, M. : antichrist. 

anticnrsoret, M. : forerunner. 

anti=data, P. : antedate. 

antidettof, ADJ. : foretold, aforesaid. 

anti-di«inientot, M. : prediction. =di- 
ref, lEE. ; TE. : predict. 

anti=diluviano, ADJ. : antediluvian. 

anti-dotariof, M. : dispensatory, anti- 
doto [Gr. -doton (didonai, give)], M.: anti- 

anti=fe'bbrile, ADJ. : antifebrile. 

anti-fona [Gr. phon^, sound]. P.: anti- 
phon, anthem, -fonario, M. : anthem- 

antifrasi [Gr. -phrasis], P. : antiphrasis. 

anti-gindicare, TR. : prejudge. 

antigrafo [Gi.-phfl,M.: antigraph (tran- 

antizgnardaref, TE. : foresee, -gn&r- 
diat, P., -gnardof, M. : vanguard. 

antiiogia [Gr.], P. : antilogy. 

antilope [?], F. : antelope. 

anti^meridiano, ADJ. : antemeridian. 

anti^metteref, IRR.; TR.: place before; 

antimo-nio [?], M. : antimony, -niale, 
ADJ. : antimonic. 

anti^mnro, M. : front-walk ; parapet. 

anti=nato, ADJ.: bom before; first-born. 

anti=n6m.e, M. : first name. 

antinomia [Gr. anti, against, nomos, 
law], P. : antinomy. 

anti=papa, M. : antipope. 

anti=parte, P. : first settlement (of a 

anti=passato, ADJ. : past (last, ult.). 

anti:=pasto, M. : course served after the 

32 antipatia 

meat ; (in some countries) side-dish served 
before table. 

anti-patia [Gr. anti, against, patheln, 
suffer], P. : antipathy, -patico, adj. : 

anti=pensaret, TK. : premeditate. 

aiiti=penultiiiio, adj.: antepenultimate; 
M. : antepenult. 

autipode [Gr. anti, against, poUs, foot], 
M. : antipode. 

anti=p6neret, =p6rrej = anteporre. 

anti = porta, P. : (us'ly) -p6rto, M. : 
anteport (outer gate) ; vestibule ; outwork 
(before the gate of a city); (typ.) half- 
title, bastard title. 

auti^premderef, IRE.; TE.: seize before- 

anti-qnaria, P. : antiquarian science ; 
antiquities, -quario, M. : antiquarian. 
-qnato, ADJ. : antiquated. ||auti-qno 
[L. -quus (ante, before)], adj. : antique 
(ancient, old). 

anti=sala, P. : front hall or parlour. 

aiiti=saperet, lER. ; TE. : foreknow. 
-sapevolet, ADJ. : foreknowing (prog- 
nostic), -saputaf, P. : foreknowledge, 
foresight, -saputof, paet. : foreknown. 

anti^scritto, ADJ.: written before (afore- 

antisettico [Gr. anti, against, septikos, 
putrefying], adj. : antiseptic. 

antisterico, ADJ. . anti-hysteric. 

auti-staf, -stef, -stite, M.: head; chief; 

aiiti=strofe, P. : antistrophe. 

a]iti=tesi, P. : antithesis. 

antitopeia [Gr. anti, against, topos, 
place], P. : change of place by poetical li- 

anti-vanguardia, P.: scouts preceding 
the vanguard. 

aiiti=vedere, lER. ; TR. : foresee, -ve- 
dimentof, M. : foreseeing, -vedito- 
ret, M. : foreseer (foreboder). -vedxi- 
tamente, ADV. : with precaution, -ve- 
duto, PART, of -vedere. -veggente, 
ADJ. : foreseeing, -veggeuza, p'. : fore- 
sight (prevision). 

anti-vegnentef, ADJ.: preventing. =ve- 
niref, IRE. ; TE. : come beforehand with 
(anticipate); forestall; prevent, -venu- 
tot, PART, of -venire. 

anti='rigilia, P. : day before the eve. 

antologia [Gr. dnthos, flower, legein, 
gather],' p. : anthology. 

autono-iuasia [Gr. anti, instead, dnoma, 
name], p.: antonomasia. -mastico, ADJ.: 

antra-ee [Gr. -thrax], M. : anthrax. 

antro [L. -truni], M. : cave ; den ; grotto. 

antropo- [Gr. dnthropos, man] : -fagia 
[-fago], P. : anthropophagy, antropo- 


fago [Gr. phagein, eat], M.: cannibal; 
PL. : anthropophagi, -logia- [Gr. Idgog, 
discourse], P. : anthropology, -morfi- 
smo [-morfo], M. : anthropomorphism. 
-morfo [Gr. morphe, form], M. : manlike 
animal ; PL. : anthropomorpha. 

anulare [Li. 4us, little ring], M. : ring- 
finger; stone set in a ring; ring-shaped 
eclipse ; adj. : for a ring. 

anzi [L. ante], adv. : instead ; on the con- 
trary ; rather, nay ; beforef. 

anzi-f, often for anti-. 

auzia-nita, p. : ancientness (antiquity) : 
per — , by seniority, -nitlco, M. : seni- 
ority (eldership). ||anzia-no [1. L. an^ 
tianus (ante, before)], adj. : old ; senior ; 
M. : senior ; elder, -notto, adj. : rather 
old (oldish). 

auzi = c7!.e, CONJ. : before that; rather 
than; beaidesf. 

anzidetto [ante dettd], ADJ. : aforesaid. 

aocch.iare, etc. ^ adoechiare, etc. 

aoliato = oliato. 

aombrare [pmbra], TR. : shade ; intr. : 
be shaded. 

aonio [Aonid], adj. : Aonian (pertaining 
to the Muses). 

aorcaref, TR. : hang. 

aoristo [Gr. a-, not, horizein, define], M. : 

aormaret, TR. : trace. 

aorta [Gr. -te], P. : aorta. 

ap- [L. ad, to], prep. : ap-. 

apa-tia [Gr. a-, not, pathein, suffer], P. : 
apathy, -tista, pi. -tisti, M.: apathist, cold 
person, -tisticamente, adv.: apathetic- 
ally, -tistico, pi. — ci, adj. : apathetic. 

ape [L. apis], P. : bee. 

a-periref = aprire. -peritivo, ADJ. : 
aperitive (opening), -pertamente, ADV.: 
openly (publicly), -perto, fart, of 
-p(e)rire. -pertonef, ADV. : wide open. 
-pertore, M. : opener, -pertnra, P. : 
aperture (opening). 

apetalo [Gr. a-, not, p. .], ADJ. : apetalous. 

apiario [ape], w. : apiary. 

api-ee [L. apex], M. : apex (summit, top), 
climax ; tonic accent : Km — , a smallest 
bit. api-colof, M.: small peak. 

api = cult6re, M. : bee-breeder. =cnl- 
tura, P. : apiculture. 

apiro [Gr. a-, not, pHr, pike], adj.: in- 

aplnstre [L.] or -stro, M. : poop-orna- 

apo- [Gr. apo, from, away], peep. : apo-. 

apocalisse [Gr. apo-kaluptein, un-cover], 
P. : Apocalypse. 

apocope [Gr. ap6, kdptein, cut], P. : apo- 

apoorifo [Gr. apo, kruptein, hide], adj. : 
apocryphal (doubtful). 


apodittioo [Gr. apo - deiktuimi, point 
out], ADJ. : apodictic(al). 

apodo [Gr. a-, not, poils, foot], adj.: foot- 

apodosi [Gr. apo-doHs, giving back], F. : 



apofisi [Gr. ap6-pkysis, off-growth], F. : 

apoftegma, -temma [Gr. ap6, phthen- 
gestkai, speak], M. : apo(ph)thegm. 

apogeo [Gr. ap6, gaia, earth], M. : apo- 

apografo [Gr. apo, grdphein, write], M. : 
apograph (copy). 

Apol-line [-16], M. : (lit.) Apollo: stare 
in — , fare (eat) sumptuously, -lineo, 
ADJ.: ApoUonio. 

apolo-getico, ADJ. : apologetic. |l-gia 
[Gr. apo, logos, speech], F. : apology (de- 
fense), -gista, M.: apologist, -gi?- 
zare, INTS.: make apology, apolo-go, 
M. : apologue ; allegory. 

apo-plessia [Gr. ap6, plessein, strike], 
apoplexy. -plet(t)ico, adj.: apoplectic. 

apo-stasia [Gr. apo -stasia, standing 
off], f. : apostasy, apo-stata, pi. -stati, 
M. : apostate, -statare, intr. : aposta/- 
tize. -statricef, P. : apostate. 

apo-stemat [Gr. apo-stenai, stand off], 
F.: aposteme (abeess). -stemare, ints.: 
suppurate, -stemato , adj. : affected 
with an abscess. - stemaziene , F. : 
apostemation (formation of an abscess). 

apostillaf = poitilla. 

apo - stolato, M. : apostleship. -stoli- 
camente, ADV.: apostolically. -stoli- 
co, ADJ. : apostolic. ||apd-stolo [Gr. 
apo-stillein, send off], M. : apostle. 

apostro-faf = -fo. -fare, TE. : apostro- 
phize. ||apdstro-fe [Gr. apo -strophe, 
turning off], F. : apostrophe (rhetorical 
address), apostro-fo, M.: (gram.) apo- 

apotegma, -temma = apoftegma. 

apoteosi [Gr. apo, tkecdn, deify], F. : 

appa-eiaret, -eificare [pace], TB. : 
pacify (appease, calm). 

appadi^lionare [padiglione], TR. : use 
as a pavilion or tent ; pitch (a tent). 

appa-gabile, adj.: that may be ap- 
peased or satisfied, -gamentof, M.: pa^ 
cification: contentment. ||-gare [paga- 
re],TR.: appease (satisfy, content), appa- 
gof, M. : contentment. 

appa^rliaiare [paglia],TR.: stack (hay). 

appai-amento, M. : coupling (match- 
ing). Il-are [paio], TR. : pair (couple, 
match) ; join, -ato, PART. : paired (matched, 
suited to one another), -atura, F. : 
coupling (matching). 

ap=paleBare, TR. : discover (reveal). 

appallidiref = impallidire. 

appallott(ol)are [pallottola], TR.: form 
into small balls or pellets. 

ap-paltare, TR. : contract (bargain), 
lease, -paltatore, M. : contractor; 
leaser. ||-palto [root pact- in L. pac- 
tum], M. : PACT (contract, agreement, 
lease) ; place for making contracts ; to- 
bacco-shop, -paltone, M. : big talker, 
intriguer (meddling fellow). 

appanare [pane], TR. : reduce to the 
use of bread. 

appanicare [panico], TR. : accustom 
(birds) to millet. 

appannaggiot D- L- ap-panare (L. pa- 
nis, bread)', 'furnish with bread], M. : ap- 
panage; income. 

appan-namemto, M. : dimness, tarnish. 
Il-uare [panno], TB. : cover with a piece 
of clothf ; dim ; tarnish (dull); veil ; catch 
in a spider's webf; ensnaref. -nato, 
ADJ.: dimmed, etc.; abundant, -natoio, 
M. : that which dims ; veilf ; rubbing 
cloth (for horses), -natotto, ADJ.: 
rather fat or fleshy, -natura, P. : cov- 
ering (with cloth)t ; veiling ; dimming. 

ap - paramentof = paramento. |l=pa- 
rarof, TB.: prepare; adorn; vest; meet. 
-parato , PABT.f : prepared, etc. ; M. : 
preparation ; adornment ; pomp ; appa- 

apparec-cTiiamentot, M. : preparation ; 
PL.: goods. Il-cftiare [parecchio], TR. : 
arrange; prepare; set (the table); repl.: 
prepare one's self (get ready), -cfeia- 
taf = -chio. -cft-iatoref, M., -chia,- 
trieet, P. : preparer , dresser, -ehia,- 
tura = -cAio. apparec-c/iio, M.: ar- 
rangement (preparative); apparatus (im- 
plements); preparation; (paint.) ground- 

appareggiaref = pareggiare. 

apparenta. . t = imparenta. . 

appa - rente [-rire], adj. : apparent ; 
visible, -rentemente , ADV. : appar- 
ently, -renza, F. : appearance ; appari- 
tion: per — , for appearance's sake. 
Il-reref = rire. 

apparigrliare [pariglia], TE. : match or 
brace (horses) ; eefl. : combine (for an 
evil purpose). . 

appa-rire [L. -rere], iee.§ ; intr. : ap- 
pear, -riscente, ADJ.: apparent; visible; 
striking (splendid); graceful, -riscen- 
za , P. : appearance ; splendid appear- 
ance (splendor, stateliness). -rita, F. : 
first appearance, -rizione, -rsionef, 
P.: apparition, -rso, part, of -rire; adj. : 

§ Ind. : Pres. ap-parisco or -pdio, -parisci, 
-pari, -parisce or -pdre ; -paidmo (rare), -/^ 
rite, -pariscono or -pdiono. Pret. ap-parii 

34 appartamento 

or -pdrsi or -pArvt, etc. (opt'ly -pays-, -parv- 
in I, 3 sing., 3 pi.). Subj. : Pres. ap-parisca 
or (rare) -paia, etc. 

appar-tamento, M. : apartment. ||-ta- 
re \,'paTU\ TR. : set apart (separate); 
REFL. : withdraw one's self (retire), -ta- 
tamente, ADV. : apart (separately). 

apparte-nente, -j/nentef, ADJ. : per- 
taining (belonging); suitable, -nenza, 
F. : pertaining ; appurtenance. ||-nere, 
[L. ai, per-tinere, hold to, belong], lER. 
(cf. tenere); intr. : pertain; belong; be 
related ; be a member ; concern ; become 
(agree) : questo non m' appartiene, that 
does not concern me. apparte-nni, 
PBET., -ndtd, PART, of -nere. 

appas - saref = -sire, -simento, M. : 

appassio-namento, M. : growing pas- 
sionate ; passion, -nare, eepl. : con- 
ceive a passion, or ardent desire (desire 
eagerly), -natamemte, ADV. : passion- 
ately, -nato, M. : impassioned (passion- 
ate) ; strongly affected. 

appas-sire \_pass6], intr. : wither (fade) ; 
become stale or old. -sito, ADJ. : with- 
ered; stale (old). 

appastaref = impastare. 

appel-labile, ADJ.: appealable, -labi- 
lita, F.: liability of appeal, -lagionef, 
F., -lamentot, M. : appeal, -lante, 
ADJ.: appealing; M. : appellant. ||-lare 
[L.], TR.: call; summon; cite; intr.: ap- 
peal, -lativo, ADJ. : appellatory ; M. : 
(gram.) appellative : lasciare il propria 
per V — , leave the certain for the un- 
certain, -latorio, ADJ.: appellatory. 
-lazioue, F. : appellation, appel-lo, 
M. : call ; roll-call ; appeal ; challenge. 

ap=pena, ADV.: hardly (scarcely): — che, 
as soon as, no sooner than, -penaref, 
TR. : pain (distress). 

ap=p6ndere, IRR.§; TR. : append; hang 
up ; suspendt ; weighf. -pendi«e, F. : 
appendix; feuilleton (serial story at the 
foot of a newspaper), -pendizie, P. PL.: 
gratuity (of eggs, poultry, etc.) to the 

§ Pret. ap-pSsi or (rare) -pencUi. Part, ap- 
appeunecc/i/iaref, TR. : fill the distaff. 
Appennino, M.: Apennines; adj.: Apen- 

ap=pensaret, TR. : think out ; foresee. 

-pensatamentet, ADV. : on purpose 

app^so, FART, of -pendere. 
appestare [peste], TR. : infect. 
appe-t^nte ^ -titoso. -tenza = -tito. 

appe-teref [L. petere, seek] = -petire. 

-tibile, ADJ.: desirable; pleasing, -tire, 

TR. : desire ; intr. : feel a desire ; have 

an appetite, -tito, M. : appetite ; strong 


desire, -titosamente, ADV. : with ap- 
petite; eagerly, -titoso, ADJ.: appe- 
tizing ; attractive, -titoref, M. : appe- 
tizer, -tizione, P. : appetite ; desire. 

appettare [pcito], TR. : have at heart; 

ap=petto, PREP. : opposite (in compari- 

appez-zamento, M. : detached piece of 
Und. Il-zare [pezzo], TR. : piece togeth- 
er, -zatura, P. : piece ; piecing ; joint- 

appia-ceref = piacere. 

appiaeevolire [jnacevole], TR. : render 
agreeable ; soften. 

appia-namento, TR.: levelling; smooth- 
ing. Il-uare [piano], TR. : render level 
or smooth (level ; plane). 

appia-strare [impiastro], TR. : stick 
(fasten) ; fit ; Hefl. : adhere. -stri««f a- 
mento, M. : sticking (conglutination). 
-stri««iare, TR. : stick (glue). 

appiatt. . = rimpiatt. . 

appi-cca£rnolo, M.: hook; crook, -cca- 
mentof, M. : hanging up; fastening. 
-ooante, ADJ.: sticking (glutinous).. 
Il-ccare [L. picare (pix, pitch), tar], TR.: 
stickf; joint; attacht; hang up, Idndle 
(a fire) ; repl. : joinf ; meett ; catchf ; 
hang one's self ; kindle : — ilfuoco, kindle 
the fire (fire), -ccati-eeiot ADJ. : sticky; 
contagious; M.: importunate fellow, -cca- 
tivof, ADJ. : sticky ; contagious, -cca- 
toiof, M. : hook ; hold-fast, -ccatdra, 
p.: fastening; hanging, -eeiatnra, F. : 
candle fee (paid for candle burned). 

appicco-lamentot, M. : diminution. ||-la- 
ref, -lire [piccolo], TR.: diminish (lessen). 

ap=pie, PREP. : at the foot or bottom. 

ap^pieno, ADV,. : completely (quite). 

appig - gionamento, M. : house-rent 
(rent). ||-gionare [pigione], TR. : let; 
rent out (a' house, etc.) -g^onasi, M. : 
('for rent') placard or notice (announcing 
a house for rent). 

apspij/Kare, REFL. : attach one's self to 
(choose), --piglio, M. : pretext ; trick. 

appigriref = impigrire. 

appillottaret, REPL. : linger (loiter). 

appiu-zare [pinzo], TR. : sting, -zato- 
ra, p. : sting. 

appiof, M. : parsley ; celery. 

appiola, P., -lo [Gr. dpion], M. : pippin 

ap-piomlio [or a piombo], adv. : perpen- 
dicularly (plumb). 

appioppare [pioppo], TR.: tie (a vine) 
to a poplar ; join ; apply ; give (a blow, 
etc.) ; fix. 

ap-pisolare [pisola], refl. : take a 
nap (slumber). 

applau-dente, ADJ.: applauding; M. : 


applauder. H'-dopot.-dire \h.plaudere]; 
TR. : clap the hands ; applaud, -ditdrej 
M.: applauder. applan-so, m.: applause 
(plaudit) ; noise, -soref,' m. : applauder. 
appli-caUle, ADJ.: applicable, -ca- 
mentof, M. : application. ||-care [L. 
plieare, fold], tr. : apply (fit); refl. : 
apply or devote one's self, -oatamen- 
te, ADV.: diligently (intently), -cato, 
ADJ. : applied ; prone. -catore, M. : 
applier; fitter, -oazione, F. : applica- 
tion; assiduity. 

appot, PREP. : near ; by ; with ; ADV. : in 


appode-ramento , M. : farming. || -r aref 

[podere], tr. : farm ; eefl. : take to 


appo - diamento t, M . : enfeoffment. 

Il-diaret, TK. : enfeoff. 
appog-giamentof, M.: elbow prop ; sup- 
port. Il-giapo p. L. ap-podiare (L. po- 
dium, elevation)], TR. : support (against 
some elevated object) ; lean ; prop ; refl.: 
support one's self Qean) ; seek protection ; 
trust, -g^atoio, M. : support (prop). 
-giatiura, P. : support(ing) ; leaning ; 
appoggiatura (passing tone). appog- 
|rfo, M. : support (prop) ; protection. 
appollaiare [polio], refl.: roost; lodge. 
appoiiii«iaret, TR. : rub with pumice. 
ap=pdneret = apporre. -pommentof, 
M., -ponizionef, P. : addition (supple- 
ment). ||=p6rre, IRK. ; TR. : put ; affix ; 
impute (attribute); object; blame; repl.: 
guess (conjecture). 
ap = portare, TR.: bring; cause; an- 
nonncet; allegef. -portatoro, M., -por- 
tatri«e, P. : bringer. 
ap-positamente, ADV.: on purpose; 
appositelyf. -positivof, -positiziof, 
ADJ.: put on (fictitious). ||=pdsito, 
ADJ.: intentional; subjoinedf. -posizio- 
ne, F. : addition ; apposition. 
apposolare [posola], TR. : harness ; bur- 

ap=p6sta, ADV. : on purpose (expressly). 
-postamento, M. : lying in wait (am- 
bush), -postare, TR. : watch or lie in 
wait for. -postatoref, M. : waylayer. 
apposto, PART, of apporre. 
appostoi. .f = apostol. . 
appozzare [pozza], TK. : make pools of ; 
REPL. : fill with water. 
appra - timento, M. : making into a 
meadow. ||-tiro [prato], TE. : make a 
meadow of. 
•ppregiaref = apprezzare. 
appren-dente, ADJ.: learning; M.: learn- 
er; apprentice. ||appren-dere [L. ad- 
prehendere, seize], irk. (cf. prendere): 
TR- : learn (Bng.f apprehend) ; seizet ; ap- 
prehendt; REPL.t: hold to; take root; 

approsslmazione 35 

kindle, -devole, ADJ.: that may be 
learned, -dimento, M. : learning ; ap- 
prehensionf. -dista, pi. -disti, M. : ap- 
prentice, -sibilet, ADJ.: conceivable. 
-sione, P.: apprehension. -sionire, 
REFL.: apprehend, -sivaf, P.: faculty 
of conception, -sivo, adj. : apprehensive 
appresentaret, TR. : represent (show) ; 
REFL. : appear. 

appreso, PART, of apprendere. 
ap-pressamento, M. : approach, -pres- 
sare, TR. : put or draw near ; refl. : 
approach. ||=ppesso, adv. : near (hard 
by); almost (nearly); a little later (soon); 
afterwards: V anno — , the following 
year ; — a poco, about ; poeo — , soon af- 
terwards ; — che, after that (since). 
appro - stamento, M.: preparation. 
Il-stare [presto], tr. : make ready (pre- 
pare) ; provide; refl.: prepare one's 
self (get ready), -stato, adj.: prepared 
(ready), appre-stof, ADJ. : prepared; 
M. : preparation. 
apprezia. .f = apprezza. . 
apprez-zabile, ADJ. : appreciable ; val- 
uable, -zamento, M. : appreciation ; 
estimate. ||-zape [pregio], tk. : appre- 
ciate ; value (rate), -zativof, ADJ. : to 
be appreciated (commendable). -zat6re, 
M. : valuer (appraiser). 
approb. .f = approv. . 
ap>prO'e«'iare [h.propius, nearer], refl. : 
approachf; make approaches to (a fort). 
-pp6€-Gio,M.: (besieger's) advanced work 
ap-prodare [proda], INTE. : come to 
shore (land); profit; (agr.) bank; border 
(with vines). 
approfittare [profitto'], INTR. : profit. 
approfon-damento, -dimento, M. : 
deepening; investigation. H-dare [fon- 
do], TR. : deepen ; go deep(er) into (exam- 
ine thoroughly, investigate). 
approntare [pronto], TR. : prepare well, 
appro-piamento, M. : adaptation ; ap- 
propriation. l|-p(r)iape [prop(r)io],'rR.: 
apply properly or fitly (adapt); comparef; 
applyt ; imitatet ; refl. : appropriate ; 
approachf. -piatamente, adv. : with 
propriety ; conveniently, -piato, adj. : 
adapted; convenient (suitable), -pia- 
zione, F. : adaptation ; appropriation. 
appropinquaref, TR. : approach. 
approposito = a proposito. 
appropria. .f = appropia. . 
approssi-mamento, M. : approach. 
II -mare [prosnmo], TK. : approach ; 
REPL. : approach (draw near), -mativa- 
znente, adv. : approximatively. -ma- 
tivo, ADJ. : approximate, -mazidne, 
f. : approach ; approximation. 



appTo-vdliile, ADJ. : approvable. -va- 
gionef = -vazione. -vamentot, M., 

-Vanza, F. : approbation. ||-va,re [L. 
probare, deem good], TR. : approve ; con- 
firm, -vatamente, ADV. : with approv- 
al, -vatore, M. : approver, -vazione, 
P. : approbation. 

approvec«iaret, INTR. : profit. 

approvvigio. . = approvisio, , 

i^pproTvisio-uamento, M. : provision- 
ing; supply. ||-n4re Iprovisione], TR. : 
provision (supply). 

appun-tamente, ADV. : precisely, -ta- 
mento, M. : appointment (stipulation, 
agreement); pay (Eng.f appointment). 
II -tare [punta], TE. : point (sharpen); 
point (direct the point of) ; direct ; set ; 
fix; stitch (together); jot down (note); 
blame (reprove), -tatina, F. : four dots. 
-tato, ADJ. : pointed, sharp ; stitched ; 
noted ; formal, -tatora, F., -tatore, M., 
-tatrice, P.: pointer; stitcher; censurer. 
-tatura, F. : pointing ; marking ; cen- 
sure, -tellare [puntello], TR. : prop 
(support), -tino, M. : brief note ; prom- 
issory note; receipt ; ADJ.: quick in repar- 
tee (ready); adv.: with precision (exactly, 
just in time), appdn-to, M.: brief note 
(record or sketch) ; cheque ; censure ; 
adv. : precisely (exactly) ; yes, indeed ; 
but just, hardly : per I' — , yes, indeed ; 
surely ; hardly ; mettersi in — , get ready. 

appnrare [puro], TE : purify (cleanse). 

appnz-zamento, M. : stench. ||-zare 
[puzzo], TR.: fill with an offensive smell or 
stench (infect). 

apr-ente, adj. : opening, -ico, adj. : 
open to the sunlight (sunny) ; luminous ; 
fond of the sunlight, -ilante, adj. : 
(pop.) of April, -lie, M.: April -imen- 
tof, M. : opening. ||-ire [L. a-perire 
(^ffirere, produce)], IRE.§ ; TR.: open (open 
up ; disclose ; discover ; rbfl. : open (burst 
open); expand, -itivof, adj. : opening 
(aperient), -itof ^ aperto. -itope, M., 
-itri«e, F. : opener ; housekeeper ; box- 
keeper, -itura, F.: opening; disclosure. 

§ Pres. d^rOy etc. Pret. aphrsi or aprii^ aphr- 
se or apri; apirseroor aprirotto. Part, aphrto. 

apside [Gr. &psis, arch], p. : apsis. 

aqu-a. .f = acqua. , -ario [L. -rius], 
M.: (asir.) Aquarius ; aquarium, -e. .t = 
acque. . 

aqni - la [L.], M. : EAGLE, -legia, F. : 
ranunculus, -lifero, ADJ. : eagle-bear- 
ing, -lino, ADJ. : aquiline (of an eagle ; 
hooked), -louare, adj. : northerly. -16- 
ne, M.: north wind; Eng.f aquilon. -lot- 
to, M. : young eagle (eaglet). 

aquo. . = aequo. . 

apa [L.], F. : small altar. 

a-rabesco, ADJ.: Arabian; M. : ara- 


besque. ||-rabico [Arabia], pi. -rabici. 
ADJ.: Arabic. 

arabile [arare], ADJ. : arable. 

arabo, ADJ. : Arabian (Arabic). 

ara-£rnat, -j/nof = ragna, ragno. 

aral-do, or -da [OGer. heri-walto, army- 
servant], M. : herald, aral-dico, adj. : 

aramento [arare], M. : ploughing (culti- 

aran-eia, P. : orange, -ciata, P. : or- 
angeade (lemonade), -eiato, adj. : or- 
ange-coloured ; M. : orangery. -c(i)6ra, 
p. : store-room for oranges, -cina, F. : 
little orange. -«ino, M. : small orange- 
tree. Ilaran-eio [? fr. Pers.], M. : or- 
ange-tree, --eione, adj. : orange-col- 
oured ; M. : orange-colour. 

ara-re [L.], TR. : plough (cultivate), -ti- 
(v)o, adj. : cultivable, ara-tolo, M. : 
(vulg.) plough, -tore, M. : ploughman ; 
husbandman ; ADJ. : ploughing, -torio, 
ADJ. : agricultural, ara-tro, M. : plough. 
-tura, F. : ploughing (tillage). 

araz-zeria, F.: tapestry-wares, -ziere, 
M. : tapestry - maker ; tapestry - seller. 
Ilaraz-zo [Arras, French city], M. : tap- 
estry (hangings). 

arbintrot = laberinto. 

arbi-tra, F. : arbitress. -traggio, M. : 
arbitration, -trante, ADJ. : arbitrating.; 
M. : arbitrator, -trare, intr. : arbitrate 
(decide) ; eepl. : make up one's mind. 
-trariamente, ADV.: arbitrarily, -tra- 
rio, ADJ. : arbitrary, -trato, part, of 
-trare; M. : arbitration (arbitrage); re- 
form commission, -tratore, M. : arbi- 
trator (umpire), arbi-trio, M. : free- 
will; absolute power; arbitrary act (ar- 
bitrament, pleasure). i|arbi-tro [L. 
-ter], M. : arbiter (arbitrator). 

ar-boratof, ADJ.: woody. Ilarbo-ref 
[L. -r], M. : tree (= albero). -boreo, 
ADJ. : arboreous. -boTes«ente, adj. : 
arborescent, -boretof, m". : grove, -bo- 
rizzato, ADJ.: arborized. -boroso, 
ADJ.: woody, -boscello, M., -boscellaf, 
P. :^ shrub, -bnstinof, M. : wild wine. 
-busto, M. : shrub, -'bntof, M.; arbute. 

arc- [Gr. arcU-, chief, first, old], prep.: 

area [L.], F. : cask or tomb (of stone) ; 
ARK; bierf; boxf; treasure. 

ar-cade [Arcadia], adj. or M.: Arcadian. 
-oadico, pi. -cadiei, adj.: Arcadic; 
tender; simple. 

arcadoref, M. : ARCHER. 

arca-ico [Gr. -ikos], adj.: archaic. 
-ismo, M. : archaism. 

arcale [-ca], M.: arch (of a doorway); arc- 

arcamet = carcdme. 


arcanamente [arcareo], adv. : myste- 
riously (secretly). 

arc=aiigelo, -angiolo, M. : archangel. 

arcano' [L. -nus {area, chest)], M. : arca- 
num (mystery) ; adj. : hidden (secret). 

ar-caref [-co], TE. : dart, shoot (an ar- 
row); ABCH; cheat, -oata, F.: arch ; touch 
with the fiddle-bow; bow-shotf (distance); 
intervalf. -cato, adj. : arched (curved). 
-catore, M. : archer (bowman); cheat. 

arc=aTola, P. : great-great-grandmother. 
-avolo, M. : great-great-grandfather. 

aree [L.], P. : fort. 

arch^eggiaret, TR. : arch (bend). 

arc7«.e6-logia [Gr. archaios, old, l6gos, 
discourse], P. : archeology, -logicamen- 
te, ADV.: archeologically. -logico, adj.: 
archeologic(al). arcTieo-logb, M. : ar- 

arcTietipo [Gr. arche-, chief, tUpos, 
stamp], M. : archetype. 

ar-c7iettino, -chetto \arcd\, M. : small 
arch; bird-pole (to catch birds); trick; 

axchi- [Gr. archi-, chief, first], peef. : 
archi- : for words not found under archi-, 
cf . am-. 

arcMacdto [arco, acuta], ADJ. : with a 
pointed or Gothic arch. 

arcMatro [Gr. archi-, chief, iatros, phy- 
sician], M. : archiater. 

archilm^i. . ^= archibus. . 

arcTii-bnsaret, TB. : shoot, -busata, 
P.: arquebuse-shot; gun-shot. -Tjusierat, 
P. : loop-hole, -bnsiere, M. : arquebusier. 
Il-bnso [?], arquebuse. 

arc7t.i=diacoiia = arcidiacono. 

arcTii^ginnasio, M. . first university (so 
called in Rome and Boulogne). 

arc7i.i=inaiidrita, M. : archimandrite. 

cLTchizaf. . = alchim. . 

arcM=peiidolo or=peiizolo, M.: plum- 

arcM-tetta, F. : architect ; architect's 
wife, -tettare, TR. : build (construct) ; 
contrive. ||-tetto [Gr. archi-, chief, 
Ukton, workman], M. : architect, -tet- 
tonicamente, ADV.: architectonically. 
-tettonico, ADJ.: architectonic(al). -tet- 
t6net^-ie<to. -tettara, P.: architec- 

arcft.i=tra-ve,M.: architrave. -vata,P.: 
arrangement of architraves, -vato, ADJ. : 
architraved. -vatara, P. : placing of 
architraves ; architraves {collect.) 

arc7i.i-viabile, ADJ. : to be (or that may 
be) registered, -viaro, TK. : register 
(record), -viatnra, -viazione, F. : 
registration. ||arcft.i-vio [L. -vmri], M. : 
archive (record oifice). -vista, pi. -msti, 
M. : archivist (recorder). 

arci-, PEEF. := archi-: =bello, very 

arem 37 

beautiful, ^benissimo, ADJ. : exceed- 
ingly well. =brioo6ne, M. : scoun- 
drel. =bnff6ne,M.: archfool. =diaoono, 
M. : archdeacon, -duca, M. : archduke. 
-dncale, ADJ. : archducal. -ducato, 
M. : archdukedom. -dncTtessa, P. : arch- 

arciere [arco], M. : archer. 

ar«i=fanfano, M. : great boaster (swag- 

ar-eic^namente, ADV.: gruflSy. -ei- 
gnozza,, gruffness (crossness). ||-eigno 
[?], ADJ. : gruff (grouty, harsh). 

ar«i=iiiastro, M. : head-master. 

ar«£6ne [arco], M. : saddle-bow. 

ar«ipelago [Gr. aigio-pelago, ^gean 
Sea], M. : archipelago. 

ar«i=prete, M.: archpriest. -pretura, 
P. : office of archpriest ; archpresbytery 

ar«i=spedale, M. : chief hospital. 

ar«i-vescovado, M. : archbishop's resi- 
dence, -vescovile, -vescovalef, ADJ. : 
archiepiscopal. -vescovato, M. : arch- 
bishopry. ||=vescoTO, M. : archbishop. 

arco [L. -eus], M. : arc(h) ; bow (the weap- 
on); fiddle-bow; eyebrow: coll' — dell'osso 
della schiena, with all force or energy; 
ad — , like an arch. =baleno, M. : rain- 
bow. =balestro, M., =balista, P. : ar- 

arcolaio [?], M. : reel, winder ; phantast ; 
jugglerf : PL. : whims (castles in the air). 

ar-coneellof, dim. of arco. -cone, M.: 
great bow. 

arconte [Gr. drchon, ruler], M. : arohon. 

ar-cnato [arco], ADJ.: curved (bent). 
-ca«€io, M. : cradle tester. 

ar-dente, ADJ. : burning (ardent, passion- 
ate). - dentemente, ADV.: ardently. 
-denza, P. : ardour ; heat ; burning de- 
sire. Ilar-dere [L.], IRR.§ ; inte.: bum. 
§ Pret. drsi, -se; -sero. Part. irao. 

ardesiaf, P. : slate. 

ardi£rli6ne [Pr.: Aarde, stick], M.: tongue 
of a buckle. 

ardi-meuto, M. : boldness (impudence). 
-inent6so,ADj.: bold (impudent), -men- 
tosamente, ADV. : boldly. ||ardi-re 
[OGer. hardi, haed], inte. : be bold (dare, 
venture); M. : boldness (daring); impu- 
dence, -tamente, ADV. : boldly, -tello, 
ADJ. : rather bold, -tezza, F. : boldness 
(daring) ; HARDlhood, impudence, ardi- 
to, ADJ. : bold (daring). 

ardore [L. -dor], M. : ardour (fervour); 
passionate desire. 

ar-dnamente, ADJ. : arduously, -dni- 
taf, P. : arduousness. ||ar-dno [L. ar- 
dvAis, steep], adj. : arduous (difficult). 

arduraf = arsura. 

area [L.], P. : area. 

arem [fr. Ar.], M. : harem. 

ard-na [L.], F. : sand ; arena (amphithea- 
tre); shoret ; landf. -naceo, adv.: 
sandy, -nario, ADJ. : sandy ; M. : sand- 
stone ; PL. gladiators : grotta — a, cata- 
comb, -nosita, F. : sandiness. -n^so, 
ADJ. : sandy. 

arenteti ADJ. : arid (dry). 

areola [area], F. : small area (spot). 

areo. .f = aero. . 

areo-pagita, M. : areopagite. ||-pago 
[Gr. -pag'os], M. : areopagus. 

arfa-sattello, -satto [?], M. : vulgar 
tiling or fellow. 

arganello, dim. of -gano. &rgano [?], 
M. : lever (windlass, capstan). 

argen-taiot = -tiere. -talef = -tino. 
-tapof, TR. : silver (plate with silver). 
-t&to, ADJ. : silvered (plated with silver) ; 
silvery, -tatoref, M. : one that silvers 
over, argen-teo, ADJ. : silvery, -teria, 
silver-plate, -tiera, P.: silver-mine. 
-tiere, M. : silver-smith, -tifera, F. : 
silver-mine, -tifero, adj. : argentifer- 
ous, -tino, ADJ. : silver-coloured (sil- 
very). ||argen-to [L. -iam], M.: silver; 
moneyt : — 'vivo, quicksilver (mercury). 

argigli. .t = argill. . 

argil-la [L.], P.: argil (potter's clay). 
-la«eo,'iADJ.: argillaceous, -loso, ADJ.: 

argi-nale, U. : long dam or causeway. 
-nam^nto, M. : embankment, -nare, 
TR. : build (an embankment or causeway). 
-natura, F. : embankment. ||argi-me 
pj. ag-ger {ad, gerere, bring), heap], M. : 
embankment (bank, causeway),; barrier. 
-nello, -uetto, -nino, dim. of -ne. 
-none, aug. of -ne. 

argosrli. . ^ inorgogli. . 

argomen-tabile, ADJ. : subject to argu- 
ment (debatable), -ta-ecio, M. : bad ar- 
gument, -tare, INTR. : argue (reason); 
concludef; REFL-I: strive, -tatore, M. : 
arguer (reasoner). -tazione, F. : argu- 
mentation. Ilargomen-to [L. -tum], w. : 
argument; proof; subject (plot), -tosof, 
ADJ. : persuasive. 

argonauta [Gr. -tes], M. : (myth.) argo- 
naut ; (zool.) -ta. 

argn-ire [L. -ere], intr. : argue (infer, 
conclude) ; reprimand.f -ment. . = ar- 
goment. . 

argn-tamente, ADV. : ingeniously, -tez- 
za, F. : subtlety (finesse, witty conceit). 
Ilargu-to [L. -tus {-ere, argue)], adj. : 
sharp-witted (subtle, ingenious), argn- 
zia, F. : qu'ik-wittedness; subtility; wit- 

aria [L. aer, air.], f. : air (atmosphere) ; 
mien (style) ; (mus.) aria (air, song) ; colpo 
a — , cold (catarrh) ; non esser — , be in- 
opportune ; darti — , put on airs (pre- 


tend); fare — , clear; aver V — di, look 
like ; a — , at about. 

ari-damente, ADV. : dryly, -dezza, P. : 
aridity. ||ari-do [L. -duB {arere, dry)], 
ADJ. : arid (dry). 

arieggtare [aria], INTR. : resemble. 

arien* ,t ^ argent. . 

ar-ietare, TR. : batter (ram). Il-iete [L. 
aries], m. : ram ; battering-ram ; aries. 

arietta [aria], F. : arietta (short aria). 

arimm. . ^ aritm. . 

aringa [OGer. harinc], P. : HERRING. 

aringf. . = arring. . 

ariolof, M. : diviner. 

arioso [aria], ADJ. : airy. 

arismf. . := aritm. . 

arista [L.], P. : chine of pork. 

ari-stat = resta. 

aristarco [Aristarclius],TA.: severe critic. 

aristo - cratico, aristd- crate, ADJ.: 
aristocratio(al). ||-crazia [Gr. dristos, 
best, kratein, rule], P. : aristocracy. 

arit-metica [Gr.-mos, number],?.: arith- 
metic, -meticamente, ADV. : arith- 
metically, -metico, ADJ.: arithmetic- 
(al); M.: arithmetician. 

arlec-c/i-inata, P. : buffoonery. -cM- 
nesco, ADJ. : buffoon. ||-cA.ino [?], M.: 
harlequin (buffoon). 

arlottot, M. : stupid fool. 

armaf = arme. -collet, ADV. : ad — , 
over the shoulder ; across. 

armad. .f = armat. . 

armadietto, M. : small clothes-press. 
Ilarma-dio [L. -rium {arma, weapon)], 
M. : clothes - press. -di6ne , M. : large 

armadillo [Sp.], M. : {zn'il.) armadillo. 

ar-niai(n)dlo, M. ; armorer; gunsmith. 
- mamentariot, M. : surgical instru- 
ments. - mamento , M. : armament. 
-mare, TR. : arm (equip), -mario = 
-madio. -mata, P. : armament (military 
forces, land and naval) ; force, troop ; 
{rare) army; navy (fleet): — di mare, 
fleet ; — di terra, army, -matamente, 
ADV. : with arms, -matella, P. : small 
fleet, -matore, M.: equipper (of ships); 
privateer, -matnra. P.: armour (breast- 
plate) ; armament ; framework, timber- 
work. ||ar-me [L. -ma], p.: arm (weapon); 
armour: — bianca, bare weapon; — corta, 
'short weapon' (dagger, pistol, etc.); — 
dafuoco, fire-arm ; — d'asta, spear, lance; 
visa dell'—, sullen look; far d'—, fight. 
-meggeriaf, P.: tournament (joust). 
-meggevole , adj. : fighting, -meg- 
giamento, -meggiare, intr.: wield 
weaponf; fightf; joustf; fumble ; be con- 
fused; be puzzled, puzzle one's self. 
-meggiatore, M.: fighterf; tilterf; agi- 
tator'. ■ -meggio, M : agitation ; brawl. 


-meggione, M., -megg^ona, F.: busy- 
body '(meddling fellow).' ' 
armellinat, -not = ermellino. 
ax - inent4Tiot, ADJ. : of cattle, M. : 

herdsman. ||-meuto [L. -mentum], m. : 

herd of cattle. 
ar-meria [arme], F. : armory (arsenal). 

-migero, ADJ. : warlike. 

armil-la [armo], F. : bracelet (armlet, 
armilla). -lare, ADJ. : armillary. 

armistizio [1. L. -stitium], M.: armistice. 

^Tinot pj. -mus], M. : shoulder. 

armo-nia [Gr. harmonia], F. : harmony, 
-nialef = -nico. armo-nica, F.: har- 
monica, -nicamente, ADV.: harmonious- 
ly, armo-nioo, ADJ.: harmoni(cal) ; 
harmonious, -niosamente, adv. : har- 
moniously, -nioso , ADJ. : harmonious. 
-nizzamento, M. : harmonizing, -niz- 
i&re, TR. : harmonize ; accord. 

a'nnora««iot, M. : horse-radish. 

arnese [Eng. hamessi, M. : harness 
(annourf; gear); implement (utensil); ap- 
paratus ; vestment, dress ; baggagef; bad 
fellow : male in — , poorly attired. 

ar-nia [?], F. : bee-hive, -niaio, M. : 
place for bee-hives. 

arnica [?], F. : (pharm.) arnica. 

arnione [ji. renio], M.: kidney; PL.: eeins. 

apo [area], M.: are (100 square meters). 

aro-ma [Gr.], F.: aroma, -matariof, 
M. : seller of aromas (druggist), -mati- 
ohezzat, -niati«itat, F. : aromatic 
quality (JEragrance). -matico, adj.: aro- 
matic; spicyt; extravagantf; M.: aromaf 
(perfume), -matizaare, TR.: aromatize 
(perfume), -matot, adj.: aromatic; m.: 

arpa [O.Ger. harpha], f.: harp. 

arpa - gonaret, TR. : harpoon ;■ grapple. 
Il-gonef, M. : harpoon. 

arpeg-giamento, M. : harping. Il-gia- 
re [drpa], intr.: play on the harp ; Harp. 
arpeg-gio, M. : harping; arpeggio. 

appose [IJ. harpa, hook], M.: crampiron. 

arpia [L. harpya], m.: harpy ; miser. 

arpicare [Fr. harpe, claw (Gr., sickle)], 
TR. : climb up. 

arpioordo, M.: harpsichord. 

arpione [L. harpa, hook], M. : hinge; 

arpista, M.: harpist (harper). 

arra [L. harrd], F. : earnest-money. 

arratjattare [? Ger. arbeiten, work], 
REFL.: work hard (strive). 

arrab-1>ianiento, M.: madness. H-bia- 
re [rabhia'\, intr.: be infected with 
rabies ; be mad or furious ; be much 
troubled ; refl. : get troubled or vexed : 
— dallafame, die of hunger; starve; — 
dalla sete, die of thirst, -biatamente, 
ADV. : madly. -Watello, ADJ. : vexed 



(irate), -biato, adj.: seized with rabies 

(mad, furious) ; too salt ; in a hurry ; 


arraff(i)are [raffio], is,.: snatch; grapple. 
arrania««iaret, TR. : drive in a sledge. 
arrampioare [rampare], refl. : climb 

arrancare [ranca], INTR.: hobble along; 

row with full speedf. 

arran-cidiret, INTR. : become rancid. 

arrandellare[r(i7i<2e22o],TR.: fling away; 
(beat down) ; sell cheap ; tighten (with a 

arrangol&ref, intr. : fret ; be uneasy ; 
be angry. 

arrantolatof, ADJ. : hoarse ; rough. 

arrapi-nare [rapina], refl. : toil hard 
(strive), -nato, adj.: passionate; eager. 

arrappa-ret = arraffare. -toref, M. : 

arrasparef = raspare. 

arrataf = arra. 

ar=recare, TR. : bring ; cause ; reducef ; 
attributet; allegef. 

ar-redare,TR.: ornament; furnish. ||-pe- 
do [?], M. : ornament ; equipmentf. 

arrem-baggio, M. : boarding (a ship). 
II -bare [Gf. 'rA^mfteiM, wrench], intr.: be 
boarded, -bato, adj. : boarded ; jaded. 
-bat^ra, F. : boarding. 

arre - namento, M. : running aground 
(stranding). ||-nape [rena], INTR. : run 
aground or ashore (strand) ; fail. 

arren-dameuto, M. : lease, -datoref, 
M. : renter. ||ar=rendere, IRR. ; REFL. : 
surrender (give up ; yield) ; comply, -de- 
Tole, ADJ. : yielding ; flexible (supple) ; 
docile. -devolezza, F. : flexibility; 
docility, -devolmente, ADV. : pliantly ; 
submissively, -dimontof, M. : yielding 

arrequiaref = requiare. 

arreso, PART, of arrendere. 

arre=stamentot, M. : arresting (arrest). 
Il-stare [resta], TR.: arrest; seize (catch); 
REFL. : stop ; restrain one's self, -sta- 
zionef, F., arre-sto, M. : arrest. 

arre-tare, -tioaref [rete], TR. : catch in 
a net (ensnare). 

arre-trare [retro], TR.: hold back 
(check) ; refl. : go back (recoil). -trA- 
to, ADJ. : drawn back ; checked ; left be- 
hind ; unpaid ; m. : arrears. 

arrettiziof, ADJ. : possessed (by demons). 

arrezzaref, TR. : shade (screen). 

arri or arri la [?], interj. : get up ! (to 

arric-oTiimento, M. : enrichment ; or- 
namentation. Il-cfciro [ricco], TR. : en- 
rich ; ornament ; intr., refl. : become 
rich ; be enriched (be adorned). 

arri«-eiamento, M. : frizzle; shiver; 



horror (fright). W-eiare [riecio], TB. : 
bristle or curl up (put on end) ; frizzle : 
— il mu«ot, get furious; — nn muro, 
rough-cast a wall. -«iatura, P. : bris- 
tling; curling; rough-cast, arric-eio, 
M. : rough-cast wall, -eiolamento, M.: 
curling; curls, -eiolare [riccioZo], TE.: 
curl. -«iolato, ADJ. : curled ; curly. 
-eiolin. .f = -ciol. . 

arrioorda. .f = ricorda. . 

ar=ridere, IRE. ; TR. : smile upon (favour). 

arriffaref, TE. : raffle ; stake. 

arrin-ga [OGer. hring, ring], P. : HA- 
RANGUE (public oration) ; pleading, -ga- 
mento, M.: (jest.) harangue (long speech). 
-gare, TR. : harangue ; plead before. 
-gatiret, M. : haranguer. -gfooriaf, 
P.: harangue (pleading), arrin-go, M.: 
lists ; bart : difender V — f. accept a chal- 

arriparet) INTE. : land. 

arris-oftiante, ADJ.: risking (ventur- 
ous). 11-cft.iare \risclii6\, TE., EBFL. : 
risk (hazard; venture). -cJ'iiataineiite, 
ADV. : hazardously ; daringly, -c/tiato, 
ADJ. : risked ; risky (hazardous ; venture- 
some), -cftievolet, ADJ. : venturesome 
(rash), arris-cft-iot = rischio. 

arri-si, peet., -so, paet. of arridere. 

arrisic. . := arrischi. . 

arrissaref, INTR. : wrangle (quarrel). 

arristia. . (vulg.) = arrischia. . 

arri- vamentof ^ -w. Il-varo [L. 
ad ripam, 'to the shore'], inte. : come 
ashoref ; arrive ; come to the end ; reachf; 
suffice ; succeed ; hit ; TR. : join ; overtake ; 
equal : — bene, succeed well ; be well re- 
ceived ; non ci -vo, I cannot reach it ; it 
is beyond me. -vato, part. : arrived, 
etc. : ben — , welcome ! arri-vo, M. : 

arrizzaref = rizzare. 

arrobbiaret, TE. : dye with madder. 

arrocaret, INTE. . grow hoarse. 

arroccare \Toccd\, INTE. : castle (at 

arroccMare [roccMo], TE. : cut to pieces ; 
cobble; botch. 

arrocTtire [roeo], TR. : make hoarse. 

arro-gantac-eio, ADJ. : very arrogant ; 
M. : arrogant fool. -gantaref, TR. : 
treat with arrogance, -gante, ADJ. : 
arrogant ; M. : arrogant fellow, -gante- 
mente, ADV. : arrogantly, -gantone, 
ADJ. : very arrogant, -ganza, P. : arro- 
gance. II -gare [,rogare'\, TR. : adopt; 
EEPL. . arrogate ; claim (assume), -ga- 
zi6ne, P.: adoption, arro-gere, lEE. ; 
TR. : join (add, give to boot).' -gimen- 
tot, M. : addition. 

arro-lamento, M. : enrolment, jl-laref 
\riu)ol6\, TR. : enroll (enlist, register). 


arromperef ^= rompere. 

arroncaret, TR. : weed (root out). 

arron-eiffliare [ronciglio], TR. : grapple ; 
REPL. : writhe (twist). 

arros-samento, M. : making or turning 
red. Il-sare [rosso], TR. : make red; 
INTR. : turn red. -simento, M. : blush- 
(ing). -sire, INTE. : turn red ; blush. 

arrostaret [rosta], TE. : fan away (flies); 
fan ; agitate ; twist. 

arro-stimentot, M. : roasting, -stire, 
TE. : roast ; toast ; cheat : manzo -stito, 
roast-beef. ||arr6-sto [OGer. rost, grid- 
iron], M. : roast meatf; blunder. 

arro-taf [-to]. P.: addition; overplus: 
per — , in addition, moreover. 

arro-tamento, M. : whetting, -tante, 
ADJ. : whetting ; whetter (knife-grinder) ; 
whetstonef. ||-tare [rota], TE. : grind 
(on a grindstone), whet (sharpen) ; smooth; 
grind; murmur; rack (stretch on the 
wheel) ; EEPL. : strain one's self (strive) ; 
clash by the wheels (of carriages), -tato, 
PART. : ground, etc. ; dappled, -tatura, 
p. : grinding (whetting ; smoothing), -ti- 
no, M. : knife-grinder. 

arrdto, PART, of arrogere; M. : aid; ad- 

arrotolare [rotolo], TR. : make a roll of 

arrovel-lare [rovello], TR. : make an- 
gry (infuriate) ; refl. : get angry, -la- 
tamente, ADV.: furiously, -lato, adj.: 
angered (furious). 

arroven-tare [rovente], TE. . make red- 
hot, -tatdra, P. : heating red ; glow. 
-timento, M. : getting red-hot. -tire, 
TE. : make red-hot (us'ly -tare), INTR. : 
grow red-hot. -tito, adj.: red-hot (glow- 

arrove - sciamento, M. : overthrow, 
il-seiare [roveseiare], TR. : turn upside 
down or about, overthrow; repl.: get up- 
set ; turn the wrong way, take a bad turn. 
-sciatura, F. : overthrow, arrove- 
scio or a rovescio'f, adv. : on the wrong 
side, contrary to expectation, contrari- 
onsly, badly. 

arrozzire [rozzo], INTR. : become rough ; 
TR. : make rough. 

arrnbinare [rubino], TR. : redden, RUBY. 

arruf-fare [ruffa], TR. : dishevel, ruffle. 
-fatamente, ADV. : in a ruffled or dis- 
orderly way. -fato, adj. : dishevelled 
(disorderly), -tio, M. : great disorder. 
-fona, P., -fone, M. : great disturber. 

arrngginire [ruggine], inte. : grow rus- 
ty ; rust (of iron, plants or grain) ; be set 
on edge (of teeth). 

arruol. .f, arrnot. . = arrol. ., arrot. . 

arruvidire [ruvido], TE. : make rough ; 
INTE., repl. : grow rough. 


arsenale {darsena], M. : arsenal. 

arseni-cdle, ADJ. : arsenic(al). -oato, 
ADJ. : arsenioated (arsenic). 

arseui-oo [L. -cum], M. : arsenic. 

arsi I XGr. -sis], M. : arsis. 

ar-si2, PRET. of -dere. -sibilef, ADJ.: 
combustible, -si-eeiaret, TR. : scorch. 
-si-eeio, ADJ. : scorched, -sione, P. : 
conflagration. II -so, part, of ardere: 
burnt, -sura, F. . burning heat ; smart. 

ar-tare [L.], TR. : constrain (force), ta- 
mente, ADV. : with constraint (art- 

ar-te [L. ars], P. : art ; skill ; artifice 
(cunning): ad — , on purpose. -te=fat- 
to, ADJ. : artificial. -tSfi-ee, m. : artifi- 
cer, artisan (mechanic). -tefi«ellot, 
disp. of -tefice -tefioiatof, ADJ. : arti- 
ficial; fictitious, -teti-eiof ^ artifizio, 
-toggriaref, INTH. : use artifice. 

arte-ria [Gr.], P.: artery, -riale, ADJ.: 
arterial, -rioso, ADJ. : arterial. 

artesiano lArtois, in France], adj. : ar- 

artet. .f = artrit. . 

artezzat, P. : narrowness ; want. 

artieellaf, P. : small art ; poor trade. 

artico [Gr. arktikos (drktos, bear)], adj. : 

artico-larei, TR. : articulate (joint; ut- 
ter); pronounce, -larez, adj.: articular. 
-latamente, ADV.: articularly (jointly). 
-lato, ADJ.: articulated, etc.; contracted 
(like a il to al, etc.); M. : series of (legal) 
articles ; articulate, -lazione, P. : ar- 
ticulation, -lista, pi. -listi, M. : author of 
articles (writer). |Iartico-lo \L, arti- 
culus (artus, member)], M. : article : — 
difondo, leading article (leader). 

arti-ere {arte], M. : artisan (mechanic). 
-fieiale, ADJ. : artificial. -fi«ialmeu- 
te, ADV. : artificially. -«iato, adj. : ar- 
tificial. -fi«io, M. : artifice (cunning). 
-fi-eiosamente, ADV. : artfully (cun- 
ningly). -fi«iosita, P. : artifice (cun- 
ning), -fieioso, ADJ. : artificial ; artful 
(cunning, crafty, astute), -fizi. . := -fici. . 
(z more common in -fizio, -fiziato). -gia- 
nello, disp. of -giano. -giano,' M.: 
artisan (mechanic) ; ADJ. : of an artisan 
or mechanic (workman). 

artifrliaref, TR. : seize with the claws. 

arti£rlie-re [arte], M.: artilleryman (gun- 
ner), -ria, P. : artillery, -rof = -re. 

arti-£rlio [L. articulus, joint], M. : claw 
(talon); clutch, -glioao, ADJ. : clawed. 

artimonet, M. : mizzen-sail. 

ar-tista, pi. -tisti [-te], M. : artist, -ti- 
sticamente, ADV.: artistically, -tisti- 
co, ADJ. : artistic(al). 

arto I [L. -tus], M. : joint. 

artof 2, ADJ. : narrow (cramped). 

asoingatnra 41 

ar-tritico, ADJ. : arthritic(al). ||.tri- 
t(id)e [Gr. drthron, joint], P. : arthritis 

Arturo [Gr. Arkt-ouros, 'bear-ward'], 
M. : Aroturus ; (poet.) Great Bear. 

aru-spi-ee [L. haru-spex, ' entrail-observ- 
er'], M. : aruspex (augur, soothsayer). 
-spieiof, M. : augury, -spi-eina, p. : 
augur's art (aruspicy). 

arzan. .f = arsen. . 

arzente = ardente. 

arzigo-golante, ADJ. : fanciful (fantas- 
tic), -golare, intr. : fancy ; be fanci- 
ful or fantastic, arzigo-golo [cf . giri- 
gogolo], M. : captious remark ; quibble ; 
sophistry; deceitful word, -golona, p., 
-golone, M. : cunning fellow. 

arzillo [?], ADJ. : brisk (sprightly); juve- 
nile; pungent; tipsy. 

as- [L. abs, for ab, OPP, from ; ads, for ad, 
to], prep. : abs-, as- ; as-, to, by. 

asbesto [Gr. -tos], M. : asbestos. 

asce =: ascia. 

ascella [L. axilla], P. : armpit. 

ascen-dentale, ADJ.: ascendant, -d^n- 
te, ADJ. : ascending ; ascendant ; M. : as- 
cendant (ancestor), -denza, p. : ascent ; 
ancestry. ||ascen-dere [L. {scandere, 
climb)]; IKK. (cf. scendere); TR. : ascend 
(mount) ; amount ; surpassf ; approach. 
-dimentof, M. : ascent, -sione, P. : 
ascent (rising) ; Ascension (-day), -sio- 
nale, ADJ. : ascensional, ascen-sof, 
M. : ascent, -sore, M. : elevator, lift. 

asce-si, PRET., -so, PART, of aseendere. 
-saf, P. : ascent. 

ascesso [L. abs-cessus, 'opp-going'], M. : 

a-sceta [Gr. asketes (askein, exercise)], 
M. : ascetic, -scetico, adj., m. : ascetic. 
-scetismo, M. : ascetism. 

sLschio = astio 

a-scia [?], P. : axe : fatto con — , roughly 
made; sentenza coll' — , blind sentence. 
-sciare, TR. : shape with the axe (cut, 
smooth), -sciata, P. : stroke of the axe 
or hatchet ; careless sentence. 

azsciogrlieref, IRR. ; TR. : dissolve (re- 
solve); untie; accomplish (fulfill), -soiol- 
to, PART. =sci61vere, IRR.; TR.: break- 
fasting ; breakfast ; M. : collation (break- 

ascissa [L. ab-scissus (scindere, cut)], P. : 

ascitizio \h. seiscere, seek to know], 
ADJ. : adscititious. 

asciu-gagginef. P.: dryness. -ga=iiia- 
no, M. : towel, -gamento, M. : wiping ; 
dryness. ||-gare [L. ex-suecare {succus, 
juice)], TK.: dry up; wipe away; console; 
rob ; INTR. : dry. -gat6io, M. : towel. 
-gatnra, P. : drying ; wiping, -tta- 



mente, ADV. : dryly. -tt4re = 
-tt^zza, F. : dryness, asciu-tto (for 
-gato), ADJ.: dry (arid); lean (emaciated); 
reserved; m.: dryness; dryland, -ttore, 
M. : drought. 

ascol-taf, F. : listening ; sentinel, -ta- 
mentot, M. : hearing (listening), -tan- 
te, ADJ.: listening; M.: listener (auditor). 
Il-tare [L. anscultare (auris, ear)], tr. : 
listen to, hear ; lend an ear to (attend to, 
heed); auscultate, -tatore, M., -tatri- 
■ce, F. : listener (auditor), -tazione, 
listening; auscultation, ascolto, M.: 
hearing; heed, attention: dar (jiorgere) 
— , give heed (attend) ; metlersi in — , 
become attentive ; stare in — , be listen- 
ing (be an eavesdropper). 

a-sc6ndere = nascondere. -scos. . t = 
nascos. . 

a-scrissi, FRET., -scritto, part, of -scri- 
vere. =sorivere, lEB.; TR.: ascribe (as- 
sign, attribute); reckon (number); enroll; 
EEFL. : rank one's self : ■ — a onore, con- 
sent as an honour (be honoured by). 

as-faltico, ADJ. : asphaltic (of asphalt). 
Il-falto [Gr. dsphaltos], M. : asphalt. 

as-fissia [Gr. a-sphnxia, 'non-throbbing'], 
F. : asphyxia, -fissiato, ADJ. : asphyx- 
iated. -Kttico, ADJ. : asphyctic (as- 

asfo-delo, -dillof [Gr. asphodel6s\, M. : 
asphodel, daffodil. 

asiatico [.ilsia], adj. : Asiatic. 

asilo [Gr. -dsulon, 'in-violable'], M. : asy- 

asimaf = asma. 

&si-na, P. : she-ass. -naeeio, disp. of 
-no. -naggine, F. : asininity (ignorant 
stupidity).' -naio, M.: ass-driver, -ma- 
pef, TR., INTR.: travel on an ass. -nata, 
f. : asinine act ; riding or journey on an 
ass. -nella, F. : young she-ass. -nello, 
M. : little ass (young ass) ; rafter, -ne- 
ria, F. : asininity (stupidity, stupid act or 
words), -nescamente, ADV. : stupidly. 
-nesco, ADJ. : asinine (stupid, dull). 
-netto, M. : little ass. -nino, adj. : 
asinine ; stupid ; rude. -uit&, P. : asi- 
ninity (stupidity) ; rudeness. || asi - no 
[L. -nus], M. : ASS (donkey) : — salito (or 
bardato), person who has become rich and 
haughty, upstart ; buscar dell' — , be called 
ignorant ; far come I' — del pentolaio, do 
as the potter's ass, shut one's self up 
against an approach, -none, M. : great 
ass (blockhead). 

as-ma [Gr. dsthma (dein, blow)], P. : asth- 
ma, -matico, ADJ. : asthmatic. 

asoldre [esalare], INTR. : breathe gently ; 
REFL. : take an airing, asolo, M. : breath 
of air : dare — , dry in the air or sun ; 
prendei , take an airing. 


aspaltof = asfalto. 

asparageto = sparagiaia. 

aspef = aspide. 

asper-arof, TR. . exasperate (provoke). 
=arteria, F. : windpipe (us'ly trachea). 
-ella, P.: horse-tail (plant). ||-etto 
[aspero], ADJ. : rather harsh. 

a-sper^ere [L. spargere, strew], IRR. § ; 
TR. : sprinkle ; besprinkle with holy water. 
-sparges = aspersorio. -sperginet, 
M.: sprinkling; sign, -spergitdret, M.: 

§ Pret. asphr-si^ -se ; -sero. Part, asph^so. 

aspe-ritaf, -ritndinet = asprezza. 
aspo-rof = aspro. 

a-spersi, FRET, of -spergere. -spersio- 
ne, P. : sprinkling (aspersion). ||-spep- 
so, PART, of -spergere. -spersdrio, M. : 
aspergill (holy-water brush). 

aspet-tamentof ^ -tazione. -tante, 
ADJ. : expecting, etc. ; m. : spectator (by- 
stander), -tanzaf = -tativa. ||-tare 
[L. a-spectare (specere, look)], INTR. : ex- 
pect (wait for, await) ; look for, (desire); 
linger (stay) ; EEFL. : appertain, belong : 
— a gloria (or a braceia aperte), expect 
or wait contentedly, -tativa, F. : ex- 
pectance (hope, expectative) : metter in 
— , retire (an officer, etc.) for the time 
being (until possibly called into service 
again), -tatoref, M. : expecter. -tazio- 
ne, P. : expectation, hope (confidence). 
aspet-to, M. : aspect (sight) ; air, view ; 

aspi-de [Gr. ospis], -dof, M. : aspic. 

aspi-rante, ADJ. : aspiring, etc. ; M. : 
aspirant (candidate): tromba — , suction- 
pump. 11-pa.po [L. spirare, breathe], TR : 
breathe ; aspirate (pronounce with a 
breathing) ; aspire to (wish for) ; INTR. : 
(be a candidate), -ratamente, adv. : 
with aspiration, -rato, ADJ. : breathed ; 
aspirate(d) ; aspired to (desired), -ra- 
zione, P.: aspiration (breathing; aspir- 

aspo [OGer. haspa], u. : reel (hasp, spin- 

aspor-tare [L. a(b)s-portare'], TR. : carry 
away (transport) ; cut away (tumours, 
etc.). -tazione, P.: transportation ; cut- 
ting away ; operation. 

a-spramente, ADV. : harshly, -spra- 
mento, M. : difiiculty ; fear, -spreg- 
giamento, M. : exasperation, -spreg- 
giare, TR. : exasperate (provoke). 
-spretto,ADJ.: somewhat harsh, -sprez- 
za, p. : asperity ; harshness ; tartness. 
-sprigrnino, ADJ. : tartish : vino — , sort 
of white wine, -sprij/no, adj. : sharp 
(tart, sourish), -spritaf = -sprezza. 
Ila-spro [L. asperl, ADJ. : harsh (rough, 
sharp; fierce); acrid (sour): shrill. 


assd-e-eia [asse], p. : bad board. 

assaooommaunaret, TR. : plunder. 

assaet-tamento, M. : sharp pain ; eager- 
ness, -tare [saettare], intr. : give a 
sharp pain ; sting, offend ; suffer ; repl. : 
strive eagerly. 

assa [Pers.], or =fetida, P. : assafoetida. 

assag-giamento, M. : tasting; assay. 
Il-giare [a-, saggiare], TR. : taste ; begin 
eating; get a drubbing ; test (assay). 
-giatore, M. : taster; assayer. -gia- 
taTa,F.: tasting; assaying, assag-gio, 
M. : tasting ; assaying. 

ass-ai [L. ad, satis, enough], adv.: 
enough; very, quite (pretty); much; adj. : 
much (many) ; M. : (pop.) enough ; great 
quantity ; weight : — piu, much (many) 
more ; — per tempo, very early ; — volte, 
many times ; parer — , seem strange ; 
uomo d' — , man of weight, valiant man. 
-aissimo, ADV. : very much (extremely). 

assalef [asse], M. : axle, axle-tree. 

assa-limento, M. : assault. ||-lire [sa- 
Zirc], IBR.§ ; TR.: assail (assault, attack). 
-Utat,P.: assault. -lit6ro,M.,-litri«e, 
P.: assailant (assaulter). -Itabile, ADJ.: 
assailable. -Itante, adj.: assailing, M.i 
assailant. -Itare [intens. oi -lire], tr.: 
assault. -Itatore, M. : assailant ; as- 
saulter, assa-lto, M. : assault (onset). 
§ Ind.: Pres. as-salisco or -sdlgo, etc. ; ~sa^ 
liAtno or -salgkidmo, -saliie, -saliscono, ~sdl- 
gono. Fret, as-sdlsi or -salii; -salse or -salli 
-sdlsero, -salirono, Subj. : Pres. as-salisca 
or -saiga ; etc. Part, assalito, — Poet, forms : 
Pres. Ind. assdglio ; Sub. assdglia. 

assannaref = azzanare. 

assaperef = sapere. 

assapo-ramento, M. : tasting ; savour. 
II -rare [sapore], TR. : savour (taste); 
enjoy, -ripe, TR. : savour. 

assas-sinamento, M. : assassination. 
-sinare, TR. : assassinate (murder); ruin. 
-sinio, M. : assassination. H-sino [fr. 
Ar., 'drinkers of hashish'], M. : assassin 

assavor. .f = assapor. , 

assaziaret = saziare. 

asse 1 [L. axis, axis], P. : board (for build- 
ing), plank ; AXLE-tree ; AXIS ; diam- 
eter ; hand (of a quadrant) ; lever. 

asse 2 [L. as], M. : small Roman coin ; (leg.) 

assec-caref =: seccare. -cfeire [secco], 
INTR. : become dry (dry). 

assecondare = secondare. 

assecararet ^ assicurare. 

assecnt. .t = eseeut. . 

aszsederet, IRR. ; INTR. : sit down ; re- 
side ; be ; live ; tr. : seat ; repl. : sit 
down (be seated), -sediamentof, M. : 
siege, -sediare, TR.: beSlEGE. -sedia- 
t6re , M., -sediatri«e, P. : besieger. I 



-sedio, M. : siege ; Importunity (teasing): 
— largo, blockade. 

asse-£rn4bile, ADJ. : assignable, -^na- 
meuto, M. : assignment ; allowance ; ex- 
pectation : far — sopra, rely upon. 
Il-gnare jX. ad-signare, 'sign or mark 
out'], TR. : assign, allow (a certain sum, 
etc.); determine, fix (a condition, etc.), 
attribute; consignf; allegef; notef; lim- 
itt). -gnatamente, adv. : economic- 
ally; thriftily, -gnatezza, P. : economy; 
thrift; reservedness. -gnAto, ADJ.: 
assigned, etc. ; reserved ; economical ; 
thrifty, -grnazione , P. : assignment ; al- 
lowance ; fixing, asse-gno, M. : assign- 
ment; allowance. 

assegai, .f = consegui. . 

assem-bia. .f, -bla. .f = assembra. . 
-blea, P. : assembly (meeting), -bra- 
Srliaf, P.: clash (combat), -bramen- 
to, M. : assembly (union). ||-brare [L. 
ad, simul (similis, alike), together], TR., 
REPL. : ASSEMBLE (unite) ; iNTR.f : seem ; 
resemble ; imitate, -brea = -blea. 

assempraref, TR. : copy. 

assen-naref [senno], TR. : advise (warn) ; 
make sensible or prudent, -natameute, 
ADV. : judiciously (wisely), -natezza, 
p. : sense (judgment), -uato, ADJ. : sen- 
sible (judicious, prudent), -niref, TR. : 
make sensible ; repl. : be prudent (act 

as - sensi6ne t, -sense [-sentire], M. : 
assent (approbation, consent). 

as-sentarei [-semie], TR.: absent; remove; 
REPL. . absent one's self (be off). 

assen-taTe2f, TR. : flatter; intr.: = 
-tire; sit down, -tatore, M. : flatterer 
(fawner), -tazionef, F. : adulation. 

assente [L. abs-ens, 'off-being'], ADJ.: 


assen-timento, M. : assent (consent). 
-tire [L. (sentire, feel)], INTR. : assent 
(consent); approve; feelf; TR. : inform. 
-tito, ADJ.: assented; judicious (wary): 
andare (or stare) — , be all attentive ; be 
upon one's guard, -tof = -so. 

assenza \_aisente], p. : absence. 

assenzio [L. absinthium], M.: absinth(e) ; 

asserare [sera], INTR., REPL. : get late ; 
grow dark. 

asserella, P. : dim. of asse (little board, 
etc.) ; PL. : mattress-boards. 

asserenaret ^ rasserenare. 

asse-rente, ADJ. : asserting ; M. : assert- 
er (maintainer). -rimeutot = -rzione. 
Il-pire [L. as-serere, join to], TR. : as- 
sert ; affirm. 

asserpolare [serpe], repl.: worm (twist). 

asserraffliare [serraglio], TR. : barri- 
cade (obstruct). 

-ii asserrare 

asserraref = serrare. 

asser-tivamentef, ADV.: affirmatively. 
-tivot, ADJ. : assertive (affirmative). ||as- 
ser-to [L. -tus (severe, join)], ADJ. : as- 
serted (affirmed) ; m. : affirmation, -to- 
rio, ADJ. : assertory (affirmative), -zio- 
ue, P. : assertion (declaration). 

asses-sorato, M. : assessorsMp. ||-s6re 
[L. -mr (as-sidere, sit by)], m. : assessor 

asse-stamento, M.: adjustment (arrange- 
ment). Il-stare [sesto], TB. : adjust (ar- 
range); (nav.) stow; EEFL.t: adjust one's 
self ; fit together (agree), asse-sto = 

asse-tare [sete], TR.: make thirsty, -ta- 
to, ADJ.: thirsty; greedy, -tiref = -tare. 

asset-tamento, M.: arrangement, -ta- 
re [L. as-seditare, make sit, fit], TR. : set 
in order (arrange, adjust) ; trim ; eefl. : 
adjust (fix) ; fit one's selff ; be seated ; 
prepare.^ -tatamentet, adv. . fitly ; 
neatly, -toref, M. : regulator ; attirer ; 
follower, -tatura, F. : arrangement ; 
propriety (fitness); trimming, asset-to, 
M. : arrangement ; order ; seatf : male in 
— , ill-disposed. 

asseve-ramentof, M. : assurance, -ran- 
te, ADJ.: assuring. -rantemente, 
ADV.: with asseveration (assuredly), -ran- 
za, F. : asseveration (assurance, asser- 
tion). ||-rapo[L. (scDerms, SEVERE, strict)], 
TR. : asseverate (assert, affirm), -rati- 
vo, ADJ. : asseverative (assertive, posi- 
tive), -raziouei' = -ranza. 

assi-«ella, -«iiia [ffissc],F. : small board ; 

assicn-ramento, M. : assurance ; secur- 
ity ; trust ; boldness, -ranzaf, F. : as- 
surance (security) ; trust. ||-rare [sicu- 
ro], TR. : secure (assure, guarantee) ; fix ; 
insure ; take in (sails) ; refl. : make one's 
self sure (insure one's self; take couragef). 
-ratamente, ADV. : securely (with cer- 
tainty), -ratore, M. : securer; insurer. 
-razione, F. : assurance (security) ; in- 
surance : societa, d' — ; insurance company. 

assidenzaf, F. : assistance ; presence. 

asside-raine]ito,M.: benumbment. ||-ra- 
re [L. siderari (sidns, star), be influenced 
by the stars], intr., refl. : be benumbed 
with cold (be frozen) ; TR. : benumb with 
cold (chill), -razione, F. : benumbment 

as=sidere, IRE.§ ; tr., iNTR.f : seat ; be- 
siege; assist ; refl. : sit down. 

§ Pret. assist, -se ; -sera. Part, assiso. 

assi-duamente, ADV. : assiduously, -dui- 
ta, F. : assiduity. Ilassi-duo [L. -duns 
(as-sidere, sit by)], adj. : assiduous. 

assieme [L. ad, simul, together], adv. : 


assiepare [siepe], TR. : hedge in ; ob- 

as-sillaref, TR. : sting (smart) ; torment. 
Il-sillo [L. asilus], M. : ox-fly (gadfly). 

assimi^rlia. . f ^ assimila. . 

assimi-lamento, M. : assimilation ; like- 
ness. Il-lare [simile], TR. : assimilate. 
-lativo, adj. : assimilative. -latore, 
M. ; assimilating agent. -lazione, F. : 

assindacaret, -docaref = sindacare. 

assiolo [L. asio], M. : homed owl. 

assio-ma [Gr. axioma (axios, worthy)], 
M. : axiom, -maticamente, ADV. : ax- 
iomatically. -matico, adj. : axiomatic. 

as-sisa, F. of -siso: tax (impost) ; uni- 
form ; livery, -sise, P. : assize (assizes). 
Il-siso, PART, of -sidere: seated. 

assistente, ADJ. : assisting ; M. : assist- 
ant, -sistenza, F. : assistance (pres- 
ence; aid). Il-sistere [L. (stare, stand)], 
1RR.§ ; TR. : assist (aid) ; intr. : be pres- 
ent, -sistiref ^ -sistere. -sistoret, 
M. : assistant. 

§ Pret. assis-tki or (pop.) -titti. Part, as- 

assi-tare [siio2], tr.: smell (scent); give 
an offensive smell to ; refl. . accustom 
one's self, -tato, ADJ. : scented ; bad- 
smelling, offensive. 

assito [asse], M. : (partition-board) ; floor- 
board ; paving-board. 

asso [L. as, unity], M. : ace : e asso fisso, 
it is perfectly certain ; e V — , he is num- 
ber one ; it is excellent ; restare in — , 
be forsaken. 

asso-e-ciamento, M. : (giving) partner- 
ship in cattle. ||-«iare [soceio], tr. : 
lease out (cattle). 

asso-«iabile, ADJ. : associable. ||-€ia- 
re [socio\, TR. : associate (make an asso- 
ciate, take into partnership ; join) ; at- 
tend (a funeral procession) ; bring; refl.: 
become a partner; subscribe, -eiato, 
ADJ. : associat(ed) ; M. : associate ; sub- 
scriber. -«iatare, M. : solicitor for 
subscriptions, -eiazione, p. : associa- 
tion ; funeral procession. 

asso-damento, M. : consolidation. ||-da- 
re [sod6\, tr. : make solid (consolidate, 
strengthen) ; refl. : get compact ; persist. 

assogget-tare [soggetto], TE. : subject 
(sub'diie). -timentof, M. : subjection. 
-tiret, TR. : subject ; intr. : be subjected. 

assolare i [solo, ground], TR. : beat or 
pick down. 

assolare 2 [suolo, alone], TR. : place or 
leave alone. 

asso-lare3t [sole], TR. : expose to the 
sun. -latio, ADJ. : sunny (southern). 
-latof, ADJ. : exposed to the sun (sunny). 

assolcare [solco], TR. : furrow (plough). 


assol-damento, M. : enrollment (of sol- 
diers). Il-dare [soWo], TR.: enlist; repl.: 
enlist (enter as a volunteer). 

assolfoniret, INTR. : grow sulphurous. 

assolid. .f = consolid. . 

as-solsi, PRET., -solto, PART, of -sol- 
vere, -solutameiite, ADV. : absolute- 
ly, -solutezza, P. : absoluteness, -so- 
Intismo, M. : absolutism. -solnto, 
ADJ. : absolute (positive), -solutore, 
M. : absolver. -solntorio, adj. : abso- 
lutory (clearing), -soluzione, P. : ab- 
solution (acquittal), -solvente, adj. : 
absolving. =sdlvere, mR.§ ; TR. : ab- 
solve (acquit) ; free. 

§ Pret. as-solvei or -solvHti or -sblsi. Part. 
as-soiiito or sblto. 

assomarefi, TR. : load. 
assomaret^, TR. : conclude ; finish. 
assomi-gliante, adj. : resembling (sim- 
ilar). -gHamento, M., -(/Hanza, -^Ha- 

zionef, F.: resemblance. ||-£rliare [L. 
simi7is, alike], TR.: compare; intr.,repl.: 
resemble (be like). assomi-£rKot, M. : 

as-sonante, ADJ. : assonant (concordant). 
-sonanza, p. : assonance (harmony). 
||=soiiaret, INTR. : sound (resound). 

assone \assi^, M. : big board (plank). 

asson-naret \sonno\, TE. : lull asleep 
(make drowsy) ; repl. : fall asleep, -na- 
to, -nito, ADJ. : asleep ; sleepy ; dull. 

as-sopimento, M. : drowsiness. ll=so- 
pire, INTR : become sleepy or drowsy. 

assor-bente, ADJ.: absorbing (absorb- 
ent), -bimento, M. : absorption. ||-bi- 
re [L. -here (sorbere, suck)], IRE.§ ; TR. : 
absorb (suck up). 

§ Pres. as-sorhisco or -s^iio, etc. Part, as- 
sorbito or -sbrto. 

assor-damento, M. : stunning. ||-dare, 
-dire [aordo], TR. : stun (deafen); INTR., 
repl. : become deaf. 

as=s6rgere, IRR. ; INTR. : rise politely. 

assor-timento, M. : assortment; lotf. 
Il-tire [sortire'i, TE. : assort (furnish, 
equip); sort (match); draw Tots forf (raf- 
fle off). 

assorto, part, of assorbire. 

assotti-gliamento, M. : subtilization 
(thinning, refinement). ||-£rKare [sot- 
tile'], TR. : subtilize (thin, refine); render 
thin or lean ; sharpen ; REPL. : grow thin ; 
be sharpened, -^rliati'vo, ADJ. : attenu- 
ating, -glia-tore, M. : subtilizer. -glia.- 
tnra, p. : subtilization (thinning); sharp- 
ening; refinement. 

assozzaref = insozzare. 

assne-fare [L. -facere, make accustomed], 
TR. : accustom (inure), -fatto, ADJ.: 
accustomed (inured), -fazione, p. : ac- 
customing (Eng.t assuefaction), custom. 



||assu6-tot l-tus], ADJ. : accustomed. 
-tudine, p. : custom. 

assuggettiret = assoggettare. 

as - sinmere [L. -sumere (take)], irr.§ ; 
TR.: assume (undertake); raise up (exalt). 
-sunsi, PRET. of -sumere. -snnta, p. : 
Virgin Mary (Madonna); Assumption 
(festival of the Virgin Mary taken into 
heaven), -sunto, part, of -sumere ; as- 
sumed ; M. : undertaking, task ; charge. 
-snnzione, P. : assumption ; elevation 

§ Pret. assiin-sif -se ; -sero. Part, assitnio. 

assur-dam6nte,ADy. : absurdly, -dita, 
p.: absurdity. ||assur-do [L. ab-sur- 
dus], ADJ. : absurd ; M. : absurdity. 

assurgere = assorgere. 

asta [L. (A)asta], P. : spearf; lance; (us'ly) 
staff (pole); handle; auction (a staff being 
set up as a token of authority) ; stroke 
(in writing) ; growth ; form : — di ban- 
diera, flagstaff ; mettere all' — , sell at 
auction ; bell' — di donna, well-formed 

asta-ee, -cot Ih- -cus], M.: astacus (craw- 

astal-lamentof, M. : abode. Il-laref, 
KBPL. : install one's self ; set up one's 
abode (put up). 

a-stante , ADJ. : standing by (present) ; 
bystander (spectator) ; attendant (assist- 
ant). 11= stare, INTR.: stand by (.be 
present) ; insist. 

a-statat, P. : thrust of a lance, -state, 
ADJ. : armed with a lance ; M. : (Rom.) 
lance-soldier. W-stef =asta. -steggia- 
re, INTR. : make strokes or flourishes (in 
writing), -steggiatnra, P. : forming 
strokes (in writing^ 

astern, .f = astin. . 

astemio [L. abs-temius {lemum, wine)], 
ADJ. : abstemious. 

as-teraente, ADJ. : abstinent. Ilztene- 
re [L. abs-tinere, hold off], irr. ; tr. : 
ABSTAIN. -tensione, P.: abstention 

as-tergente, ADJ. . abstergent (cleans- 
ing). '||=tergere, IRE.; TR. : absterge 
(cleanse), polish. 

aste-risco [astro], M. : asterisk. - ri- 
smo, M. : asterism. aste-ro, M. : (bot.) 
aster, starwort. -roide, M. : asteroid. 

as-tersione, P. : abstersion (cleansing). 
-tersivo, ADJ. : ab.stersive (cleansing). 
-tersi, PRET., -terse, part, of ter- 

astetta, dim. of asta. 

astiare [astio], TE. : envy (grudge). 

asti-e-ciola, -ellof, dim. of asta. 

asti-nemte [L. abs-tinens, 'off-holding'], 
ADJ. : abstinent. - nenza , p. : absti- 




a-stio [?], M. : envy; grudge; spite. 
-stiosam^nte, ADV. : enviously, -stio- 
so, ADJ. : envious (spiteful). 

astivamentef, ADV.: hastily (promptly). 

astore [?], M. : goshawk. 

astraeref = astrarre. 

astragalof [Gr. -los], M. : ankle-bone ; 

astraggo, fees, of -trarre. 

astralet, ADJ. : astral. 

as = trarre, IRR. ; TB., intr. : abstract; 
REFL. : turn away one's mind, -tr&ssi, 
PRBT. of -trarre. -tratta^ginef, F. : 
abstraction; absent-mindedness, -trat- 
tamente, ADV. : abstrac(ted)ly ; absent- 
mindedly, -trattezza, F. : abstractness. 
-trattivot, ADJ. : abstractive, -trat- 
to, ADJ. : abstracted (abstract) ; absent- 
minded; eccentriof: in — , in the abstract 
(abstractly). -trazi6ne,F.: abstraction; 

a-str etto , part, of -stringer e. ■ strign. . 
= -string., -stringdnte, ADJ.: astrin- 
gent., ||=stringere', IRE.; TR.: astringef 
(constrict, reduce) ; conSTRAiN (force). 
-strinsi, PEET. of stringere. 

astro [Gr. -stron], M. : heavenly body ; 
STAB, zlaliio [Gr. lambdnein, take], M. : 
astrolabe, -logare, intr. : astrologize ; 
prognosticate. -lo^ia [Gr. logos, speech], 
p.: astrology, -logico, ADJ.: astrologic- 
al, astro-logo, H. : astrologer, -no- 
mia [Gr. nomas, law], P. : astronomy. 
-nomioamente, ADV. : astronomically. 
-nomico, ADJ. . astronomical, astro- 
nomo, M. : astronomer. 

as-truseria, F. : abstruse thing (abstru- 
sity). Il-truso [L. dbs-trusus (trudere, 
thrust)], ADJ. : abstruse (hidden, obscure). 

astu-eeio [?], M. : case (box). 

astn-tamente, ADV. : astutely (craftily). 
-tezza, P. : astuteness (craftiness, cun- 
ning). ||astu-to [L. -tus], ADJ. : astute 
(crafty, cunning), astu-zia, P. : astute- 
ness (craftiness, art), -zietta, P. : cun- 
ning, trick. 

at- [L. at- for ad, to], prep. : at, etc. 

a-tantef, ADJ. : helpful ; vigorous, -ta- 
ref, TR. : help, -tatoref, M. : helper. 

ata-va, F. : great-grandmother, -vismo, 
M. : atavism. || ata-vo [L. ad, avus, 
grandfather], M. : great-grandfather. 

ate-ismo [-0], M. : atheism, -ista, M. : 
atheist, -istico, ADJ. : atheistic. 

ateueo [Gr. athenaion, temple of Athene], 
M. : athenaBum ; university. 

ateo [Gr. a-, not, the6s, god], M. : atheist. 

ateroma, -omata [Gr. atheroma], M. : 
atheroma (tumour). 

atlante [Gr. Atlas'], M. : atlas. 

at-leta [Gr. athletes (dtklos, prize], M. : 
athlete, -letioo, ADJ.: athletic. 

atmosfer. .t = 

ato-metto, ADJ. : small atom, -mismo, 
M. : atomism. -mista.M. : atomist. -mi- 
stica, ADJ.: atomistic. Ilato-mo [Gr. 

d-tomos, uncut], M.: atom (particle); mo- 
atonia [Gr. a-, not, tonos, tone, strength], 
p.: atony. 

atra-bile [L. ater, black, bilos, bile], P. : 
black bile (spleen), -biliare, -bili&rio, 
ADJ. : atrabilious (melancholic). 

atra-mentario, ADJ. : black. H-men- 
tot Dj. -mentum, ink], M. : black colour. 

atrio [L. atrium), M. : atrium (vestibule); 

&tro [L. ater], ADJ. : black ; horrible. 

atr6-«e [L. atrox], ADJ. : atrocious (hein- 
ous), -eemente, ADV. : atrociously. -«i- 
ta, P. : atrocity. 

BL-tTo&a. [Gr. a-, not, trephein, nourish], 
p. : atrophy, -trofico, adj. : atrophic. 
-trofizzare, TR. : atrophy; refl. : be 

attac-caliile, ADJ.: that may be at- 
tacked (assailable), -cat/nolo, M. : hook ; 
cavil (pretext). -ca=lite, M. : litigious 
person (wrangler), -camento, M. : at- 
tachment, -ca = panni [paremo], M. . 
clothes-rack. ||-caro \tacca], TB. : at- 
tach (fix, stick) ; harness ; communicate 
(disease, etc.) ; begin ; attack (assail) ; 
INTR. : stick (adhere) ; be united ; be at- 
tached ; take root (thrive) ; stutter ; 
REFL. : be attached (unite) ; stick (ad- 
here); litigate: — un avviso, post a bill; 
— gli abiti, hang up clothes : — il dente, 
eat what is agreeable ; — il fuoco a, set 
fire to ; -carla con, litigate (quarrel, come 
to blows) with, -catezza, P. : attach- 
ment, -cati-eeio, ADJ.: sticky (viscous). 
-cativa, P.: attaching quality; stickiness. 
-catoio, M.: attaching instrument, -ca- 
tura,F.: attachment; adhesion, -china, 
M. : litigious person, quarrelsome person. 
attac-co, M.: attack; attachment ; point 
of attachment ; hold ; ' span (of horses), 

atta-£rliare [taglio], TR.f: cut; KEPL. : 
fit (suit) ; comply, -gliolare, TR. : chop 

attalentaret, TB. : please ; agree with. 

attamentef, ADV. : aptly (fitly). 

attanajrliare [tanaglia], TB. : tear with 
red-hot pincers (torture). 

attapi-namento, M. : dejection (wretch- 
edness). Il-naro [tapiho], repl. : toil 
hard; lament. 

attapezzatot = iappezzato. 

attard . .f = tard. . 

attaret = adattare. 

attastare ^ tastare. 

attec-oMmento, M. : thriving (growth). 


11-oft.ire [tecehire], intr. : grow (grow 
well) ; TR. : prosper. 

attediaret = tediare. 

atte^-giamento, M. : attitude (posture). 
Il-giare [atto], TE. : adapt (give the right 
expression or position to) ; repl. : (a) 
enact; gesticulate; imitate, -g^atoref, 
M. : gesticulator. -gievole, adj. : imi- 
tating; gesticulating. 

atteffnenzaf, F. : continence ; calmness. 

attelaref, TR. : draw in battle-array. 

attem-paref [tempo], intr. : grow older ; 
delay, -patello, -patetto, adj.: some- 
what old. -pato, ADJ. : in years (grow- 
ing old), -patotto, ADJ. : rather old. 
-patn^-eio, ADJ. : not very old (young). 

attempera. .f = tempera. . 

atten-daiiiento,M.: encampment. Il-da- 
re \tenda\ ; refl. : pitch one's tents (en- 
camp, settle). 

at-tendente, ADJ. : attending ; M., F. : 
attendant ; agent. ||=tendere, IRR. ; 
TR. : pay attention to ; intr. : . attend ; 
pay attention (mind) ; await ; expect : — 
a fare, continue ; — la promessa, keep 
one's word, -tendibile, ADJ. : worthy 
of attention, -tendimentot, M. : at- 

attenebrare [tenebra], intr. : grow dark. 

at-tenente, ADJ. : holding to ; belonging 
to; M.: kinsman, -tenenza, F. : appur- 
tenance ; relationship. ||=tenere, IRR. ; 
intb. : (ap)pertain, belong; eefl. : belong; 
hold on (stick to) ; follow. 

attentamente [-tento],tLDV.: attentively. 

at = tent&re, TR. : attempt (venture); 
REPL. : venture (have the courage) ; take 
the risk, -tentato, adj. : attempted ; 
M. : criminal attempt (crime), -tenta- 
tdrio, ADJ. : unlawful. 

attento [L. -tus], ADJ. : attentive ; dili- 

atte-nnamento, M. : attenuating, -nn- 
ante, ADJ.: attenuating (diluent). ||-nua- 
re [tenue], TR. : attenuate (thin) ; weak- 
en, -nnazione, P. : attenuation ; ema- 
ciation; weakening. 

attennto, part, of attenere. 

atten-zioii.«eIla, F. : little attention. 
Il-zione [-dere]. P.: attention; applica- 

attergare [terga], TR. : place behind; 
withdraw ; bbfl. : get behind ; go back. 

atter-rameuto, M. : overthrow. ||-pa- 
ro [terra], TR. : cast to the ground or 
down (overthrow ; prostrate) ; humble ; 
REFL. : humble one's self ; debase one's 
selff. -pimentof I, M.: deposit. 

atter-rimentotz, M. : terror. H-pire 
[L. terrere], TR. : terrify (dismay) ; refl. : 
be frightened ; despond. 

atterzapet, TR. : reduce to a third. 



atte-sa, F. : expectation, -samente, 
ADV. : attentively. ||-si, pret. of -ndere. 
Il-so, PART, of -ndere; attended, etc. ; 
awaiting ; cautious (careful) : — che, 
seeing that ; because. 

attestarefi [testa], TR.: join end to end; 
REFL. : press close ; come to blows. 

attes-tape 2 [teste], TR. : attest (testify 
to) ; call to witness, -tato, PART, of -tare ; 
M. : attestation (certificate), -tope, M., 
-tpiee, F.: attester (witness), -tatupa, 
P. : jointure, -tazioue, F. : attestation 

attezzaf, P. : aptness ; ability. 

atticamente [-co], ADV. : in an Attic 
style ; elegantly. 

atti«eiato [?], ADJ. : thick ; sturdy. 

atti-eismo, M.: Atticism; elegance. -«i- 
sta, M. : writer in the Attic style. -«iz- 
zape, INTR. : atticize (use the Attic style). 
Ilatti-co [Gr. -hos], adj. : Attic ; elegant ; 
M. : (arch.) attic. 

attiepidapef, -dipe [tepido], TR. : ren- 
der tepid or lukewarm (cool). 

attiffn. .f = atting. . 

attigno [L. -guns (tangere, touch)], adj.: 
contiguous (adjacent). 

attilla-pe [ ? atto], REFL. : dress one's 
self with pedantic or studied care; fit 
well, -tameiite, ADV. : affectedly ; ele- 
gantly, -to, ADJ. : affectedly dressed 
(dandyish) ; well-fitting, -tezza, F. : af- 
fectation in dress, -tino, ADJ. : neatly 
dressed ; becoming, -tupa, P. : affecta- 
tion in dressing ; studied elegance. 

attitao [variant of dtomo], u. : moment 

atti-nente [L. at-tinere, hold to], ADJ. : 
pertaining (relating) ; M. PL. : relatives 
(kindred), -nenza, F. : relationship (kin- 
ship) ; PL. . appurtenances ; relatives. 

at-tingepe [L. (tangere, touch)], ier. ; 
TR. : ATTAlNf (reach) ; draw (water, etc.), 
raise ; derive ; learn ; perceive : — cogli 
occhi, discern (perceive), -tiugimen- 
to, M. : drawing (water, etc.), raising ; 
learning, -tingitoio, M. : instrument 
for raising, bucket, -tingitope, M. : 
raiser, -tingitnpa. P.: 'drawing of 
water; raising, -tinsi, pret., -tinto, 
PART, of -tingere. 

attipa^liof, M. : equipment (equipage). 

at=tipape, TR. : attract, draw ; kefl. : 
draw upon one's self (attract, win). 

attitape [L. actitare (agere, ACT)], TR. : 
proceed with (a legal action) ; treat. 

attitddine \att02], p.: aptitude (tal- 
ent) ; attitude. 

atti-vamente, ADV.: actively, -vita, 
F. : activity. Ilatti-vo [L. -vus], ADJ. : 
active : dehiti -vi, outstanding debts. 

attiz-zamento, M. : stirring up the fire ; 



provocation. ||-zare [tizzd], TB. : stir 
up (the fire) ; excite ; provoke, -zatoio, 
M. : poker ; inner part of the fireplace. 
-zatore, M. : exciter, -zino, M. : liti- 
gious person. 

atto I [L. actus (agere, drive)], M. : action; 
act (deed ; document, contract) ; sign ; 
legal procedure: mettere in — , put in 
practice or execution (perform) ; stare in 
■ — , be about, be ready ; dare V — , set in 
motion ; fare V — di, act as if (appear) ; 
nelV — - ehe, at the moment when ; fare li 
— ti (Zci;.), summon; mettere in — ti, allege. 

atto 2 pj. aptus (apere, join)], ADJ. : apt 
(fit, proper) ; skilled. 

atto-nante, ADJ. : toning (tonic) ; M. : 
tonic, ll-nare [tono], TE. : tone up ; in- 

attondare \tondo], TR. : round. 

at-tonitaggine, F. : amazement, ll-to- 
nito [tono], ADJ. : astonished (amazed)j 

attopatof, ADJ. : full of rats. 

attorar^sJian^TR. : mate (for breeding). 

atztor-eere,^ -toirciaret, -tor«igKa- 
re, TR. : twist (wring) ; wind up. -tor- 
«i£rKaineiito, -tor«iinento, M. : twist- 
ing (twining) ; winding up. 

atto-re [L. actor (agere, do)], M. : actor ; 
' 'agent; plaintiff, -riaf, f.: management. 

attor-neggiaref = attirniare. -nia- 
mento, M. : enclosure (paling), -nia- 
re \torni6], TR. : enclose (surround) ; be- 
set. II attor - no [torno], adv., tRBP. : 
around (round about) ; about : girare — , 
ramble about; stare — a, be about, at- 
tend closely, besiege, watch assiduously. 

attorrare [torrej, TR. : pile up. 

attorsaref [torre], TR. : pile up (esp. 
lumber) in tiers. 

at-torsi, FRET, of -torcere. -tortiglia- 
mento, M. : twisting ; entanglement. 
-tortigrliare, TR. : twist (twine or wrap 
around) ; entangle, jj-torto, part, of 

attoscare [tosco], TR. : poison (infect). 

attosof, ADJ. : awkward ; disagreeable ; 

attossi - cagione, F., -camento, M. : 
poisoning, -cante, adj.: poisonous. ||-ca- 
re [tossico], TR. : poison, -catore, M. : 

attraliaccatot, ADJ. : encamped. 

at - traente, ADJ. : attracting ; attrac- 
tive (charming), -traeref = -trarre. 
-traimentof = -trattiva. 

attraggo, PRBS. of -trarre. 

attrap-paref, -pire := rattrappire. 

at=trarre, IRR. ; TB. : ATTRACT (draw; 
allure, charm), -trassi, pbet. of -trarre. 
-trattovolef, ADJ. : soft, -trattiva, 
P. : attraction (charm), -trattivitaf, 
P.: force of attraction, -trattivo, ADJ.: 


attractive; enticing :/or2a -trattiva, force 
of attraction, -tratto, PART, of -trarre. 
-trattoret, M., -trattri«et, P. : at- 
tracting agent ; charmer ; inveigler. 

attra-versamento, M. : traversing ; im- 
pediment, -versaro, TR.: traverse (cross); 
thwart ; refl. : oppose one's self (to). 
-versato, ADJ.: traversed; crossed out; 
opposed, jl-verso [traverso], ADV., PREP.: 
crosswise (obliquely); across (through); 
badly ; in bad part. 

attrazione [atirarre], F. : attraction. 

at-trazziare, TR. : equip. jl-trazzo 
[disp. of -trezzo], m. : trifliog or worth- 
less utensil (small tool). 

attree«iaret = intreeciare. 

at-trezzista, M.: stage-furnisher. ||-trez- 
zo [?], M. : implement (tool). 

attri-bnibile, ADJ. : attributable. -Ini- 
mento, M. : attributing (imputation). 
Il-'buire [L. at-tribuere (bestow)], TR.: at- 
tribute ; assign ; impute ; repl. : claim 
(arrogate), -butivo, ADJ. : attributa- 
ble ; imputable. -Iinto, M. : attribute. 
-bnzioue, P.: attribution. 

attri«e [_attore\, ¥.: actress; defendantf. 

attri-sta. . = rattrista. . -stire [tristo], 
INTR., REFL. : grow sad (be affected) ; be- 
come thin or sterile. 

at=tritaret ^ tritare. -trito, ADJ.: 
attrite (repentant) ; M. : attrition (fric- 
tion). -trizi6iie,P.: attrition (compunc- 
tion ; frictionf). 

attrnp-pamento, M. : gathering. ||-pa- 
re, REFL. : troop (gather in troops or 
crowds) ; crowd together ; gather. 

attna-le [L. -lis], ADJ. : actual ; effec- 
tive; real; present, -lita, F.: actuality. 
-Imente, ADV. : actually (really ; at this 

at-tiiare [L. (actus, act)], TR. : actuate ; 
execute (effect, perform) ; trainf ; con- 
trolf; REFL.: apply one's self intently. 
-tuario i , M. : notary's ofBce or dignity. 
-tuario2, m. : actuary (notary, clerk). 

attnceio, dim. of atto. 

attuff. . = tuff. . 

attuiaret, TR. : offuscate (darken). 

attaire = attutire. 

attuosof, ADJ. : active ; efficacious. 

atturaref =^ turare. 

attn-taref [? L. tutus, safe], TR. . calm 
(quiet); quench; lay (dust); refl.: grow 
calm, -tatoref, M. : pacifier, -tire, 
TB. : calm; control; silence, -titoref, 
M. : pacifier. 

aucoJiiaref, TB. : sew. 

ancupio \L. -pium (avis, bird)], M.: bird- 

au-da«e [L. -dax], ADJ.: audacious (bold). 
-da-eemente, ADV.: audaciously, -da- 
■eia, F. : audacity (boldness). 


audi, -t = udi. . -tore, M. : presiding 

judge ; auditor (in a court), -toriof, M.: 

auditory ; audience cliamber ; court-room. 

anfo = ufo. 

ange [? Ar. aug, apogee], F. : high credit 
(glory) : vivere in — , live as a great 

lord ; live in glory. 

au-gellatoret, M. : bird-catcher, -gel- 
lo,' pi. -gelli or -gei [L. -cellus (avis, 
bird)], M. : (poet.) bird. 

anggiare [uggia], TB. : shade. 

angina-re [145710], TR.: claw; clutch; cut 
slanting, -tnra, F. : slanting. 

aagmnent. .f = aument. . 

angn-rale, ABJ. : augurial. -rare, TR.: 
augur (foretell); have a presentiment off. 
-rato, ADJ. : augured ; M. : augurer's of- 
fice : lene — , well begun or finished, -ra- 
tore, M., -ratri«e, F. : augurer (sooth- 
sayer). Ilanga - re [L. augur (avis, 
bird)], M. : augur (Rom. diviner, orig'ly by 
the flight of birds, etc.). -riaref = 
-rare, angd-rio, M. : augury (omen). 
-rosamente, ADV. : by (good or bad) 
augury ; ominously, -rdso, adj. : augur- 
al (significant, ominous). 

augnsto [L. -tus (augere, increase)], adj.: 
august (solenm). 

aula [L.], F. : assembly-hall. 

aoledot, M. : flute-player. 

anlentet, adj. : fragrant. 

anlico [-2a], adj. : aulic (of the court, 

auliref, TR. : perfume. 

aamen-taineiitot = -to. -tare, TB. : 
augment (increase), -tativo, adj.: aug- 
mentative, -tatore, M., -tatri«e, P. : 
increaser. -tazionef ^ -to. Ilanmeii- 
to \L. augere, increase], m. : augmenta- 
tion (increase, growth). 

anmettaref = umettare. 

anmil. .f =^ umil. . 

auna. .f = aduna. . 

aan«icaret, TB. : rob. 

ann«inare = uncinare. 

aongTiia. . = augna. . 

aura [L.], F. : gentle breeze ; air ; auraf ; 
— popolare, popular favour. 

an-raref, TB.: gild, -reliaf, F.: chrys- 
alis, -reatof, adj. : woven in gold. ||an- 
roo [L. -reus], adj. : of gold (golden) ; 
glorious, -reola, F. : aureole (halo, glo- 


aitretta [-ra], F. : light breeze (zephyr). 
anri-colare [L. -eula, dim. of auris, 

ear], adj. : auricular. 
aurifero [auro], ADJ. : auriferous. 
anriga [L. (aurea, bridle, ago, lead)], M. : 

anrinof, ADJ. : gold-coloured (golden). 
anrisplo. .f = aruspic. . 
anro (poet.) =: oro. 

anzz 49 

anrora , pop. -rdra [L.], F. : aurora 

ansaref, TR. : accustom (inURE). 

ansi-liare, -liario, ADJ.: auxiliary; M.: 
auxiliary verb ; PL. : auxiliaries, -liato- 
re, M. : helper. ||aasi-liot [L. auxi- 
lium], M. : assistance (help). 

ausot, ADJ. : bold (daring). 

au-spicato, ADJ. : augured. Ilau-spi-ee 
[L. -spex (avis, bird, specere, view)], M. : 
augur (diviner) ; protector (patron), -spi- 
«io, -spizio, M. : auspice (presage ; pro- 

anste-ramente, ADV. : austerely, -ri- 
ta, F. : austerity. ||aiiste-ro [L. -rus 
(Gr. aurein, parch)], ADJ. : austere (se- 
vere); morose ; poor (of food); sour (of 

au-strale, -strinot, ADJ. : austral (south- 
ern). Ilan-stro [L. -ster], M. : south ; 
south wind (auster). -striaco [Austria], 
pi. -ci, M. : Austrian. 

ant, aut [L.], ADV. : either, or. 

autenti-ca, F. : authentic proof, -ca- 
mente, ADV.: authentically, -care, 
TR. : authenticate (prove), -cazioue, F.: 
authentication, -eita, F. : authenticity. 
Ilautenti-co [Gr. autos, self], ADJ. : au- 
thentic; authoritativef; per — f, authen- 

adto 1 (vulg.) = avuto (cf. avere). 

auto 2 da fo [Port, 'act of faith'], m. : 

aato= [Gr. aut6s, self], pbef. : auto-. 

auto^TiiograKa, P. : autobiography. 

aato = crata, F., -crate [Gr. krdtos, 
strength], m. : autocrat, -oratico, adj. : 
adtocratic(al). -crazia, F. : autocracy. 

autodafe = auto dafe. 

auto = grafia, F. : autography. autd= 
grafo, M. : autograph. 

aatd=ina [Gr. mdtos, force], M. : automa- 
ton (self -moving machine), -matico, 
ADJ. : automatio(al). 

anto-nomia, F. : autonomy. ant6=no- 
mo [nomos, law], adj. : autonomous. 

autopsia = autossia. 

auto-re [L. auctor (aa^ere, produce)], M.: 
author, -revole, adj. : authoritative. 
-revolezza, F.: authoritativeness. -re- 
volmente, ADV. : authoritatively, -ri- 
ta, F. : authority, -toritativo, ADJ. : 
authoritative, -rizzare, TB.: authorize. 
-rizzazione, F. : authorization, -rone, 
M. : great author, -rueeio, M. : wretched 

autossia, [Gr. autds, self, Spsis, view], P. : 


autriee [-torel, P. : authoress. 
au-tunnale, ADJ : autumnal. H-tnnno 
[L. -tumnus], u. : autumn. 
auzz. . = auguzz. . 

50 av 

av- [L. ad, to, ah, from], pref. ad-, ab-. 

ava [avo], P. : grandmother. 

ava'e-«eTolet, ADJ.: solicitous; swift. 
-eezzaf, F. : solicitude ; hurry, -ciaref, 
TR. : hasten. ava«-€iot, M. : solicitude; 
hurry; ADV. : in haste (quickly): o tardi o 
— , sooner or later. 

avalef, ADV. : soon (presently). 

avaut = avanti. =gaardia, F. : van- 

avania [fr. Turk.], F. : imposition (orig. 
by the Turks on the Christians); exaction; 

avanndtto [uguanno], M. : young fry; 

avantaggiof = vantaggio. 

avaii-te'(]poei.), -ti [L. ab, ante, before], 
PREP, or ADV. : before (of place or time); 
forward : d' ora (or da qui) in — , hence- 
forward ; andare — , go before ; go on 
(proceed); essere — , be advanced; far si 
— , present or introduce one's self; pas- 
sare — ; pass beyond (leave behind). -ti= 
cameraf = anticamera., CONJ. : 
before that. -ti = guardiat = avan- 
guardia. -zamento, M. : advancement 
(progress). -zare,TK. : advance; present; 
pass beyondt (outstrip, surpass); intr. : 
advance, proceed ; be over and above, re- 
main; escape; repl. : advance; be ready; 
anticipatef; take couragef: mi basta e 
me n' — za, I have enough and to spare. 
-zati'e«io, M. : remnant (scrap), -zato, 
ADJ. : advanced ; over and above ; left, 
remaining. - zatore f, M. : advancer. 
-zettot, M. : trifling remnant, -zevolef, 
ADJ. : superfluous, avan-zo, M. : (what 
is over and above) remnant; remainder, 
rest; saving (profit); PL.: old remains 
(ruins): d'- — , over and above, more than 
enough, -zu-eeio, -zuj/lio, -zufrliolo, 
-zume, M. : disp.oi-zo; poor remnants 
or scraps, etc. 

ava-ra«'eio [-ro], ADJ. : very avaricious 
(niggardly), -ramente, ADV.: avari- 
ciously, -retto, M. : little miser, -rez- 
zaf = -rizia. 

ava - ria [Ger. haferei], F. : particular 
AVERAGE (damage to ship or cargo). 
-riare, TR. : cause damage to ship or 
cargo, -riato, ADJ. : damaged. 

ava- rizia, F. : avarice. -rizzaref, 
INTR. : be niggardly. ||ava-ro [L. ava- 
rus], ADJ. : avaricious (greedy) ; sparing ; 
M. : miser. - rona€«io , M. : wretched 
miser, -rone, M. : great miser. 

ave [L.], INTERJ. : ave ! all hail ! 

avella-naf, F. : filbert, -not, M. : filbert- 

avelleref ^ svellere. 

avello [lavello, tub], M. : grave (tomb). 

avemmaria [ave Maria^ p.: Ave-Maria. 


avena [L.], F. : oats ; shepherd's pipe. 
avere [L. habere], IRR.§; TR. : HAVE; 
(sometimes with an abstract noun to be 
rendered by 'he' and an adject.); u. : pos- 
session (property); PL. : riches : — caldo 
{freddo,fame, paura, etc.), be warm (cold, 
hungry, afraid, etc.) ; (lit.) have warmth, 
etc.; — ftisojBo, need ; — /accia, be like ; 
— agio, be at leisure, have time ; — vo- 
glia, have a mind ; — a caro, be glad ; — 
a sdegno, disdain (despise); — al sole, have 
landed property ; — in costume, be accus- 
tomed ; — in grado, accept ; — in odio, 
hate; — mprejio, value (esteem); — per 
buono, take in good part ; averla con, be 
angry with. 

§ Ind. : Pres, A^ or 3, &at or hi, ha or h ; 

abbiAtno^ avHe, hdnno or Anno. Pret. ibbi, 

avesti, ebbe ; avemmo, avSste, hbhero, Fut. 

avro. Cond. avrH. Subi. : abbia ; pl.aWfei- 

mo, abhidte, dbbiano. I've dbbi; ahbidte. 
Rare forms : Pr. I. i. dggio, 3. dve : 4. avi- 

mo. S. i.dgg-ta; b. Fret. 6. ebbono. 

Fut. a(vs)ro. Cond. i.3.a(vr)2a; 6.(avr)ia- 

no. Ger. abbihndo. Part. auto. 

Averno [L. -nus\, M. : Avemus (lake in 

Campania with poisonous vapours); (poet.) 

hell; ADJ.: Avemian. 
aversi. .f = avversi. . 
aversot, PART, of avertere: avert. 
avi-damente, ADV. : greedily ; eagerly. 

-dezza, -dita, F. : avidity; eagerness. 

Ilavi-do [L. -dus (avere, wish)], adj. : 

avid (greedy) ; eager. 
avirouaref, TR. : environ (surround), 
av-ito, ADJ.: ancestral (hereditary), av-o 

[L. avus],u. : grandfather; PL.: ancestors. 
a=vocare, TR. : appeal ; (Eng.f avocate) ; 

take up. -vocazione, F. : appealing. 
avogad. .f := avvocat. . 
avo-la, P. : grandmother. H-lo [avo], M.: 


avolt(o)r. .f = adulter. . 
avoltoiof, M. : vulture. 
av6rio [L. eboreus, of ivory], M. : IVORY. 
avdrniof, M. : laburnum. 
avulso, PART, of avellere: torn up. 
avuncolof, M. : uncle. 
avn-to, PART, of avere. -ta, P. : gain. 
avval-lamento, M. : sinking down ; low 

ground; cavity. ||-lare [valle], INTR.: 

sink or crumble down (cave in); flow down; 

TR. : let down (sink) ; sign as security (at 

the bottom of a note), -latura, P.: 

a vvalo -ramento, M.: strengthening ; 

valour. Il-rare [valore], TR.: strengthen 

(invigorate, animate); repl. : be strength- 
ened (be encouraged). 
avvam-pamento, M. : burning ; flame. 

Il-pare [vampd], intr. : flame (blaze, 

avvan-taggiamento, M. : advantage 

(gain). ll-tag^(are [vantaggio}, TR.: 


advantage ; improve ; increase ; refl. : 
derive advantage ; get the better, -t&g- 
gio, M. : advantage : d' — , more, -tag- 
gi6so, ADJ. : advantageous. 

aVvantaref = vantare. 

avzvedere, ire.; INTR., refl.: per- 
ceive ; foresee, -vedimento, M. : per- 
ception; foresight; prudence; cunning. 
-vedutamente, ADV.: providently 
(prudently), -vedntezza, F. : foresight 
(sagacity), -veddto, adj. : provident 
(prudent, cautious). 

awegna-ch^ef, -dioc/iet, CONJ.-: al- 

awele-namento, M. : empoisonment. 
Il-nare [veleno], TR. : poison, -natore, 
M., -natri-ee, F. : poisoner. 

awe-nente, ADJ. : graceful (genteel, 
pleasing), -nentementet, ADV : grace- 
fully, -nenza, F. : grace (elegance). 
-nevole, ADJ. : graceful (genteel), -ne- 
Tolezza, F. : grace (elegance), -no- 
volmente, adv. : gracefully, -niente, 
ADJ. : coming (future), -nimento, M. : 
EVENT (incident) ; successf ; comingf ; 
accesst. ||-nire \h. ad-venire], IRR. (cf. 
venire); INTR.: come to pass, happen; ar- 
rivet; derivef; succeed! ; REFL.: become 
(suit, fit, be adapted) ; fall in witht ; M. : 
future (futurity); gracef (elegance): per 
V — , henceforth. -niti««iot := -ntizio. 

avren-tamento, M. : blowing out ; rush. 
II -t Are [vento], TB. : blow out ; pronounce 
boldly ; shoott (hurl) ; inte. : make a 
big impression ; impose ; refl. : rush up- 
on, -taggine, F. : rashness, -tata- 
m^nte, adv. : rashly (inconsiderately). 
-tatello, ADJ. : hair-brained, -tatezza, 
F. : rashness (temerity, imprudence), -ta- 
to, ADJ. : rash (inconsiderate, hasty). 

aweii-ti««iot, -tizio [-ire], ADJ. : ad- 
ventitious, avven-to, M. : advent ; ar- 
rival, -tora, F., -tore, M. : customer. 

avventrinare [ventre], INTR., refl. : get 

aweutn-ra [avvenire], P. : adventure 
(occurrence ; riskf) ; good luckf. -rare, 
TE. : adventure (hazard) ; refl. : run the 
risk (venture), -ratamontot, ADV. : 
fortunately; at a risk, -rato, adj.: 
hazarded; fortunate (lucky), -rovol- 
mentet, ADV. : luckily, -riero or -rie- 
ro, M. : adventurer ; soldier of fortune. 
-rosamentet, adv.: luckily, -roso, 
ADJ. : lucky (fortunate) ; adventurous. 

awennio, part, of avvenire. 

awe-ramento, M. : averment (confir- 
mation). Il-rare [vera], TR. : aver (con- 

av-verbi41e, ADJ.: adverbial. -ver- 
Ualm^nte, ADV.: adverbially, -vop- 
bio [verba], M. : adverb. 



avverdire [verde], INTE. : become green 
or verdant. 

avverific4ret = verificare. 

awerro, FUT. of avvenire. 

awer-samente, ADV. : adversely ; un- 
fortunately, -sare, TR. : turn against 
(oppose), -sario, ADJ.: adverse (contra- 
ry) ; M. : adversary (opponent), -sativo, 
ADJ. : adversative, -satore, M., -satri- 
«e, F. : opposer (adversary). . -sazionef, 
F. : opposition, -sione, F. : aversion. 
-sita, P. : adversity. ||avver-so [L. 
ad-versus (vertere, turn)], ADJ. : adverse 
(contrary; hostile); hurtful; PEEP.f: 
against; opposite; M.f: adversity: per 
— , on the contrary. 

avver-tente, ADJ. : advertent (careful, 
circumspect), -tentemente, ADV. : ad- 
vertently (carefully), -tenza, F. : ad- 
vertency (heedfulness, care), -timen- 
to, M. : advice (counsel) ; (Eng.f adver- 
tisement), jl-tire [L. ad-vertere (turn)], 
Pr. -to or -tisco, te. : advise (apprise, in- 
form ; Eng.f advertise) ; admonish ; ob- 
serve (pay attention to), -titamente, 
ADV. : advertently (carefully). -tito, 
ADJ. : advised, etc. : stare — , be upon 
one's guard. 

av-vezzamentof, M. : custom. Il-vez- 
zare [vezzo], TR. : accustom (train), -voz- 
zato, or pop. -vezzo, part. : accus- 
tomed ; trained, -vezzaturaf, F. : habit. 

av-viamento, M. : beginning. ||-via- 
re [via], TE. : start (begin) ; set on foot ; 
prepare ; refl. : set out. -viato, adj. : 
started ; introduced, -viatnra, F. : be- 
ginning ; preparation ; first kindling. 

avvi-een - damento, M. : alternation. 
Il-dare [OTcenda], TR. : alternate; refl.: 
alternate (change bv turns), -devolef, 
ADJ. : alternate. 

awi-ei-namemto, M. : approach(ment). 
-nanzaf, F. : approach. Ij-nare [vici- 
no], TE., REFL. : approach, -nato, adj. : 
approached ; near (close). 

awignare [vigna], TE. : plant with vines. 

avTi-limento, M. : abasement ; humilia- 
tion. Il-lire [vile], TE. : degrade (de- 
base, Eng.f vilify) ; deject (discourage) ; 
REFL. : degrade one's self (be degraded) ; 
lose courage, -litivo, adj. : degrading 
(debasing) ; depreciative ; discouraging. 
-lito, ADJ. : degraded, etc. ; weakened. 

avvilup - pamento, M. : entanglement. 
II -pare [viluppo], TE. : envelop (wrap up); 
entangle (confuse) ; eefl. : get entangled 
(get bewildered), -pata, P. : confusion : 
all' — , helter-skelter. -pataiu6nte, 
ADV. : confusedly. -pat6re, M., -pa- 
tri«e, F. : wrapper; entangler; cheat. 
-patnra, P. : entanglement. 

aTvi-iia««latot = -nazzdto. H-nare 



[vino], TE. : imbue with wine (as casks, 
to remove the woody odour), -nato, adj.: 
imbued with wine ; drunk ; wine-coloured. 
-nazzamento, M.: getting tipsy, -naz- 
zare, TR. : make tipsy ; eefl. : get tipsy. 
-nazzato, ADJ. : tipsy. 
av-vin«ere [L. vincire, bind], IRB. (of. 
vincere) ; tb. : bind (tie up). -vincMa- 
ret = -vinghiare. -viu-eij/liare [vin- 
ciglio], TB. : bind with twigs, etc., fasten. 
-viugiMare, TE. : tie ; clasp ; befl. : 
embrace, -viuto, paet. of -vincere. 
avTiottolaref, INTB., befl. : set out. 
awi-sagrlia, F. : encounter (petty fight). 
-samentof, M . : advice ; observation. 
Il-sare [l.L. visare (L. videre, see), show], 
TE. : advise (give notice to, apprise, in- 
form) ; warn; think t, guessf; aim atf; 
perceivef; .contrivef; EEFL.f: perceive; 
[visa] meet face to face ; have an encoun- 
ter, -satameutef, ADV. : advisedly. 
-satdre, M. : adviser; informer; (theat.) 
call-boy ; judgef. avvi-so, M. : advice ; 
news; advertisement, placard: a mio — , 
in my judgment or opinion; stare {met- 
tersi) sulV — , be upon one's guard. 

avvis-tare [mate], TB. : judge at view 
(estimate) ; give a fine appearance to 
(show oif nicely), -tato, adj. : attrac- 
tive; prudent. 

avvisto, PAET. of avvedere. 

awi-taro [vite], TE. : screw tight, -tic- 
c/iiamento, M. : twining ; twist, -tic- 
c/uare, TB.: twine (twist), -tire, intr.: 
plant vines, -tic-eiare [mticcio], TE. : 
twine (like vines), -tolatof, adj. : twin- 
ing (tortuous). 

avvi-vamento, M. : reviving. H-vare 
[vivo], TE. ; vivify (enliven) ; eefl. : be 
quickened (recover), -vatore, M. : re- 

aviz-zaref, -zire [vizzo], INTB. : become 
soft (of fruit) ; wizen ; fade ; pabt. : soft 

awo-care, INTB. : practice law ; pleadf. 
-cariaf, F. : lawyer's profession or ofiice. 
-cata, F. : lady advocate ; Patroness (Ma- 
donna), -catessa, F. : lawyer's wife. 
Il-cato [L. ad-vocatus (vocare, call), one 
'summoned' in aid], advocate (doctor of 
law, entitled to plead civil and criminal 
causes) ; lawyer, -catore, m. : advo- 
catef; magistrate (in the Republic of 
Venice), -catorio, adj.: advocatory (of 
an advocate), -catdcolo, M.: pettifog- 
ger, -catura, F. : advocate or lawyer's 
profession, advocateship. 

avTocolaref, TE. : deceive 

avvoga. .f = avvoca. . 

awoggolaret, TE. : twist, wrap up. 

av=v6Igere, lEE.; TR.: wrap round (roll); 
EEFL. : 'turn about ; become twisted ; be 


mistakenf. -voIgimento,M.: wrapping 
or turning round; winding; tortuosity; 
deception, -volgolaref, TR. : entangle. 

avvolon-tatamentet, ADV.: willingly. 
-tatof, ADJ. : willing ; arbitrary. 

awolpaccfciaref, EEFL. : bewilder one's 

avTolpin^ref, TR. : deceive. 

awolsi, PRET. of avvolgere. 

avvol-taccfciaref, INTR. : turn to ani 
fro ; ramble. ||-tare [voltare], TE. : vnrap 
up ; turn around, -tato, ADJ. : wrapped 
up; twisted (entangled), -tatura, p.: 
wrapping ; winding, -ticcfciarc, TE. : 

avvolto, PAET. of avvolgere. 

avvolto-Iare [volto], TR., EEPL. : roll 
(round) ; whirl ; ramble ; wallow, -lata- 
mente, ADV. : confusedly, -latdra, 
p. : rolling or rambling about. 

azienda [? Span, hacienda, farm], p. : 
public or private administration (manage- 

azixant [fr. Ar.], M. : azimuth. 

azio - na««ia, disp. of -ne. -u«ella, 
dim. of -ne. ||azi6-ne [L. actio], P.: 
action ; act (deed) ; subject (of a play) ; 
(leg.) cause ; stock, share, -nista, M. : 
shareholder, -ud-eeia, p. : mean little 

azoto [Gr. a-, not, zoS, life], M. : azote 

azza [cf. ascia], P. : battle-axe. 

azzampato [zampa], adj. : provided with 

azzan-namento, M. : seizing with the 
teeth. Il-uare [zanna], TB. : seize with 
the teeth. 

azzar-dare,TR.: hazard. H-'do [fr.Ar.], 
s. : hazard, -doso, adj. : hazardous. 
azzeccare [zecca], TE. : hit (strike); hurl; 
catch, guess. 
azzer61o = lazzarolo. 
azzi-caref, TR. : move ; eepl. : stir ; be 

busy, -catoref, M. : bustler. 
azzi-ma, p.: unleavened dough, -mare, 

TB. . perfume ; adorn ; polish, -mella, 

P. : unleavened wafer. Ilazzi-mo [Gr. 

d-zimos, un-leavened], ADJ. :"unleavened ; 

hardt; m. pl. : Easter (of the Jews) or 

seven days after Easter. 
azzit-taref, -tiref, TE. : silence (stop). 
azzollaret, TR. : kill with clods. 
azzop-paref, -pire [zoppo], TR. . make 

limp; INTR.: limp (hobble), -patof, -pito, 

ADJ. : lame (crippled). 
azznf-famentot, M. : strife. ||.faro 

[zuffa], eefl. : come to blows (fight, join 

battle), -fa tore, M. : wrangler, -finot, 

M. : bailiff. 
azzuolof, ADJ. : dark-blue. 
azzur-reggiare, inte.: incline to azure- 


colour, -rieeio, -Tign.o, adj.: slightly 
azured (sky-coloured). ||azzup-ro [1. L. 
lazur (fr. Pers.)], m. : azuke. 

Tj, U pj.], M. : b (the letter). 

lia-, disp. pref. (cf. bis). 

babau [bau], M. : bugbear. 

bab-b. . [ba-ba, infantile BAB-ling] : -ba«- 
■eio, disp. of -bo ; adj. : silly, -ba-ecio- 
nef, M.: fool, -baleo, ADJ.: silly, -ba- 
looco, ADJ. : dull, heavy, -beo, ADJ. : 
silly; M. (Jeo,/.): silly person (fool), -bi- 
no, car. of -bo. -bione, aug. of -beo. 
-bo, M.: (Jam.) father (dad), -buassag- 
gine, F. : silliness, -buasso, ADj'. : 
foolish (stupid). 

babbue«ia [fr. Ar.], F. : toe-slipper. 

babbuino [?], M. : BABOON ; fool. 

babbdscof, adj. : big and tall. 

Ba-bel(l)e [fr. Assyr.], F. : Babylon (city 
of Assyria); babel, confusion, -bilonia, 
= Babele. 

ba-ca««ia, disp. of baco. -caio, M. : 
silkworm raiser, -care, INTB.: be worm- 
eaten, -cardzzo, M. : little worm (grub) ; 
robber. -cati««ia, ADJ. : worm-eaten ; 
somewhat unhealthy, -cato, ADJ. : hav- 
ing worms ; sick. 

bacca [L.], F. : berry ; pearl. 

bac-cala, -calarof [Sp. -a2ao], M.: dried 
cod, stockfish. 

bacca-lare [L. -lariusl, M. : wiseacre, 
pretender to wisdom, -leriat, f.: bach- 
elor's degree ; arrogance. 

bacca-nale [Bacco], liL : bacchanal (feast 
in honour of Bacchus), -naria. P.: 
feast of Bacchus, -'no, M.: loud talking. 
-'nte, P. : bacchante (priestess of Bac- 
chus), -'pof, TR. : dance ; revel, -'tot, 
ADJ. : drunk. 

ba-e-eella [-cello], F. : silly woman, -eel- 
laio, M. : bean-field. -«elletto, dim. 
of -cello. 

ba-e-eelliere [Fr. bachelier], u. : bach- 
elor's degree; bachelor; wiseacref. -eol- 
lierato, M. : bachelor's degree. 

bae-eellino, ADJ. : of the bean variety ; 
like a bean. ||-«ello [-co], M. : bean or 
pea (with the pod); pod (shell); simpleton. 
-eellone aug. of -cello. 

baccA^et-ta [baccMo], F. : stick ; rod. 
-tare, TR. : beat with a stick : — una 
com, sell a thing for very little, -tata, 
F. : blow with a stick, -tina, car. dim. 
of -ta. -tino, dim. of -to. -to, M. : rather 
large stick, -tona, F., -tone, M. : devo- 
tee (penitents being touched with a rod, 
by the priest); bigot; hypocrite, -tone- 



ria, F., -tonismo [cf. -tone], M. : bigotry; 

bac-cMare [bacckio], tr. : knock down 
(with a 'pole'); killf, murder. -cMata, 
F. : beating. 

baccUoo, ADJ. : Bacchian (drunken). 

baccMl(l)6u-a, F., -e [?], M. : simple- 
ton; idler. 

bacc/iio [baculo], M. : big stick ; pole ; 
young lambt. 

ba-e-eifero [bacca], ADJ. : producing ber- 
ries; bacciferous. 

Bacco, M. : Bacchus (god of wine); wine ; 

bacTie-caf, F. : show-case, -cof, M., 
-cat, P- '■ showy person. 

bac^e-rello, dim. of baco. bacbe- 
rozzo, -rozzolo, M. : worm (grub). 

ba«ia=basso, M. : profound reverence; 
humility, -mano, M. : kiss on the hand; 
compliment, -mento, M. : kissing (sa^ 
lute). =pile [pila, font of holy water], 
M. : bigot ; hypocrite. =p61vere, M. : 
hypocrite. ||ba«ia-re [6acJoi],TB.: kiss 
(salute) ; refl. : kiss one another ; M.t : 
kiss. =santi [santi, saints], M. : devotee ; 
hypocrite, ba-eigrno, M. : kiss. 

ba-eile, M. : basin, -einella, F. : small 
basin. -«inetto, M. : helmet-piece. 
||-«ino I [1. L. bassinus], m. : basin, vase. 

ba-'eino2, dim. of -do. ||-'-eioi [h. 
basium], M. : kiss (salute). 

ba«io2 [\. L. opacivus, OPAQUE'], ADJ.t: 
shady (in the shade). 

ba-«i6ne, - «i6zzo, aug. of -cio i . -«iac- 
cTtiare, TR. : kiss repeatedly, -eiuc- 
chio, M. : repeated kissing. 

ba-co [L. -cus], M. : worm ; silkworm. 
-colino, dim. 

bacolot = -culo. 

bacucco, M. : cowl (hood). 

baculo [L. -lum], M. : stick ; staff. 

ba-da [-dare], P. : delay : only in stare 
(tener) a — , delay, detain, keep expec- 
tant, -daggio, M. : expectation, hope. 

bada - lic^ibt, -lisc7^iot, -liscot, M. : 

bada-lone, ADJ.t: idle ; M. : great idler 
or trifler; choir-desk; large fig.t -luc- 
care, INTB. : loiter, watch ; skirmish ; 
assaultt ; investt. - luccatore t, M. : 
assailant, -luocot, M. : slight skirmish ; 
trifling diversion; trifle, -mentot, M. : 
delay. ||bada-re [?], INTB.: observe 
carefully (be attentive); mind; lose timet; 
REFL. : avoid danger. 

baderlat, P. . frivolous woman. 

ba-dessa [L. abbatissa (cf. abate)], P. . 
abbess, -dia, P.: abbey, -diale, ADJ.: 
(jest.) large, fat. 

badi^rliamentot, -digrliot, M. : yawning, 

badile [L. batillo], M. : shovel. 

64 baffetto 

baf-fetto, -tino, dim. of -fo. ||.fo [?], 
(us'ly pi.), M. : mustache. -f6na, P.: 
bearded woman, -fone, adj., m.: heavy- 
bearded (man). 

bagafi [Fr. bague = It. bacea], P. : gem. 

ba-gafz [1. L.], F. : leather bottle, -ga- 
glio, M. : baggage; knapsack, -gajrliu- 
me, M. : mass of baggage, -gascia, F. : 

bagat-tella [? bagai], P.: bagatelle 
(trifle), -tino, M. : small coin; worthless 

bag-geo [?], M. : fool; adj.: foolish. 
-gYanata, P.: foolish act. -gi^no, M.: 
fool (simpleton). 

baggiolaref, TR. : support, rest. 

bag/ier [Ger. wagen], M. : four-wheeled 
carriage (or wagon). 

bag^e-ro [? baga], M. : coin (farthing). 
-rone, M. : big copper coin. 

bagf of, M. : kiss. 

ba^liore [? ba-, lucore], M. : flash. 

ba-0nai61o, M. : bath-attendant, -gna- 
mento, M. : bathing (wetting), -grnan- 
to, M., P. (us'ly pi.): bather, -gnare, 
TR. : bathe (sprinkle, wash, moisten; repl.: 
bathe, -gnatura, P. : course of baths ; 
time for bathing, -grnetto, dim. of -gno. 
ll-gno [L. balneuml, M.: bath, -gnolo, M.: 
bathing with water, etc. (to ease pain). 

ba-gordare, INTR. : revel ; tiltf (joust). 
Il-gordo [1. L. bufurdiam], M. : revelling 
company ; lance (pike)t. 

bai=a i [?], P. : BAY. -ettaf, dim. 

bai=a 2 [?], p. : joke, -ettaf, dim, 

baiettone [baio], M. : lining goods (chest- 
nut coloured). 

baiaref = abbaiare. 

bailamme [Turk.], M. : hubbub. 

bai-lo [L. -ulus, porter: ak. to Bng. 
bailiff], M. : city magistrate; official, -liref, 
TR. : rule (govern). 

bai-o[L. badim],M.: chestnut colour. -6c- 
co, M. : four farthingst (from the colour); 
worthless man ; boor, -occone, aug. of 

bai-ona«eiot, disp. of -one. |l-6ne [aug. 
of baia 2], u. : big or bad joke ; joker 

baiouet-ta [Bayonne, Pr. city], P. : bay- 
onet, -tata, P. : bayonet thrust. 

baiosof, M. : lover of jokes. 

baiucaf, P. : nonsense, trifle. 

ba-lascto or -lasso Q. L. -lascius], M. : 
kind of ruby. 

balau-staf, P., -stof, M. : pomegranate 

balan-stro [Gr. -stiori], M. : small balus- 
trade, -strata, P. : balustrade, -stra- 
to, ADJ. : balustraded. 

bal-bettamento,M.: stammering, -bet- 
tante, M.: stutterer (stammerer), -bet- 

tare, TR., INTR.: stutter (stammer), -bet- 
tio, M. : continued stammering, -bezza- 
ret, INTR. : stammer. II -bo [L. -bus], 
ADJ.: stammering, -botiref, -bussaref, 
-butiret, -bnzzaref, INTR.: stammer. 
-buzie, P.: stammering, -buzziente, 
ADJ.: stammering; M., P.: stammerer. 
-buzziref, INTR. : stammer. 

Balcano, ADJ., M. : Balcan. 

bal-cot [L. -cus], M. : floor; scaffold; 
horns of a stag, -cone, M. . balcony. 

baldaccTiino [Bagdad], M. : baldachin 

bal-damente, ADV. : boldly, -danza, 
p. : boldness (self-confidence), -danzeg- 
giaref, INTR. : possess boldness ; act 
boldly, -danzosamente, ADV. : boldly, 
-danzosetto, dim. of -danzoso. -dan 
zoso, ADJ. : bold (courageous), -dellof, 
ADJ. : bold, -dimentof, M. : boldness. 
Il-do [Ger. bald], ADJ. : bold, -doria, 
p. : bonfire. 

baldracca [?], P. : harlot. 

ba-lena [L. -Icena], F.: whale ; whalebona 

bale-uamento, M. : lightning. H-na- 
re [-leno], intr. : flash. 

baleniere [-lena], adj.: whaling; M. : 

ba-lenio, M. : frequent lightning. Il-le- 
no [?], M. : lightning (flash). 

balenotto [-lena], M. : young whale. 

bale-stra [L. balista]. P.: cross-bow; 
(typ.) galley, -straio, M. : bow-man. 
-strare, TR., INTR. : shoot (hurl) ; trans- 
pieroef. -strata, F. : bow-shot ; length 
of a bow-shott; gun-shotf. -striere, 
M. : bowman, -strinof, dim. of -stro. 
-"stro, M. : crossbow, -strone, aug. of 
-stro; kind of breadf. -strn««io, M. : 
kind of swallow. 

ba-li [L. baiulus, 'carrier,' ak. to Eng. 
bailiff], M. : commander (in knighthood). 
-liai.F. : authority (power). ba-lia2, 
p.: wet-nurse. -JiAeeia,, disp. of -lia2. 
-liaggio, M. : office of a commander; 
magistrate ; bailiwick, -liatico [cf. 
-lia 2], M. : nurse's pay. -liatof, M. : 
bailiff's rank, ba-lio [-liaz], m. : hus- 
band of a nurse ; preceptort. -liona, 
aug. of -lia 2. 

bali-sta [L.], P.: ballista. bali-stica, 
p. : ballistics. 

balla [OGer. balla], p. : bale, sack : a 
balle, in abundance. 

bal-labilef, M. : ballet (dance), -lado- 
ref, M. : gallery of a ship, -lamentof, 
M. : wavering; dancing. ||-lare [ak. to 
Eng. ball], INTR. : dance, waver, -lata, 
p. : BALLAD ; intriguef. -latella, -la- 
tetta, dim. of -lata, -latina, dim. of 
-lata, -latoio, M.: gallery, terrace, -la- 
tore, M., -latri«e, P. : dancer, -leriaf. 


F. : dancing, -lerina, F. : wagtail, -le- 

riua, F., -lerino, M.: prof essional danc- 
er ; dancing-teacher, -lettare, intr. : 

jump, dance, -letto, dim. of -lo. -lo. 

M.: ball (dancing), -loncfuaref, intr.: 

dance badly, -lonc/tiot, m. : country 
dance, -lonzaref, intb. : dance badly. 
-lonzolare, INTR. : dance carelessly ; 
jump about, -lonzolo, M. : awkward 

Iial-ldttat ppalla], F.: little ballf; boiled 
chestnut (dim. of -la), small bag : naso 
a — , thick nose ; balloting ball, -lot- 
tare, TR. : ballot, vote, -lottazione, 
p. : balloting, voting. 

Iial - neario [L. -neum, bath], ADJ. : 

Iia-loocaggiiiet, F.: nonsense, -locca- 
re, TR.: trifle (away time) ; refl.: divert 
one's self (with trifles); trifle away or lose 
time, -loocfceriaf, P. : silly diversion. 
-looco [-daluceo], M. : toy, amusement ; 
clownf. -loocone, M. : blockhead. 

balogiaf, P. : boiled chestnut. 

balogio [ak. to barlume, which cf.], adj.: 
feeble ; dull (heavy) ; sultry (indicating 

ba-lorddggine, F. : foolishness (stupid- 
ity). -Idrdamente, ADV. : foolishly. 
-lordiat,F. : foolish act. ||-16rdo [? lor- 
do], ADJ. : dull ; indisposed. 

bal-samaref, TR. : embalm, -samico, 
ADJ. : balsamic, -samina, F. : balsam. 
-saminof, M. : balsam-tree. ||bal-sa- 
mo [Gr. -samori], M. : balm. 

balsof, M. : jump ; sheaf. 

balsolataf, F. : fear. 

b&lta [?], P. : in dar (la) — , upset (esp. 
of boats). 

balteo pj. -tens], M. : belt. 

Baltioo, ADJ., M. : Baltic. 

balnardo [Ger. bollwerk], M. : bulwark, 
bastion, fortress. 

ba-lnginare [ak. to -logio], intr. : flash; 

balnsantef, ADJ. : short-sighted. 

bal-za I [-zd], P. : cliff, rock. 

bal-za2 [L. -teus, belt], p.: trimming- 
band; fringe; white 'streak' or spot (on 
horses), -zana, F. : white 'streak' or 
spot (on horses), -zano, ADJ. : white- 
'streaked' = dappled horse ; two-coloured 
(arms or insignia) ; scatter-brained. 

bal-zare [? Gr. -lizein, throw], intr.: 
jump, leap, -zellare, INTR. : skip, jump. 
-zello, M. : small leapt ; special tax. 
-zellone, M. : skipping (leaping), -zo, 
M. : jut (cliff) ; jump. 

bam-bagellot, M.: rouge puff. ||-b4gia 
[L., Gr. -bdkion], f. : cheap cotton : (fig.) 
di — , weak, delicate, -bagino, ADJ. : 
cotton; M.: thin goods, dimity, -bagfof, 



M. : cotton, -bagioso, ADJ. : of or like 
bambara [? Afr.], F. : game of cards 

(similar to primero). 
bam-berottola, P., — lo,M.: rather large 
child, -bina, P. of -bino. -binaggine, 
p. : childishness, -binaia, P. : nurse (in 
noble families), -binaio, M. . lover of 
children (speo'ly old person), -binata, 
F. : childish act or speech, -binella, 
-binello, dim. and car. of -bino. -bi- 
neria, F. : childishness ; childish act. 
-binesco, ADJ. and disp. of -bino. -bi- 
netta, -biiietto, dim. of -bina and 
-bino. Il-bino [? a lost -bo, cf. -bolo], M.: 
child (under eight years of age), -bof, 
ADJ. . simple. -bo««eria, F. : childish 
act; childishness. -boe«iata, P.: child- 
ish act; caricature. -bd«eio, M.: large, 
fat child ; simple person. 
bam-bola, P. : puppet (of rags, etc.), 
doll ; little girlf. -bolinaggine, P. : 
childishness. ||-bolo [Gr. -b'alos], M. : 
little boy. -bolone, M. : fat child. 
bambn [Ind.], M. : bamboo. 
banano [Ind.], H. : banana. 
bau-ca, P. : bank ; soldiers' pay-oflRce ; 
bench (of galley-slaves). -cae«fo, M. : 
large shelf or board ; bench, -cario, 
ADJ. : pertaining to a bank, -carotta, 
p. : bankruptcy, -cfoetta, dim. of -ca. 
-cTtettare, INTR. : banquet, feast. -c?iet- 
to, M. : banquet; car.f of -ca or -co: 
rowers' benchf. -ofi-iere [-ca], M. : bank- 
er ; cambist, -cft-ima, P. : porch or gar- 
den bench ; elevation of ground (behind 
which soldiers take aim) ; foot-path. ||-co 
[Ger. bank, bench], m.: writing desk; mag- 
istrate's desk; street-vendePs counter; 
sand-bar. -co=giro, M.: transference of 
ban-da [Ger. band], P. : band (strip ; fu- 
neral band or drapery ; troop ; band of 
musicians); part of a door; sidef. -da- 
ref, TR. : trim with bands, -deggiaref, 
TR.: proclaim; banish. -della,p'.: hinge. 
-deraio, M. : maker of ensignsf; ensign- 
bearerf; church decorator. -der(n)61a, 
F.: flag (on a vessel); vane (weather-cock); 
fickle person, -diera, P. : ensign ; flag 
(of a ship), -dieraio, M. : maker of 
ensigns, -dinella, P. : towel (on rol- 
lers); pulpit cover. 
ban-dire [-do], TR.: announce (in church); 
banish, -dita, P. : private grounds, -di- 
to, ADJ.: proclaimed; banished; M.: ban- 
dit, outlaw: — a carte, royal or public 
ban-dista [-da], F. : member of a band. 
ban-ditore [-dire], M. : proclaimer (pub- 
lic crier). Il-do [1. L. -num], M. : decree ; 
banishment ; condemnationf. 



liaiidoliera [handa], u. : sboulder-belt ; 
soldier's belt. 

Iiandolo [-da], M. : head of a skein. 

bara [OGer. bara],F.: bier, coffin; litter. 

larabuffa [baruffa], F. : scuffling ; riot 

barac-ca [barra], F. : barrack ; bath- 
house, -cfcieref, M.: sutler. -cn«eia, 
dim. and disp. of -co. 

baragdzzo [? Afr.], M. : trifle. 

baraonda [Sp. -rahuTida], F. : confusion 

ba-rare [-ro], INTR. : cheat (at play). 

baratro [L. -trum], M. : deep, dark 
place ; abyss (hell). 

barattaf, F. : contention. 

barat-tamento, M.: exchanging. ||-ta- 
re [Gr. prdttein],Tn.: exchange (baeter); 
cheat; deal with swindlerst; embroil one's 
selff. -tatoro, M.: exchanger, -tazio- 
nef, F. : exchanging, -teria, F. : bar- 
tering, -tiere, M.: swindler; hucksterf. 
-to, M. : exchange ; swindle. 

barattolaf, F. : water-fowl. 

barattolo [? 1. L. veratruml, M. : vase ; 
pot (for medicines, conserves, etc.). 

bar-ba [L.], F. : beard ; force (strength) ; 
root ; unclef: in, alia — , in spite of. 
-babietola, P. : beet-root, -bacane, 
M. : barbacan, fortification. -ba««ia, 
F.: rough beard, -bagianni [Fr. barbe 
d Jean], M. : owl ; simpleton. 

barba^rlio [bagliore], M. : dazzling ; dizzi- 

bar-balacc7iiot,M.: dotard, -bandroc- 
cof, M.: lazy person, -banof, M.: uncle. 

barbaramente [-ro], ADV.: barbarously. 

barbare [-6a], tb. : take root ; play a 

bar-bareggiare, INTR. : speak or act 
barbarously; commit barbarisms, -ba- 
rescameitte, ADV. : barbarously, -ba- 
resco, ADJ. : barbarous, bar-bari, M. 
PL. : barbarians (northern nations not 
under Eoman rule), -barico, adj.: bar- 
barous, -barie, F. : barbarity (cruel 
act) ; barbarous manner of speaking or 
writing, -barismo, M.: barbarism; sole- 
cism, bar-baro [Gt. -baros], ADJ.: bar- 
barous (fierce, cruel) ; M. : barbarian. 

barbarossa [-ba], F. : sort of grape. 

barbassoro Ivarvassoro, vassal of low 
rank], M. : wiseacre. 

bar-bata [-ba], F. : roots, -batella, 
F. : layer, sprig ; kind of herb (eaten in 
salad), -batof, ADJ. : rooted ; wise ; val- 
iant, -bazzale, M.: curb (check); fetter. 

bar-beraref,. INTR. : play horse ; whirl 
about (of a peg-top), -beresco, M. : 
groom of barbery horses ; barbery horsef. 
Ilbar-bero [Barberia], M. : barbery 
horse ; race-horse. 


barbetta [-ba], F. : small, thin beard. 

bar-bicamanto, M.: taking root. ||-bi- 
capo [-ba], INTR. : take root ; grow. 

barbieet, ADJ. : pertaining to a sheep ; 
F. : sheep ; ewe. 

bar-bi-eella, -bi«ina, dim. of -ba (in 
sense of root), -bicolaf, dim. of -6a. 
-bicone, M. : large, coarse beard ; main 
root, -biere, M. : barber (hair-dresser). 
-bieriaf, F. : barber's shop, -bigi, M. 
PL.: whiskers. ||-bino [-5a], M.: 'small 
beard; piece of cloth to polish razors; 
miserf; ADJ.: lacking ability, -bio, 
-bo, M. : barbel (kind of fish). -bi=ton- 
sore, M. : barber, -bogio, ADJ. : old, 
imbecile; M.: dotard, -bolina, F.: very 
small root, -bone, M.: aug. of -6a; long 
thick beard ; water-spaniel, -bozza, F. : 
horse's under- jaw; = -bozzof, M.: helmet- 
front (for cheek and chin), -baeinaf. 
ADJ. : slightly bearded. 

barbn-{;liaineiito, M. : stammering. 
Il-^rltare [ak. to barboitare], wtr.: stam- 
mer ; speak confusedly. 

bar-buta [-6a], P. : helmet with a deep 
visor; helmeted soldier, -bdto, adj.: 
heavily bearded. 

bar-ca [L.], P.: bark (small boat); affair; 
confused heap. -ca««ia, disp. of -ca. 
-caiolo, M. : boatman ; ferryman, -ca- 
menare, REPL. : save one's self, -ca- 
rola, P. : barcarolle (gondolier's song). 
-cata, F. : boat-load (boatful). 
giare, INTR. : ride in a boat (for pleas- 
ure)t ; REPL. : save one's self. -cft,eg- 
giof, M. : boat-riding. -c^ere«eiot, M. : 
large number of boats. -cTietta, P.: 
small boat ; pleasure-boat. -c7te'ttai61o, 
M. : boatman. -cZiettina, -c7i.ettino, 
-cTiotto, -c7i.ettu««io, dim. of -ca. 
-ohino, M. : hunting-boat (used in 
marshes). -ooUamento, M. : wavering. 
-collare, INTR.: stagger, waver (totter). 
-collio, M.: continuous wavering, -col- 
lot, M. : wavering, -cone, aug. of -ca. 
-cnllare = -collare. -cnllone, -cnl- 
loni, ADV. : waveringly. 

bar-da [1. L.], P. : caparison, -damen- 
taret, TR>: caparison. -damentof, 
M. : trappings (of a horse), -dare, TR. : 
caparison; harness. 

bardana [1. L.], P. : burdock. 

bardassa [?], M. : naughty or ill-bred 
boy; rogue. 

bar-datnra, P. : caparison (trappings of 
a horse), -della [-da], F. : pack-saddle. 
-dellaref, TR. : put on a pack-saddle. 
-dellone, M.: large saddle (used in train- 
ing colts), -dic^lio [Fr. -de, piece of ba- 
con], M. : kind of marble (white and ceru- 

bax'-do [Celt, -dus], u. : bard (poet, esp. 


of the north), -dooucullof, m. : bard's 

bardotto [-da], M. : mule ; apprentice. 

ba-rella [-ra], F. : handbarrow, litter ; 
PL. : eye-glasses, -rellare, intr. : rest ; 
carry on a handbarrowf. -rellone, M. : 

bareriaf, P. : cheat ; swindle. 

bar-gai7naret, INTR. : bargain, -ga- 
ynof, M. : negotiation. 

bar-gella, P.: crafty or talkative woman. 
-gellino, M. : small coin (coined under 
the first Bargelli). ||-gello [1. L. bari- 
gildus (Ger.)], m. : commander (in Italian 
- city); chief of bailiffs; sheriff; residence 
of the commander ; slanderer. 

bar-giaf [-bo], P.: dew-lap (of oxen); beard 
(of goats), -giglio, M. (us'ly pi.): gills 
(of a cock), -giglidtof, adj. : having 

barigellof = bargello. 

ba-ri{;l{on«ino, dim. of -riglione. -ri- 
jrlione, M. : barrel (cask), -pilaf, P. : 
= -rile, -rilaia, P. : place where bar- 
rels are (cooperage), -rilaio, M.: cooper. 
Il-rile [1. L. -rilus], M. : barrel ; bee- 
hive ; old Florentine coinf. -riletto, 
dim. of -rile, -rilotto, m. : medium- 
sized barrel, -rlettof, M. : small barrel. 
-rlionef, M. : small barrel. 

bari-tono [Gr. bards, heavy, tonos, tone], 
M. : barytone voice ; baiytone singer. 
-tonale, ADJ. : barytone, -toneggia- 
re, INTR. : possess or imitate a baiytone 

barla'e«io [bis-, L. laxus, lax], ADJ. : 
spoiled (egg); slightly ill. 

bar-letta [for -iletta, of -He], P. : travel- 
ler's flask (barrel-shaped), -lettaio, M. : 
cooper, -lottaf = -letta. -lozzo, M. : 
small barrel. 

bariums [bis-, L. lumen, light], M. : dim, 
uncertain light ; (fig.) weak idea. 

barnabita [Barnaba], M. : Bamabite 
(member of a religious order); adj. : of a 

baro [?], M. : cheat, swindler (at cards). 

baroccA.isiiio [-rocco], M. : awkward 
(clumsy) work ; uncouthness. 

ba-ro««'faio, M. : carter (drayman). 
-ro-e«iata, P.: cartload; very fat wom- 
an. -ra««iiiaio, M. : cart-lender; street- 
vender. -roe«ino, M. : small vehicle 
(cart). ||-rd««io [L. bi-roteus] M.: 'two- 
wheeled' waggon (cart, handcart) ; great 

ba-rocco [-roco, in sense of oddness], 
adj. : BAROQUE ; awkward ; much orna- 
mented ; kind of usuryf. -roccolof, M. : 
kind of usury, -poccume, M. : quantity 
of odd, strange things, -poco [mnemonic 
word], M. : baroko (kind of syllogism). 



ba - rometrioo, ADJ. : barometric(al). 
11-rdm.etro [Gr. bdros, weight, metrdn, 
measure], m. : barometer. 

ba-ronaggio, M. : barony, -ronale, 
ADJ. : bai-onial. -ronaret, intr. : play 
the knave, -ronata, P. : wicked deed ; 
despicable thing. -ron«ello, M. : idle 
(good for nothing) boy. -ron«ino, M. : 
son of a baron. ||-r6ne [Fr. -ran], M. : 
baron ; game (with dice) ; knave (vaga- 
bond); title given to saints and to Christf ; 
great lordf. -romeriaf , p. : wicked 
action, -ronescamente, adv.: knavish- 
ly. -ronesco, ADJ. : knavish, -rones- 
sa, P. : baroness, -ronetto, M. : bar- 
onet, -rouevolef, ADJ. : noble, valiant. 
-ronia, F. : barony ; company of barousf; 
company of noble, valiant menf; rank 

bar-ra, 0- L.], p. : bar (in a court-room ; 
metal platef). -raref, tr. : bar ; cheat. 
-reria, P. : deceit, fraud. -rioare, 
TR. : barricade ; kefl. : protect one's self 
by a barricade, -ricata, p. : barricade. 
-rierat, F. : barrier (balustrade) ; pali- 

bar-rire [L.], INTR. : roar (of elephants). 
-rito, M. : roaring. 

barro-e-cio and der., cf. baroccio. 

barnf-fa [ruffa], P. : quarrel, -fof, M. : 
quarrel ; intrigue. 

barugioli [?], in : tra ugioli e — , all in 
all, altogether. 

barnl-Iaref, TR. : retail; roll, -'lof, 
M. : disp. ; huckster ; simpleton. 

barzellet-ta [?] F. : joke ; funny story. 
-tare, INTR. : joke. 

basaf = base. 

basa-liscTiiof, -liscof, M. : basilisk. 

basal-te, -to \L. -tes], M. : basalt. 

ba-samento, M.: base (foundation), -sa- 
re [-se], TR., refl. : found (establish). 

bascia, M. : pop. for pascid,. 

ba-sciaref, TR. : kiss. H-sciof, M. : 

base [Gr. -sis], P. : base (foundation) ; 

baseof, ADJ. : stupid (dull) ; M. : simpleton. 

baset-ta [?], F. : mustache ; whiskers. 
-tinit, M. PL. : whiskers, -tone, M. : 
big-whiskered man. 

ba-silica [Gr. -silike i-sileiis, king), royal 
palace], P. : basilica (Eoman public hall ; 
cathedral), -silicale, ADJ. : pertaining 
to a cathedral, -silico [Gr. -silikon, 
king plant], m. : sweet basil, -silisco 
[Gr. -siliskds, king lizard], m. : basilisk. 

basimento [-sire], M. : fainting. 

basinat, F. : pottage. 

basiuo [for bombasino], M. : bombasin. 

basire [Celt, bus, dead], INTR. : die, faint. 

basoffiaf, P. : pottage. 



basosof, ADJ. : stupid, dull. 

Iias-saiueute [basso], ADV.: humbly; 
basely, -samentof, -sanzaf = abbas- 
samento, abbassanza. - sare f = abbas- 
sare. -setta, F. : skin of a slaughtered 
sheept; broken flask ; (fig.) dwarf ; basset 
(game of cards), -settare, TR. : kill. 
-setto, ADJ. : dim. of -sof ; small violin. 
-sezza, F. : lowness, humility; abject- 
ness; base thingf. ||-so [l.L.-sas, thick], 
ADJ. : low, short ; shallow (of water) ; 
base (mean) ; wretched ; adv. : below, 
down ; basely ; M. : profundity (depth, bot- 
tom); bass; bass viol. -so=rilie-FO, 
M. : basrelief. -s6tto, M. : dim. of -so; 
short person ; mess of macaronif. -sdra, 
P. : low place or condition. 

basta I [OPr. -stir, baste], f. : basting ; 
wide fold (to lengthen a garment). 

1)0.313 2 [-sMr e], INTERJ. : enough! stop! 

bastagiof, M. : porter. 

bastaio [-to], M. : pack-saddle maker. 

ba-stante [-stare], ADJ. : suflicient. -stan- 
temeute, ADV. : sufficiently, -stanza, 
F. : in a — , usually abbastanza, in suf- 
ficiency, sufficiently, enough; durationf; 

ba-stardaf, ' P. : small galley, -star- 
della, P. : stew-pan ; sauce-pan. -star- 
dello, M. : foundling, -stardigiaf, 
p. : being a bastard. ||-stardo [-sto], 
ADJ. : bastard (illegitimate ; false) ; bor- 
rowed ; M. : bastard, -stardume, M. : 
(disp.) number of bastards ; false things ; 
useless growth (of plants). 

bastare [?], INTR. : suffice ; last ; subsistf. 

basterma [? -stare], P. : ancient chariot. 

ba-stevole [-stare], ADJ. : sufficient. 
-stevolezzaf, P. : sufficiency, -stevol- 
mente, ADV. : sufficiently. 

bastiaf, P. : bastion ; fortress. 

bastieref, M. : pack-saddle maker. 

bastimento [OPr. -tir, build], M. : ship. 

bastina [-to], P. : light pack-saddle. 

ba-stionare, TR. : fortify with bastions ; 
KEPL. -stionata, F. : defense of bas- 
tions, -stione, M. : fortification ; bas- 
tion. Il-stiref [OPr. -stir], TR. : build. 
-stitat, F. : palisade ; fortification. 

basto [?], M. : pack-saddle; troublesome 
weight ; heavy care. 

basto-nare, TR. : beat, cudgel, bastinade 
("cane"); sell cheaply, -nata, P.: beat- 
ing, -natura, P. : beating. -n«ello, 
dim. of -Tie. -n«ino, M. : cloth (of wool 
and lace) ; tea-roll, -neione, aug. of 
-Be. Ilbasto-me [? basto], M. : stick 
(cane), staff ; chicken-roost ; emblem of 
rank ; staff of commandf (cf. Bug. baton); 
PL. : clubs (at cards), -nieref, M.: mace- 
bearer; lictor. 

bastraconef, M. : fat man. 


bastorovescio [basto], M. : gutter. 

ba-tacoMaf, P.: bastinade. -tacc7i.ia- 
re, TR., EEPL.: beat (cudgel). -taocTiia- 
taf, F. : bastinade ; blow. ||-taccMo 
[L. *-taculum {-tuere, hit)], M. : bell-clap- 
per ; big stick ; pole. 

batassaref, TB. : shake. 

batataf, F. : sweet potato. 

batista [Baptiste of Cambrai, inventor], 
ADJ. : of fine cambric, lawn, batist. 

bat6ccfeiot, M. : blindman's staff. 

batolo [?], M. : priest's mantle ; fold of 
the cowlf ; foundationf. 

ba-tosta [?], P. : agitation (disturbance); 
contention ; battlef (combat), -tostaref, 
INTE. : dispute (quarrel). 

bat - tagiia. [ 1. L. -ualia (L. -tuere, 
strike)]. P.: battle; battalion f. -ta- 
g\ia.Te, INTR. : wage battle (us'ly in fig. 
sense); te. : fightf; beat In wallsf. -ta- 
j/liataf, P.: blow in battle, -taf/lieraf, 
p. : bastion, fortress, -tajrlieref, ADJ. : 
fond of battle, -taj/liero, ADJ. : ac- 
customed to battle ; fond of battle, -ta- 
{/lieroso f, -taglievole f, ADJ. : war- 
like. -taplio,M.: bell-clapper. -ta,g\i6- 
ne, M. : battalion ; crowd ; soldier of a 
battalionf. -tat/liosof, ADJ. : warlike ; 
quarrelsome, -taglistat, M. : battle- 
painter, -tagrlindlat, dim. at -tagiia. ' 
-tajrliuzzat, dim of -tagiia. 

batteggiaref, TR. : baptize. 

bat-tellata, F. : boat-load, -telletto, 
dim. of -tello. -telliere, M. : boatman. 
Il-tello [-to], M. : small boat : — di sal- 
vamento, life-boat. 

bat-tente, M. : folding-door ; frame (of a 
mirror, etc.); knocker. ||bat-tere 
[L. -tuere], TR. : beat (strike, knock ; 
overcome) ; chatter ; scour ; repl. : fight ; 
fight a duel ; — i denti, chatter (from 
cold, fever) ; — le died, strike ten ; — le 
mani, applaud ; — moneta, coin money. 
-teria, p.: battery; quantity of mer- 
chandise ; breachf ; artillery firef : — da 
cucina, kitchen utensils. 

bat-tesimale, ADJ.: baptismal. ||-te- 
simo [Gr. baptismos], M. : baptism. 
-tesmof, M. : baptism, -tezzamentof, 
M. : baptizing, -tezzare, TR.: baptize; 
name (a thing); repl.: receive baptism; 
— it vino, thin, adulterate the wine. 
-tezzatore, M. : baptizer. -tezzatorio, 
M. : baptismal font. -tezziere, M. : 

batti- [battere] : =baleuo, in un — , in 
a moment. =c6da, p. : titmouse. =cdre, 
M. : of. -cuore. -culot, M. : thigh armor ; 
kind of sail. =cu6re, M. : palpitation (of 
the heart); fear. =fianco, M.: partition 
board (of a stable). =f(a)6oo, M. : steel 
(to strike fire). 


battlfollet, M. : citadel. 

battifredof, M. : tower ; rampart ; mov- 
able tower (for attacking a fort). 

batti- [batter e]: -gif or -eief, P. : falling 
sickness; convulsions. =iaiio, M. : wool- 
carder, -loro [I' oto], m. : gold or silver 
beatar. =inano, or :rinani, M. : ap- 
plause, -mentof, M. : beating (esp. ap- 
plause), batti-o, M. : beating. =p6rtot, 
M. : entrance (into a ship). =s6ffiat, 
F. : sudden fear. 

battis-teriof, -tero [Gr. haptisteriori], 
M. : baptismal chapel ; bathf. 

batti- [battere] : =strada, M. : outrider. 
batti-to, M. : beating (of the heart), 
pulsation ; trembling (fear), -toio, M. : 
club ; folding-door, -tore, M. : beater. 
-tora, P. : beating (thrashing) ; imprint 
of the hammer ; punishment. 

battof, M.: rowboat. 

bat-toiaf l-tere], F. : clatterboard. -to- 
laref, INTB. : chatter. 

battd-ta, P. : pulse-beat ; beating time 
(in music). II -'to [battere], Am.: beaten, 
M.: condiment; pavementf, Tuscan ooinf. 

batuf-fo, or -(f )61o. [?], M. : heap. 

bau [echoic], M. : dog's bark ; one who 
causes fear (fright). 
, bandof, ADJ. : bold. 

ban-le \y h.haiulus, 'carrier'], M. : cof- 
fer, trunk, -letto, -lino, M. : dim. of 
-le; jewel or workbox. 

bansette [bau, sette], M. : fear. 

bantta [?], P. : domino. 

ba-va [?], F. : saliva ; slobbering ; poor 
silk ; profile, -vagliao, dim. of -vaglio. 
-■vagiio, M. : bib ; gag. 

Ba-varese, M., P., -varo, M. : Bavarian. 

ba-vella [-««], P.: kind of silk, -'vera, 
P.: cape, -verina, P.: embroidered 
collar. -'vero,M.: collar, cape, -vetta, 
P.: dim.'f of -^a; scum, -vettine, F. 
PL. : dough ; broth, -voso [-va], adj. : 

bazza [OGer. baze, gain, ak. to Bng. better], 
P.: bargain (cheap purchase); good luck; 
winning card ; projecting chin ; trickf (at 

bazzana [Ar.] F. : tanned sheepskin. 

bazzar [Ar.], M. : bazar. 

bazzar-af, or -of, cf. baratto. 

baz-zecola [dim. of -za], P.: folly; trifle. 
-zescot, ADJ.: low; clownish (coarse). 
-'zica, P. : game of cards, -zicare, 
INTR. : play -ziea; fight duels; frequent 
(of a place), -zicaturaf, P.: folly; 
trifle, -zicotto, M. : making a point (at 
-zica). -zicottone, M. : term in card- 
playing, baz-zina, P., baz-zino, M. : 
small purchase. 

faazzoffia [znffa]. P.: coarse food (thick 
pottage); long, confused composition. 



bazz6tto [? Ger. besotten, boiled], adj. : 
soft boiled (of eggs); half-done; unskilled. 

be [echoic], m. : bleating. 

be', ADV. : for bene. 

bea-re [L.], TR. : beatify (make happy); 
bless; repl.: take pleasure in. -ta- 
mente, ADV. : blessedly, -tdnza, r. : 
bliss, beatitude, -tificare, TR.: bless 
(beatify); magnifyf. -tificazione, P.: 
beatification ; function of the high priest 
(at mass), -tifico, adj. : beatific, -titu- 
dine. P.: beatitude (bliss); title of the 
pontiff, -to, ADJ.. happy (contented); 
beatifier (elect of Paradise). 

beca [-co], p. : woman of low rank ; slat- 

beccaf, P. : scarf (worn by university pro- 
fessor); band; garter. 

bec-cabile [-coi, beak], adj. : that may. 
be picked. -cae«ta, p.: woodcock. -ca«- 
-eino, M. : snipe. -Da^eio, disp. of -co. 
-cafico, M. : fig-pecker. 

beccaio [becco 2], m. : butcher. 

becca=indrti, M. : grave-digger. becca= 
pesci [pesce], w. : sea-bird. Ijbecca-re 
[beccoi], TR. : peck (eat); strike with the 
beak; win; obtain by cunning; repl.: catch: 
-card il cervello, puzzle one's brain. 

beccarellof, M. : kid. 

beccastrinof, M. : mattock. 

bec-cata [-co i], F. : blow with the beak ; 
beakful. -catella f, p. : hawk's lure ; 
trifle, -catello, M. : bracket, -catina, 
dim. of -cata. - catoio, M. : food-box 
(in bird-cages), -eatura, P. : pecking. 

becc^e-rellot, M. : dim. of becco 2 ; kid. 
Il-ria [becco 2], p.: butcher's shop; kil- 

beccA.icot, ADJ. : good for coughs ; pec- 

beccfcino [becco 2, in anal, with beccaio], 
M. : grave-digger. 

becco I [?], M. : beak ; mouth ; point (of 
various objects, as lip or spout of a pitch- 
er, etc.); beak of a ship; mallet: aver 
paglia in — , share a secret. 

bec-co2 [?], M. : goat; cuckold, -come, 

bec-cu««io [dim. of -co i], M. : spout. 
-cnzzare, TR. : freq. of -care. 

be-«erata. P.: insolent word or act. 
jl-'eero [yecoro], M. : vulgar man; cyn- 
ical, insolent man. -«er6na, -eero- 
ne, aug. -eerdme, M. : vulgar crowd ; 

beco \h.pecns], M. : dull (stupid); rustic. 

be-fana [Epifania], F. : Epiphany; goblin 
(bringing gifts to children at Epiphany); 
gift ; ugly woman, -fanaecia, disp. of 
-fana. -fania, P. : Epiphany. 

bef-fa [?], P. : derision (scorn), -fardo, 
ADJ. : jesting; m. : jester (banterer). -fa- 



re, TE. : ridicule (jeer at, scorn) : -far- 
si d' una cosa, not to care for a thing, 
scorn a thing, -fatore, M., -fatri-ee, 
p.: mocker, -feggiamento, M. : de- 
rision (ridicule), -feggiare, TR.: freq. 
of -fare, -fevolef,' -fivilef, adj. : ri- 
diculous ; contemptible. 

bega [?], F. : contention, trouble. 

beg/iina [1. L. -gardus (ak. to Eng. begj], 
F. : lay-sister ; beguine ; bigot. 

be^rli, PL. of bello before vowel or s im- 

be{;li=(ii)6iiiiiii, M. PL. . garden balsam 

begolare f, INTE. : trifle. || begole f, 
F. PL. : foolish talk ; trifles. 

bei I, PL. of bello before consonants (exc. s 

.bei 2 or bei [Turk.], M. : bey (Turkish 

bei for bello before consonants. 

be-lamento, M. : bleating. ||-lare [L.], 
INTR. : bleat ; cry ; calif. - lato , M. : 
bleating, -latere, M., -latri«e, F. : 
bleater, crier. 

belgico, ADJ. : Belgian. 

belio [-lare], M. : continued bleating. 

belgininot, M. : benzoin. 

beli' = bello. 

bella=ddnna, F. : belladonna. 

bellamente [-llo], ADV. : gracefully, well; 
beautifullyt; gentlyf. 

bel-laref, IKTB. : wage war. -latoref, 
M. : warrior. 

belletta [?], F. : sediment ; mud (mire). 

belletto [-llo], M. : paint (rouge). 

bel-lezza [-lo], F. : beauty; abundance. 
-lezzina, dim. of -lezza. 

bellico [umbilieo], M. : navel. 

bellico [L. -urn], pi. -ci. ADJ. : pertaining 
to war. 

belliconeio, M. : umbilical cord. 

belliconef, M. : beaker (bumper). 

bel-liooso [L. -lum], ADJ. : warlike (mar- 
tial); inciting to warf. -ligerante, adj.: 
belligerant. -ligero, adj. : warlike. 

bellimbusto [bello in busto], u. : dandy 

bellino [bello], adj. : rather pretty. 

belliricof, M. : myrobolan (plant). 

bel-lo [L. -lus], ADJ. : beautiful (fine ; 
gracious) ; gentle ; M. : beauty ; fine op- 
portunity ; (fine) thing. -16e«io, dim. 
car. of -lo. -lone, aug. of -lo. -losof, 
ADJ.: beautiful. -lo=spirito, M. : wit: 
far il — , act insipidly, -l^umore, M., 
F. : gay person. -Idria, P. : superficial 

b6-lot [-''!'■«]. M.: bleating, crying, -lone, 
M., F. : wailing person (esp. child). 

belta = bellezza. 

belva [L. -lua], P. : wild beast. 


bel=vedepe, M. : belvedere (point com- 
manding a fine prospect). 

belzebu [Heb. Baal, lord], M. : Beelzebub. 

belznino [?], M. : benzoin. 

bembe [bene-bene], ADV. : well, well. 

bemdlle, cf. bimolle. 

ben-, for bene in compounds. 

ben=andata, P. : farewell-money. =an- 
gurato or ben angnrato, ADJ. : aus- 
picious. = avventaranza , P. : good 
luck; prosperity. =cft.e [cAe], CONJ. : 

ben-da [Gt.banda'\,F.: band; veil. -d£- 
re, TR. : blindfold, -datura, F. : band- 
aging; blindfolding, -done, m. : bonnet- 
strings; trimming, -du-eeiof, M. : child's 

bene [L. bene], ADV. : well ; M. : good (ad- 
vantage); property (wealth) ; peace (quiet); 
PL. : goods, property (possessions): farci 
— , sell well ; operare — , work, act up- 
rightly; irattar — , have good manners; 
— spesso, very often ; «i — , most cer- 
tainly ; — vestito, decently, becomingly 
dressed; vestito — , dressed in rich gar- 

bene-detta, P. : electuary ; thunderbolt. 
-dettino [Benedetto, Benedict], ADJ.: 
Benedictine, M. : drink made by the Bene- 
dictines, -detto, ADJ. : blessed ; longed 
for ; M. : slight convulsion. =di«eret, 
cf. -dire. -di«ite [L.], grace (at table). 
-dicola, F. : trifling ecclesiastical office. 
||=dire [dire], IRE.§ ; TE. : bless, conse- 
crate; exalt; become spoiled (of things): 
mandar uno a farsi — , send any one to 
perdition, -ditoref, M., -ditrieef, P. : 
blesser. -dizione, F. : benediction ; con- 
secration : dar la — , wish to know no 
more of a thing. 

§ Like dire, except: Pres. hene-dico or 
(pop.) -disco. I've beiudici. Impf. bene-diciva 
or (pop.) -diva ; Subj. : be?ie-dic^ssi. Pret. 
bene-dissi or (pop.) -dii, 3, -disse, -di ; 6. -dis- 
sero, -dirotio. 

bene=fare, lER. ; INTR.: act honestly; 
BENEFIT. -fattivof, ADJ.: benefiting. 
-fatto, M.: benefit; service, -fattore, 
M.: benefactor (philanthropist), -fattri- 
■ee, P.: benefactress, -ficare', TR.: benefit 
(do good to), -ficatoret, M. : benefac- 
tor. -fi«&ntet, ADJ.: beneficent, -fieen- 
za, F.: beneficence. -fi«ialet, ADJ.: 
pertaining to an ecclesiastical benefice. 
-ficiaret, TR.: benefit (do kindnesses to). 
-fi-eiata, p. : benefit (for an actor), -fi- 
«iato, cf. -fiziato. -fi«io, M. : kind- 
ness; benefice, bene-fico, adj.: benefi- 
cent ;^ benefiting, -fiziaref, TR. : benefit. 
-fiziato, M. : beneficiary, -fiizio, M. : 
kindness (service) ; benefice ; gain ; utility; 
advantage, -flziotto, M. : benefice. 

bene-merenza, us'ly pi., p. : merit (de- 


sert). ||=iudrito, ADJ.: well-merited; 
M. : man of merit ; servioef. 

benepla-eito [L. -citumiplacere, please)], 
M. : approbation (consent ; will, option). 

1ieii=essere or lieii essere, M. : pros- 
perous condition (of health, fortune, etc.) ; 

lene-stante, adj.: well-conditioned, com- 
fortable ; healthy. ||=stape, M. : approv- 
al (of accounts, etc.). 

lene-voglientet, ADJ. : benevolent, -vo- 
glienzat, P. : benevolence, liend-vo- 
lef, cf. -volo. -Tolementet, adv. : 
benevolently, -volentementef, ADV. : 
with benevolence, -volenza, F. : benev- 
olence, -volmente, adv. : with benev- 
olence. ||bene=volo, ADJ. : benevolent 

beu^fatto, ADJ. : well made ; good feat- 
ured : cuore — , kind ; generous. 

beniamino [Beniamino, Benjamin], M. : 
beloved, favorite child. 

beni-ficaref, -fi«enzat, -fi«iot, cf. be- 
ne-jicare, etc. 

be - nignamente, adv. : benignantly 
(kindly), -nignita, P. : benignity (good- 
ness ; kindness). " |{-ni£rno |li. -nignus], 
ADJ. : benign (kind) ; mild (of weather) ; 
not dangerous (of sickness) ; propitious. 

benino [dim. of bene], ADV.: pretty well; 
well : per — , quite well, good. 

beniTOj;!. . = benevol. . 

bennaf, F. : mountain cart or sled ; fold ; 

ben^-^ato, ADJ. : well bom ; happy t ; for- 

benone [bene], ADV.: very well (excel- 

ben = serrito, M. : testimonial ; recom- 
mendatioa ; recompense!. 

beii=si, ADV. : certainly ; but. 

ben=toriiato, M. : welcome. 

beii=trovato, M. : welcome (greeting, 

ben=vendto, M. : welcome : dar il — , 

ben-TO£rlientet, adj. : benevolent. ||=vo- 
lere, IRR. ; TR. : wish well, love ; m. : 
benevolence, love : farsi — , make one's 
self loved ; prender a — , take under one's 
protectionf, adopt; love, -volnto, part.: 

benzina [belzuino], F. : benzine. 

be-6ne, pop. for -vone, M.: tippler, drunk- 

berbero or -pi, M. : barberry. 

bepbi«et, P. : sheep ; lamb. 

ber«iare [?], intr. : howl (shriek). 

ber«ildcc7iiot, M. : squint-eyed ; near- 
sighted person. 

ber«{o [-ciare], M. : howl ; scream. 

bere or bevere [h. bibere], ikr. (of. be- 



vere) ; tr. : drink : — grosao, be very cred- 
ulous ; dare a — , make (any one) believe ; 
bersela, berselo, believe blindly; — una 
cosofi believe a thing readily (' swallow'). 

bergamasca [Bergamo, Italian province], 
F. : kind of dance. 

berga - motta [Turk.], p.: bergamot. 
-mdtto, ADJ. : bergamot. 

bergfiinellaf, p. : gossip ; low woman. 

bergolinaref, TR. : quiz, rally, ber- 
golof, M. : blockhead ; big talker ; fickle 
person ; willow-basket. 

beri-cocolaiof, M. : honey-cake (or gin- 
gerbread) seller. -o(a)dcolot, M.: honey- 
cake (gingerbread). 

berillo [L. -ryllus], u. : beryl. 

berlicche [?], M.: (jest.) devil (dickens). 

berlinai [?], P. : pillory; gallowsf. 

berli-iia2 [Berlino, Berlin], p.: berlin 
(coach), -nese, adj. : Berlinian. 

berliii-ga««ino, M. : second Thursday 
before Lent. ||-ga€€io [?], M. : fat 
Thursday (last Thursday of the carnival) ; 
fat person, -gaiuolof, M. : big talker ; 
big eater, -gamentot, M. : babbling. 
-garet, INTK. : babble, chat (after a 
meal), -gatoref, M. : big babbler. -gMe- 
ref, M. : big eater, -gdzzaf, F. : coun- 
try-dance, -gozzo, M. : big cake. 

bernabita = barnabita. 

bernaclaf, P. : barnacle. 

bernecc/ie [h. ebronieus], M. : essere, an- 
dare in — , be a little intoxicated. 

ber-neggiare [Berni, Ital. humorist], 
INTR. : write in a humorous vein, -ne- 
sco, ADJ. : burlesque. 

berniaf, P. : woman's cloak. 

ber-n6cc7iiot, -uoccolo [bis-, nocchio], 
M. : protuberance, knob : aver il — di 
qualcosa, have a mind (inclination) for a 
thing, -noccoletto, -noccolino, dim. 
-nocoolnto, ADJ. : full of knobs. 

berret-ta [1. L. (L. birrus, 'red,' viz. 
cloth)], F. : barretta (priest's cap) ; lady's 
bonnet ; cap ; red berries of shrubs : — 
rossa, cardinal's hat ; aver il cervello so- 
pra la — , be without judgment ; far di 
■ — , salute a person. -ta««ia, disp. of 
-ta. -ta-eeio, disp. of -to. -taio, M. : 
maker or seller of bonnets, -tino, dim. 
of -to; ADJ.: malignant; wretched, ber- 
ret-to, M.: cap (with a vizor): — frigio, 
republican emblem ; — ducale, ducal coro- 
net; — da notte, nightcap; far di — , 
salute a person, -tone, aug. -tu-eeia, 
-tueeio, disp. dim. of -to. 

berriuolaf, F. . dim. of berretta ; house- 

berro-vaf/lla, F. : crowd of armed men. 
Il-viere [OFr. -vier, inhabitant of Berry], 
M. : armed man ; bailiff ; audacious soldier. 

ber-sa£rliare, TR. : shoot at a target ; 



(fig.) torment through enmity, -saglie- 
re, M. : sharpshooter. \\-sa,glio [?], M. : 
bull's-eye, target ; mark, butt ; encounterf 

berta [?], P. : pile-driver ; triok ; triflef : 
dar la — , deride, scorn. 

bertabello, M. : same as bertuello. 

berteggiare [-to], TR. : deride, ridicule. 

bertes-'ca [?], F. : parapet; bricklayer's 
hodf; bench t- -tescaref, intr.: fortify 
with parapets ; puzzle one's self. 

bertoldo [Bertoldo], M. : foolish man. ^ 

bortonef, M. : cropped horse ; high ship. 

bertovellof = bertuello. 

ber-tu««ia [-fa], F. : monkey ; ugly gos- 
siping woman, -tu-eeiata, F. : foolish 
act. -tu«-eiiia, dim. of -tuceia. -tu«- 
«iot, M.: monkey, baboon, -tueeione, 
aug. of -tueoio. 

bertuello [1. L. vertelolum {-tere, turn)], 
M. : fishing-net. 

bernzzof, M. : peasant's breakfast. 

berzaf, P. : calf of the leg. 

berzagrliof = bersaglio. 

bes-sagginet, P.: foolishness, bes-sof, 
ADJ. : foolish ; stolid. 

bestem-mia [Gr. Uasphemia], F. : blas- 
phemy ; false judgment, -miamentof, 
M. : blaspheming, -miare, TR., intr. : 
blaspheme. -miatoTa, F., -miatore, 
M.: blasphemer, -mione, M.: continuous 

be-stia [L.], p. : beast ; cruel man ; ig- 
norant person : andare (entrare, saltare) 
in — , fly into a rage ; conoscere I'umor 
delta — , know with whom one has to 4o. 
-stia.«'eia, disp. of -stia. -stiaio, 
keeper of animals, -stiale, adj. : bes- 
tial (brutal) ; enormous, -stialita, F. : 
bestiality; stupidity. -st>alinente,ADV.: 
in a bestial manner, -stiame, M. : herd 
of cattle, horses, etc. -stieciudlaf, 
dim. = -stiotticcia. -stilitaf, F. : same 
as -stialita. -stiola, p. : small animal ; 
ignorant person, -stioliua, -stiolino, 
-stiolu««ia, dim. of -stia. -stioiia«- 
■eio, disp. (applied to persons), -stione, 
M. : aug. of -stia ; coarse, wicked man ; very 
ignorant man. -stiuola = -siiofa. -stiuo- 
lo, M. : small animal ; ignorant person. 

bet-tola [for bevettola (bevere, di'ink)], 
p. : ale-house, tavern, -tolante, M. : 
frequenter of ale-houses ; tippler, -to- 
liere, M. : ale-house keeper. 

bettonica [L.], F. : betony (plant): esser 
piU conosciuto delta — , be very well 

be-tula or -tuUa [L.], p. : birch-tree. 

be-uocft.. ., -ut. . = be-vucch. ., -ut. . 

be-va, P.: time when a wine is fit to drink ; 
quality of wine, savour; (fig.) true ele- 
ment, forte, gift : i sonetti son la sua ■ — , 


sonnets are his forte, -vamda, P.: drink; 
potion, -verdggio, M. : drink (esp. for 
animals); drink-money; recompensef.^ -ve- 
ratoio, same as abbeveratoio. ||be-ve- 
re, or bere [L. bibere], IER.§ ; TR. : drink 
(cf. bere). -veriaf, P.: drinking (merry- 
making), --rerino, M. : drinking cup in 

§ Pres. d^o or (pop.) ^^f?; etc. Fret. 3^z/z/z 
{bevv- in i., 3., 6.) or (pop.) bevHii. Fut. be- 
verd or (pop.) berrd, etc. — Rare forms : Pret. 
bevH or bkbbi, bSsti, etc. 

bevero, M. : beaver. 

be-verone [-vere], M. : drink (for horses 
and cattle) ; medicinal drink, -vibile, 
ADJ.: drinkable, -vilacquaf, M.: water- 
drinker. -viinentot,M.: drinking, -vi- 
tore, M., -vitrice, P.: drinker, -vitu- 
raf, -vizionef, F. : drinking. -Tone, 
M.: hard drinker; tippler. -vaccMare, 
INTR.: freq. of -re. -vuta, P.: drinking. 
-vutina, dim. of -vuta. 

bezzi-care [beccoi], TR., eepl. : peck; 
TR., INTR. : peck (food); dispute (quarrel). 
-cata, P. : blow with the beak, -catu- 
ra, P. : wound from a beak. 

bezzo [L. bi-assis, double coin], M. : small 
Venetian coin ; PL. : money. 

bi- [L. bis, twice], prep. . bi-, two-, 
double [cf. bis-J, also disparaging. 

biacca [Ger. bleich, pale], F. : white lead. 

biacco [? ak. to black], M. : species of 
non-poisonous snake (coluber milo). 

bia-da [?], P.: horse-feed, oats, etc.; 
PL. : grains in general, -daiolo, M.: 
grain-seller, -dare, TR. : feed (animals). 

biadettof, ADJ. : clear azure ; M. : blue 

bian-castro, ADJ. : whitish, -castro- 
ne, aug. -cT^eggiamento, M. : whit- 
ening. -cTieggiare, INTR.: become white 
or pale ; grow'hoary or gray, -c/ieria, 
P. : linen or cotton clothes. -c7ierin«- 
«ia, dim. and disp. -cTtezza, P.: white- 
ness, paleness. -cM-e-eio, ADJ. : whit- 
ish, -ohimento, M.: whitening, bleach- 
ing. -chivB, TR.: whiten : bleach ; polish. 
Ilbian-co [OGer. blanc], adj.: white; 
pale ; hoary ; M. : whiteness, brightness ; 
blank. -comangiaref, M. : blanc- 
mange, -cone, 'adj. : white-skinned ; 
M.f : kind of falcon, -coref, M. : white- 
ness, paleness, -cosot, adj. : very white. 
-cospino l-co, spinol, M. : white thorn, 
hawthorn, -cume, M.: quantity of white 

biautef, M. : vagabond. 

bia-scia, P. : saliva, slaver, -sciamen- 
to, M.: chewing. -scia=inid611e, M., P.: 
chewer. H-sciare [? L. blcesare], TR. : 
eat slowly (chew, munch); eat without ap- 
petite; mumble (words): — una lingua, 
speak a language badly. -scia=ros4ri, 


M. •, mumbler of prayers ; bigot ; hypo- 
crite, -scicare, same as -sciare. 

'biasi-ai&'bile, adj. : blamable. H-ma- 
re pj. blasphemare, blaspheme], tk. : 
BLAME (censure); grieve (lament), -ma- 
tcre, M. : blamer. -mevole, adj. : 
blamable (reprehensible), -mevolmen- 
te, ADV.: reprehensibly. Iiiasi-mo, m.: 
censure, blame ; reproof. 

biasmaret, biasmof, same as biasima- 
re, biasimo. 

biastemaret, INTS. : same as bestem- 

biba«et, ADJ. : bibacious ; m. : drinker. 

Bibbia [Gr. bibliaj, P. : Bible ; tiresome 

biberef, same as bevere. 

bibita [-bere], F. : drink (of medicinal 



biblico [Bibbia], ADJ. : Biblical, scrip- 
tural ; reader in churchf. 

biblio- [Gr. biblion, book] : -^filo (Gr. phi- 
los, friend], M.: bibliophile, biblio-gra- 
fo [Gr. grdphein, write], M. : bibliogra- 
pher, -gra^a, F. : bibliography, -gra- 
fico, ADJ. : bibliographical, -grafica- 
mente, ADV. : bibliographically. bi- 
blio-mane, -mano, M. : bibliomaniac. 
-mania, F. : bibliomania, -teca [Gr. 
theke, box], F. : library ; collection of 
books (bearing on a particular subject). 
-tecario, M. : librarian. -tecTietta, 
dim. and ear. of -teca. -techiaa,, car. 
dim. of -teea; collection of small books 
(in the same edition). 

bica [OGer. biga], F. : heap, pile. 

bic-c7tieraiot, M. : maker or seller of 
beakers. ||-c7iiere [Ger. becher], M. : 
BEAKER, drinking-glass ; beakerful, calyx 
(of lichens)t. -cfcieretto, dim. -chie- 
rino, M. : dim.; choice liquor or wine. 
-cTiioro t := -cAierc. -c/t-ierone, aug. 
of -chiere. -c/iierotto, M. : medium- 
sized glass, -chieira-e-eio, dim. and 
disp. of -chiere. 

bi««iacntot, M. : offensive weapon. 

bi-e^icncca [ak. to bicocca], F. : worth- 
less house or thing. 

bi-eicletta, M. : safety bicycle, -eidi- 
sta, M. : bicyclist. H-'Ciclo [bi-, Gr. 
kuklos, circle], M. : bicycle (old style). 

bi«ipite [L. bi-cepe, two-hbaded], adj. : 

bicocca [?], F. : small fortress or castle 
(us'ly upon a height) ; worthless housef ; 

bicolore [bi-, L. color], adj. : two-col- 

bi-corne, -cfirno [bi-, L. cornu, HORN], 
adj. : bicornous, two-horned, -cormia, 
F. : double-pointed anvil. -cornuto, 
adj. : having two horns. 

bicnspide [bi-, L. cuspis, point], ADJ. : 
(arch.) double-pointed. 

bidalef, M. : foot-soldier. 

bidel-la, F., [1. L. bidellus (Ger.)], -lo, 
M. : custodian of a university, etc. (bidel, 

bidente [L. bi-dens, two-toothed], m. : 
pitch-fork ; mattock ; two-pointed sceptre 
(of Pluto). 

bi-ecam.eiite, ADV.: squintingly. ||.eco 
[obliqno], AS}.: squinting; sad. 

bi-ennale, ADJ. : lasting two years ; bi- 
ennial. Il-enne [bi-, L. annus, year], 
ADJ. : two years ; second year (of a Uni- 
versity student), -ennio, M. : space of 
two years. 

bie>tola [L. beta], F.: beet, -tolaggiue, 
F. : fool, simpleton, -tolina, dim. of 
-tola, -tolone, M. : stupid person ; spiu- 

bietta [?], P.: wedge; (ii/^.) wooden quoin. 

bif-fa [?],F.: levelling-stake. -fare, tr.: 
mark off with levelling stakes. 

bi - folcTteria, F. : tillage (husbandry) ; 
state of a ploughmanf. ||-f61co [L. bu- 
bulcus (bos, ox), plougher with oxen], 
M. -folca, F. : ploughman (tiller, farm- 
labourer); boor. 

bifoncTtiare = bofonchiare. 

bifor-camento, M.: bifurcation. ||-cdpe 
[6i-, L. /orca], repl. : bifurcate, -cato, 
PART. : bifurcated, -catnra, F. : point 
of bifurcation, bifop-co'f-, M. : double 

biforme [bi-, h. forma], adj. : having two 
forms or shapes. 

bif ronte [bi-, L. frons], ADJ. : having two 
fronts or faces ; two-faced (deceitful). 

bifiilco ^ bifolco. 

biga [L. biga (bis, twice)], f. : ancient 
two-horsed coach. 

biga-mia, P. : bigamy. ||biga-mo [L. 
-mus (bis, twice, Gr. gdmos, marriage)], 
M. : bigamist. 

bi-gattiera, P.: silk- worm establishment. 
Il-gattof [? ak. to baco], -gattolo, M.: 

bi-gellof, M. : coarse gray cloth, -gero- 
ernolof, ADJ. : grayish. 

bigTtel-lonare, INTB.: loiter about. 
||-16na, P., -lone [?], M.: aimless person 
(gawky idler ; dolt). 

bigft-eraiof, M. : buffoon. 

bigft.e-rato, PART. : trimmed with lace. 
-rino, M. : lace. Ubigfte-rot [?], M.: 
thread-lace; fringe. 

bigTtinat, -no = begh. . 

bi-gi-e€iot, ADJ. : grayish. Il-gio [?], 
ADj'. : gray ; sadf. -giofrnolo,' adj. : 

bigionef, M. : figpecker. 

bigiu [Fr. 6yoa, jewel], M.: beautiful thing. 



bi0li4t-to [Ft. billet], M. : billet (note) ; 
ticket : — di visita, visiting card, -tino, 
dim. of -to. 

bigo(l)16net = bighellone. 

'bi-gaii«ia, F.: vat; measure; university 
chair ; pulpit : a bigonce, in great quanti- 
ty. -goii«etta, dim. of -goncia. Il-gon- 
■eio [L. -congius, certain wine measure], 
M. : large vat. -goneioletto, dim. of 
-goneiolo. -gom«idlo, m. : small vat. 
-goneiona, aug. of -goncio. -gon«iu6- 
lo = -goneiolo. 

bi-gordaret, INTB. : tilt (joust)-. ||-g6r- 
dof = bagordo. 

bi - gotteria, P. : bigotry ; hypocrisy. 
Il-gotta, F., -gdtto [Fr. bigoij, M.: bigot; 

bigntta \bi-, L. guttus (-tta, drop), ves- 
sel], P. : soup or porridge kettle (used by 
the poor) ; great quantity of porridge. 

bi-laii«etta, dim. of -lancia. H-lan- 
■eia [L. -lanx], P. : BALANCE (pair of 
scales ; emblem of justice) ; square fish- 
net ; spring-tree bar (of carriages) ; PL. : 
sign of the zodiac : tener pari la — , be 
impartial ; pesar colla — deW orafo, be 
very scrupulous, -lan-efaiof, M. : scale- 
maker, -laneiamento, M.: balancing; 
pondering. -lan«iare, TR. : balance ; 
weigh (consider carefully, ponder) ; weigh 
with scalesf ; eefl.: retain one's equilibri- 
um, -lan-eiatamente, ADY. : in bal- 
ance, -eiatdre, M., -eiatri-ee, P.: bal- 
ancer. -lan«'iere, M.: pendulum; balanc- 
ing-pole ; accountant, -laneina, dim. 
of -lancia. -lan«ino, M. : coach-horse ; 
driver, postilion; helper; spring-bar. -lan- 
■cio, M. : balance ; ledger ; account : fare 
il — , keep account of expenses. 

bilateraie [bi-, laterale], adj. : mutually 
binding (of a contract). 

bile [L. bills], P. : bile ; fury, anger. 

bilencof, ADJ. : twisted, bow-legged. 

bilia I [Fr. bilk, billiard ball], F. : pocket 
of a billiard table : tirar (far) — , play 
(an opponent's ball) into the pocket. 

biliaf z, F. : packer's stick. 

biliardo [-lia i], M. : billiard table ; bil- 

bi-liare [-le], ADJ. : biliary ; bilious, -lia- 
piof = -Hare. 

bilicare, TE. : weigh, counterpoise ; build 
air-castles ; KEPL.f: poise one's self. ||bi- 
lico [L. umbilicus, navel, centre], M. : 
equipoise ; hinge ; centre of a thingf : in 
— , perfectly poised ; essere, stare, tenere 
in — , be poised ; be in suspense ; be un- 

bi-lingne [bi-, L. lingua], adj.: bilingual; 
deceitful (person), -linguof = -lingue. 

bilione [bi-, milione], u.: billion (million 


bilioso i-le], ADJ. : bilious ; choleric. 

biliorsaf, P. : hobgoblin ; fright. 

biliottatof, ADJ. : spattered ; speckled. 

billa [echoic], interj.: chick! chick! (call 
to chickens). 

billera [?], P. : joke, jest. 

billi [-rilli], M. : skittles (game). 

billione = bilione. 

billo [?], M. : turkey-cock. 

bfl-tjit, -tadef, -tatef — beltd. 

bilustre [bi-, L. lustrum], adj.: of ten 

bim-ba, P., -bo [see bambino], M. : very 
young child: — mio, exclamation of amaze- 

bi-mensile, ADJ. : bi-monthly, -mestra- 
le, ADJ. : bimestrial (lasting two months; 
happening every two months). H-mestre 
[L. -mestris (bis, twice, mensis, month)], 
M. : space of two months ; ADJ.f : ripening 
in two months (grain). 

bi(iii)in611e [bi-, molle], M. : B flat. 

bi-naref, INTR. : twin. ||-nario [L. -na- 
rius], ADJ. : binary (double) ; m. : rails. 

bi-nascenzaf, P. : birth of twins. =nato, 
ADJ. : (arch.) joined, matched (columns) ; 
twin-bornf ; having two naturesi". 

binda [Ger. winde], F. : pulley. 

bindellat, P. : ribbon. 

bindo-lare, TR. : perplex ; cheat, -le- 
ria, P. : artifice, cheat, -lino, disp. 
dim. of -lo. Ilbindo-lo [OGer. winden], 
M. : pulley ; swing ; cheater (knave), -lo- 
ne, aug. of -lo. 

binoculo [L. binus, double, oculus, eye], 
M. : BINOCLE (us'ly opera-glass). 

binomio [1. L. -mius], adj. : binomial; M.: 

biocco-letto, dim. of -occolo. Ilbidcoo- 
lo [L. flocculus (floccus)], M. : FLOCK of 
wool : lana in bioccoli, fleece ; un — di 
cera, cocoon ; raccattare i — , play eaves- 
dropper. -Into, ADJ. : woollen. 

biddo(lo), M. : (J)ot.) club-rush. 

bio-grafia [Gr. 5ios, life, jr(fpAei7t, write], 
p. : biography, -grafico, adj. : biograph- 
ical, bio-grafo, M. : biographer. 

bion-da«'Cio, disp. of -do. -deggiare, 
INTR. : be or appear fair ; ripen (of com). 
-dellof, dim. of -do. -detto, ADJ. : 
somewhat fair, -dezza, P. : being fau^. 
-dic-eio, -di««e, ADJ.: inclined to be 
fair, -dino, dim. and car. of -do. 
Ilbion-do [Ger. orig.], adj. : blond, fair; 
M. : blond person, -dona, -done, aug. 
of -do. 

biordaref = bagordare. 

bi-6scia [Jloscio], F. : wet snow ; thin, 
tasteless soup, -baciof ^ -oscia ; ADJ.: 
soft ; loose : a — , indistinctly ; athwart. 

biottof, ADJ. : poor, miserable. 

bi=partire, TR. : divide in two. 


bipede [L. bi-pes], adj. : biped (two- 

bipindllaf, F. : (hot.) pimpernel. 

bi - qqu&dro [bi, quadro], M. : (mus.) 
natural sign, -quadrato, adj. : biquad- 
ratic ; M. : fourth power of a number. 

biracoTiio [? disp. of birro], M. : rag, 

bir-ba, F. : idling youth ; rascal ; malicet; 
fraudf: far la — , go idling, play the 
street Arab; battere la — , go a-beg- 
ging, -bacohiola, dim. and car. of -ba. 
-ba-C'Cia, disp. of -ba. -bae«iona, 
-bae-eione, aug. of -ba. -bante, M. : 
rogue, -banteria, P.: roguery (fraud); 
vice, -bantesoo, adj. : roguish (dis- 
honest), -barella, -berella, dim. of 
-ba. -bata, F. : roguish act or word. 
-beria, P. : deception (fraud), -besco, 
adj.: idle, worthless; fraudulent. ||-bo 
[ak. to furbo], M. : knave, cheat, -bo- 
naio, M. : haunt of knaves, -bonata, 
F. : knavery (fraud) ; piece of botchery. 
-bon«ello, -boii«ella, disp. dim. of 
-bone, -bona, p., -bone, M. : wicked 
person; adj.: wicked (fraudulent), -bo- 
neggtare, intr. : be wicked or fraudu- 
lent". ' -boneria, F. : knavery. 

bir«io [?],adj.: short-sighted; squint-eyed. 

bireme [L. -mis (remus, oar)], F. : bireme 
(double-oared ship). 

biribaraf, M. : intricate game ; squabble. 

biri-bissaia, p. : winning card (at biribi). 
-bissaio, M. : stake-holder (at biribi). 
Il-bissi [?], M. : biribi (game). 

biri - c/iinata. P.: impertinent act. 
Il-cfcina, P., -chino, M. : [* bricchino, 
dim. of briceo] ; impudent girl or boy ; 
street urchin ; rascal. 

birillo [?], M. : billiard-ball (placed with 
five others forming a cross). 

biroldo [L. -rotulus], M. : kind of sausage. 

birra [Ger. bier], P. : beer. 

birraccMof, M. : calf a year old. 

bir-rach.idlo i-ro], dim. of -ro. -ra«- 
€io, disp. of -ro. -raglia, = sbirraglia. 

bir-raio [-ro], M. : brewer, -reria, P. : 
brewery ; saloon ; number of bailiffsf. 

bir-resco, ADJ. : pertaining to a bailiff. 
Il-ro [1. L. -rus], M. : bailiff, policeman : 
dar le sue ragioni a' birri, give one's ac- 
count to one unwilling to hear it. 

birrone [birra], M. : strong beer. 

bippovieref = berroviere. 

bis [h.], ADV. : TWICE, bis-, ber-, ba(r)- 
[? L. bis, or vix, hardly], disp. pref. (very, 
badly, perversely, etc.). 

bis&««ia [bi-, sacca], P. : large purse, 

bisan-te [Bisanzio], M. : ancient Byzan- 
tian coin ; spangle ; tinsel ornament, -ti- 
no, M. : small spangle. 



bis^apoavolo, M. : great-great-grand- 

bis=avo or -avolo, M. : great-grand- 

bisbetico [?], adj. : grumbling ; dissatis- 
fied ; strange, difficult. 

bis-bityliamento, M. : whispering. ||-bi- 
gliape [echoic], intr. : whisper ; buzz. 
-higlio, M. : whispering. 

bisca [?], P. : gambling-house. 

bis=cantare, TR.: sing low; hum. -can- 
tarello f, M. : low singing ; humming. 
II -canto I, M. : duet. 

biscanto2 [bis, canto (ak. to Eng. cant, 
corner)], M. : two-cornered nook ; retired 

biscaz-zaf, disp. of bisca. ||-zare [bis- 
ca], DJTR. : frequent gambling-houses. 
-ziere, M. : gambler. 

biscazzof, M. : mean joke or trick. 

bisch-enco [?], M. : impoliteness ; mean 
joke or trick. 

bis-c7tepettot, M.: small peg. his-che- 
rof, M. : peg (of a stringed instrument). 

biscftetto [for deschetto], M. : shoemaker's 

biscTiiz-zaref, INTR. : muse ; pun. bi- 
schiz-zof, M. : caprice, whim ; pun, play 
on words. 

biscia [?], P. : serpent, snake. 

biscio-la, -lona, F. : kind of cherry. 
-lina, dim. and car. of -la. -lino, dim. 
and car. of -lo. ||biscio-lo i [?], M. : 

bisciolo 2 [echoic], adj., m. : lisping. 

bi-scione, aug. of -scia. 

biscoloref, adj. : two-coloured. 

bis-cottape, TR.: bake hard, -cotteria, 
P. : biscuit or cake shop, -cottino, M. : 
little sugar cake ; light slap. ||=c6tto, 
adj. : hard-baked ; m. : biscuit ; sugar 
cake, -cottone, aug. of -to. 

bis=crdma, P. : (mus.) demi-semiquaver. 

bis=cngina, F., =cugino, M. : second or 
third cousin. 

bises-tape, INTR. : be leap-year, -tile, 
ADJ. : bissextile. ||bises-to [bis-, L. 
sextus], ADJ. : bissextile. 

bisgenepof, M. : grand-daughter's hus- 

bisillabo [bi-, sillaba], adj., h. : dissyl- 

bislac-oo, ADJ. : whimsical ; odd ; M. : 
whimsical person, -cone, aug. 

bislealef, ADJ. : disloyal ; M. : traitor. 

bislessapef, TR. : scald ; boil. 

bis^lnngo, ADJ. : oblong. 

bismnto [?], M. : bismuth. 

bi8=nip6te, M., p. : granduephew, grand- 
niece ; PL. : descendants. 

bis-nonna, F. : great-grandmother. 
||=n6nno, M. : great-grandfather. 



bi-so^rna, F. : affair; business, -sogna- 
mentof = -sogno. -sogaare, imfees., 
INTE. : be necessary (be needed, etc. ; cf . 
ex.) ■.mi — , ' it is necessary for me,' 
I need, I want; I am in want of. -so- 
gnevols, adj. : necessary, -sog-niao, 
dim. and car. (ironical) of -sogno : quando 
il — pieehia all' uscio, when poverty 
knocks at the door. ||-s6£rno [?], m. : 
want (need ; necessary amount) : tutti i 
bisogni del mese, the month's expenses ; 
dormire il suo ■ — , sleep as much as one 
requires, -so^ynoso, adj. : needy, poor ; 
M. : poor person. 

bisoute [L. -son], M. : bison. 

bissillabo = bisillabo. 

bissontet = bisonte. 

bisso [L. byssus, cotton], M. : fine linen 
(used by the ancients). 

bistautef, M. : instant. 

bisteoca [Eng. beefsteak'], p. : beefsteak. 

bis-tentaref, INTR. : hesitate ; put oil. 
Il-tentof, M. : procrastination ; pain. 

bis-ti-e-eiare [?], INTE., EBCIP. : contend ; 
dispute. -ti««io, M. : dispute. 

bistintof, ADJ. : twice dyed. 

bis-tondato, ADJ. : roundish (somewhat 
round). ||=t6ndo, ADJ. : round. ■ 

bistornaref, TE. : divert ; (Jig.) overturn. 

bis-tfirtaf, P. : winding ; distortion ; me- 
dicinal plant. ||=torto, ADJ. : twisted ; 

bis=trattare, TR., EECIPR.: treat badly; 

bistu-ri[Pisiorium,Pistoia, where made], 
-rino, M. : bistoury (surgeon's knife). 

bisulco [L. -cus {sulcus, furrow)], adj. : 
bisulcous (two-furrowed); cloven-footed. 

bis=unto, adj. : very greasy ; filthy. 

bitontonef, M. : large fig. 

bi-torzof [hi-, L. tortus, twisted] = -tor- 
zolo. -torzolatof, adj. : having warts ; 
knotty, -torzolo, M.: wart; knot, -tor- 
zoluto, ADJ. : having warts or knots. 

bitter [Ger. bitter], M. : bitters (alcoholic 

bitn-me [L. -jnen], M. : bitumen ; chalkf. 
-minoso, ADJ. : bituminous. 

bivao-cai-e, INTE.: bivouac. ||bivac-co 
{Ft. bivac (Ger. bei-wache, 'by-watch')], 
M. : bivouac. 

bivalv-o, -o, ADJ. . bivalve. 

bivarof, M. : beaver. 

bivio IJi. bivium {bis, via, road)], M. : 
cross-roads ; uncertainty. 

bizantino [Bisanzio, Byzantium], adj. : 

bizza [?], P. : slight, passing anger. 

bizzar-ramente, ADV. : strangely (odd- 
ly), -ria, P.: strangeness, oddness. ||biz- 
zar-ro [?], adj. : bizarre (strange, odd ; 
fantastic); spirited (of horses); irasciblef. 


bizzefPe (a) [?], M., ADV. : in great quan- 

bizzo-cTierof, ||bizz6-cot, ADJ. : bigot- 
ed; hypocritical; m. : bigot; hypocrite. 
-c6net, M. : big fool. 

bizzo-setto, -sino, dim. of -so. Ilbiz- 
z6-so [bizza], ADJ. : quick-tempered. 

biz-zucat, -zmgaf, P. : tortoise ; turtle. 

blan-damente, ADV. : blandly, -di- 
mento, M. : blandishment (caress ; flat- 
tery), -dire, TE. : allure, caress; flat- 
ter, -dizie, P. PL. : blandishments (ca- 
resses ; flattery). Il-do [L. -dus], adj. . 
BLAND (gentle ; mild). 

blas=feiniat = bestemmia. -femiof =: 

blasmaret = biasimare. 

bla-sone [OGer. bias, torch, ak. to Eng. 
blaze], M. : blazonry ; coat of arms. -s6- 
nico, ADJ. : pertaining to blazonry. 

blaterare [L.], INTE.: babble (prate con- 

blattaf, P. : cockroach. 

bleso [L. blcesus], adj.: tongue-tied; lisp- 

bloc -care, TR. : blockade. |1 bide -co 
[Ger. block], M. : block ; blockade. 

blu [Fr. bleu], my AS., adj.: blue; M.: the 
colour blue. 

boa [L.], M.: boa (serpent; woman's neck- 

boa-to \L. -re], M. : roar (bellowing). 
-ttleref, M. : grazier. 

bobbla [ak. to bombo], P. : loose, wobbly 

bobolcof =: bifolco. 

bocca [L. bucca], P. : month ; opening : 
acqua in — .' hush ! 

bocca« - «esco [Boccaccio], ADJ. : liks 
Boccaccio. -eevole, disp. of -cesco. 
-«evolmente, ADV. : after the manner 
of Boccaccio. 

bocca««ia, disp. of hocca. 

bocca-lae«io, disp. of -le. ||bocca-Ie. 
[L. baucalis], m. : bocal ; decanter ; liquid 
in the decanter. 

bocca=p6rta, P., -porto, M. : hatchway 
(of a ship). 

boccata [bocca], p. : mouthful ; slap (on 
the face)t. 

boe-eetta [dim. of boccia], P. : phial. 

boccfeeg-giamento,M.: gasping. Il-gia- 
re [bocca]', TR. : gasp (for breath). 

boc-oTietta [bocca],F.: small mouth; small 
opening, -china, M.: car. of -ca: pout; 
mouthpiece (cigar-holder). 

hoe-eia. [?], P.: glass (goblet); bud; false 
invention ; PL. : wooden balls, -eiare, 
TR. : smash ; fail (in an examination). 

bo€«inot, ADJ. . bovine ; M. : calf. 

b6€-«io i-cia], u. : goblet ; bud. -elo- 
letto, dim. of -ciolo. -«i(u)61o, M. ; 


section of a windpipe ; pipe ; socket, 
burner (gas-); graftt;= -no. -«iol6- 
sot, ADJ.: full of buds, --ciona, aug. 
of -cia, (vase), -eione, M. : large glass. 
-cludla, F. : small rosebud. 

bocco [?], M. : chestnut (used in playing); 
worthless fellow; fool. 

boo - ooua \r<^(i\, -cone, aug. of -ea. 
-concello, dim. of -cone. -con«iiio, 
M. : dim. of -cone ; any pleasing thing. 
-oone, M. : mouthful ; big pillf : dare il 
— , corrupt with bribes; lavorar a boc- 
coni, work amid interruptions ; rarely = 
-eoni. -coni, or a -coni, adv. : lying 
upon one's face, -cueeia, car. of -co. 
-cuzzaf = -cuccia. 

bo-eef 1= voce'], P. : voice ; vote. -«ia.- 
re, INTE. : call out; give a bad reputa- 
tion, -elo, M. : continued calling, -eio- 
ne, M., -eiona, P. : loud talker. 

bodola [?], P. : trap-door. 

bodoniano [publisher Bodoni], adj.: per- 
taining to Bodoni : edizione — a, Bodoni's 

boemo, M.: Bohemian. 

bof-fice [? sqffice'], ADJ. : soft, delicate ; 
plump (woman or boy): pane — , raised 
bread, -fieiona, -fi«i6ne, aug. of 

bo-foncTi-iare, INTR. : mutter, grumble. 
ll-foncMot [?], M. : wasp, hornet. 

bogaf, P. : chain ; prison. 

b6gia [?], P. : mark, blemish on the skin. 

bosrlientef, PART, of bollire. 

bo-ia [L., string of cow-hide], M., invar.: 
hangman, -iessaf, P. : hangman's wife. 

bol-eionaref, TR. : strike with a batter- 
ing-ram. ||-«i6iiet, -zonet, M.: batter- 

bol-dronaiot, M.: seller of hides. ||-dr6- 
met, M. : hide ; fleece. 

bol-getta, P.: dim. oi-gia; large bag for 
carrying letters. ||bdl-g£a [L. bulga], 
P.: large wallet or valise : 'le bolge delVIii- 
ferno, the circles of Dante's Inferno ; the 
ten trenches of the eighth circle. 

bdlide [Gr. -lii, missile], M. : meteor. 

bolinof ^ bulino. 

bol-la [L. bulla], P. : bubble ; boil ; pim- 
ple; ball; BULL (Pope's letter); PL.: seals 
(of ancient emperors), -lare, TR. : seal : 
stamp. -lario, M. : collection of Papal 
bulls, -latore, M. : sealer ; stamper. 
-latnra, P. : sealing (stamping), -len- 
te, PART, of- lire: boiling, hot. -letta, 
and derivatives = bulletta. -li -li, M. : 
ebullition ; uproar, -lioamentot, M. : 
swarming, -licaref, INTR.: swarm, -li- 
«eUa, dim. of -la. -li«fattola, P.: 
dim. of -la (esp. pimple), -li-cina, dim. 
of -la. -limento, M.: boiling; bubbling. 
-lire (Pres. -lo), INTR.: boil, bubble. 



-lito, ADJ. : boiled, -litnra, p. : ebul- 
lition ; decoction, -lo, m. : seal ; stamp. 
-lore, M. : boiling ; anger (rage), -lori- 
no, dim. of -lore. -Idso, ADJ.: pimpled. 
-lu€-eia, dim. of -la. 

bolof, M. : bole (clay); (med.) bolus. 

bolo^rnino [Bologna], u.: Bolognese coin. 

bol-saggine , P. : pursiness (esp. of horses). 
Il-so [L. pulsus], ADJ. : asthmatic; weak- 

bolzo-naref, TR. : strike with a batter- 
ing-ram. -nataf, P. : blow with a bat- 
tering-ram. Ilbolzo-nef, M.: battering- 
ram ; stamping-iron (for medallions, etc.). 

bomba [?], P. : bomb ; boasting ; idle sto- 
ry ; mark (butt) ; game (similar to game 
of 'tag'): stare, tornare a — , come back 
to the subject. 

bombanza, p. : boldness ; pomp (mag- 

bombar-da [bomba], P. : bombard (mor- 
tar ; part of an organ), -damento, M. : 
bombardment, -dare, TR. : bombard. 
-diera, F. : embrasure (for a bombard); 
gun-boat. -diere,M.: bombardier, -die- 
rof = beone. -done, M. : bombardo. 

bombero [?], M. : blockhead. 

bombettaret, TR. : tipple. 

bombi-ee [Gr. -byx], M. : silkworm. 

bombo [?], M. : {child.) drink. 

bombo-la, P.: decanter (short-necked 
bellying vessel), -letta, dim. 

bom-bona, P., -bone [-bd], M.: boaster; 
foolish talker. 

bomeref, -rof, M. : ploughshare. 

bomicaref = vomitare. 

bompresso [Eng. bowspri{], M. : bowsprit. 

bo - nae«ia [buono], P. : calm (at sea) ; 
time of tranquillity, happiness ; good- 
naturef. -nac-eiare, INTR., REPL. : be- 
come calm. -na««io, adj.: good- 
natured (kind-hearted). -na««i6ne, 
aug. of -naccio. -na««i6so, ADJ. : calm, 
tranquil. -na=mano, P. : extra fee, tip. 
- namente f, ADV. : kindly ; truly ; as 
well as possible, -nariamente, ADV. : 
kindly, in good faith -narieta, P.: 
good-nature, affability, -nario [buono], 
ADJ. : good-natured ; candid ; credulous. 
-naritat= -narietd. -na=vd0Ka, M.: 
young doctor (esp. student-doctor in a 

boneinello [bolcione], M. : staple (of a 

bon=gnstaio [gusto], M. : person of good 
taste, -ifica, P. : cultivating, -ifica- 
mento, M. : improving, cultivating, -ifi- 
c4re [ak. to Eng. boni-fy], TR. : render 
fit for cultivation ; redeem (lands) ; credit 
an accountf. -itaf = -td. -ino, dim. 
and car. of bono. ||b6n-o [L. -us], adj. ■ 

' good (pop. for buono) ; ' good,' as in — per 



500 lire, good for 500 lire, -omia [-omo], 
F. : good-nature. - oina««io, disp. or 
car. of -omo. -omiui [-omo], M. PL. : pi. 
of -omo; ancient Florentine tribunal (of 
twelve men). =dino, M. : good-natured 
man. -one, aug. of bono, -ta, P. : good- 
ness (kindness); goodf (advantage); 

'bouzot, M. : bonze (Chinese or Japanese 

boraf, F. : kind of serpent. 

■bo-ri«e [Ar.], ADJ., P.: borax, -ra-eico, 
ADJ. : boracio. 

Iiorbigit, M. : lisper ; blockhead. 

bor - bb^rHaineiito f , M. : muttering. 
II - hogliare f, TE. : murmur ; whisper. 
-hoglio, U. : muttering ; uproar. 

borbot-tamento, M. : muttering (grum- 
bling). Il-tare \barbottare, disp. of bal- 
bettare] , inte. : grumble (mutter) ; tr. : 
speak (a language) badly ; eepl. : speak 

borbottino [?], M. : ragout ; dish ; nar- 
row-necked vasef. 

borbot-tio [-tare], M. : continued grum- 
bling, -tona, F., -tone, M. : constant 

hor-chia, [?], P. : stud ; boss ; ornament. 
-cMaio, M. : maker or seller of studs, 
etc. -chi6tta,, -cTiiettina, -cTi-iua, 
dim. of chia. -cMona, aug. of -chia. 

bor-daglia, P. : rabble (populace). ||-da- 
re [from a lost -da, cudgel], TE. : beat ; 
work hard. 

bor-datino or -dato [-do], M. : blue and 
white linen cloth, -deggiare, inte. : 
beat (against the wind), tack. 

bordelleriaf, P. : trifle. 

bordello [Pr. -del], M. : brothel ; tumult. 

bordo [OGer. bort], M. : (nav.) board ; bor- 
derf: andar a — , go aboard ; persona di 
alto — , person of great authority and im- 

bordd [Bordeaux], M. : bordeaux (claret). 

bordone [aug. of -da (cf. -dare)], M. : pil- 
grim's staff; first wing-feathers; beamf 
(plank); (mus.) bassf. 

bo-rea [Gr. Borlas], M. : (poet.) north ; 
north-wind, -reale, ADJ. : boreal, north- 

bor-gata, F. : borough, -gatella, dim. 
of -gata. -ghese, M. : burgess (burgher, 
citizen). -gTiesia, F. : burgesship (bur- 
ghership); the citizens. -gTiesu-eeio, 
disp. dim. of -ghese. -g7i,ettiiio, dim. 
of -ghetto. , -gft.etto, dim. of -go. -g/ii-e- 
«i61o, dim. of -go. -gMgiana, p.: 
villager. -gMgiano, M.: burgher (villa- 
ger). ||b6r-go [Ger. burg], u.: boeough ; 
town; suburb, -gomastro [Ger. mei- 
ster], M. : burgomaster. -gu««io, dim. 
of -go. 


bo-ria [-rea], F. : inflation, vanity ; arro- 
gance, pride, -riare, EEPL. : be arrogant 
or proud. -ri6ne, M. : very arrogant 
person, -riosamente, ADV.: arrogantly. 
-riosetto, dim. of -rioso. -riosita, P. : 
arrogance, pride, -rioso, ADJ. : inflated 
(arrogant, proud). -riu««ia, disp. dim. 
of -ria. 

bdrniof, ADJ. : short-sighted; squint-eyed. 

bdrnioiaf, P. : unjust decision. 

bor-ra [1. L. burr a], F. : clippings (of 
rags, hair, etc.); stuffing; shabby coat; 
trash, worthless thing; (pop.) strength. 
-ra«-eia, P. : disp. of -ra ; canteen, -rae- 
«ina, P.: lichen. -rag(g)inet, F.: bor- 
age, -rana, P.; borage '(plant.), 

bor-ratello, dim. of -ro. ||b6r-ro [Gr. 
bothros, trench], M.: ravine, hollow (formed 
by a flood), -rone = burrone. 

bor-sa [Gr. bilrsa, hide], P. : puese ; bag 
(for money); portmanteau; swelling; ex- 
change : far — , hoard money, -saiof, 
M. : maker or seller of purses, -saiolo, 
M. : pickpocket, -sellino, M. : purse. 
-sello, -setta, dim. of -sa. -setti- 
na, dim. of -setta. -siglio, M. : extra 
money, -sina, dim. of -sa. -sone, M. : 
large purse, -sdttof, M. : rather large 

borzaccTiinof, M. . buskin. 

bos-caglia, p.: woods, forest, -ca- 
£rlia««iat, disp. of -caglia. -caiola, 
p. : forester's wife, -caiolo, M. : forester. 
-oaiuolof, M. : forester. - cataf, P. : 
boscage (grove), -oatof, adj. : woody. 
-c7ieree«io, ADJ. : pertaining to woods; 
forest- ; dwellerf in a forest, -cftet- 
tino, dim. of -co. -cfcetto, M. : grove; 
place for snaring birds, -cfcivo, ADJ. : 
wooded; planted with trees. ||bds-co 
p. L. buscus], M. : forest (woods); grove; 
(jig.) confusion. - coso, ADJ. : full of 

bos-sinof, dim. of -so. ||b6s-sot [L. 
buxus] = -solo, -soletto, -solino, diw,. 
of -solo, bds-solo, M. : box-tree ; small 
box; poor-box. 

bo-tanica [Gr. botdne, pasture], F. : bot- 
any, -tanico, ADJ. : botanical ; M. : bot- 

bo-taref, TE.: vow (consecrate), bo-tof, 
M. : VOTE ; simpleton. 

bdtolaf, P. : trap-door. 

bdtolo [?], M. : small, snappish dog; (jig.) 
furious man. 

botro [cf . borro], M. : mountain-pool : esser 
K71 — , be a big eater. 

botta [? OGer. butze, knock], F. : swelling 
(from a blow); blow; shot; toad (as 
'swelled up') ; fat person. 

bot-tae-eiata, F. : bottleful of water. 
-ta'e«ino, M. : small bottle. ||-td««io 


[-«e], M. : BOTTLE (flagon) ; kind of thrushf. 
-ta««iolo, M. : small bottle. 

Iiottagliet, F. PL. : water-tight boots. 

bot-taio [-te], M. : cooper, -tame, M. : 
quantity of casks. 

bottarga [?], P. : kind of caviar. 

bottata [botta\, P. : sharp word or phrase; 
obscure phrase ; harm ; blowf (of firearm). 

botte [L. huttis], F. : cask, barrel. 

botte-ga [Gr. ap6, from, theke, reposi- 
tory], P. : shop. -ga««ia, disp. of -ga. 
-gaia, P., -gaio, M. : shop-keeper ; pro- 
vision-dealer, -gante, M. : shop-attend- 
ant, clerk. -gTietta, ear. dim. of -ga. 
-g^ino, M. : dim. of -ga; place of illicit 
traffic; lottery, -gona, aug. of -ga. 
-ga««ia, disp. dim. of -ga. 

botti-«ella [botte], dim. of botte; dim.f 
of botta. -eello, dim. of botte. -eimai, 
dim. of botte. 

botti«iiia 2 [bottaj, dim. of botta. 

bot-ti«iiia, dim. of -te. -tigrlia i-te], 
p.: bottle; wine. -tif/Ueref, M.: but- 
ler (steward) ; maker or seller of liquors. 
-tiglieria, P.: wine-cellar ; wines ; wine- 
shop, -tiglina, dim. of -tiglia. -Xiglla- 
na, aug. of -tiglia. 

botti-naio \botte\, M. : well-digger, botti- 
no I , M. : dark pool. 

bottino2 [Fr. butiii\, M.: booty (plunder). 

bot-to [-fa], M. : blow : di — , suddenly ; 
ad v/n — , together. 

botto-naio, M. : maker or seller of but- 
tons, -natnra, F. : buttonholes. -n«el- 
lo, -n«ino, dim. of -tone ; PL. : very 
small earrings. ||bott6-ne \botta, swell- 
ing], M. : button ; bud ; earring, -tonie- 
ra, F. : row of buttons. 

b6 - vo [L. bos], pi. -vi or buoi, M. : ox. 
-vilet,. M. : ox-stall, -vina, F. : dung. 
-Tino, ADJ. : bovine. 

bozza [ak, to OGer. butze, knock], F. : 
rough dressing-stone ; freestone ; rough 
sketch ; swellingf ; foolish story f ; PL. : 

bozLzacc/iio, -zacc/t-ione \borsa], M. : 
withered, swollen plum. 

bozzaeeia, disp. of bozza. 

boz-zagof, -zagrof, M. : buzzard. 

boz-zato t-zu], M. : (mas.) bossage. -zet- 
to, M. : rough sketch or draft. 

bozzima [?], P. : gum-water ; weaver's 
starch ; poor mixture. 

bozzinaf, P. : boiling, cooking. 

bozziningaf, P. : rattlesnake. 

bozzo I [bozza], M. : rough sketch. 

bdzzo2 [ak. to pozzo], M. : pool; rough 
stone, freestone. 

bozzo-laio, M.: dealer in silk-worms, -la- 
re = ibozzolare. -laro, M. : sugar-cake 
seller. ||bdzza-lo [L. bombueius], H. : 
chrysalis (cocoon) ; knot in wool ; lump in 

brage 69 

flour; measure of grain that the miller 
takes as his pay for grinding. -16so, 
ADJ.: knotty, lumpy. -Into, adj.: knotty. 

bra-ca [L.], P. : leg of breeches ; breech- 
cloth (diaper) ; (nav.) stopper, cord used 
on board ship. -c7i.e, PL.: BREECHes; 
small-clothes. -calone, M.: loose- 
breeched fellow (who wears the breeches 
hanging slovenly), sloven : a — or -caloni, 
hanging slovenly; negligently, -care, 
INTR. : be a busybody, -cato, part. : 
grasso — , very fat. 

braccare [braceo'\, TR. : scent (of dogs) ; 
(Jig.) hunt for (aspire to, seek). 

bra««etto [-ccioj, M. : dim. of -ccio: a 
— , arm in arm. 

brac-cTteggiare [-co], TR. : freq, of -ca- 
re, -ch-eggio, M. : scenting (seeking). 
-cfeeriaf, " F. : pack of dogs. -cTietto, 
dim. of bracco. -cfoieref, -c/iierof M. : 
keeper of dogs. 

bra-e-eia, PL. of -cio. -eiainblaf, P. 
=^-ciale. -«iale, M.: armed plate; bar; 
ancient armor for the arm ; bracelet. 
-eialetto, M. : bracelet, -etaute, M. : 
('arm-worker') labourer, -ciaref, TR. = 
abbracciare. -eiata, P. : armful ; em- 
bracef. -«iatella, P. : small armful. 
-«iatellot, M. : kind of cake. -«iatn- 
ra, P.: measure of the arm. -eiere, 
M. : one that gives a lady his arm ; lady's 
escort. -«iuo, pi. -na or -ni, dim. 
and ear. of -cio. \\-eio, pi. -cia (lit. 
sense), or -ci [L. brachium], M. : arm ; 
length-measure (cubit), -eiolo, M. : arm 
of a chair ; baluster, -eione, aug. of 
-cio. -eidtto, aug. of -cio; plump arm. 
-■ciuolot = -eiolo. 

bracco [Ger. bracke], M. : brach (hunting- 
dog) ; police-officer. 

bra«e [? Ger. -sa, flre], M. : live coals ; 

bra-cTie [-ed], F. PL. : see -ea. -ch-etto- 
ne, M. : (arch.) ornament of an arch. 
-c7i.ieraio, M. : truss-maker. ^Tiiere, 
M. : truss, -china,, dim. of -ca. -chi- 
na, M. : busybody ; gossip. 

bra-«iat [-ce], F. : live coals, -eiaiolo, 
M., -«iaidla, P.: maker or seller of coke. 
-«iere, M. : brasier. -eina, P., -«iuo, 
M. : kindling -seller; dirty person; bad 
painter, -eiola,, P. : fry. -eioletta, 
dim. of -eiola. -eiolina, car. dim, of 
-ciola. -€iu61at =^ -eiola. 

bracot, M. : mire, mud. 

bracone, aug. of -ehino. 

brado [h. bravus], adj. : untamed, wild. 

bradipo [Gr. bradupoHs, slow-footed], M.: 
(zool.) sloth. 

bradonef, M. : loose sleeve. 

bradumef, M. : herd of wild cattle. 

braget, F. : live coals. 

70 braghesse 

bra-gA.esset = -ehe. -gft-ierof = -chiere. 
Iirdgiaf, F. : smoldering coals. 
brago [Ger. brack], M. : mire (mud) ; 
bra-ma [?], F. : great desire, -man- 
gieref, M. : appetizing dish, -mare, 
TE., INTB. : desire (wish). 

bramiina [Hindoo], M. : Brahmin. 

bramitof, M. : cry or howl of animals. 

bra-mosameute, ADV. : eagerly, -mo- 
sia, P. : great desire, eagerness, -mo- 
sita = -mosia. ||-m6so Ibrama], adj. : 
desirous (eager). 

bran-ca [L.], F. : claw ; clutch ; branch 
(part of anything, as branch of science, 
etc.) ; pawf. -caref, TR. : clutch, snatch. 
-cata, F. : handful, -catina, dim. of 
-cata. -c7t^ettino, dim. of -cAetto. -cftet- 
to, dim. of -CO. 

brancTiia [Gr.], P. : branchia, gill of 

braii-«icameiito, M. : handling. ||-«i- 
care \_-ca1, TR. : touch, handle, -eica- 
tura, F. : touching ; sign, mark, -ei- 
cone, M. : touch-all ; meddler ; = -co- 
lone'f. -co, M. : herd (flock); assemblage. 
-colare, INTR.: grope along, -colone, 
-ooloui, adv. : gropingly, -cu-eeia, 
dim. of -ca. 

bran-da [?], P. : camp-bed (cot), -del- 
letto, -dellino, dim. oi-dello. -dello, 
M. : tatter ; bit (fragment). 

bran-dire, TR. : brandish; iNTR.f: be 
excited, -ditore, M. : brandisher. -do 
[OGer. brant], M. : brand (sword). 

brandonef, M. : rag ; piece. 

brano [?], M. : piece (bit, esp. of goods). 

brascat, F. : cabbage. 

bra-Ta«eio, M. . disp. of -vo; bully. 
-va««i6ne, disp. aug. of bravaccio. 
-vamente, ADV. : bravely ; resolutely. 
-Tare, TR.,INTR.: brave (defy); threaten. 
-Tata, F. : defying ; severe reproof f. 
-Tatoriof, ADJ. : threatening, -vaz- 
z&ta, P. : boasting, -vazzo t = -vac- 
eio. -Tazzone, M. : bully (swaggerer). 
-Teggiare, INTR., PREQ.: bluster (bully); 
prance (of horses). -Teria, p. : braving ; 
bravery (courage), -viere [?], M. -. yel- 
low-hammer. Il-To [L. -vus], ADJ. : skil- 
ful (expert, excellent: u^ly after the 
noun); brave (courageous); M. : bandit, 
rufSan : alia -va, in a few moments. 
-Tura, P. : bravery ; skill ; fiercenessf. 
-Tnria = -vura. 

br6««ia [OGer. brecha], F. : breach 
(opening in a wall): far — , (Jig.) persuade, 
make an impression. 

brenna [?], F. : jade (worn-out horse). 

brenta [?], F. : bowl (cup). 

br ettof, ADJ. : miserable ; foolish ; sordid. 

bre-Te [L. -vis], ADJ. : BRIEF (short); M. : 


BRIEF ; papal letter ; charm worn around 
the neck (trinket); (mus.) note held two 
beats; statute; ADV.f: briefly; in (fra) 
— , shortly. -Temente, ADV.: briefly 
(shortly). -Tettare, TR.: patent, -vet- 
to, M. : decree; patent. -Tiaref, TR. ; 
abbreviate, -viario, M.: breviary, -vi- 
«ellot, M.: lime-twig. -Tiloquenza, F.: 
brevity (conciseness of speech), -vilo- 
qniof, M. : compendium ; brief discourse. 
-vita, F. : brevity. 

brez-za [? orezzo], F. : cool breeze, -zet- 
ta, -zettina, -zolina, dim, of -za. 
-zone, M. : strong breeze. 

briaf, F. : measure. 

briacTt-ezzaf, F.: trouble (affair); drunk- 

bria-co [uhriaco], ADJ. : drunk, -cone, 
M. : drunkard. 

briccaf, P. : precipice (steep place). 

briccftettof, M. : little mule ; ass. 

bri««i-ca [ak. to brincelld], P. : trifle. 
-care, INTR. : be absorbed in trifles. 

bricco I [Ar.], M. : coffee-pot. 

briccot2, M. : ass. 

briccolaf, P. : catapult. 

bricco -na««io, disp. of -ne. -nata, 
p. : knavishness (roguery). -n«ello, 
dim. and car. of -ne. ||bricc6-ne [?], 
ADJ.: knavish (roguish); M.: knave (rogue). 
-neggiaref, INTR. : be a knave, -neria, 
P.: roguery. 

bri-«iat, F. : crumb of bread, bri- 
«iola, dim. bt -da. -«iolino, dim. of 
-eiolo. bri-eiolo, M. : bit (very small 

brieTcf ^ breve. 

bri-ga [?], F. : trouble ; noisef. -ga- 
diere, M. : non-commissioned officer ; 
brigadier, -gantaggio, M. : brigandage. 
-gante, M. : brigand ; hired soldier ; 
rascal; PART.f: intriguing, -gantello, 
dim. of -gante. -gantino, M. : brigan- 
tine. -gare, INTR.: scheme, intrigue; 
TK. : scheme for. -gata, P. : company 
(troop) ; friends ; flock of birds ; crowdf ; 
familyt; bundlef (mass of things), -ga- 
ta««ia, disp. of -gata. -gatella, 
-gatina, dim. of -gata. -g/iella, M. : 
mask in Italian theatre. 

brigidino [made by nuns of St. Brigida], 
M. :' small cake ; tassel. 

hri-glia. [OGer. brittit], F. : bridle ; PL. : 
reins, -gliaio, M. : maker or seller of 
bridles, -j/lietta, -j/liettina, dim. of 
-glia. -glionB, aug. of -glia. -glibz- 
zof, M. : snaflle (muzzle). 

brigosot, ADJ. : quarrelsome ; difficult ; 

brilla [?], F. : rice-mill. 

bril-lamento, M. : brilliancy. -Ian- 
tare, TR. . cut into facets ; sprinkle 


with sugar, -lante, M. : brilliant ; the 
funny man ; adj. : brilliant. ||-lare [?], 
INTE. : be brilliant (scintillate, shine, 
sparkle). -latoio, M. : rice-sieve, -la- 
tura, F. : cleaning. 

brillo [?], ADJ. : tipsy. 

bri-na [L. pruina], P. : white-frost (rime). 
-nare, INTR. : fall as white frost, -na- 
ta, F. : fall of frost ; frost, -nato, 
ADJ. : frosted, whitened (hair, beard). 

brin-eello [variant of brandello], M. : 
crumb, bit. -dello, M. : piece, rag (of 
clothing). -dellone, u. : ragamuffin 
(slovenly person). 

brin-dare, INTR.: propose a toast. 
Ilbrin-disi [Ger. Ich bring' dir's, 'I 
jjring it to thee'], M. : toast (health); 
poem read at a banquet. 

brinosot, ADJ. : hoary. 

bri-o [?], M. : vivacliy (spirit) ; oouragef. 
-osamente, ADV.: vivaciously, -osetto, 
dim. of -oso. -oso, ADJ. : vivacious (spir- 
ited; frisky); gay. 

brisciamentot, M. : shuddering, shivering. 

bri-scola [? Ger. pritschen, strike], F. : 
trick at cards ; fl. : blows, -scolare, 
TR. : strike, -scolina, -scolino, dim. 
of -scola. 

bri-vidio, M.: continued shivering or chill. 
llbFi-vido [? h.frigidus], M. : shivering. 

brizzola-to [?], ADJ. : speckled, -tura, 
F. : speckled appearance ; checker-work. 

brob-biof, -briof, M. . opprobrium. 

broccai [Gr. prochous, cup], F. : pitcher 
(jar); contents of a jar. 

bp6c-cat2, p. : twig, -oaref i, TR. : urge 

broc - care 1 2 [1. L.], TR. : stitch, -ca- 
tello, M. : brocatel ; variegated marble. 
-catino, dim. of -cato. -cato, M. : bro- 
cade; stockadet; palisadef. 

broc-c^etta [-coi], F., -c/ietto, -chi- 

■ no, M. : small pitcher. 

broccMere [1. L. buccularius], M.: buck- 

broc-co [-ca2], m. : splinter; sproutf. 
broc-colo, M.: broccoli ; blockhead, -co- 
letto, dim. of -colo. -colosof, -coin- 
to, ADJ. : having sprouts. 

bro-da, F. : thin soup ; wish-wash ; miry 
water : dare la — addosso a uno, give a 
person all the blame, -daio, M. : soup- 
seller, -dettato, ADJ. : done in broth. 
-detto, M. : egg-soup; Spartan soup. 
-diccTtio, M. : thin soup ; (fig.) heavy 
dew ; mud. -diglia,, F. : more common- 
ly -diechio. Ubro-do [OGer. brod], M. : 
BROTH (soup) ; (Jig.) insipid composition. 
-dolino, M. : dirty child, -dolone, M. : 
slovenly eater, -doloso, ADJ. : of broth 
(broth-) ; dirtyf (greasy). 

brodonef, M. : sleeve ornament. 



brogto [?], M. : dullard. 

bro-£rUare, intr.: scheme (plot, intrigue); 
be agitatedf. Hbro-jrlfo [? brolo], M. : 
scheme (plot, intrigue); seditionf; tu- 

br611ot, ADJ. : naked ; miserable. 

brolo [Clelt.], M.: garden ; park ; garlandf. 

bro-mo [Gr. bromos, bad smell], M. : bro- 
mine, -muro, M. : bromide. 

bron-c/t^i, PL. : cf. -co. -cjiiale, adj. : 
bronchial, -ehite, F. : bronchitis. 

br6u«io [?], M. : grudge ; anger. 

bron - CO [?], M. : sprout : stem ; trunk : 
-chi, bronchial tubes, -cone, M. : big 

bronto-lare [ak. to Gr. brontdo, sound], 
INTR.: muttor (rumble); grumble, -lio, 
M. : continued muttering, rumbling. J6- 
ne, M. : grumbler. 

bron-zare, TE. : bronze, -zatura, F. : 
bronzing, -ziuo, adj. : bronzed (bronze- 
coloured), -zista, M. : bronze - worker. 
Ilbron-zo [?], M. : bronze ; PL. -. bronze 
works (objects of art). 

broscia, more commonly sbroscia. 

bru-care [-co], TR. : eat off leaves (said 
of worms, sheep, etc.); gather leaves. 
-catore, M. : one that strips off leaves. 
-catdra, F. : stripping off leaves. 

bm-«ente, ADJ. : burning, -etacchia- 
re, freq. of -dare, -eiamento, M. : 
burning; conflagration. -eia=pelo (' burn- 
hair'): (o — ), ADV.: tirare a — , fire at 
close range; prendere a — , suddenly. 
||-«iare [ak. to h. perurere,'huTn up'], 
TR. : burn ; cauterize ; intr. : burn, be 
hot. -«iata, P.: roasted chestnut, -eia- 
taio, M. : seller of roasted chestnuts. 
-eiati-eeio, M. : bits of anything burned. 
-eiatina, car. dim. of -data, -eiatu- 
ra, P. : cauterization. 

bru«io = bruco. 

bru«io ^ brudore. 

bru-eiolatof, ADJ.: worm-eaten. ||bpu- 
«rolot, M. : small worm ; chip (bit)., 

brueiore [-dare], M. : itch, smart. 

bruco [L. -chus\, M. : little worm (grub); 
button-loop ; button-hole. 

brniref, INTR. : rumble (of the bowels). 

brnllazzof, ADJ. : blear-eyed. 

brnli-came, M. : swarm (multitude). 
Il-care \bollicare\,mTR.: swarm, -ohio, 
M. : swarming. 

brul-lamentet, ADV. : miserably. ||-lo 
[?], ADJ. : naked (bare); very poor (miser- 

brnlotto [Fr. -lot {-ler)], M. : fire-ship. 

brumafi, F. : ship-worm. 

brn-ma2 [L., 'fog'], F. : (poet.) winter; 
(fig.) old age. -maio, M. : Brumaire (2d 
month in the first French republic), -ma- 
le, ADJ. . (poet.) brumal, wintry. 



brn-nazzot, ADJ. : slightly brown, -nel- 
lo, ADJ. : brownish, -nelld-e-eio, dim. 
of -no. -nettiuo, car. dim. of -netto. 
-nezza, P. : brownness (swarthiness). 
-nimento, M. : burnishing, -mire, TE. : 
burnish (polish); cleanf. -uitoio, M.: 
burnishing (polishing) tool, -mitore, M. : 
burnisher (polisher), -nitura, P. : bur- 
nishing (polishing). ||-no [OGer. brun], 
ADJ.: BROWN, dusky (poorly lighted; dark); 
M.: brown; mourning, -motto, nozzof, 
dim. of -no. 

lirudlot = brolo. 

brnsca [OGer. brusta], p. : brush for 

bruscamente [-«co], ADV. : brusquely 

bruscaref, TR. : prune (trim). 

brnscTiette [-ea], P. PL. : game of cuts 
played by children. 

bru-scft.6tto, dim. of -sco. -scTtezza, 
p. : brusqueness (rudeness). ||-sco [?], 
ADJ.: brusque (rough, rude, abrupt); harsh; 

brusco-lino, dim. of -scolo. Hbrnsoo- 
lo [sea], M. : mote, particle (in the eye). 

brusio [ak. to bruire], M.: buzz (confused 
murmur); uproar; praise (applause); great 

brnstoiaret, TB. : toast, grill. 

brn-tale, ADJ.: brutal, -talita, P.: bru- 
tality, -talmente, ADV.: brutally. -teg- 
giaref, INTR.: act, live as a beast. ||--£o 
[L. -tus, stupid], M. : brute (beast); adj.: 
without reason, -ttacc hiolo, dim. of -tto. 
-ttae«io, disp. of -tto. -ttamente, 
ADV. : meanly, -ttare, tr. : soil, stain. 
-tterello, ADJ. : rather ugly, -ttezza, 
p. : ugliness, -ttino, dim. of -tto. -tto, 
ADJ.: ugly; disagreeable; gloomy; thought- 
ful, -ttoref, M., -ttnra, P. : ugly thing. 

brnnm [echoic], INTEEJ. : boom (of guns). 

bruzzaglia [?], P. : mass (mob, rabble) ; 

brnz-zico [bar -luzzico, 'twi-light'], 
-zof, bruz-zolo, M. : morning-twilight, 

bua [Sp.], P. : childish word for pain 

ba-a«-ciot, M. : disp. of -e, dunce. H-a-e- 
«idla [bue], P., -a««i61o, M. . dunce. 
-a'e«iolata, P. : foolish acts or words. 
-aggine, -assaggine. P.: stupidity; 
awkwardness (clownishness). 

bubalinot, M. : young buifalo. 

bnbbola i [?], p. : HOOPOE (crested bird). 

bub-bola2 [Gr. bonbon, swelling], p.: 
trifle (nonsense) ; foolish story, -bola- 
re, INTK. : thunder; hum; shiver; TE.f: 
squander one's means, -bolata, p. : 
nonsense, trifle, -boliera, P. ; bridle- 
rein, bdb-bolo, M. : bell (on a horse or 
dog), -bolone, M. : babbler, -bone, M. : 


bubo, -bomico, ADJ.: bubonic, -bulaf 
= bnbbola. 

bu bu [echoic], bow-wow ; noise, cry. 

bubulcaf, P. : acre of land ; kind of 

bd-ca [OGer. bUck = Ger. banch, paunch], 
p.: cave; narrow valley; hollow (pit, hole). 
-eaoc7iiare, freq. of -care, -ca-eeia, 
disp. of -ea. -c4re, TR. : pierce (perfo- 
rate, bore); eefl. : prick one's self. 

buca-taia, P.: washerwoman. -taio,M.: 
washerman, -tino, dim. of -to. ||bnca- 
to [?], M. : BUCKing (washing) ; washing 
(things to be washed), -tdra, P. : bucking 
(washing), -turina, dim. of -tnra. 

bucc?iero [Gr. boHkaros], M. : reddish 
clay (used in making vases); vase (jar); 
dark red colour. 

bd-e-eia [?], P. : bark ; peel (hull) ; skin. 
-«iata, P. : blow from a peeling. 

bii««icata [?], P., as in: non sapere 
una — , know nothing of the matter. 

bu-c-eieret, M. : butcher. 

bd««i - na [L.], P. : trumpet (of the an- 
cients), -maret, INTR.: trumpet; divulge. 

bd-eeino [L. -nnsl, M.: buocinum (whelk). 

bd-ecio [-cia], M. : surface of hides (skin). 

buc-eiolof, M. : reed ; length of a joint. 

bn«ci6sot, ADJ. : having skin. 

bdccola [L. bueula], P. : earring. 

buc-colica [Gr. boukolikos, pastoral], p.: 
bucolic, -colico, adj. : bucolic. 

bu«efalo [Gr. Boukephalos, Alexander's 
horse], M. : (jest.) Bucephalus (charger, 

bu-eellof, M. : young ox. 

bu«en-t6riot, -torof, M. ; bucentaur. 

bucJteramof, M.: buckram (coarse cloth). 

bu - c A.erare f [-co], TR. : make holes, 
pierce. -c7terato, ADj. ; full of holes. 
-cTterella, F. : small hole, -cfcerel- 
lare, TE.: pierce, -c Tterello, M.: small 
hole. -c7t.etta, dim. of -ea. -ch.etto, 
dim. of -CO. -cTiina, dim. of -co. -chi- 
na, dim. of -CO. 

bn-eiaccTiiof, M. : young ox. 

bd-ei, INTEEJ. : hush. [-lica- 
re], INTE., REPL. : stir (move gently). 

ba«inare [bueeind],mTR.: sound abroad, 

bd«ine [?], p. : fishing-net ; partridge-net. 

bn«int6ro [Gr. boukentauros], M. : bu- 
centaur (Venetian state barge). 

bu-co [-ea], u. : hole ; small, dark room. 
-oolina, dim. of -ca. -colino, dim. of 
-CO. -cone, ang. of -eo. -cd«eio, dim. 
and disp. of -eo. 

bu-dellamef, M.: entrails, bowels, -del- 
lino, pi. — ne or — na, dim. of -dello. 
Il-dello [L. botellus, little sausage], M. : 
BOWEL (intestine); us'ly pi. -dellone, 
oa^. of -dello. 


bndrieref, M. : shoulder-belt. 

bn-o [L. bos], pi. -01, M. : ox; (Jig.) 
dunce, -essaf, P. : cow. 

bnfa-la, P. of -lo. -lata, p.: buffalo- 
race (held at Florence) ; poetry written 
for this occasion, -lino, adj. : of buffa- 
loes, buffalo. ||bnfa-lo [Gr. boubalos], 
M. . buffalo (wild ox) ; blockhead, -lo- 
ne, aug. of -lo. 

bu-fare, INTR.: storm and snow, -fera, 
p.: hurricane; hailstorm, -ifa. P.: blastf; 
jestt (trifle) ; hood, cowl, vizor, -ffare, 
INTR. ; blow ; jestf ; banter, -ifettaref, 
INTR. : pant, -ffetto, M. : BUPPBT, light 
slap; ADJ.: pan — , light bread. ||-ffo 
[?], M. : puff (gust of wind, blast) ; adj. : 
curious ; comical ; M. : comic actor or 
singer, -ffonaref, INTR. : play the buf- 
foon, -ffonata, P. : buffoon's trick, 
buffoonry. -ffon«ella, p., -ffon«ello, 
M. : dim. of -ffona and -ffone. Sana., 
p., -ffone, M. : buppoon, jester, -ffo- 
neggiare, INTR.: play the buffoon, -ffo- 
neria, P. : buffoonry. -ffonescameu- 
te, ADV.: as a buffoon, -ffonesco, -fFo- 
nevolet, ADJ. : buffoon. 

bofolot, M. : buffalo. 

bnfoncTiiare := bofonchiare. 

bngia i [ak. to Ger. base, bad], P. : lie 

bngia 2 [Bugia, Algerian city], P.: flat 

'bn-gia«eia [-giai], disp. of -giai. -giar- 
dae«io, disp. of -giardo. -giarda- 
mente, adv. : falsely. -giardello, 
dim. of -giardo. -giarderia, F. : lie. 
-giardino, dim. of '-giardo. -giardo, 
ADJ. : lying (false) ; M. : liar : pero — , 
kind of pear, -giardolo, dim. of -giar- 
do. -giardone, aug. of -giardo. -giet- 
ta, dim. of -gia. 

bn-gigattolo [disp. dim. of -gio], w. : 
small room ; hiding-place. Il-giof, M. : 
hole ; ADJ. : pierced. 

bu-gione [-giai], M. : big liar, -giuc- 
-eia, -gidzza, dim. of -gia. 

bngliaref, INTR. : be agitated ; come to 

bn^liolo [ak. to buiolo], M.: small barrel ; 
tub (bucket). 

bnglione [Fr. bouillon], M. : brothf ; con- 
fused mass. 

bu^linolot = bugliolo. 
• bd-£rna i [?], P. : bossage. -grnato, M. : 

'b&-gnaf2 = -gnola. ll-£rno [?], M.: bee- 
hive ; small, restricted place, liu-srnola, 
P. : straw basket, etc. ; pulpit, -jrno- 
letta, -^nolina, dim. of -gnola. bn- 
gnolo, M.": small basket for fruits, etc. 
-gnolonef, ofug. of -gnolo. 

liniVeiat, M. : slight darkness. 



linina \bue], P. : cow-dung. 

buinof, ADJ. : bovine. 

Im-io [?], ADJ.: dark (obscure); M.: dark- 
ness, obscurity; night; (jest.) lookup. 
-ioret, M. : darkness. 

bnHiofi, ADJ. : austere, morose. 

bul-1>o 2 [L. -bus], M. : bulb ; eye-ball. 
-boso, ADJ. : bulbous. 

bnle-siaf, F., -siof, M. : pastern. 

bnlgaro [Bulgaria], M. : kind of dark 
red leather. 

buli-camef, M. : bubbling springs, source; 
crowd, -caret, INTR. : boil ; bubble up ; 

bulimaf, P. : crowd, throng. 

bnlimof, M. : bulimy (illness which causes 

buli-naret, TR. : engrave, -nista, M. : 
burinist (engraver). ||buli-no [OGer. 
bora, auger], m. : burin (graver) ; engrav- 
er ; engraving. 

b&l-la [L.], P. : neck ornament worn by 
Roman boys ; = bolla^. -letta, p. : 
small nail ; shoe-tack ; upholsterer's nail ; 
passportt; lottery tioketf. -lettaio, M.: 
nail-seller, -lettame, M. : quantity of 
nails, -lettaref, TE.: embellish, strength- 
en with nails, -lettina, dim. of -lelta. 
-lettiuaio, M. : ticket-seller, -lettino, 
M. : bulletin; billetf; permitf (passport); 
theatre ticket, -lettone, M. : large up- 
holsterer's nail (for decorating). 

bulsinof, M. : pursiness ; shortness of 

bum [echoic], M. : boom of cannons. 

bnoi, FL. of ime. 

buonaccdrdof, M. : harpsichord. 

bndu for buono before consonants (exc. s 
impure), -amano = bonamano. -amen- 
te t ^ bonamente. -augnrato t, ADJ. : 
auspicious ; fortunate. -a,=vdglia. = bo- 
navoglia. =datot, adj. : abundant. =f at- 
tof, M. : beneflt. =gnstaiot = bongu- 
staio. ||bu6n-o [L. bonus], adj. : good 
(excellent; kind; docile, strong ; genuine); 
M.: good; advantage: di buon'ora, early: 
far buon visa, give a kind welcome ; lima 
buona volta, at last; essere in buone 
acque, be favourably situated. =6minit 
= bonomini. 

bnrat-tare, TR.: bolt, sift, -tellof, M.: 
sieve, bolter, -tinaio, M. : puppet show- 
man, -tinata, P. : poor dramatic per- 
formance, -tino, adj. : as in birba -Una, 
rabble ; m. : puppet ; puppet-show ; dim.f 
of -to. Ilburat-tof [? ak. to L. burrus, 
red ; red texture], M. : thin goods (bomba- 
zin); sieve, bolter 

burbau-za [?], P. : pride, vanity, -zaref, 
INTR.: boast, -zescof, adj.: proud, -zo- 
samente, ADV. : proudly, -zoso, ADJ. : 
proud, vain, 



lurbe-ra [?], P.: crane for raising 
weights; capstan, -ro, adj.: severe 
(austere); sullen. 

burcMellesco [Burchiello], ADJ. : in the 
style of Burchiello (comic poet). 

bar-ch,ielletto, -cfi-iellino, -ofciello, 
dim. of -chio. || [ak. to rimorchio], 
M. : transport-boat. 
' bare [L. -ris], F. : plough-handle. 

burellaf, F. : prison (dungeon). 

Bur-goj/na, P. : Burgundy. -go£rnese, 
-gogruone, ADJ. : Burgundian. 

bnriauot, M. : kind of wine. 

buriassof, M. . instructor (of tilters) ; 

buricco [\. L. -ricus], M. : ass. 

bur-la [?], P.: deceit (trick); joke. 
-lare, TR. : deceiver ; INTE. : joke (ban- 
ter) ; RBPL. : laugh at. - latoref, M. : 
joker (wag; banterer). -lescamente, 
ADV. : jokingly (banteringly). -lesco, 
ADJ.: burlesque (ludicrous); bantering 
(facetious), -letta, P.: dim. of -la; farce 
(light opera), -levolef, adj. : jesting. 
-lierot, adj.: jesting, facetious, -lo- 
nac-efo, disp. of -lone, -lona, P., -lo- 
ne, M. : joker (wag). 

burof, ADJ. : dark. 

bnrocra-tioo, ADJ. : bureaucratic. H-zia 
[Fr. bureau, Gr. kratein, govern], p. : bu- 

burraio [-rro], M. : butterman. 

bnrra-sca [? borea], p.: hurricane; 
storm ; misfortune. -scTietta, dim. of 
-sea. -scoso, ADJ. : stormy, threatening. 

bur -rate, ADJ.: with butter, buttered. 
II -ro [butirro], M. : butter. 

bnr-roneello, dim. of -ne. ||-r6ne [ak. 
to borro], M. ; deep rr.vine ; precipice. 

barrosof, ADJ. : buttered ; buttery. 

bosaref, TR. : pierce. 

busbac-caref, INTE. : deceive, -cfeeriaf, 
F.: deceit (cheating), -'cof, M. : deceiver. 

bnsberiaf, F. : imposture. 

bus-ca, F. : search ; inquiry : andare in 
{alia) — , go searching at random, -cac- 
cTt-iare, TR. : go in search of. -c=alfa- 
na, F.: miserable nag. ||.care [Sp. -car 
{-co, bush)], TR. : seek or hunt after (of 
dogs) ; (Jig.) win by effort ; hunt up (find, 
get) ; REPL. : procure one's self : — di 
botte, or -earns, get a drubbing. 

buscTierio [?], M. . noise (bustle) ; crowd. 

biiscTiettat = brusehette. 

bn-sciomef, M. : thorny bush; jungle, 
-scot, M. : straw, -scolinof, dim. of -co. 

busec-ci'tia [Lomb. -ca (buzzo), stomach], 
p., baseo-cTiio, M. : intestine ; sausage. 

bnsnaga [Sp. bisnagd], F. : fennel-like 

busof, M. : hole ; ADJ. : pierced ; empty, 


bus-sat,P.: blow(stroke); trouble; sorrow. 
-samentot, M. : beating. H-sare [? L. 
pulsare], INTR. : beat (strike), knock at a 
door, -sata, P.: {jig.) hurt;^ quarrel. 
-satina, dim. of -mto. -satoref, M. : 
beater, knocker, -se, P. PL.: slap; hurt. 

bns-setto, M. : polisher (shoemaker's tool). 
Il-sof [L. buxus], M. : BOX-tree; little box; 
noise, bns-sola, F.: mariner's compass ; 
hand-cart; horse-brush; house-door, bus- 
solot, M.: little box. -solotto, M.: little 

bassonef, M. : BASSOON. 

bn-sta [-xida (L. -xus, BOX-wood)], P.: 
paper-BOX; box (case); envelope, -staia 
[std], p. : maker of stays, -staio, M. : 
maker of stays, -sto, M. : bust ; stays 
(corset); trunkf of the body ; monumentf; 

butir-ro [L. butyrum], M. : butter, -ro- 
so, ADJ. : containing butter ; butyraceous. 

butta=fu6ri, M. : call-boy in a theatre. 
=la, F. : closet, wardrobe. ||butta-re 
[OGer. bozen, knock], TR. . throw ; decry ; 
REFL.: let one's self down ; be discour- 
aged, -ta, P. : sprout, shoot. 

butterato, ADJ. : pock-marked. Ilbat- 
tero I [?], M. : pock-mark. 

buttero 2 [?], M. : cow-boy. 

bntterosof, ADJ. : pock-marked. 

bnzzicare [ak. to bucicare\, INTE. : move, 

buzzi-cTiellot, M. : little noise, -ceftiot, 
M. : whispers. 

buz-zo [OGer. butze\, M. : stomach ; pin- 
cushionf ; adj. : cloudy : e tempo — , it is 
cloudy weather, -zone, M.: aug. of -zo; 
one who has a large stomach. 

buzzurro [?], M. : Swiss who sells roasted 
chestnuts, polenta, etc. 

c «i [L.], M. : c (the letter). 

ca't, for easa, house. 

caba~la [Heb.], P. : cabala (Jewish doc- 
trine) ; cabal (intrigue), -lare, INTE. : 
cabal (plot) ; form wild projects ; circum- 
vent (deceive), -letta, p. : lively melody 
(at the end of a song), -lista, M. : cab- 
alist. -listico, adj. : cabalistic, -lone, 
M. : plotter (meddler). • 

cabina [Eng. cabin], P. : cabin in a ship. 

caca=dubbi, M. : {vulg.) eternal waverer. 
-iola, p.: diarrhoea. =pensidrit, M. : 
suspicious fellow. ||caca-re [L.], iNTE. : 
void (the bowels, CACK). -rella. P.: 
diarrhoea. =s6do, m. : important pre- 
tender; pedant. =stecoM, M. : miser. 
caoa-ta, P.: evacuation, -tolo, M. : 


water-closet, -tnra, p. : excrement of 

insects, oaooa, F. : (child.) excrement. 
caoca-baldole, F. FL. : blandishments, 

cao-cao, -oaos [Mex.], M. : cocoa (palm 
or nut). 

cac-cftiatella, F. : small white loaf. 
Il-ofciof, M. : vine-sprout or shoot, -chio- 
ne, M. : worm of the bee; PL. : flies' eggs. 
-ohionosof, ABJ. : full of worms. 

ca« - €ia, F. : CHASE (hunt, hunting) ; 
game. -«ia = diavoli f, M.: conjurer. 
-«iagi6ne, F.: game (prey). -«iamen- 
tof, M.: chasing away. H-eiare [1. L. cap- 
Hare (L. capere, take)], intb. : chase 
(hunt); spur on; expel; pursuef; repl. : 
intrude one's self. -«iata, P. : hunt 
(pursuit); expulsion, -eiatoia, P.: punch; 
itiver. -eiatora, P. : hunting-coat : al- 
ia — , in the manner of hunters, -eia,- 
tore, M. : hunter (sportsman) ; light- 
armed soldier. -eiatri«e, P. t huntress. 
-eia^Tite, F. : screw-driver. 

oa«€iuoco [?], M. : highly seasoned fish- 

cacco-la [coeca]. P.: dirt in sheep's wool ; 
rheum, -loso, adj. ; rheumy (bleared). 

ca«etto [-cio], M. : small cheese. 

cach.e-rello [caeca], M. : dung (of -Sheep, 
etc.). -roso, ADJ.: awkward; disagreeable. 

ca-c7i.essia [Gr. kach-exia, bad condition], 
p.: (med.) cachexy, -cftettico, M.: suf- 
ferer from cachexy. 

cacMnnof, M. : burst of laughter. 

ca-ei&ia, F. : place for keeping cheese. 
-eiaia, P., -«iaio, M. : cheese-maker. 
-eiaiola, P., — ^lo, M. : cheesemonger. 
=eiinper(i)o, M.: cheese-custard. ||-€io 
[L. -sens], m. : cheese : essere pane e — , 
be very intimate; essere come il — su' mae- 
eheroni, be useful, opportune, -eiola, 
P. : small round cheese. -«ioliiio, M. : 
small fresh cheese, -cioso, ADJ. : case- 
ous, cheesy. 

caco- [Gr. kakos, bad] : -fonia [Gr. pho- 
ne, sound], F. : cacophony (disagreeable 
sound), -fonico, adj. : caoophonic (harsh- 
sounding), -grafia [Gr. grdphein, write], 
P. : cacography (bad spelling). 

cacnmef, M. : summit. 

ca-davere [L. -daver], -daverof, M., 
corpse (cadaver), -davorico, -dave- 
rosof, ADJ. : cadaverous. 

cadanmof, PRON. : every one (each). 

caddi, PBET. of cadere. 

ca-d^nte, PART., ADJ. : cadent (falling) ; 
failingf. -denza, F. : cadence ; pause. 
-deuzato, ADJ.: haviag cadences. ||-dere 
[L. cadere], ier.§ ; intr. : fall. 

§ Pret. cdd-di, -de ; -dero. Fut. cadrd. 
Poet, forms : cig-gi, -giono ; cdggia ; cadti, 



oadetto [L. *capitettus (caput, head)], M.: 
cadet (younger son ; military student) ; 
ADJ. : younger. 

oa-devolef, ADJ.: frail; falling, -dimen- 
tot, M.: fall, -ditoiaf. P.: (fort.) port- 
cullis; loophole, -ditoiot, ADJ.: falling. 

cadmio [Gr. kadmeia], M. : cadmium. 

oadu-c^o [L. -duceus], m.: caducous (wand 
of Mercury, carried also by heralds). 

ca-du«ita, P. : caducity (frailty) ; lapsed 
will or contract, -dnco [L. -ducus], ADJ.: 
caducous ; frail, transitory : mal — , fall- 
ing sickness (epilepsy), -data [-dere], 
p. : fall ; relapse ; mistake, transgression. 
Il-dnto, PART, of cadere. 

caendof, GER. : seeking : andare — , seek 

oaf-fe [Pr. cafl (At.)], m. : coffee (plant, 
berry, or drink); caf6 (coffee -shop). 
-feae«{o, disp. of -fi. -fe=aus [-/e, 
Ger. haus], M. : coffee-house, -feino, 
cor. dim. of -fi. -feista, pi. — sti, M. : 
coffee-drinker, -fettiera, P. : wife of 
a coffee-house keeper; coffee-pot. -fet- 
tiere, M. : coffee-house keeper. 

caf-fetto, dim. of -fo. ||-fo [? capo], M.: 
odd number ; fortune ; ADJ. : odd. 

Caffro, N. : Caffre. 

cafaraf, P. : camphor. 

caggeutet, ADJ. : falling. 

ca-gionamentot, M. : cause, -giona- 
rej TR. : cause (occasion), -gionatore, 
M. : causer. -gion-cella,' P. : slight 
cause. Il-gioue [pccasione], F. : OCCA- 
SION (cause', reason), -gionevole [who 
gets sick from slight 'oaiise'], ADJ.: weak 
(sickly), -gionoso, ADJ.: sickly (infirm) 

caglia, SUBJ. of calere. 

ca-i/liare, INTR. : curdle (coagulate) 
quaiif. Il-fflio [L. eoagulum], M.: rennet, 

ca-j/na \L. -nia (-mis, dog)], P.: bitch 
low woman. -gnA-e-eio, -j/na-e-cia. 
disp. of -ne. -^naia, -gaara, P.: bark- 
ing of a pack of dogs; (fig.) uproar. 
-gnazzof, M. : big ugly dog ; ADJ. : dog- 
like, ugly ; violet - coloured, -gnesoa- 
mente, ADV. : surlily, threateningly, 
-g-aeaeo, ADJ. : doggish : guardare 
(stare) in — , look at angrily, -gnetto, 
dim. of -ne. -gnina-f. P., -pninof, M. : 
little dog. -gnfila, dim. of -gna. -gno- 
letto, -gnolina, -frnolino, dim. of 
-gna, -ne. ~-g-n.btto, M.: hireling ('serving 
dog'), tool ; hired bully. 

caicco [Turk.], M. : caique. 

caimano [Garib.], M.: cayman (alligator). 

Ca-ina, P. : place in the last circle of 
Dante's Inferno. Il-ino, m. : Cain ; trai- 

cala [-lare], P. : bay, cove. 

calabrache [?], M., INVAR.: game of 
cards (between two). 



calabre-se [Calabria], M. : pointed felt 
hat. -sella [?], F. : game of cards (one 
against two), -sellista, pi. ■ — sH, M. : 
skilful player of -sella. 

calalirdue \h. crabronis], M. : hornet 

cala-faof, M. : calker. ||-fat£re [Ar.], 
TE. : calk, -fato, M. : calker. 

cala-maiata, F. : blow with an inkstand. 
-maietto, -maino, dim. of -maio. 
Il-maio [L. -marium {-mus, reed)], M. : 
Inkstand; ink-fish. -inaiu««io, disp. 
dim. of -maio. -mandreaf, F. : ger- 
mander (plant), -maretto, M. : little 
ink-fish, -maro = -maio. 

calamentof, M. : going down. 

calamistro [-mo], M. : curling iron. 

calamita [L. -tas], F. : calamity (mis- 

calami-ta [? calamo, reed; ref. to the 
pivot of the needle], F. : loadstone (mag- 
net) ; magnet needle (of a compass). 
-tare, TR. : magnetize, -tazione, F. : 

calami-tosameute, ADV. : disastrously. 
Il-toso [-td], ADJ. : calamitous (wretched). 

oalamo [L. -mus], M. : cane (reed). 

calandra [Gr.], F. : woodlark. 

calandrino [character in Boccaccio], 
M. : simpleton. 

calandro [cf. -dra], M. : mooking-lark. 

calappio [OGei. klappa],M.: snare; C^^.) 

oala-pranzi [-re, pranzo], M., INVAR.: 
dumb-waiter, cala-re [Gr. chalan, 
slacken], tr. : lower ; intr. : decrease ; go 
down (in price), cala-ta, F.: going down, 
fall ; declivity, -tina, F. : lowering of 
the voice. 

calbigf a [?], P. : kind of fine grain. 

cal-ca [-care], F. : crowd, multitude, -ca- 
liile, ADJ. : that may be trodden under 
foot. -ca=f6gll, M.: paper-weight, -ca- 
gniao, u. : heel (of a shoe, etc.). -caguo, 
pi. -cagni or -cagna [L. -neum], M. : heel. 
-ca=lettere, M. : paper-weight, -mento, 
M.: trampling. ||-capei [L. (calx, heel)], 
TE. : trample (tread upon) ; oppress. 

cal-care2 [-cei], M. : calcite (carbonate 
of lime), -careo, -cariof, adj. : cal- 

oalca-ta [-re], F. : trampling ; highwayf. 
-tamentef, ADV. : closely, -toio, M. : 
copying instruments; gun sponge; charger 
for loading cannons, -toref = -toio. 

calcatri«et, F. : cockatrice (fabled ser- 

calcatura [-care],¥.: trampling, crushing. 

cal-ee i [L. calx], F. : lime, chalk. 

o41«e2 [L. calx, heel], m. : now only in 
in — , at the foot of the page ; butt-endf 
(of a lance, gun, etc.). 


cal-eedonio [Kalkedon, Ghalcedon], M.; 

cal«eset, M. : (jiav.) topmast. 

cal«estruzzo [? calcei, L. struetus, 
piled up], M. : cement, mortar. 

cal-«etto [-CC2, heel], M. : low shoe, 
pump ; cloth shoet- -eiantef, M. : foot- 
ball player, -eicaref, TE. : trample 

cal«i-iia [ak. to ealce i], P : lime ; mor 
tar. -nabile, adj. : calcinable. -nae- 
■eio, M. : rubbish (in old walls); broken 
bricks, -naio, M. : lime pit ; lime-trough. 
-uare, TE. : calcine, pulverize ; scatter 
lime (to fertilize land); eepl: become 
lime, -natoriof, ADJ. : pertaining to 
calcination, -natnra, F. : calcination. 
-nazione, P.: calcinating, -nosita, F..- 
liminess. -noso, adj.: of lime ; like lime. 

cal«io [L. calx, HEEL], M. : kick ; butt- 
end of a gun ; staff of a lance ; game at 

cal-eisti'azzo [ealce], M. : mortar. 

cal«i-tr4re [L. (calx, heel)], intr. : kick 
(calcitrate). -trazionef, P. : kicking, 
(fig.) resistance, -trosof, adj.: kicking. 

caloo [-care], M. : counter-drawing ; light 

cal-c«graKa, P. : calcography (engrav- 
ing in brass) ; calcographical studio. 
-cografico, ADJ. : calcographical. ||-c6- 
grafo [Gr. chalkos, copper, grdphein, 
write], M. : calcographer (engraver in cop- 
per or brass); printer or seller of prints. 

calcola [-care], P. : weaver's treadle. 

calco-labile, ADJ. : calculable, -lare, 
TE. : calculate ; suppose (think) ; INTR. : 
compute by calculus, -latere, M. : cal- 
culator. -lazi6net,F. : calculation, -let- 
-to, dim:, of -lo. ||calco-lo [L. cal- 
culus, 'pebble,' used in reckoning], M. : 
calculation ; stone in the bladder, -losof, 
ADJ. : calculous (stony), caloo-saf, F. : 
street (road). 

calcal. .if = calcol. . 

cal-daf i-do], P.: heating, -daia [L. -da- 
ria] , F. : caldron ; kettle ; boiler, -daiot, 
M.: kettle; boiler, -daiata. P.: kettle- 
ful. -daietta, dim. of -da. -daino, M.: 
brasier (warming-pan), -daiona, -daio- 
ne, aug. of -daia, -daio. -dainoiat, din. 
of -daia. -damente, adv. : warmly, 
vehemently (used only in fig. sense), -da- 
na, P.. burning in the face or head; 
warm room where bread may rise; heat 
of summer t; pleurisy f. -dauino, M.; 
small brasier. -dano, M.: brasier. -da- 
nue«to, disp. dim. of -dano. -darof 
= -daia. -deggiare, TE.: favour, -de- 
raio, M. : brasier. 

oalde-rellot, ll-rino [cardellino], M.: 


aalderonef, M. : large kettle. 

calde - rottino, M. : small tea-kettle. 
Il-Totto [ealdaro], u. : small kettle ; tea- 

calderugtot, M. : goldfinch. 

oal-deraolat, F. : small kettle or boiler. 
-detto, ADJ. : rather warm, -dezzaf, 
F. : heat ; passion. -die«iudlot, M. : 
slight heat, -dinof, M. : sunny spot, 
(l-do [L. -idus], ADJ. : warm, hot ; M. : 
heat, -dn-e^iino, car. dim. of -duccio. 
-dn-eeio, dim. of -do. -dura, p.: heat, 
heat of summer. 

oa-le [3. Sing, of -lere] : it imports : avere 
in non — , pay no heed to. 

calefa-«{eiitet, -ttivof, ADJ. : calefa- 
cient, heating, -zionef, F. : calef action. 

caleidosoopio [Gr. kal6s, beautiful, sko- 
pein, see], M. : kaleidoscope. 

ca-lSn for -lende. -lendario, -len- 
darof, M. : calendar. ||-Ieude [L. -la- 
re, call], F. FL. : calends, -lendinag- 
gio, M. : Florentine festival. May 1. 

calendnlat, F. : calendula (marigold). 

calenzolo [?], M. : greenfinch. 

calepino [author Calepiai], M. : first Latin 
dictionary ; big volume. 

caleret, defect. § ; intr. : care, be con- 
cerned for : non me ne cale, I don't care 
about it. 

§ Ind. : Pres. cdle ; (poet.) Impf. caliva. 
Pret. cdlse. Subj. ; Pres. c&glia. Impf. ca- 
Usse. Ger. caU?tdo. Part, caluto. 



oales - saliile, ADJ. : passable for car- 
riages. -sa««io, dis'p. of -se. -sante, 
M.: driver, -sata, F.: calashful. Hcales- 
se [Bohem.], M. : calash (light carriage). 
-sina, -sino, d,im. of -se. cales-so, 
M. : calash. 

calestro = galestro. 

calettaf, F. : slice, bit. 

calet-tare [?], TK. : join closely (close 
up) ; adjust. 

calia [-lare], P. : gold or silver filings ; 
rubbish ; tiresomeness. 

ca-libef, M. : (med.) steel. 

cali-brare, TE. : calibrate (find calibre 
of) ; proportion. -Iiratoio, M. : calibre 
compasses, cali-liro [Ar.], M. : calibre; 
instrument for measuring the bore of a 
cannon ; (fig.) quality (character). 

cali-ee [L. -x], M. : chalice (communion 
cup ; cup ; calix). -eetto, -«ino, dim. 
of -ce. -eione, M. : large cup ; kind of 

calico [city Calicut], M. : calico. 

oaliditaf, P. : calidity, heat. 

ca-lifFato, M. : caliphate. ||-liffo [Ar.], 
M. : caliph. 

oa-Iigaref, INTR. : become dark. II -li- 
gine [L. -ligo], P. : mist (fog) ; darkness. 
-li^ndso, ADJ. : dark (caliginous). 

cal-laf, P.: field-path. -laia, P.i path; 
openingt; sluicef. -lai(u)61at, p.: snare 
for rabbits. ||-le [L. -lis}, M. : (poet.) 
path, by-way. 

calli-ditaf. P.: cunning, calli-dot, 
ADJ. : crafty (callid). 

calli-grafiLa, P.: calligraphy, -grafi- 
co, ADJ. : calligraphic. ||calli-grafo 
[Gr. kalos, beautiful, grdphein, write], M.: 

cal-lista, M. : chiropodist (remover of 
corns, etc.). ||-lo [L. -lum], M. : callosity, 

callone [ealla], M. : sluice, lock (in ca- 

oal-losita, P. : callosity. ||-16so [-loj, 
ADJ. : callous. 

callotta [Callott, Italian painter], M. : as 
mfigura del — , grotesque person. 

cal-ma [Gr. kauma, heat], P. : calm (at 
sea) ; tranquillity, -mamte, M. : anodyne 
(soothing medicine), -mare, tr. : calm, 
quiet ; repl. : become calm, -moi, adj. : 

calmof 2, M. : twig, graft. 

calo [-tare], M. : diminution, descent. 

caloffnaf, P. : calumny. 

calomela-mo [Gr. kalos, beautiful, ml- 
las, black], -'nos, M. : calomel. 

calouaco = canonico. 

ca-16re [L. -lor], M. : heat ; (fig.) enthu- 
siasm, -loria, P. : improving land (by 
manuring or rotation of crops), -lorico, 
M. : caloric, principle of heat, -lorifero, 
M. : heater, furnace, -lorificof, ADJ. : 
calorific, heating, -lorino, M. : slight 
heat, -lorosamente, ADV. : ardently. 
-lorosita, P. : beat, -loroso, ADJ. : 
hot ; fiery. -loru€-eio, m. : slight heat. 

caloscia [Fr.], P.: galoshe (overshoe). 

caloscfot, ADJ. : weak, feeble. 

cal-pestamentot, M. : trampling upon. 
jl-pestare [-ce, pestare], TE. : trample 
upon, -pestatore, M., -pestatri«e, 
P. : trampler. -pestio, M. : stamping. 

calte-riref, TE. : injure, -rituraf, P. : 

calncof, ADJ. : miserable, frail. 

calugginef, P. : down (of birds). 

calumaret, TR. : (nav.) let out the rope, 

calnn-nia [L. calumnia], p.: calumny 
(slander). -iiiare,TR.: calumniate (slan- 
der), -uiatore, M., -niatri«e, P. : 
calumniator, -niazionet, P. : calumny. 
-niosamente, ADV.: slanderously, -nio- 
so, ADJ. : calumnious. 

calvaref, TR. : make bald. 

calvellot, ADJ. : fine (said of grains). 

calvezza [-vo], P. : baldness. 

calvi - nismo [Calvin], M. : Calvinism. 
-nista, M.: Calvinist; (jest.) bald person. 



oal-vizie, F. : baldness. ||cal-To [L. 

-vus], ADJ. : bald. 

cal-za [L. -eea (cf . -cioy], F. : stocking ; 
strainer ; blow-pipe : di — disfatta, very 
thin or weak ; tagliare le -ze a, speak ill 
of ; tirar su le -ze a, worm out a secret 
from, -za-eeia, disp. of -za. -zai(u)6- 
lof, M.: hosier, -zamento, M., pi. — ti 
and — ta: shoes and stockings, -zante, 
ADJ. : {jig^ neat, suitable, -zare, tr. : 
put shoes, gloves, etc., on, put or fit on ; 
EEFL. : put or fit on (shoes, gloves, etc.) ; 
INTR. : fit smoothly, look well ; M. : shoes 
and stockings, -zatoia, F. : prop ; shoe- 
horn, -zatoiof, M. : shoe-horn, -zatu- 
ra, p. : covering for the feet ; shoes and 
stockings, -zeronef, M. : coarse stock- 
ings, -zerdtto, M.: half -hose, -zetta, 
dim. of -za. -zettaia, F., -zettaio, M.: 
hosier, -zino, M. : half-hose, sock, -zo- 
laio, M. : shoemaker, -zolaiu-e-eio, M.: 
poor shoemaker, -zoleria, F. : shoe- 
maker's shop. -zoiia,««i, disp. of -zoni. 
-zoneini, car. dim. of -zoni. -zon- 
«i6ni, aug. of -zoni. -zone, us'ly in 
pi. -zoni, M. : breeches. -zonu-e-ei, 
disp. of -zoni. -znolo t, M. : wedge, 
prop ; ferrule. 

cama^rlio \cap{o), head, maglia, armour], 
M. : CAMAIL (neck-armor). 

camaleon-te [Gr. chamai, on the ground, 
lean, lion], M. : chameleon (lizard with 
shifting colour); (Jig.) one who has no col- 
our in his politics, -teo, adj. : pertain- 
ing to the chameleon, -tessa, F.: female 
of the chameleon. 

camangiaref, M. : esculent herbs. 

camarlin-ga, F. : convent-matron ; lady 
in waitingf. -gato, M. : office of cham- 
berlain. -g7t.eria, P. : ofiice of chamber- 
lain, -'go [Ger. kammerling (hammer, 
CHAMBER)], M. : CHAMBERLAIN ; treasurer, 

camato, us'ly seamato. 

camauro [?], M. : Pope's cap. 

Gambellotto = cammellotto. 

cam-biale, F.: bill of exchange, -bia- 
letta, -bialina, -bialue«ta, dim. of 
-le. -biamento, M. : change. -bia= 
monete, M. : money-changer. ||.biare 
[1. L.], INTR. : CHANGE (transform) ; tr. : 
exchange ; refl. : change colour, -bia- 
rio, ADJ.: of exchange (cambial). -bia- 
tore, M. : banker. -biaturaf, F. : 
change, -bia = valnte, M. : money- 
changer, cam-bio, M.: exchange: libera 
— , free trade, -bista, M.: banker (cam- 

cam-braiaf, F. : cambric. ||-bri (Cam- 
brai, where made], M. : cambric. 

oamelia [Jesuit Camelli], F. : camellia. 

came-ra [L., vault], F. : chamber (bed- 


room); chamber (of commerce), etc. -ra- 
le, ADJ. : of a chamber (deliberative 
body), -rata I, pi. — ti,M.: comrade (com- 
panion), -rata 2, F. : division (of stu- 
dents in a school); dormitory (for each 
division), -rella, F. : dim. oi -ra; cell 
containing the seed of grain, -riera, 
F. : lady's maid, -rieraceia, disp. of 
-riera. -riere, M. : valet, gentlemarfs 
servant; prelate's title, -rierina, car. 
dim. of -riere. -rina, F.: small, pleasant 
room, -rino, M. : dressing-room in a 
theatre, -rista, F. : maid of honour. 
-rona, aug. of -ra. -rone, M. : very large 
room; disp.: large uncomfortable room. 
-rottof = -retta. -ru€«ia, -ruzzaf, 
disp. dim. of -ra. 

ca-ini«e [1. L. -misia, cf. Eng.f camis], 
M. : alb (priest's garment). -mi«etta, 
dim. of -micia. -nii«ia, F.: shirt, smock. 
-nii«ia««ia, disp. ol -micia. -mi«iata, 
F.: profuse perspiration (as causing change 
of 'shirt'); night-attack (by soldiers in 
white shirts, Eng.f camisade). -mi«ina, 
P. : child's shirt, -micino, M. : smock, 
chemise. -mi«idla, P. : flannel waist- 
coat. -mi«iolaia, p., -mi«iolaio, M.: 
waistcoat seller, -miciolina, dim. of 
-mieiola. -mieiolone, M. : heavy waist- 
coat, -mi-cione, M. : coarse shirt, -mi- 
-eidtto, M. : blouse. -nii«£u61at, f • '■ 
flannel waistcoat, -misc-ia f, p. : shirt. 

camin. . = cammin. . 

cammeista [cammeo], w. : engraver of 

cammellinof, M. : camlet. 

cammello [Gr. kdmelos], M. : camel. 

camme-lloto [1. L. camelotum, camel's 
hair], M. : camlet (a fabric), -lopardof, 
M. : camelopard. 

cammeo [1. L. camABUs], M. : cameo. 

cammi - nabile, ADJ. : fit for travel. 
Il-nare [Celt., ak. to Fr. chemin, road], 
INTR. : walk ; travel ; M. : walking ; gait. 
-nata, p. : walk ; hallf. -natora, F., 
-natore, M. : walker (pedestrian, ram- 
bler); traveller, -natura, p.: walk, 

cammi-netto, M.: small fire-place (grate, 
Eng.f chimney), -niera, p.: fire-screen; 
mantel-mirror, cammi- no i [Gr. Mmi- 
nos\, M. : hearth (fire-place) ; chimney. 

cammino 2 [-raarc], M. : walk, road. 

camof , M. : rein ; bridle. 

camomilla [Gr. chamai-melon, earth-ap- 
ple], p. : camomile. 

ca-morra, p.: name of a secret (self- 
seeking) Ital. society, -morrista, M. : 
schemer. ||-m6rro [Sp. cAamorro, bald], 
M. : weak, languid person ; bore. 

camo-sciaref, TR. : dress chamois leath- 
er, -sciaturaf , F. : dressing chamois 


leather, -soinof, adj. : of chamois 
leather ||cam6-scioi [?], M. : chamois ; 
chamois leather. 

camoseiot^, ADJ.: flat-nosed (Eng.f CAM- 

camozza [-moscio i], F. : female of the 

oampacc7t.ia.ret, intr. : live in want, be 

oam-pagna [-po], P. : open country or 
fieW, country, campaign, campagna). -pa- 
£rn(u)61o, ADJ.: of the country, country-, 
(rustic) ; m. . countryman, -paiuolof, 
ADJ.: rural, -pale, ADJ.: in the field; 
(fig.) fatiguing: hattaglia — , pitched 
battle ; giornata — , fatiguing day. -pa- 
mento \_-pare 2], m. : provisions. 

campa - na [Campania (where first 
made?)], f. : bell (church-bell); glass- 
shade (to protect from dust) ; alembic : 
avere le -ne grosse, be hard of hearing ; 
far la — tutta d' un pezzo, do a thing 
without interruption. -iia««ia, disp. of 
-BO. -iia€«io, M. : cow-bell (ram's bell, 
etc.). -naio, -marof, M. : bell-ringer. 
-nella, F. : little bell ; campanula (bell- 
flower); door-bell; door-clapper (in form 
of a ring); nose-ring (of animals); ear- 
ring, -nellina, dim. of -nella. -nel- 
lino, dim. of -nello. -nello, M. : hand- 
bell ; little bell. -iiila«€io, disp. of 
-nile. -nile, M.: campanile (bell-tower); 
belfry : idee di — , intense love of one's 
town or neighbourhood, -niletto, -ni- 
lino, dim. of -nile. -uilista, M. : love 
of one's own town, -nina, F.: small bell. 
-nino = -naccio. -none, M. : big bell. 

cam-pare i [-po], TR. : us'ly scampare, 
save; intr.: escape. ||-pare2 [-po], 
INTR. : live (more pop. than vivere) ; TR. : 
nourish (maintain) ; (paint.) paint the 
ground of; sculpture in relief, -peg- 
giameuto, M. : encampment ; camp. 
-peggiare, INTR.: encamp; set off in 
relief; besiegef. 

campeggio [Campeche], u. : Campeachy 
wood, Idgfwood. 

cam-pereeeiof, ADJ. : rural, -perel- 
lo, M.: small field. ||-pestre [-po], ADJ.: 
campestral, rustic, -pettino, -petto, 
dim. of -po. -piccftiare, INTE. : live in 
want. -pi«ello, M. : small field. 

campigfana [?], P. : very large brick. 

cam-pibf, ADJ. : of the country, -pio- 
nario, M. : sample-book, -pioncino, 
M. : small sample, -pione, M. : cham- 
pion; sample; registry-book; ledger; 
rule, model, -piref, TR. : (paint.) paint 
the groimd of. -pitellof, M. : small field. 
Il-po [L. -pus], M. : field (plain); (fig.) 
freedom ; camp ; field of battle ; field of a 
shield ; ground of a picture, -poraiolo, 



M. : farmer on shares. -pore«eio, ADJ. : 
of the country. -po=samto, M. : ceme- 
tery; devastated place, -pucc/tiare, 
INTR. : be poor. -pue«io, M. : small 

camuffare [eapo muffare], TR., Rbpl. : 
muffle up (mask, disguise); cheatf. 

camusot, ADJ. : oamous (flat-nosed). 

ca-na€«io, M.: big ugly dog. W-naglia, 
[-ne], P. : canaille (rabble), -uagrliae- 
eia., disp. of -naglia. -na£r|iata, F. : 
act of the rabble, -na^/liesco, adj. : 
pertaining to the rabble, -uaglinme, 
M. : rabble ; gathering place of the rabble. 
-naio, M. : keeper of dogs. -nai(n)61o, 
M. : kind of sweet grape. 

cana-le [L. -lis], M. : canal ; channel ; 
irrigating-ditch. -letto, -lino, dim. of 
-le. -ld«eio, M. : little canal, gutter. 

cana-pa [L. cannabis], P. : hemp, -paia, 
p. : hemp-field, -paio, M. : dresser and 
"seller of hemp, -palef, M. : rope, halter. 
cana-pef, M. : hemp-rope. 

cana-pe [Pr. ; ak. to Eng. canopy], u. : 
sofa, -peino, M. : small sofa. 

canapetto [-po], M. : small rope. 

canapi^liaf, P. : kind of wild duck. 

cana-pino, ADJ. : hempen ; M. : hemp- 
dresser. ||cana-po [-pa], M. : big rope, 
cable. -pn««iat, F. : hemp-seed, -pule, 
M. : stalk of hemp. 

canari-ua, P. [Canarie], -no, M. : ca- 
nary-bird; singer with a small voice; 
adj. : yellow. 

cana-ta [cane], F. : reproof, -tteriat, 
p. : pack of dogs, -ttieref, M. : dog- 

canavae«io = canovaccio. 

cancan [Pr.], M. : cancan (vulgar French 

can«el-la'bile, ADJ. : that can be can- 
celled, -lamentof, M. : cancelling. 
-lare, TR. : cancel (erase), -lata, p. : 
railing (rail-fence), -latina, dim. of 
-lata, -lato, part., m. : railing (rail- 
fence), -latore, M., -latri«e, P. : 
canceller. -latura, -lazionef, F. . 
cancelling (erasure), -leresco, adj. : 
belonging to chancery, -leria, P. : chan- 
cery; chancellor's residence, -liera, 
F. : chancellor's wife. -lierato, M. : 
chancellorship, -liere, M. : registrar, 
chancellor. -lino, M. : small lattice. 
||can«el-lo [L. -lus (dim. of cancer, 
lattice)], M. : cancel, enclosure, lattice, 

can-«er6so, ADJ. : cancerous, -chori- 
no, M.: small canker. ||can-c7t.ero [L. 
-cer, crab], m. : cancer (us'ly -cro) ; (fig.) 
evil (trouble), plague ; wretch ; intbiu. : 
misery ! fudge ! -cTierone, M. : big 
canker, -cTieroso, ADJ. : cancerous. 

80 cancrena 

oan-crena [Gt.gdngraina (grain-, gnaw)], 
F. . GANGRENE, -crenare, INTE., EEFL. : 
gangrene, -crenoso, adj. : gangrenous. 

cancro [L. -cer, crab], M. : cancer (ulcera- 
tion ; sign of the zodiac). 

cande-la [L. {-re, be white)], P. : candle. 
-labro, M. : chandelier, -laia, -lara, 
p.: Candlemas, -letta, P.: small candle; 
(med.) bougie, -(l)liere, M. : candle- 
stick, candelabrum, -lona, p., -lone, 
M.: large candle, -lora, P.: Candlemas. 
-lotto, M. ; thick, short candle, can- 
de-ntef, ADJ. : shining, candent. 

candi-damente, ADV. : candidly, -da- 
mento, M. : whiteness, -dato, ADJ.f : 
attired in white ; M. : candidate (Rom. 
candidates dressed in white), -dezza, 
p. : whiteness, -dissimo, ADJ. : very 
white. Ilcandi-do [L. -dus}, ADJ. : 
white, pure ; ingenuous (sincere), -fi- 
caref, TR. : make very hot. 

can-dire [Turk.], TR. : candy, preserve. 
-dito, PART. : candied ; M. PL. : sweet- 

can-dot, ADJ.: white. ||-d6re [L. -dor], 
M. : whiteness ; purity, simplicity. 

ca-ne [L. -nis], • M. : dog ; low person 
(rascal) ; dentist's key ; cock of a gun ; 
dog-star (Sirius); -nea, P.: barking of a 
pack of dogs. 

cane-foFa [Gr. phoros, bearer], p. : girl 
who brought baskets of flowers, etc., to 
Pallas, cane-stra [L. canistra (Gr. 
kdneon, basket)], P. : small willow basket; 
light carriage. -stra«eia, -stra««io, 
disp. of -stro. -strata, p. : basketful. 
-strina, -strino, dim. of -stra, -stro. 
cane-stro, M.: basket (pannier), -strne- 
■eio, disp. dim. of -stro. 

canetto [cane], M. : small dog. 

canfo-ra [Ar.], p. : camphor, -rato, 
ADJ. : camphorated. 

can-giabile, ADJ. : changeable, -gia- 
mento, M. : change, -giaute, adj. : 
changing; changeable "(of colours). 
Il-giare Icambiare], tr. : change (ex- 
change); REPL. : change one's mind. 
can-gio = -giante. 

cangrenaf, P. : gangrene. 

ca-ni««iata, P.: batch. ||-ni««io 
[-TiTia], M.: bed of reeds or pipes ; drying- 
bed (for chestnuts). 

ca-nieidio, M. : killing of dogs. ||-ni- 
cola [-Tie], P. : Canicula (dog-star); dog- 
days, -uicolare, ADJ. : canicular, -ni- 
culaf, P. : dog-star. 

canidof, ADJ. : white ; candid. 

ca-nile [-ne], M. : KENNEL ; miserable 
room or bed. -nina, p.: small bitch. 
-nina,mente, ADV. : like a dog. -nine, 
car. dim. of cane; adj. : canine. 

cauizie [L. -nities], p.: white hairs of age. 


canizza [-ne], P. : bay (of dogs). 

can-na [L.], P. : cane, reed ; stick (staff); 
pipe (tube); barrel of a gun; measure of 
length, -naiot, M. : weaver's drawer; 
reed basket for grains, -namolef, P., 
M. : sugar-cane, -nata, P. : blow with 
a cane, -neggiare, tk. : measure with 
a rod, survey! ' -noggiatore, M. : sur- 
veyor's assistant, '-iiella, P. : small 
waterpipe (conduit); tube; faucet; bad 
practice; cinnamon, -nellatof, ADJ.: 
cinnamon- ; seasoned with cinnamon. 
-nelletta, dim. of -nella. -nellet- 
to, -nellino, dim. of -nello. -nellina 
= -nelletta. -nello, M. : joint of cane ; 
weaver's reel ; small tube, syphon, -nel- 
lone, aug. of -nello. -neto, M. : place 
full of reeds, -netta, dim. of -na. 

cannibale [-ba, Caribbean word], M. : 

canni'e«i. . = canicci. . 

can-nonata, P. : cannon-shot ; idle story. 
-non«ellot, -non«ino, M. : small can- 
non. Il-none [-na],M.: big cane or tube ; 
cannon, -noneggiamento, M.: cannon- 
ading, -noneggiare, TR. : cannonade. 
-uoniera, P.: embrasure; porthole; gun- 
boat; ADJ.: of a gunboat, -noniere, M.: 
cannoneer, gunner, -nosof, ADJ.: reedy. 
-nd«cia, disp. dim. of -na. 

canuntigrlta = canutiglia. 

canot, ADJ. : gray-haired. 

canoaf, P. : canoe. 

ca-uocc7tiale [canna occhiale], M. : tel- 
escope. -noccMof, M. : vine-prop. 

canonei [cane], M. : big dog. 

ca-none2 [Gr. kanon, rod, rule (kdne, 
reed)], M. : canon (church law) ; land-rent ; 
PL. : catalogue of Greek classics (by Alex- 
andrian grammarians). -nonica, P.: 
priest's residence. -nonicale, adj.: 
canonical, -nonicamente, ADV.: ca- 
nonically. -nouicato, M.: canonry. -no- 
nic7tessa, P. : canoness. -noni«ita, 
P. : canonicalness. -nonico, adj. : ca- 
nonical ; M. : canon (member of a cathe- 

_ dral chapter), -nonista, M. : canonist. 
-nonizzare, TE. : canonize ; authorize. 
-nonizzazione, P. : canonization. 

canopef, M. : sofa. 

ca,n6ro [L. -rus (-ere, sing)], adj. : melo- 
dious (canorous). 

canosc. . f = conosc. • 

ca-uottiere, M. : canoe-man. ||-n6tto 
[Sp. canoa (Carib.)], M. : canoe. 

canova [L. -naba, hut], p. : wine-shop ; 

canovae«io [-napa], M. : rough cloth for 
dusting or polishing, dusting-rag; em- 
broidery-cloth ; CANVAS. 

cano-iraia, p. [-va], -vaio, M. : store- 
keeper in a convent. 



oan-sare [L. campsare], tr. : remove, set 
aside, -satoiaf, P., -satoiof, M. : ref- 
uge (shelter). 

can-tabile [-tare], adj. : that may be 
sung ; M. : cantibile (passage in music). 
-tacoMaret, TR. : sing low (hum). -ta= 
favola, F. : idle story, -tafera [vari- 
ant of tento/ero], F.: tiresome song, -taio- 
lo, ADJ. : singing (of birds) ; m. : decoy- 
bird. -tain='baiica, F., -tambanco, 
M. : mountebank (humbug), -tante, M., 
F.: singer. H-tare [L.],intr.: sing; cele- 
brate (praise) ; tr. : sing ; M.f : song. 

cantaride, F. = canter ella. 

cantaro [Gr. -tharos, cup], M. : cantaro 
(anc. weight). 

oanta^storie [-re], M., INVAR. : singing 
beggar, canta-ta, F.: cantata, -tore, 
M. : cantor (singer). 

oanterella [Gr. kantharis, beetle], P. : 
cantharis (blister-fly). 

canterellare [-iare], intr. . sing low, 
hum; warble. 

canterellof [-iero], M.: small vase; tinsel. 

canterino [-tare], adj.. singing'; M. : 
(jest.) singer. 

cantero [Gr. kdntharos], M. : vase, cham- 
ber utensil. 

canterutof, ADJ. : angular (cornered). 

can-tica [-to i], P. : song (poem in parts). 
-ticc/iiare, TR., INTR.: sing low. can- 
tico, M. : canticle (religious song). 

cantiere [L. -terius], M. : dockyard. 

canti-lena [-tore], F. : tiresome music. 
-lenaref, TH. : compose poor music. 

cantimplora [L. carina impletoria], P. : 
wine or water-cooler. 

canti-na| [? ak. to canova], P. : wine-cel- 
lar ; sutler's shop ; wine ; cavef. -netta, 
dim. of -na. -niere, M. : butler. 

can-tino, M. : treble string of a violin, 
etc. Il-toi [L. -tus],M.: singing; song; 
canto (part of a poem) ; ballad. 

c&n-to 2 [?], M. : corner (angle, cant) ; 
side: a — , near, beside, -tonale, adj.: 
cantonal, -tonaref, TR. : divide in parts ; 
BEFL. : withdraw, -tonata, F. : angle, 
comer, -tone [aug. of -to], M. : part, 
side; cornerstone; canton. -touiera, 
F. : comer closet, -toniore, M. : cus- 
todian of a high road, -tondto, adj. : 

can-tora [-tare], P.: nun singing in a choir. 
-tore, M. : singer; choir-leader, -toria, 
P. : singer's gallery, -torino, M. : hymn- 
book. -tnccTtiare, TR., INTR. : sing low. 

caa-tu««iaio, M. : biscuit maker or sell- 
er. -ta««ino, dim. of -tuceio. ||-tu-e- 
«io [dim. of -to 2], m. : comer ; small 
piece or part ; bit of bread ; biscuit. 

oa-nne-eiaeeio, -nn««io, disp. of -ne. 

eanu-tamentef, ADV.: with judgment. 

prudently. ||-tezza [L. canities], F. : 
gray hairs, hoariness of age. 

oanutifrlia [canna], P. : gold or silver 
embroidery; spangles. 

cauuto [L. -tus], ADJ. : gray-haired. 

oan-zoma, P. : song. -zoiia««ia, p. : 
bad song, -zonare, TR. : banter, make 
fun of. -zonatore, M., -zonatriee, 
F. : banterer. -zonatoriamente, adv.: 
banteringly. -zonatorio, adj. : banter- 
ing, quizzing, -zonatura, F. : bantering. 
-zon«ina, P., -zoueino, M. : canzonet. 
-zo]i«i6na, -zon«t6ne, aug. of -zone. 
II -zone pj. -tio (-ere, sing)], M. : song 
(chant); ballad: mettere in — , make fun 
of, deride, -zonella, P.: mettere (man- 
dare) in — , make fun of, deride, -zo- 
netta, dim. of -zone, -zoniere, M. : 
collection of songs; song -book. -zo- 
nu««ia, disp. dim. of -zone. 

cao-s, -sse [Gr. chdos, space], M. : chaos. 

ca-pa^-eina [-po], F. : pain in the head ; 
confused feeling. -pa««io, M. : bad man. 
-pae-ciuto, ADJ. : big-headed (said of 
vegetables, etc.). 

capa-«e [capire], adj. : capacious ; ca- 
pable (able), -eissimo, ADJ. : superl. of 
-ce. -cita, P.: capacity; ability, -eita- 
re, TR.: capacitate; persuade; intr.: be 
or become capable : non mi -cita, it is not 
to my taste, -citato, part.: convinced. 

capagutof, M. : sharp-pointed weapon. 

capameno or capo ameno, M. : gay, whim- 
sical person. 

capan-na [Celt, caban], P. : barn (shed) ; 
cabin (hut). -na'e«ia, p. : miserable 
hut. -nella, dim. of -na. -nello, M.: 
group (talking in secret) ; small hutf. 
-nettof, M. : small cabin. =nisc6nde- 
re, M. : game of hide-and-seek, -no, 
M. : hut used as hiding-place by fowlers ; 
hut ; cupola, -nolaf, P. . small hut. 
-none, M.: hay-loft; large room, -nue- 
■cia, P.: disp. dim. of -na; representa- 
tion of the birth of Christ (hut of wood, 
figures of wax, etc.). -nue-eio, disp. 
dim. of -710. 

capar-biaggine, P. . stubbornness, ob- 
stinacy, -b'iamente, ADV. : stubbornly. 
-bieria, P. : stubbornness (obstinacy). 
Ilcapar-bio [capo], ADJ. : stubborn (head- 
strong) ; M. : obstinate fellow, -biolo, 
ADJ. : rather stubborn. 

capar-ra [? cape, take, arro, pledge], F. : 
earnest - money (pledge), -rare, TR. : 
give earnest to ; hire ; engage. 

capa-ta [capo], P. : blow with the head ; 
inclination of the head, -tina, dim. 
of -ta. 

cape [3. Sing, of capere], find room : nel 
baule non ci — (does not find place in the 
trunk), cannot be packed in the trunk. 

82 capecchiaccio 

ca-pecchiae-eio, u. : rubbish. ||-pec- 
ohio [L. -pillus, hair], M. : flock (coarse 
part of flax or hemp). 
capellaf, F. : she-goat. 
capel-laeei, M. PL. : ugly hair. -latn- 
ra, P.: head of hair, -liera, P.: hair of 
the head, -lino, dim. of -lo. ||capel-lo 
[L. capillus], pi. -li or capegli, M. : hair. 
-lutof, ADJ. : hairy, having much hair. 
=Tenere, or capel venere, M. : maid- 
enhair (plant). 
ca-perdzzolo, M. : rounded head or ex- 
tremity, -pestreria, F. : strangeness, 
whim. Il-pestro or I [L. -pistrum (-put, 
head)], M. : halter ; rope for hanging crim- 
inals ; monk's girdle ; criminal. -pe- 
strdzzo, dim. of -pestro. -pettae-eio, 
disp. dim. of -petto, -petto, M. : head- 
strong (capricious) fellow, -pettn-e- 
«ia«eio, disp. of -pettaecio. 
capevolef, ADJ. : capacious ; intelligent. 
capezzale {capo], M. : bolster ; pillow. 
capezzolo [Sp. cabezo (L. caput, head), 
hill-top)], M. : nipple. 
capi-dof/Haf, P., W-Abglio [capo olio'], 
M. : sperm-whale. 
capisrltaf, p. : quarrel (scufile). 
oapi-£rKatnra, P. : hair, head of hair. 
Il-llare [L. -llus, hair], adj. : capillary. 
-Uarita, p. : capillarity. 
capimeutof, M. : (fig.) capacity (compre- 
capi=nera, P., =nero, M. : black-headed 
linnet, capi-no,. car. dim. of capo. 
capire [L. -pere], itfTR. : contain (iRR.§); 
comprehend (understand). 
§Pres, cd-pe ; -pane : in sense of 'contain.' 
capi-tale \cap6\, ADJ. : capital (princi- 
pal; mortal); M.: capital, stock, -talet- 
to, -talino, dim. of -taU. -talista, 
M. : capitalist, -talxzzare, tk. : capi- 
talize (convert into capital); intr. : amass 
capital, -talmentef, ADV. : capitally ; 
mortally. -tald««io, ditp. dim. of 
-taU. -tana, F. : admiral's ship ; (jesi.) 
captain's wife, -tauare, tr. : lead, com- 
mand, -tanato, PART. : provided with 
commanders; M. : captaincy, -taneg- 
giare, TR. : command ; INTR. : be cap- 
tain, -taueria, F. : coast region under 
a sea-ofl5cer's command; ofiicer's resi- 
dence ; captaincyf. -tano, M. : captain ; 
chief (commander of an -vrmy). -tare, 
INTR. : arrive ; (fig^ comt \o the mind ; 
with di and inf. : happe ^azione, 
p.: poll-tax. capi-te ^tov. : in 

chief : generale in — , ge . _ ^-chief . 
-telle, M. : capital of a column, -tola- 
re i, ADJ.: capitular. -tolare2, intr.: 
capitulate ; parley ; divide into chaptersf. 
-tolarmente, adv. : capitularly. -to- 
lato, M. : capitulation, document contain- 


ing terms for surrender, -tolazione, 
F. : term of surrender ; capitulation ; en- 
listment, -toletto, dim. of -tola, -to- 
lino, ADJ.: dim. of -tola; capitoline. 
capi-tolo, M. : chapter; head (sub- 
ject); poem of triplets; chapter (body 
of canons) ; assembling-place or assem- 
blage of monks. -tolu«'eio, -tolnzzo, 
disp. dim. of -tola. 
capi-tombolare, INTR. : fall head over 
heels (tumble). ||=t6nibolo [capo tom- 
bolo], M. : tumble, -tomboloni, adv. : 
in tumbles, -tondolo = capitombolo. 
capi-tone [L. caput, head], M.: tangle of 
silk-thread; thick eel. -tosof, adj.: 
headstrong, obstinate, -tozza p.: pollard. 
-tozz&re = scapitozzare. 
capo [L. -put], M. : head ; mind ; chief ; 
summit, origin, end ; promontory : a (in) 
— al mondo, to the end of the world; 
in — a (di) tre anni, at the end of three 
years ; far — , arrive at. =1ianda, M. : 
leader of a band of musicians. =1>andi- 
to, M. : chief of banditti. ='brigante, 
M. : chief of brigands, ^cae-eia, M. : 
head huntsman. = canine, adj.: hav- 
ing a head like a dog's. capd-ccMa, 
F. : head of pins or nails. capo^ccTiio, 
M. : blockhead. -ccMone, u. : big dunce. 
cap6-««i:a, pi. -cci or -eeia, M. : head of 
a country-family; foreman (boss). =cdco, 
M. : head cook. = cornice , M. : head 
comedian. =ciz6co, M.: head cook. =d'^ 
pera, M. : masterpiece ; gay person. 
=fila, M. : first soldier of the file. =fitto, 
ADJ. (adv.): head downwards, -gatto, 
M.: staggers (vertigo), -girlof, =giro, 
M. : dizziness. =lav6rd, M. : master- 
piece. = letto, M. : tapestry (hangings 
originally behind head of bed), -le- 
varef, INTR. : fall head foremost, -li- 
no, M.: dim. of -po; dot over the i : il sole 
oggi fa — , the sun is hardly visible to- 
day. =lista, M. : head of the list. =lu6- 
go, M. : chief place or town (residence 
place). =maestre, M. : master-mason; 
architectf. =niandria,M.: herder, shep- 
herd. cap6-na, P.: stubborn woman. 
-naggine, P. : stubbornness (obstinacy). 
cap6-ne, M.: big head; stubborn fellow ; 
blockhead, -neria, p. : stubbornness. 
=parte, M. : head of a party or faction. 
=piede or =pie, ADV. : as far — , turn 
upside down. =p6polo, M. : head of the 
popular party. =p6sto, M. : chief of a 
guard, -rala, F. : hospital matron, -ra- 
lato, M. : corporalship. -rale, M. : COR- 
PORAL; overseer, foreman ; ADJ.f: princi- 
pal, -raletto, M. : young corporal, -ra- 
In-e-efo, disp. dim. of -rale, -ranof, 
M.: chief (master). -ri«-eiot, M.: fright, 
horror. =ri6na, p., =pi6ne, M. : chief, 


principal (term of reproach). =rovescto, 
ADV.: head downwards, topsy-turvy. =sca- 
la, M. : head of the stairs. =sc(a)61a, 
M. : founder of a school (in art or letters). 
=setta, =settaria, M. : head of a sect. 
=s61dot, M. : increase of pay ; soldier 
with extra pay. =sqaadra, M. : com- 
mander of a squadron (commodore). =stpe- 
gone, M. : (Jest.) chief of sorcerers. 
=tam'buTO, M. : head-drum. =tasto, 
M. : peg (of stringed instruments). =ta- 
vola, M. : head of the table ; us'ly per- 
son at the head of the table. = verso, 
M. : beginning of a verse ; verse. =v61- 
gere, TR. : turn upside down ; befl. ; 
overturn. =v61to, PART, of -volgere. 

cappai [Gr. kappa], M., invar.: k (the 

cappa 2 [1. L.], P. : cape (hooded cloak) ; 
monk's cloak : sotto la — del sole (del cie- 
lo), in this world. =in.a,gn.a,, F. : state- 
cloak of cardinals, etc. 

capparef, TR. : choose. 

cap-pella [-pa, cape (of St. Martin, kept 
in a chapel)], F.: chapel; oratory; chap- 
lainship ; band of choristers ; head of 
large nails : maestro di — , director of 
church music. -pella««ia, F. : kind of 
lark. -pella««io, digp. of -llo. -pel- 
laia, F. : hatter's wife, -pellaio, M. : 
hatter, -pellan^to, M.: office of chap- 
lain. -pellaiiia,F.: chaplainshlp, living. 
-pellano, M. : chaplain ; assistant priest. 
-pellata, F.: blow with the hat ; hatful : 
a -pellate, in great quantity, -pelletta, 
dim. of -pella. -pelletto, M.: small hat. 
-pelliera, ¥.: hatbox. -pellina, dim. 
of -pella; of -pellof. -pellinaio, M. : 
hat or clothes rack, -pellina, car. dim. 
of -pello. Il-pello [-pa, cape (part used 
as cap)], M. : hat ; head of a still ; head 
of nails, -pellone, aug. of -pello ; aug. 
of -pella. -pella««{a, dim. of -pelle. 
-pellu€«{o, disp. of -pello. -pelluto, 
ADJ. : crested, tufted (used of birds). 

cap-pereto, M. : caper-bed. cap-peri, 
INTERJ. : exclamation of surprise. Ilcap- 
pero [Gr. Mpparis], M. : caper (spice). 

cap-peronef, M. : large peasant's or car- 
rier's hood. -pera«'eio f, M. : hood. 
-petta [-pa\,F.: small cape; light cloak. 

oappietto [cappio], M.: small knot ; small 
bunch of ribbons. 

cappina [cappai], F. : small cape. 

cappio pj. capulum], ST. : knot ; knot or 
bunch of ribbons. 

oappi-ta, -terina =: capperi. 

cappo-maia, F. : capon-coop, -nare, 
TR. : capon, -n-cello, M. : young capon. 
Iloappo-ne [L. capo], M. : capon, -nie- 
ra, F. : (fort.) caponiere (covered way). 

cap-pdtta [-pa], P. : long cloak ; woollen 



cap ; woman's hat. -pdtto, m. : capote, 
long cloak ; capot (at the game of piquet). 
-pii€«iaiot, M. : hoodmaker or seller. 
-pn^scina, p. : Cafiuohin nun : insalata 
— , kind of salad. -pa«eino, M. : Capu- 
chin friar : i -puccini, the church and 
monastery. -pu«cio, M. : capoch (cowl, 
hood); ' headed cabbage.' 

ca-pra [L.], p. : she-goat ; goat-skin. 
-praggine, F. : goat's-rue (plant). 
-praib', M., -praia, P. : goat-herd. 
-pretta, P. : kid. -prettina, P., 
-prettiuo, M. : small kid. -pretto, 
M. : kid. -prezzof, M. : caper ; caprice, 
whim, -pri-e-eiare = rae-capriceiare. 
-ppi«-eio, M. : CAPRICE (whim); shiver- 
ingf. -pric-eiosamente, ADV. : capri- 
ciously, -■pvi-e-eioaetto, u. : capricious 
fellow. -pri««i6so, ADV. : capricious ; 
M. : capricious, whimsical fellow. -ppi= 
corno, M. : Capricorn. -pri=fico, M. : 
wild fig-tree. -pri=fa<;lio, M.: honey- 
suckle, woodbine ; caprifole. -prifrnof, 
ADJ. : goatish, -prina, F. : kid. -pri- 
no, ADJ. : caprine, pertaining to a goat. 
-priof, M. : roebuck, -priola, p.: roe; 
caper; capriole, -prioletta, (iron.) dim. 
of -riola. -prioletto, M. : fawn, -prio- 
lo, M. : roebuck, ll-pro [L. caper], M. : 
goat : — emissario, ■ — ■ espiatorio, scape- 
goat, -prone, M. : large goat. 

ca-prngginare, TR.: notch (the staves of 
a cask).' -pmgginatoio, M.: instrument 
for marking notches. ||-prnggine [?], 
F. : notch (in the staves of a "barrel, for 
fixing the bottom). 

capsnla [dim. of L. capsa, case], P. : 
capsule, case; pod: — da fucile, cap 
(primer of a gun). 

capziosot, ADJ. : deceitful. 

carabattole [L. grabatulus, couch], P. 
PL. : in pigliar le — , take one's belong- 
ings (in leaving a place). 

carabef, F. : yellow amber. 

carabi-na [?], F. : carbine, -uiere, 
M. : carbineer. 

caraeca [Dutch kraeke]. P.: carack (large 

cara-collare [Ar.], INTR. : caracole, 
wheel. -c611o,M.: caracole, turning about. 

caraf-fa [?Ar.], P.: carafe (glass bottle). 
-fina, P., -flno, M. : small carafe. 

cara-mella [? Ar.], p. : candied fruit, 
-mellaio, M.: maker or seller of candied 
fruits, -mellare, TR.: crystallize sugar. 

caramente [caro], ADV. : dearly. 

caramogXot, M. : dwarf. 

carataref, TR. : weigh very carefully. 

cara-tello [carro], M.: keg (cask), -tel- 
letto, -tellino, dim. of -tello. 

carato [Ar.], M. : carat ; twenty-fourth 

' part. 



oaratte-re [Gr. charakter], M. : charac- 
ter (letter; handwriting; type; quality). 
-rista,M.: actor who creates a part, -ri- 
stica, P. : characteristic, -ristico, ADJ. : 
characteristic, -rizzare, TB. : charac- 
terize, -rone, aug. of -re. -rd-c-cto, 
disp. dim. of -re. 

caravella [L. -rabus], F. : caravel (ship). 

carbo-naia [-»e], P. ; charcoal - place 
(charcoal-stack); pile of wood; {jest.) 
prison ; moatf. -naio, M. : charcoal- 
maker or seller, -narismo, M. : car- 
bonarism. -naro, M. : carbonaro (mem- 
ber of the 'Carbonari' revolutionary so- 
ciety, 1808-15). -nataf, P. : carbonado 
(salt fried pork), -nato, M. : carbonate. 
-n«ello, dim. of -bone. 

carbon-cUo [L. carbunculus], M. : car- 
buncle (gem; boil); smut, mildew, -chio- 
sof, ADJ. : affected with mildew. 

oarbo-neino, dim. of -ne. Ilcarbo-me 
[L. carbo], M. : coal ; charcoal ; mildew, 
smut ; carbunclef : a misura di — , meas- 
uring by wholesale; in abundance; — 
foisile, pit-coal, -nella, p.: small coal ; 
burning coal, -neria, P. : Carbonarism. 
carbo-nico, adj. : carbonic, -uiera, 
P.: charcoal-shed or depot, -nifero, 
ADJ. : carboniferous, carbo - nio, M. : 
carbon. -iiizzare,TE.: carbonize; REPL.: 
become carbon. 

oarbuncolof, M. : carbuncle. 

carcame [?], M. : carcass. 

carcaref, TR. : load. 

oarcassa [earne cassa], P. : carcass ; 
breast of a chicken ; hulk of a ship. 

carcassof, M. : quiver. 

oar«e-ramejitot, M. : imprisonment. 
-rare, TR. : incarcerate (imprison), -ra- 
rio, ADJ. : of a prison (carceral). -ra- 
zione, P. : incarceration. ||car«e-re 
[L. earcer], M. or (us'ly pi.) F. : prison. 
-riere, M. : jailer. 

oar-«iofaia, P.: field of artichokes. 
--eidfanof, M. : artichoke, -ofofetto, 
-cioKno, M. : small artichoke. ||-ei6fo 
[Ar.], M. : artichoke ; dunce. -«i6folat, 
F. : artichoke. 

carcof, ADJ. : loaded. 

cardamomo [Gr. -moii], M. : cardamom. 

car - dare [cardd], TR. : card (wool) ;> 
slanderf. -datore, M. : carder, -da- 
tura, p. : carding, -deggiaref, TR. : 
card ; slander. 

oardellino [?], M. : goldfinch. 

oar-dia [Gr. kardia], u.: cardia (heart). 
-diaco, ADJ. : cardiac, -dialgta, p. : 
cardialgy, heartburn. 

cardina-lato, M. : cardinalate. ||car- 
dina-le [cardine], adj. : cardinal ; M. : 
cardinal; cardinal bird (finch); hinge f. 
-lesco, ADJ. : pertaining to a cardinal. 


-letto, dim. of -le. -lista, M.: adherent 

of a cardinal, -lizio, ADJ.: of a cardinal. 

cardiue [L. -do], M. : hinge ; foundation : 

cardini del mondo, poles of the earth. 

car-deto, M. : field of thistles, -dino, 

dim. of -do. ||-do \h. -duus], M. : thistle ; 

card (for combing wool), -don-eellot, 

-done, -du««io, M. : artichoke sprout. 

careggiaret, TR. : caress ; esteem. 

careilof, M. : pillow, cushion. 

care-na [L. carina], P. : keel, -naref, 
TR. : CAREEN (f Or repairs). 

ca-rentef, ADJ. : wanting. ||-restia 
[L. -rere, want], F. : scarcity, famine. 
-restdsof, ADJ. : dear, expensive. 

carettof, M. : reed (rush). 

ca-rezzai [L. -rus, dear], p.: caress; 
attention (care). -rezza2 [-ro], p.: 
deamess (costliness), -rezzare, TR. ; 
caress, fondle, -rezzatore, M. : cares- 
ser. -rezzevole, ADJ. : caressing. 
-rezzevolmente, ADV. : caressingly, 
-rezzina, dim. of -rezzai. 

cariaggio = carriaggio. 

cariare [carie], TR., INTE. : make or be- 
come carious. 

cariatide [Gr. Karudtides, priestess], p. : 
caryatid ; (jest.) clumsy support or prop. 

cari-ca [-co]. P.: CHARGE (office); burden 
(care); charge (of a gun): — a fondo, 
determined attack, -care, TR. : charge, 
load; add to; accuse, -catamente, 
ADV. : affectedly, -cato, adj. : affected 
(insincere), -catore, M. : loader, freight- 
er, -catura, F. : charge (load); affecta- 
tion; caricature, -caturina, dim. of 
-catura. -catnrista, M. : caricaturist. 

cari-eef, F. : reed, rush. 

carico [carro], ADJ.: pop. for caricato; 
M. : load (burden); blame; CHARGEf. 

carie [L. -ries], p. : caries (disease of 
bone); decay. 

carino [-ro], M. : darling (dear). 

caridla [carro], P.: wheelbarrow; knife- 
grinder's cart. 

caridsof, ADJ. : carious (decaying). 

cari-ta [caro], p.: charity; love; fa- 
vour, -tatevole, ADJ. : charitable, -ta- 
tevolmente, -tativamentef, ADV.: 
charitably, -tativof, -tevolef, ADJ.: 
charitable, -tevolmentet, ADV. : chari- 

carlino [Carlo], M. : carline (small coin). 

carme [L. -men], M. : (poet.) verse, poem. 

carmelitano [Carmelo, where the order 
was founded], adj.: Carmelite; m. : Car- 
melite friar. 

carmi-naref, TR. : card (wool); (med.) 
expel wind, -nativof, adj.: carminative, 
expelling wind. 

carminio [1. L. -mesinus], u. : carmine. 

car-ua«'eia, disp. of -ne. -na««i6- 


sot, -naceiutot, ADJ. : fleshy, -nag- 
giofi M. : meat; carnage, -nagione, 
p. : carnation, flesh colour, -naio, M. : 
(jeit.) chamel house, -naiuolof, M. : 
game-bag; bag. -nale, ADJ.: carnal; 
of same blood (related), -nalita, P. : 
carnality, -nalmonto, adv. : carnal- 
ly, -name, M. : mass of human limbs 
or corpses ; quantity of bad meat, -na- 
scialaref [-ne scialare], intr. : give 
one's self up to excesses, -nasciale 
l-nascialare], M. : carnival. -nascia- 
lesco, ADJ.: pertaining to the carnival. 
-nato, M. : carnation, flesh colour. ||-ne 
[L. earo], P. : flesh ; meat ; PL. : appear- 
ance (complexion); health ; pulp of fruitf. 
-nefiee [L. carni-fex\, M. : executioner 
(hangman); cruel man. -nefi«ina, P. : 
carnage ; torture. car-neof, ADJ. : 
cameous, fleshy. -iie=secca, P. : salt- 
meat, -nevalata, F.: carnival pleasure. 
-ne=valo, M. : carnival ; festival, merry- 
making, -nevalesco, ADJ. : belonging 
to the carnival, -nevalino, M. : amuse- 
ment, small pleasure; first Sunday of 
Lent (which is a continuation of the Car- 
nival), -nevalone, M. : gay festival. 
-ni««io, M. : fleshy side of raw skins; 
scrapings or shreds of skins. -ni«iuo, 
ADJ.: flesh-coloured; pale rose-coloured. 
-niera, F., -nieret, M. : game bag. 
•nifi«iiia, F. : carnage ; torment, -ui- 
Toro, ADJ. : carnivorous ; M. : carniv- 
orous animal, -nosita, F. : fleshiness ; 
(med.) camosity (fleshy excrescence). 
-noso, ADJ. : fleshy (camous) : muscoli 
-nasi, large muscles, -noval. . (pop.) 
:= carneval. . -nutot, ADJ. : fleshy. 

caro pLi. -ras], ADJ. : dear (valued, costly); 
M. : deamess ; scarcityf ; adv. : dearly ; 
at a high price. 

oaro-^na [L. earo, flesh], F. : poor horse 
(jade); corpsef; CAREiONt. -pnaeeia, 
P. : worn-out horse. 

oard-la, F. : dance (ballet). ||-lare [L. 
caraulare], inte. : dance a ballet. 

carosdllo [?], M.: exhibition on horseback 
(by several persons) ; merry-go-round. 

oard-ta [L.], F. : carrot ; idle story, fib : 
piantare (vender) -te, tell foolish tales. 
-tae«ia, disp. of -ta. -taio, M. : fool- 
ish talker, -taref, INTK. : tell foolish 
stories ; fib. -tioret, M. : foolish talker. 

car6tide [Gr. -tides], P. : carotid artery. 

carovana [Ar.], P. : caravan ; large com- 

carparet, INTR. : walk upon all-fours ; 
TK. : snatch ; arrest. 

carpentieret, ^- '■ carpenter. 

carpi-ne [L. -nus], u. : hornbeam (tree). 
-neta, p. : place planted with horn- 
beams. o4rpi-ao, M. : hornbeam. 



oar-pio [1. L. -pa}, M. : carp, -pione, 
M. : carp. 

oarpire [L. -pere], TE. . obtain unlawful- 
ly (snatch) ; wrestf. 

oarpitaf, p. : woolly cloth ; woolly cov- 

oar-po [Gr. karpos], M. : wrist (carpus). 
-p6ne or -poni, adv.: on hands and 
feet, on all-fours. 

car-radore, -raio, M. : cartwright. -ra- 
ta, p.: cart-load; great quantity, -ra- 
tellot, M. : keg (cask), -reggiabile, 
adj. : passable for wagons, -reggiare, 
TE. : convsy by carts or wagons! ' -reg- 
giata, p.: wagon track (cart-road), -reg- 
giatoref, M. : driver, carter, -reggio, 
M. : carting, conveying by wagons ;' M.f : 
great number of carts, -retta, P. : cart ; 
carriagef; gun-carriage, -rettaio, M. : 
carter, -rettata, P. : cartful, -ret- 
tella, P. : small four-wheeled carriage. 
-pettiere, M. : carter, teamster, -ret- 
tino, M. : small pushcart, -petto, M. : 
pushcart, -pettonaio, M. : carter, team- 
ster, -rettonata, P. : large wagon- 
load, -pettoue, M. : tilt-cart, large wag- 
on (dray), -piaggio, M. : baggage wag- 
on ; baggage of aiiarmy. -pi«ellot, M.: 
small wagon, -piepa, P. : career, race ; 
career (life). -ri(u)ala, F. : wheelbar- 
row; trundle bedf; litter. ||cap-ro [L. 
-rus (= currus)}, pi. -ri, or -ra (ref . to the 
contents), M.: wagon, car ; wagonload : il 
— di Boote, Charles' Wain, Great Bear. 
-ro-ecio, M. : war chariot (of Italian re- 
publics), -pdzza, P. : coach, carriage. 
-rozzabile, ADJ.: passable for carriages. 
-pozza««ia, disp. of -rozza. -pozz4io, 
M. : carriage-maker, -pozzata, P. : car- 
riagef ul. -pozzetta, P. : light carriage. 
-pozziepe, M. : carriage-maker ; (jest.) 
coachman. -pozzino.M.: small carriage. 
-pozzone, M. : aug. of -rozza; big profit. 

ca(p)-pu'ba, P. : carob-beau, St. John's 
bread. Il-ru'b'bio [Ar.], M. : carob-tree. 

cappdcat, P. : pulley. 

cappu-e-eio [carroj, M. : go-cart for chil- 

cappdco-la [carrucd], P. : pulley : unger 
le -le, flatter, bribe, -lapef, TR. : draw 
up with pulleys, -lina, P. : small pulley. 

cap-ta [L. charta], P. : paper (leaf of pa- 
per) ; card ; printed paper ; chart ; legal 
document; map; playing-card, -tabel- 
lot, M. : pamphlet. -tae«ia, P. : bad 
paper, -ta-eeo, ADJ. : of paper, paper. 
-ta=gldpia, P.: altar-scrolls, -taio, M.: 
paper-maker. -ta=pecopa, P. : parch- 
ment ; documents written on parchment. 
-ta=p6sta, P. : papier-mache, -tapof, 
M. : paper maker. -ta=stpaee{a [c. 
straceio], F. : wrapping-paper; worthless 

86 oarteggiare 

writing, -teggiare, INTR. : lieep up a 
correspondence ;' TE.f : study (a nautical 
cliart); glance oyerf. -teggio, m. : cor- 
respondence by letter ; collection of let- 
ters, -tella, P. : label ; bond, govern- 
ment bond ; ticket (in lottery), -tellet- 
ta, -tellina, dim. of -tella. -telliuo, 
dim. of -tello. -tello, M. : posting-bill, 
placard ; sign-board, -tellone, aug. of 
-tello. -ti«iiio, M.: pamphlet of additions 
and corrections, -tiera, p. : paper-mill. 

carti-lagine [L. -lago], P. : cartilage 
(gristle). ' -lagineo, -laginoso, adj. : 
cartilaginous (gristly). 

car-tiua, p.: dim. of -ta; worthless 
card (in a certain game) ; (mus.) solo : — 
di spilli, paper of pins. -t6«€io, M. : 
paper -cornet (cornet) ; cartouch (car- 
tridge); (arch.) scroll, -tolaio, M.: sta- 
tioner, paper seller, -tolare, M. : copy- 
book ; TR.f : page a book, -tolaro, M. : 
stationer, -toleria, P.: stationer's shop. 
-tolina, P. : small strip of paper ; label ; 
post(al) card (or — postale). -tona«- 
■eio, disp. of -tone. -ton«iiio, dim. of 
-tone, -tone, M. : pasteboard ; cartoon. 
-td««ia, P.: cartouch (cartridge); 
small piece of paper. -tii«eiera, F. : 

cardbot, M. : pop. form for carrubbio. 

card«eio [-ro], ADJ. . very dear. 

cardn-cola [L. caro], -cula, F. : car- 

carvif, M. : caraway plant. 

o4sa [L.], p. : house ; household, family ; 
home : — di campagna, country house ; 

— di commercio, mercantile house, firm ; 

— di correzione, bridewell ; faccende di 
— , household affairs ; a — , home. 

casacca [?], P. : kind of coat or jacket ; 

casa-eeia, disp. of easa. 

caa&e-eio [so], M. : mischance : a — , 
botchingly, carelessly. 

oasaccone, aug. of -cca. 

oa-sale [so], M. : hamlet, village, -sa- 
lingo, ADJ. : domestic ; pane — , home- 
made bread. -sa=inatta [maiio], P. : 
casemate, -samento, M. : large apart- 
ment house (block, tenement-house), -sa- 
ref = accasare. -sare«-eio = case- 
reccio. -s&ta, p. : family, race, -sato, 
M. : family name. 

oas-caggine, p. : weakness ; di'owsiness. 
-camentof, M. : falling, fall. -ca=indr- 
to, M. : in fare it — , make passionate 
love to a woman, -oante, ADJ. : fall- 
ing; weak, failing. ||-caro [? ak. to 
cadere], INTR.: fall; fail; TR.f: fell 
(throw down) : — le iraccia, discourage ; 
more common than cadere. -oata, p. : 
fall; waterfall (cascade), -catella, P.: 


dim.oi-cata; little cascade. -oati««io, 
ADJ.: frail, perishable. -Da,t6io^-cante. 

cascA-etto [-co], u. : small or light helmet. 

cascimirra [Cascemir], F. : cashmere. 

casci-na, F. : cow pasture and dairy ; 
cheese-form (of beech-wood); thin board 
(of beech), -maio, M. : dairy superin- 
tendent. Iloasci-of [caeio], w. : cheese, 

oasco [Sp.], M. : casque (helmet). 

ca-seggiato [casa], M. : group of scat- 
tered 'houses, hamlet, -sella, P. : little 
compartment (in pods, etc.); small square 
(made by ruling, etc.); closet, -seree- 
■eio, ADJ. : domestic, -serma, P. : cas- 
ern, barracks, -setta, P. : pretty little 
house, -settina, -si«'eidla, p.: very 
small house, -siere, M., -siera, P.: 
one that has charge of a house ; steward, 
housekeeper, siglismo, M., sigliar 
na, F. : in the same house as another. 
-sile, M. : wretched hut. -sininaf, p. : 
small cottage. H-sino [sa], M. : country 
or suburban residence; club-house; public 
house. - sipola , P. : miserable little 
house ; hovel. 

ca-sissimo, ADJ.: superl. of -so; very 
suitable, or capable, -sista, M. : casuist. 
-sistica, P. : casuistry. ||-so [L. -sag], 
M. : case (chance) ; accident ; case of a 
noun : a — pensato, with premeditation. 

ca-s6«eiat [so], P. : large, ugly house. 
-solare, M. : lonely hovel ; hamlet. -Bo- 
na, F. : large house, -sonei, M. : very 
large plain house. 

ca-s6ne 2 [so], M. : casuist ; pessimist. 
-soso, ADJ. : fearful, afraid. 

ca-s6tta [sa], rather large house, -sot- 
to, M. : sentry-box. 

caspita ^ cappita. 

cas-sa [L. capsa], p. : case; chest; trunk; 
coffin ; treasury; (typ.) type-case, -saio, 
M. : trunk-maker or seller. 

cassalef, ADJ. : mortal, deadly. 

cassa=madiat, P. : kneading-trough. 

oassamentof, M. : cancelling, annulling. 

cassa=panoa, p. : chest used as a bench. 

cas-sare [L. (sus, empty)], te. : erase; 
cancel (abolish, Bng.f cassate); dismiss. 
-satura, P. : cancelling (cassation), -sa- 
zione, P. : cassationf: corte di — , court 
of cassation. 

cassero [Sp. alcdzar], M. : citadel (fort- 
ress); (nav.) poop. 

casset-ta [cassa]. P.: small box (casket); 
drawer; cash-drawer; letter-box; alms- 
box; coach-box; dust-pan. -taeeia, 
disp. of -ta. -taiof, M. : box -maker. 
-tata, F. : boxful, -tina, dim. oi -ta. 
-tino. M. : (typ.) box, compartment of 
case, oasset-to, M.: small box, casket; 
drawer. -tan«ino, dim. of -tone, -tdne, 
M. . bureau, commode. 



cassia [L. cam], f. : (med.) cassia. 
cassie-ra, F., -re [eassa], M. : cashier. 
oassiligneat, F. : cassia bark. 

cassina [eassa], F. : small box ; salt-box. 

oassi-nense [Cassino], -nese, adj. : of 
the order of Mount Cassino ; m. : monk (of 
that order). 

cas-sino [-sa\, M. : small dust-cart, -sofi , 
M. : chest (thorax). 

cassot^, ADJ. : vain; annulled. 

cas-soiia€«io, disp. of -sone. -soii«el- 
lo, -son«ino, dim. of -sone. ||-s6ne 
[-so], M. : large chest or box (esp. for 
grain, flour, etc.) ; tool-box ; packirg-box ; 

oassnla ^ eapsula. 

casta [Sp., pure race (L. -tus, 'chaste')], 
F. : caste, class. 

casta -£rna [L. -Tiea], F. : chestnut. 
-{/nae-eiaio, M. : seller of chestnut- 
cakes. -£rna««{o, M. : chestnut-pudding. 
-gneto, M. : grove of chestnut-trees. 
-ffnetta, P. : small chestnut ; Castanet. 
-gaOfU.: chestnut-tree; chestnut- wood ; 
ADJ. : chestnut or bay-coloured, -gnu-e- 
■eia, disp. of -gna. -9n(n)dlot, ADJ.: 

castal-deriat, F. : stewardship. Il-'do 
[1. L. gastaldius], m. : majordomo (stew- 

castamente [-sto], ADV. : chastely. 

castel-lae«io, disp. of -lo. -lana, F. : 
castellan's wife, -laneria, -lauia, F.: 
(ofSce of castellan) ; castellany. -lano, 
ADJ.: of a castle or castellan ; m. : castel- 
lan, -laret, M.: old ruined castle, -let- 
to, M. : dim. of -lo; bank register of 
good clients. ||castel-lo, pi. -li, (rare) 
-la \h. -lum (eastrum, camp)], m. : castle 
(fortified place ; fortress, fort); engine of 
war; capstan; deck, -lotto, aug.oi-lo. 
-lu««{o, disp. of -lo. 

castiga. . = gastiga. . 

castifrliano [prov. Castiglid\, ADJ.: Cas- 
tilian ; Castilian coin. 

castiglionet ^ castelletto. 

oastigo = gastigo. 

ca-stimonia, -stita, F. : chastity (pu- 
rity). Il-sto [L. -stusj, ADJ.: chaste 

oastone [?], M. : bezel or collet of a ring. 

ca-storiof, M. : castoreum. ||-st6ro [L. 
-star], M. : castor (beaver). 

castramietazidne [L. castra, camp, me- 
tari, measuee], f. : castrametation (art of 

oa-strapor«elli, -strapdr«i [porco], 
M.: geider. ||-strare [root kas, cut], 
TR. : castrate, -strato, m. : castrate 
(etmuch); mutton, -stratnra, -stra- 
zione, F. : castration. 

oa-strense, ADJ. : pertaining to a camp, 

camp-, ll-strof [L. -strum, camp], M. : 

ca-stroiia««io, disp. of -strone. -stron- 
«ello, -stron«iuo, M. : young wether ; 
simpleton. || -strone [-strare] , M. : wether ; 
blockhead, -stroneria, P. : stupidity ; 
silly talk. 

casua-le [caso], adj. : casual (accidental). 
-lita, P.: casualty. -Imente, ADV.: 
casually (by chance). 

casn-'C'eia [casa], casu-cola, casu- 
pola, F. : small wretched house, hovel. 

cata- [Gr. katd, down, under, mis-], pref. : 
cata- : -clisma, pi. -clismi [Gr. klUzein, 
wash], -dismo, M.: cataclysm, -comlia 
[Gr. kdmbe, vault], F. : catacomb (burial 
vault), -cresi [Gr. ehrhthai, use], F. : 
catachresis. -falco [?], M. : catafalque ; 
scaffoldf. -lessi [Gr. -lepsis, ' down-tak- 
ing'], -lessia, P.: catalepsy, -letticoi, 
ADJ.: cataleptic. -lettico2 [Gr. -legein, 
leave], ADJ. : catalectic. =letto, M. : litter; 
bier, -logare [-fl'o],TR.: catalogue, -lo- 
g/iino, M.: small catalogue, cata-logo 
[Gr. legein, say, count], M. : catalogue, 
list. -pecoTiia [?], P. : miserable hut ; 
deserted placet, -plasma [Gr. pldssein, 
mould], M.: cataplasm (poultice), -pulta 
[Gr. jxJHeiH, hurl], P. : catapult, -rrale, 
ADJ. : catarrhal, -'rro [Gr. hretn, flow], 
M. : catarrh, -rroso, ADJ. : catarrhous. 

catartico [Gr. kathards, pure], ADJ. : ca- 
thartic(al); m. : cathartic. 

oatarzo [?], M. : coarse silk (used for tas- 
sels, etc.). 

cata-sta [Gr. katd-stasis, 'down-setting'], 
F.: pile of wood; pile, mass; funeral pilef. 
-stale, ADJ. : pertaining to taxes, tax. 
-stare t =^ accatastare. cata-sto, M. : 
impost (tax); tax-book. 

catastrofe [Gr. -phe (strephein, turn)], 
p. : catastrophe. 

cataunof, PRON. : each one. 

cate- [:= cata-^ : -chesi [Gr. echein, sound], 
p.: (theol.) explanation of doctrine, -chi- 
smo, M.: catechism, -chista,, M.: cate- 
chist. -cAistico, ADJ. : catechistic(al). 
-cTiizzare, TR.: catechise, -cismof ^ 
-chismo. -oumeno, M. : catechumen. 
-goria [Gr.], P. : category, -gorica- 
mente, ADV. : categorically, -gorico, 
ADJ.: categorical; positive. 

catelano [Catalogna], M.: Catalan plum. 

ca-tellinot, -tellof, M. : little dog, pup- 
py, -tellont, -tellonef, .ADV. : very 
softly, -tellone, M. : rather large dog. 

cate-na [L.], P.: chain; ridge; key, 
iron band to strengthen walls. -iiae«io, 
M. : bolt, -naref = ineatenare. -nel- 
la, -uina, P. : small chain. -n6na, F., 
-none, M. : large chain, -nuzzaf, F. : 
small chain. 



oaterat-ta [Gr. katardktes], F. : sluice, 
flood-gate; cataract (fall; eye-disease); 
portcullis, -taiof, M. : sluice-guard. 
caterva [L.], p. : troop, division of an 
army; contempt; crowd. 
cateto pj. -thetus], u. : oathetus (perpen- 
dicular line). 

cati-naeeio, disp. of -no. -naio, M. : 
crockery or earthenware seller ; potterf. 
-nella, P.: wash-handbasin; basinful. 
-nellata, F. : basinful, -nelletta, P., 
-nellino, M.: small handbasin. -netto, 
M. : small basin. || cati - no [L. -nus, 
dish], M. : basin, vase (bowl). 

catoneggiare, INTB. : do as Gate. 

catorbia [?], P. : (jest.) prison. 

ca-tdr«io [1. L. -thucium], M. : bolt. 
-tdrzolo, M. : knot (in wood), -torzo- 
luto, ADJ. : knotty. 

catragimorof, M. : vertigo, dizziness. 

catrame [Ar.], M. : tar. 

catridsso [?], M. : carcass, skeleton. 

cattabrigaf = accattabrighe. 

cattanof, M. : CAPTAIN. 

cattaref, TR. : procure, acquire. 

catte-dra [Gr. kathedra, seat], P. : cath- 
edra (instructor's chair ; bishop's seat) ; 
CHAlRf. -drale, ADJ., p. : cathedral. 
-drante, M. : (iron.) professor, lecturer. 
-draticamente, ADV. : (iron.) as a lec- 
turer, -dratico, ADJ. . (iron.) instruc- 
tive ; authoritative ; M. : professor. 

oatti-va««io, ADJ. : very wicked, bad. 
-vaggiot, M. : captivity, -vamomtef, 
ADV.":' wickedly ; badly, -vanzaf, P. : 
captivity ; rascality, -vanzudlaf, P. : 
roguery. ||-vare [I. L. captivare], repl.: 
CAPTIVATE (charm) ; TR.f : imprison, sub- 
due, -veg^iaref, INTR. : le'ad a wicked 
life. -vella««iot, M.: miserable wretch. 
-vello, dim. of -vo. -veria, -veria, 
-vezza, P.: wickedness, rascality, -vita, 
p.: wickedness; idlenessf; captivity f. 
cattl-vo [L. captivus, captive, slave], 
ADJ.: bad, wicked; unfortunate; M.; bad 
man, caitipp. 

oatto [Gr. kdktos], M. : (bot.) cactus. 

cat-tolicamente, ADV. : according to 
the Cathohc doctrine. -toli«isiiio, M. : 
Catholicism. -toli«ita, P. : catholicity ; 
Catholic world. ||-t61ico [Gr. kaiholikos, 
universal], adj. : catholic ; of the Roman 
Catholic faith ; universalt ; M. : Catholic. 

cattu-ra [L. capturct], P. : capture ; ar- 
rest, -rare, TR. : seize ; arrest. 

can-dale [L. -da, tail], adj. : caudal. 
-datario, M. : prelate's train-bearer. 
-date, ADJ. : having a tail. 

o&nlef, M. : stem (stalk). 

can-sa [L.], F. : cause (reason) ; suit (ac- 
tion at law; case); interest, -sa-e-eia, 
F.: bad cause, -sale, ADJ.: causal, -sa- 


lita, P. : causality. -salm6nte, ADV. 
causally, -sare, TR. : cause (occasion). 
-satoref, M. : author, agent, -sidico, 
M. : counsellor (advocate). 

cansti-ca, P. : caustic curve, -eita, P. : 
causticity. ||cansti-co [Gr. -k6g (kaiein, 
burn)], ADJ. : caustic(al), burning ; m. : 

can-tamente, ADV. : cautiously. ||-te- 
la [-to], P. : caution ; guarantee (surety). 
-telare, INTR.: use caution; eepl.: take 
precautions. -telativo,ADJ.: cautionary. 

cante-rio [Gr. -ttrion (kaiein, bum)], 
M. : cautery, -rizzare, TR. : cauterize. 
-rizzazione, P. . cauterization. 

can-to [L. -tus], adj. : cautious ; insured. 
-zione, P. : guarantee (security) ; cau- 

cava [cavoi]. P.: cavef; quarry; mine. 
-denti [cavare dente'],M.: dentist. =fan- 
go [cavare],M.: dredging-machine. cava- 
£rno, M. : kind of basket. 

ca-valcabile, ADJ. : that can be ridden. 
-valcantef, M. : postilion, -valcare, 
INTR.: ride horseback ; TR.: ride (a horse); 
domineerf. -valcata, F. : riding on 
horseback; cavalcade, -valcatoiof, m.: 
mounting-block, -valcatore, M.: horse- 
man, -valcatura, F. : horse, any rid- 
ing animal. -valca=via, P. : covered 
passageway, -valcfoerescof ^ -vallere- 
sco. -val«iare ^ accavalciare. -val- 
-eione, -val«i6ni = aceavalcione. -va- 
leggieref, -valeggierof, M. : light 
horseman, -valierato, M. : knighthood. 
-valiere, M. : cavalryman (horseman) ; 
knight; cavalier: — d'industria, sharper. 
-valieri = -valiere. -valierino, M. : 
young cavalier, -valierottof, M.: great 
lord, -valla, F. : mare. -valla'e«io, 
disp. of -valla, -vallaro, M. : one in 
charge of a herd of horses; driverf. -val- 
leggfere, -valleggtero f, M. : light 
horseman, -vallereis-efof, ADJ. : fit to 
be carried by horses, -vallerescamen- 
te, ADV. : chivalrously, -valleresco, 
ADJ. : chivalrous, -valleria, p. : cav- 
alry; knighthood (chivaty); valour, -val- 
lerizza, M.: riding-school ; horsemanship. 
-vallerizzof, M. : riding-master; esquire. 
-Valletta, P. : locust (grasshopper); fraud. 
-valletto, M. : small horse ; saw-horse ; 
wooden frame ; easel, -vallina, F. ; 
filly, -vallino, M. : colt ; adj. : cabal- 
line (of a horse). ||.vallo [L. -ballus, 
nag], M. : horse ; knight at chess ; horse- 
soldier; lively boy; dunef. -vall6ue, 
M. : large horse ; wave, billow. -valn«- 
■efo, M. : sorry horse: a — , on the 
shoulders, astride. 

cava=16ocMo [rocchio, as attacking the 
eyes], M. : wasp; hedge-lawyer (pettifog- 


ger); dishonest official ; exaotort- -men- 
tot, M.: excavating. Hcava-re [cavoi], 
TK.: dig out, raise or bring out (from any- 
thing deep), draw (water), lift up; remove, 
free; excavate f: — ■ gli occhi a, treat 
badly, abuse; — le penne maestre, pick 
out the feathers ; pick ; — un vizio a, 
correct, reproach, ^stivali, M. : boot- 
jack. =stra-c«i, M. : wormscrew; gun- 
worm, cava-ta, P.: taking away, blood- 
letting. =tappi, M.: corkscrew, -tina, 
F. : cavatina, short air. cava-tof, M. : 
cavity. -t6ret,M.: digger, miner, -tnra, 
F.: excavation. =tiiTa««iali, m.: cork- 

cavellef, F. : trifle, nothing. 

caverellaf, F. : small hole or cavity. 

caver-na [L.], F. : cavern, -nellaf, 
-netta, F. : small cavern, -nosita, F. : 
hoUowness (concavity). -noso, ADJ. : 
cavernous, hollow, -nuzzat, F. : small 
cavern, -ozzola, F. : very small (quarry). 

cavez-za [L. caput, head], F. : halter, 
bridle, -zata, F. : blow with a halter. 
-zina, F. : small halter, -zone, M. : 
cavezon ; snaffle, -znolaf, F. : small 

caviale [fr. Turk.], M. : caviar. 

ca-viccMa, F. : large peg or hook. l|-vic- 
cTiio [L. elaviculus (clavis, key)], M. : 
peg, hook ; pile, -vij/lia, F. : peg, hinge ; 
ankle, -vij/liof = -vicehio. -viglino- 
lof, M. : small peg. 

cavil-lare, INTO.: cavil; seek excuses. 
-latore, M., -latri«e, P.: caviller, -la- 
zione, F. : cavilling, carping, -litaf, 
P. : sophism. ||cavil-lo [L. -lum, jest], 
M. : sophism (false argument), -losa- 
mente, ADV. : cavillingly. -loso, adj. : 
cavilling ; sophistical. 

ca-vita, P. : cavity. ||ca-vo i [L. -vus], 
ADJ. : hollow, concave ; M. : hollow ; mould ; 
open needlework. 

cavo2 [? L. caper e, take], M. : cable, 

cavo-laia, F. : planting of cabbages. 
-laio, M. : cabbage field. -I=fi6re, M. : 
CAULIFLOWER, -lino, M.: Small cabbage. 
Ilcavo-lo [L. cauHs, stalk], M.: cabbage, 
COLE, -lone, aug. of -lo. 

oa-vrettof := -pretto. -vri(n)61at := 
-priola. -vriuolot = -priolo. 

caziosof, ADJ. : captious, insidious. 

cazzaf, p. : crucible ; ladle. 

cazzaref, TE. : haul in the cable. 

cazzarola [eazza], P. : stewpan. 

cazzica = cappita. 

cazzola [eazza], P. : trowel. 

caz-zottare, TR. : fisticuff. |l-z6tto [?], 
M. : fist ; box (cuff). 

cazzudla [eazza], P.: trowel; soent- 



«e [ei], PRON. : us, to us ; ADV. : here. 

«e-caggine [-co], P. : (contempt.) CECITY, 
blindness, -carof = accecare. 

«ecca I [abbr. of Francesea], p. : mag- 

'eeoca2 [echoic], P.: click. 

■ee-ee [L. eicer], M. : cmcKpea ; small fleshy 

€e«erot, M. : swan. 

-cecTiezzat, M. : blindness. 

«e-«iato [-ee], ADJ. : chickpea-coloured. 
-eina, P. : young, graceful woman, -ci- 
no, dim. of -ce. -cio = -ce. 

ee-eita, P. : cecity, blindness ; infatuar 
tion. Ilee-co [L. cacns], ADJ.: blind ; in- 
fatuated ; dark ; m. : blind man. -coli- 
•na, P., -coliuo, M.: blind young person; 

«e-dente, ADJ. : yielding, flexible. ll«e- 
dere [L., go (away); yield], (iRR.)§ ; INTO.: 
CEDE, yield ; resign ; TR. : give up. -de- 
vole [-dere], adj. : flexible ; yielding. 
-devolezza, F. : flexibility, -dimento, 
M. : yielding, -dizionef, P. : cession, 
yielding, -dobonis [L. bonus], u. : yield- 
ing one's property. 

§ Pret. reg. or (poel.) ch-si, ~se ; -sero. Part. 
ceduto or chso. (So can-, inter-, retro-, sjtc-; 
others only reg.) 

«edo-la [1. L. sehedula], P. : note, bill, 
commission, -lone, M. : big bill, placard ; 

«edornellat ^ cedronella. 

«e-drangolat,P. : (bot.) lucern. -draref, 
TR. : flavour with lemon. ||-drato [-dro], 
adj.: of lemon taste or odour; M.: cedrat. 

-eedrinolof = cetriolo. 

-ee-dro {h.-drus],w.: cedar; lime, -dro- 
ne, ADJ. : of a colour like cedar, -dro- 
nella, P. : (jbot.) balm-mint. 

«edno [L. cwdere, cut down], adj. : fit to 
be felled (Eng.f ceduous). 

«edato, PART, from cedere. 

«e-falalg;ia [Gr. dlgos, pain], p. : cephal- 
algia (headache), -falico, adj. : cephalic. 
Il-ee-falo [Gr. kephale, head], M. : mullet 

■eef-faref = acciuffare. -fata, F. : slap. 
-fatonet, M. : severe blow. ||«ef-fo 
[L. caput, head], m. : muzzle, snout ; ugly 
face, -fonare, TR.: strike, slap, -fone, 
M. : slap on the face. 

«elabrot =: cervello. 

«e-laniento, M. : concealing. ||-lare 
[L.], TR. : conCEAL, secrete, -lataf i , 
p. : ambuscade. 

«elata2 [L. ccelare, chisel], F. : helmet. 

«ela-taniente [-re], ADV. : secretly. 
-tnraf, P. : concealing. 

€ele-bet = -bre. -berrimo, adj. : superl. 
of -bre. -brabile, adj. : worthy to be 
celebrated, -bram^nto, M. : celebra- 



tion. -Irante, pakt. of -hrare; M. : 
celebrant, officiating priest, -brare, 
TR. : praise ; celebrate ; perform, -bra- 
t6re, M. : oelebrator, praiser. -bra- 
zione, F. : celebration, performance. 
Ile^le-lire [L. -ber], adj. : celebrated 
(famous), -'brevolet, ADJ. : worthy of 
being celebrated, -brita, P. : celebrity ; 
famous man (fame). 

«61ebrot, M. : brain. 

cele-re [L.celer],ADl.: quick (swift), -re- 
mente, adj. : in haste ; swiftly, -rita, 
P. : celerity (speed). 

«ele-ste [L. calestis], adj. : celestial ; 
skyblue-coloured ; m. : skyblue. -stiale, 
adj. : celestial, -stialmente, ADJ. : 
divinely, -stino, adj.: skyblue (azure); 
M. : azure. 

«e-lia [comedian CeliaJ, P. : jest, joke. 
-lia««ia, P. : bad joke, -li&re, intb. : 
joke, banter, -liatore, M., -liatriee, 
P.: joker. 

-e-elibato, M. : celibacy. ||-elibe pli. 
ccelebs], adj. : celibate (unmarried) ; M. : 
celibate (bachelor). 

«eliddniat, F. : (bot.) celandine. 

«e - lina [-lia,], P. : little joke ; slight 
trick, -liona, P. : big joke, -lione, 
ADJ. : fond of joking ; M. : joker. 

«el-la [L.], F. : cell ; (Jest.) small room ; 
cell of a beehive ; wine-oellarf. -laiof, 
M. : wine-cellar, -leraiof, M. : cellarer. 
-letta, P. : small cell. -li^ref, M. : 
wine-cellar ; pantry, -lina, P. : small 
cell, -loriaf, F. : brain ; head. -^Inla, 
F. : cellule ; small cell. -Inlare, ADJ. : 
cellular, -luloso, adj. : cellular. 

«elo-naiot, M.: upholsterer. «el6-net, 
M. : counterpane; carpet. 

«elsitadiuet, P. : celsitude, height. 

-eembalo [L. cymbaluni], H. : cymbal 

-eembanellat = cennameUa. 

-eembolo, pop. for cembalo. 

«eiiien-tare, TR. : cement, -tazione, 
p. : cementation. ||«einSn-to [L. cce- 
mentum, chip], M. : cement. 

cempen-na, M., P.: (inept) person. 
Il-nare [variant of tentennare], intb.: 
stumble, be inept. 

«eii, for cento. 

«e-na [L. ceena], F. : supper, -uaoolo, 
M. : supper-room ; room where Christ gave 
the Last Supper ; Last Supper (painting). 
-nare, INTB. : sup. -nataf, F. : supper. 

«en-eer6Ilot, M. : little rag. -^eriaf, 
p. : pile of rags, --eiaia, P. : heap of 
rags ; trifle, worthless thing. -«iaio, M., 
-eiaiolo, M. : ragman, -eiata, P. : blow 
with a rag. -cino, m. : small rag ; very 
little. Il-een-eio [? L. -to, patchwork], M.: 
rag (tatter); dust-rag; old dress; pi. ^ci, 


dough, with eggs: dare in -ci, disap- 
point ; esser ne' suoi -ci, be in the bloom 
of health and youth ; venir dal — , loathe, 
disdain, -eidso, adj. : ragged, tattered. 

«ene-rae«io, M. : buck ashes. -ra«- 
«iolo, M. : bucking cloth, -rariof = 
cinerario. -rata, F. : lye. H-eene-re 
[L. cinis], f. : cinders; ashes; (poet.) 
M., or le -ri: remains; il giorno delle 
— , Le Cenerie, Ash-Wednesday, -rino, 
adj.: ash-coloured, -ro^rnolo, adj.: 
slightly ash-coloured (used in rather disp. 
sense), -rone, M. : remains of ashes in 
the bucking cloth, -roso, ADJ. : scat- 
tered over with ashes. 

«e-netta {cena], F. : delicious little sup- 
per, -nina, P. : light supper. 

«ennaniella [L. calamus, reed], P. : pipe, 
wind instrument ; flageolet. 

«ennamot, M. : cinnamon. 

«enno [L. cinnusj, M. : nod, sign ; com- 

-ee-ndbio [Gr. koin6-bios, 'common-life"], 
M. : monastery, -nobita, M. : mojik 
(cenobite). -nobitico, adj. : cenobitic 

«enotafio [Gr. Mnos, empty, tdphos, 
tomb], M. : cenotaph. 

-eensalitof = cencioso. 

-een-simento, M. : census, -sito, adj. : 
taxable. ||«en-so [L. -sus (-sere, value)], 
M. : patrimony; rent (tribute); census. 
-sore, M. : censor (Roman magistrate; 
censor, of the press); critic, -soriaf, 
P. : censure, -sorio, ADJ. : censorious. 
-su&rio, ADJ.: ceusual ; taxable; M. : 
tenant (renter), -snatof, ADJ.: taxed. 
-sura, P. : censorship ; penance estab- 
lished by the sacred canons, -snrabile, 
ADJ. : censurable, -snrare, TR. : cen- 
sure, criticise, -snratore, M. : censurer. 

-een-taurea, P. : (bot.) centaury. Il-tan- 
ro [Gr. Mntauros], u. : centaur (fabulous 
monster ; constellation). 

-een-tellare, TR. : sip. -tellinare, 
freq. of -tellare. -tellino, M. : small 
sip : a -tellini, in sips. II -telle [-to], M.: 
small draught (sip). 

«en-tenario [-to], ADJ. : centenary (cen- 
tennial); M. : centennial, -t^simo, ADJ. : 
hundredth; M. : centime. -ti=grado, 
ADJ.: centigrade. -ti=gram.nio, M. : 
centigram. -ti= litre, M. : centiliter. 
-ti = niano, ADJ.: having a hundred 
hands. -ti=nietro, M. : centimeter. 

«6ntina [Fr. cintre], p. : (arch.) mould 
(support) for an arch. 

«entinaio, pi. -nai, -naia (f.) [cento], M. : 
hundred : a — , by hundreds, abundantly. 

«enti-nare [-na], TR.: arch (bend into 
an arch), -natura, p. : arching. 

«en-to [L. -turn], ADJ. : HUNDRED; many; 


M.: hundred; great number, -to^gambe 
[gamba], M. : galleyworm. -to-mila, 
ADJ.: hundred thousand; great many. 
-tosmilldsimo, adj. : hundred thou- 
sandth. -tonoMo, M. : centinody, knot- 
grass, -tone, M. : cento. -to=iioTelle 
[novella], u. : book composed of a hundred 

«en-trale, ADJ.: central. -tri = fngo 
[fugere, flee], adj. : centrifugal, -tri- 
naf, F. : seahog. -tri = poto [jjefere, 
seek], adj. : centripetal. ||«en-tro \h. 
-trujii], M. : centre, middle. 

eentumviro {L.-vir, 'hundred-man'], M. : 

^entn-plicare, TR. : centuplicate. ||«en- 
tu-plo [L. -plex], M. : centuple, hundred- 

«eiitarat =: cintura. 

-een-tdria [L. (-turn, 100)], P. : century 
(a hundred ; company of 100 men), -tu- 
rione, M. : centurion. 

«e-nd'e«ia [-no], -nnzzat, F. : poor 

«ep-paia, -pataf, F. : stump, -patel- 
lo, -perello, dim. of -po. -picone, 
M. : (jest.) head. ||«ep-po [L. cippus], 
M. : trunk (stump) ; block : — di Natale, 
yule-log; PL.: fetters. 

««-ra pj.], F. : wax ; wax-candle ; face 
(countenance): far buona — , be in good 
health ; make one welcome ; — di Spagna 
^-ralaeca. -raidlo,M.: chandler. -ra= 
laoca, F. : sealing-wax. 

«eraiiiellat = cenimmella. 

«e-rainica [Gr. keramos, earthenware], 
F. : ceramics, -ramico, ADJ. : ceramic. 

«erasat = ciliegia. 

eerasta [Gr. kerdstes, homed], F. : ce- 
rastes (homed viper). 

eerbaiaf, F. : forest of oaks. 

-eer-biatto, M. : fawn, -biattolino, 
M. : very young fawn ; timid person. 
Ik^T-biot [-vo], M. : stag. 

«erboiieca [?], F. : very bad wine, 

-eerbottana [Ar.], F. : tube; ear-trum- 
pett: sapere una cosa per — , know a 
thing indirectly. 

•cor-ca, F. : search. -ca=brtg7i.e [briga], 
M., INVAR. : quarrelsome fellow. ||-capo 
[L. circare, go about], tr. : search (seek); 
inquire, -oata, p. : search, -catore, 
M. : searcher ; inquirer, -catnraf, F. : 

«e]vcMa, P. : circle of walls about a city. 
-cTiiaio, M. : cooper. -cMamontot, 
M. : hooping. -cMare, tr. : encircle, 
hoop. -oTiiatnTa, P. : hooping, -chiel- 
limo, M. : very small circle. -cMello, 
-cMetto, M.: small circle. ||«er-cfeio 
[eircolo], M. : CIRCLE; hoop; small ear- 
ring; ring; assemblage; garlandf. -ofcio- 



lino, M. : small circle or hoop. -oTiio- 
ne, aug. of -chio. «er-«ine, M. : por- 
ter's head-cushion ; padded cap. -co f = 
-chio. -con«ellot, M. : cress, -cone, 
M. : turned wine, -cuitof = circuito. 

«ereale [L. -lis (Ceres)], adj. : cereal. 

€epe-bellot, M. : cerebellum, -brale, 
adj. : cerebral. H-eere-bro [L. -brum], 
M. : cerebmm (brain). 

«erenio. . ^ cerimo. . 

«e-reo [-ra], ADJ.: cereous (waxen); M. : 
wax-candle. -reria, P. : chandler's 
shop, -retta, P. : tube of hair-wax. 

«erfa£rlio [L. ccere-folium], M. : chervil 
(plant) ; loose lock of hairf. 

«eri-ni6nia [L. (cerus, god)], P. : rite 
(ceremony); formality (politeness), -mo- 
niale, ADJ. : ceremonial ; M. : ceremo- 
nial; book of ceremonies, -moniere, 
M. : master of ceremonies, -moniosa- 
mente, ADV. : ceremoniously, -monio- 
so, ADJ. : ceremonious. 

«eTino [cerffi], M. : taper, tube of hair- 

-eerin-ta [L. -tha]. P., -to, M. : honey- 

«er-nat, P. : choice ; worthless fellow. 
-neccfoiaref, INTR. : freq. of -nere. 

eer-neccMo [?], M. : disordered lock of 
hair. -neccTiiona, F., -neccTiioue, M.: 
person with disordered hair. 

«eTneret, TR. : choose ; sift ; discern. 

«erniera [Fr. cerne (L. circus, circle)], 
p. : hinge. 

-eernitore \_cernere], M. : sifter. 

«e-rD [L. -reus], M. : large wax candle. 
-rona, P.: fl'g. of -ra; large fat face. 
-roso, ADJ iraxy. -rottino, dim. of 
-ro. -potto [Gr. kerotds], M. : cerate 
(unctuous plaster); botch-work; languid 

«erpell. .f = scerpell. . 

«eTrac-cMdlo [cerro], M. : young bitter 

. oak. -chione, M. : large or old oak. 

-eerretano [?], M. : charlatan, cheat. 

«erro [L. cerrus], M. : cerria (bitter oak). 

-eertame [L. -men], M. : (poet.) combat. 

-eer-tamente [-to], ADV. : certainly. 
-tamentof = accertamento. -tanof, 
ADJ. : certain. 

«ertaret, INTR. : fight, contend. 

«er-tezza, P. : certainty ; assurance, -ti- 
ficamento, M. : certification, -tifica- 
re, tr. : assure, certify, -tificato, M. : 
certificate, -tiflcazionef, P. : certifica- 
tion. Il-cer-to [L. -tus], adj. : certain, 
assured ; m. : some one ; adv. : certainly, 
in truth '; al — , di — , pel , certainly. 

eerto-sa [Fr. Chartreuse, first place], F. : 
Carthusian monastery, -sino, adj. : Car- 
thusian ; M. : Carthusian monk. 

•eertwui [eerto uno], pron., m. pl. : some. 



«eru«'eia, F. : diip. of -ra; unhealthy 

-eerd-leo [L. cceruleus], -eera-lo, adj. : 
(poet.) cerulean (sky-blue). 

«erunte [-ra\, M. : cerumen (earwax). 

«e-rnsiat = chirurgia. -rusioo ^= chi- 

«erns8at, F. : ceruse, white lead. 

«erva [-ko], f. : hind. 

«ervel-la'e«io, M.: madcap, -lagginef, 
p. : caprice, freak, -lata, F. : 'sausage 
containing pig's brains, spices, etc. -let- 
to, M. : part back of the brain ; freakish 
personf. -liera. P.: casque, -linaggi- 
ne t, F. : foolishness, -lino, M. : little 
brain ; giddy person ; adj. : freakish, hare- 
brained. ||oervel-lo' \h. cerebellum], 
M. : brain ; intellect, -lone, M. : great 
brain ; {fig.) obstinate fellow, -lotica- 
mente, ADV. : fantastically, -lotico, 
ADJ.: fantastic. -luto, adj.: (jesi.) 
brained, -luzzo, M. : giddy person. 

cer-vetta [-»o], F. : young hind, -vet- 
tino, -vetto, M. : young stag. «er-via, 
pop. for -va. -Tiatto, M. : fawn. 

•cervi«o \L. -vix], F. : cervix, neck. 

■cer-vi6pet, M. : lynx. ||-viero [L. -tia- 
rius\, adj. : of the lynx, lynx-. 

«er-vietto, M.: young stag, -vino, adj.: 
of the stag. «6r-vio = -vo. -viotto, 
M.: rather large stag. W-eer-vo \h. -vus], 
M. : stag. 

«erv6gia [L. cervisia], P. : (Jest.) beer. 

«erzio'-rare [L. certior, more certain], 
TR. : give notice (of a legal proceeding); 
instruct ; asCEETAiN ; assure ; kepl. : as- 
sure one's self, -razionef, P. : notice ; 

«esa-reo [L. Cwsar], ADJ.: Csesarean (im- 
perial), -rismo, M. : Csesarism. 

«esarie [L. cwsaries], P. : long, loose hair. 

«esel-lainento, M. : chiseling, -lare, 
TR. : chisel, sculpture. -latore, M. : 
worker with the chisel, sculptor, -la-, 
tnra, P. : chisel work, -letto, -lino, 
M. : small chisel. ||«esel-lo [L. cwdere, 
c<BS-, cut], M. : chisel, graver. 

«6siot, ADJ. : blue-eyed. 

•ee - soiata, P. : blow or cut with scis- 
sors. ||-s6i6 \L. cwdere, cut], F. PL. : 
SCISSORS, -soiette, P. PL. -seine, F. 
FL. : small scissors, -soione, P. PL. : 
big shears. -soidc-ee, P. : wretched 
little scissors. 

-eespioaref = ineespicare. 

-ees-pite Pj. ccespes], M. : (poet.) = cespo. 
«6b-po, M. : heap of grass, etc. ; turf. 
-pngliatof, ADJ. : made of shrubs, -pu- 
glietto, M. : small shrub, -■pv.glio, 
M. : shrub, bush, -pn^rlioso, ADJ. : full 
of bushes. 

-cessagidnef, F. : cessation. 


-cessamef, M. : filth ; scum of the people, 

ees-samentof, M. : cessation, -sante, 
PART, of -sare ; M.f : debtor, -sare [L. 
(eedere, withdraw)], intr. : CEASE ; re- 
movet; escapef. -sazi6ne. P.: cessa- 
tion, -ees-si, FRET, of eedere. -siona- 
rio, M. : one who has surrendered his 
effects, bankrupt, -sione, P. : cession 
(surrender of property). ||-ees-soi, PART, 
of eedere; M. : cessation. 

«esso2 [secesso], M. : water-closet; ex- 
crement, dung. 

-ee-sta [Gr. kiste, 'chest'], p.: basket 
(hamper); basket carriage, -stale, M. : 
basket -maker, -stellaf, dim. of -sta. 
-stellino, dim. of -stello. -stello, M. : 
small basket, fishing basket, -stina, 
dim. of -sta. -stinare, TR. : throw 
into the waste-basket, -stino, M.: small 
basket; fishing basket; go-cart, -stire 
= accestire. ce-ste i , M. : bushy head, 
tuft of plants, etc. 

-eesto 2 [L. ccestus], M. : cestus (gauntlet 
of Roman boxers); cestus-play. 

-eesto 3 [L- -tus], M. : girdle ; girdle of 

-ee-stone [sta], M. : big basket (hamper). 
-stuto, ADJ.: tufted; bushy. 

-eesura [L. caesura (ccedere, cut)], F. : cse- 
sura (pause in a verse). 

-eeta-eeo [L. -tus], adj. : cetaceous ; M. : 

«etera i [L. cithara], P. : cithern Oyre). 

cetera (e — ) = eccetera. 

-eete-ratoref, -ristaf, M. : cithern-player. 
-rizzare, INTR. : play on the cithern. 

eeto I [L. C(£thus\ M. ; order (class of 

-cetof 2, M. : whale. 

-eetra = cetera. 

-eetriolo [L. citrus"], M. : cucumber; ninny. 

c?i.e I -e [L. querti], pron. : who, whom ; 
which, that; what? adj.: which, what; 
CONJ. : that ; than ; as : — che or -che, 
whatever, cft-e 2 -e, interj. : what! (exel. 
of doubt, scorn, etc.), why I — .' — .' im- 
possible! c7ie3 -e, CONJ.: abbrev. of 
perche, poicM, affincM: because (since); 
in order that (that); adv.: till (until). 

c7ie=c7t.e e, PRON.: whatever. =ch.e=ssia, 
pron. : anything whatever. 

cTielidrof, M. : poisonous sea-serpent. 

cTielonitef, P. : toadstone. 

o7i,en-tet, ADJ. : what(ever). -tnnqnef, 
ADJ. : whatever. 

cTiepi [Fr. kepi], M. : 'kepi' (mil. parade 


cTteppia [L. elipea], p. : shad fish. 
c7iercat =^ cherica. 
o?i.ereret, TR. : seek, desire. 
o7i6ri-ca, p. : tonsure, -odlet, ADJ. : 


clerical, -cato, M. : clergy. -oTietto, 
-cfiino, dim. of -co. oheri - co [L. 
clericus, clerk], M. : CLERGYman, priest. 
-cu««io, disp. of -CO. -onto, adj.: one 
that wears the .tonsure, -ouzzo = -cuc- 
cio. -siaf, P. : clergy. 

cher-mes [Ar.], M. : ohermes (kind of 
insect used as a dye), -misi, M. : CRIM- 
SON, -misino, adj. : crimson coloured ; 
M. : crimson. 

cTiern-bioo, ADJ. : cherubic. H-rnbino 
[Heb.], M. : cherub. 

oTiestaf = chiesta. 

oTie-tamentet, ADV. : quietly ; secretly. 
-tanzaf, F. : quittance ; calm from storm. 
'tare, TR. : quiet ; repl. : become quiet, 
grow calm, -tozzaf, P. : quiet, -tino, 
M. : quiet little fellow. ||cfe6-to [L. quie- 
tus], ADJ. : QUIET ; silent : — — , very 
quietly, -tonef, adv. : very silent. 

oheunqnet = chiunque. 

chi \L. quis}, pron. : who, whom, whoever. 

cMaochie-ra [Fr. claque], P. : chat (idle 
talk) ; false saying ; chattering woman. 
-ramentof, M. : chat, -rare, INTR. : 
chat (babble) ; mumble, -rata, P. : chat- 
ting ; tiresome talk, -ratore, M. : chat- 
terer, -rinai, P.: chatter (babbling). 
-rina2, p., -rino, M. : prattler (chatter- 
box), -rio, M. : confused chatter (bab- 
ble), -rona. P., -rone, M. : big talker ; 
gossip. cUaccMUaref, INTR. : waste 
time in chattering. 

cMa-ma, F. : calling the roll, calling off 
names, -mamentot, M. : calling; ap- 
peal. Il-mare [L. clamare, 'claim'], tr.: 
call ; call to ; name ; repl. : be named. 
-mata, P. : calling ; electionf. -mato- 
re, M. : one that calls or appeals, -ma- 
zionef, P. : calling. 

cManat, P. : swamp (marsh). 

cA.iantaret, TR. : deceive. 

ohiap-pa, P. : CAPTure (catch) ; acquisi- 
tion (gain). Il-paro [L. capere], TR. : 
(pop.) CATCH (snatch); surprise, chiap- 
polaf, P.: trifle; frivolous man. -pola- 
ref, TR. : snatch; discard, -poleriaf 
= -la. -polino, M. : (jest.) worthless 
man. oTiiappo-lot, M. : mass of trifles. 

cMa-ra,F.: white of an egg. -ramente, 
ADV. : clearly; faithfuUyf. -raref, TR. : 
make clear, -rata, P. : beaten whites of 
eggs used for bruises, etc. -relief, M. : 
wine with much water, -retto, ADJ. : 
rather clear, -rezza. P.: clearness, 
brightness. -rifioaro,TE.: clarify, clear. 
-rificazione, P., -rimentof, M.: clari- 
fication, clearing, -rinaf, P., -rinot, M. : 
clarion, -rire, TR. : make clear; explain. 
-rissimo, ADJ. : most or very clear; title 
given to men of letters, -rita, P. : clear- 
ness, splendour; explanation, -ritore, 



M. : one who clears ; explainer, -ritdra, 
P. :■ clarification. II -ro [L. clarus], adj. : 
CLEAR (bright, sparkling; evident); adv.: 
clearly ; M.f: light, -rore, M. : bright 
light in a dark place. -ro=scnro, M. : 
(paint.) chiaroscuro. -rosof, adj.; 
(jest.) clear. -ro=veg^enza Iveggenza, 
sight], P. : clairvoyance. 

cTtiassaiudlof, M. : trench (ditch). 

oMassata [chiasso], P. : noise, clatter; 
loud cries ; jest, joke. 

cTi-iassatellot = chiassolo. 

jchiaasoi [L. classicum, trumpet sound], 
M. : noise (uproar); jest. 

ch.ias-so2f [Ger.jasse], M,: alley; brothel. 
-solo, M. : narrow street, alley. 

oTtias-sone [-so], M. : noisy person, -soso, 
ADJ. : noisy. 

ch.iat-ta, P.: ferry boat, ||-to [dial, 
form of piatto], adj. : flattened, crushed. 

cJ^ia-vae-eio [-to], m. : large bolt, -va- 
cuoref, M. : gold or silver clasp, -vaiof, 
-vaiuolo, M.: turnkey; locksmith, -var- 
da, P.: screw-bolt, -vardare, TR. : 
bolt, -vardetta, dim. of -varda. -varof 
= -vaio. 

chia-vB [L. olavis (clan-, close)], p. : key; 
tuning-key; stop-cock; (mus.) clep: sante 
-vi, pontifical coat of arms ; pontifical au- 

c'lia-vellare, TE. : nail, -vellataf, 
p. : hurt from a nail, -vellof, M. : nail. 
-verina, P. : javelin. 

cMavetta, P.: dim. of -ve; valve; key 
of a flute, etc. 

c/^ia-vica [L. clavaca (cf . cloaca)], P. : 
common sewer, drain, -vicfoetta, -vi- 
cMna, P. : dim. of -vica. 

cMa-vi«ina [-we], -vina. P.: small key. 

cTiia-vistellino, M. : small bolt, -vi- 
stello, M. : bolt. H-vof [L. clavus 
(elau-, close)], m. : nail. 

chiaz-za [Ger. kletz], p. : scab, -zato, 
ADJ. : scabby. 

cTiic-ca [-co], P. : sweetmeat (confection). 
-caio, M. : seller of sweetmeats. 

cA.icc7i.e-ra [Sp.yicara (Mexie.)], P. : small 
cup for coffee and chocolate, -retta, P.: 
very small cup. -rdue, M.: large cup. 

cTiiccTiessiat, PRON. : whoever. 

chicchi - riata, F. : continued crowing. 
11-ricft.i [echoic], M. : crowing of the 
cock, -rillaref, INTR. : jest, trifle away 
one's time. 

cTiicco [Gr. kikkos, husk], M. : grain (seed). [L.qucerere, seek], IRR.§; TR.: 
ask (beg, reQUEST). -dimentof, M. : de- 
mand ; petition, -ditore, M., -ditri«e, 
P. : petitioner. 

§ Ind. : Pres, reg. or ckiig-go ; -g-o»o. Pret. 
ckii-si, -se ; -sero. Subj. : Pres. reg. or chi^g- 
ga, etc. Part, chihto. — Poet, forms chUg- 
gio, -gidmo, -giotio ; chiiggia, etc. 

94 ohieggia 

oMeggiat, F. : precipice. 

cTiiereref = chiedere. 

o/iierica and deriv. = cherica and deriv. 

ehie-sa. [L. eeelesia], F. : church, -setta, 
F., -settina, dim. of -sa. -si««idla, 
disp. dim. of -sa. -sina, -sino, -sola, 
dim. of -sa. -sona, -sane, aug. of -sa 
(-sone esp. of large, simple structure). 

c7(.ie-8ta [-dere], F. : request, petition. 
-sto, PART, of -dere. 

ohie-STL-e-eia [-sa], F., -sdoola, F. : small 
ugly church. 

cTtilidrof = chelidro. 

Dhili-teTo, ADJ.: chyliferous. -fica- 
mentof, M. : = -ficazione. -ficaref, 
INTR. : chylify, form chyle, -ficazione, 
P.: (med.) chylification. ||ch.ilo [Gr. chu- 
Usl, M. : chyle. 

c/ii-logrammo [Gr. chilioi, thousand, 
gramme, gram], M. : kilogram, -lolitro 
[Gr. litra, pound], M. : kiloliter. -lome- 
tro [Gr. metron, measure], M. : kilometer. 

cM-mera [Gr. chimaira, she-goat], P. : 
chimera (fabulous monster) ; wild fancy 
(illusion), -mericamente, ADV. : chi- 
merically. -merico, adj. : chimerical. 
-merizzaret, INTR.: indulge in wild fan- 
cies, -merizzatoref, M. : visionary. 

c7t.imi-ca [Gr. chumia (-mos, juice)], P. : 
chemistry, -camente, ADV.: chemically. 
chimi-co, ADJ. : chemical ; M. : chemist. 

cTiina I , — china [China'], P. : quinine. 

chi-aa 2, p., -namentof, M. : incline 
(slope). Il-nare [L. clinare], tb. : in- 
CLINE (bend) ; lower ; bow ; eepl. : bend 
(stoop), -nataf, p. : declivity, -nata- 
meutet, ADV. : in curves, -natezzaf, 
F. : cnrvity. -naturaf, P. : inclination. 

cTiin-ca^lie [Pr. quineaille (? ak. to 
Eng. clink)], P. PL. : ironware, hardware. 
-casrliere, M. : ironmonger, hardware 
merchant, -caglieria, F. : hardware 

cMncTiesiaf, PRON. : whoever. 

ehinehinaf = chinachina. 

c/iineaf, P. : ambling nag. 

ch.inino [china], M. : quinine. 

China [-nare], adj. : bent (inclined) ; cast 
down ; M.f : declivity. 

«Mdo-oat, P.: blow. ||-care [eloc, 
echoic], INTR. : crack, swing (a whip); tr. : 
beat, cuff. 

cTiioooTtettat, P. : small clump or tuft. 

c/«-eia, P. : brooding hen. ||-«iare 
[L. glocire, echoic], intr. : cluck. -«ia- 
ta, P. : brood of young chicks. 

c/ii6€«iot, adj. : sick (indisposed). 

chio^-eto-la, [L. coclea], P. : snail ; screw- 
holet : scala a — , spiral staircase, -laio, 
M. : one that seeks snails, -letta, -Una, 
p., -lino, M., dim. of -la; twist, -lona, 
p., -16ne, M.: aug. of -la; old-style watch. 


oMoooo [echoic eloc], m. : crack of a 

cA^io-daia, P. : nail mould. -dai61o, 
M. : nailmaker. -dame, M. : assortment 
of nails, -daref = inchiodare. -deria, 
p. : forge where nails are made ; assort- 
ment of nails, -detto, M. : small nail. 
Ilo/iid-do [L. elavus (eland-, close)], m. : 
nail : averfisso il — , be determined. 

c/iid-ma [L. coma], P. : hair ; head of 
hair ; lion's mane ; leaves of trees ; tail 
of a COMET, -mate, adj. : (poet.) hairy. 

cMo-sa [Gr. glossa, tongue, language], 
F. : gloss (comment) ; spot, -sare, TR. : 
gloss, explain, -satore, M., -satri«e, 
p. : commentator, explainer. 

cMosco [Turk.], M. : kiosk (summer house); 
small booth. 

cfeio-straf = -stro. -stretto, -strino, 
M. : small court or garden. WehiA-atro 
[h. elaustrum (claud-, close)], M.: cloister 
(covered court of a convent ; convent). 

c/iiotto [?], ADJ. : silent (taciturn, re- 

cTiio-varet ^ inehiodare. -vatdraf 
= inchiodatura. -vellof, cft.i6-vo'|' = 

chir- [Gr. cheir, hand] : -agra [Gr. dgra, 
seizure)], p. : chiragra (gout in the hand). 
-agrico f, ADJ. : chiragrlcal. -ogra- 
fario, M. : creditor or debtor by virtue of 
a chirograph ; adj. : chirographio(al). 
-ografo [Gr. grdphein, write], M. : chiro- 
graph (bond under one's own hand). 
-omantef, M. : chiromancer, -oman- 
ziaf, F. : chiromancy (palmistry), -nr- 
gia [ergon, work], p.: surgery, -nrgi- 
camente, ADV. : surgically, -urgioo, 
ADJ. : surgical, -nrgo, M. : surgeon. 

cJiisciaref, TR. : weed, hoe. 

c^issisia [chi si sia], PRON. : whosoever. 

c/iitaref, TR. : quit ; abandon. 

c7utar-ra [Gr. kithdra], p. : guitar. 
-rina, -rino, dim. of -ra. -rista, M. : 
guitar-player, -rone, aug. of -ra. 

ohiii [echoic], M. : homed owl. 

cMnocTiinrlaia [echoic], p. : confused 

cTiin-d^nda, p. : enclosure; hedge. ||oMu- 
dere [L. claudere], irr.§ ; tr. : close 
(shut up ; finish, stop), -dimentof, M. : 
enclosing ; enclosure. 

§ Fret, chili-si, -se; -sero. Part, chiuso. 

cMunqne [L. quv-cmnque], pron. : who- 

cTiidr-la, p. : foolish, trifling woman. 
-lare, INTR.: hoot as the owl. ||-lo 
[chiiL], M. : small owl ; curlew ; bird- 
catching (with owls, bird-lime, etc.); 
simpleton. P.: enclosure; close (end of a 
letter, etc.). -samentef, adv. : secret- 


ly. -si, PRBT. of -dere. -sino, M. : 

stopper, lid, cover. ||-so, part, of -dere: 

closed ; enclosed ; (fig.) reserved ; M. : 

enclosure, -sura, p. : close of schools, 

etc.; lockf. 

€l [L. eecu hie, 'to here'], adv.: here, 
there ; pron. : us, to us. 

■eiat. P., INVAR. : tea. 

«ia-1)a, M. : cobbler. H-Tiatta [?], P.: 
house-shoe (slipper); old shoe; jaded 
woman, -hattaioi =^ -battino. -bat- 
tata, F. : blow with a shoe, -battieref, 
-battino, M. ; cobbler. -battinu««io, 
disp. of -battino. 

ei&cchB [echoic], M. : crack, cracking 

«iao-o7terino,M.: insolent youth. H-ei&c- 
c/tero [ciaecd], M. : insolent, ill-bred per- 

ciae-eiare [-che], intr. : talk without 
understanding ; chatter. -«iiio, M. : 
foolish talker, chatterer. 

«iaoeot, M. : hog ; adj. : dirty, slovenly. 

«ial-da [Fr. chaude (L. calidus, warm)], 
F. : small cake ; wafer, -donaio, M. : 
wafer seller, -done, M. : cornet-formed 

«ialtr6-na, P. [geldrone (aug. otgeldra)], 
-no, M.: slovenly, vile person; rogue, -no- 
pia, P. : slovenliness ; vile deed. 

«iam-bella [?], P. : round cake ; roll. 
-bellaia, P.j -bellaio, M. : cake-seller. 
-belletta, -bellina, dim. of bella. 

«iainbell6ttot = cammellotto. 

«iainber-Ianato, M. : chamberlainship. 
Il-lano [OFr. chamber -lain, 'chamber- 
ling'], M. : CHAMBERLAIN. 

«ianibo-lare [L.* clamulare (clamare, 
shout)], INTR. : talk much nonsense, tell 
foolish stories, -lie, M. : foolish talker. 
-lone, M. : foolish talker. 

«{anunengolat, F- : trifle. 

-eiam-panellaf, ll-panelle, F. : in dare 
in -panelle, make a slip ; do foolish things. 
Il-paret [zampa], intr. : stumble, -pi- 
care, INTR. : stumble, trip, -picone, 
M. : stumbler. 

eta-na [?], P. : ill-bred woman, -nata, 
p. : act of an ill-bred woman. 

of -cia. |{«ian-eia [echoic], P. : nonsen- 
sical talk (fiddlef addle), idle story; trifle 
(worthless thing). -eia=fpusoolo, P. 
PL. : trifles (worthless things ; fooleries). 
-eiamentof, M. : prating; trifling. 
-eiare, INTR. : tell foolish stories ; prate : 
trifle, -eiatore, M., -«iatri€e. P.; 
idle talker, trifler. -eicare, INTR. : ^stut- 
ter ; drawl ; eat or work slowly, -eierof, 
ADJ. : prattling, -ciolinat, dim. of -cia. 
-eione, M. : great talker or trifler ; ri- 
bald, -eiosamentef, ADV. : in jest. 



-«i6sot, ADJ. : prating ; trifling, -ein- 
gliare, TR. : mumble, talk indistinctly ; 
INTR. : stammer, -frusaglia = cian- 

eiangot-tare [? L. singultare, hiccup], 
INTR. : pronounce badly ; talk as a child. 
-tio, M. : jabbering (indistinct talk). 

eianiua [ciano2], p. : cyanin, blue colour- 
ing matter of flowers. 

«iano I [-»a], M. : ill-bred man. 

'eiano2 [Gr. Manos, dark blue], M. : blue- 
bottle (corn-flower). 

«ian-ta [? pianta], P. : sole (of the foot). 
-tella, P. : house shoe, slipper ; (jest.) 
too large a shoe. 

«iappe-r6net, F. : chaperon (hood). 
-rittot, M. : mantle, cloak. 

«iappo-la [Fr. echoppe (Ger. schUppe, 
SHOVEL)], M. : flat graver, -letta, dim. 
of -la. 

«iara-mellat. P.: = eennamella; big 
talker, babbler. -mellare, INTR.: 
chatter; trifle. 

«{ar-la, P. : idle talk, gossip, ll-lare 
[disp. of parlare], INTR. : chatter (prattle, 
gossip), -lata, F. : continued chatter. 

«iarla-tanata, P. : trick, deceit, -ta- 
neria. P.: charlatanism, -tanesoo, 
ADJ. . quaokish. -tanismo, M. : charla^ 
tanism. ||-tano [? ciarlare], M. : char- 
latan (mountebank). 

«iar-lat6re l-lare], M. : prattler (big 
talker), -leriaf, P. : chatter, -liere, 
-liero, ADJ.: talkative, gossipy. -16ne, 
M. : babbler (big talker). 

ciar - pa [? 1. Ger. sehrap, pocket], P. : 
scarf; light wrap; baldric; old worn-out 
gown, -pame, M. : old clothes, pile oi 
rags, -paref, INTR.: bungle, -petta, 
-pettina, P. : small light scarf, -pie- 
ret, -pone, M. : bungler. 

«iasc(/ied)uno [L. quisque unus], pbon.: 
each one, every one. 

«i-balet, ADJ. : pertaining to food, nutri- 
tive, -bamentof, M. : food, nutriment. 
-bare, TR. : nourish, feed ; repl. : eat, 
nourish one's self, -baria, P. : victuals, 
food in general, -bario, ADJ. : cibarious, 
pertaining to food, -bazionef, P. : nour- 
ishing one's self. II -bo [L. -bus], u.: 
food (nourishment), -bfirio, M. : cibo- 
rium (case containing the host). -b6sot, 
ADJ. : fruitful. 

«ibreo [?], M. : giblet, ragout. 

«ica [L., bits, trifles], P. : a bit (the slight- 
est thing): non... — , not a bit, nothing. 
«ica-dat [L.], -la. P.: cicada (kind of 
locust); tiresome prater, -laio, M. : 
noisy place, -lamentof, M. : chatter- 
ing, -lare, INTR.: chatter (babble). 
-lata, F. : babbling (tiresome talk), -la- 
topof, M. : prater, -latoriof, adj, ; 



chattering, -leecio, M., -lariaf, F. : 

chattering, hum of voices, -lina, P., 
-lino, M. : dim. of -la; prattler (chat- 
terer), -lio, M. : chatter, confused buzz 
of voices, -lona, F., -lone, M. : gossip. 

«ica-tri«e [L. -trix], F. : cicatrice (scar); 
fraud f. -trizzare, inte. : cicatrize. 
-trizzazione, F. : cicatrization. 

«ic-ca [cica], p.: cigar stub. -caidlo,M. : 
gatherer of cigar stubs. 

«iccantdnet, M. : buffoon. 

-eiccTi'erat = chicchera. 

ei-e-eia [? L. in-sicia (root sec, cut), 
minced meat], F. : (child, or jest.) meat ; 
flesh : far — , slay, murder, eie-eiolo, 
M. : small bit of bacon ; proud flesh in a 
wound, -eione, M. : fat man ; tumour 
(boil)t. -eioso, ADJ. : plump. 

«i«erbita [L. cicer, CHiCKpea], F. : herb 
used in salads. -cBTchia, P. : lathyrus 
sativus (sort of vegetable). 

■eice-ro [L. Cicero], M. : pica type (in 
which Cicero was first printed), -rona, 
F. : learned woman, -rone, M. : (Jig.) big 
talker, wiseacre; cicerone, guide, -ro- 
niano, ADJ. : Ciceronian. 

■cic/iinot, M. : very little. 

-ei-eifrnaf, F. : small lizard. 

«i'ei-s'beat,F.: coquette. -sliearet,lNTR.: 
play the gallant, -sbeatof, M.: gallantry. 
Il-sbeo [?], M. : cicisbeo (gallant). 

«ic-lico, ADJ. : cyclic. ||-lo [Gr. huklos, 
circle], M. : cycle, -loide, P. : cycloid. 
-lone, M. : cyclone, wind storm. 

«icl6pe \<jr. kukl-ops, 'round-EYED'], M. : 
Cyclop (one-eyed giant). 

«ic6-£rua [L. -nid\, P. : stork ; beam of a 
bellf. -£ruino, M. : young stork. 

«i-cora«eo, ADJ.: extracted from chic- 
ory; chicory-. |i-c6ria [Gr. iicAora], P. : 

-eicuta [L.], F. : cicuta, hemlock. 

«iec. .f = cec. . 

eielo pj. ccEZam], M. : sky; heaven; atmos- 

«i-ferat, F., ||-fra [Ar.], F. : cipher ; sum 
(amount); device (monogram), -fraref, 
TR. : sign with one's initials. 

«i-glio, pi. -gli or -glia \L. -Hum, eyelid], 
M. : eyebrow; eye, face; wink, nod; edge, 
embankment ; grassy rampart ; PL. : view. 
-Crlionare, TR. : embank, -^lione, M. : 
raised edge of a ditch, embankment, bank. 
-glixLto, ADJ. : heavy-eyebrowed. 

«i£rna [cinghial, F. : girth (cingle): U 
eigne delta carrozza, springs of a coach ; 
esser sulle eigne, be ill or be out of funds. 

«i£rnale, more pop. than cinghiale. 

«i-(7nata [-gna], P. : blow with a girth. 
-cyneref = cingere. 

■eig^o [L. cygnus], M. : swan ; poet. 

«i£rn6ne [cignal, M. : large girth. 


eigo-lamento, M. : creaking. ||-Iare 
[?], INTE. : creak, rattle (as wheels), -lio, 
M. : continued creaking. 

ei-golof, -gnlot> ADJ. : little. 

«ilecca [?], P. : trick. 

«ilestrinot = eelesiino, 

■ei-li«€inot, ADJ. : of haircloth, -li-e- 
«iot, -li«iot, M. : haircloth. 

-ei-liegfa [L. cerasa], F. : cheery, -lie- 
giaio', M. : cherry seller, -lidg^o, M. : 
cherry-tree ; cherry wood, -liegiona, 
aug. of -liegia. 

«i-lindretto, M. : small cylinder, -lin- 
dricamente, ADV. : cylindrically. -lin- 
drico, ADJ. : cylindrical. ||-lindro [Gr. 
kUlindros], m. : cylinder ; roller. 

-eilizio [Oilicia, in Asia Minor], M. : cilice 
(haircloth worn by penitents) ; torment 

-ei-ma [L. cyma, cabbage sprout]. P.: top 
(summit); eminence, -mare, TE. : shear 
(cloth); cut offf, lop. -masa, P. : (arch.) 
cyma (moulding), -masetta, -masina, 
dim. of -masa. -mata, P. : cloth-shear- 
ing, -matore, M. : cloth shearer, -ma- 
tura, p. : cloth-shearing ; shearings of 
cloth, -maziof := -masa. 

fsimbaf, F. : bark, boat. 

«inibalot = cembalo^. 

-eimbellaref, intr. : fall. 

«imberli [cimhalo\ : in — , in high spirits 
(merry; tipsy). 

<!im-bottolapet,INTE.: fall down, -bot- 
tolof, M. : tumble. 

«imbraccola [echoic], F. : slut. 

«inie-Iio, -lie [Gr. keimilion (root kei-j 
lie), treasure], M. : valuable relic (an- 

«imen-ta«'eio, disp. of -to. -tare, TR. : 
(fig.) risk, try; refl. : prove one's self. 
-tatore, M. : one that tries. ||«imen- 
to [?], M.: risk (trial, proof), -toso, adj. : 

«inii-ee [L. cimex], p. : bedbug, -eiaio, 
M. : place full of bugs. -«i6ne, M. : big 
bug. -eioso, ADJ. : infested with bugs. 

■ci-mieret, ll-miero [-ma], M. : crest of 
a helmet. 

eimino [L. cuminum], M. : cumin (plant). 

«iini-teriot, ll-tero [Gr. koim^terioii 
(koimdn, sleep)], M. : cemetery (church 
yard); silent place. 

ei-molo [-ma], M. : head of greens. -m6- 
sa, F. : selvage of cloth. 

«iniurro [Gr. kumorrhous], M. : glanders. 

«ina-brese, ADJ.. cinnabarine; M. : cin- 
nabar. Ilcina-bro [Gr. kinndbari], M. : 
cinnabar, vermillion. 

ein-eia [echoic], -ei=allegra, p. : tit- 

ein-ei^rHof, M. : belt. -«innot, M.: 
ringlet, lock of hair. 


«ln-«isc7(iare [?], TR. : liack 
mumble ; intr. : dawdle. -eisoTtiof, m. : 
hacking; shred. -eiscTiione, M. : daw- 

«ineinat6grafa [Gr. kinetos, movable, 
grdphein, write], M. : kinetoscope. 

«ine-rario [L. -rarius\, adj. : cinerary. 
-riziot, ADJ. : ash-coloured. 

«ingallegTa = ciiiciallegra. 

■ein - gere [L.], IEE.§ ; TR. : gird ; sur- 
round] enclose, oiu-g/iia [L. -gulum], 
p. : girth, cingle. 

§ Pret. cin-sif -se ; -sera. Part, cinia. 

cingMale [L. singnlaris, lone], M. : wild 

«in-g7iiare't', TR. : gird ; enclose, -ghia- 
tnrat. P.: girding. ein-gTiiof, M. : 
circle. II cin - golo \L. -gulurri], M. : 
girdle, belt ; ciNCture. 

«ingiiet-tare [ak. to ciangottare], intr. : 
lisp J mumble (mutter); chirp, -tatore, 
M. : lisper; mumbler. -teria, f. : lisping; 
mumbling ; chit-chat, -tiera, F., -tiere, 
M. : lisper; chatterer. 

cini-camente, ADV. : cynically. ||«iiii- 
co [Gr. knn-ikos, dog-like], adj. : cynical; 
M. : cynic. 

«iiiigia [L. cinisia\, F. : cinder (ember). 

eini^lia [Fr. chenille], F. : chenille. 

«iiu8ino \cvnico\, M. : cynicism. 

einna-mof, -momo [Gr. -momoTi], M. : 

«inot, M. : kind of plum. 

«mo-gldssa[Gr.i:i2oii,dog,^2ogsa, tongue], 
F. : hound's-tongue (plant), -suraf, F. : 
(oMt.) cynosure (in Little Bear). 

«in-qnanta, ADJ.: fifty, -qaantesimo, 
ADJ.: fiftieth, -qaantina, f.: about fifty. 
Il-que \L.quinque\,kS}.: five, -quecen- 
tista, ADJ. : belonging to the sixteenth 
century ; M. : person of the sixteenth cen- 
tury. -qne=€eiito, ADJ. : five hundred ; 
M. : il — , sixteenth century. -que=f6fflie 
[foglia], M. : cinquefoil (plant). -qne= 
mUa, ADJ.: five thousand, -quenniot, 
M.: space of five years. -que=remo, F.: 
quiaquereme. -qnina, F.: five (at dice). 
-qnino, M. : five-cent coin. 

«in-si, pret. of -gere. -ta, P.: enclosure, 
circumference; girdlef. -tino,M.: priest's 
tunic. II -to i-gere\, part., adj. : girded ; 
M.: girdle, cincture, cin-tola, P.: waist; 
girdle, -tolimo, dim. of -tolo. cin- 
tolo, M. : string ; g;arter, band ; list of 
cloth, -tnra, P. : cincture ; sash, -tn- 
retta, dim. of -tura. -turino,^ M. : 
small cincture; narrow belt, -turono, 
M. : leather belt. 

«id [L. ecce hoc, ' lo this '], pRON. : this, that. 

-eiocca [Ger. schock, bunch]. P.: bunch (of 
flowers, etc.), tuft. 

«iocch.e -e {do cAe], peon. : that which. 



«iocc7iet-ta, -tina, P. : small bunch or 
tuft. ||«i6cco [Ger. schock, bunch], M. : 
stump, log of wood ; (Jig.) blockhead. 

«iocoo-lata [Sp. chocolate (ak. to cac- 
caos)], P.: chocolate, -latiere, m.: choc- 
olate maker or seller, -latino, M.: piece 
or square of chocolate, -lattef, M. : choc- 
olate, -lattiera, P., -lattiere, M. : 

«ioc-oolina [-ca],P.: small bunch or tuft. 
-cntof, ADJ. : tufted, having clusters. 

«ioe [cid S], adv. : that is, namely. 

-eiom-periat, P. : stupid trick. Il-eiom- 
po [?], M. : wool carder ; simpleton. 

-eioucaref i = troncare. 

■cionca-ro2 [?],INTR.: tipple, -tore, M.: 

cionco [cioncare i], adj. : maimed (muti- 
lated); cut offf. 

«iondo-laineiitot, M. : swinging. || -la- 
re [L. ex undulare],mi:R.: dangle (swing); 
loiter about ; trifle, -lino, M. : small 
pendant or ear-ring. «i6ndo-lo, M. : 
dangling thing ; pendant ; ear-ring, -lo- 
ne, M.: procrastinator ; lounger: a -loni, 

eionnot, ADJ. : worthless. 

«i6ntat, F. : blow, beating. 

«i6ppa [?], P. : (jest.) kind of petticoat. 

eioto-la [?], P. : cup or bowl ; contents 
of a cup. -letta, -lettina, P. : small 
cup. -lona, P., -lone, M. : large bowl. 

eiottaref, TR. : frustrate. 

«i6ttot, M. : pebble; cripple; ADJ.: lame. 
-lare, TR.: pave; throw stonesf. -lAta, 
p. : blow with a stone, -lato, M. : paved 
road, -lotto, M.: small stone. ||«idtto- 
lo [?], M. : pebble (flintstone). -lone, 
M. : large stone. 

■eiovettaf = civetta. 

«i-pi£rlia«'exo, M. : severe frown. ||-pi- 
glio [L. super-cilium, eyebrow], M. : 
frown, -pif/lioso, ADJ. : frowning, angry. 

«ip61-la [L. ccepulla], P. : onion ; (jest.) 
head ; large watch ; bulb ; gizzard of 
fowls, -laio, M. : onion-field ; onion sel- 
ler, -lataf, P. : ragout of onions ; mix- 
ture, -lato, ADJ.: knotty (said of wood). 
-latnra, P. : knottiness. -letta, -li- 
na, dim. of -la. -lino, M. : little onion ; 
veined marble, -lona, aug. of -la. 

-eiporrof, M. : crab. 

«ippo [L. cippus], M.: cippus (half-column 
for marking something). 

«i-pressaia, P., -presseto, M. : plantation 
of cypress trees, -presso, M. : cypress ; 
cypress wood, -pressone, M. : large cy- 
press tree. «i-pria, P. : face-powder. 
-pri^na, ADJ.: Cyprian; p.: Venus, Cyp- 
rian goddess, -ei-prio = -pria. ||«i- 
pro [Oipro, Cyprus], m. : Cyprus wine. 

ciragraf =: chiragra. 



«iroa [L.], ADV. : about ; around ; prep. : 

«ir-«eiisi, ADJ.: circensian (of the Roman 
Circus). Il-co [L. -cus, circle], M. : cir- 
cus, -colarei, ADJ.: circular: letUra- — , 
circular. -colare2, intr.: circulate; ar- 
guef, dispute, -colarmente, adv.: cir- 
cularly, -colatoriot, ADJ. : circulatory. 
-colazione, F. : circulation, -coletto, 
M. : small circle. «ir-colo, M. : circle ; 
circuit; club. 

«ircon- [L. cireum, around] : -eidere [L. 
ccedere, cut], mR. (cf. decider e); tr.: cir- 
cumcise. -«idiineiitot, M.: circumcision. 
=«iugere, IRR.; TR.: gird, -eisi, PRET. 
of -eidere. -eisione, F. : circumcision. 
-eiso, FAST, of -eidere. -damentof, 
M. : surrounding. =dare, TR. : surround, 
enclose, -dario, M. : boundary, district. 
-dazionef, F. : surrounding. =durre, 
IBR. ; TR. : lead around, -ferenza [L. 
ferre, bring], F. : circumference, -flesso 
[L.flexus, bent], adj.: bent; m. : circum- 
flex accent. =flettere, IRR. ; TR. : twist 
around ; circumflex, ^fonderef, IRB. ; 
TR. : circumfuse, pour around, -fuse, 
PART., ADJ. : scattered. =locuzi6iie 
[L. circum-locutio], F. : circumlocution. 
-scr. .t, -sp. .f, -St. .f ^ circo-scr. ., etc. 
-vallare [L. vallum, wall], TR. : circum- 
vallate. --rallazione, F. : circumvalla- 
tion. =veniFe, ire. ; TR. : circumvent. 
-venzionef, F. : circumvention. =vi€i- 
no, ADJ. : neighbouring, adjacent, -vo- 
luzionef, F. : circumvolution. 

«irco- \circon-'] : -scritto, PART, of -scri- 
vere. =scrivere [L. circum-scribere'], 
IRR. ; TR. : circumscribe, restrict, -scri- 
zione, F. : circumscription, bounding. 
-spettamente, ADV. : circumspectly. 
-spetto [L. specere, look], adj. : circum- 
spect, -spezione, P. : circumspection. 
=staiite, ADJ. : circumstant, surround- 
ing ; M. : bystander, -stanza, F. : cir- 
cumstance, particularity, -stanziare, 
TR. : circumstantiate, -stanziatamen- 
to, ADV. : circumstantially. 

«ir-ciiire [L. circum-ire], TR. : surround, 
enclose ; go aroundf. -cuito, M. : cir- 
cuit, extent, -onizionef, F. : circui- 
tion; circuit. 

«ircula. . = circola. . 

■ci-regetot, M. : cherry orchard, -rie- 
SloY=eiliegio. -rieg;iuolot,ABj.: cher- 

eirimoni. . = cerimoni. . 

eirindonef, M. : present. 

cippot, M. : ringlet. 

«is41et, M. : ridge, landmark. 

eiscp&n-na [arei-, scranna], p. : arm- 
chair ; old furniture, -'nof, M. : book- 


«isio [L. -stum], M.: two- wheeled carriage 

■eismaf ^ scisma. 

-eisoi. . = cesoi. . 

-ei-spa [?], P. : blearedness ; rheum (from 
the eyes), -spapdof = -sposo. -spel- 
liuo, ADJ. : blear-eyed, -sposita, F. : 
blearedness. -sposo, adj. : blear-eyed ; 

-eiste, pi. -sti or -stidi [Gr. Mstis, bag], 
p. : cyst. 

«isteP'eense [L. CHstereium,'where found- 
ed], ADJ. : Cistercian ; M. : Cistercian monk. 

«istep-iia [L.], P. : cistern, -netta, p.: 
small tank, -ndne, M. : large cistern or 

«isti-co [cistel, ADJ. : cystic, -fdllea, 
P. : gall-bladder. 

«istiot, M. : rock rose. 

-eitabile [citare], ADJ. : citable. 

eitarat [L. cithara], F. : cithern (kind of 

«itape [L.], TR. : CITE (summon ; quote). 

«ita-pedico, ADJ. : citharistic (of the 
cithern). ||-redo [-ra], M. : cithara or 
cithern-player, -reggiaref, intr. : play 
upon the cithara. -rista = -redo, -piz- 
zare = -reggiare, 

«ita-t6pe [-re], M. : citer. -tdriat, P. : 
summons, writ, -zione, P. : summons, 
citation ; quoting. 

«itepat = citara. 

«itepi6re [L. citerior], ADJ. : on this side 

«iteriiat, P. : cistern. 

«itiso [L. eytisus], M. : cytisus (a shrub, 

«itpagginet, P. : balm-mint. 

«i-tpato [L. -trus, citron-tree], M. : citrate. 
■ci-trico, ADJ. : citric, -tpinezzaf, P. : 
yellow, -trinot, ADJ.: citrine. -tpi(n)d- 
lot, M. : cucumber. 

ci-trnllaggine, P. : stupidity. l|-tpiil- 
lo [L. -triis, disp. of L. -trus, citron (cf. 
Fr. citrouille, pumpkin)], M. : simpleton, 
dunce ; fop ; ADJ. : stupid. 

■eittaf, P. : girl. 

-eitta pj. civitas], p. : city (town), -del- 
la, P. : citadel, -detta, dim. of -ta. 
-dina, p.: citizen's wife, -diname, 
M. : crowd of citizens, mob. -dina- 
mentet, APV. : as a citizen, civilly. 
-dinanza, F. : citizens ; citizenship, -dl- 
napet, TR. : people a city, -dinaticof, 
M. : right of citizenship. -din&Uo, M. : 
young citizen, -dinesoamente, ADV.: 
like a citizen, -dinesco, ADJ.: of a 
citizen or a city, -dine, ADJ.: of a 
citizen, civic; m. : citizen, -done, M.: 
large city. -dde«ia, P. : ugly town. 

«-ittot, M. : boy. -ittolat, P- : little girl 
-ittolot, M. : little boy. 

«iu-oa, P.: ass. -oaggiue, p.; obsti- 


nacy. -oaio, M. : ass-driver, -cafdllo, 
dim. of -CO. -oTierello ^ -chetto. -ohe- 
ria, F. : obstinacy. -c^esoo, adj. : 
stnpid, obstinate. -cTietto, dim. of -co. 
Il-co [?], M. : ass ; dunce. 

eiuf-fagrnot, ADJ. : griping, snatching. 
-fare, TR. : snatch by the hair; grasp, 
seize, -fetto, M. : small tuft of hair. 
11 -fo [Ger. sehopf], u.: tuft of hair, 
forelock, toupee; mane; tuft, -fona, 
F., -fone, M. : bushy hair ; person with 
bushy hair. 

«inffolet, F. PL. : triiles, nonsense. 

«inllat ^=fanciulla, 

einr - ma [? (6r. keleusma, oarsmen's 
song)], F. : ship's crew ; crowd, -mado- 
pet = -matore. -maglia., F. : rabble, 
mob. -mare, TR.: cheat, deceive; charmf. 
-matore, M. : cheat, wizzard. -meria, 
P.: trick; charm. 

«inso7i.erot, adj. : tipsy. 

«i-Taia [L. -baria, food], f. : all kinds of 
pnlse. -vaiolo, M. : seller of pulse, rice, 

eivan-zat = -zo. -zaref, TR. : provide ; 
advance, procure, eivan-zo [? avanza}, 
M. : advantage, benefit. 

«ivet, M. : citizen. 

eiveaf, F. : osier sledge. 

«ivet-ta [Fr. chouette (ak. to Eng. caw)], 
P. : owl ; coquette : far la — , hunt with 
the owl ; allure, -tare, intr. : hunt 
with the owl ; play the coquette, -teria, 
F.: coquetry, -tina, dim. of -ta. -tino, 
M. : young owl ; dandyf, fop. -tola, p. : 
coquettish girl, -tone, M. : absurd fop. 

«ivi-co [L. -cits], ADJ.: civic, -'le, adj. : 
civil ; courteous ; civilized ; m. : register. 
-listaf, M. : jurisconsult, -litaf = -Ita. 
-lizzare, TS. : civilize, -lizzatore, M. : 
civUizer. -lizzazione, P. : civilization. 
-Imente, ADV. : civilly. -Ita, P. : civili- 
zation ; civility, politeness. 

eiviret, TR. : procure, supply. 

«ivdriot = ciborio. 

oladet, P. : slaughter. 

olamaziiSnet, P. : invocation. 

olamide [L. eUamyi], P. : chlamys (kind 
of cloak). 

elamo-re [L. ctoTBor], M. : clamour, -ro- 
samente, ADV.: clamorously, -rose, 
ADJ.: clamorous. 

olandes-tinamente, ADV. : clandestine- 
ly, ll-timo [L. -tinus], adj. : clandestine 

olangoret, M. : clangor, sound of trumpets. 

ola-rettot, M. : claret, -rificare =: 

ola-rinettista, M. : player on the clarinet. 
-rinetto, M. : clarinet : clarinet-player. 
11-rino \h. -rus, clear], M. : clarinet. 

ola-rof = ehiaro. -pdret = chiarore. 



olas-se pj. -sis], F. : class (order, grade). 
-sicamente, ADV.: classically, -si-ei- 
smo, M.: classicalism. -si«ista, M.: clas- 
sicist, olas-sioo, ADJ.: classical, -sifi- 
ca'bile,ADJ.: classifiable. -sificare,TR.: 
classify. -sificazi6ne,F.: classification. 

olanso-la [L. clausula {claudere, ' close')], 
F. : clause, -letta, dim. 

clau-strale, ADJ.: claustral; retired, 
llolau-strof \L. -strum (-dere, close)], 


clausolat = clausola. 

olansura [Ij. (filaudere,' close')], P.: en- 
closure, cloister. 

olava [L.], F.: Hercules' club ; mace, club. 

cla-vl- pj. -«, key]: -«em.'baio, M. : harp- 
sichord, clavi-cola, P. : clavicle, -cor- 
d(i)o, M. : clavichord. 

clematide |L. -tis], F. : clematis (plant). 

ole-mente [L. -mens], ADJ. : clement 
(mild), -mentemente, ADV. : mildly. 
-mentissimo, adj. : superl. of -mente. 
-m^nza, -menziaf, P. : clemency. 

cleri-cale, adj. : clerical, -cato, M. : 
clergy, jlclero [Gr. kleros, lot ; election], 
M. : clergy. 

clessidra [Gr. Meps-Hdra 'hide-water'], 
P. : clepsydra (water-clock). 

clien-te [L. cliens], M. : client ; adherent. 
-tela, P. : clientship ; clientele, clien- 
tolof, -tulof, M. : client (dependent). 

cli-ma [Gr. Mima, inCLlNE], M. : climate. 
-materico, ADJ. : climacteric. cli- 
matof, M. : climate, -matologia, P. . 

clini-ca, F. : clinic, -camente, adv. : 
clinically. Hclini-co [Gr. kline, bed], 
ADJ. : clinical. 

cli-peato, ADJ. : armed with a shield. 
Ilcli-peo [L. -pens], M. : shield. 

clistere [Gr. kMdzein, wash out], M. : 

divo [L. clivus], M. : (poet.) declivity, hil- 
lock; ADJ.f: sloping. 

clizia [Gr. klinein, incline], P. : sunflower. 

cloaca [L.], P. : sewer. 

do-rato, ADJ. : chloric. ||cld-ro [Gr. 
Morog, yellowish green], m.: chlorine, -ro- 
formio, M. : chloroform. 

club [Eng.], M. : club, association. 

co', for con i, with the. 

coabi-tare [con abitare], intr. : cohabit. 
-tatoref, M. : cohabitant, -tazione, 
P. : cohabitation. 

coadesione [con adesione], F. : cohesion. 

coadiu-torato,M.: coadjutorship. -tore, 
M. : coadjutor, -toria, p. : coadjutor- 
ship, ll-vare [L. (juvare, help)], TR. : 
AID, assist. 

coadnn&-re [L. (unus, ONE)], TB. : unite. 
collect, gather up. -nazionet, P. : co- 



coa-golot = caglio. -gulabile, ADJ. : 
coagulable. -gulamentof, M. : coagu- 
lation. Il-gnlare [h.\, TK. : coagulate, 
-gulativo, ADJ. : coagulative. -gnla- 
zione, F. : coagulation, curdling, coa- 
gulof, M. : coagulum ; rennet. 

coar-tare [L.], TE. : force, compel, -ta- 
zione, F. : forcing. 

co=attivo, ADJ.: ooactive, restraining. 
||=&tto [L. -actus (cogere, force)], ADJ. : 
forced, -azione, F. : coaction, force. 

oobalto [Ger. kobalt], M. : cobalt. 

oocca [?], F. : corner or tip (of a handker- 
chief, apron, etc.) ; tip or end (of a spindle, 
where the end is fastened); peak (of a 
mountain)t ; notch of an arrow ; arrowf ; 
bowstringt ; cockboatf. 

coccarda [Fr. cocarde {coq, cock ; cock's 

crest)], F. : cockade. 

coccare, TE. : ^ accoccare; jeer. 

co-e-eerello [-ccio], M. : small shard, frag- 

coc-cMata [-cMo], F. : carriage-drive; 
serenade (orig. in a coach), -c/tiere, 
M. : coachman (esp. of private persons). 

coccTiinaf, F. : country-dance. 

cdc-cTiio [? Gr. k6chlos, 'cockle'], M. : 
COACH. -cfti6ixe,M.: large coach. -cTtin- 
mare, TE. . bung; quiz (banter), -chiv.- 
me, M. : bung, bung-hole. 

od««f a [?], F. : hilt ; (Jest.) head ; swell- 
ingf; pimple. 

co-eeinigrlia [Gr. kokkos, berry], F. : coc- 
cus ; cochineal. 

co«-cijio, dim. of -cio. ||c6«-«io [?], 
M. : shard (potsherd). -«i(n)dla, F. : 
swelling ; bite of a gnat. 

oo-e-ein-taggiue [coccia, head], F.: stub- 
bornness. co«€iu-to, ADj. : stubborn. 

cdcco I = coccarda and cucco. 

cocco 2 [Gr. kokkos, kernel], M. -. cocoa 
(palm or nut) ; cochinealf ; eggf. 

coccode [echoic], M. : cackling. 

coccodrillo [Gr. krokddeilos], M. : croco- 

cdcco-Ia [Gr. kokkos, berry], F. : berry ; 
(Jest.) head, -larsi, inte. : enjoy one's 
self, -letta, -lettina, F. : small berry, 
-linat, ADJ.: in tosse — , whooping-cough. 
-lino, M. : plump child, cocco-lo, M. : 
enjoying one's self ; fat boy. -lone, M. : 
apoplectic stroke, -loni, adv.: squatting. 

coccoveg-g{at, F. . coquette, -giaref, 
INTE. : co'qiiet. 

co-centemente, ADV. : hotly, sharply. 
-eente, ADJ. : burning (hot). ||c6-«ere 
pj. -quere'], mE.§ ; te. : cook ; (jig.) dis- 
please, grieve. 

§ Pres. c(u)d-cio, -ci, ~ce ; cocidnto, etc. 
(citdc- or cdc- accented, coc- unaccented). 
Pret. cos-si, -se ; -sera. Part. caUo (rarely 
cociiito, ' grieved '). 
coc7i.i£;liat, F. : shell. 


co-eimSnto, M. : heat ; scalding ; coc- 
tion, digestion. ||-€l6re [-cere], M.: burn- 
ing pain, smart, -eitoiof, adj. : easily 
cooked, -citura, F. : cooking, decoc- 
tion, -einto for the ordinary coiio, PAET. 
of -cere; (fig.) grieved, displeased. 

cocleariaf, F. : scurvy grass. 

coco \L. eoquus (-quere 'cook')], M.: COOK. 

cocolla [1. L. cuculla], F. : COWL, hood. 

co-comeraio, M. : watermelon patch ; 
watermelon seller, -comerino, M.: small 
watermelon. H-comero [pop. folm of 
cucurbita, gourd], M.: watermelon; secret 
hard to keep : non saper tenere un — aU 
V erta, be unable to keep a secret, -co- 
merone, M. : large watermelon, -cuz- 
za [pop. for cucurbita], F. : (Jest.) head. 
-cuzzof, -cuzzolo, M. : crown of the 
head ; summit, top. 

co-da [L. Cauda], F. : tail ; end ; file ; 
train, -dardamente, ADV. : basely. 
-dardia, F. : cowardice, -dardo, ADJ. : 
COWAEDly, base ; m. : coward, -dato, 
ADJ. : tailed, -dazzo, M. : train (attend- 
ants), -dearef, TE. : follow, dog. 

codesto [L. eccu-tibi-iste], peon. : that, 

co-detta [-da], F. : little tail, -diaref, 
TE. : follow at one's heels, spy. -diat6- 
ref, M. : spy. 

c6-di«e [L. -dex (orig. trunk, tablet of 
wood)], M. : code, codex ; ancient manu- 
script : — della lingua, dictionary, -di- 
-eillare, ADJ. : codicillary. -dieillo, 
M. : codicil ; addition to a writing, -difi- 
cazione, F. : codification. 

codi- [coda] : =lungo,M.: tomtit. =ni6z- 
zof, ADJ. : docked, clipped, codi-na, 
F. : little tail, codi -no, M. : stumpy 
tail; braid, coil of hair, codi-nzolo, 
M. : very little tail, -one, M. : rump of 
birds. =r6sso, M. : redstart, redtail. 

codo<;natot = cotognato. 

co-done [-da], M. : large tail, -drione, 
M. : rump of birds, -dntof = codato. 

co^egnale, ADJ. : coequal. 

co=erede, M. : co-heir. 

co-erente [L. co-kmrens (hwrere, stick)], 
ADJ. : coherent, -erentemente, ADV. : 
coherently. -erenza, P. : coherence. 
-eslone, F. : cohesion. 

co=esistere, INTR. : coexist, -esisten- 
za, P. : coexistence. 

coetaneo [L. co-mtaneus (cetas, AGE)], 
ADJ. : coetaneous (contemporaneous). 

co=eterno, ADJ. : coeternal. 

coevo [L. co-avus (cevum, age)], ADJ. : co- 

cofa«-«iat, P- : pie. -einat, P. : small 

cofa-naiof, M. : cabinet-maker, -n^tto, 

M. : small coffer or basket. ||odfa-no 


pj. cophinus, basket], m. : copper, cabi- 
net; basketf. 

ooffat, P.: (iiav.) small basket (for biscuit). 
oogita-bondo, adj.: cogitabund, thought- 
ful. ||oogita-ret [L.], intr. : cogitate. 
-tiva, F.': cogitative faculty ; thought, 
-tivot, ADJ.: musing, -zionet, P.: cogi- 
tation; contemplation. 
edgli, for con gli, with the. 
oofflia [Gr. koleon, sheath], p. : (anat.) 
scrotum ; {Jam.) coxcomb, fop : in — , 
well dressed ; in good order (fine). 
oaglieTB [L. col-ligere\, 1RR.§ ; tr. : COL- 
LECT (cull, gather) ; strike ; catch ; com- 

§ Ind.: Pres. cdlg-o, cbglit coglie ; coglicttno 
or colghidtnOj coglUte, colgotto. Pret. coi-si, 
~se ; -sero. Fut. Cond. reg. or c&r~r6 ; -rk". 
Sub].: Pres. coiga. VnTi.coHo. — Poet, forms : 
cdglio, etc.; cdglia, etc. 

co^rliof = eollo. 

co^rlione [-$'2ia], M. : testicle. 

ooffli-tore \eogliere\, M.: gatherer, -tu- 
ra, P. : gathering, collecting. 

oogna-ta, P.: sister-in-law. Hcoj/na-to 
[L. cognatus, " with-bom," cognate], m. : 
brother-in-law ; ADJ.f : cognate (kindred). 
-zione, F. : cognation (kindred). 

cdj7ni-to [L.-tus, {g)noseere, know], ADJ.: 
KNOWN, -toret, M. : one who knows, 
discemer. -zioii«ella, dim. of -zione. 
-zione, P. : cognition ; knowledge ; FL. : 
intelligence, instruction. 

cogno pi. eongius], M. : congius (liquid 

co^no-me [L. -men], M. : cognomen (sur- 
name), -minare, TR. : surname ; repl. : 
take a surname, -minazionet, P. : cog- 

cognosce, .f = conosce. . 

cogolariat, P- : sweep-net. 

coi, for con i, with the. 

coi-aio [coio], M. : leather seller, -ame, 
M. : quantity of leather, -arof = coiaio. 
-attolo, M. : leather-scrap, -ettof, M. : 
leather jerkin. 

co-ineidente, PART., ADJ. : coincident. 
-ineidenza. P.: coincidence. ||=iii«i- 
dere, mE. ; intr. : coincide. 

odio [L. corium], M. : hide (skin); leather. 

coito [L. -itus (ire, go)], M. : coition. 

ooitosot, ^DJ. : thoughtful. 

col for eon il, eollo (con lo), with the. ^ 

cola [L. -lum\, p. : colander (strainer)'. 

cola pj. eccu-illac, 'lo-there'], adv.: there. 

cola='brddo, M. : soup-strainer. 

colafizzaref, TR. : cuff ; vex, irritate. 

colag-gint, -ginsof, ADV. : below, down 

cola-mentof, M. : eolation, straining; 
thing strained. ||cola-re [L.], TR. : per- 
colate (strain); sift; melt: — a fondo, 
sink (a ship). 



oolasc'£6ne [?], M. : Italian lute. 

colassaf, ADV. : up there. 

oola-ti««{o, M. : strainings ; dregs, resi- 
due, -tiot, ADJ. : perishable, -tivof, 
ADJ. : strainable ; dissolving. ||oola-to, 
PART, of -re; M.f: percolation, colature. 
-toio, M. : strainer, filter, -tnra, P. : 
straining (colature, filtration). 

colazio-na««ia, disp. of -ne. -n«ella, 
-n-eina, dim. of -ne. colazio-ne \col- 
lezione], p. : collation, breakfast, -net- 
ta, dim. of -ne. -nne-eia, disp. of -ne. 

oolcaref, TR.: lay down; intr.: set (said 
of the sun). 

colei [f. of -lui], PRON. : (disp.) she, that 

colendissimo [colere], adj. : most wor- 

colera [? Gr. chole, bile], P. : cholera. 

coleref, depbct.§ ; tr. : venerate, wor- 

§ Pres. cd-li, -le. Part. c6lio or culto. 

colezionef ^ colazione. 

colilietot, M. : equivocal talk ; gossip. 

oo-libri or -lilri [Carib.], M. : humming- 

colica pj. -ens (Gr. kolon, colon)]. P.: 
colic, colico, ADJ. : colic, affecting the 

coliseo = colosseo. 

colizione = colazione. 

collai [Gr. kolla], P. : glue ; cordf (used 
in torture); torturet. 

collaz, for con la, with the. 

collaliora-re pj.], INTR. : collaborate, 
cooperate, -tore, M., -tri«e, P. : col- 
laborator, fellow - worker, -zione, P. : 

oollacrintaret, INTR. : weep with. 

coUa-na [eollo], P. : necklace ; collection 
(of cognate literary works), -nella, dim. 
of -na. -none, augm. of -na. -Jtv.e-ela, 
disp. of -na. -re i, m. : yoke, collar (for 
animals); collar. 

coUare 2, TR. : torture ; lower with a 
rope ; raise up. 

colla-retto [-na], -rino, M.: small collar; 
collar band. 

oollataf, P. : blow on the neck ; accolade. 

ool=laterale, ADJ.: collateral (indirect); 
M. : collateral relative. 

coUatoref, M. : collator, patron. 

collattaneof, M. : foster-brother. 

colla-zionare, TR. : collate, compare. 
Il-zione [L. col-latio, bringing together], 
p.: collation (presentation of a benefice); 
contributionf ; conferencef; comparingt. 

collei, for con le, with the. 

cdlle2 [L. collis], M. : little hill ; mound. 

collega [L. (legare, choose)], M.: colleague 
(associate); leaguef. 

oolle-gam4nto, M. : joining. -g4nza, 

102 collegare 

P.: joining; allianoef. Il-gare [L. col- 
ligare], TR. : join (unite); eefl. : alLY or 
LEAGUE one's self, -gato, adj.: allied; 
M. : ally, -gatore, M. : uniter. -gazio- 
net, P. : joining ; alliance. 

coUe-giale, ADJ.: collegial; M. : colle- 
gian, -g^ialmente, ADV. : in common. 
-giaref, INTB. : consult, -giata, P.: 
collegiate church, -gtato, ADJ. : colle- 
giate. ||colle-gio'[L. -^iaro (-^a, col- 
league)], M. : college ; society (assembly). 

coUeppolaref, intr. : shake ; dance for 


cdl-lera [Gr. chole, bile], P.: choler 
(anger); choleraf. -lericamente, AD v. : 
angrily, -lerico, ADJ. : choleric (irrita- 
ble), -lerosof = -lerico. 

collet-ta [L. colleeta (legere, gather)], P. : 
collection ; contribution ; collect, -tare, 
TE. : collect, -tivamente, ADV. : col- 
lectively, -tivo, ADJ. : collective, -tizio, 
ADJ. : collected ; picked up. 

ooUetto [colle], M. : hillock. 

colle-ttore [-tta], M. : collector ; com- 
piler, -ttopiaf, P.: collectorship. -zion- 
«ella, -ziou«ina, P. : small collection. 
-zione, P.: collection (mass); impostf. 

collicare = coricare. 

colli«ello I Ipollo], M. : little neck. 

oolli-«ello2 [eolle],u.: little hill, -gta- 
no, ADJ. : inhabiting hills. 

collimare [L. limus, oblique], intr. : 
have a common aim, agree ; harmonize. 

ooUi-na [colle]. P.: hill, -netta, p., 
nettof, M. : hillock. 

coUino [collo], M. : little neck. 

colliqna-ref, TR. : dissolve, melt, -zio- 
net, P. : colliquation. 

collirio [Gr. koUilrion], M. : coUyrium, 

oollisi6ne [L. colliHo (Icedere, strike)], 
F. : collision. 

collo I , for con lo, with the. 

oollo 2 [L. -Hum], M. : neck]; mountain- 

cdllo 3 [Eng. coil], M. : large package or 

collo -cabile, ADJ. : collocatable. -ca- 
mento, M.: collocation (placing). ||-ca- 
re [L. (locus, place)], TR. . collocate ; 
place, -cazione, P. : collocation. 

collocnzionef, P. : collocution (parley). 

collodio [Gr. kollodes, like glue], M.: col- 

oolloqnio {L. -loquium (loqui, speak)], 
M. : colloquy (conference). 

col-losita, P. : stickiness. ||-16so [-2ai], 
ADJ. : gluey (sticky). 

oollo=tdrto, M. : hypocrite, collo-tto- 
la, P. : nape of the neck. 

collu-sioue [L. col-ludere, play with], p.: 
collusion, -sivo, adj. : collusive. 


collnvie [L. col-luere, wash, together], 
p. : mass, heap (of filth); throng. 
col-mare, TR. : fill up, heap up. -mata, 
p. : filling up ; embankment, -matura, 
p.: overfulness. -mig^of, M. : covering, 
projecting, -mi^rnolot, M. : ridge, top. 
Ilcol-mo [L. -umen], M. : top (summit, 
culmen); height, culmination; ADJ.: over- 
flowing; overloaded; convex. 

colo = cola. 

colofoniaf, P. : colophony ; resin. 

colom-ba, P. : pigeon (dove). -lae«lo, 
M. : ringdove, wood-pigeon, -baia, p., 
-baiot, M. : dove-cote, -b&no, M. : sweet 
white grape, -baraf. P.: dove-cote. 
-bario, M. : columbarium, -bella, P. : 
young pigeon, -bina, F. : young pigeon; 
pigeon's dung, -bino, ADJ. : columbine : 
sasso -iino, pietra -bina, limestone. ||oo- 
lom-bo [L. Columbus], M. : pigeon. 

colon [Gr. kolon], M. : (anat.) colon. 

colo-nia [L. (.eolere, cultivate)], P.: colony. 
-niale, ADJ. : colonial, -nizzare, TR. : 

colon-na [L. columna], F. : column (pil- 
lar); division of a page; support (stay). 
-ii4to, M. : colonnade, -nella, p. (jeit.): 
colonel's wife, -nello, M. : dim. of -no ; 
COLONEL, -netta, P. : small pillar, -ni- 
ne, M. : small column ; gallery or balus- 
trade pillar. 

colono [L. -lonus (-lere, cultivate)], M. : 
planter (colonist). 

colo-ra««io, disp. of -re. -ramentof, 
M. : colour, -rare, TR. : colour, tinge ; 
disguise; REFL.f: paint, rouge, -rata- 
mente, adv. : with pretence, speciously, 
-rate, PART. : coloured; specious, feigned. 
||col6-re [L. -r], M. : colour; pretence; 
appearance, -retto, -rettino, M. : 
slight colour, tint, -rire, TR. : colour. 
-rista, M. : colourist, painter, -rito, 
PART. : coloured ; m. : colouring, complex- 
ion, -ritore, M. : colourist. 

colore, PL. of colei and colui. 

colo-rone [-re], M. : deep, bright colour. 
-rn-eeio, M. : bad colour ; pallor. 

colos-sale, ADJ. : colossal, -seo, M. : Ro- 
man Coliseum. ||ool6s-so [Gr. kolossds], 
M. : colossus, giant. 

c61-pa [L. culpa]. P.: fault (guilt); sin: 
chiamarsi in — , own one's guilt, -pa- 
bilef, ADJ. : culpable, -paref, TK. : in- 
culpate, blame ; intr. : be faulty. 

col-peggiaret,lNTR.: beat, strike, -pet- 
tino, 'm. : slight blow, slap. ||-petto 
[-po], M. : light blow. 

colpevo-le [colpd], adj. : culpable, -lez- 
za, F. : culpability, -lissimo, ADJ. : 
superl. of -le: most guilty. -Imente, 
ADV. : culpably. 

col-pire, TR. : hit, beat, strike, -pitore, 


M. : beater. ||o61-pa [Gr. kdlaphos, cuff], 
M. : blow (stroke): — di fucile, gunshot; 
— di mare, big wave, breaker. 

oolposo [colpa], ADJ. : culpable, offensive. 

ool-si, FRET, of cogliere. col-ta i [co- 
gliere], P. : collecting, gathering ; harvest, 
crop ; harvest-time ; coUeetionf ; mill- 
damf; impostf. 

o61-ta 2 [? for -pita (-pire), blow], in di — , 
suddenly : far — t. hit. 

ooltaref = coltivare. 

ooltel-la, F. : big knife (carving-knife, 
butcher's knife, hunting-knife). -la««io, 
M.: disp. of -la; (nav.) studding sail, -la- 
me, M. : quantity of knives, -lata, P. : 
cut, stab, -letto, dim. of -lo. -liera, P. : 
knife-box, sheath, -lina, dim. of -la. 
-linaio, M. : cutler. ||ooltel-lo, pi. -li 
or -la [L. cultellus (culler, colter)], m. : 
knife; poniard f (dagger); severe criti- 
cism: — a molla, clasp-kniJfe; — da tavola, 
table-knife; per — , edgewise, -lone, 
aug. of -lo. 

colti-vabile, ADJ. : cultivable, tillable. 
-vabilita, P. : being cultivable, -va- 
mento, M. : culture ; veneration. ||-va- 
re [1. L. (L. colere)], tr. : till, cultivate. 
-vato, PART., ADJ.: cultivated; M. : 
cultivated land, -vatore, M.: cultivator 
(tiller), -vatriee, P. : encourager. -va- 
tnraf, -vazi6ne,P.: cultivation, colti- 
Tot, ADJ. : cultival)le ; cultivated. 

coltoi, FART, of coltivare: cultivated; 
M. : cultivated landf; worshipf. 

ooltoz, FART, of cogliere: gathered. 

ooltoret, M. : cultivator. 

ooltrare [coltro], TR. : plough. 

Rol-tre [L. culcitra, mattress], P. : pall ; 
eoverletf. -tricef, P.: feather-bed, mat- 
tress: P.t of -tore. -tri«ella, -tri- 
«etta, P. : small pall ; small eoverletf. 
-trieionaf, P,: large mattress or feather- 

ooltro [L. culler], M. : colter. 

ool-troneino, M. : light quilt. Il-trone 
[•tre], M. : quilt. 

Goltnra [cultura], P.: cultivation; culture; 

ooln-brina, P. : cdlverin (long cannon, 
16th Cent). || coln-bro [L. -ber], m. : 
ipoet.) serpent. 

oolui \\.1j.* eeeu-illui, 'lo-that'], pron. : 
that one. 

oolmnbariat, P. : vervain (plant). 

com- [L. cum, with], frep.: com-. 

odmai [Gr. koimdn, put to sleep], P. : 

cdmafz, P. : head of hair. 

odmaf 3, P. : comma. 

oo=madret, F. : godmother. 

oomaii-daiiieiito,M.: command, -dan- 
te, M. : military commander. ||-dape 

comma lOS 

[mandare], tr. : command, -dataf, p. : 
royal command, -dativof, ADJ. : com- 
manding, -datoref, M. : commander. 
-dig;iat, P. : recommendation, comau- 
do,'M. : command. 

com.are [comadre], P. : godmother. 

coma -ret, TR. : deceive, -toref, M. : 

comatoso [coma i], adj. : comatose. 

oom-baeiamento, M. : joining together ; 
junction. ||=ba«iare, intr. : join to- 
gether; TK. : fit together (cause to join); 
REPL.t : kiss each other. -bagiam.entot 
= -baciamento. 

combat-tente, PART. : fighting; M. : com- 
batant. Ilcombat-tere [battere], INTR. : 
fight (combat); resist; tb. : contend 
against, -timento, M. : battle, -titore, 
M. : combatant, -titri-cef, P. : virago. 

oom-biataret, TR. : dismiss, -biatof, 
M. : dismission. 

combi - namento f, M. : combination. 
||-nape[l.L. (L. 6im«s,twoandtwo)],TR. : 
combine (unite), -natore, M. : com- 
biner, -nazione, P. : combination ; hap- 
py chance. 

com=bricoola, P. : conventicle ; assem- 
blage, noisy crowd. 

combn-rere [? L. co-amb-urere ('burn')], 
TR. : bum. -stibile, adj. : combustible ; 
M. : combustible, -stibilita, F. : com- 
bustibility, -stione, P. : combustion ; 
scalding, combu-sto, adj. : burned. 

combutta [? buttare], F. : crowd, confu- 

come [L. quo-modo, in what manner], 
ADV.: as (like); how (in what manner); 
because (why); when. =c(c)?ief -i, 
CON J. : although, notwithstanding. 

coment. . =: comment. . 

come-ta \L. (Gr. home, hair)], F. : comet. 
-tariof, ADJ. : cometary. 

comiato = commiato. 

c6mi-ca, P. : art of gesturing ; come- 
dienne. -cam;eiite, ADV. : comically. 
Ilcdmi-oo [L. -cus (Gr. komos, revel)], 
ADJ. : comical (ludicrous); m. : comic 

oom.i£rnolo [colmignolo], M. : ridge (of a 
roof); ridge-pole; top of a rick. 

comin-eiaiueiito, M. : commencement. 

. ll-eiare [L. cum, initiare, begin], TR. : 
commence (begin), -ciatof, M. : begin- 
ning, -eiatoref, M. : founder, comin- 
«iot, M. . commencement. 

cominof, M. : cumin (plant or seed). 

oomitantef, FART. : accompanying. 

comi-tato, M. : junta, commission ; as- 
sembly, -tiva, P.: party, -ziale, ADJ.: 
comitial. ||comi-zio [L. -tium {ire, go)], 
M. : comitia, assembly. 

comma [L. (Gr. kop-, cut)], p. : comma ; 



head (paragraph); (jnus.). comma (small 

(oommaoolaret, TK. : stain. 

comme-dia [L. comwdia], F. : comedy. 
-diaiof, M. : (disp.) comedy -writer. 
-diante, M., F. : comedian, comedienne. 
-diaref, INTE. : write comedies, -diet- 
ta, -dina, dim. of -dia. -diografo 
[Gr. grdphein, write], M. : comedy-writer. 
-didla, F. : short comedy, -dioua, F., 
-dione, M. : long comedy. -din««ia, 
disp. of -dia. 

commemo-rabile, ADJ. : commemorable. 
-ramentot, M. : commemoration. ||-rare 
[L.], TE.: commemorate (celebrate), -ra- 
tivo, ADJ. : commemorative, -razione, 
F. : commemoration ; memorial. 

commen-da, F. : benefice, revenue (from 
some order), -dabile, ADJ. : commend- 
able, -dabilmeutet, ADV. : commend- 
ably, -damentof, M. : praise. ||-dare 
[L.], TR. : commend ; recommendf. -da- 
tario, M. : commendator. -datizia, 
F. : letter of recommendation ; recommen- 
dation, -datizio, ADJ. : recommenda- 
tory, -datore, M. : commander; elder 
(in an order), -dazionef, F. : commen- 
dation, -devole, ADJ. : commendable. 
-deTolmente, ADV. : commendably. 

commensale [con mensa], M., F. : table- 

commensn.-ra'bile, ADJ. : commensura- 
ble, -rabilit^, F. : commensurability. 
Il-paref [L.], TR. : commensurate ; ad- 

commen-tare pj. explain (mens, mind)], 
TR. : comment ; annotate, -tarietto, 
M. : brief commentary, -tario, M. : com- 
mentary, -tatore, M. : commentator. 
commen-to, M. : comment, annotation.«iabile, ADJ. . that can be 
traded. -«iale, ADJ.: commercial, -eial- 
mente, ADV. : commercially. -«iante, 
M. : trader, -eiare, INTE. : trade, carry 
on business ; tr. : sell. ||coininer-«io 
[L. -cium] , M. : commerce, business ; af- 
fair ; intercourse, commer-ziot = -cio. 

oom-messat, F. : commission, order. 
-messariaf, F.: commissaryship. -mes- 
sariof, M. : commissary. 

commessazionet, F. : orgy, debauch. 

com-messionef, F. : commission. H-m^s- 
so [-mettere], part. : committed ; M. : em- 
ployee ; commissioner ; fellow-boarderf : 
lavoro di — , mosaic, inlaid work, -mes- 
snra, F. : commissure (joint). 

oomme - stibile [L. comestus (edere, 
bat)], m. (us'ly pi.) : comestible (food) ; 
ADJ. : eatable, -stione, F. : fast-day food 
(allowed by the church); mixturef. 

oom-mettentet, M. : committer, one who 
gives an order. ||=iB6ttere, ire. ; te. : 


join, unite ; entrust, commit ; perpetrate. 
-metti=inale, M. : mischief-maker ; slan- 
derer, -mettitore, M. : committer, em- 
ployer, -mettitupa, F. : joining. 

commiato [L. com-meatus (meare, go)], 
M. : leave, permission ; furlought ; dis- 
missalf: prender — , take leave, bid fare- 

commilitone [con tnilite], M. : fellow- 

commi-nare [L. -nari\, TE. : menace 
(threaten), -natoria, F. : threat ; pro- 
hibition, -natorio, ADJ. : comminatory, 
-nazione, F. : commination, menace. 

comiuiscTtia. . == mischia. . 

commise-rando, ADV.: pitiable. ||-rare 
[L. -rari], TR. : commiserate (pity), -ra- 
zione, F. : commiseration, -revolef, 
ADJ. : miserable. 

commi-si, PEBT. of commettere. 

commis-sariato, M. : commissaryship. 
Il-sario [commettere], m. : commissary; 
commissioner, trustee, -sionario, M. : 
agent, broker, -sione, F. : commission, 

com-mistionet, F.: mixture. ||=misto, 
ADJ. : mixed. 

com-misuraf, F. : proportion (fitness). 
Ilzmisnrare, TE. : commensurate (regu- 

committdnte, PAET. of commettere. 

commodof = comodo. 

commorautet, ADJ. : dwelling, residing. 

com-mosso, PART, : moved, -motof = 
-mosso. Ilzmdvere, IRE. ; TR. : move 
(affect, touch); agitate (disturb); befl. : 
be affected, -movimentot, M. : dis- 
turbance, -movitore, M. : mover, ex- 
citer, -mozione, F. : commotion, per- 

communiret, TR. : strengthen, fortify. 

commnoveref = commovere. 

commu-tabile, ADJ. : commutable. -ta- 
mentof, M. : commutation. ||.tare [L. 
(mutare, change)], TE.: commute (ex- 
change), -tativof, ADJ. : commutative. 
-tazione, P. : commutation. 

como-dameute, ADV.: commodiously ; 
without effort, -dare, TE. : accommo- 
date; adjust (fit); lend, -datot, M.: 
gratuitous loan, -datoref, M. : lender. 
-devolm^ntef, ADV. : conveniently, -dez- 
za,'\ = -dita. -dino, M.: commode (chest 
of drawers), -dita, F. : convenience ; 
opportunity. ||c6ino-do [L. -dus {modus, 
mode)], ADJ.: commodious; proper; easy, 
comfortable ; m. : commodity ; convenience, 
leisure: esser — , be well off. -done, 
M. : easy-going person. 

oompadronef, M. : joint proprietor. 

coin=paesana, F., =paesano, M. : com- 
patriot (fellow-countrywoman, -man). 


oompa-ginaref, TR. : hold together, unite. 
Ilcompa-giue [L. compages (pangere, 
fasten)], p.': compages (joined structure, 
contexture)., P. : female companion ; com- 
panyf. -gnac-cio, M. : bad companion. 
-gnescof, ADJ. : companionable ; of a 
companion, -jrnevole, ADJ. : compan- 
ionable, sociable, -{/nevolmente, adv.: 
companionably. -g-aia,, p.: company, so- 
ciety; association ; brotherhood ; company 
of soldiers. -j;nino, M.: dear little com- 
panion. -£rniu««ia, disp. dim. of -gnia. 
Ilcompa-^no [I. L. -ni6\, M. : compan- 
ion (associate ; partner ; fellow-worker) ; 
ADJ. : like, equal, -{/none, M. : boon 
companion. -(;nd««ta, -£rnae«io, car. 
dim. of -gna and -gno. 

companati-cat, F., -co [con pane], M. : 
any food eaten with bread. 

comparabile [compararej, ADJ. : com- 

comparaggiot = comparatico. 

compa-ragionef. P.: comparison. ||-ra- 
pp Dj.], tr. : compare ; repl. : compare 
one's self. 

comparatico [compare], M. : standing 

compara-tivameiite, ADV. : compara- 
tively. Il-tivo [-re], adj. : comparative ; 
M. : (gram.) comparative, -zione, P.: 

compare [con padre], M. : godfather 
(sponsor); companion. 

com-parigionef, F. : appearance, -pa- 
rii, pret! of -parire. ||-parire [L. 
-parere], niR. (cf. apparire); intr. : ap- 
PEAR, show one's self; appear in court. 
-pariscenzaf, F. : appearance, -pari- 
scionef, P. : comparison, -parita, F. : 
appearance ; outside show, -parizione, 
F. } appearance in court ; court-summons. 

comparone [-pare], M. : (Jeit.) large 

com-parsa [-parire], P. : appearance, 
show ; PL. : silent characters (in a play). 
-parso, PART, of -parire. 

com=parte«ipare, INTR. : participate 
with another, -parte-eipazione, F. : 
participating with. -parte«ipe, M. : 
participator, sharer. 

com-partimento, M.: division, compart- 
ment. Ilzpartire, TR.: divide (compart); 
impart ; grant, -partitore, M. : di- 

comparvi, pret. of comparire. 

compdscnot, "<■ ■ pasture. 

compas-sare [so], TR. : measure with 
the compass ; weigh (consider). 

com-passiouamentot, M. . compassion. 
-passionare, TR. : compassionate, pity. 

-passionatore, M. : compassionate per- 

oompii 105 

son, ||=passi6ne, P. : compassion (pity). 
-passionevole, ADJ.: merciful; piteous, 
miserable, -passionevolmente, ADV. : 
pitifully, -passivot, adj. : compassion- 
ate, merciful. 

com^passo, M.: compass; compartmentt: 
a — , measuredly ; parlare col — , speak 
in measured terms. 

compati-Tiile, adj. : worthy of pardon ; 
compatible, -bilita, F. : compatibility. 
-liiliueiite, adv. : compatibly, -men- 
to, M. : indulgence, pardon. Ilcompati- 
re [patire], tr. : excuse ; pity. 

comzpatriotta, M.,F., ^patriotto, M.: 

com^patrono, M. : patron saint ; patron 
of a benefice. 

com-patt^zza, P.: compactness. |!-pat- 
toi [L. -pactum (pingere, fix)], adj.: 
compact, dense, solid; (typ.) solid (un- 
leaded); M.f: compactness. 

compattof 2, M. : compact, covenant. 

oompazienteinentef, ADV. : patiently. 

cpmpen-diare, TR. : shorten, epitomize. 
-diatore, M. : abridger. Hcompen- 
dio [L. -dium], M.: compendium (epitome). 
-diosamente, ADV. : compendiously. 
-diosit&, P. : compendiousness. -dioso, 
ADJ. : compendious. 

compen-sabile, ADJ. : that may be com- 
pensated, -sagionef = -sazione. -sa- 
mentof, M. : recompense. ||-saro [L.], 
TR. . compensate (recompense), -sativo, 
ADJ. : compensatory, -satore, M. : com- 
pensator, -sazione, P. : compensation. 
compen-so, M. : compensation. 

compera. . = compra. ., fart., ADJ. : competent. 
-tentemente, ADV. : competently, -ten- 
tissim.o, ADJ. : most competent, -ten- 
za, F. : competency : stare a — , compete. 
Ilcompe-tere [L. (petere, seek)], intr.: 
compete; dispute; belong to (concern); 
be convenientf. -titoro, M.: competitor. 

coinpia-«eiite, ADJ. : complaisant, amia- 
ble, -'eentissimo, ADJ. : superl. of -cen- 
te. -«enza, P. : complaisance ; compla- 
cency. Il-eere [piacere], ire. ; intr. : 
PLEASE (satisfy) ; eepl. : take pleasure 
in ; be pleased (condescend). -«evolet, 
ADJ. : complaisant ; delightful, -eimen- 
to, M. : pleasure ; condescension ; appro- 
bation, compia-cqni, PBET. of -cere. 
-cinto, PART, of -cere. 

com=piangere, IRR. ; TR. : pity ; bewail. 
-piansi, FRET, -pianto, FART. : pitied ; 
M. : lamentation. 

com=piegare, TR. : fold together, en- 

com-piei, FRET, of -pire. Hoom-piere 
= -pire. -pieta, P. : complin (last ca- 
nonical hour), -pii, FEET, of -pire. 



oompi^rliaret, TB. : understand ; befl. : 
coagulate. ' 

compijrliot, M. : beehive. 

oompila-meutot, M. : compilation. Hcoin- 
pil&-re [L. (pilare, plunder)], TB.: com- 
pile (collect), -tore, M., -tri«e, P. : 
compiler, -lazione, F. : compilation. 

oom-pimento, M. : completion, perfec- 
tion. Il-pire [L. com-plere, PILL], IRR.§ ; 
TB. : COMPLETE, accOMPLlSH. -pitamen- 
te, ADV. : completely; politely. 

Ind.: Pres. cdnt~pio or -pisco. Ipf. cotn- 
piva or -pUva. Subj. : Pres. c6tn-pta or -pi- 
sca. Impf. com-pissi or -pUssi, I've c6tn-pi 
or -pisci, Ger. compihido. Part, com-pito 
or -pi-uto. 

oompi-tare [variant of computore], intr. : 
spell; TB.f: compute, -tazione, F. : 

com-pitezza [-j)ire], F. : completionf ; 
politeness, -pitissimo, adj. : superl. of 
-pitoi. -pitoi, PART, of -pire: com- 
pleted; accomplished (polite). 

compito 2 [variant of eomputo], M.: task ; 
accountt : a — , scantily, barely. 

com-pitore, M. : finisher, -pintamen- 
te, ADV. : completely. ||-piato, part. 
of -pire. 

compla-eenzaf = compiacenza. 

com.ple=auno, M. : birth-day ; ANNiver- 
sary. -meuto [L. -memiam (plere, PILL)], 
M. : complement. 

comples-siouato, ADJ. : complexioned. 
-sione, P. : complexion ; constitution. 
-sita, P. : complexity, -sivameute, 
ADV. : complexly, -sivo, adj. : together 
(generally). Hcomples-so [L. corn-ple- 
xus (pleetere, twist)], adj.: complex; 
strong ; M. : mass, generality : in — , in 

comple-tare, TB. : complete, -tivo, 
ADJ. : completive. ||coiuple-to \L. -tus 
(plere, FILL)], ADJ.: complete, entire, -to- 
rio, ADJ. : complementary. 

compli-care [L. (plicare, fold)], tr. : 
complicate ; repl. : become complicated. 
-cazioue, P. : complication. 

o6inpli-«e [L. com pleetere, twist], adj. : 
participating ; M. : accomplice, -eita, p. : 

oompli-mentare, TR. : compliment. 
-mentario, ADJ. : complimentary ; M. : 
complimenter (envoy), -mentino, M. : 
delicate compliment. H-mento [eomple- 
mento\u.: compliment (courtesy), -men- 
tosamente, ADV. : in a complimentary 
manner, -meutoso, ADJ. : compliment- 
ary ; M. : flatterer, compli-re f, tr. : 
fulfil; complete. 

compluvio [L. -vium], m. : (arch.) com- 
pluvium (opening for 'rain' in Rom. build- 

oom-ponente, PAKT. : composing, form- 


ing ; M. : component, ingredient. ||-p6- 
nere, pop. for -porre. -ponimento, 
M. : composition; modestyf. -ponitopef, 
M., -ponitricet, P. : author ; (mus.) com- 
poser. = porre, IBR. ; TB. : compound 
(compose) ; form (arrange) ; conciliatef; 
EEFL. : be composed. 

compor-tabile, ADJ. : supportable, -ta- 
bilmente, ADV. : supportably. ||-tare 
[L. (poriare, carry)], tb. : bear (endure, 
tolerate, Eng. comportf) ; permit (al- 
low) ; REPL. : conduct one's self ; contain 
one's self, -tevolmentef, ADV. : suffi- 
ciently, compor-to, M. : days of grace. 
composi, PBET. of comporre. 
composi-to \L. -tus (ponere, put)], ADJ. : 
(arch.) composite, -toio, M. : printer's 
composing-stick, -tore, M. : composer; 
compositor. - tnra f, P. : composition. 
-zioii«eIla, -zioii«ina, P. : little com- 
position. - zione , P. : composing ; com- 
position; agreement; component parts. 
-zionu««ia, P. : poor composition. 
comzpossessione. P., =pos8e8so, M. : 
joint possession. =possess6re, M. : joint 

compo-sta, P. : compote, -stamente, 
ADV. : composedly, -stezza, F. : compo- 
sure. Ilcompo-sto [-rre'], past.: com- 
posed (mixed) ; sedate (serious); artificial; 
M. : composition (mixture). 
oompra, P., -mentof, M. : purchase. 
Ilcompra-re [L. com-parare, procure], 
TB. : buy (purchase), -tore, M. : pur- 
compren-denzaf. P.: comprehension. 
Ileompren-dere [com-, p. .], lER. ; TB. : 
COMPBISB (contain); comprehend (under- 
stand), -dibilet, adj. : comprehensible. 
-dimento, M. : comprehension; districtf. 
-ditivo'l', adj. : comprehensive, -dito- 
re, M. : he that comprehends, -ddnio, 
M. : (jest.) understanding, -sibile, adj. : 
comprehensible, -sione, F. : comprehen- 
sion, -siva, p. : understanding, intelli- 
gence, -sivamente, ADV. : comprehen. 
sibly. -sivo, ADJ. : comprehensive. 
com-presi, PBET., -preso, PART, of -prm- 
com-pressa, p.: compress, -pressi, 
FRET, of -primer e. -pressione. P.: com- 
pression, -presso, PART, of -primere. 
-primente, PART., ADJ. : compressing. 
II -primere [L.], IBB.§ ; TB. : compress; 

§ Pret. comprh-st, -se ; -sero. Part, com- 

oompro, pop. for comprato. 
comprobaret ^ comprovare, 
oompro - messo, part., adj. : compro- 
mised ; M. : compromise (arbitration). 
-mettente, PAET., ADJ.: compromising. 


||=inettero [pro-mettere], mR.; TR.: com- 
promise, endanger ; repl. : compromise 
one's self. -■,TS.Kt.ot-'meUere. -mis- 
sario,M.: arbitrator; referee, -mitten- 
te, PART., ADJ. : compromising. 

oom^proprieta, F. : joint proprietorship. 
=proprietario, M. : joint proprietor. 

oompro-vabile, ADJ. : approvable. -va- 
m^ntof, M. : approbation. H-vare [L. 
-bare], TR. : approve (accept), -vatore, 
M. : approver, -vazionet, F. : approba- 
tion, attest. 

oompngn. . = compung. . 

oompnlsaret, TR. : compel (summon to 

oomrpnngere, IRR. ; TR. : prick bard; 
afflict, grieve, -punsi, fret, of pungere. 
-puntamente, ADV. : with compunction. 
-pnntivo, adj. : touching, compunctious. 
-punto, PART. : grieved, repentant. 
-pnnzione, F. : compunction (remorse). 

oompn-tabile, ADJ. : computable. ||-ta- 
re [L. (putare, reckon)], TR. : compute, 
calculate, -tista, m. : computer (ac- 
countant), -tisteria, F. : accountant- 
ship, -tistico, ADJ. : of an accountant. 
oompn-to, M. : computation : — eccle- 
siastico, church calendar. 

comu-nat ^ -Jie (/.). H-nale [-ne], 
ADJ. : common (public) ; comment (ordi- 
nary), -nalmentef, adv. : in common. 
-nalta, F. : community, -nanza, F. : 
community (participation); society, -nar- 
do, M. : communist. 

comuncTiet = comunque. 

comd-ne [L- communis], ADJ. : common 
(general; ordinary); M. : majority; gen- 
eral public ; F. : community, town, -ndl- 
la, F. : communityt; common cause (in 
far — , combine, connive), -nello, M. : 
small community, -nemente, adv.: 
generally, -nicaliile, ADJ.: communica- 
ble; affablef. -nicabilita, F.: com- 
municability. -nioando, ADJ. : commu- 
nicating ; M. : communicant (for the first 
time], -nicare, TR. : communicate; 
REFL. : receive the communion (commune); 
INTR.: have intercourse, -nicativa, f.: 
faculty in imparting one's thoughts, -ni- 
cativo, ADJ.: communicable, -nica- 
zione, F. : communication ; communionf. 
-nichiaof, M. : host (consecrated wafer). 
-nione, F. : communion, participation; 
sacrament. - nismo , M. : communism. 
-nista, M. : communist, -nita, F. : com- 
munity, -native, more us'ly -nale. 
-mdnot = -ne. 

comnn-qne [L. quomodo, how, uteum- 
que, soever], -qnemente, ADV. : in what- 
ever manner ; however. 

con pi. -cum], prep. : with ; against ; — 
eid tia ehe = eoneiosiiaehi. 



oon4to [L. -nari, attempt], M. : attempt, 

c6n-ca [L. -eha, conch], F. : washing-ves- 
sel, basin, tub ; tubful ; low place, valley ; 
shellf. -oaio, M. : tub maker or seller. 

oon=cambia, M. : exchange; recompense. 

oonoajneraret,TR.: (arch) concamerate. 

conoata [-ca], P. : tubful. 

conoate-nam^nto, M. : concatenation. 
Il-naro [catena], TR. : concatenate (link 
together), -natnra, -nazione, F. : 
concatenation, chain. 

oon=oaasa, F. : concause, joint cause. 

oonca-vita, F.: concavity. ||cdnca-vo 
[L. -vus (cavus, hollow)], adj. : concave ; 
M. : concavity. 

oon«e-dere [con-,c. .], irr.; tr. : concede 
(grant; admit), -dibile, adj.. admis- 
sible, -dimento, M. : concession, -di- 
tore, M. : granter. -dnto, part. 

coueento [L. -tus (com-canere, sing)], M. . 
harmony (concert). 

coneen-tramento, M. : concentration. 
Il-traro [cerafro], TR. : concentrate; INTR.: 
meet in a centre, -trazione, F. : con- 
centration, -tricamente, ADV. : con- 
centrically. con«en-trioo, ADJ. : con- 

con«e-pibile, ADJ. : conceivable, -pii, 
FRET, of -pire. -pimento, M. : concep- 
tion. II -pipe [L. con-cipere (capere, 
take)], IRR.§; TR. : conceive; form, 

§ Reg. : or (poet.) Pres. conc^-pe ; -pono. 
Part. co7ice-piito. 

con«er-nente, PART., ADJ. : concerning, 
relating to. -nenzaf, F. : concernment, 
interest. ||oon«er-nere [L., mix to- 
gether], TR. : concern (regard), -nevo- 
lef, ADJ. : concerning, -tare \.-td], TR. : 
concert (bring into harmony); direct a re- 
hearsal; REFL.: agree to. -tato, part. 
of -tare ; M. : agreement, concert, -ta- 
tore, M., -tatri«e, F. : concerter, plan- 
ner, -tiuo, M. : little concert, -tista, 
M. : conoert-giver, concert-artist, con- 
«6p-to [part, of -nere], M.: concert (con- 
certo, musicale); agreement: di — , by 
agreement, jointly. 

con«es-si, PRET. of coneedere. -siona- 
rio, M. : grantee, -sione, F. : conces- 
sion; grant; permission, -sivo, ADJ.: 
concessive. Hoonees-so, part, of con- 
eedere. -s6re, M. : granter. 

con«et-ta, F. : concept. -ta««io, M. : 
poor idea, -tine, M. : idea, -tivo, adj. : 
conceptive. -tizzaref, INTR. : find ideas, 
utter witticisms. Hcon-eet-to [L. eon- 
ceptus (capere, take)],M. : conceit, thought, 
idea, opinion ; mind, -tone, m. : (jest. 
or iron.) good idea; great imagination. 
-tosam^ntn, ADV, ; thoughtfully, -tdso, 



ADJ. : full of ideas, -tnale, ADJ. : con- 
ceptual, -tismo, M. : conceptualism. 
-tn««io, -tuzzo, disp. of -cetto. con- 
«ezi6ue, P.: conception; Lady-day; 
thought, comprehension. 

oou-cTi-etta, F. : small shell. W-bhiglia 
[Gr. koncMlion (kdnche)], p. : conch, 
shell, -chiglietta, -cjiifrlina, dim. 
of -chiglia. -cMliaeeo, adj. : composed 
of shells. -c7i.ili=f6rine, ADJ. : formed 
like shells. 

oonoMud. . = conclud. . 

c6n-«ia, P. : tanning, dressing ; tannery ; 
adulteration of wines f. -ciaia = con- 
cimaia. -eiaiolo, M. : tanner. ~eia- 
lana, P.: wool-comber. ||-«iare [1. L. 
comptiare (L. comptus, part, of comere, 
prepare, adorn)], tr. : dress (skins), tan ; 
comb (wool, etc.); prepare, fix; belabour, 
whip ; spoil, soil. -«iat6re, M. : tanner. 
-eiatnra, P. : dressing. 

oon«ierot, M. : emendation, correction. 

coii.«i-£rliot = -lio. -liabile, ADJ. : con- 
ciliable. -liabilita, P. : possibility of 
conciliating. -liabolo, M. : assembly 
(for an evil purpose); conciliabule. -lia- 
mento, M. : conciliation, -liare, TR. : 
conciliate ; repl. : become reconciled ; 
settle (an affair), -liaref, adj. : con- 
ciliary, -liativo, adj. : conciliatory. 
-liatore, M. : conciliator, -liatri-ee, 
P. : peacemaker, -liazione, F. : con- 
ciliation. ||con«i-lio [L. -Hum (calare, 
call)], M. : council ; church council ; delib- 

oon«i-inaia, P.: dung yard, -mare, TR.: 
dung, manure land. ||co]i«i-ine [concio], 
M. : manure, compost. 

con«inni-tat, P. : concinnity (elegance). 

con-eino [-ciare], M. : tan-bark, con- 
cio, PART. : pop. for coneiato, dressed ; 
M. : dung ; worthless thing or person ; or- 
nament (gildingt). 

oon«iofossecosac/ie = eonciossiacosa- 

con-eio-nare, intr. : preach ; harangue. 
-natore, M. : concionator, preacher, -na- 
torio, ADJ. : pertaining to preaching ; 
M. : preacher, -natriee, P. : preacher. 
||oou«i6-ne [L. contio for con-venti6\, 
P. : CONVENTION (assembly), congregation ; 
sermon ; speech. 

oon='ei6 = ssia(=cosa) = c7i.e -e [ssia for 
sia\, OONJ. : inasmuch asf; now used to 
mock stilted or pedantic language. 

con-ei-samente, ADV. : concisely, -sio- 
no, P. : concision. Hoon-ei-so [L. -sus, 
(cadere, cut)], adj. : concise (brief). 

coii«i-storiale, ADJ. : consistorial. -std- 
riof, ll-stopo [L. con-sistorium], M. : 
consistory ; assembly. 

oon«ita-iuento, M. : agitation. Hcon- 


cita - re [L. (-cire, stir)], TR. : excite 
(agitate, Eng, concitef); provoket. -ta- 
mente, adv. : agitatedly, -tivo, adj. : 
exciting, stimulating, -tore, m. : inciter. 
-zione, P. : agitation. 
oon«itta-diita, F. : f ellow-citizeness. -di- 
nanza, F. : fellow-citizenship. ||-dino 
[eittadino], M. : fellow-citizen. 

concla-ve [L. (davis, key)], M. : conclave 
(rooms where the cardinals are 'secluded' 
when choosing a pope ; the body of cardi- 
nals), concla-viot, M.: closet, cabinet. 
-vista, M. : member of the conclave. 

conclu-dente, FART., ADJ. : concluding. 
-dentemeute, ADV. : conclusively, -den- 
za, F. : conclusiveness. ||coucld-dere 
[L. (claudere, cIiOSe)], IRR. (cf. accludere); 
TR. : conclude, finish ; pressf, enclose. 
conclu-si, FRET, ot-dere. -sionaeeia, 
F. : bad conclusion, -sionale, ADJ. : 
conclusive, -sion-eella, dim. of -$ione. 
-sioue, F. : conclusion ; consequence : in 
— , in fine, -sivamente, ADV. : con- 
clusively, -sivo, ADJ.: conclusive, con- 
clu-so, PART, of -dere. 

con=cdeere, IRR.; TR.: digest (Eng.f con- 
coct); INTR., REPL. : change into nourish- 

concolaf, P. : small shell ; small hand 

concomi-tante [L. -tans {comes, com- 
panion)], ADJ. : concomitant, -tanza, 
F. : concomitance. 

ooncor-dabile, ADJ.: concordable. -dan- 
te, PART., ADJ. : concordant, harmonious. 
-dantementef, ADV. : concordantly, 
suitably, -danza, p.: concordance, agree- 
ment, -dare, intr. : agree ; TR. : rec- 
oncile, -datamente f, ADV. : harmo- 
niously, -date, PART., ADJ.: agreed, 
harmonious ; M. : agreement ; concordat. 
||conc6r-de [L. -s (cor, heart)], adj. : 
concordant (harmonious, unanimous), -de- 
mente, adv. : harmoniously, unanimous- 
ly, -devolef, ADJ. : conformable, -de- 
volmentef, ADV. : harmoniously, con- 
cor-dia, p. : concord (harmony). 

concor-rente, PART., ADJ.: concurrent; 
M. : competitor. -rSnza, p. : competi- 
tion. Ilconcor-rere [con-, c. .], IRR.; 
INTR. : run together ; concur ; contribute 
(said of causes). conc6r-si, pret. of 
-rere. concor-so, part, of -rere; M. : 
concourse, throng. 

concotto, PART, of concocere. 

con=creare, TR. : concreate (create to- 
gether), -oreato, PART. : innate (in- 

Conor e-tamente, adv. : concretely, -ta- 
re, TR. : come to concrete terms ; con- 
clude, -tezza, p. : concreteness. ||con- 
crd-to [L. -tus (creseere, grow)], adj.: 


concrete (specific) ; m. : concrete, -zione, 
F. : concretion. 

oonoubi-na [L. (cubare, lie down)], P. : 
concubine. -nario, M. : concubinary. 
-nato, M. : concubinage, cononbi-to, 
M. : lying together. 

oonculca-bile, ADJ. : fit to be trampled 
upon. Il-'re [L. (calx, heel)], TR. : con- 
culcate, trample upon, -tore, M., -tri«e, 
p. : trampler. -zione t, F. : trampling 

coi]iciid«ere = coneocere. 

ooncnpi-re [L. con-eupere], TR. : desire 
ardently, -scenza, -scdnziat, P. : con- 
cupiscence, -'sceret = -re. -scevolef, 
ADJ. : conoupiscible. 

concns-saref, TR. : concuss, shake, -sa- 
toref, M.: shaker. Hconcns-sione [L. 
-no (con quatere, shake)], F.: concussionf; 
extortion, -sivof, adj. : conoussive. 

condan-na, F. : condemnation, sentence ; 
fine, -nabile, adj.: condemnable. -na- 
gionet. P., -namentot = -no. Il-nare 
(con-, d. .], TR. : condemn (sentence ; re- 
ject); compel, -nato, part, of -nare; 
M. : condemned person (prisoner), -na- 
tore, M. : condemner. -natorio, Adj. : 
condemnatory, -nazione, P. : condemna- 
tion, -nevole, ADJ. : condemnable. 

conde«en-tet, ADJ. : decent, -temen- 
tet, ADV. : decently. 

con-degnamente, ADV.: condignly. 
-degnitaf, -de^fnitadef, -degrnita- 
tef, P. : condignness. H-de^no [L. -dig- 
nus (worthy)], ADJ. : condign (suitable). 

condenn. .f = eondann. . 

conden-sabile, ADJ. : condensable, -sa- 
mento, M. : condensation. ||-sare [L. 
(densus, dense)], TR. : condense ; intr. : 
become condensed, -satore, M. . con- 
denser, -sazione, P. : condensation. 
conden-sof, ADJ. : condensed. 

condescend. . = condiscend. . 

con-dimento, M. . condiment. ||-dire 
[L.], TR.: season ; assuage ; provide abund- 
antly ; soil (by spilling) ; preserve (pickle, 
cf. Eng.f conditb). 

condi-scendente, ADJ. : condescending. 
-scendSnza, P.: condescension. ||-scen- 
dere [con, d. .], IRR. ; intr. : condescend, 

con = discepola, P., -discepolo, M. : 

condi-scesi, PEET., -sceso, PART, of 

condito I [eondire], part. : seasoned. 

c6ndi-to 2i-, ADJ. : built, formed, -toref, 
M. : founder, author. 

conditdra [eondire], P. : seasoning, con- 

oon=dividere, IRR. ; TR. . share, divide 



oondizio-nale, ADJ.: conditional, -nal- 
mente, ADV. : conditionally. -nare, 
TR. : season, prepare (said of food) ; pre- 
pare, arrange, -natamente, ADV. : con- 
ditionally, -nato, PART., ADJ. : prepared, 
fit ; conditioned. -n«ella, dim. of -me. 
||condizi6-ne [L. condicio], F. : condi- 
tion (state); rank : a — ehe, on condition 

oondo-{7lianza, -grlienzaf, -lenzaf, 
P. : condolence. |l-lere [con-, d. .], iRR.; 
REFL. : condole with, condo-lsi, fret. 
of -lere. 

con=dominio, M. : joint dominion. 

condo-nabile, ADJ. : pardonable. ||-na- 
re [con-, d. .], TR. : condone (pardon ; re- 
mit), -natore, M. : pardoner, -nazio- 
ne, P. : condonation (pardon). 

condore [Sp. (Peruv.)], M. : condor. 

con-dotta, P. : conduct ; transportation, 
management ; escortf. -dottiere, -dot- 
tiero, M. : {mil.) leader (captain) ; con- 
dottieref, pi. -ri (leader of adventurers : 
14th Cent.); carrierf. -dotto, part, of 
-durre; M. : conduit (aqueduct; chan- 
nel) ; conductf. -dneeref ^ -durre. 
-da«evolet, ADJ. : conductive. -du«i- 
mentof, M. : conduct ; proceeding, -dn- 
«it6ret, M. : conductor ; instructor. 

conduplicazionef, P. : redoubling. 

con-ddrre [L. -ducere (lead)], IRR. (cf. 
addurre); TR. : conduct (guide); (a) lead 
to (result in); inducef; REPL. : come to; 
conduct one's self, -dussi, pret. of 
-durre. -duttof = -doWo; M. : guide. 
-dnttore, M., -duttriee, P.: conductor 
(manager); lessee; ADJ.: conducting, 
-dnttnraf. P.: conducting; coach, -dn- 
zione, P. : lease ; water-conveyance. 

conesta-bile [L. comes stabuli, COUNT of 
the stable], m. : constable (superior mili- 
tia-ofiicer; court-officer), -boleriaf, F.: 

confabula-re [L. -ri (fabulari, speak)], 
INTR. : chat together (confabulate), -to- 
rio, ADJ. : confabulatory. -zione, F. : 
familiar talk. 

confa-eente [-re], ADJ.: convenient (fit). 
--eentemente, adv. : conveniently, -cen- 
zat, F. : suitability, -eevolef, ADJ. : 
suitable, -eevolezzaf, P. : suitability. 
-eimentof, M. : conformity. 

confar-r(e)azi6ne [L. -reatio {far, 
spelt)], P. : confarreation (Rom. marriage 

cou=fare, IRR. ; INTR., REPL. : suit, befit ; 
agree with ; harmonize. 

confastidiaref, INTR., REPL.: grow tired 
of (be annoyed). 

confede-ramentof, M. : confederation, 
league. l|-rare [L. (fmdus, league)], 
INTR., REPL. : confederate, form a league ; 



TR. : join together, -rato, ADJ. : con- 
federate; M. : confederate, -rativo, 
ADJ.: confederative. -razidme, F.: con- 

confe- rente, part., adj.: conferring. 
-renza, F. : conference, -renziere, 
M. : conferree. -rimento, M. : confer- 
ring. II -ripe pj. eon-ferre (bear)], te. : 
confer (bestow); intk. : confer (consult); 
contribute ; TR.f : compare, -ritore, M., 
-ritri-ee, F. : conferrer (giver). 

confer-ma, -magionef, F. I confirma- 
tion. Ij-mare [L.'cow^^rmare], TR. : con- 
firm (strengthen, ratify), -mativo, ADJ.: 
confirmative, -matore, M. : confirmer. 
-matdrio, adj. : confirmatory, -ma- 
trice, F. : confirmer. -mazione, F. : 
confirmation, coufer-mo, ADJ. : con- 

confes-samentot, M. : confession, -sa- 
re, TK. : confess ; declare ; refl. : make 
confession (to a priest), -satore, M. : 
confessor, -sionale, adj. : of the con- 
fession ; M. : confessional, -sionario, 
M. : confessional ; ofiice of confessor. 
-sion-eella, dim. of -sione. -sione, M.: 
confession. ||confes-so \L. -sus\, adj. : 
confessed, -sorato, M. : office of confes- 
sor ; hour of confession (in convents, etc.). 
-soref, -sore, M. : father confessor. 

confet-tare, TR.: candy; preserve, -ta- 
tore, M. : confectioner, -tiera, F. : 
candy-box. -tiere =■ -turiere. -tino, 
M. : small comfit, jlconfet-to [L. con- 
/eciMS (/ocerc, make)], ADJ. : candied; M.: 
COMFIT (confection) : (jest.) -ti di mon- 
tagna, Arf chestnuts, -tura, F. : comfit, 
sugarplum, -tnreria, F. : confectionery 
shop, -turiere, M.: confectioner, con- 
fezio]iare,TR.: make confections, con- 
fezione, F.: mixture; artificial composi- 
tion; comfitf. 

conficca-mento, M. : nailing. Hconfio- 
ca-re \ficcare\, TR. : fasten ; nail, -tu- 
ra, F. : nailing, driving in. 

confi-dameiitot, H., -danza, F. : confi- 
dence. II -dare [L. con-fidere (trust)], 
TE. : confide (entrust) ; intr. : confide 
(trust ; feel sure), -dente, ADJ. : confid- 
ing; M.: confidant, -dentemente, adv.: 
confidently, -denza, F. : confidence ; fa- 
miliarity (intimacy), -deuziale, adj. : 
confidential ; familiar, -denzialmente, 
ADV. : confidentially, ooni^-dot, adj. : 

coii=Kggere, IRR. ; TR. : nail. 

confi^u-rare [jigura], TR. : configure, 
represent in a figure. -razi6ne, F. : 

confi-nante, ADJ.: near, contiguous, -na- 
re, TR. : banish ; confine ; intr. : border 
upon ; REFL. : limit one's self. Hconfi- 


ne [L. (finis, end)], M. : confine (border); 

cou^fingeref, IRR. ; TR. : counterfeit. 

con^noi pop. for confine. 

confi-sca, F. : confiscation. ||- scare 
[L. (fiscus, basket)], tr.: confiscate, -sca- 
zionef, F. : confiscation. 

confissi, pret. of configgere. 

con-fitentet, ADJ. : confessing. ||.JK- 
teor Pi., 'I confess'], m.: oonfiteor (Cath- 
olic prayer): dire (recitare) il ■ — , confess 
one's self. 

confltto, PART, of figgere. 

conflitto [L. -flietus {fligere, strike)], M. : 
conflict ; opposition. 

con-fluente, FART. : flowing together ; 
M. : confluence, -flnenza, P. : flowing 
together. ||-flnire [L. -fiuere (flow)], 
intr. : flow together (meet). 

confon-dere [con-,f. . (pour)], IRR.; TR.: 
CONFOUND (confuse, mistake); refl.: be- 
come confused, -dibile, adj. : confus- 
ing, -dimento, M. : confusion, -dito- 
ra, F., -ditore, M. : confounder. 

confor-mabile, ADJ.: conformable, -ma- 
re, TR. . conform ; refl. : adapt one's 
self (comply), -mativof, adj.: conform- 
able, -mazione, F. : conformation ; con- 
formity. ||conf6r-m.e [L. -mis], ADJ. : 
conformable, resembling; adv.: conform- 
ably to (according as), -memento, 
ADV. : conformably (suitably), -mevo- 
lof, ADJ. : conformable ; like, -mista, 
M. : conformist, -mita, F. : conformity. 

confor-tabile, ADJ. : that can be com- 
forted, -tabilmente, ADV. : comfort- 
ingly, -tagionef, P. : comfort (relief). 
-tante, adj. : comforting, -tanti, M. : 
stomachics (cordials for the stomach). 
Il-tare [L. (fortis, strong)],' tr. : comfort 
(strengthen, encourage) ; refl. : take 
courage, -tativo, ADJ.: comforting; 
M. : remedy (relief), -tatore, M., -ta- 
tri«e. P.: comforter (of the condemned). 
-tazionef, P. : comfort, -tevole, ADJ. : 
that can be comforted, -tinaiof, M. : 
maker or seller of spiced cakes, -tino, 
M. : kind help ; kind of sweet spice cakef. 

confor-to, M. : comfort (consolation); ex- 
hortation ; relief, last sacraments. 

com=fratet, -fratfello, M.: brother 
(fellow-member), -fraternita, F. : con- 
fraternity (religious brotherhood). 

confri-camento, M. : rubbing. ||-oare 
(L. (fricare, rub)], TR. : rub ; intr. : rub 
off (fray), -cazione, F. : rubbing ; fric- 

confronta - mentof, M. : confronting. 
Ijconfronta-re [fronte], TR. : confront 
(compare); intr.: be like, conform. 
-zionef, P. : confronting, meeting, con- 
fronto, M. : confronting (comparison) : 


a — , compared to, comparatively ; star a 

— , be equal to. 

comfiiggire, intr. : flee for refuge. 
oonfa-samente, ADV.: confusedly, -set- 
to, ADJ. : slightly confused, oonfd- 
si, PRET. of eonfondere. ||>si6ne [con- 

fondere], p. : confusion (perturbation) ; 
shame, -sissimo, adj. : superl. of -so. 
confd-so, FART. : confused, indistinct : 
alia -sa, confusedly. 

confu-t4bile, ADJ.: confutable, -ta- 
mento, M. : confutation. ||-tare [L.], 
TR. : confute (disprove) : -tarsi da si, con- 
tradict one's self, -tativo, ADJ.: con- 
futative. -tatore, M. : confuter. -ta- 
torio, ADJ. : confutative. -tazione, F.: 

con-gedare, TR. : give leave to depart ; 
dismiss. Il-gedo pr. -g6 (of. commiatoy], 
M. : leave (permission); farewell; leave of 
absence (furlough); discharge: dar — , 
dismiss; (mil.) discharge; prendere — , 
take one's leave, bid farewell. 

conge -^namento, M. : joining, union. 
-gnare, TR. : connect (join); adjust (put 
together, arrange skilfully). Iloonge- 
gno [ingegno], M. : joining (connection); 

oongela-m.ento,M.: congelation. ||con- 
gela-re [con-, g. .], DJTR., REFL. : con- 
geal, freeze, -tore, M. : freezer, -zio- 
net, F. : coagulation. 

coni=gdiiere, ADJ. : congeneric (of the 
same' kind). ||-genito [L. -genitus (gig- 
nere, beget)], ad'j. : congenital (innate). 

conge-rie [L. -ries {gerere, bring)], P. : 
congeries (heap). H-stione \L. -stio^ 
p.: congestion. 

congettn - pa [L. conjectura (Jacere, 
throw)], p. : conjecture, -rabile, ADJ. : 
conjecturable. -rale, ADJ. : conjectural. 
-ralmente, ADV.: conjecturally. -rare, 
TR. : conjecture, -ratore, M. : guesser. 

congfoiettnr. . = congettur. . 

congiof, M. : leave of absence. 

conging. .t = coniug. . 

congiuf^n. .f = eongiung. . 

oonginn - gere [eon-, g. .], lER. ; TR. : 
conjoin (unite); eepl. : unite one's self; 
fadd, annex, -gimento, M. : conjunc- 
tion, -ai, PRKT. of -gere. -'ta f, P- : wif e. 
-tamente, ADV. : conjointly, -tiva, F. : 
(med.) conjunctiva, -tivite, P. : (med.) 
conjunctivitis, -tivo, ADJ., M. : conjunc- 
tive (subjunctive), -'to, part, of -gere; 
M. PL. : relations, -tnra, P. : juncture ; 
circumstance, -zione, P. : conjunction. 

cougfa-ra, P. : conspiracy. ||-pare [L. 
(jnrare, swear)], intr. : conspire, con- 
jure ; plot, -rato, part. ; m. : conspira- 
tor, -ratore, M. : conspirator, -ra- 
zione f, F. : conspiracy. 



oonglolare [L. {globus, ball)], TR. : con- 

oonglomera-ret, TR. : conglomerate. 
-zionef, P. : conglomeration. 

oonglatin. . ^= agglutin. . 

congratnla-re [con g. .], REFL. : rejoice 
(with others, be glad); congratulate one's 
selff ; iNTR.f : give congratulation, -to- 
rio, ADJ. : congratulatory, -zione, P. : 

oongre-ga, P. : assembly (gathering). 
-gamentot, M. : aggregation (union). 
-ganzaf, F. : congregation. ||-gare 
[L. igrex, flock)], tr. : congregate, -ga- 
zione, P. : congregation (assemblage) ; 
charitable association ; assembling place. 

congresso [L.], M. : congress (convention). 

con-grua, P. : endowment, allowance (for 
a parish), -grnamente, adv. : con- 
gruously, -grnato, ADJ. : endowed. 
-gruente, ADJ. : congruent, suitable. 
-gruenza, P. : congruence, consistency. 
-grnita, P. : congruity. ||cdn-gruo 
[L. -gruere, coincide], ADJ. : congruous 

con-gua£rliare [con-, agguagliare], TR. : 
equalize ; intr. : be equal, -gnaglio, 
M. : equalization. 

conia [? -nio 2], p. : fun (joke) : uomo di 
— , jolly fellow (boon companion) ; far la 
— , joke, jest. 

conia-re [cuneo'], TR. : COIN (mint ; origi- 
nate words), -tore, M. : coiner, -tnra, 
p. : coinage. 

coni-camente, ADV.: conically. -eita, 
p. : conicalness. ||c6ni-co [cono], adj. : 

coniettur. .f = congettur. . 

conifero [cono], ADJ. : coniferous. 

co-ni^liae-eto, disp. of -niglio. -ni- 
£rliera, P. : rabbit-warren. ||-ni£rl£o 
[L. cuniculus], M. : coney (rabbit) ; cow- 
ard, -ni^liolo, pop. for -niglio. 

conioi [cuneo], M. : COIN (wedge); stamp. 

conio 2 == eogno. 

conin-gabile, ADJ. : able to be conju- 
gated, -gale, ADJ. : conjugal, -gal- 
mente, ADV.: conjugally. ||-gare [L. 
{root jug-, join)], tr. : conjugate (verbs); 
marry, unite, -gate, part., ADJ.: conju- 
gate, -gazione, P. : conjugation. 00- 
nin-ge, M. : spouse (consort), conid- 
giof,' M. : marriage. 

cbninn. .f = eongiun. . 

con meco, pop. for meco. 

connatara-le [natura], ADJ. : connatu- 
ral (natural, proper), -lita, P. : connat- 
urality. -'re, tr. : render of the same 
nature, adapt. 

connazionale [nazione], ADJ. : of the 
same nation ; M. : native. 

oou - nessam^nte, ADV. : connectedly. 

112 connessi 

-nessi, FRET, of -nettere. -nessione, 
-uessita, F. : connection (continuity). 
Il-nesso, PART, of -nettere. 

connestabile = eonestabile. 

connettere [co-, n. .], IRR. ; TR. : connect 

comni-vente [L. -vere, wink], ADJ. : con- 
niving, -venza, F. : connivance. 

connotato \notare\, M. : personal de- 
scription (on a passport, etc.). 

con-nubiale, ADJ.: connubial. H-nnbio 
[L. -Mum {nubere, veil)], m. : marriage. 

connnme-rare [numero], TR. : number. 
-razioue, F. : connumeration. 

aono [L. -nus], M. : CONE. 

conobM, PEET. of conoscere. 

•o-ndccMa, F. : bunch of flax, etc., on the 
distaff ; (poet.) distaff, -noidale, adj. : 
conoidal. ||-ndide [Gr. konos, cone, 
eidos, form], F. : conoid. 

conopeo [Gr. konopeiori], M. : mosquito 
net ; woman's baptismal veil. 

cono-sceute, ADJ. : knowing ; M. : ac- 
quaintance, -scentementet, ADV. : 
thankfully. -scenza, F. : cognizance 
(knowledge); acquaintance. Hcono-scere 
pj. eo-gnoscere (know)]ier.§; tr. : know 
(cognize); comprehend; experience ; taste ; 
EEFL. : acknowledge one's self, -scibile, 
ADJ. : knowable (cognoscible). -scibili- 
ta, F. : cognoscibility. -scimento, M. : 
reason, knowledge, -scitivo, adj. : per- 
ceptible, -scitore, M., -scitrice, F. : 
connoisseur, -scitupaf, F. : knowledge, 
-scintamonte, ADV.: knowingly, -sclu- 
to, PART, of -scere. 

§ Pret. con6b~ii, -be ; -hero. Part, cono- 

conqaas-samentof = -to. ||-sare [L. 
(quassare, shake)], TR. : shake ; dash. 
-saziouef, F., conquas-so, M. : shak- 
ing ; discord (tumult). 

con-qnidere [L. con-quirere, seek for], 
IER.§ ; TR. : importune (with QUESTions 
etc.), annoy ; aiflict ; conquer ; repl. : 
fret one's self, grieve, -quisi, pret., 
-qniso, PART, of -quidere. -qnista, F. : 
conquest, -qnistabile, ADJ. : conquer- 
able, -qnistameutof, M. : conquest. 
-quistare, TR. : conquer (overcome). 
-qnistatore, M., -quist.atri«e, F. : 

§ Defect. ; Perf . conqui-st, -se ; -sero. Part. 

consa-crabile, ADJ. : that can be conse- 
crated, -crante, M.: oonsecrator. ||-cra- 
re [L. con-secrare (saeer, sacred)], TR. : 
consecrate ; authorize ; refl. : devote 
one's self, -crazione, F. : consecration. 

consagra. . =: consacra. . 

consan - guineita, F. : consanguinity. 
Il-guineo [L. -guineus (sanguis, blood)]. 


ADJ.: consanguineous; M.: kinsman, -gni- 
nita, F. : consanguinity. 

consapevo-le [con-, s. .], ADJ.: conscious 
of : far — uno, inform a person, -lezza, 
F.: consciousness. -Imente, adv.: con- 

conscenderef = condiseendere. 

conscienziaf ^ coscienza. ||cdn-sc{o 
[L. -seius (scire, know)], ADJ. : conscious. 

conscrif. . ^= eoscri. . 

consecraf. . = consacra. . 

consecn-tivamente, ADV.: consecutive- 
ly ; consequently. ||-tivo [L. -tus (sequi, 
follow)], ADJ. : consecutive. -zionet.P.: 

conse-gna, F. : consignment (commis- 
sion) ; command ; slight military punish- 
ment: dar «» bimbo in — , put a child 
out to nurse. H-grnare [con-, s. .], TK.; 
consign, deliver ; intrust : — alia memo- 
ria, commit to memory, -jfnazionet 
= -gna. 

conse-guente, FART., ADJ. : ensuing, con- 
sistent; M. : consequence, -gnente- 
mente, ADV. : consequently, -gnenza, 
F. : consequence (result); authority, -gai- 
bile, ADJ. : obtainable, -gnim^uto, 
M. : attainment. ||-gaire [con-, s. .], 
TR. : acquire (obtain) ; intr. : follow (re- 
sult) ; happen, -guitar e, intr. : follow 
(ensue); TE.t: follow; obtain (wrongly). 

consen-so, M. : consent, -taneo, adj. : 
consentaneous (consistent, corresponding). 
-timento, M. : accord; consent. H-tire 
[con-, s. .], TR. : allow (grant); intr. : con- 
sent (agree, permit), -titamente, ADV. : 
consentingly. -titore, M. : consenter. 
-ziente, PART., ADJ. : consenting. 

consequen. . = conseguen. . 

couserbaf, F. : store-room. 

conserto [L. -severe, join], ADJ. : inter- 
twined, joined ; M.t ^ concerto. 

oonser-va, F. : preserve; store-room; 
store, pantry, etc. : — d' acqua, reservoir 
of water; — de' pesci, fish-pond; andar 
di — , go together, -vabile, ADJ. : con- 
servable. -vadoref = -vatore. -vs.- 
gionef = -vazione. ||-vare [L. servare, 
save], te. : preserve (keep ; mamtain); 
REFL. : keep (last), -vativo, ADJ. : con- 
servative, -vatore, M. : preserver ; con- 
servative : liquidi -vatori, preserving 
liquids (alcohol, etc.). -vatorio, M. : 
refuge ; workhouse ; conservatory ; acad- 
emy ; ADJ. : preservative. -vatri«e, P.: 
preserver, -vazione, F. : conservation. 
-vevolet, ADJ. . conservable. 

cousesso [L. -ssum (sedere, SIT)], M. : as- 
sembly (assemblage). 

consettaiaolof, M. : fellow-sectary. 

conside-rabile, ADJ. : considerable, -ra- 
bilmente, ADV. : considerably, -ra- 


m^ntof, M. : consideration, -rando, 
M : consideration (stipulation), -ranzaf, 
F. : consideration. ||-pare [L. (sidus, 
star)], TR. : consider (meditate on ; esteem, 
regard; contemplate), -ratamente, 
ADV. : considerately, -rato, ADJ. : es- 
teemed; thoughtful, -ratore, M. : con- 
siderer. -razion«ella, P. : slight con- 
sideration, -razione, F. : consideration 
(deliberation ; regard); commentary. -t6- 
vole, ADJ.: considerable, -revolmente, 
ADV. : considerably. 

oonsi-gliameiitot, M. : counsel, -glia- 
re, TK. : counsel ; refl. : consult ; re- 
solve, -gliatamente, ADV. : deliberate- 
ly, prudently, -grlf ato , part. : counselled ; 
prudent, -gliatora,, F., -^rliatore, M. : 
counsellor, -gliera, F., -gliere, M., 
F., -gliero, M. : counsellor. -^Iferino, 
M. : young counsellor. -^lietto, M. : 
brief counsel. Iloonsi-glio [L. -Hum], 
M. : counsel (advice), resolution ; prudence ; 
remedy ; council, -gliare, ADJ. : con- 

con-simigliaret, TR. : make alike. ||=si- 
mile, ADJ.: similar (alike), -similmen- 
te, ADV. : similarly. 

consi-stente, FART., ABJ. : consisting ; 
firmf, durable, -stenzaf, -stenziaf, F. : 
consistency; maturity. ||consi-stere 
[L. (stare, stand)], intr. (part, -stito) : 
consist (in, in); persistf: non -ste, it does 
not matter, -stdriof, -storo = conci- 

oonsobrinof, M. : cousin-german. 

conso-«iare [L. (sociare, join)], tr. : as- 
sociate, -eiazionef, F. : consociation, 
league, conso-eio, M. : associate. 

consodalef, M. : companion. 

Gonso-laliile, ADJ. : consolable. -la- 
mentof, M. : consolation, -lautissimo, 
ADJ. : very consoling, -lanzaf, F. : con- 
solation. Il-larei [L. (solari, solace)], 
TR. : console ; EEPL. : console one's self ; 
congratulate one's self. 

consolaTe2 [L.-sularis],AliJ.: consular. 

consola-tamente, ADV. : quietly, com- 
fortably, -tissimo, ADJ. : perfectly con- 
soled, -tivof, ADJ. : consolatory, con- 
sola-to I [-re], part., adj. . consoled, 

consolato 2 [L. -sulatus], M. : consulship. 

consola-tore [-re], M. : consoler, -to- 
riamentef, adv.: consolingly, -torio, 
adj.: consolatory, -tri-ee, F.: consoler. 
-zione, F. : consolation ; alleviation. 

console [L. consul], M. : consul. 

•onsoli-damento, M. : consolidation, so- 
lidification. Il-dare [L. (solidus, solid)], 
TR. : consolidate (render firm); refl.: 
consolidate (grow firm, unite), -dativo, 
ADJ. : censolidative. 



consolof M. : consolation, comfort. 

consolof = console. 

consomigUaref, TR. : make like. 

conso-uante, ADJ. : harmonious ; M. : 
consonant, -nantementef, ADV. : con- 
sonantly, -nanza, F. : rhyme ; harmony ; 
concord. ||-nare [L. sonare, sound], 
INTR. : harmonize, accord. c6nso-no, 
ADJ. : consonant. 

consopitof, ADJ. : overcome with sleep ; 

con=sordlla, F. : sister (as member of 
the same sisterhood). 

con-sorte [L. -sors (sors, fate)], M., F. : 
consort ; partner, -sorteria, P. : polit- 
ical clique ; companyf. -sortof = -sorte. 
-sorziale, ADJ. : of a society, -sorzio, 
M. : company, society. 

consostauz. . = consustanz. . 

consp. .f = cosp. . 

con^stare, INTR. : be manifest or evi- 
dent ; be composed of. 

consti. -t, constr. .f = costi. ., costr... 

consne-tamente, ADV. : habitually, ac- 
cording to custom. ||consue-to [L. 
-tus (suere, be used, suus, own)], adj. : ac- 
CDSTOMBD (customary, usual, Eng.f CON- 
suETudinal) ; m. : custom : di (per) — , ac- 
cording to custom, -tudinario, ADJ. . 
customary, -tudine, P. ; custom, habit. 

consn-laref, ADJ. : consular. ||-leute 
[L. -lere, consult], adj. : consulting, con- 
su-lta, P. : consultation ; consultation- 
hall. -Itamente, ADV. : deliberately. 
-Itare, TR. : consult ; inte. : confer with. 
-Itativo = -Uivo. -Itatore, M., -Ita- 
tri«e, P. : consulter. -Itazione, P. : 
consultation ; judicial opinion. -Itivo, 
ADJ. : consulting, consu-lto, M. ; con- 
sultation of physicians ; written advice. 
-Itore, ADJ. : consulting ; M. : consulter. 
-Itdrio, ADJ. : consultative. 

consn-ma, P. : consumption : andare alia 
— , use up everything, -mabile, adj. : 
consumable. -ma=-eervelli, M., invar.: 
addle pate, -mamento, M. : consump- 
tion, sorrow, -manzaf, P. : consumption, 
ruin. Il-mare [L. con-sumere (take)], 
IRR. § ; TR. : consume (waste ; dissipate) ; 
perfectf; REFL. : be consumed (be used 
up) ; waste (pine away) ; pine (de, for)t. 
-matissimo, ADJ. : entirely consumed ; 
very well skilled, -mativof, adj. : con- 
suming, -mate, PART., ADJ. : consumed 
(worn out) ; skilled ; M. : strong broth. 
-matore, M., -matri-ee, P. : consumer. 
-mazione, P.: consumption; waste; 
end : fin' alia — de' secoli, till the end of 
the world, -me, M.: strong broth, com- 
sn-mo, M. . consumption, use. -ntivo, 
ADJ. : consuming, corrosive ; M. : con- 
sumption, consu-nto, ADJ. : consumed, 

114 consnnzione 

worn out ; ruined, -nzione, P. : con- 
sumption ; decay. 

§ Reg. ; or Pret. consun-si^ -se ; -sero. Part. 

consnonaret ^ consonare. 

consurgere = sorgere. 

oonsast'anzia-Ie [sostanza], ADJ. : con- 
substantial, -lita, F. : consubstantiality. 
-Imente, ADV. : consubstantially. 

oonta-dina, F. : country-woman, -di- 
naeeio, u. : rude peasant, -diname, 
M. : country crowd, -dinata, F. : stu- 
pidity, foolish act. -dinella, F. : pretty 
country girl, -dinescamente, ADV.: 
in a countrified way. -dinesco, ADJ. : 
rustic, countrified, -dinetta, F. : pretty 
village girl, -dinetto, r. : country boy. 
-dino, ADJ. : country ; M. : countryman ; 
peasant ; rustic, boor, -diuona, -di- 
none, aug. of -no. -notto, M. : strong 
country boy. Hconta-do [L. eomitatus 
(comes, count)], m. : couNTYf ; country ; 
peasant (villager). 

conta-gef, F., Hconta-gio [L. -gio (tan- 
gere, tbueh)], m. : contagion, -giosa- 
mente, ADV. : contagiously, -gioso, 
ADJ. : contagious. 

contag6««e [contare goccia], M., ravAK. : 
dropping tube. 

contameiitot, M. : counting ; account. 

contami-na'bile, ADJ. : contaminable. 
-namentof, M. : contamination. ||-na- 
re pj. tangere, touch], TR. : contaminate, 
defile, -natore, M. : defiler. -nazio- 
ne, F. : contamination, -noso, adj. : 
easily contaminated. 

con-tante, ADJ. : counting ; cash :' dana- 
ro — , ready money, cash. l|-tare [com- 
putare], inte. : count ; be esteemed ; 
count (for) ; te. : esteem ; relate, -tata, 
p. : enumeration, -tatore, M. : counter. 

contatto [L. -tactus (tangere, touch)], m. : 
contact (touch). 

contazione [contare], P. : counting. 

con-te [L. com-es (ire, go)], M. : count 
(earl), -tea, P. : county ; count's estate. 

oonteggiare [-to], INTR. : count up ; cast 
accounts, conteggio, M. : casting ac- 

conte-gnaf, F. : demeanour ; proud de- 
meanour (haughtiness), -grnenzaf, F. : 
circuit of a town (territory). Hconte- 
gno [-nere], M. : demeanour (esp. dignified) ; 
behaviour (conduct) ; gravity ; contentsf ; 
circuitf : in — , with gravity ; stare in — , 
assume dignity, -(/nosamente, adv.: 
gravely. -<7n6so, adj. : dignified, grave. 

contempe-ramento, M., -ranza, p. : 
tempering ; proportion. ||-rare [L.], TR.: 
temper, regulate. 

contempla-bile, ADJ. : that can be con- 
templated, -mentot, M.: contemplation. 


ll-'re \h. -ri (templum, temple, where 
auspices were taken)], te. : contemplate, 
reflect upon, -tivaf, P. : contemplative 
faculty, -tivo, adj. : contemplative, -to- 
re, M., -triee, F. : contemplator. -zio- 
ne, P. : contemplation : a — di, in con- 
sideration of. 
coutempo-raneamente, ADV. : con- 
temporaneously, -raneita, P. : contem- 
poraneity. Il-r&neo [L. -raneus (tempni, 
time)], ADJ. : contemporary. 

contempraref = contemperare. 

oonten-denza, P. : dispute. Iloonten- 
dere [con-, t. .], IRR. ; INTR. : contend 
(contest) ; quarrel ; cry out ; TR. : contest 
(prohibit) ; combatf. -devolmentef, 
ADV. : wranglingly. -dimentof, M. : con- 
test, quarrel, -ditore, M. : disputant. 

con-tenente, ADJ. : containing ; ADV.f: 
immediately, -tenenzaf, F. : contents ; 
gravity. ||=teiiepe, iRR. ; inte. : con- 
tain (comprise) ; repl. : contain or re- 
strain one's self (refrain, forbear); de- 
mean one's self (behave) ; be dignified. 
-tenimexttof, M.: contents; contmence. 
-tenitore, M. : restrainer. 

contenneref, TE. : contemn. 

conten-ni, PEET. of -ere. -tabile, ADJ.: 
easily contented, -tamento, M. : con- 
tent, satisfaction. ||-tare [-to], TK. : 
content; gain the approval of; eepl. : 
content one's self, -tatura, P. : con- 
tentment, -tevolef, ADJ. . satisfying. 
-tezza, p. : content : mala — , discontent. 

contentibilef, ADJ. : contemptible. 

conten-tiuo, M. : addition, overweight, 
extra, -tivof, adj. : containing. ||oon- 
ten-to [L. -tus (tenere, hold)], adj.: con- 
tent, satisfied, pleased; containedf; m. : 
contentment; contentsf. -tone, ADJ.: 
exceedingly content, -nto, paet. of -ere; 
M. : contents. 

conten-zionef [L. -tio (cf. -dere)], F. : 
contention, -ziosamentef, ADV. : con- 
tentiously. -zioso, ADJ. : contentious. 

conteriaf, P. : glass beads. 

contermi-nalef, ADJ. : conterminous. 
-naref, INTR. : confine (lie contiguous). 

conterra-neo [L. -neus (terra, land)], 
ADJ. : of the same country or village ; m. : 
fellow-countryman, -zzano ^ -neo. 

con-tesa. P.: contest (dispute, quarrel). 
-tesi, PRET. of -tendere. ||-teso [-tende- 
re], PART. : contested, disputed ; forbidden. 

contessa [conte], p. : countess. 

contessere [con-, t. .], TR. (part, -tessito 
or -testo): weave together; entwine; 
compound (compose). 

contessina [contessa], P. : young count- 
ess ; count's daughter. 

contestabile ^ conestabile. 

contesta-re [L. -ri (testis, witness)], tb.: 


notify (legally) ; contest, -zione, f. : 
notification ; contest. 

oon-testo [-iessere], part. : interwoven ; 
M. : context, -testuale, adj. : pertain- 
ing to the context. 

oontezza [eonto 2], f. : notice, cognition. 

conti«iuo [contoi'i, M. : small account. 

oonti-giat, F. : ornament; pretty trifle. 
-giatot, ADJ. : much ornamented. 

con-tiguit^, F. : contiguity. ||-tigao 
[L. -tiguus (tangere, touch)], adj. : con- 
tiguous (adjacent). 

couti-nentale, adj.: continental. 
Il-nente \L. -nens (tenere, hold)], ADJ. : 
continent ; oontainingf; M. : continent ; 
contentsf; continuancef. -nontomen- 
tef, ADV.: continently, -nenza, F. : 

contin-gente [L. -gens (iarigere, touch)], 
ADJ. : contingent ; m. : proportion (quota). 
-gentementet, adv.: contingently. 
-genza, F. : contingency. contin- 
geret, intr. : happen, -gibile, ADJ. : 
possible ; casual, -gibilitat, f. : contin- 

contino [eonte], M. : young count ; count's 

conti-novare =: -nuare. oonti-novo, 
pop. for -nuo. conti-nua, F. : continu- 
ation, -nnabile, ADJ. : continuable. 
-nnamente, ADJ. : continually, -nua- 
mentof, M., -nnanzaf, F. : continu- 
ation, -nuare, INTR.: continue, -naata- 
mente, ADV. : continuously, -nnativo, 
ADJ. : continuative. -nuatore, M. : con- 
tinner. - nnazione, F. : continuation. 
-nuita, F. : continuity. Ilconti-nuo 
[L. -nuns (tenere, hold)], ADJ. : continuous ; 
M. : continuity. 

contoi [eomputd], u.: computation; (bill; 
accotiNT ; report, information) ; cause : 
aver uno in — di, regard a person as ; 
uomo di — , man of worth; far — , in- 
tend; substitute; fatto il — , all things 
considered; a buon — , in conclusion; 
metter (tornar) — , be profitable. 
oontof 2, ADJ. : known ; ready ; skilled ; 
graceful, polite. 

con=taTeere, IKR.; TE.: CONTORT (twist, 
wring); bepl. : contort one's self, writhe. 
-tor-eimento, M. : contortion. 
contor-nare, TR. : surround ; trace the 
contours of (sketch); REFL.: resort to. -ni- 
ne, M. : slight contour. ||cont6r-no 
[torno], M. : contour (outline); PL.: envi- 

contdr-si, pbet. of -cere, -sione, P. : 
contortion, -tamente, ADV. : with con- 
tortions. ||contdr-to, PART, of -eere. 
contra [L.], PREP.: against, contra-; pbef.: 
(following single cons't us'ly doubled). 
-bbandidre,M.: contrabandist. =bban- 

oontrappesare 115 

do, M. : contraband; contraband goods: 
di — , clandestinely, -bbassista, M. : 
contra-basso player. =bbasso, m. : con- 
tra-basso. -bbattentef, ADJ.: reper- 
cussive. =ocaiabiaTe, TB. : exchange ; 
reward t-, M. : exchange; 
recompense. = ocassa, F. : extra case 
or covering. =coava = controcava. 
=cc/iiave [chiave], F. : inner key ; dupli- 
cate key; false key. =««ifra =: con- 
trocifra. =co61po, m. : rebound. =ccnd- 
re, M. : heartbreak, contra -da [L. 
contra, over against], f. : street ; region, 
COUNTRY. =ddanza [danza], p. : oontra- 
dance. -ddetto, -ddire = -detto, -dire. 
=ddirittot,M.: fine, penalty. =ddistin- 
gnere, IBB. ; TE. : (contra)distinguish ; 
label, -ddistinsi, PBET., -ddistinto, 
PAET. of -ddistinguere. =ddivietot, M. : 
contraband goods, -ddizionef, P. : con- 
tradiction. =dddte, P. : marriage por- 
tion (bestowed by the husband), -detto, 
PART, of -dire, -diaref =: -riare. -di- 
«ente, PABT. : contradicting, -diee- 
ret = -dire. =dire, lER. ; TB. : contra- 
dict; RBPL.: contradict one's self . -dissi, 
PBET. of -dire, -dittore, M. : contra- 
dicter. -dittoria, p. : contradictory 
proposition, -dittoriamente, ADV. : 
contradictorily, -dittorio, adj.: contra- 
dictory, -dizion-eella, P. : slight con- 
tradiction.- -dizione. P.: contradiction; 
con-traente, PABT. of -trarre. -traeref 
= -trarre. 
contra- [cf. the word]: -ffa«ente, PART.: 
counterfeiting; disobeying, -ffacimen- 
to, M. : counterfeit. ||=ffare, IRR. ; TB. : 
counterfeit, imitate ; disobey; repl.: dis- 
guise one's self, -ffatto, part., ADJ. : 
counterfeited; deformed, -ffattore, M.: 
counterfeiter, -ffatturaf, -ffazione, 
p.: counterfeiting; forgery, -ffe-ei, pret. 
ot -fare. =£Fdrte, M.: counterfort; iron 
bar. -ff6rzat, P. : counterforce. =gge- 
nio [contra genial, M. : antipathy, dislike. 
=iret, INTB. : be contrary, oppose. =llet- 
teraf, P. : countermand, -oontra-lta 
^ contralto. -Itare = altare. contFa= 
lto[co7iiraoZ<o],M.: contralto, -mman- 
daref, TB. : countermand, -mmanda- 
tof, M. : countermand. =nimar«iat, P. . 
countermarch. =m.ininat, P. : counter- 
mine, -mminaref , TR. : countermine. 
=mmira{7lio [ammiraglio'], M. : rear- 
admiral. =nimomentot, M. : counter- 
action. = nnaturale f , ADJ. . against 
nature. =ppassot,M.: retaliation. =pp6- 
lo, M. : against the hair : fare il — a mna 
persona, criticise a person thoroughly. 
-ppesam.entot,M.: counterpoise. =ppe- 
sare, TB. : counterpoise; examine; repl. : 

116 contrappeso 

Balance one's self, -ppeso, M. : coun- 
terpoise, -ppouimeiitot, M. : opposi- 
tion, -pporre [porre],lRR. ; TR. : oppose; 
EBPL. : oppose, resist, -pposi, pbet. of 
-pporre. -pposizioii«ella, P. : slight 
opposition, -pposizioue, P. : opposition, 
resistance ; antithesis, -pposto, part, of 
-;)orre ; opposed ; M.: opposition, -ppum- 
tista, M.': contrapuntist. ||=ppnuto, 
M. : (mus.) counterpoint. 

contrargine [contra, a. .], M. : double 
dike, extra levee. 

contra -riamente, ADV.: contrarily. 
-riare, TR. : counteract (oppose ; thwart, 
Eng. coNTEAEYf); contradict, -rieta, 
P. : contrariety, resistance ; adversity. 
Ilcontra-rio [L. -rius (contra, against)], 
ADJ. : contrary (adverse) ; M. : opposite : 
al (per lo) — , on the contrary, -rissi- 
mo, ADJ. : very contrary. 

coii=trarre, IRR. ; TR. : contract. 

contra = Scarpa t , P.: counterscarp. 
-scri. .f = controseri. . =sf6rzot, M. : 
opposite force. =sse£rnare, TR. : note, 
countersign, zssej^no, M. : sign (mark, 
token) ; pi. -ssegni, personal description 

contrassi, FRET, of contrarre. 

contra-stabile [-stare], adj. : contest- 
able, -stabilmente, ADV. : opposingly. 
-stamentof, M. : dispute. =stampa, 
P.: counter- proof, -stampare, TR. : 
oounterprove. -stanzaf, p. : dispute. 
= stare, TR. : resist (oppose, dispute); 
deny. - statore , M. : opponent, con- 
tra-sto, M. : opposition, dispute ; con- 

contrattabile [-tto], ADJ. . contractile. 

contrattacco [contra attacco"], M.: {mil.) 

contratta-re [-tto\ TR. : contract, bar- 
gain, -zione, P.: negotiation; commerce. 

oontrattempo [contra tempo}, M. : con- 
tretemps (untoward accident) : di — , un- 

contrat-tile, ADJ. : contractile, -tili- 
ta, P. : contractility. ||contrat-to [coji- 
trarre], part. : contracted ; M. : contract, 
agreement, -tone, M. : profitable con- 
tract, -tnale, ADJ. : concerning con- 
tracts, -turaf, F. : contraction. 

contra = urtaref, TR. : strike against. 
- wallazionef, P. : contravallation. 
=vvederet, IRR. ; TR. : regard with dis- 
pleasure. =vveleno, M. : counterpoison. 
=vvenire, IRR.; INTR. : contravene (of- 
fend against, break), -vventore, M. : 
contravener. -vvenzione, P. : contra- 
vention (violation), -wersitaf, p. : con- 
troversy, contrariety. 

oontrazione [contrarrt], F. : contrac- 


contri-bnente, part. : contributing ; M.: 
contributor. H-buire [L. eon-tribnere 
(grant)], INTR.: contribute; cooperate 
(concur), -buto, M. : contribution, -bu- 
toref, M. : contributor, -bnzion-eella, 
p. : small contribution, -bnzione, p. : 
contribution ; impost, tax. 

contrimboscata [contra imboseata], p. : 

contriret, TR. : bruise ; feel contrition. 

coutrista-bile, ADJ. : saddening. -m6n- 
to, M. : sadness. ||contrista-re [L. 
tristis, sad)], tr. : afflict (sadden) ; repl.: 
be afflicted, -tore, M., -tri«e, P. : af- 
flicter. -zionef, P. : sadness. 

contri-tamente, ADV. : contritely, -ta- 
ref, TR. : crush (pulverize). ||contri-to 
[L. -tus (terere, grind)], ADJ. : crushedt ; 
contrite, -zion-eella, P. : slight contri- 
tion, -zione, P. : contrition. 

contro [L. contra], prep.: against; oppo- 
site to ; M. : contrary : il pro e il ■ — , the 
pro and the con; darsi — , contradict 
one's self. =ca8sa, P. : outside case. 
=cava, P.: countermine. ='eifra, P.: 
key of a cipher. =data, P. : revised 
date, letter, poem. =finestra, P.: op- 
posite window. =fddera, P. : stiffen- 
ing ; quilting. =fdrza, P. : counter-force, 
etc. =le^ge, P. : counter-law. =leva, 
p. : counter-lever. =lu«e, P. : unfavor- 
able light. =niar«ia, P. : countermarch. 
=niina, P.: countermine. =minare, TR.: 
countermine, frustrate. =n6ta, P.: an- 
swering note. =parte, P. : opposing 
side. -perazi6ne [operazione], p. : coun- 
ter-operation. =pdrta, p. : extra door ; 
heavy door. =pr6va, p. : counter-proof. 
contro-rdine [ordine], M. : counter- 
mand. =scarpa, P.: counterscarp. =sce- 
na, p. : silent part of an actor (when 
some one else speaks). =scritta, P. : du- 
plicate, copy. =scriveret, TR. : write 
against. =senso, M. : opposite meaning. 
=stanipare ^ contrastampare. =sti- 
molo, M. : debilitant drug, whatever 
weakens. =st6maco, adv.: with great 
repugnance, unwillingly. 

con=trovaret, TR. : invent, feign. 

contro-versi, fret, of -vertere. -vor- 
sia, p. : controversy, -versista, M. : 
controversialist, -verso, part, of -ver- 
tere; ADJ.: controversial, doubtful. ||=ver- 
tere, IRR. ; iNTR. : controvert, dispute. 
-vertibile, ADJ. : controvertible. 

contn-bernale, ADJ. : contubemal, liv- 
ing together, -bernia, p., ||.bernio 
\h. -bernium (taberna, hut)], M. : (mil.) 
tent -companionship; messmates; ADJ.: 

conta-m&«e, ADJ.: contumacious. ||.ma- 
«ia [L.], p. : contumacy (wilful defiance); 


(nav.) quarantine : fare la — , put under 
quarantine. -ina«iale, adj. : contuma- 
cious, -melia, F. : contumely, -me- 
lioso, ADJ. : contumelious. 
oontnndere [L. (tundere, beat)], irr.§ ; 
TE. : contuse, bruise. 

§ Pret. contu-si, ~se; sero. Pari, coniuso. 

conturba - gionef, -'nza, F., -mento, 
M. : perturbation, agitation. Iloontur- 
ba-re \eon-, t. .], TR. : disturb, alarm ; 
EBPL. : be disturbed, -tivo, adj. : dis- 
quieting, -tore, M. : disturber, -zione, 
P. : perturbation, trouble. 

con-tusi, FRET, of -tundere. -tnsione, 
F.: contusion. ||-tnso, part, of -tundere. 

oon=tatore, M. : fellow-tutor. 

oon=tiitto=o7ie, CONJ. : although. 

can=tntto=«id, ADV. : nevertheless, yet. 

oan=tntta=qiiesto, adv. : notwithstand- 
ing that. 

convale - scente [L. -scere (validus, 
strong)], adj., m.: convalescent, -scon- 
za, F. : convalescence. 

convali-dare [L. {validus, strong)], TR. : 
render valid (strengthen). -dazione, 
F. : strengthening (authentication). 

oon^valle, F. : valley (vale) ; us'ly pi. 

con-vegnaf, F. : convention, -ve^no, 
||~Te£rno [L. *veniv,m {venire, comb)], 
M. : convention ; compactf. 

can-velleiite,-ADJ.: convulsive. ||-vel- 
leref [L. {vellere, tear)], TR. : tear or 
pull away, twist. 

conTe-nentet, M. : fact ; state ; way ; 
agreement; condition, -nenzaf, F.: agree- 
ment ; convention, -nevole, ADJ. : suit- 
able ; M. : convenience (conformity) ; PL. 
compliments, -nevolezza, F. : suitable- 
ness (propriety), -nevolmemte, adv. : 
suitably, -niente, adj. : convenient, 
fit; M. : suitableness, -nientemente, 
ADV. : suitably, -nienza, F. : conven- 
ience, propriety ; compliments ; advantage. 
Il-nire [eon-, v. .], IKR. ; TR. : convene ; 
summon ; intr. : agree (harmonize) ; suit ; 
be convenient; be necessary, conve-nni, 
PRET. of -nire. conve-not, M. : need. 
-ntaref, TR. : covenant ; become ; admit 
as a doctor ; crown ' with laurel, -nta- 
zionef, P. : crowning of poets, -nti- 
cola, F., -uticolof, M. : conventicle. 
-ntino, M. : small convent ; asylum (re- 
treat), conve-nto, M. : convent ; assem- 
bly, -ntaale, adj. : conventual ; M., 
F. : monk, nun. -nnto, part. : assem- 
bled; M. : assemblage, -nzionale, adj.: 
conventional, -nzionaref, TR. : stipu- 
late, -nzione, F. : covenant (treaty ; 
agreement) ; convention (assembly). 

conver-gente, ADJ. : convergent, -gen- 
za, p.: 'convergence. ||conver-gere 
[L. (vergere. turn)], intr. : converge.' 

oonvogliare 117 

convdr-sa, P. : lay sister, -samentot, 
M. : conversation, -sare, INTR. : con- 
verse ; frequentf. -sativof, adj. : con- 
versative. -satore, M. : converser. -sa- 
zion«ella, -sazion-eina, P.: short con- 
versation ; small assemblage, -sazidne, 
p.: assembly; conversation; social gather- 
ing (party) : tener — , hold a reception. 
-sevole, ADJ. : conversable ; sociable. 
-sevolmente, ADV. : sociably. con- 
ver-si, PRET. of -tire, -sione, p.: con- 
version, change, conver-so, ADJ.: con- 
verted ; M. : lay brother : per — t. on the 
contrary, conver-teref = -tire, -ti- 
bile, ADJ.: convertible, -timentot, 
M. : conversion. ||-tipe [L. -tere {vertere 
turn)],lKR.§; TR. (Pr. -io) : convert (change); 
(Pr. -tisco) tumt ; repl. : become con- 
verted, -tito, PART., M. : convert, -ti- 
ter e, M. : converter. 

§ Ind. ; Pres. convh^-to or -tisco\. Pret. 
convh'si\. Part, cojivhrso^. 

con-vessita, P. : convexity. Hcon-ves- 
so pj. -vexus {vehere, carry)], adj. : con- 
vex ; M. : convexity. 

conviare t, TR. : convoy (escort). 

couvi«iiiat, ADJ.: adjacent (vicinal). 

con-rin-centeiueiite, ADV. : convincing- 
ly, -eente, PART., ADJ. : convincing.- 
Ilconvin-'eere [con-, w. .], lER. ; TR. : 
convince ; eepl. : be convinced, -ei- 
mento, M. : persuasion, -citivo t, ADJ. : 
convincing, oonvin-si, PRET. of -cere. 
-tissimo, AD J. : perfectly convinced. 
convin-to, PART. : convinced, convicted. 
-zione, P. : conviction. 

con-vissi, PRET., -vissnto, PART, of -vi- 

convi-tante, PART.: inviting; M. : host. 
II -tare [co-invitare], TR. : invite (to a 
repast), -tato, part. : invited ; M. : 
guest, -tatore, M. : inviter. 

convitigiaf. P.: covetousness, avarice. 

convi-td [-tare], M. : dinner, banquet. 

con-vitto, M. : school where students 
live and board (boarding-school, college) ; 
student of such a school, -vittoro [cf . 
-vitto], M., -vittri-ee, P. : boarding stu- 
dent (/. boarding-school miss), collegian, 
-vivaf, M. : boarder, -vivalef, ADJ.: 
convivial, -vivare f, inte. : eat at the 
same table, -vivatore f, M. : fellow- 
boarder, -vivenza, P. : living together. 
||=Tivere, lER. ; inte. : live together. 
-viviof, M. : feast. 

convi-ziaref, TR. : injure, -ziatoref, 
M. : injurer. 

convizioso, ADJ. : desirous. 

convoca-meuto, M. : assembly. ||con- 
voca-re [con-, v. .], TR. : convoke, as- 
semble, -zione, F. : convocation. 

con - vogliare, TR. : convoy, escort. 

118 oonvoglio 

||-vd£rlio [Pr. -voi (L. via, way)], m. : 
CONVOY (escort) ; procession ; train : — 
funebre, funeral procession. 

conTol&ref, intk. : fly together; run 

convolgeret, TR. : roll. 

oonvolvolo [L. -vulus (volvere, twine)], 
M. : convolvulus (plant). 

convnl-samente, ADV. : convulsively. 
-sionaria, F., -sionario, M. : con- 
vulsionist. -sion«ella, F. : slight con- 
vulsion, -sione, P. : convulsion, -sivo, 
ADJ. : convulsive. HconTul-so [L. -sus 
(vellere, tear)], ADJ. : convulsed ; M. : con- 

coone-stamento, M. : excuse, pretext. 
Il-stare [co-, o. .], TR. : palliate, cloak. 

coopera-mentof, M. : cooperation, coo- 
pera-re [co-, 0. .],' intr. : cooperate, 
concur, -tivo, ADJ. : cooperative, -tore, 
M., -tri«e, F. : cooperator. -zione, F. : 

coordiua-mento, M.: coordination. ||co- 
ordiua-re [co-, 0. .], TR. : coordinate. 
-tore, M., -tri«e, F.: adjuster (classifier). 
-zionef, F. : coordination. 

Goortare t, TR. : comfort, exhort. 

coorte [L. co-hors, yard, pen], F. : cohort 
(tenth of a Eom. legion) ; crowd. 

coper-cftiaref, TR.: cover. -cMellaf, 
p. : small cover ; fraud. -ch.ietto, M. : 
dim. of -chio. coper- cTiio, M. : lid 
(cover). coper-si, pret. of coprire. 
coper-ta, F. : cover ; excuse (pretext) : 

— d' una lettera, envelope ; alia — , se- 
cretly, -tamente, ADV.: secretly, -ti- 
na, P. : small cover. ||coper-to, part. 
of coprire: covered: al — , in safety; 
parlar — , speak ambiguously, -tola, P., 
-toio, M. : large lid. -tone, M. : large 
cover, -tura, p. : cover ; maskf. 

copia I \h. {ops, riches)], P. : copiousness 

copia 2 [coppia], P. : copy, reproduction ; 
book ; imitation, -lettere, M. : letter- 
book ; copying-press. Hcopia-re [co- 
pia 2], TK. : copy ; imitate, -tivo, adj. : 
copying, -tore, M.: copier, -tura, p.: 

oopiglio, M. : beehive. 

copio-samente, ADV. : copiously, -si- 
ta, P.: copiousness, abundance. Hcopio- 
so [copiai], ADJ. : copious. 

copi-sta [copiare], M.: copyist, -steria, 
P. : copyist's office. 

c6p-pa [L. cupa, cask], p.: cup, bowl; 
oil vase (of a lamp) ; back of the headf : 

— d' oro, excellent character ; servir di 
— , be a cup-bearer, -paia, P. : room 
for oil-jars. 

coppale [from Mex.], adj., m. : copal. 
ooppardsaf, F. : copperas. 


cop-pella [-pa], F. : COPPEL (cupel, cru- 
cible) : oro di — , pure gold. -pelI4re, 
TR. : cupel, refine, -petta, P. : cupping 
glass, -pettone, M. : large cupping- 

coppia [copula'], F. : couple, pair : una — 
di pane, kind of fine bread, oblong loaf. 

cop-piere [-^a], -pierof, M.: cupbearer. 

coppietta [-pia]. P.: small couple; small 
oblong loaf. 

coppo [coppa], M. : vase (us'ly for oil ; 
jar) ; pantile (-shaped tile). 

copri-mentof, M.: covering. ||copri-re 
[L. eo-operire, cover], irr.§; tr.: cover; 
conceal, palliate ; bepl. : cover one's self, 
put on one's hat. -tore, M. : coverer. 
-tnra, P.: cover; pretext f. =Tivan- 
de, M. : cover for dishes. 

§ = aprire ; but poet, also accent, c-udpr- 
for copr-. 

c6pn-la [L.], P. : copulation ; conjtmction, 
-laref, TR. : couple, -lativo, ADJ.: 

cor- = con (before r.) 

cora-e«io, M. : bad heart. ||cor&-ggto 
[core], M. : courage, desiref. -g^osa- 
mente, ADV. : courageously, -ggioso, 
ADJ.: courageous; M. : courageous 'man. 

corale i [eoro], adj., m. : choral. 

corale 1 2 [core], adj. : cordial. 

coral-laio, M. : worker in coral, -life- 
ro, ADJ. : coralliferous. -Una, P. : sea- 
moss, -lino, ADJ. : coralline, coral- 
lo [Gr. kordllion], M. : coral. 

coralmente f, ADV. : cordially. 

corame [L. -rium, leather], M. : dressed 

corampo-polo, -pnlo [L. coram, be- 
fore, populus, people], adv. : pdbucly. 

coramvolist, M. : pompous man. 

corano [fr. Ar.], M. : Koran. 

cora-ta [core], -tella, P. : pluck, liver. 

coraz-za [L. coriacea (corium, leather)], 
CUIRASS, armour ; cuirassier, -zaio, M. : 
cuirass-maker, -zare, TR. : arm with a 
cuirass, -zata, P., or nave — : ironclad. 
-zato, PAKT. : cuirassed, ironcladt -za- 
tura, p.: arming with a cuirass, -ziere, 
M. : cuirassier ; royal guard, -zinaf, p. : 
breastplate, -zone, M. : large cuirass. 

corba [L. -bis], P. : basket ; basketfulf. 

cor-liaccTiinot, dim., -baccMdnef, 
aug. of -bo. -baref, intr. : caw Qike a 

corbel-laio, M. : basket-maker or seller. 
-lare, TR. : joke, rally, -latora, P., 
-latore, M. : jester, -latorio, ADJ. : 
jesting, ridiculous, -latnra, P.: raillery. 
-leria, P. : nonsense ; absurdity ; trifle, 
jest, -letto, dim. of -la. -lino, M.: 
small basket : portare il — , be a brick- 
layer ; a -lini, in quantities. Hoorbel- 


lo [eorba], M. : round basket; silly per- 
son (fool) ; testicle : a -li, 'basketfuls^' in 
great quantities; o -li! exclamation of 
impatience ; pshaw ! -lona, p. : simple- 
ton, -lone, aug. of -lo. 
oor-bezzola, F. : arbute berry. H-bez- 
zolo [Ger. kiirbiss, gourd], m. : arbute. 
-bezzolone, M. : large arbute tree. 
corbi«inot, dim. of corbo. corbot = 

corbona [fr. Heb.], F. : corban, alms-box. 
coroaret = eoricare. 
oor-da [L. chorda], p.: cord (thin rope); 

torture : a — , in a line ; dai a uno, 

make a person talk, -ddiof, M. : rope- 
maker, -dame, M. : cordage, -deggia- 
ret, INTR.: be on a line (with), -ddllaf, 
-deUina, F. : small cord, -dellone, 
H. : corded cloth, -dettina, F. : twine 
cordia-oot, ABJ. : cardiac. Hcordia-le 
Pj. cor, heaet], adj. : cordial (affection- 
ate); M. : cordial. -lita, F. : cordiality. 
-Imente, adv.: cordially, -lone, adj.: 
very cordial. 

cor-di«ella [-da], -di«ina, F. : small 
cord, -diera, F. : tailpiece (of a violin, 
etc.). -Aigli&ro, M. : cordelier (monk). 
-diglio, M. : monk's girdle, -dino, M. : 

ooT-dogrliaret, TR. : pity ; djtr. : grieve. 
W-ibglio [L. -dolium (cor, heart, dolere, 
suffer)], M. : heart-grief (great sorrow) ; 
lament, -dogliosamentet, adv.: pain- 
fully, -doglioso, adj.: sorrowful (pain- 

cordo-nare, TR. : cord ; quiz, -nata, 
P., -nato, M. : inclined plane (for steps). 
-natara, F. : quizzing, -neello, -n«i- 
no, M. : small cord ; twine. ||cord6-ne 
[eorda], U. : cord ; coping of a wall ; cor- 
don (of troops): o -ni! pshaw ! -neria, 
P. : nonsense, trifle. 

cordo-vanieref, M. : shoemaker (Eng.f 
cordwainer). -vanot, M. : cordwain (cor- 
dovan leather). 

core, us'ly cuore [L. cor], m. : heart. 
coreg-g^a [L. eorrigia (corium, leather)], 
P.: strap, leather-thong ; shoe-tiet; (.vulg.) 
breaking of wind, fart, -giaio, M. : strap- 
maker, -giato, M. : flail, -giolaf, F.: 
small leather-strap, -giolo, M. : kind of 
olive-tree; band of a 'book; PL.: shoe- 
strings or straps, -giuolaf, dim. of 
-gia. -ginolo if, M. : "kind of olive-tree ; 
coregginolof 2 = crogiolo. 
coreo ' [ehoreios (chords, dance)], adj. : 
trochaic ; m. : choree (Gr. meter = tro- 
chee). -graHa, P. : composing dances. 
-grafioo, adj. : dance, ooreo-grafo, 
M. : dance composer. 

cornice 119 

ooretto I [coro], M. : choir-room ; church- 

corettof 2 [-rio], M. : breastplate. 

oori [cuore], p. : hearts (suit at cards). 

coria«eo [corio], ADJ. : coriaceous (of 

co-riambico, adj. : choriambic. ||-riam- 
bo [L. chor-iambo (cf. coreo, iambo)], m. : 
choriambus (—■~-~-'—). 

coriandolo, coridndro [L. -drum], M.: 
coriander (plant or seed). 

cori-bante [Gr. korHbas], m. : Corybant 
(priest of Cybele). -bantico, adj. : Co- 

eoricare [L. col-loeare], INTR. : lay down 
(couch) ; REFL. : go to bed ; set (of the 
sun) ; spread. 

oori-eiattolo [core], M. : bad heart. -«i- 
no, M. : little heart. 

corifeo [L. coryphmus (Gr. -phe, head)], 
M. : corypheus (dramatic chorus leader); 
(disp.) chief. 

coriletof, M. : hazelnut grove. cori- 
lof, M. : hazelnut bush. 

CO - rimbifer o, ADJ.: corymbif erous. 
Il-rimbo [L. -rymbut], M. : corymb. 

corin-tio [L. -thus, Corinth], -zio, ADJ. : 
Corinthian ; M. : (arch.) Corinthian order. 

coriof \L. -rium], M. : hide, leather. 

corista \_coro], M. : chorister (chorus 
singer); tuning-fork. 

corizzaf, p. : cold, rheum. 

corlaiaf, p.: parts about the heart; pluck. 

corna = corniola. 

cornac-cTiia [h.cornicula (cornia;,crow)], 
P. : crow ; chatterer. -cMamentof, M. : 
foolish chatter, -cfciaref, intr.: croak, 
chatter. -c?t.inot, dim. of -chia. -ohio- 
ne, aug. of -chia. -chiu-&eia, disp. 
dim. of -chia. 

cornaggine [corno], P. : obstinacy. 

cornamentot, M. : buzzing in the ears. 

cornamn-sa [L. cornu, horn, musa, 
muse], F. : bagpipe, -saref, tr. : play 
upon the bagpipe. 

cor-naref [-no], TR. : sound the horn. 
-nata, P. : blow with a horn ; bugle-note. 
-natoref, M.: who sounds the horn, -na- 
tara, F. : shape or quality of animal's 
horns : esser di tale — , be of such a dispo- 
sition ; esser di — gentile, have a delicate 
constitution, cor-nea, P. : cornea, cor- 
neo, ADJ.: corneous (hard), -u^tta. P.: 
comet (mus. instrument; cavalry-flag borne 
by the buglerf; flag-bearer, young ofiicer ; 
troop of cavalry), -nettino, P. : little 
horn, -netto, pi. -netti or -netta (horns of 
animals), M.: small horn; postilion's horn; 
ear-trumpet; cupping-glass; (mus.) cor- 
netf. c6r-niat, P. : cornelian cherry. 

corni«e [1. L. -ronix (ak. -rona, crown)], 
p. : frame ; cornice. 



coriii«ellot, dim. of corno. 

oorni-'eetta, F. : small cornice or frame. 
Il-ciame [-ce], M. : cornice-work, -cia- 
mento, M. : cornice-work, -etare, more 
commonly scorniciare. -eiato, M. : cor- 
niced building, door, etc. -eiatura, F. : 
cornice-work ; framework. -«iua, P. : 
small cornice or frame. 

cornieino [corno], M. : small horn. 

corni«i6iie [-nice], M. : (arch.) entabla- 

cor-uino, pi. -nini or -nina; dim. of -no. 
cor-niof = -niolo. cor-niolai, F. : cor- 
nelian cherry, -niola 2, f. : cornelian 
(variety of chalcedony), cor-niolo, M. : 
comas or dogwood tree ; cornelian cherry; 
ADJ.: cornus-, dogwood-. -iii=pede, adj.: 
horn-foot, hoofed ; M. : (poet.) horse. 
Ilcor-uo, pi. (f.) -»a or -ni (instrument), 
[L. -mii, horn], m. : HORN ; arm of a river 
or street ; wing of an army ; end ; tip (of 
a flame); PL. (-na): infidelity (in marriage); 
impertinences : fiaccar le -na a, lower the 
pride of ; humble ; far le -na a, make a 
cuckold ; portar le -na, be a cuckold ; non 
valere un — , be of no value. 

cor - nucopia [L. cornu, horn, eopia, 
plenty], F. : cornucopia (horn of plenty). 
-nuto, ADJ.: cornute; horned; M.: cuck- 

coro [L. chorus, choral dance], M. : choir 

coro-grafia [Gr. chdros, place, grdphein, 
write], P.: chorography. -grafico, adj. : 
chorographical. coro-grafo, M. : chorog- 

coro-lla, F. : corolla, -llario, M. : cor- 
ollary. ||cor6-na [L.], P. : crown ; 
royal dignity ; garland ; tonsure ; chaplet, 
beads, -naio, M. : chaplet-maker or 
seller, -nale, adj. : (anat.) coronal. 
-namento, M. : crowning, -nare, TR. : 
crown. -nazionOjF.: coronation. -n«i- 
na, dim. of -na. -ii«i6ua, -ii«i6ne, 
ijest.) aug. of -mo. -nella, p. : small 

oor-pa«eiata, F. : stomachful. -pa«- 
elo, M. : clumsy body. -pa««into, 
adj. : corpulent ; capacious, -pettino, 
dim. of -petto, -petto, M. : under-waist- 
coat. -pi€-ei61o, M. : little body, -pi- 
eello, M.: small body, -pieiattolo, M.: 
weak body. -pi«ino, dim. and car. of 
-po. ||cdr-po [L. -pus], M. : body ; sub- 
stance ; stomach ; society (order) ; corps 
of soldiers ; hulk of a ship, -pone, M. : 
large body, -porale, ADJ. : corporal, 
corporeal ; m. : corporal (altar linen). 
-poralitaf, F. : corporality (materiality). 
-poralmente, ADV. : corporally, bodily. 
-poratura, F. : constitution, size, -po- 
razione, P. : corporation, -poreitaf. 


F. : corporeity, -poreo, adj. : corporeal, 
bodily. -pu«-eio, disp. of -po. -pnlen- 
to, ADJ. : corpulent, -pulenza, p. ; 
corpulence, -pnscolaro, adj. : corpus- 
cular, -puscolo, M. : corpuscle (atom). 
-pusdomini [L., 'Lord's body'], M. : eu- 
charist; Corpus Christi day. -putof, 
ADJ. : corpulent. -puzzof, M. : ugly 

corre = cogliere. 

corre-damento, M. : furniture, equip- ' 
ment. -dare, TR. : furnish, equip. ||cor- 
re-do [?], M. : equipment (outfit, neces- 
saries); complete assortment ; feastf. 

correg-gere [cor-, r. ,], niR. ; TR. : cor- 
rect, chastise ; improve ; rbpl. : correct 
one's self, -gevolef, ADJ. : corrigible. 
-gibile, ADJ.': corrigible, -gimentot, 
M.: correction; direction (guidance), -gi- 
tore, M.: corrector, -gitnraf, P.: cor- 

corregrnaref, INTR. : reign together. 

correla-tivo [relativo], adj. : correla- 
tive, -zione, F. : correlation. 

correligionario [con, religione], M.: co- 

corren-te [eorrere], part., adj. : cur- 
rent ; general ; ready, quick ; P. : current, 
stream ; M. : (arch.) scantling, crosspiece ; 
adv. : freely, fluently, -temente, ADV. : 
currently ; fluently, -tezza, P. : cur- 
rency, -tiaf, P.: current, corren-ziaf, 
p. : rush of water. 

cor-reo or cor-reo, M. : accomplice. 

cor-rere i [L. currere], IRR.§ ; intr. : 
run, flow ; TR. : run, pass through : -re 
voce (fama), they say ; — per le poste, 
travel by post, -rere 2 ^ corriere. -re- 
riat, more commonly scorreria. 

§ Pret. c6r-si, -se ; -sero. Part, corso. 

correspet-tivita, p. : mutual relation, 
equivalence. H-tivo [respettivo], adj.: 
correspondent, equivalent ; m. : equiva- 

corressi, PRET. of eorreggere. 

corret-tamente, ADV. : correctly, -tez- 
za, p. : correctness, -tivo, M., ADJ. : 
corrective. ||corret-to [eorreggere], 
PART. : corrected ; ADJ. : correct, -tore, 
M. . corrector ; rector, -toriaf, P. : of- 
fice of corrector or rector. -tri«e, F. : 
she who corrects, -turaf, P. : correc- 
tion, corre-zionale, ADJ. : of correc- 
tion. -zion«dlla, -zion«ina, F.: slight 
correction, -zione, P. : correction ; cen- 
sure : — di lingua, correctness of lan- 

corribof :^ corrivo. 

cor-ridoio [-rere], -ridore, M. : corri- 
dor; swift horse, courser; scout; ADJ.; 
running, swift, -riera, p., -riere, 
-riepof, M. : courier, messenger. 


oorrigibilef, adj. : corrigible. 
corrimentof, M. : running (course). 
oorri-spondente, PART. : corresponding. 
-spondentemente, adv. : correspond- 
ingly, -spondenza, P. : correspondence ; 
affinity: a — , opposite to, over against. 
Il-spondere [rispondere], irr. ; intr. : 
correspond, agree with ; suit ; answei* for, 
go security, -sposi, pret., -sposto, 
PART, of -dere. 

oorrit. . = corrid. ., M. : runner, cor- 
rivamente, ADV.: readily. ||=pivo, 
ADJ. : ready ; (prone) ; ready of belief 
(credulous) ; ready to admit (yielding) ; 
free; M.f: dupe. 

corrobo-rare [L. (robur, strength)], TR. : 
corroborate (strengthen, confirm), -pa- 
mento, M. : corroboration, -rativo, 
ADJ., M. : corroborative, -raziouef, F. : 

cor=r6dere, IRR.; TE. : corrode (wear 
away), -rodimento, M. : corrosion. 
corrom-pere [cor-, r. .], irr. ; TR. : COR- 
RUPT (spoil); infect; bribe; eepl. : be- 
come corrupt, putrify. -pevolef, adj. : 
corruptible, -pimento, M. : corruption. 
-pitore, M., -pitriee, F. : corrupter. 
oorro-si, pret. of -dere. -sione, P. : 
corrosion, -sivo, adj., m. : corrosive. 
||corr6-so, part, of -dere. 
oor-rottamente, ADV.: corruptly, -pot- 
tibilet =^ corruttibile. || -potto [cor- 
rompere], part.: corrupted (corrupt); 

ooppa«-«iape, INTR., REFL. : be (become) 
angry, -eiatamente, adv. : angrily. 
-eiato, part., ADJ. : angry. ||coppu«- 
«io [ak. to corrotto], M. : anger (wrath). 
-eiosamentet, ADV. : angrily. -«i6sot, 
ADJ. : choleric, irritable. 
coppngape [ruga], TR., eepl. : corjnigate 
(wrinkle, frown). 
coppnppi, pret. of corrompere. 
coppu-scape, inte. : coruscate (flash). 
-scazione, P.: coruscation (glitter). 
Ilcoppu-sco [L. eoruscus, shaking], adj.: 
coruscant (flashing). 
copput-tela [corrotto], P. : corruption. 
-tevolot, -tibilo, ADJ. : corruptible. 
-tibilita, P. : corruptibility, -tivof, 
ADJ. : corruptive, -tore, M., -tri«e, F. : 
corrupter, coppnzione, P. : corruption ; 

cop-sa [-so], P. : running ; course, race : 
a (di) — , very swiftly, -salef = -saro. 
copsaletto [Pr. -selet (L. corpus, body)], 
M. : corselet. 

cop-sapesco, adj. : pertaining to a cor- 
sair. Il-sapo [-so], M. : corsair (pirate). 
-seggiapef, intr. : be a corsair, -sog- 
giatopef, M. : corsair, -sepella, p'. : 
short run or course. 



copse-acat, P. : javelin (spear), -scataf, 
P. . spear-thrust. 

cop-settiua, P. : short course, cop-si, 
pret. of -rere. -sia, F. : current of a 
stream ; way, passage ; gangway, -siepe, 
-siepo, M. : {poet.) courser, steed, -si- 
na, dim. of -sa. -sio, ADJ. : running, 
flowing (said of water), -sivamentef, 
ADV. : cursorily, -sivo, ADJ. : running, 
cursive : carattere — , running hand ; ital- 
ics. ||c6p-so I [-rere], part. : run, etc. ; 
passed (last); M.: running; course (prog- 
ress ; career ; period) ; currency ; race- 
course ('corso'; public drive-way); car- 
riage-ride ; cruise : aver — , have a run ; 
be in vogue (be fashionable) ; fare mw — 
di studi, pursue a course of studies ; an~ 
dare in — , be a pirate. 
copso 2 [Corsica], ADJ. : Corsican. 
copsoiof, ADJ. : running, sliding. 
coptaldof, M. : bob-tailed horse. 
coptamentet, ADV. : briefly. 
copte [co-hors, yard, pen], P. : court- 
yard ; court ; court-room : tener — , en- 
tertain, banquet. 

coptec-eia [L. cortex], P. : bark (out- 
side) ; crust : guardare alia — delle cose, 
look at things superficially. -«ina, P. : 
thin bark or crust, -eiona, P. : thick 
bark, -eioso, adj. : having a thick bark. 
-«xn6Ia t = -cina. 
cop-teggiamento, M. : paying court. 
Il-teggiape [-te], TE. : court, -teggia- 
tope', k. : courtier ; flatterer, -teggio, 
M. : cortege (retinue), -tegianesco t, 
adj. : of a courtier, -tegianiaf = -ti- 
gianeria. -teo, M. : retinue ; bridal or 
baptismal train, -tese, adj.: courteous. 
-teseggiamentot, M.: liberality, -te- 
seggiairet, INTR. : be courteous or lib- 
eral, -tesemeute, ADV. : courteously. 
-tesia, P. : courtesy (politeness ; affa- 
biliiiy) ; gratuity (drink-money), -tesio- 
la, P. : slight courtesy. 
coptezza [corto], P. : shortness. 
corti-cet, M. : bark, crust. 
copti-«ella [carte], -«ina, P. : small 
court (of a house), -gianaf, F. : court 
lady; courtesan, -gianami^iite, adv.: 
courteously ; in a courtly manner, -gia- 
nata, F.: act of a courtier, -gianello, 
M.: young courtier. -gianepia,P.: man- 
ner of a courtier (Bng'.f courtiery); adula- 
tion, finesse (flattery), -gianesco, ADJ.: 
courtier-like; fawning, -giano, M.: court- 
ier; flatterer; ADJ.: of the court, copti-le, 
M.: large inner court (court-yard), -letto, 
M. : small court. -lome, aug. of -le. 
copti-ua [?], P.: curtain; bed-curtain; 
(mil.) curtain (part of wall between two 
bastions), -naggio, M. : bed-curtain. 
-naret, TE. : furnish with curtains. 



c6rto [L. curtiis], ADJ. : short (cdkt) ; 
ADV. : shortly : di — , shortly ; venire alle 
corte, come to a conclusion ; alle corte, in 

coru«eio i [coro], M. : poor choir. 

cor&««'io 2 [core], M. : bad heart. 

cornsc. . = eorruic. . 

oorvatta = eravatta. 

cor-vetta i [L. corbita (-Ms, basket)], F. : 
corvette (small war vessel). 

oorvet-ta 2 [L. eurvus, curved], f. : cur- 
vet (leap), -tare, INTE. . curvet (leap). 
-tatore, M. : curveting horse. 

cor-viuo, ADJ.: raven (jet black). ||c6r- 
vo [L. -vus], M. : raven : aspettare il — , 
wait for what never comes. 

c6-sa [L. causa , cause], F. : thing ; mat- 
ter ; affair, business ; use, service : -se da 
nulla, trifles, -sae-eia, P., -sae^io, 
M. : bad thing. 

cosacco [fr. Euss.], M. : Cossack ; bar- 
barous soldier. 

cosarella = coserella. 

coscenderef = condiscendere. 

coscen - ziosameute, ADV. : conscien- 
tiously. Il-zioso [coscienzaj, adj. : con- 

co-scetta, dim. of -scia. -scetto, M. : 
haunch (of meat). ||c6-scia, pi. -see 
[L. coxa, hip], p. : thigh, haunch : — del 
ponte, abutment of a bridge, -sciale, 
M. : CUISH (armour for the thigh) ; axle- 
tree of a coach f. 

co-scienza [L. eon-seientia (scire, know)], 
P. : conscience : in — , in truth, truly. 
-scienzioso, adj. : conscientious. 

coscina, dim. of coscia. 

coscino t = cuscino. 

e&scio [coscia], M. : leg, haunch of meat. 

co-scritto, PAKT. of -scrivere; M. : con- 
script. ||=scrivere, IBR. ; TR. : con- 
script, enroll, -scrizione, P. : con- 

cose - Uina [cosa], -llu-e«ia, F. : little 
bit of a thing, trifle. 

oo^seno, M. : (geom.) cosine. 

oose-rMIa, -rellina, -rellue-eia, 
car. dim. of cosa. cose-tta, dim. of 
cosa. -tta«'eia, P. : ugly little thing. 

eosi [L. eccu-sic, 'lo-thus'], adv.: thus, 
in this way : — come, as, so ; — fatio, 

such ; , so so, moderately ; — e — , 

so and so. =ccft.e, CONJ. : so that. 

GO-si«eiudla i-sa]. P.: small, little thing. 
-sina, car. dim. of -sa. -sine, dim. of 

Gosmetioo, ADJ., M. : cosmetic. 

COS - micamente, ADV. : cosmically. 
Ilods - mice [Gr. kosmikds (of. -mo)], 

ADJ. : cosmic. 

cosmo [Gr. hosmos, order, world], M. : cos- 
mos, universe, -gonia [Gr. gonos, birth]. 


P. : cosmogony, -gonico, adj. : cosmo- 
gonic. -gra^a, P. : cosmography, -gra- 
fico, ADJ. : cosmographical. cosmd- 
grafo, M. : cosmographer. -logia, F. : 
cosmology, -logico, ADJ. : cos'mologic- 
al. -polita [Gr. -polites (citizen)], M. : 
cosmopolite, -politico, ADJ. ; cosmo- 
politan, -politismo, M. : cosmopolitan- 
coso [disp. of cosa], M. : (ijidef.) thing 
(matter) ; simpleton (blockhead) ; money, 
measure : un — d' otto metri, a matter of 
eight metres. 
cosofBolaf, P. : great confusion. 
co=spargere, ISR. ; TR. . sprinkle, scat- 
ter, -sparsi, FRET., -sparse, PART, of 
-spargere. -sper. .f = -spar. . 
co-spettae-eio, interj. : zounds ! con- 
found it! M. : swagger f. -spetto, m. : 
presence; aspect (sight); interj.: zounds! 
-spettone, INTERJ. : plague on it ! -spi- 
cnita, P. : conspicuousness, distinction. 
Il-spicno [L. -spicuus (root spec, see)], 
ADJ. : conspicuous, distinguished. 
cospi - rare \co-, s. .], INTR. : conspire ; 
combine. -rat6re, M., -ratriee. P.: 
conspirator, -razioneella, P. : little 
plot, -razione, F. : conspiracy. 
cossi, PRET. of cocere. 
cosso [L. cossus, wood-worm], M. : pimple, 
costa [L. (rib, side)]. P.: declivity, hillock ; 

COAST : , along the coast. 

co-sta [L. eccu-isiac, 'lo-there'], ADV.: 
there, in that place : — fuori, there, out- 
side, -staggfn, ADV. : there below. 
co-stante, ' ADJ. : constant, -stante- 
meute, ADV. : constantly, -stanza. P.: 
constancy, flrmness. Jl-stare [L. con- 
stare, stand at], intr.: cost; be evident f. 
costassu [costd, su], ADV. : there above. 
co-stato [-sta], M. : chest, ribs; sidef- 
-steggiare, INTR.: coast along; TR. : 
follow,' wind along, -steggfatore, M. : 
costei [L. eeeu-iste-hwc, 'lo-this-here'], 
PRON. F. : that one, that, she. 
costella-re [stella], TR. : (poet.) sprinkle 
with stars, -zione, p. : constellation. 
coste-re««'io [costa], M. : pickled pork- 
ribs, -rella, P. : pretty little slope. 
coster-uaref [L. eon-sternere (ak. to 
STREW)], TR. : throw down ; repl. : be in 
consternation, be confused, -nato, ADJ.: 
astonished, confounded, -nazione. P.: 
costi [L. eccu-istic, 'Iq-there'], ADV.: in 
that place, there : — p'oi, in that case. 
co-stiera [-sto], P.: shore, sea-coast ; hill- 
ock, -stierot, ADJ. : sidelong, slanting. 
oosti-pamento, M. : constipation. ||-pa- 
re [L. con-stipare (crowd)], tr. : consti- 


pate, -pazione, P. : severe cold (rheum); 

oosti-tnente, ADJ.: constituent; M. : 
constituent assembly. Il-tnire [L. con- 
stituere\, tr. : constitute ; organize (es- 
tablish) ; BEFL. : surrender (submit), -tn- 
tivo, ADJ. : constitutive, -tnto, M. : 
hearing, examination (in court), -tnto- 
ret, H. : constituter. -tuzionale, adj.: 
constitutional, -tuzione, F. : constitu- 
tion; law. 

oosto [eottare], u. : cost (expense) : a 
nessun — , at no price, in no way. 

oosto-la [L. costula (casta, rib)], F. : rib ; 
main filament in leaves ; back of a knife. 
-latnra, F. : the ribs, -letta, F. : small 
rib ; cutlet, chop, -lierof, M. : broad- 
sword, -lina, F. : small rib. -lone, 
H. : large rib; coarse man. -Into, adj.: 
ibot.) costal-nerved. 

.ystoro [-tui], PRON. PL. : those, these. 
ystoso [-to], adj. : costly, expensive. 

«o-strottivot, adj. : coercive ; constrin- 
gent, -stretto, PART., ADJ.: constrained, 
obliged, -strigneref, ||=stringere, 
IBR. ; TR. : constrictt ; constrain (oblige, 
compel) ; bindf. -stringimento, M. : 
constraint, force, -strinsi, fret, of 
stringere. -strittivo, ADJ. : constrictive 
(binding), -strizionet, P. : constriction. 

oo-stmire [L. eon-struere (pile)], irr.§ ; 
TR. : construct, erect ; construe, -strnt- 
to, PART.: constructed ; m. : (gram.) con- 
struction ; advantage, consequence, -strnt- 
tore, M., -stmttTi«e, F. : constructer. 
-stmttnrat, -strnzione, F. : struc- 
ture; construction. 

§ Reg. or Pret. coUrus-si, -se ; -sera. Part. 

•stui [L. eceu-iste-kic, 'lo-this-here'], 
PRON. : this fellow (in disp. sense). 

eostn-mat, F. : custom, -maeeio, M. : 
bad custom, -manza, F. : custom (us'ly 
ancient) ; good breeding ; wayt. -mare, 
INTR. : be customary (be wont) ; TB.f: ed- 
ucate ; accustom ; practice, -matamen- 
to, ADV. : politely, -matezza, F. : good 
breeding, -mato, PART. : educated, po- 
lite ; habituatedf. -mazionof, P. : teach- 
ing. ||costn-me [L. con-suetudo (suus, 
one's own)], m. : custom (usage); way; 
morals, habit ; costume. 

costnra [cucitura], F. : seam. 

co-8n««ia [so], -snzzaf, P. : trifle (non- 

cot&-le [L. eecu-tale, 'lo-such'], pron. : 
such a one ; adj. : such ; ADV.f : so, thus. 
-Im&ntet, adv. : in such a way (thus). 

cotanto [L. eccu-tantus, 'lo-as-much'], 
ADV. : so much ; so longt ; ADJ.f : as much, 
as many : due eotanti, twice as many. 

o6te pi. cos], P. : whetstone ; stimulus. 



co-teg7iino, M. : kind of pork sausage. 
Il-tenna [L. cutis, skin], p. : rind of ba- 
con ; {jest.) skin of the head : metier su 
— , fatten, -tennoso, ADJ. : swardlike. 

oo-testo [-desto], pron. : that (one), -te- 
stnit, pron. : this fellow. 

coti-o/iino [L. cutis, skin], M. : kind of 
pork sausage, -cone, M. : hard-skinned 
person ; rude fellow. 

cotidian. . =: quotidian. . 

cotiledone [Gr. kotuledon (kotule, hollow 
cup)], M. : (fiot.) cotyledon. 

cotot, M. : thought. 

coto-gna.P.: quince (sort of apple), -gna- 
to, M. : quince preserve or marmalade. 
-gnino, ADJ. : smelling and tasting like 
quince. ||cot6-£rno [L. cydonius, quince- 
tree], M. : QUiNCE-tree. 

coto-ne [fr. Ar.], M. : cotton : — fulmi- 
nante, gun cotton, -nerie, P. PL.: cotton 
goods, -nina, P. : calico, canvas, -noso, 
ADJ. : cottony, downy. 

cotorni«et, P. : quail, partridge. 

cottai [?], P. : tunic (tabard) ; surplice. 

cot - ta 2 [cotto], P. : cooking ; baking ; 
quantity cooked ; drunkenness ; infatua- 
tion : di tre — , most complete, arrant ; 
pigliare una — , get drunk, -ti-eeio, 
ADJ. : half -cooked or baked ; half -tipsy ; 
somewhat in love. 

cottimo [L. quotumus, of what number], 
M. : work by contract ; contract : lavora- 
re a — , work by contract. 

cot-to [cocere], part.: cooked ; M. : cooked 
food, -tola. P.: cooking; preparation; 
disposition, -toio, adj. : easily cooked ; 
easily falling in love, -tnra, P. : cook- 

co-tnrnato, adj. : wearing the buskin, 
buskined. H-tnrno [Gr. kothornos], M. : 
cothurn (buskin) : calzare il — , write 

c6-va, P. : brooding (hatching) ; hatching- 
place ; denf. -va-ccino, M. : thin hard 
cake (baked in ashes), -vacciof, -va«- 
-eiolo [-vo], M. : cave, deu ; (jest.) bed. 
Il-vare [L. cubare, lie down], TR. : brood 
(hatch; plot); intr.: sit brooding; linger 
idly ; smoulder ; stagnate (of water), -va- 
ta, P. : covey (brood), -vatnra, -va- 
zionet, P. : brooding (hatching). 

cover-cMare = coperchiare. ||oov6p- 
ta [eoperta], P. : deck ; coverf, lid. -ti- 
nat, P. : saddle-cloth. 

covi-daref, TR. : covet. -d6sot, ADJ. : 

covisrliaret, INTR. ; refl. : shelter one's 
self. " 

coviffHot, M. : beehive. 

co-vile, M.: lair (den); (jest.) room; bed. 
||c6-vo \_-vare], co-volof, M.: lair, haunt; 
(jest.) bed. 



oovon-eello, -eino, M. : small sheaf. 
Iloovone [?], M. : sheaf. 

covp. . ^ copr. . 

oozionef, F. : cooking. 

coz-zare [?], TR. : butt (strike with the 
horns) ; INTR. : dispute (contend) : — col 
muro, struggle in vain, -zata, P. : but- 
ting (blow with the horns), coz-zo, m. : 
butting (shock) : dar di — , run against. 

cozz6ne [L. coctio, cooking], M. : matri- 
monial agent ; agent. 

era era [echoic], F. : caw-caw of ravens. 
craif = era era. 

ora-nio [L. -niwiri], M. : cranium (skull). 
-niologia, F. : craniology. 

orap-olaf, crap-ula [L.], P. : gluttony ; 
debauch (cf. Eng. crapula, surfeit), -ula- 
re, INTR. : indulge in debauch, -alone, 
M. : glutton, debauchee, -ulositaf = -la. 

crasi [Gr. krdsis, mixture], P. : crasis 
(contraction of vowels ; med.: mixture). 

cras-sezzaf, P. : fatness, -sizief, P. : 
(thickness). ||-so [L. -sus], ADJ. : crass 
(thick, gross, coarse). 

cra-t^raf, P. : cup ; crater. ||-tere 
[L. -ter], M. : crater. 

crav4t-ta [Fr. -e (Cravate, Croat)], P. : 
cravat, -taio, M. : maker or seller of 

crazia [Ger. kreuzer (kreuz, cross)], P. : 
small Tuscan coin. 

crea-nza, P.: education, good breeding. 
-nzato, ADJ. : (jest.) well-bred. ||crea- 
re [L.], TE. : create (produce), -tivo, 
ADJ. : creative, crea-to, part., adj. : 
created; M.f: creature (servant): il — , 
the world, -tore, M. . creator. -tri«e, 
F. : creatress, -tura, F. : creature ; de- 
pendent, -turina, P.: dear little crea- 
ture, -zioue, P. : creation; appointment; 

orebTii, FRET, of crescere. 

cpobrof, adj. : close (frequent). 

cre-dente, PART., ADJ. : believing, -den- 
za, P. : credence, faith ; confidence ; 
credit ; pantry ; cupboard : lettere di — , 
letters of credit ; a — , on credit, -den- 
zetta , F. : small cupboard or pantry. 
-denziale, ADJ., M. : credential, -den- 
zieraf = -denza. -denziere, M. : 
butler; confidautf. -denzina, p.: small 
cupboard. -denzone, M. : credulous 
man. Ilcre-dere [L.], TR. : believe ; im- 
agine (suppose), -devolef, adj. : cred- 
ible; credulous, -dibile, adj. : credible; 
credulousf. -dibilita, P. : credibility. 
-dibilmente, ADV. : credibly, ore-di- 
to, M. : credit ; reputation, -ditore, M., 
-ditri-ee, P.: creditor, ere -do, M. : 
creed: in »» — , in an instant, -dnlita, 
F. : credulity, cre-dulo, ADJ. : credu- 


cre-ma, P.: cream (dish made of eggg, 
milk, sugar, etc.) . II -mare [L., bum], TK. ; 
cremate, -matoio, M. : crematory, -ma- 
torio, ADJ. . crematory, -mazione,,?.: 

cremis. . = chermis. . 

cremoref, M. : cream, essence. 

creo-la, P., -lo, M. [?] : Creole. 

creosoto [Gr. kreas, flesh, sodzein, pre- 
serve], M. : creosote. 

cre-pa, P. : cleft ; large opening (in walls). 
-pae-eia, F.; large crack. -pa««iatot, 
ADJ. : full of gaps or cracks, -paeeio, 
M. : large cleft or gap ; crepance. -pa«- 
eiolo, M. : gap. -pa = c(a)dre, M.: 
heartbreak. |l-paro [L.], INTR.: crack 
(split), -patnra, P. : crack. 

crepida [L.], P. : kind of sandal. 

crepi-tare [L.],INTR.: crepitate (crackle). 
crepi-to, M. : crepitation. 

crepolare, us'ly serepolare. 

creporef, M. : hatred, scorn. 

crepdndef, M. or P. PL. : toys. 

cre-pnscolare, ADJ.: crepuscular. Il-pn- 
scolo [L. -puseulurrH, M. : twilight (Eng.f 

cre-scendo, M.: (mus.) crescendo. 
-scente, PART., ADJ.: growing, crescent; 
P.f : crescent moon, -scenza, P. : in- 
crease, growth. Ilcre-scere [L.], IKE.§ ; 
INTR. : grow, inCRBASE ; TR. : augment. 
-scimento, M. : increase, augmentation. 
§ Pret. cr^b-bi^ -be ; -bero. Part. cresdMo. 

orescione [?], M. : cress. 

cre-scit6re,M., -scitri«e, F. : increaser. 
-sciuta, P.: growth. ||-sciuto \ersi- 
seere\, part, of -seere. 

cres(i)-iiia [cf. erisma\, P. : chrismawon 
(sacrament of confirmation of faith hy 
applying the chrism or holy oil), -man- 
do, M. : person about to be confirmed (cf. 
-ma), -mare, TR. : confirm (cf. -ma); 
REPL. : be confirmed. 

cresof, part, of eredere. 

cre-spa, P.: wrinkle, crease, -sparej, 
TR. : crisp (curl); intr. : curl, -spellot, 
M. : small wrinkle; fritter, -spozzaf,?.: 
wrinkling. ||cre-spo [L. crispjis], ADJ. : 
crisp (curled), -spnto, adj.: curled; 

ore-sta \L. eTist<i\, p. : crest (tuft; wssr 
™it); (iesf.) woman's head-dress, -staia, 
F. : milliner, -staina, dim. of -dava,. 

crestomazia [Gr. chrestos, useful, ma- 
thein, learn], F. : chrestomathy. 

cre-stosof, -stntof, adj.: crested, tufted. 

cre-ta, pop. cre-ta [L. (Creta, Crete)], F.: 
chalk, clay. -ta«eo, adj.: cretaceous; 
clayey, cre-tioo, adj.: oretic (——-). 
-tina, P., -tiuo [from the colour of the 
skin], M. : cretin (idiot), -toso, ADJ.: 


crdtto [erepito], m. : crack (chink). 

ori [echoic], M.: crick, crack (sound): cri- 
cri, cricket's chirp. 

criaret =^ ereare. 

ori-brare, TE.: sift; cleanse, -brazio- 
net, P. : sifting, -bro [L. -brum}, M. : 

crie [echoic], M. : crick, crack, -ca, F. : 
company of plotters, conspirators; flush 
of cardst; kind of game, -oho = crie. 
-cTtiare, us'ly scricehiare. crio-c7iio, 
M. : crack; capricef. 

ori -met, ^- ■ crime, -menslese [L. 
-men loesoe sc. majestatis, 'crime of of- 
fended majesty'], M. : LEZE-majesty (high 
treason), -minalo, adj.: criminal, -mi- 
nalista, M. : criminalist, -minalita, 
F. : criminality, -minalmente, ADV. : 
criminally, -minaret, TR. : criminate, 
accuse, -minazionet, F. : crimination 
(accusation), cri-mine, M. : crime. 
-minosita, F. : criminality, -minoso, 
ADJ. : criminal. 

cri-nale, M. : comb; hair ornament. 
Il-ne [L. -nis], M. : hair; mane: il — 
d'un monte, summit of a mountain; i -ni 
del cavallo, horse's mane and tail, -nie- 
ra, F.: horse's mane, -nito, adj.: (poet.) 
crinated (hairy), -no, M.: horse-hair (for 

cridccat, P. : crowd ; clique. 

oripta = critta. 

orisalide [Gr. chrusallis (chrus6s, gold)], 
P. : chrysalis. 

orisantdmo [Gr. chrusos, gold, dnthe-mon, 
flower], M. : chrysanthemum. 

cri-se, -si [Gr. -sis], P. : crisis. 

crisma [Gr. chrisma, unction], M. : chrism 
(consecrated oil used in some sacraments). 

crisolito [Gr. chrusos, gold, lithos, stone], 
M. : chrysolite ; (fig.) good wine. 

oristal-Iaio, M.: maker or seller of glass- 
ware, -lame, M. : glassware, -lino, 
ADJ. : crystalline ; M. : crystalline, -liz- 
zare, TR. : crystallize ; eefl. : become 
crystallized. -Uzzazione, P. : crystalli- 
zation. ||cristai-lo [L. -lum (Gr. krUos, 
frost)], M. : crystal, -lografia, P.: 
crystallography. -16grafa, M. : crystal- 

oristatot, ADJ. : crested. 

oristeot, M. : clyster. 

ori-stianaeeio, disp. of -stiano. -stia- 
namente, ADV.: as a Christian, -stia- 
ne|;giare, INTR.: approach Christianity. 
-stia'nello, disp. of -stiano. -stianfi- 
simo, M.: (Christianity, -stianissimo, 
ADJ. : most Christian ; title of French kings. 
-stianita, F.: Christendom; Christianity. 
-sti4no, M. : Christian ; civilized man ; 
ADJ.: Christian : (jest.) ognifedel — , every 
man, everybody. ||Cri-sto [Gr. christos 

orogiolctto 125 

(ehriein, anoint)], M. : Christ ; image of 
Christ (cruciflx). 

ori-terio [Gr. kri-terion (-nein, sepa- 
rate)], M. : criterion (discernment, judg- 
ment), cri-tica, P. : criticism; critique, 
censure, -tioabile, ADJ. : criticisable. 
-ticamente, ADV. : critically, -ticare, 
TE. : criticise ; censure, -ticatore, M. : 
critic, -ticjietto, disp. of -tieo. -ti- 
-eismo, M. : criticism, cri-tico, ADJ. : 
critical; M. : critic, -ticone, ang. of 

orit-ta [Gr. krup-te (-tein, hide)], p.: 
GROTTO ; subterraneous place ; ceypt. 
-togama [Gr. gdmos, marriage], adj. : 
cryptogamian ; P. : cryptogamia. 

ori-vellare, TE. : cribble; sift. ||-vello 
[L. -brum], M. : sieve, bolter ; ceibble. 

croc-caute, ADJ. : crackling, brittle (said 
of food); M. : kind of almond cake. || -ca- 
ret = -chiare. 

orocci'i.ia [?], P. : tresses. 

croc-cTiiare [root cro-, ak. to 'crow'], 
INTR. : rattle ; cluck ; chattert. croc- 
ehio, M. : circle (of conversing people); 
clique ; conversation : metier si a — , con- 
verse. -cTiionet, M. : chatterer. 

cr6«-ciat, P. : oyster. 

cro-eeiaret, INTR. : cluck. 

croccot, M. : iron hook. 

cr6-«e [L. crux], P. : CROSS ; trouble, 
sorrow, -eellina, car. dim of -ce. 

croeeo [L. -ceus (-eus, saffron)], ADJ.: 
(poet.) saffron-coloured. 

cro-«eriat, P. : multitude of crusaders. 
\\~ee=sig9ato^cracesignato. -eetta, 
P. : orosslet. -ciamentot, M. : afflic- 
tion, -eiare, TR.t : join a crusade ; mark 
with a cross ; eefl. : assume the cross. 
-«iata, f. : crusade : — di strade, cross- 
road, -eiato, M. : crusader ; tormentt ; 
ADj.t : marked with the cross. -«iccftio, 
M. : cross-road. 

cro«idare \h. crocitare (crocire)], inte. : 
caw, croak. 

cro-eiera [croee], P. : crossing (intersec- 
tion); constellation. 

oro«i- [L. crux, cross]. Il=figgere, ibr.; 
TR. : crucify ; torment ; eefl. : mortify 
one's self, -fissaio, M. : maker or seller 
of crucifixes, -fissi, peet. of -figgere. 
-fissine, P. PL.: religious association. 
-fissino, M. . small crucifix, -fissione, 
p. : crucifixion, -fisso, PART. : crucified ; 
M. : crucifix, -fissore, M. : orucifier. 

croeione [-ce], M. : great cross. 

cro-ciudlot ^ crogiolo. 

croco [L. crocus], M. : (poet.) crocus, saf- 

cro-gfaret [?], TR. : roast, -g/olare, 
TR. : ' roast ; eefl. : give one's self up to, 
pamper one's self, -gioletto, m.: small 



crucible, -^dloi, M. : crucible, ord- 
^olo2, M. : roasting ; slow cooking. 

ordiot, ADJ.: hard (unyielding); clownish. 

orol=l&re [co-rotulare (L. rota, wheel)], 
INTE. : shake, fall ; repl. : fall headlong. 

^ ordl-lo, M.: shaking, jog: dar I' ultimo — , 
die ; go to ruin. 

or6-iua [Gr. ehrdma, colour], P. : (mus.) 
quaver, -matioam^nte, ADV. : chro- 
matically. -ni4tioo, ADJ. : chromatic. 
-molitografia, F. : chromolithography. 

ord-naoa [Gr. chrdnos, time], F. : chron- 
icle, -naoh-^tta, F. : short chronicle. 
ord-nioaf := -naea. -nioam^nto, 
ADV.: in a chronic manner. -nioMstaf, 
M. : chronicler. -iii«if>no, M. : (med.) 
chronic illness. -iiieit&, f. : being 
chronic, ord-nioo, ADJ.: chronic, linger- 
ing, -nista, -ndgrafo, M. : chronicler. 
-nolo^ia, F. : chronology. -iiolo|;ica- 
m^nte, ADV. : chronologically, -nold- 
|;ioo, ADJ.: chronological, -nolo^ista, 
-ndlogo, M.: chronologist. -mdmetro, 
M. : chronometer. 

orosci. . = scrosci. . 

or6-sta [L. eritsta], P.: crust (scale); 
crust of bread ; outside, -st&eeo, adj. : 
crustacean ; M. : Crustacea, -st&ta, P. : 
pie, tart, -sterdlla, P. : very small 
crust. -stiiio,M.: slice of bread, -stdne, 
M. ; large crust, -stdso, -stdtof, ADJ. : 

ordtalo [L. -talum], M. : rattlesnake (of 
the 'crotalus' species); crotalum (sacred 
to Cybele). 

oru««6To-let, ADJ. : irritable. -Iia6n- 
t«t> ADV. : irritably. 

or6«eiat := gruccia, 

oru-««i4re [L. -eiare (crux, cross)], INTR., 
BBPL.: grieve; tk.: torment, afflict. -««ta- 
tam^ute, ADV. : angrily ; sorrowfully. 
-««lAtot, ADJ. : angry, provoked. cr6- 
eeio [of. eorrueei^, M. : anger (passion 
wrath); torment, -eelosam^nte, adv. : 
angrily, -eeldso, adj. : angry. -«e= 
8i£r9&to, adj. : with the cavalier's cross ; 
M. : cavalier with a cross, -efam^nto, 
M. : torment, -el&vai, repl. : mortify 
one's self, -eiocft-iof = erociechio. -ei- 
fi^|;eret = eroeifiggere. 

oru-daiu4iite, ADV.: crudely. -del4e- 
«lo, ADJ. : barbarous, -ddle, adj. : 
cruel; painful, -del^zzaf, -dellt&t) 
p. : cruelty, -delm^nte, adv. : cruel- 
ly. -delt&, p. : cruelty, -ddrof, ADJ. : 
cruel, -d^tto, adj. : somewhat crude. 
-d^zza, -dit&, f. : crudity. ||or&-do 
[L. -dus], ADJ.: crude (raw; immature); 
harsh ; (.poet.) cruel, -ent&ref, tk. : 
make bloody, -dnto, adj. : bloody. 

orfina [corona], P., ordnof, M. : eye of 
a needle. 


or&-soa [OGer. gruiehe]. P.: bran; 
freckle ; Florentine Academy (whose de- 
vice, a sieve, denoted a sifting out of the 
'bran'): parlare in — , talk affectedly, 
pedantically. -Bo&io, M.: pedant. -»o&a.- 
te, M. : {jest.) member of the Delia Crusca 
Academy ; purist. -soAtaf, P. : tiresome 
speech, jumble, -aohillo, M. : fine bran. 
-so/ter4lla, P.: child's game, -sodnet, 
M. : ninny, -sodso, ADJ.: branny (full 
of bran). 

orust4«eot = eroitaeeo, 

oubire [cubo], te. : (math.) cube. 

ouli&ret 2, EEPL. : lie down. 

ou-b&ttot, M., -l>&ttolat, P. : bird-trap. 

cubat&ra [cubo], F. : cubature. 

oubdbe [fr. Ar.], M., P. : cubeb. 

oubi-oam^nte, ADV.: cubically. ofibl- 
oo [eubo], adj. : cubic, -oulariof, M. : 
chamberlain, -t&le, adj.: cubital: let- 
iere -tali, uncial letters. 

odbi-to [L. -turn], M. : elbow ; cubit.' 

oublt6sot, ADJ. : desirous. 

oiibo [Gr. kUboi], M. : cube ; adj. : cubic. 

onoo&-(7na [?], P. : great abundance ; co- 
cagne (land of luxury, Utopia); feast of 
climbing the greased pole (for prizes); 
albero di — , greased pole. -0ni4re, te.: 
make one believe, deceive. 

oaoo4iat, P. : owl's nest. 

ou««6tta [-ccia], P. : sailor's bed. 

ouo-oM&ia,F.: drag; rammer. -ohitAA- 
ta, P. : spoonful. -cTiiaiatina, F. : 
teaspoonful. -ohia.iiva'^, P.: quantity 
of spoons (in a case). -oMaino, M, : 
teaspoon. ll-oM&io [L. eoehliarium 
(concha, shell)], m. : spoon ; spoonful. 
-o7i.lai6ne, M. : large spoon ; soup-ladle. 
-ohi&Ta, P. : trowel ; large spoon ; ladle 
for cannon. 

od«-«ia, P. : dog's bed ; (jest.) bed. ||"«tA- 
re [Pr. coucher, C0UCH|, INTE.: crouch, 
squat. o&«~eiot = -ciolo. -elolino, 
adj. : puppyish ; inexperienced ; m. : little 
dog ; simpleton. od«-«iolo, adj. : pup- 
pyish ; simple ; M. : puppy ; ninny, -eio- 
Idtto = -eiolino. 

o^ooo [ak. to coeeodi], m. : egg ; darling 

onooik [echoic], M. : homed owl; homed 
owl's hoot. 

ouooninot, M. : cuckoo. 

oliooama [L. eucuma (coqiiere 'cookOl 
P. : kettle, coffee-pot : aver la — , be fu- 

on«lm£nto [eucire], M. : sewing. 

ou«i-na [L. (coyuere 'cook')], P.; kitch- 
en; cookery, victuals, -n&blle, ADJ.; 
that can be cooked, -n&re, intr. : cook, 
prepare food : (fig.) — una eosa, arrange 
a thing, -n&rlo, adj. : of the kitchen 
(culinary). -nat6ra, p., -nature, H.: 


cook. -naMra, p. : cooking, -nidra, 
r., -nldre, M. : convent cook; cookery- 
book, -nina, -nino, dim. of -na. 
-ndna, -nAne, aug. of -na. -n^««ia, 
' dUp. of -na. 

on-«ire [L. eon-tuere (sew)], tr. (Pres. 
-eiieo, or -eio): sew, stitch; — menzogne, 
weave lies. -«ito, M. : sewing ; seam 
' (suture). -«lt6ra, F., -«it6re, M. : 

sewer. -«ltriee, P. : seamstress, -ei- 
tdra, P. : sewing ; stitches. 
oa-onU6re, TR. : tease (banter). -Ua- 
t6ra, P.: banter, -c&llo, -odlo [L. 
-Ins (echoic)], m. : cuckoo. 
ono&rbi-ta [L.], p. : gourd ; cucurbit 
(distilling vessel). -t4eee, p. pl.: cucur- 
bitaceous plants. 
I oa-o&M. . = cocuzz. . 

o6f-fla [1. L. cofea (ak. to capo)], p. : coip 

(woman's bonnet). -tL6,««ia., disp. of 

-fia. -fl^tta, -fina, dim. of -fla. -B.6- 

no, aug. of -/a. -fl^ttof, M.: man's cap. 

o&floo [Oufa, city in Bagdad], adj. : oufio. 

I on^-ma [L. con sobrinus (ak. to soror, 

sister)], p., -no, M. : cousin. 

o^i [L., 'to whom'], PBON. : whom, which : 

da — -, from whom, from which; di — , 


oa-la««ino [-lo], M. : end, bottom ; re- 
mains (in a glass, etc.). -l&tta, f. : 
hinder part; breech of a cannon, etc. 
-le^fft&Telf, INTR. : stmt. 
o&Uce [L. -lex], M, : culex (gnat). 
o61-la [L. curue], P.: cradle ; (fig.) native 
place, -lam^nto, M. : rocking the cradle. 
-l&re, TR. : cradle, lull. 
onlmifero [-mo], adj. : culmiferous. 
oAImlne [L. -men], m. : culmen (summit). 
oAlmo [L. -mu«, stalk (ak. to calamus, 
reed)], u. : stalk (stem). 
odlo [L.-2u«], M.: bottom (breech, buttocks; 
bottom of glasses, etc.). 
oultdll . . = coltell. . 
oal-tiva . . t = coltiva. . ||-to [L. -tUB 
(eolere, till)], M. : cult (religion); vener£k- 
tion; ADJ.: cultured. -t6re, M., -tri«e, 
F. : cultivator, odl-tro, m. : sacrificial 
knife, -tdra, P. : cultivation ; culture ; 
OTuninot = comino. 
cAmolo = eumulo. 

enmn-l&re, TR. : heap up (accumulate). 
-latam^nto, -latlTam^nte, adv. : in 
a heap (collectively), -lativo, adj. : cu- 
mulative. -lat6r«,M.: accumulator, -la- 
■i6ne, P.: accumulation. Ho&mn-lo 
[L. -lut, heap], M. : heap (accumulation). 
o6na, poet, for cuUa. 
on-nelf6rme, ADJ.: cuniform. ||o6-neo 
[L. cuneut], M. : wedge ; kind of torture. 
onni-oola,M.: (mi^) mine, tunnel, onni- 
oalot \^, -cuius, 'conyl, M.: rabbit. 

oaraore 127 

o^ntaf, F. : delay. 

o6n-zia [7], p.: sweet rush (plant), -xli- 
rat, P. : scent-bottle. 

cnoo. . = coc. . 

cnoi. . = coi. . 

onopriref ::= coprire. 

oa6-re [L. cor], M. : heart ; feeling, dis- 
position ; courage : di buon — , willingly ; 
far tanto di — , be completely satisfied. 
-rl, P.: hearts (suit at cards), -rieinof, 
M. : little heart. 

ou-pam^nte [-po], ADV. : deeply. -p6z- 
za, P. : depth. 

onpl-dam^nte, adv.: eagerly, -digia, 
-dlt&, P.: cupidity (greed). ||o&pi-do 
[L. -dui], \T)i. : desirous ; greedy. 

o6po [L. cupa, tub], adj. : obscure (dark); 
deep; silent, reserved; M. PL.: obscurity: 
voce cupa, deep voice. cdpo-la, P. : 
cupola (dome), -l^tta, -lino, dim. of 
-la. cdpo-lo, ADJ. : slightly dome- 
shaped. -16ne, aug. of -lo. 

o-Cl'To, [L.], p.: care (management); treat- 
ment (of diseases); CURE, parish; curate's 
residence, -rdbile, adj.: curable, -ra^ 
ddntit, M. : toothpick. -ra^6ne t, 
P.: care; treatment, -rand&io, m.; 
bleacher. -r4nte, adj. : careful : me- 
dico — , attending physician. -i*4re, 
TR. : care for ; esteem (value) ; treat, 
cure ; cleanse, bleach ; rbpl. : pay atten- 
tion to (heed); care to (desire); intb. : 

curii-tat, -tdlla = cora-ta, -tella. 

cura-tivo, adj. : curative. ||onr4-to 
[-re], M. : curate (parish priest). -t6re, 
M.: curator, guardian. -tri«o, P.; guard- 

curattidref, M. : second-hand dealer; 

ourazldnef = curagione. 

oli-ria [L.], f. : curia (division of Roman 
people) ; justice-court ; advocates (law- 
yers); bishop's court or residence. -rl&- 
le, ADJ. : of a court, curialistic ; M. : 
court, -rial^soo, disp. of -riale: adj. : 
cavilH -rialeschi, court sophistry or fal- 
lacies, -rlalit&t, P. : courtesy. 

onrl&ndolof =: coriandolo. 

onrl4to [curia], ADJ. : pertaining to the 
curia : eomizi — ti, assembly of the curia. 

ourieidttolaf, F. : bad care ; bad remedy. 

onrio-8&«e{o, ADJ. : inquisitive ; imperti- 
nent ; ridiculous, -sam^nte, adv. : cu- 
riously. -s6tto, M. : somewhat curious 
man. -sltA., P. : curiosity ; rarity. ||on- 
ri6-so [L. -sus (cura, care)], adj. : cu- 
rious (anxious ; inquisitive); odd (comical); 
M. : curious, queer man. 

o&r-rof, M. : cart ; roller. ||-s6re [L. 
-tor (,-rere, run)], M. : messenger ; porter ; 



curule [L. -lis], adj.: curule, official; 
M. : magistrate : sedia -^, curule chair. 

our-va, F. : curve, -vare, tr. : bend 
(curve) ; eefl. : stoop. -Tatura, F. : 
curvature, -votto, m. : small curve. 
-vezzat = -OTte. -vi=lineo, ADJ.: cur- 
vilinear, -vitaf, F. : gibbousness, being 
hunchbacked. H-vo [L. -vus\, adj.: 
curved ; crooked (stooping). 

cusaref, TE. : accuse (blame); refl. : ac- 
cuse one's self. 

ou-sciuetto, M.: small cushion. ||-scino 
[1. L. culeitinum (L. cuUita, mattress)], 
M. : CUSHION (pillow). 

cusciref := eucire. 

cnscuta [L.], P. : monk's rhubarb. 

casoffiolat, F. : momentary fright. 

cusolieref, M. : spoon. 

cnspi-dale, ADJ.: (arch.) cuspidated. 
Iloaspi-de [L. euspis, point], P. : cusp ; 
pointf; vertex. 

custo-de [L. custos], M.: custodian (watch- 
man), custo-dia, P. : custody (charge ; 
care), -dimento, M. : custody, -dire, 
TE. : have in custody (guard); maintain 
(support); REPL. : nourish one's self well. 
-ditamentef, ADV.: accurately (care- 
fully), -ditore, M. : custodian. 

cu-taneo, ADJ. : cutaneous. |lf!a-te pli. 
-Us], P. : skin, -ticagrua, F. : nape of 
the neck, -ticolaf, F. : cuticule (pel- 

cu-trettat, -trettola [? coda trepida], 
P. : wagtail. 

czar, -ina [Russ. tzar (L. Ccesar)], M., P.: 

d di [L.], M. : d (the letter). 

da [L. de], prep. : from ; by, near ; with 
inflnit. denotes fitness, capacity, etc. ; 
after the verb 'ouere' demoies obligation, 
convenience : — padre, as a father ; — 
heffe, in jest ; — che, since ; lo fard — se, 
he will do it by himself; far — padre, 
act as a father ; — per tutto, everywhere ; 
— quello in poi (or in fuori), aside from 
that, that accepted ; — poi in qua, since 
that time ; — vera, truly, indeed. 

dabbe-na-e^io, aug. of -ne. -uaggine, 
F. : ingenuousness ; simplicity. Hdabbe- 
ne [da bene], ADJ. : good, honest : uomo 
— , upright man; dabben uomo, block- 

daocapo [da capo], ADV. : once more ; 
from the beginning. 

daocTie [da che], adv. : since. 

daddo-lo [mf ant's 'da'], M. : affected 
caress; affectation; nonsense, -lona, 


F., -lone, M. : affected person. -Idso, 
ADJ. : affected, foolish. 

daddoverof, ADV.: in truth, seriously. 

da-dino, M. : small die or cube. ||da-do 
[? data (dare, throw)], M.: DIE ; cube ; ped- 
estal, -dolino, dim. of -do. 

daffare, no pi. [da fare], M. : occupation 

da-ga [1. L.], P. : dagger. -gTietta, p. : 
small dagger ; stiletto. 

iagli, for da gli, da i, from the ; by the. 

dai-nat, P. : doe. -no [L. dama, deer], 
M. : deer. 

dallatof, ADV. : by the side of, by. 

dalmatica [Dalmazia], F. : dalmatifia 
(long white tunic). 

dama [L. domina, mistress], P.: dame 
(lady) ; sweetheart ; game of draughts : 
boeca di — , kind of sweet cake. 

damaggfo ^,Vi.. damage. 

damare [dama], TE. : crown (a man at 

dama-scato, ADJ.: damasked (decorated). 
-scTtetto, M. : damask cloth or silk. 
-scMna, P. : damaskin (Damascus blade). 
-sc7i.ino, ADJ.: damascene, damask. ||da- 
ma-sco [Damasco, Damascus], m. : dam- 
ask silk. 

da - meggiare f, TR. : play the dandy. 
-merino [-ma], M. : gallant (dandy). 
-migella, P.: young lady; maid of 
honoiir. -miigellot, M. : youth, -mi- 
giana [Fr. dame, lady, Jeanne, Jane], ?.: 
demijohn, -mina, car. dim. of -ttm. 

dammat, P. : deer. 

damo [dama],M.: (vulg.) lover; betrothed. 

da-naia«<;iot, M. : bad money, -naiof 
= -naro. -naiosof, adj. : rich in money. 
Il-naro [L. denarius (deni, ten), denary], 
M.: money; small coin (farthing); twenty- 
fourth part of an ounce ; PL. : diamonds 
at cards, -naroso, ADJ.: rich in cash 

danda [Eng. dandle], P. : support-band 
(for children beginning to walk); mode of 

dan-gierof, M. : damage, -naggiof, 
M. : damage, -nare, refl. : deserve the 
torments of hell> torment one's self f I 
TE. : condemn ; cancel : far — , cause to 
despair. -nato, part. : condemned, 
damned ; M. : i -nati, the damned, -na- 
tore, M. : condemnor. -nazi6ne, F. : 
damnation, condemnation. -neggia- 
mentof, M. : damage, -neggiare, 
TE. : damage (hurt) ; refl. : ham one's 
self, -neggiatore, M. : who harms or 
damages, '-nevolef, ADJ.: blamable; 
harmful, -nevolmente f, ADV. : blam- 
ably. -nificare f, tr. . damage ; con- 
demn, -niot, ADJ. : harmful. |{dan- 
no pj. damnum], m. : damage (harm) ; 


loss, prejudice: mio — , the worse for 
me; 'recar — , damage; be prejudicial. 
-nosamente, ADV.: harmfully, with 
damage, -noso, adj. : hurtful (noxious). 

dante [L. dama, deer], m. : tanned deer- 

dan-teggiare [Dante], INTB. : imitate 
Dante, '-itesoo, ADJ. : Dantean. -tista, 
M. : student of Dante. 

dan-za, F. : dance. ||-zare [6er. tan- 
zen], INTR. : dance, -zatore, M., -za- 
tri«e, P. : dancer. 

dapet, F. : food. 

dappertntto [da per tutto], ADV.: every- 

dap-piet, -piede [da piede'], adv.: from 
the foot ; from the bottom. 

dappo-oaggine, -cTtezza t, F. : worth- 
lessness ; idleness. ||dapp6-co [da po- 
co], adj. : worthless, idle. 

dap-poi [da poi], adv.: afterwards; 
after. -poi=o7ie, adv.: since then, since. 

dappresso [da presso], ADV. : close to 

dapprima [da prima], ADV. : at iirst. 

dar-deggiare, TR.: dart, hurl, -dierof, 
H.: darter ; archer. ||dar-da [ASax. da- 
radh], m. : dakt ; javelin. 

dare [L.], IRR.§ ; TR. : give, present ; de- 
vote; grant; commit, assign; produce, 
yield ; strike (shine upon) ; come upon, 
meet ; repl. : give one's self up to, occupy 
one's self with : dar da fare, cause annoy- 
ance, grief; dar da pensare, cause to 
think ; viUa che da a mezzogiomo, house 
facing south ; dar di capo, — in, fall in 
with, light upon ; — in, incline to ; dar 
gin, be in failing health, lose one's means ; 
darsela a gambe, take to one's heels ; dar- 
n, happen, be possible; darsi attorno, 
work for a thing ; darsi a conoscere, show 
one's self ; pud darsi, it is possible, it may 
he ; — del tu, use thee and thou. 

§ Ind. Pres. *^^, ddz, dh : didmo. ddte, 
ddnno. Impi.ddva. Yr&t. d}iti or dikdt,d^- 
sti, dHie or diede ; d^mmo, diste, dittero or 
diedera. Fut. daro, Cond. darH. Subj. : 
Pres. dia, etc. Impf. dessi, etc. I've da\ 
ddte. Ger. ddndo. Part. ddio. — Old or 
poet, forms: diet, dik ; dierono ; didssi, etc.; 
(Subj.) dia I 

darsena [fr. Ar.], P. : wet dock. 

das-sai f, ADJ. : sufficient, -saiezza f, 
P. : sufSciency (ability). 

dassezzof, ADV. : lastly. 

d&-ta, P. : date ; patronage (of ecclesias- 
tical benefices); nature t (quality); strikef; 
blow (in ball games), -t&ro, tk. : date. 
-taria f ^ -teria. -tariato, M. : office 
or rank of datary. -tdrio, M. : datary 
(officer of Roman chancery), -toria, p.: 
dataria (Roman chancery), -tivo, M. : 
(gram.) dative case ; adj. : dative (given 



by a magistrate). ||da-to [-re], part. : 
given ; given to ; m. : gift ; datum : es«er 
— , be in one's power ; in buon — , in great 
quantity, -tore, M. : giver. 

dat-tero, M. : date (fruit), -tilioo, 
ADJ. : dactylic. ||dat-tilo [Gr. ddktu- 
los, finger], M. : dactyl (,——^, i.e. like 
the three finger-joints). 

dattorno [da torno], us'Iy dintorno, in- 

da-vantet, -vanti [L. de, ah, from, 
ante, before], adj.: front; adv.: in front 
of (before), -vanzale, M. : (arch.) 
window-cornice, -vanzo, M. ; rest (re- 
mainder). -Tvautaggiof, ADV. : more- 

davvero [da vera], ADV. : in truth. 

da-ziare, TR. : tax. -ziario, adj. : of a 
tax or impost. ||da-zio [L. -tio (dare, 
give)], M. : custom (duty ; toll) ; custom- 
place, -zione, P. : giving (donation) ; 
surrender (deditionf). -zzaiolo, M.: col- 
lector of customs. 

de- [L. de, of, from], prep. : de-. 

de', for dei, of the. 

dea pj. (deug, god)], P. : goddess. 

debacca-ref, INTR.: rage; rbpl. : be 
furious, -toref, M. : raving man. 

debbiof, M. : wood-ashes (for manure). 

debel-lamento, M. : conquest (subjuga- 
tion). Il-lare [L. (bellum, war)], te. : 
conquer (vanquish), -latere, M. : con- 

debi-le [L. -lis], adj. : weak (Eng.f de- 
bile) ; pop. for debole. -lezza, -lita, P.: 
debility, -litamento, M. : weakening 
(debilitation), -litare, tb. : debilitate 

debi-tamente, adv. : justly (duly), -ta- 
rello, M. : small duty or debt. ||debi- 
to [L. -tus (debere, owe)], adj. : due 
(proper) ; M. : debt ; duty : a — , without 
paying, -tolo, M. : little debt, -tora, 
p., -tore, M.,-tri«e, P. : debtor, -tuo- 
lo = -tolo. -tvL-e-eio, disp. of -to. 

debo-le [L. dehilis], ADJ. : weak (feeble, 
Eng.f debile) ; defective ; of little worth ; 
M. : failing (foible, defect), -letto, M. : 
dim. of -le. -lezza,, P. : debility (weak- 
ness); fault, -lino, dim. of -le. -lissi- 
mo, ADJ. : very weak or faint. -Imente, 
ADV.: weakly, -lona, P., -lone, M.: very 
feeble woman or man. -lotto, ADJ. : some- 
what weak. -ln€«io, disp. dim. of -le. 

de-ca [Gr. deka], P.: group of ten ; decade. 
||-cac6rdo [chorde, string], M. : deca- 

decaddi, fbet. of decadere. 

decade = deca. 

deca-denza, P.: decadence (decline). 
Il-dere [de-, c. .], IRR. ; INTR.: fall off; 
DECAY, -dimento, M. : decay (ruin). 



deoa=edro [Mdra, base], M.: decahedron. 
deca-gouo [Gr. ^oraia, angle], M.: deca- 
gon, -grammo, M. : decagram. deca= 
litro, M. : decaliter. deca=logo [Gr. 
logos, speech], M. : decalogue. 

dooaivaret, TR. : render bald. 

Decamerone [Gr. deka, ten, hemira, 
day], M. : Decameron (tales by Boccaccio). 

fleca=iuetro, M. : decameter, -n&to, 
\.-no\, M. : deanship. ||deca-no [phlef of 
ten], M. : dean; senior (of an organiza- 
tion) ; decurion. 

de=cantarei, TB. : extol (laud). 

decanta-re 2 [eaTiio], TR. : decant (pour 
oif). -zione, P. : decantation. 

decapita-re [L. caput, head], TR. : de- 
capitate, -zione, F. : decapitation. 

deca=sillabo, ADJ. : decasyllabic ; M. : 
verse of ten syllables, -stero [Gr. de- 
reds, solid], M. : decastere. 

de-«einbre [L. -cemJier (decern, ten)],m.: 
December, -eemvirale, adj. : decem- 
viral. -«eiiivirato, M. : decemvirate. 
-«eiiiviro [L. vir, man], M. : decemvir. 
-cennale, ADJ. : decennial; M.: ten years' 
history, -eenne, ADJ.: decennial, -een- 
nio 111. annus, year], M. : decennium. 

de - -eente [L. -cere, be fitting], adj. : 
decent (suitable), -eentemente, ADV.: 
suitably. -«enza, F. : decency (propri- 
ety), -cevolet, ADJ.: suitable, -eevo- 
l^zza, F. : suitability. 

decezionef, F. : deception ; error. 

decfiiarare = dichiarare. 

decMnaref, INTR. : descend ; decline. 

de«i- [L. decern, ten], prep. : deci-, tenth 

deeidere [L. (de, from, emdere, cut)], 
iRR.g; TR.: decide, determine ; refl. : form 
a determination. 

§ Pret. deci-si, -se; -sera. Part, deciso. 

deei-ferare, more commonly -frare. -fe- 
ratore, M. : decipherer, -frabile, adj.: 
decipherable. || -frare [L. de, from, It. 
cifrd\, TR. : decipher (make out). 

de«i=grainmo, M. . tenth of a gramme. 
de«i=litro, M. : tenth of a liter. de«i- 
ma, P. : tithe ; (mus.) tenth, -male, 
adj. : decimal, -mare, TR. : (mil.) deci- 
mate ; destroy. -matore, M. : tithe- 
gatherer, -mazione, F. : decimation. 
-minof, M. : TiTHE-book. ||de«i-mo [L. 
-mus (decern, ten)], adj. : tenth ; fool- 
ishf ; M. : tenth part ; ninnyf. -mottavo 
[ottavo], adj. : eighteenth. 

de'Cipnla, F. : snare, trap.' 

de«i-si, PRET. of -dere. -sione, P. : de- 
cision, -sivamente, ADV. : decidedly. 
-sivo, ADJ.: decisive (conclusive). ||de- 
«i-so, PART, of -dere. -soref, M. : de- 

deolama-re \de, c. .], intr. : declaim (re- 


cite; speak affectedly)- -t6re, M. : de. 
claimer. -t&rio, ADJ.: declamatory, -zio- 
ne, P.: declamation. 

dedaratdrio [L. -clarare, declare], ADJ.: 
declaratory (explanatory). 

dedina-bile, ADJ. : declinable, -mln- 
tof, M. : declination. Ildedina-re [L,], 
intr. : decline (sink ; diminish, fail) ; te. ; 
lower ; (gram.) decline, -zione, P. : de- 
clension ; declination, dedinof, M. : de- 
clension; decline. 

de-clive [L. de, from, clivus, slope], ADJ.: 
sloping; M.: slope, -divio, M.: declivity. 
-divita, P.: declivity, -clivof, adj.: 

decoUa-re [L. (de, from, collum, neck)], 
TR. : behead (decollate). -zione, F. : 

decom-p6rre [de, c. .], IRR. ; te. : DE- 
COMPOSE (separate); intr.: decompose (de- 
cay). -p6si, PRET. of -porre. -posto, 
PART, of -porre. -posizi6ne. P.: decom- 

deco-r&re, TR. : decorate, -rativo, 
ADJ. : decorative. -rat6re, M. : decora- 
tor, -razione, P. : decoration. ||deci- 
ro [L. decus, ornament], M. : dignity (de- 
corum); ornament ; ADj.f : decorous, -ro- 
samente, ADV. : decorously, -roso, 
ADJ. : decorous ; proper. 

de-correnza, F. : passing away. ||=c6r- 
rere, IRR. ; INTR. : pass away (elapse). 
-corsi, PRET. of -correre. -corso, PAST.; 
passed (elapsed); M.f: course; end. 

de-cotta-eeio, disp. of -cotto. -cottino, 
dim. of -cotto. || -cotto [L. -coctus (eo- 
quere, 'cook')], M. : decoction; ADJ.f: 
boiled, -oottoref, M. : bankrupt, -co- 
zione, P. : boiling ; decoction. 

de-crebbi, PRET. of -crescere. ||-cre- 
mento [-crescere], M. : decrement (de- 

decrepi-taf, -tezza, P. : decrepitade. 
Ildecrepi-to [L. -tus], adj.: decrepit 
(broken with age). 

de=crescere, IRR. ; INTR. : DECREASE (di- 
minish), -crescimento, M. : decrease. 
-crescinto, PART, of -crescere. 

decre-tale, ADJ. : decretal ; P. : decretal 
(papal letter); PL. M. or P.: decretal (body 
of canonical laws), -talista, M. : decre- 
tist. -tare, TR. : decree, ordain. ||de- 
cre-to [L. -turn], M. : decree (order). 

deoubito [L. -tus (cumbere, lie)], M. : ly- 
ing down (decumbence ; decubitus). 

decu-mana [L. decern, TEN], ADJ.: (Sim) 
of the tenth legion : i decumani, soldiers 
of the tenth legion, deou-plo, ADJ.: 
tenfold; m. : decuple. deo&-ria, F.: 
band of ten soldiers, -rionale, ADJ.: of 
a decurion. -rionato, M. : decurionate, 
-rione, M. : decurion. 


deda-leo, poet, -leo [Gr. daidalos], adj.: 
deedalian (ingenious). 

dedl-ca, F. : dedication (address), -oa- 
montof == -caziojie. ||-oape pj.], tb. : 
dedicate (consecrate); repl.: devote one's 
self, -catoria, F. : dedicatory letter ; 
ADJ. : dedicatory, -oazione, f. : dedica- 
tion (consecration). 

dediffnazionet, F. : indignation. 

dedi-to [-tus (dare, give)], adj.: addicted 
(devoted), -zione, F. : surrender (dedi- 

de-d6tto, FABT. : deduced, inferred. || -dnr- 
re [L. (ducere, lead)], irk. (cf. addurre); 
TK. : deduce (conclude); deduct, -dntti- 
vamente, ADV. : deductively, -dutti- 
vo, ADJ.: deductive, -dnzione, f.: de- 
duction; proposition. 

defal-oare [?], TR. : tal^e away, defal- 
co, M. : defalcation (taking away). 

defatigaret, TR. : fatigue. 

defatto [dijfatti], ADV. : in fact. 

defensoret, M. : defender. 

defe-renza, F. : deference. ||-rire [L. 
de, down, /erre, 'bear'], TR.: defer (delay); 
defer (yield). 

defessot, ADJ. : weary. 

defet. . = difet. . 

de-fezione [L. -fectio (de, from, facers, 
make)], f. : defection ; desertion, -fi- 
ciente, ADJ.: deficient. -fi«ienza, F.: 
deficiency. de-fi«it [L., 'it is wanting'], 
M. : deficit. 

defi-nibile, ADJ.: definable. H-nire [L. 
(^nia, end)], TR.: define; determine, -ni- 
tivamente, adv. : definitively, -niti- 
To, ADJ. : definitive (conclusive), -nito- 
re, M.: definer. -nizione, f.: definition. 

deflora-re [1. L. (L. flos, flower)], TR. : 
deflower, -zione, F. : defloration. 

deilassot, M. : defluxion. 

defor-mare,TR.: deform (disfigure), -ma- 
zione, F. : deformation. ||def6r-me 
pj. -mis], ADJ. : deformed, -memente, 
ADV. : deformedly. -mita, f. : deform- 

de&au-dare [L.], TB. : defraud, -dato- 
re, M. : defrauder. 

def^nto pj. -functus (fungi, perform)], 
ADJ.: defunct (dead); m. : deceased. 

degene-rare, intr. : degenerate, -ra- 
zione, F. : degeneration ; debasement. 
Ildegene-re [L. -r (genus, race)], ADJ. : 

de^li, for di, gli, of the. 

degiatizi6ne [L. -titid], F. : deglutition. 

de-^namente, ADV. : worthily, -^aan- 
to, ADJ. : courteous. -gnaro, TR. : 
deign ; intr. : condescend ; repl. : be 
pleased to. -^rnazione, F. : condescen- 
sion, courtesy, -gnevolef, ADJ.: polite. 
-frnevolm^ntet, ADV. : politely, -g-ai- 



fioaref, TR.: make worthy, -jrnissimo, 

SUPERL. ADJ.: most worthy, -grnitat, P.: 
dignity. ||de-£rno [L. dignus (decere, be 
fitting)], ADJ.: worthy; excellent. 

degra-dante, PART., adj. : degrading. 
Il-dare pj.], TE. : degrade, disgrace; 
REFL. : degrade one's self, -dazidne, 
F. : degradation. 

det [I. L. dee, God !], interj. : alas ! ah ! 

dei I [L. pi.], M. PL. : gods. 

dei2, for di i, of the. 

dei [fr. Turk.], M. : dey. 

dei-«idiot, ^- '■ deicide. -fioam^ntot, 
M. : deification, -flcare, tr.: deify, -fl- 
cazioue, P.: deification, dei-ficof, 
ADJ. : .divine. Ildei-smo [L. deus, god], 
M. : deism, dei-sta, M. : deist, -ta, 
F. : deity (divinity). 

del, for di il, of the. 

dela-tore {L. -tor (de, from, ferre, 
' bear ')], M. : accuser (delator), -zione, 
p. : accusation (delation). 

deleMle [L. delere, destroy], adj. : dele- 
ble (erasable). 

dele-gare [L. (legare, depute)], TR.: dele- 
gate, commit, -gato, part., adj. : dele- 
gated; M.: delegate, representative, -ga- 
zione, F. : delegation. 

deleterio [L. delere, destroy], adj.: dele- 
terious (hurtful). 

de-lettaref ^ dilettare. -ISttof, M. . 

delfino pli. delphinus], M.: dolphin ; Dau- 
phin (title of crown prince of France). 

delibare [L.], TR. : (poet.) taste (try, 
Eng.f delibate). 

deliliera-re pj. (librare, weigh)], intr. : 
deliberate (take counsel); tb. : ponder 
(weigh), -tamente, adv. : deliberately. 
-tiva, P. : deliberative faculty, -tivo, 
ADJ.: deliberative; M.: deliberative, -zio- 
ne, F. : deliberation. 

delica-mentof = -tezza. -tamente, 
ADV. : delicately ; daintily, -tezza, F. : 
delicacy; softness; refinement; PL.: best 
comforts, -tino, ear. dim. of -to. ||de- 
lica-to \L. -tus (delicioB, delight)], ADJ. : 
delicate, tender ; refined, sensitive. -tu«- 
«io, ADJ. : somewhat delicate, -tnra, 
F. : delicacy, nicety. 

delimaref, TR. : consume ; corrode. 

delinea-mento, M. . delineation. ||de- 
linea - re [L.], TR. : delineate ; trace. 
-tore, M., -tri-ee, P. : delineator. 

de-Iinqnente, part., adj. : delinquent ; 
M. : culprit. H-linqnere [L.], INTR. : be 
delinquent (offend), -liqnio, M.: swoon. 

de-liramentof, M. : delirium. ||-lir&- 
re pj.], intr. : be delirious (rave), -li- 
rio, M.: delirium (frenzy), -lirof, ADJ.: 
delirious; doting. 

delit-to [L. delietum (linquere, fail)], m.; 



crime (transgression ; delict), -tnoso, 
ADJ. : criminal. 

delivraref, TR. : deliberate ; deliver. 

deli-zia [L. -cice], F. : delight, -zia- 
mentof, M. : delight, -ziare, TR. : de- 
light ; REFL. : delight in. -ziosam^mte, 
ADV. : delioiously (delightfully), -zioso, 
ADJ. : delicious (delightful). 

della, delle, for di la, di le, of the. 

del-ta [Gr.], M.; delta (Gr. letter A; A- 
shaped tract of land between rivers). 
-tdide, M. : deltoid muscle. 

deldbro [L. -\ubrum (-luere, wash = expi- 
ate)], M. : (poet.) temple. 

delu-dere [L. (ludere, mock)]; IRR. (cf. 
alludere) ; tr. : delude (frustrate, disap- 
point), -dimentof, M. : delusion, de- 
lu-si, PRET. of -dere. -ditoret, M. : de- 
luder. -sioue, F. : delusion, delu-so, 
part, of -dere. -sore, M. : deceiver. 
-sorio, ADJ. : delusory. 

dema-gogia, F. : demagogy, -gogico, 
ADJ. : demagogic(al). Il-gogo [Gf. de- 
mos, people, dgein, lead], M. : demagogue. 

demandare [L. (mandare, intrust)], TR. : 
delegate, intrust. 

de-maniale, ADJ.: of a domain. H-ma- 
nio [OFr. demaine], M. : public domain, 
state lands ; superintendent of lands. 

de-mentaref, TR. : dementate, make in- 
sane. Il-mente \L.-mens (mens, mind)], 
ADJ. : demented, insane ; m. : demented 
man. -meuzaf, F. : dementia, imbecil- 
ity (esp. from age). 

demergeref, TR. : submerge ; intr. : sink. 

demeri-tare [L. merere, deserve], intr. : 
be unworthy of ; TR. : forfeit, no longer 
deserve, -tevole, ADJ. : undeserving. 
demeri-to, M. : demerit ; misconduct. 
-torio, ADJ. : undeserving. 

demersof, PART, of demergere. 

demertof = demerito. 

demo-craticamente, ADV. : democrat- 
ically, -cratico, ADJ.: democratic. ||-cra- 
zia [Gr. -kratia (-s, people, kratetn, rule)], 
F. : democracy. 

demoli - re [L. -ri], TR. : demolish (de- 
stroy), -tore, M.: demolisher. -zione, 
F. : demolition. 

demo-ne [Gr. daimon, divinity], M. : de- 
mon (divinity; evil spirit), -niae-eio, 
M. ; wicked spirit, -niaco, ADJ. : demoni- 
ac(al) ; wicked, -nietto, M., car. of -nio: 
cunning imp. demo-nio, M. : demon 
(evil spirit, devil). 

demoraliz - zare [de-, m. .], TR. . de- 
moralize, -zazione, F. : demoralization. 

derndtico [Gr. demos, people], ADJ. : de- 

de-naiof = danaro. ||-nario [L. -no- 
rms (deni, ten)], m. : denarius (Roman 
ooin). -uaro. . = danaro. . 


denegare [L.], TE. : DENY. 

denigra-re [L. {de, from, niger, black)], 
TR. : blacken (denigrate, defame), -zio- 
ne, F. : defamation (slander). 

denomina - re [L.], TR. : denominate 
(name), -tivot, ADJ. : denominative, -to- 
re, M. : denominator. -zi6ne, f. : de- 

denota-re [L.], TR. : denote (indicate). 
-zionef, F. : denotation. 

den-saref = eondensare. -sita, F.: den- 
sity. Ilden-so [L. -sus], ADJ. : dense. 

den-tale, ADJ. : dental ; m. : ploughshare. 
-tamef, M. : quantity of teeth ; teeth. 
-tfiref, INTR. : cut teeth ; indent, -tata, 
p. : bite, -tato, part. : indented (notched). 
-tatnra, F. : set of teeth. ||den-te 
[L. dens'], u. : tooth ; notch : non tocea- 
re MTi — , not to suffice ; la lingua batte 
dove il — duole, the tongue speaks what 
is in the heart, -tecc/iiaref , TR. : nib- 
ble, -tellato, ADJ. : notched, -tella- 
tnra, F. : indentation, -tellieref, M. : 
toothpick, -telle, M. : notch ; {areh.) 
dentil. den-ti«e, M. : dentex (fish), -tie- 
ra, F. : set of false teeth, -tino, M. : 
little tooth : metier un — , grow in dig- 
nity, -tista, M. : dentist, -tizione, F. : 
dentition, -tone, aug. of -te. 

dentro [L. de, intro, within], prep. : with- 
in, inside of ; adv. : within, inwardly : es- 
ser — a una cosa, occupy one's self about 
a thing. 

dentd«'eio, disp. of -te. 

dennda-re [L.], TR. : denude ; make man- 
ifestf (expose), -zione, F. : denudation. 

denun-«iare = -ziare. dennn-zia, 
F. : denunciation ; report ; PL. : bans. 
II -ziare \h. -tiare (nuntius, messenger)], 
TR. : denounce ; impeach, -ziatore, M;, 
-ziatri«e, F. : denouncer. 

depanperare [L. (pauper, poor)], TE. : 
pauperize, make poor. 

dependentet = dipendente. 

depennare (penna], TE. : cancel, erase. 

de=perire, intr. : lose one's health ; grow 
worse, deteriorate. 

depilatorio \h. pilus, hair], M. : depila- 
tory (hair-removing). 

deplo-rabile, adj. : deplorable. ||-ra- 
re \L. plorare, lament], TR. : deplore; 
INTK. : lament, -ratore, M. : deplorer. 
-razionef, P. : deploration, lamentation. 
-revole, ADJ. : deplorable. 

deponente [deporre], adj.: disposing; 
(gram.) deponent. 

depopulazionef, p.: devastation (pil- 

de=p6rre, ire. ; TR. : put down, lay aside; 
DEPOSE (remove ; bear witness). 

depor-tare [L.], TR. : deport (exile), -ta- 
zi6ne, p. : deportation (banishment). 


de-posi, PEET. of deporre. -positare, 
TR. : deposit, commit, -positario, M. : 
depositary, -positeria, P. : depository, 
treasury. Il-posito [L. -positum, (ponere, 
put)], M. : deposit; layer, -posizione, 
p. : deposition, testimony, -posto, paet. 
oi deporre; M. : testimony. 

deprava-re [L. (pravus, distorted)], TR.: 
deprave, -tore, M. : depraver, -zioue, 
p. : depravation. 

depreoa-bilef, ADJ. : deprecable, pitiful. 
-tivamente, adv. : deprecatively. ||-ti- 
TO [L. -tivus (precari, pray)], adj. : dep- 
recative, -topio, ADJ.: deprecatory, -zio- 
ne, P. : deprecation ; entreaty. 

depreda - mentof, M. : pillage. ||de- 
preda-re [L. -ri (prceda, prey)], TK. : 
depredate (plunder), -tore, M. : depre- 
dator, -zione, P. : depredation. 

do-premerot = -primere. -premutot, 
PAET., ADJ.: depressed, -pressi, pbet. 
of -priinere. -pressione, P. : depres- 
sion, dejection, -presso, part. : depressed; 
humbled, -primente, part. : depri- 
ment (depressing) ; m. : (med.) : depresso- 
motor. Il-primere [L. (premere, press)], 
IRE. (cf . comprimere) ; TR. : lower ; de- 



depara-mento, M. : depuration. ||de- 
pura-re {L. (purus, pure)], TE.: purify, 
depurate, -tivo, ADJ., M. : depurative. 
-tore, M. : depurator. -torio, adj. : 
depuratory ; M. : reservoir (for depurat- 
ing). -zi6ne, P. : depuration. 

depn-tare [L.], TE. : depute (appoint). 
-tato, PART.; M. : deputy (envoy), -ta- 
zione, P. : deputation. 

dere-litto [L. -lietus (relinguere, leave 
behind)], adj. : derelict (abandoned), -li- 
zionef, P. : dereliction. 

deretano [L. de,ot, retro, back], M.: hind 

deri-dere [de-, r. .], IRE. ; TE. : deride 
(scoff at), -ditoref ^ -sore, -si, pret. 
of -dere. -sibile, adj.: ridiculous, -sio- 
ne, P. : derision, scorn, -sivamente, 
ADV. : derisively, -sivo, ADJ. : derisive. 
depi-so, PAET. : ridiculedf; M.: derision. 
-sore, M. : derider. -sorio, ADJ. : deri- 

deriva-mento, M. : derivation. ||deri- 
va-re [L. {rivus, stream)], inte. : derive 
(have its source); te. : derive, -tivo, 
ADJ. : derivative, -zione, P. : deriva- 
tion (origin ; etymology). 

derivienif, M.PL.: windings ; digressions. 

dero-ga, P.: derogation, annulment, -ga- 
bile, ADJ.: that can be derogated. Il-ga- 
re \de-, r. .], INTE : derogate (repeal); 
disparage (slander) f. -gativo, adj.: 
derogative, -gatdi-io, adj. : derogatory. 
-gazione, P. : deiogation (repeal). 

derra-ta [L. denarius, coin (of. Fr. den- 
r?e)], f.: farm -produce (in the mar- 
ket: provisions, commodities); substance; 
prize t : i buona — , it is very cheap ; far 
gran — di, sell dog-cheap ; fare — di se, 
prostitute one's self, -tac-eic disp. of 

de^mbare, TR. : rob (despoil). 

dervis [fr. Pers.], M. : dervish. 

descen. . f ^ discen. . 

de-sc7ietto, M. : dim. of -seo ; cobbler's 
bench. ||de-sco {L. discus], M. : dining- 
table; butcher's table; bench (deskf); 
discus f. 

descri-ssi, PKET. of -vere. -ttibilef, 
ADJ. : describable. -ttivamente, adv. : 
descriptively, -ttivo, adj. : descriptive. 
-'tto, part, of -vere, described, -ttore, 
M. : describer. Udesori - vere [de-, 
s. .], IRR. ; TR. : describe (depict), -vibi- 
le, ADJ.: describable. -zioneella, disp. 
dim. of -zione. -zion-cina, car. dim. of 
-zione. -zione, P. . description. 

de-sertare t = (^isertere. ||-s6rto [L. 
-sertus {serere, join)], adj. : desert (bar- 
ren) ; solitary ; M. : desert : parlare al 
— , speak without hearers. 

deservirof = servire. 

deserzione f =: diserzione. 

desia. . = deside. . 

desicoare f = disseccare. 

deside-rabile, ADJ. : desirable, -ra- 
bilmente, ADV.: desirably, -rante, 
ADJ. : desirous. ||-rare [L.], TR. : DE- 
SIRE, -rativo, ADJ. : (gram.) desidera- 
tive; desirable f. -rat6pe, M., -ra- 
triee, P. : desirer. desidS-rio, M. : 
desire, wish, -rosamente, adv. : de- 
sirously, -rosissimo, ADJ. : very desirous. 
-rose, ADJ. : desirous. 

desidiaf, P. : idleness. 

designa-re [L. (signum, sign)], TR. : de- 
sign (intend), -zione, P. : intention. 

desina-re [? L. cwn^, supper], inte. : 
dine ; M. : dinner, -rino, M. : little din- 
ner, -rone, M. : elaborate dinner, -to- 
re t, M. : diner. 

desi-nente [L. -raens], adj. : desinent, 
ending, -nenza, P. : ending (desinence). 

de-sio, M. : (lit.) desire ; (pop.) any wel- 
come thing, -siosamente, ADV.: eager- 
ly, -sioso, ADJ.: (poet.) desirous (eager). 
II -sire [desiderio], -sirof, M. : (poet.'^ 

desi-stere [L. (itare, stand)], INTE. : 
(part, -stito) desist, cease. 

desola-mento f, M. : desolation. ||de- 
sola-re [L. (solus, alone)], TR.: desolate, 
ruin, -toref, M. : desolater. -zione, 
p. : desolation. 

despera. . '^ ^ dispera. , 

despettot = dispetto. 

134 despota 

des-pota [Gr. -p6te8, master], M. : despot. 
-poti. . =^ dispoti. . des-poto t = des- 

d^s-sa, -so [esso], PRON. (only with essere, 
parere) : (she) he, (herself) himself ; the 

desta-mentot, M.: waking. Ildesta-re 
[L. de-, ex-, citare (shake)], te. : wake 
(rouse), kindle ; eefl. : awaken. -t6re, 
M. : awakener (rouser). 

desteritaf, F. : dexterity. 

desti-nare [L.], TB. : destine (intend). 
-natario, M.: addressee (person to whom 
a thing is addressed), -nazidne, F. : 
destination (design), desti-no, M. : des- 
tiny (fate). 

desti-tnire [L. -tuere (statuere, set)], 
TR. : dismiss (remove from office) ; aban- 
don f. -tnito, -tntof, PART.: dismissed, 
etc. ; ADJ. : destitute, -tnzione, F. : 
dismissal (removal from office); desti- 
tution (lack). 

desto [destare], adj. : awake, lively. 

de-stra, F. : right hand ; right side : a — , 
to the right, -stpalof, M. : ornament 
(for the right hand), -stramente, adv.: 
dexterously, -streggiare, intr. : use 
reserve ; be skilful.' ' -streggiatore, 
M. : contriver, -strezza, F. : 'dexterity 
(cleverness), -striere, -striero, M. : 
charger (steed, Eng. destrerf: as led by 
the squire on the right hand). ||de-stro 
[L. dexter], adj. : dexterous (nimble) ; 
right; propitious t; M. : opportunity (oc- 
casioni convenience) ; privy. 

destm. .f = distrti. . 

de-sumere [L. (sumere, take)], IRR. (cf. 
assumere) ; TR. : infer, conclude, -sun- 
si, PRBT., -sunto, PART, of -sumere. 

dete-neref [de, t. .], IRR.; TR. . detain, 
impede, -ntore, M. : detainer, -nuto, 
PART, of -mere; M. : prisoner, -nzione, 
F. : detention, imprisonment. 

de-tergente, FART., ADJ. : cleansing; M.: 
detergent. ||=tergere, IRR. ; TR. : de- 
terge (cleanse). 

deterio-ramento, M. : deterioration. 
II -pare [L. deterior, worse], tr. : de- 
teriorate, impair, -razione, F. : dete- 

determina - bile, ADJ. : determinable. 
II -'re 111. {terminus, limit)], TR. : deter- 
mine (fix, limit) ; induce (lead) ; ebpl. : 
determine (decide), -tamente, adv. : 
determinately (resolutely), -tezza, p. : 
determinateness. -tivo, adj.: determi- 
native. -zi6ne, F. : determination. 

de-tersi, pret. of -tergere. -tersivo, 
ADJ., M. : detersive. ||-terso, part, of 

dete-stabile, ADJ. : detestable, -stan- 
dof, ADJ. : execrable. || -stare [L.], TR.: 


detest (abhor), -stazione, F. : detesta- 

dertrarre, IRR. ; TR. : detract (take 
away); disparage; lessen, -trassi, peet. 
of -trarre. -tr&tto, paet. of -trarre. 
-trattore, M. : detractor, -trazidne, 
P. : detraction. 

detrimen-to [L. -turn (terere, rub)], h. : 
detriment (disadvantage), -tosof, adj.: 

detronizzare [trono], TR. : dethrone. 

de-trdderet, IRR. (cf. intrudere); TB. : 
throw down (detrude), -trdsof, PART, 
of -trudere. 

detta I = debito. 

det-ta2 [-to], F.: saying, talk; good luck 
(at cards)t: esser in — con uno, be in an 
agreement with one. 

dettagli-ante, M. : retailer. ||-are 
[de-, tagliare], TB. : detail (particularize). 
-atamente, ADV. : in detail, minutely. 
dett&gli-o, M. : detail (particular) ; re- 
tail : vendita a (or in) — , retail sale. 

det-tame, M. : precept, dictates, -tare 
[L. dictare, intens. of dicere], TR.: dictate; 
suggest ; command, -tato, part. ; M. : 
style of writing ; wordt, saying, -tatore, 
M. : dictator, -tatdra, F. : dictation; 
dictatorship, -tazionef, F. : dictate. 
Ildet-to, part, of dire: said; named; 
M. : word ; saying : — fatto, no sooner 
said than done. 

detur-pamento, M. : disfiguration, de- 
filement. Il-pare [L. (turpis, foul)], te.: 
defile (pollute), -patore, M. : defiler. 
-pazione, F. : defilement. 

dentero = oanonico [Gr. deHteros, sec- 
ond], ADJ. : deuterocanonical. -ndmio 
[Gr. n6mos, law], M. : Deuteronomy. 

devasta-mento, M. : devastation. ||de- 
vasta-re [L.], TE. : devastate (lay waste, 
destroy), -tore, M. : devastator, -zione, 
F. : devastation. 

de=venire, ire. ; INTR. : arrive at, be- 
come, -venni, FEET., -vennto, part. 
of -venire. 

devia-mento = -zione. ||deTi&-Te 
[L. (via, way)], INTE.: deviate (stray, wan- 
der). -zi6ne, F. : deviation (departure). 

de-ToIsi, PRET. oi -volvere. -voldto, 
adj. : devolved, transferred. -volazi6- 
ne , F. : devolution, transference (of 
claims). ||-v61vere [L. (volvere, roll)], 
TR. : devolve ; roll down ; repl. : pass by 

devo-tamente, ADV.: devotedly, de- 
voutly, -tissimo, ADJ. : very devoted. 
Ijdevd-to [L. -tus (-vovere, vow)], ADJ. : 
devoted (zealous, devout) ; m. : devotee. 
-zione, F. : devotion (attachment; piety). 

di [L. de, from], prep. : of, from ; by, with; 
to (before ar infln.); than (in compar.); 

some, any (often with def. art.): — certo, 
for certain; — giorno, by day; quella 
Strega — donna, (that) witch of a woman; 
e pii bravo — lui, he is braver than he; 
m'importa — ■ motto, it matters much to 

di pj. dies], M. : DAY. 

dia- [Gr. did, through, across], prep. : dia-: 
-bete [Gr. bainein, go], M. : (med.) dia- 
betes, -betico, ADJ. : diabetic, -boli- 
camente, ADV. : diabolically, -bolioo, 
ADJ. : diabolic, dia-bolo = -volo. 

dia«-«iaia, P.: ice-cellar, ice-house. 
-«iare, INTR. : become ice, freeze; repl.: 
freeze, -eiato, part. : frozen ; M. : frost. 
-«iatnTa, P. : freezing ; cold weather 
(winter); blemish in ice. |{dia«-«io 
ighiaccio'], M.: ice ; adj.: frozen. -«i(n)6- 
lo, M. : icicle; adj.: fragile: dente — , 
sensitive tooth. 

diace. ., dia«i. . pop. = giace. ., giaci. . 

diaco-nale, ADJ. : diaconal. -nato, M. : 
diaconate, deaconship. -nessa, P. : dea- 
coness, -nia, F. : rank of cardinal dea- 
con. Ildiaco-no [Gr. didkonos, servant], 


dia- : -dema [Gr. (detn, bind)], M. : dia- 
dem ; aureole ; white fillet, -fanitaf, P.: 
diaphaneity, transparency, dia-fano [Gr. 
phatnein, show], adj. : diaphanous (trans- 
parent), -foretioo [Gr. phorein, carry], 
ADJ. : diaphoretic, -framma [Gr. phrds- 
sein, inclose], M.: diaphragm, -framma- 
tioo, ADJ. : diaphragmatic, dia-gnosi 
[Gr. gignoskein, know], p. : diagnosis. 
-gndstico, ADJ. : diagnostic, -gonale 
[Gr. gonia, angle], adj., m. : diagonal. 
-gonalmente, ADV. : diagonally, -let- 
tale, ADJ. : dialectal. - lettica, P. : 
dialectics, -letticamente, ADV. : dia- 
lectically. -lettico, ADJ.: dialectical. 
'-letto [Gr. legein, speak], M. : dialect. 
-logare = -logizzare. -loghotto, M. : 
short dialogue, -logico, ADJ.: dialo- 
gistic. -iQgismo, M.: dialogism. -logi- 
sta, M. : writer of dialogues, -logistico, 
ADJ. : dialogistic. -logizzare, tr. . give 
the form of dialogue! dia-logo [Gr. 
l6gos, speech], M. : dialogue. 

diaman-te [L. adamas, adamant], u. : 
diamond : essere un (di) — , be very hard; 
be of a firm character, -tino, adj. : dia- 
mond, adamantine ; M. : small diamond. 

diame-trale, ADJ. : diametral, diamet- 
rical, -tralm^nte, ADV. : diametrically. 
Ildiame-tro [Gr. did, through, mHron, 
measure], m. : diameter : in (per) — , dia- 

diamine [euphem. for diavoW], interj. : 
the dickens (the deuce). 

diana [L. Diana (dies, day)], p. : reveille: 
baiter la — , beat the reveille. 



di=anzi, adv.: just now, a little while ago. 

diipason [Gr. {pas, all)], M. : diapason 
(compass or concord of tones). 

dia-rio [L. -rium (dies, day)], M. : diary 
(jOURnal). -rista, M. : diarist. 

dia-rrea [Gr.-rroia (AreJn,flow)], -rriaf, 
F. : diarrhoea. 

diascolo [euphem. for diavolo], M. : the 

di-asprino, -aspro [Gr. laspis], M. : 

diastole [Gr. (stUlein, set)], P. : diastole. 

dia- [Gr. the-, put] : -tesi, P. : diathesis. 
-tonioo [Gr. teinein, stretch], adj. : dia- 
tonic, -triba [Gr. trlbein, rub], F. : dia- 
tribe ; dissertation. 

diavo-la, p.: shrew: una buona — , a 
good creature. -14e«io, M.: disp. of -lo; 
buon — , good-natured fellow, -leria, P.: 
deviltry; confused affair; fantastic com- 
position, -lesco, adj. : devilish, -lessa, 
P. : wicked woman, termagant, -leto, 
M. : great tumult, -letto, M. : little 
devil ; good -hearted fellow ; curl-pa- 
pers, -lino, M. : car. dim. of -lo; mis- 
chievous little imp. -lio, M. : great 
crowd, great confusion, hubbub. Ildiavo- 
lo [Gr. did-bolos, slanderer], M.: devil, evil 
spirit; good-natured fellow: avere il — 
addosso, be furious; entrare il — , appear- 
ance of discord ; fare il — e peggio, take 
great pains to prevent or undo a thing; 
sapere dove il — ha (tiene) la coda, be very 
astute ; jiji — scaccia V altro, a fresh mis- 
fortune causes forgetfulness of the old 
ones; — scatenato, lively boy. -lone, 
aug. of -lo. 

dibar-baref, -bicaref, TR. : uproot. 

dibassa. . ^ sbassa. . 

dibastaref, TR. : unsaddle. 

dibat-tere [di-, b. .], TR. : shake, chatter 
(said of teeth); debate; be enraged, agi- 
tated, -timento, M. : public trial; shak- 
ingt; disputef. -tito, m. : debate, -ti- 
tore, M. : debater, -'tot, M. : dispute. 
-tuto, PART, of -tere; ADJ.f: afflicted 
(cast down). 

dibona-riamentef, ADV.: courteously 
(Eng.f debonairly), -rieta, P. : cour- 
tesy (debonairness). 

dibo-scamento, M. : thinning of forests. 
Il-scare [bosco], TR. : deforest; cut out 

dibottaref := dibattere. 

dibrancaref, TR. : lop off, separate. 

dibracaref, TR. : prune, lop. 

diba« - -eiameutof, M. : barking (of 
trees), -eiaref, TR. : remove the bark 
from, peel. 

dica-«e [L. -x (dicere, talk)], ADJ. : chatty 
(Eng.f dicacious) ; pert, -eita, F. : di- 
cacity, pertnesa. 



dioaderef = decadere. 

dicalvaref, TR. : render bald. 

dioapitaref = deeapitare. 

dioastero [Gr. dike, justice], M. : dicast. 

dioaref = dedicare. 

dicatti [L. de eapto, taken = gain], M. : 
as in aver — , come off fortunately, be 
lucky enough. 

diooot, M. : dike, defense. 

di«em.1ire, pop. for decembre. 

di€6-rot [L.] = dire. -ria, P. : tire- 
some talk ; harangue. 

dieervellare [di cervello], TR. : tire the 
brain of (tire to death, bore); eefl. : 
rack one's brain ; overwork one's brain. 

di«essaret, TR. : stop. 

di«e-vole [L. decere, be proper], adj.: 
DECENT (proper), decorous, -volfiazaf, 
P.: suitableness, -volmento, adv.: dec- 

diohiara-gionef, P., -mentof, M. : ex- 
planation. ||dio7i'iar&-re [L. de-clarare], 
TR. : declare ; explain ; eepl. : declare 
one's intention; reveal one's self, -ta- 
mente, adv. : avowedly (openly), -tivo, 
ADJ. : declarative (explanatory), -tore, 
M. . declarer (expounder), -torio, adj. : 
explanatory, -zion-eella, F. : short ex- 
planation, -zione, P. : declaration (ex- 
planation). dicMariref, TR. : clear, 

dioTil-nam^ntot, M. : decline; stoop- 
ing, -naref, inte. : decline ; stoop. 
dio7ti-not, M. : going down (decline). 

di«ia=iindve [died nove], num.; nine- 
teen, -nnovesimo, ADJ. : nineteenth. 
-nnovino, M. : papal coin (in Tuscany). 
=8sette, NUM. : seventeen, -ssettesi- 
mo, ADJ. : seventeenth. 

di«ibile [dire], adj. : utterable. 

di«ifera. .f = decifra. . 

dieunaret, TR. : remove the top, clip. 

di«iocca-re [ciocca], tr. : thin out the 
branches of (lop), -tnra, P. : thinning 

di«i-ottenne, ADJ. . eighteen years old. 
-ottSsixao, ADJ.: eighteenth, -otto 
[dieci, otto], num. : eighteen. 

di«i-t6re [dicere], M. : speaker, -tura, 
p. : speech (manner of expression). 

dicollaref = decollare. 

dioo-ttof, ADJ. : boiled, dioo-zionef, 
p. : decoction. 

diore. ., diori. . = decre. ., decli. . 

dicTollaref, TR. : shake. 

didTudaret, TR. : sweeten ; appease. 

di-dasoalico [Gr. diddskein, teach], adj. : 
didactic (didascalic). -dattica, p. : di- 
dactics, -d^ttico, ADJ. : didactic. 

didia«-«iameiito, M. : melting. ||-eia- 
re [di diacciare], intr. : liquefy (melt); 


didottot, ADJ. : deducted. 

diet, M. : day. 

die for diede, FRET, of dare. 

die-ei, -eef [L. decern], NUM. : ten. -ee= 
mila, NUM. : ten thousand. -«ina, F. : 
group of ten, half a score. 

diedi, pret. of dare. 

didresi [Gr. did, apart, hairein, take], p.: 

diesire [L. dies, day, ira, of wrath], M. : 
Dies Irae (hymn); day of wrath (Judgment 

diesis [Gr. did, through, hienai, let go], 
M. : (mus.) sharp. 

dieta i [1. L. (L. dies, day)], P. : diet (as- 

dieta 2 [Gr. diaita, way of living], P. : diet 
(course of food). 

dietamentef, ADV. : quickly. 

die-tetica [dieta2], p.: dietetics, -te- 
tico, ADJ. : dietetic. 

dietpeggiaref, INTR. : draw back. 

dietro [L. de, from, retro, back], prep. : 
behind, after ; ADV. : afterwards ; behind; 
ADJ., M. : back, rear : , without inter- 
ruption, very close ; farsi correr ^-, cause 
one's self to be entreated, ^guardiaf, 
p. : rearguard. 

difalc. . = defalc. . 

difaltaf = diffalta. 

difen-dere [L. de-fendere (strike)], 
IEE.§; TE.: defend, guard; uphold, -de- 
volef, ADJ.: defensive; defensible, -di- 
liile, ADJ.: defendable. -dimemtof, M.: 
defence, -ditoref, M. : defender, -si- 
bilef = -dibile. -sionef, P. : defence. 
-siva, p. : as in stare svlla — , be on the 
defensive, -sivo, ADJ.: defensive, -sore, 
M. : defender. 

§ Pret. difi-si, 'Se ; -sera. Part, difho. 

di-fesa, p. : defence ; fortification, -fesi, 
PRET. ||.feso, PART, of -fendere. 

difet-tare, INTR. : be defective, be lack- 
ing in. -tivamentef, ADV. : defective- 
ly, -tivo, ADJ. : defective. Ildifet-to 
pj. de-fectus], M. : defect (imperfection). 
-tosamente, adv. : defectively, -toso, 
ADJ.: defective (wanting). -tn««io, disip. 
dim. of -to. 

dif - faloaref, TR. : defalcate (deduct). 
-faloof, M. : deduction. 

dif-faltaf.P.: default. -faltaref.lNTR.: 

difFama-mentot, 1^- '■ defamation. ||dif- 
fama-re [fama], TR. : defame, -tore, 
M. : defamer. -torio, adj. : defamatory. 
-trice, P. : defamer. -zione, P. : defa- 
mation, slander. 

diffe-rente, adj. : different, -rente- 
mente, ADV. : differently, -rdnza, P. : 
difference, dissimilarity, -renziale, ADJ.: 
differential. -renziare, TR. : distin- 

differenzncoi a 

differentiate ; refl. : be different, 
differ. -renzn.c«ia, P. : slight differ- 
ence, -ribile, ADJ. : easily deferred. 
-rimento, M. : deferring (delay). ||-rire 
[L. dif-ferre (bear)], intr. : be different ; 
TR. : defer, -ritore, M. : one that differs ; 
one that defers. 

differ-mamentot.M.: confutation, -ma- 
ref, TR. : confute. 

diffii-cile \L. -eilis (facilis, easy)], adj. : 
difficult ; crabbed. -«iletto, adj. : some- 
what difficult. -«iliiieiite, adv. : with 
difficulty, -oolta, P. : difficulty ; obstacle. 
-ooltare, TR. : make difficult ; intr. : 
raise a difficulty, -coltoso, adj. : diffi- 
cult, -cult. . := -colt. . 

diffi-damentot, M., -danzat, F. : dis- 
trust. Il-dare [L. dif-fidere, trust], intr. : 
distrust (doubt), -dente, ADJ. : diffident 
(distrustful), -denza, P. : diffidence (dis- 

diffini. . ^= dejini. . 

diffon-dere [dis-,f. .], ire.; tr. : diffuse 
(pour out); refl.: abound; enlarge upon. 
-ditore, M. : diffuser. 

diffor-mare = sformare. -matamen- 
-tef, ADV. : def ormedly. diffor-me = 
disforme; deformedf. -mita = disfor- 
mitd; deformityf. 

dif-fasameute [-fuso], ADV. : diffusely. 
-fnsi, pret. of -fondere. -fnsione, P. : 
diffusion, -fasivo, adj. : diffusive, ample. 
Il-fnso, PART.' of -fondere; ADJ. : diffuse 

difieiot = edifizio. 

difi-lare [di fllo], INTR.: defile, go 
straight, -lato, PART., ADJ. : straight ; 
ADV. : directly (straight ahead). 

difini. -t, diform. .f = defini. ., deform. . 

difte-rico, ADJ. : diphtheritic. ||-pite 
[Gr. diphthera, membrane], F. : diph- 

diga [Dutch dyk], P. : dike, bank. 

digamma [Gr. dis, twice, gdmma], P. : 
digamma (old Greek letter). 

digeneraref = degenerare. 

dige-ribile, ADJ. : digestible, -ribili- 
ta, p. : digestibility, -riroentot, M. : 
digestion. ||-piro [L. di-gerere (carry)], 
TR. : digest; endure; comprehend -ri- 
tore, M. : digester, -stibilof = -ribi- 
le. -stione, P. : digestion ; comprehen- 
sion, -stiref = -rire. -stivo, ADJ. : 
digestive, dige-sto, M. : digest (of Hw); 
PART.f: digested. , 

digA,ia«'ei. . = didiacci. . 

digiogaref, TR. : unyoke. 

digi-tale, P. : digitalis (plant) ; adj. : 
digital. ||digi-tot [L. -t'u.s], u. : finger ; 

digfn^uere =: digiungere. 

digia-nare [-no], INTR, : fast (abstain 



from food), -natore, M. : faster, di- 
giu-net, P. PL. : fasting ; ember weeks. 

diginngeref, TR. : disjoin. 

digiuuo pj. jejunus, dry, fasting], M.: fast 
(abstinence from food) ; adj. : fasting ; 

digiuntof, PART, of -giungere. 

di^ni-ta [L. -tas (dignus, worthy)], p. : 
rank ; honour ; dignity, -tario, M. : dig- 
nitary, -tosamente, ADV.: worthily 
(with dignity), -toso, adj. : dignified. 

digoc-eiolaref, TR. : pour drop by drop. 

digozzaref, TR. : cut the throat. 

digrada niento, M. : gradation (of tints). 
Ildigrada-re [L. gradus, degree], intr.: 
descend gradually; go to the bad t; TR. : 
blend colours; lessen objects, -tamen- 
tot, ADV.: gradually (by degrees), -zio- 
ne, P.: gradation (of colours, objects, 
etc.) ; degradation. 

digranaref, TR. : husk. 

digrassare [gfasso], TR. : remove fat 
from : — it brodo, skim the broth. 

digre-dire [L. de-gredi {gradus, step)], 
INTR. : digress (turn aside), -dito, PART.: 
digressed. -ssiaii«ella, -ssioneuia, 
P. : slight digression, -ssione, F. : di- 
gression, -ssivo, ADJ. : digressive, di- 
gre-ssof, PART. : digressed ; digression. 

digri^^nare [Prov. jWjiar], TR. : gnash, 
snarl : — i denti, gnash the teeth. 

digros-samento, M. : rough-cast; rub- 
bing off. Il-sare \gToss6\, TR. : rough- 
hew, give shape to (a statue) ; polish (in- 

digruma-re \ruminare\, TR. : ruminate 
(chew over again) ; intr. : ruminate (chew 
the cud) ; eat much ; considerf. -toro, 
M. . ruminator. 

diguastaref, TR. . WASTE, spoil ; dissi- 

dignazzare [guazzo], TR. : shake, mix 
(a liquid). 

dignsciaret, TR. : husk, shell. 

dilaccaret, REFL. : cut, lacerate. 

dila««iaret, TR. : unlace, unfasten. 

dila«era. . = lacera. . 

dilaga-re [lago'], intr., refl.: form a 
lake, -tamentet, ADV.: like an over- 
flow ; furiously 

dilaniare [L. (lanius, butcher)], TR. : 
tear (lacerate, dilaniate). 

dilapida-re [lapidare], TR. : dilapidate ; 
squander. -zi6iie,F.: dilapidation; waste. 

dilargaref, TR. : enlarge. 

dilataf, P. : delay, -m^nto, M. : dila- 
tion. ||dilata-re [L. (Zate«, wide)],TR.: 
dilate (widen, expand) ; refl. : dilate (ex- 
pand), -tore, M. : dilator. -torio, 
ADJ. : dilatory (delaying). -zioii«ella, 
dim. of -zione. -zione, F. : dilation (ex- 



dila-vamentOjM.: washing away. ||-va- 
re llavare], tb. : wash away, wear away 
(esp. earth by rain). -v4to, paet. : 
washed out ; faded (pale, wan). 

dila-ziou«ella, F. : slight delay. |{-zi6- 
ne IdUatare], P.: delay; respite. 

dilegaref, TR. : unfasten. 

dileg-giaiile, ADJ.: ridiculous, -gia- 
mentb, M. : ridicule, derision. Il-gla- 
re pj. dis-, lex, law], TR. : ridicule '(de- 
ride, quizz). -giatezzat, F. : impudence. 
-giatore, M. :' derider. -ginof, M. : ban- 
terer ; gallant, beau. dil4g-gio, m. : 
derision; banter. 

dileginef, adj. : thin ; weak. 

dile-guare [L. diliquare], TR. : make 
disappear, disperse; refl. : disappear 
(vanish); (fig.) go far away, -'guo, m.: 
disappearance : andare in — , disappear. 

dilemma, pi. -mi [Gr.], M. : dilemma. 

di-leticaref, TR. : tickle, -letioof, 
M. : tickling. 

dilet-tabile, ADJ. : delectable (pleasing). 
-tabilita, F. : delectableness. -tamen- 
to, M. : delectation (delight), -tante, 
M., P.: amateur, dilettante, -tanzaf, 
F. : delight, -tare, TR.: delight; refl.: 
delight in, find pleasure in. -tatof, m. : 
delight, -tatore, M. : rejoicer. -ta- 
ei6net, F. : delectation (pleasure), -te- 
Tole ^ -tabile. -tevolmente, adv. : 
delectably (pleasingly), -tivof, adj.: 
affectionate. Ildilet-to [L. dilectus (di- 
ligere, love)], adj.: beloved; m. : lover; 
DELIGHT, pleasure : a bel — , for pleasure ; 
andare a — , walk about for pleasure. 
-tosam^nte, ADV. : delightfully. -t6aa, 
ADJ. : delightful. 

dile-zione [-ttd], F. : kindness ; spiritual 

diliberaf. . = delibera. . 

dilibraref, INTR., REFL. : tumble, fall. 

dilicaf. . = delica. . 

dili-gente [L. -gens (diligere, love)], 
ADJ. :° diligent (attentive), -gentemen- 
te, ADV. : diligently, -genza, P. : dili- 
gence (attention) ; diligence (stage-coach). 

diligionef, F. : jest ; ridicule. 

diliquid^ref, INTR. : become liquid. 

diliscaref, TR. : bone (a fish). 

dilitic. . = diletic. . 

diliver. .f = deliber. . 

dilizi. .f := delizi. . 

dilog^are [alloggio], TR. : dislodge; 
intr'. : move (change one's lodging). 

dilom-bare [lombo], refl. : strain one's 
back, -bato, PART. : weak-backed, fee- 
ble, -batdra, F. : lumbar strain. 

dilontanare [lontano], TR. : send away ; 
REFL. : go away (withdraw). 

diln«i-daiiieiitet, adv.: lucidly, plainly. 
W-d&re [lucido], tr. : elucidate (explain). 


-dazione, F. : elucidation, dil^ci-dot, 

ADJ. : lucid (clear). 

di-laente, ADJ., M. : diluent. H-lnire 
[L. di-luere (wash)], TR. . dilute, weaken. 

dilan - gamentot, M. : delay ; remote- 
ness. Il-garef [lungd], TR. : stretch; 
remove; retard; refl.: withdraw; wan- 
der away. 

dilnsionef ^ delusione. 

dilu-Tianot, ADJ. : diluvian. -vi4re, 
impers.: rain hard, be a deluge; te.,inte.: 
devour, eat greedily. -viatore, M. : 
glutton. Ildilu-vio [h. -vium (root Ivr, 
wash), M. : deluge (flood); abundance; 
gluttony, -vione, M. : glutton, -vio- 
sof, ADJ. : diluvial. 

dimacch-iare [macchia], TR. : clear of 
spotsf ; clear of trees. 

dima-g/i-erare, ||-grare [magro], wtr.: 
become lean ; tr. : make lean, -grazio- 
nef, F. : becoming lean. 

dimand. . = domand. . 

dimanef, dimani ^ domani. 

dimembraret, TR. : dismember ; tear 

dime-namentot = -nio. ||-nare [me- 
nare], TE. : agitate (shake); jolt, -na- 
zionef. P., dime-nio, M.: shaking (jolt- 

dimensione [L. -sio], F. : dimension. 

dimentaref, TR. : dementate (deprive of 

dimenti-caggine, F., -camentof, M. : 
absent-mindedness (forgetfulness). -can- 
za, F. : forgetting, forgetfulness. ||-oa- 
re [mente], TR.: forget ; disregard ; eepl.: 
forget one's self, -catoio, M. : forget- 
fulness (oblivion): lasciare (meitere) nel 
— , forget, -cfcevolot, ADJ. : very for- 
getful, dimenti-co, ADJ. : neglectful. 
-cone, ADJ. : very forgetful or absent- 
minded ; M. : forgetful man. 

dimentiret, TE. : give the lie to (contra- 

dimeritaref = demeritare. 

di-messamente, ADV. : humbly, -m^s- 
si, PRET. of -mettere. -messionef, P. : 
humiliation. H-messo, part, of -mette- 
re; ADJ.: humble, dispirited. 

dimestio. . ^ domestic. . 

dimetro [Gr. di(s), twice, metron, meas- 
ure], ADJ. : dimeter. 

di^mettere, lER. ; TR. : DISMISS (dis- 
charge); forget; pardon; abandonf; ceasefl 
REFL. : resign (give up). 

dimez-zamento, M. : halving, division. 
Il-ssare [mezzo], TR. : divide in the middle 

diminof, M. : dominion ; will. 

dimi-nuendof, M. : (mus.) diminuendo. 
-nuimentot, M. : diminution. H-nni- 
re [L. -nuere], tr. : diminiah, reduce; 


INTS. : lessen, decrease, -nntlvamen- 

tef, ADV.: diminutively, -nntivo, adj., 

M. : diminutive, -nnzione, f. : dimi- 
dimi-si, fret, of dimettere. -ssione, 

F.: dismission, resignation, -ssoria, adj.: 

dimissory ; P. : dimiasory letter. 

dimoiare [molle], intb. : liquefy ; thaw. 

dimol-to [molto], ADV.: very much, a 
great deal, -tone, adv.: (Jam. jest.) ex- 

dimdniot = demonio. 

dimo-ra, F. : stay, habitation, abode ; de- 
lay, -ragionet, F. : stay, abode, -ra- 
mentot,' M. : residence, -ranzaf = 
■ra. Il-pare [L. demorari (mora, de- 
lay)], INTR. : reside, stay, -razionef, 
dimo-rot = -ra, 

dlmorsaret, TR.: let go from one's teeth. 

dimo-strabile, adj.: demonstrable. 
-stramento, M. : demonstration, -stran- 
Ea'f ^ -strazione. ||-strare [L. de-morir- 
sirore (show)], TR. : demonstrate (prove); 
REFL. : show one's self, -strativa, F. : 
demonstrative faculty, -strativamen- 
to, ADV.: demonstratively, -strativo, 
ADJ.: demonstrative, -stratope, M.: dem- 
onstrator. -8trazion«ella, -strazion- 
«iiia, F. : short demonstration, -stra- 
zione, F. : demonstration; sign; mani- 
festation, dimo-strot = -strata. 

di-mugneret, -mnngeret, TR. : milk 
dry; empty, -mnnibt, PART., ADJ.: 

di-namica [Gr. dUnamis, power], F. : 
dynamics, -namico, ADJ.: dynamic, -na- 
mite, F.: dynamite, -namometro [Gr. 
mHron, measure], m. : dynamometer. 

dinanzi [di in ami], prep., ADV. : before 
(in presence of, in front of); precedingt ; 
ADJ. : front ; m. : front. 

di-nastia [Gr. dundstes, ruler], P. : dy- 
nasty, -uastico, ADJ. : dynastic. 

dinderlot, M.: tasselied ornament, fringe. 

dindo [echoic], m. : farthing (coin). 

dindon [echoic], ding-dong (of bells). 

dinega-ret, TE. : deny, -zionef. P.: 

dinervaret, TE. : unnerve ; enervate. 

dinfiffuiinentati M. : fiction. 

diniego [dinegare], M. : denial. 

dinigraret, TS. : blacken. 

dinoo-care t {noeca], TR. : put out of 
joint; break the neck of; intr., refl.: 
put out of joint, -colato, adj. : unjointed 
(broken); languid (listless). 

dinodaref, INTR., REFL. : become sepa- 
rated (joint from joint). 

dinom. .t, dinon. .f, dinpt. .t ^= d^ 
nam. ., etc. 

din-tomamentot, M.: drawing contours, 
environs. -nArof, tr. : outline, lid' in- 



tor-no I, PREP. : around. -t6r-ni2, M. 
PL. : environs ; oontourf, outline. 

dinudaref, TR. : denude ; uncover. 

dinumera-ref, TR. : enumerate. -zi6- 
not, F. : enumeration. 

dinunzia. .f = denuncia. . 

Dio, pi. dei (of antiquity) or dii [L. 
deus], M. : God ; ADJ.f : divine : lavorare 
per I'amor di — , work without compen- 
sation ; faccia — , — voglia, God grant ; 
— me ne guardi, God forbid. 

di-o«esano, ADJ. : diocesan ; M. : dioce- 
san. ||-d«esi [Gr. dioikesis (did, through, 
otkos, house)], f. : diocese. 

diot-tra [Gtr. dioptra (did, through, root 
op-, see)]. P., M. : dioptra. didt-trioa, 
P. : dioptrics, diot-trioo, ADJ. : diop- 

dipana-re \h. pawns, ball of thread], 
TR. : wind, reel ; (jig.) clear up a con- 
fused matter; eat heartily, -tnra. P.: 
reeling, winding. 

dipareref, INTR. : appear. 

dipar-tenza, F. : as in far le -tenze, bid 
farewell; departuref. -timento, m. : 
department; division; departure!. Il-ti- 
re [partirej, TR.f: part (divide); INTR., 
EEPL. : depart (leave), -tita = -tenza. 

dipelaref, TR. : make bald ; scorch. 

dipellaref, TR. : skin (flay). 

di-pendente, ADJ. or M. : dependent. 
-pendentemente, ADV. : dependently. 
-pendenza, P. : dependence ; PL. : de- 
pendent states. ||=pendere, IRR.; INTR.: 
depend, -penduto, -p6so, FART, of 

di-pigneret, |l=pingere, IRR. ; TR. : 
paint; DEPICT (represent); refl.: use 
rouge, -pinsi, fret, of -pingere. -pin- 
to, PART, of -pingere; M. : painting, pic- 
ture, -pintore, M. : painter, -pintn- 
ra, P. : painting. 

diplo-ma [Gr. (dipldos, twofold)], m. : 
document ; diploma, -matica, F. : dip- 
lomatics, -maticamente, ADV. : dip- 
lomatically, -matico, ADJ. : diplomatic ; 
M. : diplomat(ist). -mazia, P. : diplo- 

dipopolaref, TE. : depopulate. 

diporref = deporre. 

di-portamentot, M. : deportment, con- 
duct. ||=portare, REFL. : carry or de- 
port one's self ; divert one's selff. -pop- 
to, M. : amusement, recreation ; solacet- 

dipos. .f, diput. . = depos. ., deput. . 

diradare [radd], TR. : thin (plants, etc.); 
REFL. : become thin. 

diradicaref, TE. : eradicate, rout out. 

dirama-re [ramo], TE.: thin off branches 
(thin out); separate, divide into branches. 
-zionedlla, F. : slight division. -zi6ne, 
p. : branching (ramification). 



diranc4ret, TR : spoil, root up. 
dirazzare [razza], INTB. : lose one's race 

(or family) qualities. 
dire [L. dicere], IRE.§ ; TR. : say, tell ; 
mean, signify ; call ; M. : saying : dir la 
sua, add one's opinion; dir bene d'uno, 
speak well of one ; non mi vuol — , I do 
not succeed ; I have no good fortune ; vo- 
ler — , mean. 

§ Ind. : Pres. tii-co, -ci or di\ -ce ; -ciAtno, 
-te, di-cono. Impf . diciva. Pret. dissi, dicisii, 
disse ; dicentTno, diciste, dissero. Subj. : 
Pres. : dica, etc. Impf. dicissi. Fut. dird. 
Cond. direi. I've dV, dite, Ger. dichndo. 
Part, d^tio. Old form : ditto, — Of compounds 
benedire and maledire have Impf. in -dichia. 
or -diva ; Pret. in -disse, -dissero or -di, -di- 

diredare = diseredare. 

direnaref, TR. : sprain the back. 

direptiouef, F. : rapine ; destruction. 

dirdssi, pret. of dinger e. 

diretauot ADJ. : hind, last. 

diretaref = diseredare. 

diretrof, M. : hinder, back part ; adj., 
ADV. : behind. 

diret-tam^nte, ADV. : directly, -tivo, 
ADJ.: directing. ||diret-to, part, of 
dirigere; ADJ.: direct (straight) ; directed 
(addressed); adv. : directly, -tore, M. : 
director. -t6rio, M. : Directory of 
France, -tri-ee, P.: directress, diro- 
zione, F. : office of director; official 
title or residence ; direction ; address. 

dirieeiare [Hccio], TR. : shell (chest- 

dirideret = deridere. 

dirietof, peep., adv. : behind, after. 

dirigere [L. regere, guide)], IRR.§; TR. : 
direct, manage ; address ; eefl. : go. 

§ Pret. dirh-si, -se ; -sero. Part. dirHto. 

dir-im&ute, adj. : annulling, invalidating 
(a marriage). Il-imerof [L. dis-imere], 
TR. : divide ; break, annul. 

di=riinpetto, prep., adv. : opposite (to), 
over against. 

dirincontrof, adv. : opposite to ; on the 

diripataf, F. : precipice. 

dirisionef = derisione. 

dirit-ta, F. : right hand; direct road. 
- tamente , ADV. : directly, straight. 
-tanzaf, -tezza, F. : straightness ; jus- 
tice, uprightness. ||dirit-to [diretto], 
ADJ.: DIRECT (straight); just (upright); 
M. : right side ; right ; claim ; law ; title ; 
level t ; adv. : straight, directly : u. — , 
rightly, with reason ; ogni — ha il suo ro- 
vescio, all good things have their bad 
sides, -tdra, F. : straightness; judg- 
ment ; impostf, tax. 

diriva. . = deriva. . 

dirivienif, M., INVAR. : windings, mean- 


diriz-zacriuef =: -zatoio. -zameatof, 
M. : directing. ||-zare [diritto], TE.; 
straighten; reform; direct (turn); REFL.f: 
arise, -zatoio, M. : bodkin for the ban*. 
-zatore, M. : manager. -zatri«e, F. : 
directress, -zatura, F. : straightening. 
-zone, M. : thoughtless action; whim; 
stubborn insistence. 

dirof, ADJ. : impious, dire, cruel. 

diroc-cameuto, M. : destruction, demo- 
lition. II -care [rocca], TR. : destroy 
(ruin), -catore, M. : destroyer. 

dipo««iaret, INTR. : fall from a rock. 

diroga. .f = deroga. . 

dizrompere, IRE.; TR. : soften (loosen, 
relax) ; interruptf, breakf; refl. : become 
angry, -rompimento, u.: relaxation; 
interruptionf. -rottaf, p.: hard rub- 
bing, friction. 

di-rottamente, ADV.: excessively, 
jl-rottoi [-rompere], part., adj.: re- 
laxed ; excessive : a — , excessively, heav- 

dirottofz, ADJ. : broken, steep. 

dirovinapet, TR. : ruin. 

diroz-zamento, M. : polishing ; instruc- 
tion. II - zare [rozzo], te. : rough-hew ; 
polish, instruct. 

dirubaref, TR. : rob. 

diruggi-naref = -raire. -iiio,M.: grind- 
ing, gnashing. l\-iiiTe[ruggine],TB..: re- 
move the rust from: — i denti, gnash 
the teeth. 

diru-pamentot, M. : falling down; preci- 
pice. Il-pare [rupe], inte. : fall from 3 
precipice (be precipitated); TE.t: precipi- 
tate, -pato, PART.; M.: precipice, -pi- 
naref = -pare, dirn-po, us'ly pi., -pi, 
M. : precipice ; craggy place. 

dirdppi, pret. of dirompere. 

dirntof, ADJ. : ruined. 

di(s)- [Li., apart], pref. : dis-. 

dis = abbellire, TE., eefl. : lose one's 

disabilitaf, P. : inability. 

disabi-taref, TE. : depopulate, jl-tato 
[abitato], adj. : uninhabited, -tazionef, 
P. : being uninhabited. 

dis=aeeentare, TE. : remove the accent 

disa««esot, ADJ. : extinguished. 

dis=a««etto, ADJ.: unaccepted, unweli 

dis-acoon-eiamente, ADV. : unsuitably, 
improperly. ||=acc6n«io, adj. : unfitted 

dis-accord4ret, REFL.: disagree. ||=ac- 
cordo, M. : disagreement. 

dis=aocnrato, adj. : Inaccurate. 

disa«erbare [acerbo], TR. : appease 
(quiet); refl.: become calm. 

disaoquistdref, TS. : lose. 


dis-adattaggine, F. : unfitness, -adat- 
tamente, adv. : unsuitably. ||=adatto, 
ADJ. : unadapted (unsuitable, awkward). 

dis=adornare, TB. : deprive of orna- 
ments ; adorn unsuitably. = adorno , 
ADJ.: unadorned. 

disaffatioaret, REFL. : rest one's self. 

disaffe-zionare,TR.: disaffect. ||-zi6ne 
[affezione], p.: disaffection, unfriendliness. 

disage-ro-le [agevole], adj. : difiicult, un- 
easy.' -lezza, F. : uneasiness. -Imente, 
adv. : with difficulty. 

disaggra-daref, INTR. : be displeasing. 
-devole, ADJ.: disagreeable. ||-dire 
[aggradire], tr. : displease ; intr. : be 

disaggaafrli. .f = disuguagli. . 

dis-agiare, TR. : deprive of ease (dis- 
turb, 'incommode), -agiato, PART., ADJ.: 
troubled ; needy, -agiatore , M. : dis- 
turber. ll=agio, M. :' discomfort (incon- 
venience); trouble; want, -agtoso, adj.: 
inconvenient, troubled : tenere a — , keep 

disagraref, TR. : desecrate. 

dis-aintaret, TB.: hinder, -aintof, M.: 
hindrance, impediment. 

disalberaref, TR. : dismast. 

disalliergaret, INTR. : leave home. 

disalloggiaref, TR. : dislodge. 

dis-amaiile, adj.: unamiable. -aman- 
tef, PART., ADJ. : unloving. ||=amare, 
TR. : cease to love ; dislike. 

disamliiziosot, ADJ. : unambitious, 

dis - amenita , F. : ' 
||=aineno, ADJ. ; disagreeable. 

disamieiziat, F. : unfriendliness. 

disami-na, F., -namentof, M. : exami- 
nation. -nantet,M.: examiner. H-naref 
[L. examinare], TR. : examine carefully. 
-nazionef, F. : examination. 

disanuuiraziouef, F. : lack of admira- 

disamo-rare, TR. : cause to lose affec- 
tion; EEFL. : lose liking for. -rato, 
PART., ADJ.: indifferent, -ratac-eio, 
ADJ.: hard-hearted, cold. ||disam6-re 
[amore], m. : want of affection (indiffer- 
ence, dislike), -revole, adj. : unkind. 
-revolezza, F. : lack of affection, un- 
kindness. -rosof = -revole. 

dis^animare, TR. : dishearten, discour- 
age ; REFL. : become discouraged. 

disiappararef, TR. : unlearn. 

disappariscentef, ADJ. : ugly. 

disappetenza, F. : lack of appetite. 

disappli-care [applicare], REFL. : not 
apply one's self (be inattentive), -catez- 
za, P. : lack of application (inattention). 
-cato, adj. : indolent, -cazione, P. : 

di8=appreudere, IRR. ; TR. : unlearn. 



-apprensione, P. : fearlessness, -ap- 
presi, PRET. of -apprendere. -appreso, 
PART, of -apprendere. 

diszapprovare, TR. : disapprove, -ap- 
provazione, P. : disapprobation. 

disarboraref = disalberare. 

disarginare [arginej, TR. : break down 
the banks of (said of rivers, etc.). 

dis-armamentot, M. : disarming. ||=ar- 
mare, TR. : disarm ; appease, -armo, 
M. : disarming. 

disar - monia [arnwnia], P. : lack of 
harmony, discord, -monico, adj. : in- 
harmonious, -monizzare, INTR. : be 
out of harmony. 

disarticolare larticolo], TR. : (surg.) am- 
putate at the joints. 

disascosof, ADJ. : disclosed, manifest. 

disaspriref, TR. : mitigate (relieve). 

disassne-fare [dis-, a. .], IBR. ; TR. : dis- 
accustom ; REFL. : become disaccustomed. 
-fatto, PART., -feei, PRET. of -fare. 

dis-astrare, TR. : hurt ; prejudice ; EEFL. . 
damage one's business. ||=astro, m. : 
disaster ; damage, -astroso, adj. : dis- 

disatten-to [attento], ADJ. : inattentive. 
-zione, P. : inattention. 

disanto-rare [L. auctorave], TR. : re- 
move from authority ; REFL. : be deprived 
of authority, -rizzare := -rare. 

dis-avanzare, INTR. : cease to advance ; 
lose ground (suifer loss). ||=avanzo, M. : 
deficit, loss. 

disawan -taggiare [avvantaggiarej, 
TR. : lose an a'dvantage. -taggio, M. : 
disadvantage, -taggiosamentet, ADV. : 
at a disadvantage'. ' -taggioso, adv. : 

disawe - dimentof, M. : inadvertence. 
-dutamente, ADV. : heedlessly, -dn- 
tezza, P. : inconsiderateness, imprudence. 
Il-duto [dis-, a. .], ADJ.: improvident (im- 
prudent) ; inconsiderate (heedless). 

disavve-nente [awenenie], ADJ. : unpre- 
possessing (charmless, graceless), -uen- 
tezzaf, -nenza, F. : want of grace, of 
charm, -nevolef = -nente. -niref, 
INTR. : come inconveniently, -ntura, P. : 
mishap, misfortune, -nturatamente, 
ADV. : unfortunately, -ntnrato, -ntn- 
rosof, ADJ. : unfortunate, unlucky. 

dis=awerteiiza, F. : inadvertency. 

dis-avvezzamentof, M. : disuse. Il=av- 
vezzare, TR. : disaccustom ; REFL. : be- 
come disaccustomed. 

disavTisamentof, M. : negligence. 

disban-deggiaref, -diref, TR. : banish. 

disbarattaret, TR. : dissipate. 

disbarbaref, TR. : root up. 

disbarcaref, TR., INTR. : disembark ; un- 



disbassare ^ ihassare. 

di=sb6rso, M. : disbursement. 

dis^liTaiiiaret, TR. . gratify. 

disbrancaref, TB. : strip of branches 

di^sbrigare, TR. : extricate, clear up ; 
BEPL. : rid or free one's self of. 

di-soa««{aiiiento, M. : dismissal ; expul- 
sion. ||=scae«iare, TR. : send away 
(dismiss), -scaecfativo, adj. : dismis- 
sive, expulsive. -sca««iat6re, M. : ex- 

disca-deref, INTR. : fall away ; waste ; 
fall or return to (said of property), -di- 
mentof, M. : falling away ; decay, -dutof, 
ADJ. : fallen. 

dis-calzaref, TE. : strip of shoes and 
stockings, -oalzof, adj. : barefooted. 

discansof, M. : escape. 

discapezzaref, TR. : lop off ; decapitate. 

di=scapitare, INTR. : undergo loss, -sca- 
pito, M. : loss ; injury. 

discarcaref, TR. : unload. 

discareeraref, TR.: release from prison. 

dis-caricaiiientot = -carico. Il = ca- 
ricare, TE. : unload ; relieve ; repl. : 
ease one's self, -carico, M. : unload- 
ing; exculpation. 

discarnaref, TR. : strip of flesh ; repl. : 
become thin. 

dis^caro, ADJ. : unpleasant (offensive). 

discatenaref, TR. : unchain. 

disca-ralcaref, TR. : unhorse, throw; 
INTR. : dismount. 

discederet, IRE. ; INTR. : go away. 

di-scendente, ADJ.: descending; M. : 
descendant, -scendenza, P. : descent, 
lineage. ||=sceiidere, lER. ; INTR. : de- 
scend (go down ; spring from) ; TR. : de- 
scend, -scendimentot, M., -scensio- 
nef, F. : descent, origin, -scensoref, 
M. . descendant. 

discentef, M. : learner. 

dis-centramento, M. : decentralization. 
Il-centrare [centra], TR. : decentralize. 

di-8cepola, F. : pupil. -scepolatof, 
M. : pupilage. ||-scepolo [L. discipulus 
(discere, learn)], M. : disciple (pupil). 

discer-nente, FART., ADJ. : discerning, 
understanding, -nenzaf, P. : discern- 
ment; sign. Ildiscer-nere [cemere], 
TR. : discern (distinguish ; perceive), -no- 
Tolef, ADJ. : distinctive, -nibile, adj. : 
discernible, -nimento, M. : discernment. 
-nitore, M. : discemer. 

discerperef, TR. : tear to pieces. 

discervellare = dicervellare. 

disce-sa, P. : descent (going down ; de- 
clivity), disce-si, feet., ||disce-so, 
FART, of -ndere. 

discetta-ref, TR. : dispute (contend). 
-zionef, F. : contention. 


di8Ceve-r4nzat, F. : separation, -raref, 
INTR.: dissever. 

disc/iiararef = dichiarare. 

disoTtiattaref, INTR. : degenerate. 

discTtiavaeeiaret, TR. : unlock. 

discTiiavaref, TR. : open (with a key), 

disoMederet, TR. : refuse. 

discTiieraret, TR. : break the ranks of, 
disorder ; refl. : quit the ranks. 

discMestat, F. : indigence. 

disc/iiodare = sehiodare. 

discMomaref, TE. : disorder the hair of. 

di8=c7tiddere, IRE. ; TR. : disclose (open). 

disch.inin.aret, "^^ '• scum, skim. 

dis-chinsi, FRET., -cMnso, FART, of 

di-sci£rneret, H-scingero [dit-, c. .], 
IRE. ; TE. : imgird (untie)I -scinsi, fret. ; 
-scinto, FAET. of -scingere. 

di=8cidgliere, IRR. ; te. : dissolve ; un- 
fasten (loosen) ; eefl. : melt, -aciogh- 
mento, M. : solution, -scto^litore, 
M. : dissolver. -sciolsi, feet, of -scio- 
gliere. -scioltamentet, adv.: freely, 
loosely, -sciolto, part, of -sciogliere: 
dissolved, loose, free, -soiorret = -seio- 

discipli-na \L. (discere, learn)], F. : dis- 
cipline (system of rules; subjection to 
rule ; training, instruction ; science ; chas- 
tisement, penance); scourge (flagellant's 
lash, whipcord), -nabile, adj.: dis- 
ciplinable, -nabilita, P. : disciplinable- 
ness. -nanti, M. FL. : penitents, -na- 
rei, ADJ.: disciplinary. -iiare2, te.: 
discipline ; reel. : do penance, -nata- 
mente, ADV. : according to rule or dis- 
cipline, -natezza, F. : observance of 
discipline, -nevolef, adj.: disciplinable. 

discipnlof = discepolo. 

dis-co [Gr. -kos], M. : discus (quoit); disk. 
-cobolo, M. : discus-thrower. 

discoccaref = seoccare. 

disco-Iamentet, ADV.: dissolutely, -let- 
to, M. : idle youth. ||disco-lo [Gr. dui- 
kolos, hard to cultivate], adj. : disorderly 
(dissolute, wild, vile) ; M. : dissolute per- 
son (libertine). 

discolora-ret, '^- '• discolour, -zionef, 
F. : paleness. 

disc61-pa [colpa], p., -pamentof, M.: 
exculpation, vindication. -pare, TB.; 

discom. ."f ^ scorn. . 

dis-con«iaret, TR. : disarrange, -con- 
«iot, ADJ. : disarranged ; unsuited ; rude. 

dis=confessare, TR. : disavow (disown). 

disconf. .f = sconf. . 

disoo-nobbi, fret, of -noscere. -no- 
scenzaf, P. : mistaken knowledge ; lack 
of recognition, ingratitude. H-moscere 


[dis; e. .], lER. ; tr. : not recognize, -no- 
sciutamentet, adv. : ungratefully; with- 
out being known, -noacidto, part, of 
-noseere; ADj.t: unknown. 

dis-oonsentimemto, M.: dissent. ||=oon- 
sentire, TR. : dissent (disagree). 

disconsi-grliamentot, M. : dissuasion. 
-gliaret, TR. : dissuade. 

disoons. .t> discont. .f = scons. ., scant. . 

disoon-tinnaref, TR. : discontinue, -ti- 
naatamentet, ADV. : interruptedly, -ti- 
nnazidnet, F. : discontinuation. ||-ti- 
nno [continuo], adj. : discontinuous. 

dis-oonvenevole, ADJ. : unsuitable, un- 
becoming, -convenienza, F. : unsuit- 
ability, incongruity. ||=coiivenire, IRR.; 
INTR. : misbecome, be unsuitable, -con- 
venni, FRET, of -connire. -oonvendto, 
PART, of -convenire. 

disoop. .f, discora. .f = scop. ., scora. . 

digcor-damdntot, M., -d&nza, F. : dis- 
cord ; dissension, -dare, INTR. : be dis- 
cordant (disaccord) ; disagree ; (Eng.f dis- 
cord) ; cause discordf ; be distantf. -da- 
toref, M. : disputant. ||disc6r-de [L. 
dis, cor, heart], adj. : discordant (disso- 
nant); disagreeingf. -demente, adv.: 
discordantly, -devolef, adj. : discord- 
ant, disoor-dia, F. : discord (strife). 
-diosot, ADJ. . quarrelsome. 

discOF-rendo, GER. : discoursing : e via 
— , and so on. ||-'rere [dis-, c. .], IRR. ; 
INTR. : DISCOURSE (talk) ; run or ramble 
aboutf : far — i morti, change a testa- 
ment, -revolet, ADJ.: flowing, -rimen- 
tot, M. : discourse; flowing; concourse; 
running about, -ritore, M., -ritri-ee, 
F. : discourser (talker). disc6r-sa, F. : 
tedious talk (nonsense); affected wittiness. 
-saeeio, M. : stupid discourse, -setto, 
-sino, M. : pretty little speech, discor- 
8i, PRET. of -rere. -sivof, adj. : discur- 
sive. disc6r-so, PART, of -rere: dis- 
coursed, etc. ; M. : discourse ; reasoning. 
-sone, M. : long discourse. 

discortesef = scortese. 

discosceso ^ scosceso. 

disoosciaref, TK. : disjoint the thigh ; 
INTR. : be rugged or steep. 

disco-stamento, M. : removal, departure. 
Il-stare [casta], TR. : remove, put away ; 
EEFL. : go away, withdraw, -stato, di- 
scd-stoi, ADJ. : removed ; distant, di- 
Bcd-sto 2, ADV. : far off. 

discovriref := scoprire. 

discrasia [Gr. dus, bad, kr&sis, mixture], 
P. : (med.) dyscrasia. 

ducre-dentef, ADJ. : incredulous, -den- 
zat, P. : incredulity. ||discre - dero 
[dis-, e. .], TR. : discredit (disbelieve) ; 
REPL. : change one's opinion, -ditamen- 
tof, M. : discredit, -ditare, TR. : dis- 



credit (deprive of credibility ; disgrace) ; 
REFL. : disgrace one's self. disore-di- 
to, M. : discredit, loss of favor. 

dis-crepantef, ADJ. . discrepant, -cre- 
panza, F. : discrepancy, difference. 
||=orepare, INTR. : be discrepant (differ, 
be at variance). 

disoresce. .f ^ decresce. . 

disore-tamente, ADV.: discreetly, -tez- 
za = -ziane. -tivamente, ADV. : dis- 
cretively. -tivo, adj. : discretive (dis- 
cerning). ||disor^-to [L. -tus (cernere, 
separate)], adj. : discreet (prudent, just, 
fair) ; moderate (mediocre) ; fair (quite 
considerable), -zione, F. : discretion. 

disoriminalef, M. : bodkin for the hair. 

discrit. .f, disoriz. . =: descrit. ., descriz. . 

discFoUaret, TR. : shake, toss. 

di80u«iret, TR. : unsew, rip out. 

discnlminaret, TS. : remove the top, un- 

discnoiaref, TR. : skin. 

dis-cnssaref := -cutere. -onssi, fret. 
of -cutere. -cussione, F. : discussion, 
debate, -odsso, fart, of -cutere. Il-cu- 
tere [L. quatere, shake], IEB.§; TR. : dis- 

§ Pret. reg. ; or disciis-si, -se / -sera. Part. 

dis-desrnameiito, M. : scorn, anger, -de- 
jrnauzat, F. : disdain. ||=de£rnare, TR.: 
disdain (scorn); intr. : be disdainful, -de- 
£rno, M. : disdain, -de^nosamente, 

ADV. : disdainfully, -degndso, ADJ. : dis- 
dainful, angry. 

dis-ddtta, F. : refusal ; denial ; (/am.) 
bad luck (esp. at play). ||-detto [-dire\, 
PART. : refused ; M.f : refusal, bad luck. 

disdi«e-volet, ADJ. : indecent ; improp- 
er, -volezzat, F. : impropriety, -vol- 
mdntef, ADV. : improperly. 

dis^direi, IRR.; TR. : unsay (retract); 
deny; forbid; withdraw: — il fitto (or 
la casa), give notice to quit. 

disdire2 [L. dis decere, be fitting], INTR.: 
be unbecoming (be unsuitable). 

disdissi, fret, of disdirei. 

disddro [L. de-decorus, shameful], M. : dis- 
honour, shame. 

disebbriaret, INTR.: become sober again. 

disecc. .f ^ disseee. . 

dise - frnamentof := -gno. H-grnare 
[di-, s. .], TR. : design (delineate, draw ; 
describe ; plan, intend), -jrnatoio, M. : 
crayon-case, -grnatore, M., -^natri-ee, 
F. : designer, -frnatnraf, F. : design. 
-gnetto,-ga.iii.o,u.: pretty little sketch. 
dise-£rno, M. : design (sketch ; intention); 
art of drawing: colarire un — , put an 
idea into practice. 

disegnal. . = disugual. . 

disellaref, TR. : unsaddle. 



dis=enfiare, TR. : disinflate ; reduce the 
swelling of. 

diseunatof, ADJ. : out of one's mind, fool- 

disensatof, adj. : dull, insensate. 

disenteriaf = dissenteria. 

dis=equilibrio, M. : disequilibrium. 

dis^eredare, TB. : disinherit, -ereda- 
zione, F. : disinheriting, -erodef, adj. : 
disinherited; M.: disinherited person, -ere- 
ditaref =: -dare. 

diserraref, TR. : open, unlock. 

diser-tamento, M. : desolation. ||-ta- 
re [ak. to deserto], TB. : destroy (ruin) ; 
INTE. : desert, -tatore, M. : destroyer. 
diser-tof, ADJ. : deserted (solitary) ; M.: 
desert, -tore, M. : deserter. 

diser-vigiof, M. : bad turn (unkindness). 
-viref, TR. : disserve, harm. 

disfa-ei-mento [disjare], M. : undoing 
(destruction), -tore, M. : undoer (de- 
stroyer), -tnra, F. : undoing. 

disfamare ^= sfamare. 

dis=fare, IRB. ; TR. : undo (destroy, de- 
feat) ; REPL. : dissolve ; rid one's self (di, 
of): -farsi in lacrime, burst into tears. 
-fatta, F. : defeat (rout of an army). 
-fattibile, ADJ. : that can be undone or 
destroyed, -fatto, part of -fare, -fat- 
toref, M. : destroyer. 

disfavillaref, INTR. : sparkle. 

disfavor. . = sfavor. . 

dis-fazi6net,F..' destruction, ruin. -fe«i, 
PRET. of disfare. 

disferenziare [differente'], te. : distin- 

disfermaret, TR. : weaken, make less 

disferr. .t,disfid. .t,disfig. .t = sferr. ., 
sfid. ., sjig. . 

dis = fingeref, IRR. ; INTR. : dissemble. 
-fingimeutof, M. : dissembling. 

disfiuiret = definire. 

disfiof. ., disfog. .f = sjio. ., sfog. . 

dis - f ormare = sformare. ||- forme 
[forma], adj. : unlike, different, -for- 
mita, F. : diversity, difference. 

disforniref, TR. : unfurnish. 

disfortunato = sfortunato. 

disfrancaref, TR. : disfranchise. 

dlsfreu. .f, disgann. .f = sfren. ., di- 

disgingrn. .f = 

dis=giangere, IRR. ; TR. : disjoin (sep- 
arate); distinguish; unyoke, -ginngi- 
mento, M. : disjunction (separating). 
-giunsi, PRET. of -giungere. -giuuta- 
mente, adv. : disjointedly (sep'arately). 
-ginntivamente, ADV.: disjunctively. 
-giuntivo, ADJ. : {gram.) disjunctive. 
-ginuto, PART, of -giungere. -ginn- 
zi6ne, F. : disjunction, separation.' 


disgo. -t = sgo- • 

disgra-dare \grad6\, TE. : put to shame ; 
degrade (disgracef); descend by steps or 
degreesf. -devole, ADJ. : unpleasant. 
-dimento, M. : disapprobation, contempt. 
-dire, TR. : dislike, disgra-do, M. : 
despite : avere a — , dislike, have an aver- 
sion for ; a — , in spite of. 

disgraticolaref, TR. : deprive of grating 
or bars. 

disgratof, adj. : disagreeable. 

disgrava. . = sgrava. . 

disgravidaref, INTE. : bring forth. 

diszgrazia, P. : misfortune (ill luck, mis- 
chance); disgrace (disfavour): per — , un- 
fortunately, -graziaret ^ disgradare. 
-graziatamente, ADV. : unfortunately. 
-graziato, ADJ.: unfortunate, unhappy 
(wretched), -graziosof, ADJ. : quarrel- 

disgre-galbile, ADJ. : that can be sep- 
arated, -ganzaf = -gazione. ||-gare 
[L. grex, flock], te. : separate (disunite, 
Eng.f disgregate). • -gativo, ADJ. : sep- 
arating, -gazione, P. : separation. 

disgrev. .f, disgri^rn. .f ^ disgrav. ., 
digrign. . 

disgropparef, TR. : undo. 

disgross. .f = sgross. . 

dis-gnajrliauzaf, F., -gaafrHof, M. : 

disgn-stare, TE. : disgust ; offend ; REPL. : 
be disgusted, -stevole, ADJ.: disgust- 
ing, -stevolezza, P.: disgustfulness. 
Ildisgd-sto [gusto], M. : disgust (aver- 
sion, dislike), -stoso, ADJ. : disgusting. 

di-siaf, F.: desire, -siaref, TR.: desire. 

disid. ., disig. . = desid. ., dissig. . 

diszimpa-e-eiare, TR. : disencumber (dis- 

dis=iiii.parare, TR. : unlearn (forget). 

disiiii-pe{7nare [impegno], TE. : disen- 
gage (release); perform (achieve); REPL.: 
get through, get off : -pegnarsi di sua 
parola, keep one's word, -pe^rno, M. : 
disengagement (release). 

disinaref = desinare. 

dis^incantare, TE. : disenchant. 

difinclinazionef, p. : disinclination. 

disinenza = desinenza. 

dis-infettaute, ADJ., M. : disinfectant. 
||=iufettare [infetto], TE.: disinfect. 
-infezione, P. : disinfection. 

dis^inflngeref, lEE. ; TE. : dissemble. 

diszingannare, TE. : disillusion (unde- 
ceive); REPL.: be disillusioned (be unde- 
ceived), -inganno, M. : disillusion. 

dis-imtamoramento, M. : ceasing to 
love. Ihinamorare, EEPL. : cease being 

diszinsef/nare, TE. : unteach ; teach th« 
opposite of. 


dis-interessato, ADJ.: disinterested. 

||=intere8se, M. : disinterestedness. 
disinvitaref, TB. : countermand. 
dis-inToltamente, adv. : easily, grace- 
fully. ||=invdlto, ADJ. : unembarrassed 
(self-possessed, easy ; graceful), -invol- 
tura, P.: self-possession (ease, grace); 
boldness ; levity. 
disio, disirot ^ desire, desio. 
disistancaref, REFL. : rest one's self. 
disisti-ma [dis-, stima], F. : disesteem ; 
disrepute, -mare, TR. : disesteem. 
dislae«fare [laccio], TR. : unlace. 
dislagaref, BBFL. : overflow. 
disle. ., disloc. . = sle. ., slog. . 
dis=lodare, TR. : dispraise. 
disloga. . = sloga. . 
dismagaref, TR. : err ; deviate ; REFL. : 

separate one's self. 
dismaj/liaref, TR. : break the meshes ; 

(Jig.) tear flesh with the nails. 
dismalaret, TR. : cure. 
dismantaref, REFL. : remove one's cloak. 
dismarr. .f, dismem. .f = smarr. ., 

smem. . 

dismemoratof, ADJ. : unmindful. 
dismen-taref, -ticare = dimenticare. 
dismettere ^ smettere. 
dismisn-ra [dis-, m. .], P. : excess : a — , 

excessively, -ranzaf = -ra. -raref, 

INTE. : exceed the measure. 
dismodato = smodato. 
dismonacaref, TR. : uncloister ; REFL. : 

leave a cloister. 
dismontare = smontare. 
dismnoveret, TR. : dissuade ; disturb ; 

REFL. : change one's mind. 
disnatura. . ^ snatura. . 
disnebbiare [nebbia], TR. : free from 

mist or clouds. 

disnervaref, TR. : enervate. 
disnidaret, TR. : take from the nest ; 

REFL. : leave the nest. 
disno-dare [nodo], TR. : unknot, undo. 

-devolef, ADJ. : that can be untied. 
disnoref = disonore. 
dis=nudare, TR. : denude. 
disobbedi. . = disubbidi. . 
dis-obbligante, PART., ADJ.: disoblig- 
ing. =obbIigare, TR.: free from obliga- 
tion (Bng.f disoblige), -obbligo, M. : 

release from obligation. 
dis=oconpare, TR. : disengage (release); 

KEPL. : rest from labor (take one's ease). 

-occnpato, ADJ. : unoccupied (at leisure). 

-occnpazione, F. : leisure. 
disolamentof, M. : desolation. 
dis-onesta, P.: dishonesty, -onesta- 

niente, ADV. : dishonestly, -onestapef, 

TR.: dishonour; refl.: disgrace one's self. 

||=ouesto, ADJ. : dishonest ; indecent. 
disonnaret, REFL. : awake. 



disono-ramento, M., -ranzaf, P. : dis- 
honour, disgrace, -rare, TR. : dishonour 
(disgrace); eefl. : disgrace one's self. 
-ratore, M. : he who dishonours. Ildiso- 
no-re [onore], M. : dishonour (disgrace). 
-revole, ADJ.-: dishonourable, -revol- 
mente, ADV. : dishonourably. 
disoppi-lante, ADJ., M. : deoppilative. 
Il-lare [dis-, 0. .], TR.: clear (Eng.f deop- 
pilate). -lativo = -lante. 
di=s6pra, ADV. : over ; above. =sopra= 
piu, ADV. : over and above, besides. 
disorbi-tante, ADJ.: exorbitant, -tan- 
temente, ADV. : exorbitantly, -tanza, 
p. : exorbitance. ||-tare [orbita], TR. : 
disordi - ]ia««io, M. : great disorder. 
-namento, M., -nanzaf, P. : disorder. 
-nare, TR. : disorder (disturb); INTR. : 
exceed, be immoderate ; REPL.f : be con- 
fused, -natamente, ADV. : in a dis- 
orderly way; lawlessly. -n4to, part., 
ADJ. : disorderly ; irregular ; dissolutef. 
-nazionef, P. : disorder. Hdisordi-ne 
[ordine], M. : disorder (confusion); irregu- 

dis = organizzare, TR. : disorganize ; 
REFL. : be confused. 
disormeggiaret, TR. : uncable. 
disornare't, TR. : disadorn. 
disorpellare [orpello], TR. : strip of tin- 
sel ; bare (unmask). 
disossare [osso], TR. : bone. 
disossidare [ossido], TR. : reduce the 
disottanof, ADJ. : lower (inferior). 
disotterrare = dissotterrare. 
di=s6tto, PREP., ADV. : below, beneath. 
disp. ., often = sp. . 

dispa«-eiameatot, M. : speed. ||-eia~ 
re pj. pedica (pes, foot), fetter], TR. : dis- 
patch (telegraph) ; exPBDite. dispa«~ 
■eio, M. : dispatch (message, official let- 
ter; telegram); courset, expeditionf. 
dispaiare [paio], TR. : unmatch (dis- 
unite, separate). 
dis=pararet, TR.: unmatch ; unlearn, for- 
get, -parato, ADJ.: disparate (dissim- 
ilar)., PRON. (m. PL.): a great 

disparenzaf, P. : disappearance. 
di8=parere i , M. : slight dissension, dis- 

dispa-rerefz, INTR. : disappear, -revo- 
lef, ADJ. : passing, fleeting. 
di = spargere f, IRR. ; TR. : DISPERSE. 
-spargimentot, M. : dispersion. 
dispari [L. dis-par (par, equal)], ADJ. : 
unequal (odd, uneven); differentf. -men- 
tef, ADV. : unequally. 
disparire and deriv. = iparire and deriv. 

146 disparita 

disparita [dispari], F. : disparity (differ- 

disparm^ntef, adv. : unequally. 

dispar-sif, PBET., -sof, PART, of -gere. 

dispar-te, ADV.: apart: in — , in a place 
apart ; tenersi (stare) in . — , not aspire to 
honours, etc. ||-tire [L.], TR. . part, 
separate (disputants); divide: — I'ami- 
stdf, break the friendship, -titamentef, 
ADV. : separately, -titore, M. : divider. 

disparnt. .f = sparut. . 

dispassionamemto f , M. : dispassion, 

dispastoiaref, TR. : unfetter a horse ; 

dispaventaref = spaventare. 

dispen-dere [L. (pendere, weigh)], ire. 
(of. spendere) ; tr. : dispend ; spend, di- 
spSu-dio, M. : expense, costs, -diosa- 
mente, ADV. : expensively. -di6so, 
ADJ. : expensive, -ditoref, M. : spend- 
thrift, dispen-sa, F. : dispensation ; 
distribution ; privilege ; instalment (part, 
number of a book); pantry (larder), -sa- 
bilef, ADJ.: dispensable, -sagidnef, 
¥., -samentof, M. : distribution ; im- 
munity, -sare, TR.: dispense, distribute ; 
exempt; eepl.: dispense with, -satore, 
M., -satri«e, F.: dispenser, -sazionef, 
F. : distribution ; dispensation, -siera, 
F. : housekeeper, -siere, M. : steward, 

disp^mtot, ADJ.: extinguished; destroyed. 

dispe-rabilef, ADJ. : desperate, despaired 
of. -ragi onef, -ranzaf, F. : despera- 
tion. II -rare [spero], TR. : not hope for; 
deprive of hopef ; inte. : despair ; eefl. : 
be desperate, -ratamente, adv. : des- 
perately, -ratezzaf, F. : despair, -ra- 
to, PAET., ADJ. : desperate (beyond hope); 
M. : desperate person ; madman : alia -ra- 
ta, desperately, -razione, F. : despera- 
tion (despair); sorrow. 

disi:perdere, TR.: waste (squander, scat- 
ter), -perdimento, M. : waste (dissi- 
pation), -pei-ditore, M. : squanderer. 

dizspergere, IRR. ; TB. : DISPERSE (scat- 
ter, diffuse); waste, -spergimentof, 
M.: dispersion. -spergit6re,"M.: waster. 

dis=per=s6j ADV. : by one's self, alone, 

dis-persii, PRET. of -pergere. -persione, 
F. : dispersion, -perso, part, of -per- 

disp^sof, PART, of dispendere. 

dispet-t^bilef, ADJ. : despicable, -ta-e- 
■eio, M. : despicable affront, -taref, 
TR. : despise ; eefl. : be vexed, -tevo- 
lef, ADJ. : disdainful, -tivamentef, 
ADV. : disdainfully. ||dispet-to [L. de- 
spicere (look)], M. : despite (malignity ; 
anger); contemptt: a (per) — , in spite 


of; avere in — , despise, -tosaecio, 
disp. of -toso. -tosamente, ADV.: de- 
spitefully. -t6ao, adv.: despiteful; saucy. 
-tosu««io, -tosnzzof, dim. of -toso. 
-tu-eeio, M. : sauciness. 

dispia-eente, ADJ. : displeasing, -een- 
tissimo, ADJ.: most (very) displeasing. 
--eenza, F.: displeasure; grief. ||-eero 
[dis-, p. .], IRR. ; TR. : displease ; vex ; 
EEFL. : be displeased ; feel sorry. -e6vo- 
le, ADJ. : unpleasing. -eevolezza, F. : 
displeasure, -eevolmente, adv. : un- 
pleasingly (disagreeably), -cimemto, M.: 
vexation, grief, -ciuto, part, of -cere. 
dispia-cqui, FRET, of -cere. 

dispianaref, TR. : level ; repl. : stretch 
out (lie down). 

dispiant. .f, dispicc. . = spiant. ., xpiee. , 

dispie«iaret, TR. : dispatch, hasten. 

dispiega. . = spiega. . 

dispie-tanzaf, F. : inhumanity, -tata- 
mentef, ADV. : pitilessly,' inhumanly, 
-tatof, ADJ. : pitiless, cruel. 

dis=pignere t, =piiigeret, IRR.; TB.: 
cancel, blot out. -pinsit, PRET., -pin- 
tof, PART, of -pingere. 

displi-eenzaf ^^ dispiaeenza. 

dispod. ., dispogrl. ., dispol. . = spod. ., 

dis-poneute, part, of -porre; M. : dis- 
poser. ||=p6iiere =: -porre. -ponilii- 
le, ADJ. : disposable, -ponimemtof, 
M. : disposal, order, -ponitivo, more 
commonly -pontivo. -pomitore, M. : 
regulator, bestower. =p6rre, ier. ; TB. : 
dispose (arrange, put in order); persuade; 
REFL. : prepare one's self, -posi, peet. 
of -porre. -positivamente, ADV.: dis- 
posingly. -positivo, ADJ. : disposing, 
enacting ; F. : enactment, -positdre, 
M., -positriee, F. : disposer, -posizid- 
ne, F. : disposition ; intent ; order. -p6- 
sta, F. : disposition, -postamentet, 
ADV. : with order, -postezza, P. : dis- 
posedness, readiness. -posto, pabt. of 
-porre; adj.: disposed, adapted; well 
madet, nimble. 

di-spoticamente, ADV.: despotically. 
Il-spotico \_despotd\, adj.: despotic, -po- 
tismo, M. : despotism. 

dispre-gevole, ADJ. : despicable, -ge- 
volmeute, ADV.: slightingly, -gia- 
bile, ADJ. : contemptible, -giamento, 
M. : contempt. ||-giare [dis-, p. .], TB. : 
DEPBECiATE (hold to be of little value); 
look down upon (despise), -giativo, 
ADJ.: depreciating; M.: depreciative suf- 
fix, -giatore, M. : scorner. disppe- 
gio, li. : scorn (contempt), -zzalbile, 
ADJ.: contemptible, -zzantemente, 
ADV. : scornfully, -zzare \_prezzo], te. : i 
deprecate (hold to be of small value); look / 


down upon (despise), -zzatore, M., 
-zzatri«e, F. : scorner. -zzevolef, 
ADJ.: despicable. -zzeTolmentef, adv.: 
scornfully, dispre-zzo, M. : contempt. 

dispri. ., dispro. . = spri. ., spro. . 

dispuTof, ADJ. : impure. 

dispu-ta, F. : dispute, discussion, -tabi- 
le, ADJ. : disputable, -tante, M. : dis- 
putant. II -tare [L. (putare, clean)], 
INTE. : dispute ; discuss ; refl. : contest. 
-tativo, ADJ. : disputative. -tato, ADJ. : 
disputed, controverted, -tatore, M., -ta- 
tri«e, F. : disputer, arguer. -tazione, 
F. : disputation ; argument. 

dlsqnisizione [L. -sitio {qucerere, seek)], 
F. : disquisition (dissertation). 

disradicaref, TR. : eradicate. 

disrag. .f, disreg. . = srag. ., sreg. . 

dis^Toniperet, IKR. ; TR. : break off. 

dismvidire f , TR. : remove the rust, 

dissagraref, TS. : desecrate. 

dissalare [sale}, intr. : freshen salt 

dissan - gnare [sanguej, TR. : remove 
blood, bleed, -goinare, TR. : wash off 
blood (from skins, etc.). 

dissa-pitot, ADJ. : insipid. ||-p6re [sa^ 
pore],w.: disagreement (quarrel), -pori- 
tot, -vorosof, ADJ. : unsavory, tasteless. 

disseo&-re [L. (secare, cut)], TR. : dissect. 
-zione, F. : dissection. 

disseo-oameiito, M. : desiccation. ||-o4- 
re [L. siccus, dry], tr. : desiccate ; refl.: 
become dry. -cativo, AiJj. : desiccative 

dissel«iaTe [lelce], TR. : tear up the 
pavement of. 

dlsseminfi-Te [semino], TR. : dissemi- 
nate (scatter), -tore, M. : disseminator. 
-zione, F. : dissemination. 

dissennare [senno], TR.: deprive of sense. 

dis-sensione, F. : dissension. ||=senso, 
M. : dissent (discord). 

dissen-teria [Gr. dus, ill, enteron, intes- 
tine], F.: dysentery, -tdrico, adj.: 

dis-sentimento, M. : dissent. ||=8en- 
tire, INTR. : dissent, -senziente, PART., 
ADJ. : dissentient. 

dissepara. . = separa. . 

dis=8eppellire, TR. : unbury, disinter. 

dis=8eTrare, TR. : unlock. 

disserta-re [L. dis-serere (join)], INTR. : 
discuss (dissert), -zioae&lla,, F. : brief 
discussion, -zione, F. : dissertation. 

disser-vigiot ^ -OTzio. -viref, TR. : 
disserve (harm), -viziof, M. : disservice 
(ill turn). 

diszsest&re, TR. : derange ; REFL. : be in 
disorder, -sesto, M. : disorder. 

dissetare [lete], INTR. : quench thirst. 



dis-settore [L. -sector (seeare, cut)], M. : 
dissector (anatomist). -sezi6ne, f. : dis- 

dissi, FRET, of dire. 

dis-sideute [L. -dens (sedere, sit)], adj. : 
dissident (disagreeing); m. : dissenter (in 
religion), -sidio, M. : dissension. 

dis=sigillare, TR. : unseal. 

dis-siUabo, ADJ. : dissyllabic ; M. : dis- 

dissimij/l'ta. .f = dissomiglia. . 

dissimi-ie [dis-, s. .], ADJ. : dissimilar, 
unlike, -litudine, F.: dissimilitude, 

dissimala-re [dis-, s. .], TR. : dissimu- 
late (pretend), -tamente, ADV.: dis- 
semblingly. -t6re, M., -tri«e, F. : dis- 
sembler, -zione, F. : dissimulation. 

dissi-pabile, ADJ.: dissipable. -pam^n- 
to, M.: dissipation. ||-pare [L. (sipare, 
throw)], TR.: dissipate (disperse), -pata- 
mente, ADV. : wastefuUy. -patezza, 
F.: dissipation, -pato, adj.: dissipated; 
scattered, -patore, M., -patriee, F. : 
squanderer, -pazione, F. : dissipation. 

dissipitof, ADJ. : insipid. 

dissodare [sodo], TR. : till (plough). 

dissollecitudinef, F. : slowness. 

disso-lubile, ADJ.: dissoluble, -lubi- 
lit&, F. : dissolubility, -lutamente, 
ADV. : dissolutely. -Int^zza, F. : disso- 
luteness. -Intivo, ADJ. : dissolvent. -In- 
to , FART, of -Ivere ; adj. : dissolute. 
-Inzione, F. : dissolution, disso-lv^i, 
FRET, of -Ivere. -Ivente, ADJ., M. : dis- 
solvent. iJdissd-lTere [dis-, s. .], IRR. ; 
TR.: dissolve; refl.: dissolve, melt. -Ivi- 
mento, M. : dissolving, melting. 

dis-somigritdnza, F. : unlikeness. ||=so- 
migrliare, INTR., REFL.: be unlike, be 

dis-sonante, ADJ.: dissonant, -son&nza, 
F. : dissonance ; incongruity. ||=sonare, 
INTR. : be dissonant. 

dissonnare [sonno\, TR., refl. : awake. 

dis=souo [L. sonus, sound], ADJ.: dissonant 

dis-sotterrajnento, M. : exhumation. 
||=sotterrare, TR. : disinter, dig up. 

dis=soweniret, IRR. ; INTR. : forget. 

dis=suadere, IRR. ; TR. : dissuade, -snd- 
si, FRET, of -suadere. -snasione, F. : 
dissuasion, -snasivo, ADJ. : dissuasive. 
-su&so, FART, of -suadere. -snasdria 
= -suasivo. 

dissaetudine \L.-do {sueseere,'b& used)], 
F. : desuetude (disuse). 

dissng&re [sugo], TR. : deprive of juice 
or sap. 

dissnggellare = dissigillare. 

dissnria [Gr. dus-, bad, oUron, urine], F. : 

di-staccamento, M. : detaching; de- 



tachment. -staccanzaf = -staeeamento. 
||=staccare, TE. : detach, pull away. 
-staccaturaf, F. : detaching, separat- 
ing, -stacco, M. : separation, parting. 

dista-jrHaref, INTE., EEPL. : intersect ; 
TE. : cut apart, -glia.tu.ra.f , P. : cut, 

di-stante, adj. : distant (far), -stanza, 
-stanziaf, F. : distance. ||=stare,lBB.; 
INTE. : be distant (be remote). 

distasaref, TE. : unstop. 

distemperare = stemperare. 

dis=teudere, lER. ; TE. : distend (stretch 
or spread out); eefl. : dwell or enlarge 
upon. -tendiBile, adj. : distensible. 
-tendimento, M. : distension. 

distenebrare [tenehra], TE. : clear up. 

dis=teneret, lEE. ; TE. : hold back, detain. 
-tenimentof, M. : detention. 

dis-tensione [-tendere], F. : distension 

distenutof, PABT. of distenere. 

disterminaref = sterminare. 

dis-tesa, P.: extent; expansion: alia — , 
at large ; diffusedly. -tesamente, adv.: 
extensively, -tesi, feet, of -tendere. 
Il-teso, PAET. of -tendere. 

disti-c^etto, dim. of -co. ||disti-co 

. [Gr. dis, twice, stikos, row, verse], M. : 
distich (epigram of two verse-lines). 

distil-lamento, M. : distilling. ||-lare 
[L. {stillare, drop)], TE. : distill, -latoio, 
M. : still, distillery, -latore, M. : distil- 
ler, -latorio, M. : still, -lazione, P.: 
distillation, -leria, F. : distillery. 

di-stinguere [L.],IEE.§; TB.: distinguish, 
separate ; eefl. . distinguish one's self. 
-stinguibile, ADJ. : distinguishable. 
-stinsi, PBET. of -stingvere. -stinta- 
mente, ADV. : distinctly, -stintivo, 
ADJ. : distinctive ; m. : sign, characteris- 
tic, -stinto, PAET. of -stinguere; ADJ.: 
clear, distinct, -stinzioneella, F. : 
slight distinction, -stiuzione, F. : dif- 
ference ; distinction, honour. 

§ Pret. distin-si, -se ; -sero. Part, disiinio. 

dis=td£rliere, ibe. ; TB. : dissuade, di- 
vert, -tofflimeuto, M. : dissuasion. 
-t61si, PBET., -tolto, PAET. of -togliere. 

diston. . t, distor-e. . f, distorn. .f = 

ston. ., store. ., storn. . 

distorre = distogliere. 

dis-torsione, P. : distortion, contorsion. 
Il-torto t [L. -tortus (torquere, twist)], 
ADJ. : distorted ; unjust. 

dis-traeref, =trarre, lER.; TE.: distract 
(divert); eefl. : divert one's mind, -tras- 
si, PEET. of -trarre. -trattameute, 
ADV. : distractedly, -tratto, paet. of 
-trarre. -trazioneella, P. : slight dis- 
traction, -trazione, F. : distraction 


di-strettaf, F. : distress (need), -stret- 
tamentet, ADV. : severely, -strettez- 
zaf, P. : severity. ||-stretto [-stringt- 
re], PAET.f, ADJ.: pressed, needy; m.: 
district, province, -strettuale, adj.: 

distri - bnimento f, M. : distribution, 
ll-buire [L. dis-tribuere (tribus, tribe)], 
TE. : distribute ; range, -butivamen- 
te, ADV. : distributively. -butivo, ADJ.: 
distributive, -butore, M., -biitri«e, 
p. : distributer, -buzione, P. : distri- 

distrigare = strigare. 

di-strifrneref, -stringeref, TB. : bind 
close ; pinch, -strin'gimentot, H. : 
binding, pinching. 

di=strnggere, IBE. ; TE. : destroy (de- 
molish). ' '-stmggibile, ADJ. : destruc- 
tible, -strnggiinentof, M.: destruction. 
-struggitivQ = -struttivo. -stmggi- 
t6re,'M., -struggitri«e, F. : destroyer. 
-strnssi, PEET. of -struggere. -strut- 
tibilef = -stmggibile. -strnttivo, 
ADJ. : destructive, -strutto, part, of 
-struggere. -stmttore, M. : destroyer. 
-struzione, F. : destruction, demolition. 

distnrare t, TR. : uncork. 

dis-turbanzaf, F. : disturbance. ||-tnr- 
bare [L. (turba, disorder)], TE. : disturb. 
-turbatore, M., -tnrbatFi«e, F. : dis- 
turber, -turbo, M. : disturbance. 

disubbi - diente, ADJ. : disobedient. 
-dientemente, ADV. : disobediently. 
-dienza, P. : disobedience. ||-dire [oh- 
bedire], te. : disobey ; INTE. : be disobe- 

disndiret, TE. : appear not to hear. 

disnggellaref, TE. : unseal. 

dis-ugaa<7ltanza, P. : inequality, -ngna- 
SrKare, TE. . render unequal. ||=iigua- 
le, ADJ. : unequal, unlike, -ngnalita, 
F. : inequality, -ugualmente, ADV. : 

dis-umanaret, TR. : divest of humanity; 
EEFL. : become inhuman. ||=ninano, 
ADJ. : inhuman. 

disnmidire [umido], TE. : remove the 

dis=angere, TE. : free from grease. 

dis - nnione, P. : disunion, division. 
Il=nnire, TE.: disunite (separate); EEFL.: 
be separated, -nnitamente, ADJ.: sep- 
arately, -nnito, PART. ; ADJ.: separate. 

disuntof, ADJ. : empty (vain). 

disaria ^ dissuria. 

disarpare ^ usurpare. 

dis-nsanzaf, P. : disuse, -nsare, TR. : 
disaccustom, -nsatamente t. ADV. ; 
against custom, -nsato, ADJ.: disused, 
obsolete; unusual. Hdis-nso, M. : dis- 
use, desuetude. 


dis-atila€«io, adj.: utterly useless, 
good for nothing. ||=utile, ADJ. : use- 
less, -ntilita, P. : inutility, useless- 
ness. -utilmente, adv. : uselessly. 

disva-leret, TR. : harm, -loret, M. : 
little value. 

disvantaggio = svantaggio. 

disvariar'e't, INTR. : vary. 

disvel(l). ., disvi. . ^ svel(l). ., svi. . 

dis=volere, INTR. : unwill (will the re- 

di-ta, PL. of -to. -tale, M.: finger-stall; 
thimble, -tata, P. : slap with the finger ; 
sign, mark (left by the fingers). 

ditellot, M. : arm-pit. 

diten. . f, diter. . f = deten. ., deter. . 

diti-rambeggiare, INTR.: write dithy- 
rambs, -ranilico, adj. : dithyrambic. 
Il-rambo [Gr. dithurambos, name of 
Bacchus], M. : dithyramb (hymn to Bac- 

di-to [L. -gitus], pi. -ti or (/.) -ta, M. : 
finger, inch : — grosso, thumb ; — migno- 
lo, little finger ; legarsela a — , not to for- 
get (an injury) ; mordersi il — per una 
cosa, repent a thing ; mostrare a — , point 
at. di-tole, P. PL. : fungus (mushroom). 
-tone, aug. of -to. 

ditono [Gr. dis, two, tonos, tone], M. : in- 
terval of two notes. 

ditrapparet, TR. : rob (swindle). 

di=trarret, IKR. ; TR. : take away ; de- 
tract (defame), -trazionet. P.: detrac- 

ditrineiaref, TR. : cut, hash. 

ditta [ditto, old part, of -dire], P. : firm 
(commercial house). 

ditta -ret [L- dictare], TR. : dictate. 
ditta-tof, M. : dictation ; adage, -to- 
re, M. : dictator, -torio, adj. : dicta- 
torial, -tnra, F. : dictatorship. 

dittof, M. : saying, maxim. 

dit-tongare, TR. : diphthongize. || -ton- 
go [Gr. dis-, twice, phthongos, sound], m. : 

ditnrparet, '^■' defile (Eng.f diturpate). 

din-rno [L. -rnus (dies, day)], adj. : 
diurnal (daily); m. : diurnal (prayer-book); 
{zo'dl.) diurnal bird. -turnamente, 
adv. : for a long time, -tnrmita, P. : 
diuration. -tdrno, ADJ. : lasting (Eng.f 

diva |li.],P. : goddess. 

diva-gamento, M. : roving (divagation). 
Il-gare [L. -vagari (rove)], INTR., REPL. : 
rove (ramble, wander); tr. : distract (di- 

dival - lamentof, M. : descent, going 
down, -laref, INTR., refl. : descend 

diTam-pamento, M. : shining, blaze. 
Il-pape [di-, v. .]. INTR.: bum (blaze). 



divano [Ar. daiwan, council], M. : divan 
(Turk, council ; conch ; assembly hall). 

di-variaref, TR., INTR. : vary, -variof, 
M. ; distraction ; interruption. 

di-rastazionet, F. : devastation. 

divecchiaref, TR. : make young ; renew; 
INTR. : grow young. 

di = ved4re, IRR. ; TR. : let see (show): 
dare a — , demonstrate, -veduto, part. 
of -vedere. 

di-veglieref, ^vellere, TR. : uproot. 
-vellimentof, M. : uprooting, -velto, 
ADJ. : uprooted ; ploughed ; M. : deep dig- 
ging ; ploughed ground. 

di=venire, IRR. ; INTR. : become ; derive. 
-venni, fret, of -venire, -ventare, 
INTR. . become, -veuuto, part, of -ve- 

diverbio [verbol, M. : dispute. 

di-vergente, PART. : diverging, -ver- 
genza', P. : divergence. ||=vergere, 
IRR. ; INTR. : diverge. 

diverref, TR. : uproot, dig out, 

di-versamente, ADV. : diversely, -ver- 
saref, INTR. : be different, -versifica- 
pe, INTR.: vary; TR. : diversify, -ver- 
sificazione, P. : variation, change, -ver- 
sionef, P. : diversion (amusement ; strat- 
agem), -versita, P. : diversity. -v6r- 
so, ADJ. : diverse ; stranget, horrible. 
-versoriof, M. : lodging, inn. -verte- 
ref, TR. : divert, -verticolof, M. : sub- 
terfuge; digression, --rertimento, M.: 
diversion (pastime). ll-T-ertire [L. di- 
vertere, turn], TR. (Pres. -verto) : distract, 
divert ; refl. : be diverted. 

divestiret, TR. : undress, divest. 

divettare [di vetta], TR. : prune. 

divez-zare [vezzo], TR. : disaccustom ; 
wean (children) ; repl. : disaccustom one's 
self, -zato, divez-zo, PART., ADJ. : dis- 

di-viaref [via], TR. : deviate, -viato, 
ADJ. : direct ; quick ; adv. : hurriedly, 
right aw AY. 

di-Tidendo, M. : dividend, share. ||-vi- 
dere [L.], IRR.§ ; TR. : divide ; part (sep- 
arate), -videvolef, ADJ. : divisible. 
-viditoref, M. : divider. 

§ Pret. divi-si, -se; -sero. Part, diviso. 

di-vietamentof = -vieto. ||=vieta- 
re, TR. : prohibit, forbid, -vietazionef, 
P., -vieto, M. : prohibition, forbidding. 

divimaref, TR. : untie (loosen) ; repl. : 
disentangle one's self. 

divi-namente, ADV. : divinely. ||-na- 
ro [-no], TR., INTR. : divine (predict, pres- 
age). -nat6re, M.: diviner, -natorio, 
ADJ.: divining, -nazione, P.: divination. 

divinco-labile, adj. : that can be twist- 
ed, -lamento, M. : twisting. ||-lare 
[di-, V. .], TR.: twist, wring ; refl.: writhe. 



divi-nita, P. : divinity, -mizzare, TB. : 

deify, -nizzazidne, F.: deification. ||di- 
vi-no [L. -nus], ADJ. : divine. 

divi-sa, F. : device, insignia ; livery ; 
share ; manner, wayf. -samoute, adv. : 
separately. -samento, M. : design, 
thought; differencet, division; devicef. 
-sare, TR. : devise (plan, think out) ; 
consider; diversifyf. -satamento, adv.: 
distinctly. -satof, adj. : variegated ; 
disfigured, divi-si, pket. of -dere. -si- 
bile, adj. : divisible, -sibilita, F. : 
divisibility., -sione, F. : division, -sivof, 
ADJ. : divisible. Ildivi-so [-dere], paet. : 
separated, -sore, M. : divider ; divisor. 
-sorio, ADJ. : dividing. 

di-viziaf, P.: abundance; PL.: riches, -vi- 
ziosot, ADJ. : rich. 

divo [L. -vus (deus, god)], adj. : (poet.) 

divolga. .f = divulga. . 

di=vdlgeret, IRR.; TR.: roll, wrap, -vol- 

tof, PART. 

divora-«itat, P. : voracity, -mento 
[-re], M. : voracity, gluttony. =iu6iitit, 
M., INVAR. : braggart. Il-'re [L. de-vo- 
rare],TB,.: devour, -tore, M., -trice, P.: 
devourer. -zionef, P. : devouring. 

divorzio [L. -Hum {vertere, turn)], M. : 

divot. . = devot. . 

divnl-gamento, M. : divulging, publica- 
tion. Il-gare [L. (vulgus, crowd)], TR. : 
divulge (publish), -gatore, M., -gatri- 
€e, P. : divulger. -gazionef =: -ga- 

divnlsof, PART, of divellere. 

di-zionario, M. : dictionary. ||-zi6ne 
[L. dictio (dicere, say)]. P.: diction (phrase, 
word) ; districtf ; powerf. 

ddi, PRES. IND. of dare. 

d62, M. : do (first note of the scale). 

doanaf = dogana. 

do-bla ^ doppia. -bletto, M. : kind of 
cotton stuff. -b(b)16ue [Sp.], M. : doub- 
loon (Spanish coin), do-blot = doppio. 

d6-e-«ia, P.: conduit (duct); canal; show- 
er-bath. ||-«iare [1. L. ductiare (du- 
cere, lead)], tr., intr. : pour down ; take 
ghower-bathsf. -ciatnra, P. : lotion ; 
shower-bath, doe-eiof = -cia. -eio- 
ii4ta, P. : conduit, -eione, M. : large 

doei-le [L. -Us (docere, teach)], adj. : 
docile (tractable), -lita, F. : docility. 
-Imente, ADV. : tractably. 

doou-mentare, TR. : provide with doc- 
uments (document). || -mento [L. -men- 
turn {docere, teach)], M. : document ; pre- 
ceptt, instruction. 

dodeoa- [Gr. dd-defta, twelve]: -edro [Gr. 
hidra, base], M. : dodecahedron, -'gono 


[Gr. gonia, angle], M. : dodecagon, -sil 
labo, adj. : dodecasyllabic ; M. : dodeca- 

dodi=«ennet, adj. : twelve years old. 
-eesimo, adj. : twelfth. ||d6di-«i [h. 
duo-deeim], num. : twelve. -ei=iiiila, 
M. : twelve thousand. -«iiia, P. : dozen. 

doga [Gr. doche, cask], P.: stave (of a 
cask, etc.). 

dogale [doge], adj. : dogal. 

dogame [doga], M. : quantity of staves. 

doga-na [?], P. : custom-house or office ; 
administration of customs. -n41e, adj.: 
of customs, -nidre, M. : custom-house 

dogare [doga], TR. : put the staves on (a 

do-garessa, P.: spouse of the doge, -go- 
to, M. : dogate, office of doge. ||dd-ge 
pj. dux, leader], M. : doge. 

dogft-ettof, M. : young mastiff. 

dd-^lia pj. -lor]. P.: pain, grief; PL.: 
pains of labour, -glianza,, F. : lamenta- 
tion, complaint, -gliarella, P.: slight 
pain, -giie, cf . -glia. -jrlientet, ADJ. : 

do-^liettof, dim. of -glio. Udo-ffliof, 
M. : cask. 

do - grliosamente, adv. : sorrowfully. 
||-£rli6so [-glia], ADJ.: sorrowful (pain- 
ful), -glid-ecia, P. : slight grief. 

dogma. . = domma. . 

dogof, M. : mastiff. 

d61-«e [L. dulcis], ADJ. : sweet (mild, 
gentle) ; adv. : softly ; M. : sweetness. 
-eem.eiite, ADV.: sweetly (softly), -eoz- 
za, P.: sweetness; PL.: pleasures, dol- 
«i, M. PL. : sweets (confits). dol-eiaf, 
P. : swine's blood, -el&stvo, adj. : sweet- 
ish ; sickening. -«iatot, adj. : sweet 
(charming), -eicanorof, ADJ. : melo- 
dious, -eificare, TR. : sweeten, dulcify. 
-eificazi6iie,p.: dulcification. -cifrno, 
ADJ. : somewhat sweet, -e-ione, adj. : 
very sweet ; duUf, silly, -eiorof, M., -ei- 
tudinef, P. : sweetness, -einme, M. : 
sweetmeats, dol-oo, adj. : mild, pleas- 
ant (said of weather). 

do-lente, PART., ADJ.: doleful (sorrowful). 
-lentemente, ADV. : sorrowfully, -len- 
ziaf, P.: pain, sorrow. ||-lepe [L., suf- 
fer], IRR.§; iNTR. : give pain (dat. pain, 
ache) ; refl. : suffer (grieve) ;• complain : 
mi {dat.) -le il capo, my head aches. 
-lico/iiare, -li««icare, INTR.: feel a 
slight pain or grief. 

§ Ind. : Pres. ildl£-a, <Hu)dli, d(u)ole ; doglia- 
mo or dolghidmo, doUte, dolgono. Pret, dbl- 
si, -isii, -se; -kmtno, -iste, -sero. Fut. dorrb. 
Cond. dorrii. Subj. : Pres. dblga, etc. I've 
dtyjdli; dolite. Part, doluta. — Poet, forms; 

dollaro [fr. Eng.], M. ; dollar. 


dolo [L. dolus], M. : fraud (trick). 
dolo-ranzat, P.: pain, -raref, TR. : 
give pain, afflict ; refl. : suffer, complain. 
-razionet, P. : pain. ||dol6-re [L. do- 
lor], M. : pain (anguish, sorrow), -retto, 
dim. of -re. -rificof, adj.: painful. 
-rosamente, ADV. : sorrowfully, -ro- 
so, ADJ. : painful (sad ; dolorous), -jr&e- 
-eio, M. : slight grief. 
dolo-samente [dolo], adv. : fraudulently, 
deceitfully, -sita, p.: fraud, artifice. 
dol6-so, ADJ. : fraudulent. 
dol-si, PRET., -sntof, -uto, PART, of 

dolz. .t= dole. . 
domabile, ADJ. : tamable. 
doman-da, -dag^ione'j', P.: demand, req- 
uisition, -dante, M.: demandant. ||-da- 
re Pi- de-mandare], TE. : demand (ask), 
-datoret, M.: demander. doman-daf, 
M. : demand. 

doma-nef, -ni [L. de, mane, morning], 
ADV. : to-morrow : doman- a sera, to-mor- 
row evening ; doman V altro, day after to- 

doma-re [L.], TE. : TAME (break, subdue). 
-tore, M., -tri«e, P. : tamer. 
domattina [di mattina], ADV. : to-mor- 
row morning. 
domatnra [-mare], P. : taming. 
Domeneddio [L. dominus, lord, Dio], M. : 

domeni-ca [L. dominus, lord, master], 
P. : Sunday, -oale, ADJ. : dominical, of 
Sunday ; m. : Sunday clothes, -cana, 
P. : Dominican nun. -cano, ADJ. : Domin- 
ican ; M. : Dominican friar. 
do-mdstica, P. : domestic, maid, -me- 
sticamente, ADV. : familiarly, -me- 
sticare, TR. : tame, domesticate, -me- 
sticftezza, P. : domesticity, familiarity. 
Il-mestico [L. -mesticus {-mus, house)], 
ADJ. : domestic, familiar, tame ; M. : do- 
mestic, valet. 

domevolet, ADJ. : tamable. 
domi-eiliare, INTE., befl. : install one's 
self, take up one's abode. ||-«ilio [L. 
-cilium (domus, house)], m. : domicile 
domi-nante, ADJ.: dominant, ruling. 
Il-nare jL. -nari (dominus, master)], 
TR. : dominate, rule over ; intr. : be dom- 
inant, -nato, ADJ. : dominated, ruled ; 
M.t: power, dominion, -natore, M., 
-natri-ee, P. : ruler, -nazione, P. : 
domination (sway), domi-ne [L. voc. of 
-nus, lord], M. : Lord, -neddio = do- 
meneddio. domi-nicof, ADJ. : of God ; 
dominical. domi-nio, M. : dominion. 
domi-no, -n6, M. : dominoes (game); 
domino (mask). 
ddmitof, PART. : tamed. 

dopoche 151 

dom-ma [Gr. dogma, opinion], M. : dogma 
(tenet), -matioa [-ma], F. : dogmatics. 
-maticamente, ADV. : dogmatically. 
-matioo, ADJ. : dogmatical, -matiz- 
zare, INTR. : dogmatize. 

domo I [for domato], ADJ. : tamed. 

d6mo2 [L. domus], M. : houset ; dome (ca- 
thedral) : in — Petri, in prison. 

don or don [L. dominus, lord], m. : don 
(Span.), Su:, lord. 

dona-^onef, M. : donation, -mentof, 
M. : gift. ||dona-re [L.], TE. : donate. 
-tario, M. : receiver of a gift (donee). 
-tivo, M. : donative (gift), -tore, m., 
-tri«e, p. : donor (giver), -turaf, P. : 
gift, -zione, P. : donation. 

donde [L. de, from, unde, whence], adv. : 
from whence ; why. =c^e -e, adv.: what- 
soever be the reason. 

dondo-lare [?], TE. : swing ; dally ; ebfl. : 
loiter about, -lio, m. : continued swing- 
ing, dondo-lo, M. : swinging object ; 
pendulum; delayf: voter il — 1> love a 
joke, -lona, p. : lounging, idle woman. 
-lone, M. : dangler ; lounger, -loni, 
ADJ. : as in ffi -loni, dangling. 

dondnnqnet = dondeche. 

don-na [L. domina, mistress], P. : woman; 
wife ; mistress : — da camera, maid, 
waiting-woman. -noDcheTa, disp. of-na. 
-nae-eia, disp. of -na. -na««ina, dim. 
of -na. -na««inata. P.: young woman's 
act. -naccola, P. : gossip, -naiolo, 
-nainolof, M. : admirer of women, -nea- 
re t, INTE. : court, flirt, -neggiare f, 
INTE.: lord it (domineer), -nescamen- 
te, ADV. : like a woman, -nesco, adj. : 
womanly, -netta, car. dim. of -na. 
-nic-eiola, disp. dim. of -na. -ni-ecio- 
lata, P. : act of silly woman, -nina, 
car. dim. of -na. -nino, M.: little grace- 
ful woman, -"nof, M.: master, lord ; ADJ.: 
good, kind, don-nola, p. : weasel. -u6- 
na, p., -n6ne, M. : large, well-formed 
woman, -notta, F.: disgraceful woman. 
-nu«eia, dim. of -na. -an-e-eia-e-eia, 
disp. of -nuccia. -nncola, P.: poor, 
wretched woman. 

do-no [L. -num], M. : gift (present; talent): 
in — , as a gift, free, do-noraf, P. PL. : 
bride's clothes. 

donqnef = dunque. 

donuzzo(lo)t, dim of -no. 

don-zella [-na],F.: damsel (young girl). 
-zelletta, P. : dim. of -zella; cookey. 
-zello, M. : bailiff (constable); knight's 
esquiret ; valet, -zellonef, M. : loiterer 

doplaref, TR. : redouble. 

dopo [de, poi], prep. : after ; behindf ; 
ADV. : since, afterwards : — che or -e/i-e 
-I, ADV., CONJ. : after that, when. 

152 doppia 

dop - pia, P. : flounce ; pistole (coin). 
-piameute, ADV.: doubly; deceitfully. 
-piare,TE.: double. -piatnra,F.: doub- 
ling, -piere [because having double 
candle], -pierof, M. : chandelier, -pie- 
ruzzof, M. : small torch, -piezza, F. : 
being double ; duplicity (deceit). Ildop- 
pio [L. duplus], ADJ. : double ; deceitful 
(crafty); M. : double; chime, -pione, 
M. : double (second copy of a book in 
libraries); doubloonf (coin). 

do-ramentof, M. : gilding. ||-rare [L. 
de-aurare iaurum, gold)], TR. : gild, -ra- 
tore, M. : gilder, -ratura, F. : gilding ; 
PL.: ornaments, -re, invak. adj.: gold 
colour, -reriaf. P.: things of gold, gold 
plate, etc. 

dori-eismo, H. : doricism. ||d6ri-co 
[Gr. -kos], ADJ. : Doric. 

doT-malfnocot, M. : drone (sluggard). 
-ment6rio, M. : dormitory, -micchia- 
re, INTR. : nap, doze, -miente, part., 
ADJ. : sleeping, dormant ; M. : sleeper. 
-mif/liaref = -micchiare. -migliona,, 
p., -vaiglione, M. : great sleeper (slug- 
gard), -mi^rliosot, adj. : sleepy (drow- 
sy). II -mire [L.], INTR. (Pres. -mo) : sleep ; 
M. : sleep (repose); sleeping-place: — al 
fuoco, be negligent, -mita, P. : long 
continued sleep, rest, -mitoref, M. : 
sleeper, -mitorio, M. : dormitory, -mi- 
trieef, P. : sluggard, -mizionet, P. : 

dor-sale, ADJ. : dorsal (of the back). 
||dd-rso [L. -sumy], M. : back. 

do-sare, TR. : mix doses, dose. ||d6-se 
[Gr. dosis, giving], P. : dose. 

dossiers f, dossiero f, M. : coverlet ; 

dosso [L. dorsUTril, M. : back ; pi. dossi, 
skins of animals. 

do-ta = -te. -tale, ADJ. : dotal (per- 
taining to a dower), -tare, TR. : endow 
(bestow), -tatore, M. : bestower ; giver 
of a dowry, -tazione, P. : dotation (be- 
stowing a dowry). ||d6-te [L. dos], P. : 
gift; dowry (portion); talent, -tona, 
p. : large dowry. 

dottaf I, P. : hour, good opportunity. 

dot-tafz, p., -taggiot, M. : fear. 

dottamente [do'tto], ADV. : learnedly. 

dottaref, INTR. : be afraid, be suspicious. 

dot-to \L. doctus {docere, teach)], adj. : 
learned : alia dotta, in a learned manner. 
-tora«e{o, M. : pitiful doctor, -torag- 
gine, M. : (jest.) doctorship. -torale, 
ADJ. : doctoral, -toraref, R. : give the 
degree of doctor ; repl.: take the doctor's 
degree, -torato, M.: doctorate, -tore, 
M. : doctor, -toreggi'are, intr. : act 
the doctor, display one's learning, -to- 
rello, disp. dim. of -tore, -toresoo, 


ADJ. : doctoral, -torossa, P. : learned 
woman, doctoress. -toretto, -torino, 
car. dim. of -tore, -torome, M. : great 
doctor, -tora-eciae-eio, disp. of -to- 
ruccio. -torn-e-eto, disp. of -tore. 

dottosof, ADJ. : doubtful. 

dottri-na [dotto], P.: learning, erudition; 
doctrinef. -nale, adj. : learned ; doc- 
trinal, -nalmemte, ADV. : 'dootrinally. 
-namentof, M. : instruction, -naref, 
TR. : instruct, -nario, M. : doctrinaire. 
-natoref, M. . instructor. 

dove [L. de, from, ubi, where], ADV.: 
where, whither. =cfi.6, CONJ. : although, 
=cc7tessia, ADV. : wherever. 

do-vere [L. debere], IRR.§ ; INTR. : owe 
(be obliged, must, be to), M. : DUTY, task : 
egli deve venire domani, he is to come to- 
morrow, -verosamente, ADV.: right- 
fully, -veroso, adj. : dub (proper). 

§ Ind. : Pres. t^ivo or dibbo^ divi or dki, 
deve or debbe or dee ; dobbidmo, dovete, devo- 
no, dibbono. Pret. dovH or dovetii. Fut. 
dovrb. Cond. dovrei. Subj. : Pres. dkua. or 
debba, etc. I've lacking. — ■ Poet, forms; 
deg-gio, -giono or dentto. (S.) dib-bia, -biano 
or d^g-gia, -giayto, 

dovi-zia [L. -tia (dives, wealthy)], F. : 
abundance (wealth), -ziosamente, adv.: 
abundantly, -zioso, adj. : rich (abun- 

dovunqne [dove (L. unquam, ever)], adv.: 

do-vutamente, adv. : duly (rightly), 
ll-vuto, PART, of dovere. 

dozzi-na Idodicina'], p. : dozen ; board- 
ing : stare a — , board ; tenere a — , keep 
boarders ; di — , of the dozen (= little 
value), -nale, adj. ; common (ordinary). 
-nalmente, ADV.: commonly; meanly. 
-naute. P., M. : boarder. 

drag7iettot, M. : cock of a gun. 

drag^inassaf, F. : rapier. 

drago [Gr. drdkon], M. : dragon. 

dragomanno [Ar.], M. : dragoman (in- 

dra-gona, P. : ensign (standard). , ||-g6- 
le {.-ffo (troops carried an ensign with a 
dragon on it)], M. : dragoon. 

dramma i [Gr. draehmS, handful], P. : 
dram : a — a — , little by little. 

dram-ma 2 [Gr. drama (drdn, do, act)], 
F. : drama, -matioa, P. : dramatic art. 
-maticamente, ADV. : dramatically. 
-matico, ADJ. : dramatic, -matizza- 
re, TR. : dramatize, -maturgia, k : 
dramaturgy, -maturgo, M. : dramatist. 

drap-pelletto, M. : small band, or troop. 
Il-pello [OProv. tropel (dim. of troupe)], 
M. : small troop of soldiers (band). 

drap-pelloue, M. : tapestry, hangings. 
-peria, P. : silk draperies, -petto, M. : 
light silk stuff, -pieref, M. : silk-weaver. 


ll-po [1. L. -pus], M. : silks ; mercery ; 
dress (clothes)t. 

drento, dreto = dentro, dietro. 

dria-da or -de [Gr. druds (drus, tree)], 
P. : dryad. 

dringolaref, TR. : jog, shake. 

dritt. ., drizz. . = diritt. ., dirizz. . 

dro-ga [? Dutch droog, dry substance], F.: 
drug; PL.: drugs ; spices, groceries, -ga- 
re, TR. : spice (season), -gheria., p. : 
drug-store ; spice-store. -gTiiere, M. : 

dromedario [L. -rius (Gr. drameln, 
run)], M. : dromedary. 

dru-da, P. : mistress, sweetheart, -de- 
ria t, F. : fondling, amourous caresses. 
Il-do [OGer. drut, friend], M. : lover; 
gallant ; ADJ.f : amourous. 

drni-dico, ADJ. : druidic(al). ||drn.i-do 
pj. Druides (It. Celt.)], m.: druid (ancient 
Celtic priest). 

drnsciare = strusciare. 

dua-le [L. duo, 'two'], adj.: dual, -li- 
smo, M., -lita, P. : dualism ; duality. 

da - bbiamente, ADV. : irresolutely. 
-■bbiaref, INTR.: doubt; fear, -bbietaf, 
-bbiezza, P. : doubt ; irresolution ; sus- 
pense. Ildu-bbio pj. -iiiis (duo, 'two')], 
ADJ. : doubtful (uncertain) ; M. : doubt. 
-bbiosamente, ADV. : dubiously, -bbio- 
sitat, P. : dubiousness, -bbioso, ADJ. : 
doubtful (dubious); irresolute, dii-biof, 
M. : doubt, -bitabile, ADJ. : uncertain 
(dubitable). -bitamentof, M., -bitan- 
zaf, P.: doubt, -bitare, intr.: be doubt- 
ful, -bitativamente, ADV. : doubt- 
fully, -bitativo, ADJ. : doubtful, -bi- 
tazioneella, dim. of -bitazione. -bi- 
tazi6ne,F.: doubt, -bitevolmentef, 
ADV.: doubtfully, -bitoso, ADJ.: doubtful. 

dn-ca [L. dux (ducere, lead)], M. : leader, 
chief ; duke, -cale, adj. : ducal, -ca- 
to, M. : dukedom (duchy); ducat (coin). 
-catone, M. : big ducat. -«e, M. : cap- 
tain (military leader); guide. -«eat, P. : 
duchy, -c^esco, ADJ. : (disp.) ducal. 
-c7(,essa, F. : duchess. -ch.essina, P. : 
young duchess, -cfcetto, dim. of -ca. 
-c/iino, M. : young duke. 

due [L. duo], NUM. : TWO ; M. : two : essere 
(stare) fra — , be uncertain ; tener tra — , 
hold in suspense. =«6iito, ADJ., M.: two 

dnel-lante, ADJ.: duelling, fighting; M.: 
duellist, -lare, intr.: fight a duel, -la- 
tore, M. : duellist, -lista, M. : expert 
duellist. ||dael-lo [L. -lum (duo, two)], 
M. : duel. 

due = mila, ADJ., M. : two thousand. 
-nnale [anno], ADJ.: biennial, due-tto, 
M. : duet. 

dn-eentdqimo, ADJ.: two hundredth. 



ll-gento [L. ducenti (duo, two, centum, 
hundred)], ADJ., M. : two hundred, -gen- 
to^mila, ADJ.,M.: two hundred thousand. 

dninof, M. : two aces. 

dulcamara [man D.], M.: quack (charla- 

dulcificaref ^ dolcifieare. 

dulia [Gr. douleia, servitude], P. : dulia 
(worship of angels and saints). 

dumila [duemila], AT)].,M..: two thousand. 

du-mo [L. -mus], m. : thornbush (briers). 
-moso, ADJ. : dumose (full of briers). 

duna [Celt.], P. : DOWN (sand hill). 

dunque [L. ad, to, tune, then], adv. : 
then; what? 

duo [dae], M. : duet (duo), -de-cimo, 
ADJ. : twelfth, -decnplo, ADJ. : twelve 
times more, -denario, ADJ.: duodenary, 
of twelve, -deno, M. : duodenum (first 
of the small intestines). 

duole, of. doZere. d(u)dlo,M.: pain,grief. 

duomo = domo. 

dupli-care, TR.: duplicate, -catameu- 
te; ADV.: doubly. -cato,PART.: doubled; 
M. : double, duplicate ; (typ.) doublet. 
-cazione, F.-: duplication. ||dupli-«e 
[L. du-plex, double], adj. : double (two- 
fold), -eita, P. : duplicity (dissimula- 
tion), duplo, ADJ., M. : double. 

du-raf, p.: duration; obstinacy, -ra- 
bile \_-rare], ADJ. : durable, -rabilitd,, 
P. : durability, -rabilmente, adv. : 
perpetually, -ra-eine [L. -racinus, berry], 
ADJ. : hard, tough, clinging (said of fruit). 
-ramente, ADV. : hardly, harshly, -ra- 
mentof, M. : durability, continuance. 
-raute, FART., ADJ. : during, lasting. 
-ranzaf, P. : duration, -rare, intr. : 
endure (last), resist (hold out): — fatica, 
bear labour ; chi la dura la vince, he who 
holds out, conquers, -r astro, adj.: 
somewhat hard, -rata, F. : duration. 
-raturo, ADJ.: durable, continuing, -ra- 
zionef, P. : duration, -retto, adj. : 
tough, hardish. -revole, adj. : durable, 
lasting. -revolezza, F. : durability, 
lastingness. -revolmente, adv. : last- 
ingly, -rezza, P. : induration, hardness. 
-ritaf, P. : hardness, -rlindana [?], 
p.: Rowland's sword; sword. ||du-ro [L. 
-rus], ADJ.: hard (strong; rude, cruel); 
stubborn ; M. : hardness : capo — , block- 
head ; — di boeea, hard-mouthed (said of 
horses); star (tener) — , be firm, -rotto, 
ADJ.: slightly hard. 

dut-tile [L. ductilis (ducere, lead)], ADJ.: 
ductile (flexible, malleable), -tilita, f. : 
ductility, dut-tof, m. : duct (canal). 
-toref, M. : leader (guide). 

dn-nmvirato, M. : duumvirate. H-um- 
viro [L. -um-vir, 'TWO-man'], m. : duum- 


e I [L.], F. : e (the letter). 

e 2 [L. et], CONJ.: and ; then ; both : e . ..e, 
both . . . and. 

e', pop. for egli, essi. 

e [L. est] : is. 

e- [L. ex, from], pref. : e-, ex-. 

eba-nista, pi. — H, M. : ebonist (cabinet- 
maker). ||eba-no [L. ebenus], M.: ebony. 

eb-lie for ll-bene [e bene], adv.: ah well, 
well now. 

ebbio [L. ebulum], M. : dwarf-elder. 

eb-brezza, F. : drunkenness (inebriety); 
intoxication, -briac^ezza, F.: drunken- 
ness, -briacof, ADJ. : drunk, -brietaf, 
p. : drunkenness, -brioso = -6ro. ||eb- 
bro [L. ebrius], adj. : drunk (inEBRlATE); 

ebdom. .f = eddom. . 

ebenot = ebano. 

ebe=ret, INTK. : grow weak, faint, -tag- 
gine, P. : stupidity, -tazionef, p'. : 
Bluntness; thickness. l|ebe-te [L. he- 
bes], adj. : blunt (dull, hebetate, stupid). 
-tismo, M. : dullness (stupidity). 

ebol-limentot, M. : boiling. H-liref, 
INTR. : BOIL (cf. bollire). -lizione, P.: 
boiling; ebullition. 

ebr-aicaineiite,ADV.: Hebraically. -ai- 
co, ADJ.: Hebraio(al). -aismo, M.: He- 
braism, -aista, pi. — t.i, M. : Hebraist. 
-aizzare, TR., INTR. . Hebraize. Il-eo 
[L. hebraeus], adj., m. : Hebrew. 

ebrezzaf, ebri. .f = ebbrezza, ebbri. . 

ebulo, poet. = ebbio. 

eb-uret [L. ebur], M. : IVORY, -drneo, 
-umof, ADJ. : ivory, ivory-white. 

ecatombe [Gr. hekaton, hundred, boHs, 
ox], P.: hecatomb (sacrifice of ' 100 oxen'), 

e«-«edeiite, ADJ. : exceeding, -eeden- 
temente, ADV. : exceedingly, -eeden- 
za, P. : excess (superfluity). ||-eedere 
Ui. ex-eedere (c, go from)], irr. (cf. cede- 
re) ; TR. : exceed (go beyond, surpass). 
--eeduto, part, of -cedere. 

e«-eelleiite, ADJ.: excellent, -eellen- 
temente, ADV. : excellently, -eellen- 
tissimo, ADJ. : most excellent (a title). 
-eellenza, -cellenziaf, F. : excellence; 
excellency. ||-«ellere [L. ex-cellere (root 
eel; rise)], tr. : excel, -eelsameute, 
ADV. : in a lofty manner ; highly. -«el- 
situdinef. P.: highness (title). -«elso, 
ADJ. : lofty (sublime); M. : God. 

e-e-eentricameute, ADV. : in an eccen- 
tric manner, -eentricita, p. : eccen- 
tricity. Il-eentrico [L. -centros (Gr. 
ek, out of, kentron, center], adj. : eccen- 


e«-«e8sivaineiite, ADV. : 

-eessivita, P. : excessiveness. -eessi- 
vo, ADJ. : excessive. ||-«esso [L. ex- 
cessus (cedere, go away)], m. : excess (im- 
moderateness) ; passion ; exaltation (ec- 
stacy)t,: M' — , excessively. 

e-eeetera [L. et ccetera], P. : et cetera 
(and so on). 

ec-eettaref, TR. : except. -«etto [L. 
ex-eeptus (capere, take)], ADj.f : excepted ; 
PREP., CONJ.: except (save; unless); M.f: 
exception, -eettnabile, ADJ.: excepta- 
ble. -eettnare, TR. : except, -eet- 
tuativo, ADJ. : exceptive. -«ettna- 
to, ADJ.: excepted; prep.: except, -eet- 
tuazionef, P. : exception. -«eziona- 
le, ADJ.: exceptional. -«ezi6iie, P.: ex- 
ception ; censure. 

ecc/iimosi or ecchimosi [Gr. ek-chiimo- 
sis], P. : ecchymosis (livid spot). 

eeeidio [L. ex-cidium (ccedere, cut)], M. : 
slaughter (carnage); ruin. 

eeei-tabile, ADJ. : excitable, -tabili- 
ta, P.: excitability, -tamento, M.: ex- 
citation; incitement, -tante, ADJ.: ex- 
citing. Il-tare [L. ex-citare (cilare, 
rouse)], TR.: excite, incite (provoke; stim- 
ulate), -tativo, ADJ. : exciting; stimu- 
lating, -tatore, M., -tatri«e, P. : ex- 
citer ; instigator ; (electr.) excitator. -ta- 
zione, P.: excitation; excitement; stim- 

eccle-siaf [Gr. ek-klesia (kalein, call), 
assemblyt], P. : church, -siasticamen- 
te, ADV. : ecclesiastically, -siastioo, 
ADJ. : ecclesiastic(al) ; ecclesiastic person 

ec-clissamento, M. : eclipsing, -clis- 
sare, TR. : eclipse (obscure). H-clisse 
[L. -Zipsis (Gr. ek-lelpein, leave out)], 
M. : eclipse. 

ecco I [L. ecce, lo !], adv. : lo, behold, here 
(is, are), there (is, are) ; combines with 
pers. and demonstr. pron. . — mi (lo me ! 
here I am), — ci, — ti, — velo; — cief, 

eccot2 ^ eco. 

ec/teggiare [eco], INTR. : echo (resound). 

ec7iiii6t, M. : hedgehog (esp. sea-). 

ecftiof, M. : heart's-tongue (plant). 

eclettico [Gr. ek-lektikos (-legein, se- 
lect)], ADJ., M. : eclectic. 

ecliss. .f = eccliss. . 

eclittica [Gr. ek-leiptik6s (leipein, 

^leave)], P. : ecliptic. 

eco [Gr. echd], M., p. : echo. 

eco-nomato, M. : stewardship ; steward's 
oifice ; administration of ecclesiastical 
goods. Il-nomia [L. ceconomia (Gr. olkot, 
house, n6mos, rule)], P. : economy, -no- 
mioamente, adv. : economically, -no- 
mioo, ADJ. : eeonomic(al) ; frugal, -no- 


mista, pi. — ti, M.: economist (student of 
political economy), eod-nomo, m.: stew- 
ard ; manager ; economizer ; parsimonious 

eonleo [L. equus, horse], M. : rack (instru- 
ment of torture). 

ecumenioo [Gr. oikoumenikSs {-mine, 
'inhabited,' so. world)], adj.: ecumenic(al). 

ed = e, and. 

eda-«e [L. edax {edere, eat)], adj. : eat- 
ing (consuming) ; voracious. -«ita, P. : 

eddomadario [L. hebdomadarins (Gr. 
Mbdomos, SEVENth)], adj. : hebdomadal, 
-madary (weekly). 

ede-ma [Gr. oidema (pidetn, swell)], M. : 
cedema (tumour), -matioo, adj. : oedem- 
atous. -matoso, adj. : cedematose. 

Eden [Hob., 'garden'], M. : Eden. 

ede-ra [L. hedera], P. : ivy. -ra-eeo, 
adj. : of ivy. -roso, adj. : ivied (full of 

edicola [L. ledicula (cedes, temple)], P. : 
little chapel ; shrine ; cell ; kiosk. 

edifi-camentof, M.: building, -cante, 
ADJ. : edifying (upbuilding). ||-care [L. 
cedi-ficare (osdes, building, /acere, make)], 
TE. : build, build up, construct ; edify (up- 
build), -catat, P. : edifice, -cativof, 
ADJ. : upbuilding ; edifying, -cato, adj.: 
edified, -catore, M., -catri«e, P. : 
builder ; edifier. -catdrio, adj. : edify- 
ing, -cazione, F. : building ; edifica- 
tion (upbuilding), oditi-eio, -zio, M. : 
edifice (building ; structure). 

edi-le [L, cedilis (mdes, building)], M. : 
sedile (edile, Roman magistrate superin- 
tending public buildings, etc.) ; ADJ.f : of 
an sedile. -lita, F. : aedileship. -lizio, 
ADJ. : of an sedile. 

ddi-to [L. e-dere, give out], ADJ. : edited ; 
published, -tore, M., -trice, P. : editor, 

editto pj. e-dietum (dicere, say)], M. : 
edict (decree). 

edi-ziona«eia, ditp. of -zione. -zion- 
«iiia, disp. dim. of -zione. ||-zi6ne 
[L. -tio (e-dere, give out)], F. : edition; 

edrat = edera. 

educa - nda, F. : boarding-school miss. 
Iledaca-re [L. (ex, out, ducere, lead)], 
TK. : educate, -tivo, adj. : educating. 
-tore, M., -tri«e, F.: educator; instruct- 
or (teacher), -torio, M. : girls' school 
(female institute), -zione, P. : educa- 

ednliot, M. : relish ; victuals (eaten with 
bread) ; (Scotch) kitchen. 

efemeridef = effemeride. 

effabilef, ADJ. : effable (utterable). 

effe, p. : f (the letter). 



effemeride [Gr. ephlmeros (hemlra, day), 
F. : ephemeris. 

ef(f)eni(m)i-namento, M. : effeminacy. 
Il-nare [L./emina, woman], TR. : effemi- 
nate (weaken), -natamente, adv. : 
effeminately, -natezza, F.: effeminacy, 
-nato, ADJ.: effeminate (unmanly), -na- 
tore, M., -natriee, P. : effeminating. 

effe-ratamente, ADV. : inhumanly, -ra- 
tezza, P. : ferocity. ||-rato [L. -ratus 
(ferus, wild)], adj. : PEEOcious (inhuman, 
barbarous, cruel), -ritaf, F. : ferocity. 

efferve-scente [L. -scens (fervere, boil)], 
ADJ. : effervescent, -scdnza, F. : effer- 
vescence; fervor. 

effet-tivamente, ADJ. : effectively, in 
fact, -tivita, P. : effectiveness (effi- 
ciency) ; efficacy, -tivo, ADJ. : effective 
(efficient) ; real. ||effet-to [L. ef-fectus 
(facere, do)], M. : effect ; impression ; 
ware ; result (end) ; execution (accom- 
plishment) : recare ad — , carry out, ac- 
complish ; in — , in fact ; per — di, by 
reason (virtue) of ; per questo — , to that 
purpose, therefore, -tone, aug. of -to. 
-toret, M., -tri«et, P. : effector, agent ; 
actor, -tuale, ADJ. : effectual ; real. 
-tnalmente, ADV. : effectually ; really 
(in fact), -tuare, TE. : effect (accom- 
plish, carry out), -tnazione. P.: effect- 
ing; accomplishment (execution). 

e£S-ca«e, ADJ. : efficacious (effectual, po- 
tent). -ca«eiuente, ADV. : efficacious- 
ly, -caeia. P.: efficacy. -ca«issinia, 
ADJ. : very efficacious (most efficient). 
||-€iente [L. ef-ficiens (facere, do)], ADJ.: 
efficient ; effective (operative), -eienza, 
F. : efficiency, efficacy f. 

effi - gfamento, M. : image (likeness). 
-giare, TR. : image (represent). efK- 
g(i)e [h.-gies ijingere, feign)], F.: effigy; 
representation; aspect, -gietta, car. 
dim. of -gie. 

eSimero [cf. effemeride], adj. : ephem- 

efflorescenza \L. ef-florescere, bloom 
out], P. : efflorescence. 

ef-flnsso, M. : efflux (effusion). ||-flu- 
vio [L. -fiuvium (fluere, flow)], M. : ef- 
fluvium; exhalation. 

effon-dere [L. ef-fnndere], TR. : pour 
out (effuse, shed), -dimento, M. : ef- 

effrazione [frangere], F.-.ileg.) breaking 
into ; burglary. 

effrenat. .f = sfrenat. . 

effnmazione [L. -mare, pume], f. : fum- 
ing (reeking). 

effn-si, FEET, of effondere. -sion-eella, 
dim. of -sione. -sione, P. : effusion. 
||effn-sa, FART, of effondere. 

efimerof = " 



efod [Heb.], M. : ephod (high priest's gir- 

eforo [L. eph-orus (Gr. hordn, see)], M. : 
ephor (Spartan magistrate). 

egentef, ADJ. : needy, indigent. 

egestione [L. -tio (gerere, lead)], F. : 
e'gestion (evacuation ; excrements). 

egida. [L. cegida (Gr. aigis, goat-skin)], 
P. : aegis (shield ; protection). 

egira [fr. Ar.], F. : hegira. 

Egi-tto, M. : Egypt, -ziaco, M. : kind 
of ointment, -ziano, ADJ. : Egyptian. 
egi-zio, ADJ. : Egyptian. 

egli [L. ilk], pron. : he ; it. 

egliuo [egli], pron. : they. 

egloga [L. (Gr. ek-Mgein, pick out)], F. : 

ego-ismo [L. ego, I], M.: egotism (selfish- 
ness), -ista, pi. — ti, M., P.: egotist. 
-istico, ADJ. : egotistical (selfish). 

egramentet, ADV. : reluctantly. 

e - gregiamente, ADV. : egregiously. 
Il-gregio [L. e-gregius (grex, crowd)], 
ADJ. : egregious (uncommon). 

egresso \_-ssus (gradior, go)], M. : egress 

egritudinet, F. : infirmity (sickness). 
egro [L. <sger\, adj. : sick. 

egna^l. . ^ uguagl. . 

egnal. . = ugual. . 

eft or eft, efti, eftm [echoic], inteej. : 
ah ! ha ! so ! hallo I hem ! ahem I 

ei, for egli (pop. also for eglino). 

eiaf, INTERJ. : come ! courage ! 

eiacula-tore, -torio [L. -ri (jacere, 
throw)], ADJ. . ejaculatory. -zione, P. : 

elf, for egli, Ini, per il. 

elaf, INTERJ. : oh ! alas ! 

elabora-re [L. (labor, work)], TR. : elab- 
orate, -tezza, F. : elaborateness ; refine- 
ment, -zione, F. : elaboration. 

elargire, TR. : give liberally. 

elasti-eita, F. : elasticity. Helasti-co 
[Gr. eldunein, drive], adj. : elastic. 

ela-teria or us'ly -teridi [Gr. -terion 
{-tire, driver)], PL. : family elateridse (ela- 
ters, beetles), -terio or -tere, M. : power 
of expansion (elasticity). 

ela-tot, ADJ. ; elate (haughty), -zionef, 
F. : elation (haughtiness). 

elce [L. ilex], M. : holm-oak. 

eldorado [Sp. el dorado, 'the golden' 
land], M. : El Dorado (imaginary rich 

elefan-te [L. elephas], M. : elephant. 
-tesoo, ADJ. : elephantine, -tessa, F. : 
she-elephant, -tiaco, adj. : elephantine; 
elephantiac. - tiasi, F, : elephantiasis. 
-tino, M. : small (young) elephant ; adj. : 

ele-gaute [L. -gans (e-ligere, elect)], adj.: 


elegant; graceful. -gaiiteinente,ADV.: 
elegantly, -ganza, -ganziaf, F. : ele- 

eldg-gere [e-, I..], IRR. (cf. leggere); 
TR.: ELECT, choose, -gente, ADJ.: elect- 
ing. -giMle, ADJ. : ■ eligible. -giMli- 
ta, F.:' eligibility, -gimento, m'.: elec- 

ele-gia [L. (Gr. ilegos, plaint)], p. : elegy, 
-giaco, ADJ. : elegiac ; M. : elegiac poet. 
gi4tta, dim. of -gia. -gin-eeia, -ginz- 
za, disp. dim. of -gia. 

elei-son or -sdnme [Gr. eUeson, 'have 
mercy'], M. : 'eleeson' (part of the Mass 
or Litany). 

elembiccof = lambicco. 

elemen-talef = -tare, -tarei, ADJ.: 
elementary, -tarefz, TR. : compose of 
elements. - tario f, adj. : elementary. 
Ilelemen-to [L. -turn], M. : element. 

elemosi-na [Gr. eleemosHne (eleein, pity), 
charity], F. : alms (charity), -nare = 
limosinare. -nariof, M. : almoner. 
-niei-e (/. -niera), adj. : eleemosynary 
(charitable); M. (f.): almoner (alms-giver), 
-nuzza, dim, of -na. 

elenco [Gr. -ehos, control], M. : index 

elet-ta, P. : election (choice), -tiva- 
mente, ADV. : electively (by election) 
-tivo, ADJ. . elective. ||elet-to, part, 
of eleggere. -torale , adj. : electoral 
-torato, M. : electorate (electorship) 
-tore, M. : elector, -tri-ee, F. : eleo- 

elettovariof = elettuario. 

elet-tricamente, ADV.: electrically. 
-tri«isiuo, M. : electricity. -trieita.,F,; 
electricity, elet-trico, ADJ.: electric- 
(al). -trizzare, TR, : electrify, -tria- 
zatore, M., -trizzatri«e, F. : electri- 
fier. Ilelet-tro [Gr. Uektron, amber (the 
friction of which revealed electricity)], 
M, : amber ; electrO- (in many compounds, 
as) : -troforo, M. : electrophore, -tro- 
metro, M. : electrometer, etc. 

elettuario \L. -rium (? Gr. leiehein, 
lick)], m. : electuary (medicine). 

eleva-mento, M. : elevation. Heleva- 
re [L.], TR. : elevate (lift up ; raise); pro- 
mote; exalt, -tezza, p.: height (emi- 
nence), -'to, PART.: elevated, etc.; lofty, 
sublime. -t6re,M.: elevator; adj.: lifting. 
-zione, F. : elevation (raising ; height). 

ele-zionaref, TR. : elect. ||-zi6ne [L, 
-Clio (legere, choose)], P. : election (choice). 

eliaco [Gr. heliakos (Mlios, sun)], ADJ. : 

eli-ca or -eel [Gr. helix, 'twisted']. P.: 
helix (non-plane curve ; rim of the ear); 
screw (propeller) ; (astron.) Great Bear: 
scala a — , steep spiral staircase. 


61i-«et2 = eice. -«etot, M. : holm- 

e-li«oret, TR. : elicit, -licito, part. 
Eli-cona [Gr. Helikon], M. : Helicon 

(mount of Apollo and the Muses), -co- 

nio, ADJ. : Heliconian. 

elidere [L. (ladere, hurtj], IEE.§; TR. : 

elide ; suppress (annul, neutralize). 
§ Pret. eli-szj -se ; -sero. Part, eliso. 

elig. . = elegg. . 

eliiaina-re {L.{ex, limen, threshold)], TR. : 
eliminate, -nazione, F. : elimination. 

elimosin. . = elemosin. . 

elio- [Gr. Mlios, sun] : -metro, M. : heli- 
ometer. -scopio [Gr. skopein, examine], 
M. : helioscope, -tipia [Gr. tiipos, type], 
F. : heliotypy. -tropia [of. tropic]. P.: 
sort of heliotrope, -tropio [Gr. tropos, 
turn] , M. : heliotrope (turnsole ; blood- 

elisi, FRET, of elidere. 

Elisio, poet, for Eliso ; adj. : Elysian. 

elisione [elidere], F. : elision. 

eli-sir or -si(r)re [Ar. eliksir'], M.: elixir. 

Eliso [Gr. Elllsion], M. : Elysium. 

eliso, FART, of elidere. 

elitrop. . = eliotrop. . 

ella I [L. ilia], FRON. . she ; it. 

ellaf 2, F. : starwort. 

elle, name for Z, which see. 

elleboro [Gr. -ros], M. : hellebore (herb). 

elle-uico [Gr. Hellenes, Greeks], adj. : 
Hellenic, -nismo, M. : Hellenism, -ni- 
sta, M. : Hellenist (one versed in Greek). 

elleno [ella], PEON., F. : they. 

ellera [cf . edera], P. : ivy. 

ellif, for egli, eglino. 

el-lisse [Gr. -leipsis (leipein, leave)], f. : 
ellipse, -lissi, F. : elipsis (omission). 
-Utticamente, ADV.: eliptically, by 
omission, -littico, adj. : eliptic(al). 

el-matof, ADJ. : helmed, -metto, M. : 
dim. of -mo; helmet. Ilel-mo [Ger. 
helm], M. : HELM(et). 

elocnzione [L. -cutio], P. : elocution. 

elo-getto, dim. of -gio. -gf are, TR. ; eu- 
logize, -giatore, M.: eulbgizer. Helo- 
gfo [L.-g'ium (Gr. eU, vrell, legein, speak)], 
M.: eulogy, -gista, pi. — ti, M.: eulogist 
(writer of eulogies), -gistico, adj.: 

elo-qndnte [L. -qnens (loqui, speak)], 
ADJ. : eloquent, -quentemente, ADV. : 
eloquently, -quenza, P.: eloquence. 
elo-qnio, M. : (manner of) speaking, 
address ; discourse. 

el-8a [OGer. helsa], P., -sof, M. : hilt. 

elncabra-re [L., work out by lamplight 
(lux, light)], TR. : lucubrate; elaborate. 
-zione, P. : lucubration ; elaboration. 

e=lndere, IRR. ; TR. : elude, -ludente, 
ADJ. : eluding. -Insi, pret. -16so, fart. 



ema-ciamento, M. : emaciation. H-eia- 
re \L. (macer, lean, MEAGER)], TR. : ema- 
ciate ; KBFL. : emaciate (grow thin), -eia- 
zione, F. : emaciation (leanness). 

emana-re [L. (manare, flow)], intr. : 
emanate, flow ; TR. : send out (publish). 
-zione, P. : emanation ; promulgation. 

emancipa-re \h. (m-, transfer)], TR. : 
emancipate (a minor, etc.), free, -tore, 
M., -tri-ee, F. : emancipator, -zione, 
F. : emancipation. 

ematosi [Gr. haimdtosis (Jiaima, blood)], 
M. : hematosis. 

emble-ma [Gr. (.em-bdllein, throw in)], 
M. : emblem, -maticamente, ADV. : 
emblematically, -matico, ADJ.: em- 

embri-ce [L. imbrex (imber, rain)], M. : 
roof tile : scoprire «7i — , reveal a secret. 
-eiata, P. : blow of a tile. 

em-brione [Gr. -bruon (brilein, swell)], 
M. : embryo, -brionico, ADJ. : embry- 

emen-da,P.: emendation. -dabile,ADJ.: 
emendable (corrigible), -damento, M. : 
emendation. ||-dare [L. (menda, fault)], 
TR. : emend (amend, correct), -dativo, 
ADJ.: emendatory. -datore, M., -da- 
tri-ee, F. : emendator. -datorio, adj. : 
emendatory. -dazione, P. : emendation; 

e-mergente, ADJ.: emergent, -mer- 
genza, P. : emergency. || = mergere, 
IRE. ; TR. : emerge, rise up. 

emerito [L. -tus (merere, merit)], adj. : 
emeritus (honorably discharged). 

e-mersi, FRET, of -mergere. -mersione, 
p. : emersion. H-merso, part, of -mer- 

emetico [Gr. -hos (emein, vomit)], adj., 
M. : emetic. 

e=m.ettere, IRR. ; TE. : emit (give forth ; 
send forth), -messo, fart. 

emi= [Gr. hemi-, half] : -eiclo, M. : hemi- 
cycle. -crania [Gr. krdnion, skull], P. : 
(med.) hemicrania (megrim, migraine). 

emi-grare [L. (migrare, pass)], intr. : 
emigrate, -grato, part. : emigrated ; 
M. : emigrant (specif, political, as the 
French emigrants after the Revolution). 
-grazione, P. : emigration. 

emi-nente [L. -nens {-mere, stand out)], 
adj. : eminent (lofty), -nentem^nte, 
ADV. : eminently, -nentissimo, adj. : 
most eminent (title of cardinals), -nen- 
za, p. : eminence (elevation ; title of car- 

emi=plegia [Gr. plegS, stroke]. P.: hemi- 
plegia (palsy of one side), -sferico, 
ADJ. : hemispheric(al). -sfero, -sferiof 
[gphaira, ball], m. : hemisphere. 

emis-s^rio [L. -sarium (.mittere, send)], 



M. : emissary ; spy ; outlet, drain ; stal- 
lion, stone-horse, -sione, P. : emission; 
letting (of blood). 

emlsticMo [Gr. hemi-stichion, half-line], 
M. : hemistich. 

inaae, name of the letter m, which see. 

emolliente jL. -liens (mollire, soften)], 
ADJ., M. : emollient. 

emolnmento [L. -turn (e-moliri, bring 
out)], M. : emolument (pay). 

emo- [Gr. haima, blood]: -rragia [hreg- 
nUnai, burst], P. : hemorrhage, -rroi- 
dale, ADJ. : hemorrhoidal, -rroidi [Gr. 
hrein, flow], F. PL. : hemorrhoids, -ttisi 
[Gr. pHein, spit], P. : hemoptysis. -tt6i- 
oo, ADJ. : affected with hemoptysis. 

emozione [L. e-motio], P. : emotion. 

empetiggine [L. im-petigo (im-petere, 
attack)],' P. : impetigo (pustular eruption). 

empiamente [-pio], adv. : impiously. 

empiastr. .t = impiastr. . 

em-piente, FART. : filling. ||ein-piere 
= -pire. 

em-pieta, -piezza [-pid], P. : impiety. 

empimento [-pire], M. : filling up. 

empio [L. im-pius], adj. : impious, in- 

empire, or less com. -piere [L. im- 
plere], irr. (cf. compire); tk. : hll up; 


empireo [Gr. em-p4rios (pHr, fire), in 
fire, fiery], adj. : empyreal; m.: empyrean 
(supposed highest heaven of pure fire). 

empi-rioamente, ADV.: empirically. 
Ilempi-rioo [L. -ricus (Gr. peira, trial)], 
ADJ. : empiric(al). -rismo, M. : empir- 

empito, pop. for impeto. 

em-pito or -piuto, part, of empi(e)re. 

emporio [Gr. -rion (em-poros, "on the 
road," trader)], m : emporium (mart; 

emugn. .f = emung. . 

emu-lante, ADJ. : emulating ; emulous. 
Il-lare [L. wmulari], TK. : emulate (vie 
with), -latore, M., -latri-ee, P. : emu- 
lator (competitor), -lazione, P. : emu- 
lation (rivalry). 

e-mnlgdute, ADJ. : emulgent. ||-mal- 
geref [L. (mulgere, milk)] ; irk.§ ; te. : 
emulge (millc out); drain. 

§ Pret. emul-sif -se ; -sera. Part, etniilso. 
dmnlo \L. wmulus], adj. : emulous ; M. : 

competitor, rival. 
emulsione [emulgere], P. : emulsion, 
e = mnngeret, TR. : milk out ; drain. 
enarmonioo [Gr. -kos], ADJ. : enharmo- 

eneefa-lite, -litide [enkSphalos, brain], 

P.: encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). 
eno/iiridio [Gi. -cheiridion (cAeir, hand)], 

U. : manual. 


en«i-olica [Gr. enkHklos, 'circular'], p.; 
encyclic (esp. papal letter or circular). 
-dopedia [Gr. paideia, mstruction], p. : 
encyclopaedia, -clopedico, adj. : en- 
cyclop£edic(al). -clopedista, pL — ti, m. : 

enclitica [Gr. -klitikSs [klinein, lean)], 
ADJ., P. : enclitic. 

enco-miare, TR. : laud, praise, -mia- 
stef, M. : encomiast, -miastico, adj. : 
encomiastic(al). -miatore, M., -mia- 
trice, P.: encomiast (panegyrist). ||en- 
co-mio [Gr. -mion (komos, revel), festive 
song to Bacchus], M. : encomium (praise). 
eudet = indi. 

endecasillabo [Gr. Mndeka, eleven], 
M. : endecasyllable. 

eu-demia [Gr. (demos, people)], P. : en- 
demic, -demico, adj. : endemic(al). 
endi-caf, P. : magazine ; purchase ; fore- 
stalling, -cainolof, M. : f orestaller. -ca- 
ret, TR. : buy up, forestall. 
endiee [pop. for indice], M. : nest-egg ; 
dneof, ADJ. : of bronze. 
en-ergia [Gr. -ergeia (irgon, WORK)], P. : 
energy, -ergicamente, ADV. : ener- 
getically, -ergico, ADJ. : energetic(al). 
euergdmeno '[Gr. -goumenos (ergein, 
WORK)], ADJ. : possessed by an evil spirit; 
M. : energumen. 
enerv. . =; snerv. . 

en-fasi [Gr. emphasis (phainein, show)], 
P.: emphasis. -fatioamSnte, ADV.: 
emphatically, -fatico, adj. : emphat- 
en-fiagioii«ella, -fiagioneina, dim. 
of -fia'gione. -fiagfon'e, P. : inflation 
(swelling), -fiam'ento, M.: inflation; 
pridet. Il-fiare [L. in-flare (BLOW)], 
INTR. : INFLATE (swell, puff Up) ; TR.t : 
inflate; embolden, -fiato, PART.: swol- 
len, etc.; proudf. -fiatura. P.: infla- 
tion (swelling; pridet). -fiatnrina, 
dim. of -fiatura. -fiatdzzot, dim. of 
-Jiato. -fiazione t, P. : inflation (swell- 
ing; pride), en-fiot. adj.: swelling; 
swollen, -fiore, M. : inflation, swelling, 
enigm. .t = enimm. . 
enim-ma [Gr. alnigma (atnos, tale)], 
M. : enigma. -matioamente, ADV, : 
enigmatically, -matico, adj.: enigmat- 
enne, the letter n (which see). 
enne(a)- [Gr. ennea, nine] : -'gouo, M. : 
enneagon, etc. 
ennicot = etnico. 

enologia [Gr. oinos, wine], f. : science 
of wine-production. 
enor-me \L. -mis (norma, rule)], adj.: 
enormous, -memente, adv. : enormous- 
ly, -m^zza, -mita, P. : enormity. 


eusiforme [L. ensis, sword], ADJ. : (bot.) 

ante [L. ens (esse, be)], M. : being. 

en-terioo [Gr. Snteron, intestine], adj. : 
enteric (intestinal), -teritide, -terite, 
F. : (med.) enteritis. 

entitii [en£e], F. : entity ; importance. 

entd-mataf, F., ento-mot [Gr. in-to- 
mon (temein, cut), in-sect (as nearly cut 
in two)], M. : insect, -mologia, F. : en- 
tomology, -mologico, ADJ. : entomo- 
logic(al). -mologo, m. : entomologist. 

entragnaf, F., -gnof, M. : inside ; en- 
trails, (bowels) : di buona — , of good 

entram-lii, -bof [L.inier, between, ambo, 
both], ADJ. : both. 

en-tramento, M. : entrance, -trante, 
ADJ. : entering ; beginning ; penetrative, 
meddlesome ; m. : entrance ; beginning ; 
meddlesome person: il mese — , next 
month, -traro, intr. : enter ; begin ; 
penetrate; TR.f: enter, make enter; M. : 
entering, etc. : — in ballo, engage one's 
self ; — in bestia, fly into a passion ; — 
in parola, open a discourse ; — in santo, 
be churched (of women after childbirth). 
-trata, F. : entrance ; beginning ; pre- 
lude ; income ; rent. -trata««ia, disp. 
of -trata. -tratore, M. : enterer. -tra- 
tnra, F. : entrance ; access ; entrance fee ; 
familiarity : avere — eon, be familiar with. 
Ilen-tro [L. introj, adv., prep. : within. 
-tpo=inetteret, IRR. ; TR. : introduce. 

entnsi-asmare, TR. : make enthusiastic 
(enthuse).' H-asmo [Gr. enthousiasmos 
(the6s, god)], M. : enthusiasm. -4sta, pi. 
-asti, M.: enthusiast, -astico, ADJ.: en- 

enolaf, F. : starwort. 

ennmera-re [L.],TE.: enumerate, -zio- 
ne, P. : enumeration. 

ennn«la-Te [L. enuntiare (nuntio, mes- 
senger)], TR. : enunciate (express ; pro- 
nounce), -tivo, ADJ.: enunciative. -zio- 
no, F. : enunciation. 

ennnzia. . ^ enuncia. . 

enviaref, TR. : show the way. 

eof = io. 

eoof, ADJ. : eastern (morning). 

e-pa [? Gr. hepar, liver], P. : patmch (bel- 
ly), -paecfat, disp. of epa. fipa-tef, 
M.: liver, -patioaf. P.: liverwort, -pd- 
ticot, ADJ. : hepatic. 

epen-tesi [Gr. -thesis (epi, by, en-tithe- 
nai, put in)], F. : epenthesis (insertion). 
-tetico, ADJ. : epenthet^c(al). 

epi- [Gr. epi, upon, by], PREF. 

epicamente \.-eo\, ADV. : epically. 

epi=«iclo, M. : epicycle. 

epico [L. -cus (Gr. ipos, tale)], adj., M.: 

epnlone 159 

epior4-si [Gr. krdsis, mixture], f. : cure 
by refrigerants or lenitives, -tioamen- 
te, ADV.: now and then, at intervals, -'ti- 
co, ADJ.: applied (medicines) at intervals. 

epicnreo [philosopher Epicurus], adj. : 
Epicurean; M. : epicure. 

epi-demia [Gr. (epi-demos, 'among-peo- 
ple')], F. : epidemy. -demioo, adj.: ep- 

epidermide [Gr. -mis {dlrma, skin)]. P.: 

epifania [Gr. epi-phdnia, ap-pearance], 
P.: Epiphany (church festival, 6th of Jan.). 

epigastrioo [Gr. gaster, belly], ADJ.: epi- 

epi-grafe [Gr. -graphe {grdphein, write)], 
P. : epigraph (inscription), -grafia, P. : 
epigraphy, -grafioo, ADJ. : epigraphic- 
(al). -gra£ista, pi. — M, M.: epigraphist. 
-gramma, M. : epigram, -grammati- 
co, ADJ.: epigrammatic(al). -gram- 
metto, dim. of -gramma. 

epi-lessia [Gr.-lepsia (2ami({nem, take)], 
p. : epilepsy, -lettico, ADJ., M. : epileptic. 

epilo-gameutot, M. : epilogue, summary. 
-garef, TR. : sum up. -gazioncf, P. : 
epilogue, epilo-go [Gr. -gos (epi, after, 
legein, say)], M. : epilogue. 

epi-scopale, ADJ. : episcopal, -soopa- 
to, M. : bishopric, -scopio, M. : bishop- 
ric ; bishop's palace. Hepi-scopof [cf . 
vescovo], M. : BISHOP. 

epi-sodicamente, adv.: episodically. 
-sddico, ADJ.: episodical. ||-sddio [Gr. 
ep-eis-odos, ' by-in-way.'], p. : episode. 

epistilio [L. -Hum (Gr. stUlos, column)], 
M. : epistyle (architrave) 

episto-Ia [L. (Gr. stUlein, send)], P. : 
epistle ; letter, -lare, adj. : epistolary. 
-l^rio, M. : letter-book, -larmente, 
ADV. : in epistolary way. -letta, dim. of 

epitaf(f )io [Gr. -tdphios (tdphos, tomb)], 
M. : epitaph. 

epita-lamico, adj.: epithalamic. ||-la- 
mio [Gr. -Idmios (thdlamos, bride-cham- 
ber)], M. : epithalamium (nuptial song). 

epiteto [Gr.-<Aeios(<Ae-,put)], M.: epithet. 

epito-mare, TR. : epitomize, abridge. 
-matoref, M. : epitomizer, abridger. 
Ilepito-me [Gr. -mi (Umnein, cut)], M., 
F. : epitome. 

epoca [L. -chd\, P. : epoch (culminating 
point) ; period ; (pop.) time. 

ep-ddico, ADJ. : epodic. ||-6do [Gr. -odi 
(ode, song)], m. : epode (after-song). 

epo-pea, -peiaf [Gr. epo-poiia, epos- 
poem], F. : epopee (epopoeia). 

eppure [or e pure], CONJ. : nevertheless 

epu-lat [L. -lum], F. : feast. -lona«- 
«io, disp. of -lone. -16iie, M. : great 

160 epalonesoo 

feaster (luxurious feeder), -lon^sco, 
ADJ. : feasting, -lonismo, M. : exces- 
sive feasting. 

eqn- [L. ceqnui, equal] : -^liile, ADJ. : 
equable. -abilitajF.: equability, -abil- 
mente, ADV. : equably, -alef, ADJ. : 
equal, -alitaf, P. : equality, -amen- 
te, ADV.: equally (equably), -aminie 
[L. animus, soul], adj. : equanimous, just. 
-animita, F.: equanimity, -atore, M.: 
equator, -atoriale, adj. : equatorial. 
-azi6ne, F. : equation. 

eqnestre [-tris (equus, horse)], ADJ. : 

equi- [L. cBquus, equal] : -angolo, ADJ. : 
equiangular, -distante, ADJ. : equidis- 
tant, -distantemeute, ADV. : equidis- 
tantly. -distanza, P.: equidistance. 
-latero, ADJ. : equilateral; -librare, 
TK.: equilibrate (balance equally), -librio 
[L. libra, balance], M. : equilibrium, equi- 

equino [L. -nus], ADJ. : equine. 

equi-noziale, ADJ. : equinoctial. ||-n6- 
zio [L. -noetium (nox, night)], m. : equi- 

equi-paggiare, TK.: equip, fit out; man. 
Il-paggip [Pr. -page, ak. to Eng. skiff], 
M. : equipage (baggage); equipment (out- 
fit); crew. 

eqni- [of. above] : -parare, TE. : equal ; 
compare, -pollente [L. pollens, strong], 
ADJ. : equipollent (of equal power), -pol- 
lenza, P. : equipoUence. -ponderan- 
tef, ADJ. : of equal weight, -pondera- 
ref, INTK. : equiponderate (be of equal 
weight), -ta, P. : equity (justness). 

eqni-tare, INTR.: ride on horseback, -ta- 
zi6ne, P.: equitation (riding on horse- 
back). Ilequi-tef [L. eques (equus, 
horse)], M. : rider. 

eqni- [L- oequus, equal] : -valente, ADJ., 
M.: equivalent, -valentemente, ADV.: 
equivalently. -valenza, P. : equiva- 
lence. =valero, IRR. ; INTR. : be equiv- 
alent (be of equal value), -vocalef, 
ADJ. : equivocal, -vocamente, ADV. : 
equivocally, -vocamento, M. : ambi- 
guity, -vocare, INTR.: equivocate (mis- 
take), eqni-voco [L. vox, VOICE), ADJ. : 
equivocal (ambiguous); M.: misunderstand- 
ing, mistake : prendere — , be mistaken, 
misunderstand, -tocoso, adj. : ambig- 

eqno [L. aquus, equal], adj. : equitable 

era i , IMPERP. of essere. 

era 2 [1. L. (era], p. : era, epoch. 

eradic. .f = sradic. . 

er&rio [L. wrarium {ess, copper)], M. : 
public treasury (exchequer). 

er-ba \h. herba]. P.: herb (grass): mala 


— .weeds; —trastulla, procrastinating; 
in — , growing, young (e.g., dottore in — , 
one studying to become a doctor; man- 
giare il grano in — , consume anything by 
anticipation or before fully gotten posses- 
sion of). -ba€«ia, F.: disp. of -6a; weed. 
-ba«eo, adj.: herbaceous (grassy), -bag- 
gio, M. : esculent plants, pot herb's. 
-baio, M. : weedy place, -baiolo, M. : 
herbalist (gatherer or seller of herbs). 
-bale, ADJ.: herbaceous, grassy, -ba- 
rio, M.: herbarium, -bataf. P.: com in 
the blade, -bato, ADJ. : grassy, -bet- 
ta, -bi^-eiola, dim. of -ba. -bi-eina, 
-bina, F. : small esculent herb, -bivo- 
ro [L. vorare, eat], ADJ. : herbivorous. 
-bolaiof, M. : herbalist, -bolina, car. 
dim. of -ba. -boraref = -horizzdre. -bo- 
rista, M. : herborist (collector of herbs). 
-bbrizzare, INTR. : herborize (collect 
herbs), -borizzatore, M. : herborist. 
-bosetto, dim. of -boso. -boso, adj. : 
herbose (grassy, grass-covered), -bne- 
«ia, P. : disp. dim. of -ba; scanty grass. 
-bn«eina, dim. of -buceia. 

£r-cole, U. : Hercules, -colino, adj. : 
bow-legged, -cnleo, adj. : herculean. 

ere-daf ^ -(ie. -dare, TR. : Inherit. 
Ilere-de [L. heres], M., p.: heir, -dita, 
p., -ditaggiof, M. : heirship; heritage 
(inheritance), -ditare, TR. : inherit. 
-ditariamente, ADV. : by inheritance. 
-ditario, ADJ. : hereditary. -ditiSra, 
p. : rich heiress. 

ereggeref ^ erigere. 

ere-mita, pi. -miti, M.: hermit, -mitag- 
gio, M. : hermitage, -mitano, M.: soi-t 
of religious order, -mitico, ADJ. : her- 
mitic, solitary. Here-mo [Gr. Mremos, 
solitary], M. . hermitage'; lonely place. 

eresi-a [Gr. hairesis, taking for one's self, 
choice], F. : heresy, -area pi. -archi [Gr. 
archos, ruler], M. : heresiarch. 

eressi, PRBT. of erigere. 

eretaggio, M. : heritage. 

ereti-ca-e-eio, disp. of -co. -cale, ADJ.: 
heretical. -ca(l)inente, adv. : hereti- 
cally. ||ereti-co [L. hoereticus (cf. ere- 
sia)], ADJ. : heretic(al). 

ere-tto, part, of erigere ; ADJ. : ERECT 
(upright, straight), -ttore, M. : erector. 
-zione, P. : erection ; establishment (in- 

ergastolo [L. -tulum, WORKhouse], M. : 
prison, penitentiary. 

ergere [erigere], IRR.§; TR. : ERECT 

§ Pret. h-sz, -se ; -sero. Part. hrio. 

ergo [L.], CONJ. : ergo (therefore). 

e-rigenzaf, P. : erection ; establishment. 
Il-rigere [L.], IRR. (cf. dirigere); TR. : 
ERECT (raise ; construct). 



l^rma (L. herma (Gr. Hermes, Gr. deity)], 
p.: herma, hermes (small column with a 
Hermes-head, or other head), -frodito 
[L.-phroditus {Hermes, Aphrodite, in one 
body)], M. : hermaphrodite. 

ermellino [1. L. armellinus (.Armenia)], 


ermeneuti-oa [Gr. hermeneutike, inter- 
preting], P. : hermeneutics. -co, ADJ. : 

ermesinof = ermisino. 

er-metioamente, ADV.: hermetically. 
Il-metico [Gr. god Hermes, inventor of 
alchemy], ADJ. : hermetic(al). 

ermisino [island Ormus'i, M. : sarcenet. 

ermo [eremd], adj. : solitary ; M.f: her- 

er-nia [L. hernia], P. : hernia (rupture). 
-niaria, P.: rupturewort, -niario, 
ADJ.: hernial, -nioso, adj.: affected 
with hernia. 

e-rodentet, ADJ. : corrosive, -roderef 
= rodere. 

ero-e [L.keros],w.: hero, -essaf = -ina. 

ero-gabile, ADJ. : that can be bestowed 
or laid out. ||-gare [L. (rogare, ask)], 
TR. : appropriate (money), bestow (Bng.f 
erogate). -gazione, P. : bestowal (dis- 
posal, Eng.f erogatiou). 

ero-icamente, ADV.: heroically. -i«iz- 
• zare, TK. : make a hero of, lionize. 
Iloro-ico [eroe], ADJ. : heroic(al). -i=c6- 
mico, ADJ. : heroi-comic. - idef, M. : 
heroic person, -ina, P. : heroine. -i=sa- 
tirico, ADJ. : heroi-satiric. -ismo, M. : 

e=r6mpere, IRR. ; intr. : burst forth. 

ero-sione [L. -sio (rodere, gnaw)], P. : 
erosion (corrosion). -sivo,ADJ.: erosive, 

erotico [Gr. -k6s (iros, love)], adj. : erot- 

er-pete [Gr. herpes (herpein, creep)], M. : 
herpes (skin eruption), -petico, adj. : 

erpi-oamento, M. : harrowing ; clamber- 
ing f. -capo, TR. : harrow; clamberf. 
-catoiof, M. : net for quails, -catura, 
P.: harrowing. orpi-€o [L. hirpex], 
M. : harrow. 

er-rabondo, ADJ.: errant (vagrant). 
-ramento, M. : error, -rante, ADJ. : 
erring (roving); in error: cavalier e — , 
knight-errant. H-rare [L.], intr. : err 
(roam, wander); mistake, -rata or -ra- 
ta-odrrige, P.: errata (list of errors); 
for-ratef.' -ratamento, adv.: erratic- 
ally, -raticot, ADJ. : errant (roaming); 
erratic, -rato, PART. : erred, etc. ; mis- 
taken, confused. 

firre, P. : the letter r (which see) : perder 
V — , get confused ; be tipsy. 

er-ro [-rare],M. : vulg. for -rore. -ronea- 
mente, ADV. : erroneously, -roneita, 
p. : erroneousness (error), -roneo, -ro- 
uicot, ADJ. : erroneous ; rambling, -ro- 
ra««io, disp. of -rore. -rore, M. : error, 
mistake ; blunder, -roretto, -roru«- 
«io, dim. of -rore. 
drsi, FRET, of ergere. 
er-ta, F. :~ascent (acclivity); (.fig.) atten- 
tion, guard (as from a hill): stare all' — , 
be upon one's guard, keep a sharp lookout; 
all' — .' look out! challenge of sentinels; 
confortare i cani all' — , stir up one to 
something unpleasant, -tezza, P. : steep- 
ness. ||er-to [-gere], part. : erected ; 
ADJ. : steep ; arduous. 
erube-scentef, ADJ. : erubescent, -scen- 
z(i)at, P. : erubescence (blush). 
erdcaf, F. : rocket (plant); caterpillar. 
eru-dim.ento, M. : erudition; instruc- 
tion. Il-dire [L. (ex, rudis, rude)], tr. : 
instruct, teach, -ditamente, adv.: 
eruditely (learnedly), -dito, adj. : eru- 
dite (learned), -dizione, P. : erudition. 
e-rumperet ^ -rompere. -rutto, part. 
-rattare, TR. : erupt (eject) ; eruct 
(belch), -rnttazione. P.: eruption; 
eructation, -ruttivo, adj. : eruptive. 
-ruzione, P. : eruption ; efflorescence. 
esa«er-baiueiito, M. : exasperation, 
li-bare [L. ex-acerbare (asper, rough)], 
TR. : irritate, -bazione, P. : irritation. 
esacordo [Gr. hex. Six, chorde, string], 
M. : hexachord (old mus. instrument). 
esagera-re [L. ex-aggerare (aj-jer, heap)], 
M. :' exaggerate, -tivo, adj. : exagger- 
ative (exaggerated), -tore, M., -tri«e, 
p. : exaggerator. -zione, P. : exaggera- 

esagi - taref, TR. : agitate ; vex (tor- 
ment), -tazione, P. : agitation ; vexa- 
tion. _ 
es-agonato, ADJ. : hexagonal. ||-agono 
[Gr. hex, six, gonia, angle], M. : hexagon. 
esa-labile, ADJ.: exhalable; evaporable. 
-lamento, M. : exhalation ; recreationf, 
diversion t. ||-lare [L. ex-halare 
(breathe)], intr. : exhale, evaporate ; tr. : 
breathe out or forth, -lazione, F. : ex- 
halation ; evaporation. 
esaldiref = esaudire. 
esalof = esalazione. 
esal-tamento, M. : exaltation. ||-tare 
[L. ex-altare (altus, high)], TR. : exalt 
(magnify, extol), -tato, ADJ. : exalted ; 
excited, -tazione. P.: exaltation. 
esame I [L. ex-amen, weighing], M. : ex- 
amination (examen). 
esame 2 [L. ex-amen (.agmen, troop)], M. : 
swarm of bees. 
esametro [Gr. hexd-metros, ' six-metric*], 
ADJ.: hexametric(al); m. : hexameter. 



es4mi-na [esamei], -uanzaf, F.: exam- 
ination. -n4re, TB. : examine, -nante, 
ADJ. : examining, -nato, part. : exam- 
ined; person examined, -natore, M., 
-iiatri«e, F. : examiner, -nazione, F., 
-net, ^- '■ examination. 

esangue [L. sanguis, blood], AOJ. : blood- 

e^-animare, TR.: dishearten. H-animo 
\L. ex-animis (anima, soul)], adj. : soul- 
less, lifeless. 

esantema [Gr. ex-dnthema, 'out-bloom- 
ing'], P. : (med.) exanthema (eruption). 

esar-ca or -oof [Gr. ex-archos (drchein, 
rule)], M. : exarch; viceroy, -cato, M. : 

esaspe-ramento, M. : exasperation, 
li-rare [L. ex-asperare {asper, rough)], 
exasperate (provoke), -razione, F.: ex- 

esat-tamente, ADV. : exactly, -tezza, 
F. : exactness. ||esat-to [part, of esi- 
gere], ADJ.: exacted; exact (precise, 
accurate). -t6re, M. : tax-gatherer, col- 
lector, -toria, F. : collector's office. 

esau-dibile, ADJ. : grantable. -dimen- 
to, M. : hearing and granting. ||-dire 
[L. ex-audire (hear)], TR. : hear favorably 
and grant (grant), -ditore, M., -di- 
trice, F. : grantor, -dizionef, F. : 

esau-ribile, ADJ. : exhaustible. ||-rire 
[L. ex-haurire (draw water)], TR. : ex- 
haust (use up), -rito or esaa-sto, 
PART. : exhausted. 

es^antorare, TB. : exauthorize. 

esazione [esatto], F. : exaction. 

^3-ca [L. led-, eat)], f. : victualsf; bait 
(decoy); tinder, -caiolo, M. : tinder- 

esoande-scente [L. ex-candescens (can- 
deseere, glow)], adj. : kindling with wrath 
(flying into a passion); ilashing. -scen- 
za, P. : sudden wrath (violent passion, 

escandolaf, F. : (nav.) cabin. 

esoa-ra [Gr. eschdra}, P. : eschar, scab. 
-rotico, adj. : escharotic. 

escato [esca], M. : decoy-place; snare 
(allurement). ' 

esoavazione [L. ex-cavatio {cavare, 
hollow)], F. : excavation. 

esoJiettaf, dim. of esca. 

esc7tiot, M. : beech-tree. 

esciamef = sciame. 

esoidiof = eccidio. 

esc-imentof, -ire, -ita = usc-imento, 
-ire, -ita. 

esclama-re [L. ex-clamare\, TB. : ex- 
claim, -tivo, adj. : exclamatory, -zio- 
ne, F. : exclamation. 

es-oludente, ADJ.: excluding. ||-ola- 


dere [L. ex-cludere (close)], irk. (cf. 
accludere) ; TB. : exclude (except), -cln- 
si, PRET. of -cludere. -clnsione, p.: 
exclusion, -clnsiva, F. : exclusion ; ex- 
cluding vote (veto, at papal election). 
-clnsivamente, ADV. : exclusively. 
-clasivismo, M. : exclusiveness. -cln- 
sivo, ADJ. : exclusive, -dnso, part, of 
-cludere. -clusorio, adj. : exciusory. 
esco^i-tabile, ADJ. : devisable. ||-ta- 
re \L. ex-cogitare (think)], TB. : excogi- 
tate (think out, devise, contrive), -tati- 
vaf, P. : thinking faculty. 
escolpazionef, P. : exculpation. 
escomunic. .f = scomunic. . 
escoria-re [L. ex-coriare icorium, skin)], 
TB. : (med.) excoriate, abrade, -tivo, 
ADJ. : abrading, -zione, F. : excoriation. 
escre-mentizio, ADJ. : excrementitious. 
-mento [L. ex-erementum (cernere, sift)], 
M. : excrement. 
escrescenza [L. ex-crescere, grow out], 
P. : excrescence. 
escre-tore or -torio [L. ex-cernere (sift), 
excrete], adj. : excretory, -zione, F. : 
esculentof, ADJ. : esculent. 
escnrsione [L. ex-cursio {currere, run)], 
P. : excursion ; raid. 
escns. .f = sens. . 

esecra-bile, ADJ. : execrable, -bilita, i 
P. : execrableness. -bilmente, ADV. : 
execrably. ||esecra-re [L. ex-(s)ecrare 
(sacer, holy)], TR. : execrate, abhor, -zio- 
ne, F. : execration. 
esecn-tare [L. ex-sequere, follow opt], 
TR. : execute, -tivo, ADJ. : executive. 
-tore, M., -tri-ee, P. : executor, -trix ; 
executive ; executioner (hangman), -zio- 
ne, P. : execution. 
ese-gesi or -gesi [Gr. ex-egesis (dgein, 
lead)], p.: exegesis (interpretation), -ge- 
ta, pi. -geti, M.: exegete. -getico, ADJ.: 
ese-gnibile, ADJ. : executable (feasible). 
-gnimento, M. : execution. ||-guire 
[L. ex-sequi (follow)], TB. : execute (per- 
form), -guitoref, M. : executor. 
eseni-pi=grazia, ADV., P. : for instance, 
e. g. Ilesem-pio [L. ex-emplum (emere, 
take)], M. : example, -plare, ADJ. : ex- 
emplary ; M. : pattern (model) ; specimen 
(copy) ; TB.f : copy (imitate), -plarita, 
P. : exemplarity, exemplariness. -plar- 
mente, ADV. : exemplarily. -plativof, 
ADJ. : exemplary, -plificare, TR. : ex- 
emplify, -plificatamentef, ADV.: by 
way of example, -plificativo, ADJ.: 
exemplifying. -plificatoref, M. : ex- 
emplifier; copier, -plificazione, P.-: 
exemplification. -pli=gpazia ^ -pigra- 
zia. esem-plof = -pio. 


esen-tare, tr. : exempt ; excuse. Hesen- 
te [L. ex-emptum {emere, take)], ADJ. ; 
EXEMPT, -ziouaref, TE. : exempt, -zio- 
ne, F. : exemption. 

ese-qnia =:: -quie. -q-aialef, ADJ. : ex- 
equial, funeral, -qniaret, TR. : bury. 
Ilese-qnie \L. exequice (sequi, follow)], 
p. PL., -"qniot, M. : exequies (obsequies, 
funeral rites). 

esequiref = eseguire. 

eser-«ente, adj. : exercising (practicing) ; 
following (a profession). ||esep-«opot 
\L. ex-ercere (areere, shut up)], TR. : ex- 
ercise. -«ita'bile, adj. : exercisable. 
-eitamento, M.: exercise; effort. -«i- 
tare, TR. : exercise (practice ; train). 
-citativof, adj. : exercising, -eitato- 
re, M., -«itatri«e, F. : exerciser, -ci- 
tazione, F. : exercise. eser-«ito, M. : 
army ; host, -eizio, M. : exercise (prac- 
tice) ; pursuit ; theme : far V — , exercise ; 

oserod(it)aret, TE. : disinherit. 

es-ilire [L. ex-hibere (habere, have)], TR. : 
exhibit (present) ; refl. : offer one's self. 
-ibita, F. : exhibition, -ibitore, M. : 
exhibitor, -ibizione, P. : exhibition. 

esi-gente, ADJ. : exigent ; pretentious. 
-genza, P.: exigency. Ilesi-gero [L. 
ex-igere (agere, drive)], IRR. (part, esatto) ; 
TR. : EXACT (require peremptorily), -gi- 
bilo, ADJ.: that may be exacted, -gi- 
bilita, P. : capability of being exacted. 

esi^rlio ^. esilio. 

esigao [L. exiguus (ag-, weigh)], ADJ. : 
small (thin, exiguous). 

esila-rante, ADJ. : exhilarating. ||-ra- 
re [L. ex-hilarare (cheer)], te. : exhila- 
rate (cheer). 

esile or esile \L. exilis], ADJ. : slender, 

e-siliare, TR. : exile, banish, -siliato, 
PAET. : exiled ; m. : exile. ||-silio [L. 
ex-(s)ilium (solum, soil)], m. : exile ; ban- 
ishment : terra £ — , world. 

esilita [egiZe], F. : slendemess ; feeble- 

es-imere [L. ex-imere (emere, take)], 
IER.§ ; TR.: EXEMPT (free), -imio, adj. : 
select (excellent, Eng.f eximious) ; famous. 
§ Pret. esi-mii, -misti, etc. Part, eshnto. 

esis-tente, ADJ. : existing, -tenza, P. : 
existence. Hesis-tere [L. ex-(s)istere 
(stare, stand)], ' IRR. (Part, -tito); inte.: 
exist, -tito, PART, of -tere. 

esistim. . f ^ stim. . 

esitabilei [-fare 2], ADJ. : salable.^ 

esi-tabile 2, ADJ. : dubious, -tamentof, 
M. : hesitation, -tanza, P.: hesitancy, 
hesitation. ||-tare i [L. hasitare (hces-, 
stick)], INTR. : hesitate. 

eBitare2 [-to], TE. : turn out, retail, sell. 

espettazione 163 

esitazidne [-tare i], F. : hesitation. 

esi-to [L. ex-itus (i-, go)], M. : exit, issue; 
event; success; sale; denouement (of a 
drama). -zi41e, ADJ.: of fatal issue, 

esodo [L. ex-odus (Gr. hodSs, road)], m. : 

esofago p. L. -gns], M. : oesophagus. 

esonerare [L. ei-oraerare], TE.: exonerate. 

esorbi-tante, ADJ. : exorbitant, -tan- 
temente, ADV. : exorbitantly, -ti.11- 
za, P. : exorbitancy. Il-tare [L. ex-or- 
bitare (orbita, track)], INTR.: go beyond 
the limit (Eng.f exorbitate). 

esor-eismo [L. ex-oreismus (Gr. h6rkos, 
oath)], M. : exorcism, --eista, pi. — ti, M.: 
exorcist. -«istato, M. : third minor cler- 
ical order, -eizzare, TE. : exorcise. 

esor-diente, ADJ.: beginning; M.: begin- 
ner; debutant, esdr-dip, M.: exordium. 
II -dire [L. ex-ordiri], INTR. : begin. 

esorna-ref, TR. : adorn, -tivo, ADJ. : 

esor-tante, ADJ. : exhorting. Ij-tare 
[L. ex-kortari (excite)], TR. : exhort, -ta- 
tivo, ADJ. : exhortative, -tatore, M., 
-tatriee, F. : exhorter. -tatorio, adj.: 
exbortatory. -tazion-eella, dim. of 
-tazione. -tazione, P. : exhortation. 

esoso [L. ex-osus (odi, hate)], adj. : hate- 
ful, detestable. 

esoterico [Gr. -rik6s (Sso, within), inner]. 
ADJ. : esoteric(al). 

esotico [Gr. exotikos (exo, outside)], adj.. 

espan-deref [L. ex-pandere (spread)], 
IRE. (cf. spandere) ; TE. : expand, -sibile, 
adj. : expansible, -sibilita, F. : ex- 
pansibility, -sione, F. : expansion ; ef- 
fusive sentiment (confidential manifestsr 
tion of sentiments). 

espe-diente, ADJ.:expedient; fit (proper). 
Il-diref = spedire. -dit. .f = spedit. . 

espellere [L. ex-pellere (drive)], IRE.§ ; 
TE. : expel. 

§ Pret. reg. ; or esp^l-si, -se ; -sera. Part. 

espe-rienza, F. : experience ; experiment. 
-rienzn-e-eia, dim. of -rienza. -rimen- 
tale (us'ly sperimentale), ADJ. : experi- 
mental, -rimentare, TE. : experiment ; 
experience, -rimentatore, M. : exper- 
imenter, -rim^nto, M. : experiment; 
exhibition (proof); examination; expe- 
rience, jl-rire [L. ex-periri (per-ire, 
go through ) ], TE. : try. -rtamente, 
ADV. : expertly. esp6-rto, adj. : expert 

espet-tibilet, ADJ.: desirable, -tantef, 
ADJ. : expecting. ||-tAre [L. ex-(s)pec- 
tare], te. : expect (look for : us'ly aspet- 
tare). -tazi6ne, F. : expectation. 

164 espettorante 

espetto-rante, ADJ., M. : (med.) ex- 
pectorative. II -rare [L. ex-pectorare 
(pectus, breast)], tr. : expectorate, -ra- 
zioue, F. : expectoration. 

espia-re [L. ex-piare (pius, pious)], TR. : 
expiate (orig'ly by 'pious' rites), atone for 
(= spiare'li). -tore, M., -trice, F. : ex- 
piator. -t6rio, adj. : expiatory, -zioue, 
p. : expiation. 

espila-re [L. ex-pilare (rob)], TR. : ap- 
propriate unlawfully (things held in trust), 
swindle (rob), -tore, M., -trice, F.: swin- 
dler, -zioue, P. : swindling (robbery). 

espira-re [L. ex-is)pirare (breathe)], 
INTR. : breathe out (expire), -zione, r. : 

espletivo [L. ex-pktivus (plere, fill)], 
ADJ. : expletive. 

espli-cabile, ADJ.: explicable. ||-care 
[L. ex-plicare (fold)], TR. : explicate (ex- 
plain), -cativo, ADJ. : explicative, -ca- 
t6Te, M. : explicator ; explainer, -ca- 
zione, F. : explication (explanation). 
-eitamente, ADV. : explicitly, espli- 
«ito, ADJ. : explicit. 

es-plodente, ADJ. : exploding, -plo- 
dere [L. ex-plodere (clap)], IRR.§ ; TR. : 

§ Pret. esplb-si, -se ; sero. Part, esploso. 

esplora-re [L. ex-plorare (plo-, flow)], 
explore (search, sound), -tore, M., -trice, 
F. : explorer, -zione, P. : exploration. 

esplo-sione, P. : explosion, esplo-^i, 
PRET. of -dere. -sivo, adj.: explosive. 
espl6-so, PART, of -dere. 

espo-nente, ADJ. : exposing ; M. : expo- 
nent, espo-ngo, espo-ni, etc., PRBS. of 
-rre. -nibile, adj.: that maybe exposed. 
-nitore, M. : exposes. ||esp6-rre [L. 
exponere (put)], IRR. (cf. porre) ; TR. : EX- 
POSE ; risk ; represent ; relate ; explain 
(interpret) ; eefl. : expose one's self. 

esporta-re [L. ex-portare], TR. : export. 
-zione, F. : exportation. 

espo-si, PRET. of -rre. -sitivo, adj. : 
expositive (explaining), -sitore, M., -si- 
triee, P. : expositor (interpreter), -si- 
zione, P. : exposition ; explanation. 
||esp6-sto, PART, of -rre: exposed, etc. : 
fanciullo — , foundling. 

espres-samente, ADV.: expressly, -sio- 
ne, F. : expression, -siva, p. : expres- 
sion, force of expression, -sivamente, 
ADV. : express(ive)ly. -sivo, adj. : ex- 
pressive, espres-si, PRET. of esprimere. 
Ilesprds-so, part, of esprimere: ex- 
pressed, etc. ; express; explicit (precise); 
ADV.f: expressly. 

es-primente, adj. : expressing ; expres- 
sive, -primere [L. ex-primere (press)], 
IRR. (cf . comprimere) ; TR. : express ; de- 


esprob. .f = rimprover. . 

espropria-re [L. exproprius, own], tb. : 
expropriate, -zione, F. : expropriation. 

espu-£rna1iile,ADJ.: expugnable. H-flraa- 
re [h.~ ex-pugnare (pugna, fight)], TE.: 
expugn; take by assault, -frnatore, m,: 
expugner. -gnazione, P. : taking by 

espnl-si, PRET. of espellere. -sione, 
F. : expulsion, -sivo, adj. : expulsive. 
Ilespnl-so, PART, of espellere: expelled. 
-sore, M. : expeller. 

espnn-gere [L. ex-pungere (prick)], 
IRR. (cf.'pungere); TR. : expunge; cancel. 
espdn-si, PRET., -to, PART, of -gere. 

espnr-gabile, ADJ. . that may be expur- 
gated. Il-gare [L. ex-purgare (purge)], 
TR. : purge (clean) ; expurgate, -gatd- 
riot, ADJ. : cleansing, -gazionef, F. : 
purging; spitting. 

esquisi-t. .f = squisi-t. .; -toref, M. : 

esse, F. : s (the letter). Cf. also esso. 

essecr. .f, esseg. .f, essemp. .■f = 
esecr. ., etc. 

es-sendo, GER.: being: — cAeor-sendo- 
cft.e -e, CONJ.: inasmuch as (since), -son- 
te, ADJ.: existent (existing), -senza, F.: 
essence, -senziale, F. : essential ; M. : 
essential part, -senzialmente, ADV.: 
essentially. i|es-sere [L. esse\, IKR.§; 
INTR. : be (exist) ; become ; be about ; be- 
ing ; M. : being (existence) ; state (condi- 
tion): — per, be about, be near, be ready; 
— altrove, be absent, be inattentive ; — 
di sua signoria, be one's own master ; — 
fatto fare, — fatto it messere, be led by 
the nose ; — in si, be in one's senses ; es- 
serci per la sua, be concerned in it, have 
to do with it : che c'e? what's the matter? 
che e stato? what was the matter? s'io 
fossi in voi, if I were you ; sia pure, be it 
so ; — • per, be about, be near ; dar I' — , 
call into being, create. 

§ Ind. : Pres. sono, sH, i ; sidmo, sieie, sS- 
no. Impf . era {h-o), kri, era ; eravdmo, era- 
vdte, krano. ^i&i. /lii, /6sti,/u ; /iitnmo, 
ySste^furono. Fut. sarb. Cond. sarH. SubJ.: 
Pres. «(z, jr7, etc. Impf. yiiwi, etc. I've sit; 
siate. Part. : Pres. lacking. P. rf<i/o.— Poet, 
forms: Pres. 2. siH ; pi. sl-mo,-te,knno. (S.) 
sie ; sieno. Impf. ^ramo, kraie. (S.)yussi; 
b.fussero or fossimo. Fut. j,.fia otjle; 6. 
fiano. Cond. i., 3. saria otfdra: 6. saria- 
no ox forano. Pret. z.fusti, i.fiie; $./uste, 
b. /ur{n)o, fbro. Ger. shtdo. Part. suto. 

essi, PL. of esso. 

essi-cante, ADJ. : drying up. ||-oare 
[L. ex-sieeare (dry)], TR. : dry up (exsic- 

esso [L. ipse, self), pron. : this ; he (f. 
she), it. 

essoterico = esoterieo. 

est [Germ. = Eng. EAST], F. : «ast. 

esta t =: estate. 


estantet = essente. 

estasi [Gr. ek-stasis, 'ex-state' (being be- 
side one's self)], p. : ecstasy. 

estate [L. CBstas}, P. : summer. 

estatico [estasi], adj. : ecstatic. 

estempo-ralef ^ -rdneo. -raneamen- 
te, ADV. : extemporaneously, -raneo, 
ADJ. : extemporaneous. estempo - re 
or ex tempore [L. ex tempore, ' out of 
time'], ADV. : extempore. 

Bsten-dere [L. ex-tendere (stretch)], ire.; 
TR. : extend, -dibile =^ -sibile. -di- 
mento, M. : extension, -sibile, ADJ. : 
extensible, -sione, p. : extension, -si- 
vamente, ADV. : extensively, -sivo, 
ADJ.: extensive, -^sof ^ esteso. -sore, 
M. : extender ; (anat.) extensor ; compiler. 

estenua-re [L. ex-tenuare (thin)], tr. : 
extenuate; emaciate; impoverish, -ti- 
vo, ADJ. : emaciating, -zione, P. : ex- 
tenuation ; emaciation. 

esterio-re [L. exterior], adj. : exterior, 
external ; m. : exterior ; outward appear- 
ance, -pita, F. : outside, -rmente, 
ADV. : externally, outwardly. 

estermin. . = stermin. . 

ester-namente, ADV.: externally, -na- 
ref, TR. : manifest, ester-no, ADJ. : 
external (outward); foreignf; of yester- 
dayf: scolari -ni, day-scholars. ||este- 
p-o pj. exterus], ADJ. : external ; foreign 
(esp. of goods); m. : foreign countries : al- 
V — , abroad. 

esterrefatto [L. ex-terre-facere, terri-fy], 
ADJ. : terrified (frightened). 

estersivot, adj. : detersive (cleansing). 

es-tesamente, ADV. : extensively, -te- 
si, FRET., -teso, PART, of -tendere: ex- 
tended (enlarged). 

esteti-ca, P. : aesthetics. ||-co [Gr. ai- 
tf.hetik6s, perceptive], adj. : sesthetic(al). 

esti-maf = stima. -mabilef = stima- 
bile. II -mare [L. astimare], TR.: esteem. 
-mativat, P. : estimate ; fancy, -ma- 
zione, P. : esteem, regard, esti-mo, 
M. : appraisement, tax-register ; impostf, 

estin-gnere [L. ex-(s)tinguere (quench)], 
lER. (cf. distinguere); tr. : extinguish. 
-gnibile, ADJ. : extinguishable. -gni- 
mento, M. : extinction. -giiit6re, M. : 
extinguisher, estin-si, FRET, of -guere. 
-tivo, ADJ.: extinctive, estin-to, fart. 
of -tinguere. -zione, P. : extinction. 

estir-pamento, M. : extirpation. Ilpa- 
re [L. ex-(s)tirpare (stirpes, root)], te. : 
extirpate, -patore, M., -patpi«e, P. : 
extirpator, -pazione, P. : extirpation. 

estt-vo, -v&let [L. cestivus (oestas, sum- 
mer)], ADJ. : aeatival (summer-). 

estof = questo. 

eB-tbglieTef=-tollere. -toll6nz(i)at, 



p.: pride. ||-t611ere [L. ex-tollere (lift)], 
IRE. ; TR. : extol (exalt). -t61si, fret., 
-tolto, fart. 

es=t6r'eere or -torqueref [L. ex-tor- 
quere (twist)], IRR. ; TE. : extort (wrest). 

estdrref, IRR. ; TE. : take away ; except. 

es-torsi, pret. of -torcere. -torsione, 
P. : extorsion. -torto, paet. of -torcere. 

estragindieiale = stragiudiciale. 

es-traneamente, ADV. : extraneously. 
Il-traneo [L. extranens (extra, outside)], 
ADJ. : extraneous (foreign, strange) ; M. : 
stranger; foreigner. 

estraord. .f = straord. . 

es=trarre, IRR. ; TE. : extract, draw. 
-trassi, FEET, -tratto, PART. : ex- 
tracted ; M. : extract ; abridgment. 

estravag. .f = stravag. . 

estrazione [estrarre], P. : extraction. 

estre-mamente, ADV. : extremely, -mi- 
ta, p. : extremity, estre-mo [L. extre- 
mns], ADJ. : extreme, utmost ; m. : ex- 
tremity; (gen'ly pi.) point of death: es- 
sere alt' — or agli -mi or in extremis, be 
at the point of death ; fino all' — , until 
the last. 

estrinse-camente, ADJ. . extrinsically. 
-camento, M., -cazione, P. : the mak- 
ing extrinsical, estrinse-co [L. extrin- 
seeus (exter, outside, secus, beside)], ADJ. : 

e-stro [Gr. oistros, horsefly ; rage], M. : 
poetic rage or inspiration ; freak ; mar- 
tial furyf. -stroso, ADJ. : freakish. 

estruderef, IRR. ; TR. : extrude (expel). 

e-strueref, TR. : build up. -struttof, 


estn-antef, ADJ. : fervent. ||-aret [L. 
wstuare], intr. : estuate (boil up, swell). 
-ario, M. : estuary. 

estnrbaref, TR. : expel ; fling off. 

esnber-ante, ADJ. : exuberant, -ante- 
mente, ADV.: exuberantly, -anza, P.: 
exuberance. ||-are [L. ex-uberare (uber, 
udder)], intr. : exuberate, abound. 

esu-laf, P. : milk-thistle, -lare, TR. : go 
into exile. 

esnl-ee-ramento, M.:exulceration. ||-ra- 
re [L. ex-ulcerare], TE. : exulcerate. -ra- 
zione, P. : exulceration. 

esnle [L. exul], M. : voluntary exile. 

esul-tante, ADJ.: exulting, -tanza, P.: 
exultation. ||-tare [L. ex-(s)ultare (sa- 
tire, leap)], INTE. : exult (leap for joy). 
-tazione, P. : exultation. 

esnma-re [L. ex-humare (humus, soil)], 
TE. : exhume, -zione, P. : exhumation. 

esnripet, INTR. : be hungry. 

esustot, ADJ. : burnt ; consumed. 

et = ette. 

eta [L. wtas]. P.: AGE; epoch (generation, 



4-tere or -terat [L. aether (root aith-, 
burn)], M.: ether, -tepoo, adj.: ethereal. 
-torico, ADJ.: ethereous. -terio:=-iJ- 
reo. -terizzare, TR. : etherize. 

eter-nalet = -no. -nal(e)iiientet, 
-namente, ADV. : eternally, -nare, 
TR. : eternize, -nita, p.: eternity. ||et6r- 
no [L. aternus], adj. : eternal ; adv. : 
eternally ; m. : eternal ; time everlasting : 
ab — , from time immemorial; in — , 
forever; V — , the Eternal, God; mai in 
— , never. 

etero- [Gr. Mteros, other] : -'clito [Gr. 
klinein, bend], adj. : heteroclitic (irregu- 
lar), -dossia [see next], P. : heterodoxy. 
-dosso [Gr. doxa, opinion], adj. : hetero- 
dox, -geneita [see next], P. : hetero- 
geneity." -geneo [Gr. jenos, KIND], adj.: 

e-tesia [L. -sice (Gr. Uos, year)], P. PL. : 
trade winds, -tesio, adj. : etesian (pe- 

etica i-c6], F. : ethics ; also P. of -co. 
-mente, ADV.: ethically. 

eticTietta [Fr. Uiquette (1. Ger. stikke, 
stick, tack affixed as a label)], p. : label ; 
etiquette (ceremony). 

etico I [Gr. ethikds (ethos, custom)], adj. : 

etico 2 [Gr. hektikos (Mxis, habit)], adj. : 
heotic(al) ; M. : hectic. 

etimo [Gr. itumos, true], M. : etymon. 
-logia, F. : etymology, -logicamente, 
ADV. : etymologically. -logioo, adj. : 
etymological, -logista, pi. -^ti, M. : ety- 
mologist, -logizzare, INTR. : etymolo- 

etiologia [Gr. aitio-logia, ' cause-descrip- 
tion'], p.: aetiology. 

dt-nico [Gr. ethnikos (ethnos, people)], 
adj. : ethnic(al) ; paganf ; m. pl. : pagan 
writers. -nograiKa, F. : ethnography. 
-nograBco, ADJ.: ethnographic(al). -no- 
grafo, M. : ethnograph. 

6tpat, F. : ether ; air. 

ettagono [Gr. heptd, seven, gonia, angle], 
M. : heptagon. 

ette [L. et, and], M. : mere trifle. 

ettolitro [Gr. he-katon, ' HUNDred,' litra, 
measure], M. : hectolitre. 

eu- [Gr. eH-, well] : -carestia or -cari- 
stia [Gr. chdris, grace, thanks]. P.: eucha- 
rist ; communion, -caristico, adj. : 
eucharistic(al). -femi^mo [Gt. phdnai, 
speak], M. : euphemism, -fonia [Gr. pho- 
nl, sound], p. : euphony, -fonioo, adj. : 

ennnoo [Gr. eune, bed, echein, keep], M. : 
eunuch (in the Orient having charge of 
the women's apartments). 

en-rimmia, -ritniia [Gr. eu-, well, hruth- 
m,6s, rhythm], p. : eurythmy, symmetry. 


evacna-mento, M. : evacuation. ||-'re 
[L.], TR. : evacuate, -zioneella, dim. 
of -zione. -zione, F. : evacuation. 

evadere [L. e-vadere (go)], lER. (cf. invor 
dere) ; INTR. : evade (escape). 

evag. .t = svag. . 

evan-gelicamente, ADV. : evangelical- 
ly, -gelico, adj.: evangelical. -gel(i)o 
[Gr. eu-angelion, 'good -message"'], M. : 
gospel (evangel), -^elista, pl. -gelisti, 
evangelist, -gelizzare, TR.: evangelize. 

evapo-rabile, ADJ. : evaporable. -ra- 
mento, M. : evaporation. ||-rare [L.j, 
TR. : evaporate ; vanish, -rativo, adj.: 
evaporative, -zione, F. : evaporation. 

eva-si, PRET., eva-so, PART, of -dere, 
-sione, F.: evasion, -sivamente, adv.: 
evasively, -sivo, adj. : evasive. 

evelleref = svellere. 

even-imentof, even-to [L. -tus{venire, 
come)], m. : event, -tnale, adj. : eventu- 
al, -tualita, F. : eventuality. 

e-versionef, F. : overthrow, -vfirsof, 
ADJ. : opposed, -versoref, M. : over- 
thrower (destroyer). 

evi-dente [L. e-videns (videre, see)], ADJ.: 
evident ; clear, -dentemente, adv. : 
evidently, -denza, p. : evidence ; clear- 

e=vin€eret, IRR. ; TR. : vindicate. 

evira-re [L. (vir, man)], TR. : emascu- 
late (Eng.t evirate), -zione, F. : emas- 

evi-tabile, adj.: evitable (avoidable). 
II -tare [L. (vitare, shun)], TR. : AVOID; 
escape, -tazionef, P. : avoiding. 

evizione [L. e-viclio], F. : eviction. 

evo [L. cevnni], M. : age, time. 

evoca-re [L.], TR. : evoke (conjure). 
-zione, F. : evocation. 

evoe [L. euoe (Gr. eaoi)], interj. : euoe! 
(exclamation in honour of Bacchus). 

evolnzione [L. -lutio'], F. : evolution. 

evviva [e mva\, interj. : long live ! hail ! 

ex [L.], PREF. : ex, ex- ; by : — prof esse, 
by profession ; — proposito, on purpose, 
designedly, -ti-emis, essere in — , be 
in agony ; be dying. 

eziandio [L. etiam, also, It. dio], adv. : 
even, yet, also : — che, although, however. 

f iffe \L.l M., F. : f (the letter). 

fa pj. fa-muli, in a hymn], M. : fa (mus. 

fabbri-ca [L. fabrica (cf . fabbro)], F. : 

fabric (building); PACTory; manufactory. 

-cabile, ADJ. : that can be built, -oa- 

mento, M. : building (fabric, structure). 


-oiiiite, M. : manufacturer, -oare, tr. : 
build (construct); make (manufacture). 
-oato, ADJ. : built ; M. : building, -oa- 
tore, M., -oatri«e, P. : manufacturer. 
-catorio, ABJ.: manufacturing. -oazi6- 
ne, F. : fabrication. -cTietta, dim. of 
-CO. -eiere, M. : workman (operative) ; 
(eccl.) administrator; makerf. -cone, 
aug. of -ca. -on.««ia, disp. of -co. fab- 
bri-le, ADJ. : fabrile. 
fabbro [L. /after (root/oc, do)],M. : black- 
smith; inventorf. 
fabnl-t :=favol-. 
fa««ell-t =faeell-i. 
fa«een-da ^.facienda (facere, do)], F. : 
business (afFAm). -deriaf, F. : house- 
work ; fussiness. -dettaf, dim. of fac- 
eenda. -diera, P., -diepe, M. : busy- 
body, intriguer, -dina, -dola, dim. of 
faccenda. -dona, P., -done, M. : busy 
person, -dosof, adj. : busy (bustling). 
-dn-ece, -dd-ecia, disp. of faceenda. 
-dn61a = -dola. fac«en-te ^^facente. 
faeeet-ta [dim. of /accia], P.: small face; 
facet, -tare, TR. : facet, -tato, ADJ. : 
faceted, -tina, dim. of f accia. 
faco/ti-na^-eio, disp. of facchino. -nag- 
g(o, M.: custom-house porter's fee. 
-nata = -neria,. -neggiare, inte. : 
work as porter, -neria, p'. : porter's act 
or word; rude act or word (rudeness). 
-nesco, ADJ. : porter-like. ||facc7i.i-no 
[?], M. : porter ; rude fellow. 
fae-eia \h. fades, face], P.: pace ; appear- 
ance; outside; page; impudence; wallf: 
voltar — , change sides ; non guardark in 
— nessuno, be impartial; far — , gruw 
impudent, dare ; a — fresca, without get- 
ting disturbed ; di — , opposite. -«ia«- 
•cia, disp. of -via: fare una — , be hu- 
miliated, -eiale = -iale. -eiata, F. : 
fagade ; page, -eio, PRES. of fa{ce)re. 
-eiola, P. : magistrate's collar (with pen- 
dent starched slips in front) ; eighth part 
of sheet of paperf. -ciona, -eidne, aug. 
of -cia. -einoitif =: -ciola. fac-efi 
= -cia. 

fa'ee2 [L. fax, torch], F. : torch; lightf. 
-eellat, -eellina, dim. of -ee. 
far-ednte, ADJ. : doing ; busy ; (= confa- 
eenie) fit (proper). ||fa-«epet =/are. 
for-eetamente, ADV. : humorously, FA- 
CETiously. -«etare, intk. : jest, be fa- 
cetious. ||-«eto [L. -cetus], ADJ. : face- 
tious (Eng-t PACETE, humorous), -cezia, 
F. : facetious saying (waggery), -eezio- 
la, dim. of -cezia. 
faeial-e [L. fades, face], ADJ. : facial. 
-mentef, ADV. : face to face. 
faeidanno [faeere, danno], M. : rural 
thief; knave. 
faei-le [L. -lis], adj.: facile (easy); con 



venient ; probable : uomo — ; good-natured 
man. -lino, dim. of -le. -lita, p. : 
facility, -litare, TR. : facilitate (make 
easy), -litazione, P. : facility ; reduc- 
tion in price. -Imento, adv. : easily. 
-lone, ADJ. : aug. of -le; ready to yield. 
fa«i-nialet, M. : mischievous fellow. 
-mentof, M. : doing (performance), fa- 
«i-molat, p., -molof, M. : sorcery, -no- 
roso, ADJ. : addicted to violence, outra- 
geous, -toiot, ADJ. : PBASible. ||-t6re, 
M., -tri«e [facere], p.: maker, factor, 
agent, -tdrat ^fattura. 
faoolat, F. : small torch. 
facol-ta [L.facultas], P. : faculty (power); 
PL.: goods, riches, -tativo, adj.: in one's 
power ; optional, -toso, ADJ. : wealthy. 
fa-oondamente, ADV.: eloquently. 
■ -condia, F. : eloquence (fluency), -oon- 
didsot, ADJ. : eloquent (fluent), -condi- 
taf, etc. = -condia, etc. ||-c6ndo [L. 
-cundus (fari, speak)], adj. : eloquent. 
facsimile = fassimile. 
factotnm ^fattotum. 
facult. .f = facolt. . 
fadof, ADJ. : insipid. 

fag-geta, P., -geto, M. : beech-grove. 
Il-gio [L. -us], M.': BEECH-tree. -giola, 
-ginolat, P. : beech-nut. 
fagia-na, P. of -no. -naia, P. : pheas- 
aritry. -no [Gr. phasiands (Phdsis, river)], 
M. : PHEASANT, -notto, dim. of -710. 
fagio-lata, P. : mess of beans ; silliness. 
-letto, car. dim. of -lo. -lino, dim. of 
-lo. ||fagi(u)6-lo [L. phaseolus], M. : 
kidney-bean; blockhead. 
fa-gliare, TR. : discard (at cards) ll-grlio 
[Sp./oZZo, FAlLure], m.: discard (at cards). 
faj/n-of, adj.: dissembling (cunning but 
pretending awkwardness), -onef, aug. 
fa-gottino, dim. of -gotto. -gottista, 
M. : bassoon-player. ||-g6tto [?], M. : 
bundle ; (mus.) bassoon : far — , pack up ; 
die. -gottone, aug. of -gotto. 
faina [?], P. : polecat. 
falange lGT.phdlanx],F.: phalanx; great 
number ; digital bone. 
falarica [L.], P. : heavy dart. 
falasco, M. : bog grass. 
fal-caref, TR. : bend over. -castrot,M.: 
bill-hook, -cato, ADJ.: with a scythe. 
-catoret, M. : -catrieef. P.: armed 
with scythes. Il-ce \h. falx], p. : sickle, 
scythe, -eetto, dim. of -ee. -eiare, 
TB. : mow. -eiata,, P. : scjrthe-cut. -«ia- 
tore, M., -«iatpi-ee, P. : reaper, mower., 
-«fatdra, F. : mowing time, -ciferot, 
ADJ. : armed with a scythe. 
fal-«inello [falco], M. : speckled magpie. 
fal-eino, -eiolo [falce],M.: grass-sickle. 
-«{6ne, M. : large forage cutter mounted 
on a bench. 



fal-co [1. L.], M. : falcon : i un — , he's a 
daring one. - conaref, INTR. : hawk. 
-ooii«ello, dim. of -cone, -cone, M. : 
aug. of -co ; hawk ; (mii.f) falconet (small 
cannon), -coneriaf, F. : hawk-training. 
-oonetto, M. : falconet, -coniere, M. : 

fal-da [OHG./fflM], P. : FOLD, plait; stra- 
tum; flake (of snow); streamer (of flame); 
tail (of dress-coat) ; dress-coat ; brim (of 
hat) ; base (of mountain) ; loin (of beef) : 
a — a — t, little by little ; di — in — f. 
everywhere, -dataf, F. : quantity of 
plaits ; lint, -della, F. : lint, salved band- 
age ; ten pounds of woolf; cheatf. -del- 
lataf, -dellinaf, F. : small plait, lint. 

- dellato, ADJ. : plaited (folded) ; made 
into lint. -Aiglia,, F. : hoop-petticoat. 
-dino, M. : (iron.) short -skirted coat; 
scant coat, -distoro [OHG. falt-gtuol], 
-distdriot, M. : (eecl.) bishop's chair. 
-dolina, dim. of -da. -dona, -done, 
aug. of -da. -doso, adj.: folded, folding. 

fale£rname [fare, legname], M. . car- 
penter; j&iner. 

falena [Gr. phdlaina], F. : moth ; ashes 
(on burning coal; of paper); puflball; 
flighty person. 

falere [Gr. phdlaraj, F. PL. : metal cor- 

falerno [mount Falernus, Italy], M. : Fa- 
lernian wine. 

falimbellot, M. : unsteady fellow. 

fal-la, F. : leak (in ship) ; FAULTf. -la- 
bilef, ADJ.: deceitful. -la«e, adj.: fal- 
lacious (deceitful) ; disappointing, -la- 
«enientet, ADV. : fallaciously (deceit- 
fully), -laeia, P. : fallacy (deceit ; 
sophistry ; error) ; trick, -lantef, ADJ. : 
failing ; deceitful, -lanzaf, P. : error ; 
defect, -lare, INTR.: be mistaken; FAlLf 
(miss) ; sin (err), -latoref, M., -la- 
tri«e,t F. : transgressor, -lentef, adj. : 
failing ; missing, etc. -lenzaf = -lanza. 
-libile, ADJ. : fallible, -ibilita, F. : 
fallibility, -ligionef ^ -lo. -limento, 
M. : failure; 'bankruptcy. ||-lire [L. 
fallere], INTR. : fail, mistake ; want ; go 
bankrupt ; sinf ; TR. : miss (blow, shot) ; 
omit (in copying)t; err ; deceive ; offend ; 
M.f : error, fault, -lito, adj. : failed : 

— di mentef, insane ; imbecile ; M. : bank- 
rupt, -litorefj M. : transgressor, -lo, 
M. : FAULT, error ; miss : senza — , with- 
out fa;il. -loref, -lura = -lo. 

falo [? Gr. phalos, shining], M. : bonfire : 
fare un — , waste a fortune quickly. 

falop-pa [?], F. : unfinished cocoon ; ly- 
ing braggart, -pone, aug. of -pa. 

fa-lotieft-eriaf, P. : extravagance ; fan- 
tasticalness. -loticof, adj. : extrava- 
gant (eccentrie). 


falpala [Fr. falbala], M. : FURBELOW. 
fal-samente, ADV. : falsely, -samento, 
M.: falsehood. -sa=moueto, m., invab.: 

counterfeiter (of money), -sardaf, F.: 
sorceress, -sardof, M. : sorcer. -sare, 
TR. : falsify, counterfeit ; alter ; violatef ; 
deceive f. -sa=redine, F. : false-rein. 
-sa=riga, F. : ruled sheet to put under 
unruled paper, -sario, adj.: falsifying; 
M. : forger ; counterfeiter, -satore, M., 
-satri«e, P. : falsifier ; counterfeiter. 
-satura, P. : insertion (lady's dress), -seg- 
giaret, TR. : falsify, -setto, M. : fal- 
setto, -sidicof, ADJ. : false-speaking. 
-sificabile, ADJ. : falsifiable. -sifica- 
mento, M. : falsification ; counterfeiting 
(forgery), -sificare, TR. : falsify; coun- 
terfeit; show to be falsef. -sificato, 
ADJ. : falsified, -sificatore, M.,-sifi- 
catri«e. P.: falsifier. -sificazi6ne,F.: 
falsification, -sita, P. : falsity ; lie ; im- 
posture. II -so [L. -sus], ADJ. : false (de- 
ceitful ; lying) ; counterfeit ; adv.: falsely; 
M. : falsehood, -snraf = -sitd. 

fal-taf, F. : fault ; want (need), -taref, 
INTR. : want (lack). 

fa-ma [L. (fari, speak)], p. : fame (rep- 
utation), -maref, TE. : divulge. 

fa-me [L. -mes], F. : hunger ; craving 
(eagerness) ; famine (dearth) : avere — , 
be hungry, long for. -melico, ADJ.: 
famished; hungry. 

famigerato [fama], ADJ. : notorious ; fa- 
mous' (in bad way). 

tenni-glia. [L. -lia], P.: family; house- 
hold. -£rliaeeia, disp. of -glia. -gliar. . 
= -miliar. . faml-grlio, M.: bailiff (ser- 
geant) ; servant, -glibla, disp. dim. of 
-glia. -glioaa,, p.: aug. of -glia (nume- 
rous; rich; powerful), -jrlinolat = -^Ho- 
la. -liare, ADJ.: familiar (intimate); M.: 
intimatef; servant, -liarita. P.: famil- 
iarity, -liarizzare, EEPL. : become fa- 
miliar, -liarmente, ADV. : familiarly. 

fa-mosamente, ADV. : famously ; noto- 
riously, -mositat, P. : fame ; renown. 
Il-moso [famal, adj. : famous; splendid: 
libello — , defamatory pamphlet. 

fa-mne-eia, p. : joe. dim. of fame; small 
appetite, -mnlentof, ADJ. : famished. 

fana-le [Gr. phanos, lantern], M. : light- 
house, lantern or tower ; street-lamp ; car- 
riage-lamp; lamp for illuminations, -let- 
to, dim. of -le. 

fana-tico [L. -ticus, inspired (fanum, 
temple)], adj. : fanatic ; M. : fanatic, -ti- 
smo, M. : fanaticism. -tizzare, TR. : 
make fanatic. 

fan«el. . ^fanciul. . 

fan«idl-la, F. . girl, -la-ecto, disp. of 
-lo. -laggine, F. : childishness, -laiat, 
p. : troop 'of boys and girls, -leggiare, 


DJTB. : be childish, -leriaf = -laggine. 
-lesoa, -lescamente, ADV.: childishly. 
-lesco, ADJ. : childish, -letta, P. : lit- 
tle gurl. -letto, M. : little boy. -lezza, 
F. : childhood; childishness, -lino, car. 
dim. of -lo. ||faii«ial-lo [/ante], M. : 
yonng child, boy. -lone, aug. of -lo. 
-Inzzo ^ -lino. 

fando-nia [Fr. fantome, phantom], F. : 
bragging lie; fable, -niona, F., -nio- 
ne, U. : bragging liar. 

fanello [?], M. : linnet. 

fanfaleccof, M. : childish, affected ac- 

fanfalnca [[.h-famfaluca (Gt. pompho- 
luka, bubble)], F. : fable (idle story) ; tri- 
fle (gewgaw) ; sparkf. 

fan-fano [?], M. : malicious babbler. 
-fara, F. : band (of music), -farona- 
ta, P. : braggardism (boasting), -faro- 
ne, M. : braggart, fan-fera : a — , by 
chance, -ferinaf, F. : joke. 

fan-ga [Goth, fani], F. : soft mud, mire. 
-gaeeio, pop. of -go. -gaia, P. : mud- 
dy street, -gatnra, F. : (med.) mud- 
bath. sJii^ieio, dim. of -go. -ghi- 
glia, P., dim. of -go: mud in grinder's 
trough, -go, M. : mud, (Jig.) slime (of 
vice) : uscir del — , get out of a scrape ; 
far — d'una cosa, misuse, -gosita, F. : 
muddiness. -goso, adj. : muddy. 

fangottot =^ fagotto. 

fannl-lona. P., -lone [fare, nulla], M. : 

fan-ta-e-eiaf, F. : disp. of -te; scullion. 
||-tae«ino [/ante], -M. : (joe.) private 
infantry soldier, -taio t> M. : lover of 

fan-tasia, p. : fancy, imagination ; ca- 
price, whim ; (mus.) fantasia : a — , at 
pleasure ; di — , improvising, -tasia-c- 
-eia, disp. of -tasia. -tasima, M. : (pop.) 
phantom (spectre), -tasioso, ADJ. : ca- 
pricious. -tasin««{a, disp. dim. of 
-tasia. Il-tasma [Gr. phdntasma, appa- 
rition (phainein, appear)], M. : fancy 
(conceit, imagining) ; phantom (ghost). 
-tasmagoria [Gr. ageirein, gather], p. : 
phantasmagoria, -tasmagorico, ADJ. : 
phantasmagorical. -tasticaggine, P. : 
fantasy, whim, -tasticameirte, ADV. : 
fantastically (visionarily ; oddly), -ta- 
sticare, INTR. : build air-castles ; fancy 
(imagine ; devise), -tasticatoref, M. : 
muser (imaginer). -tastic/^e^ia, P. : 
fancy. -tasticTietto, car. dim. of -ta- 
stico. -tastico, ADJ. : fantastic (vision- 
ary, odd ; whimsical) ; M. : whimsical per- 
son, -tasticona, F., -tasticone, M. : 
visionary (dreamer). 

fan-tel [L. infans, child], M. : infantry 
soldier; knave (at cards); ridiculous bul- 



ly; servantt. -te2, p.: servant-maid. 
-teggiaref, INTE. : serve, wait upon. 
-teria, p. : infantry, -tesca, F. : ser- 
vant-maid. -ti«ellat, P., -ti«ellot, 
M.: (dim.) servant, -ti-einof, -tiginof, 
M. : little boy ; baby, -tilitaf, p. : in- 
fancy ; childishness, -tineriaf, F. : mal- 
ice ; cunning, trick, -tinezzaf , p. : in- 
fancy, -tino, M. : jockey; crafty man; 
little boyt. -to€-ef ata, p. : silliness ; 
puppet-show (silly spectacle), -toe-eino, 
dim. of -toccio. -t6««f o, M. : puppet ; 
booby. -toe«i6na, -toeetone, aug. 
of -toccio. -tolino, M. : (poet.) babe ; 
little boy. 

fara-1>ol6na, F., -lolone, -bnlone 
[Gr. parabole, parabola], M. : great talker 
(who does little). 

farabntto [S^.faraute (Ft. heraut), her- 
ald ; meddler], M. : rascal. 

Faraone, M. : Pharaoh ; faro (game). 

far-cTietolaf, p., -eiglionef, M. : teal 

far-daf, P. : dirty thing ; phlegm, -dag- 
giot, M. : baggage. -dataf, p. : blow 
with dirty rag; bundle of dirty rags. 
-delletto, -delliuo, dim. of -dello. 
-dello, M., dim. oifardo; bundle. Il-dot 
[Ar.], M. : spice-bag (skin bag to contain 
cloth bag of spices, etc.). 

fare [L. facere\, IRR.§ ; TR. : do (make, 
compose) ; act (personate) ; cause ; com- 
mand ; be ; concern (matter) ; be enough 
(suifice) ; fit (suit) ; crack (wall) ; refl. : 
make one's self ; become ; approach : far- 
la ad uno, play one a trick; questo nonfa 
per me, this doesn't suit me ; due mesifa, 
two months ago ; Milano fa da 400,000 
abitanti, Milan has 400,000 inhabitants; 
— fagotto, depart; che vifa egli che ven- 
ga non venga? what is it to you if he 
comes or not? al — del giorno, at break 
of day ; al — della notte, at dusk ; la lu- 
na fece ieri, it was new moon yesterday ; 

— acqua, (nav.) leak ; — aiuto, lend as- 
sistance, aid ; — (or far si) la barba, shave 
(one's self) ; — bello, set off, adorn ; — 
bocca da ridere, smile ; — caldo, be hot 
weather ; — capo ad uno, have recourse 
to one ; — le carte, deal (at cards) ; — 
caso di, make account of ; clear up ; fatti 
eon Die, good-by, adieu, farewell ; — V er- 
ba, mow ; — faccia, grow impudent ; farle 
ad uno, cheat one; — fiasco, fail (play); 

— leforche, feign ; nonfaforza, no mat- 
ter ; — forza di vela, crowd sail ; — f red- 
do, be cold (weather) ; — furore, make a 
hit (play) ; — il Giorgio, strut, give one's 
self airs ; — del grande, put on style or 
state ; — grazia a, forgive, pardon ; — 
lontano, send, drive away ; — ■ a metd, go 
by halves ; — motto di, mention, speak of ; 



— le nonet, secure beforehand ; — oste- 
ria, keep inn; — a pugni, box; — la 
quareiima, keep Lent ; — scala, touch at 
a port; — sera (e sahato), pass one's 
time ; idle ; — sieurtd, give bail for ; — 
silenzio, be quiet ; ogni prun fa siepe, 
every little helps; — «n sonno, take a 
nap ; — spese ad uno, keep, maintain 
one ; — testa a, oppose, resist ; — torto 
a, be unjust to ; wrong ; — vago uno (di), 
make one charmed (with), make one en- 
amoured (of) ; charm one ; — vista, feign ; 

— vela, set sail ; — vento, be windy ; — 
vita, live ; — voglia a, induce, entice ; fa- 
tevi a me, come here ; farsi beffe di, make 
fun of, jeer, make light of; farsi allafi- 
nestra, look out of the window ; farsi alia 
porta, go to the door; farsi alle scale, 
come to the stairs ; farsi sera, draw to- 
wards night ; ftirsi tardi, grow late. 

^ /are i/dcere^): Ind.; yr^5. /d or /dccio, 
/diffd ; faccidnWffdie ,fdnno. lmpf,/aceva, 
¥rit./ici,/acSsH, fece ox/P ; facifnmo, fa- 
chte,/icero, Fut./ard. Con&./arki. Subj. ; 
Pres. /dccia. Impf. facSssi, Vve/d; fdte. 
Part. : Pres. facenie. Pist. fdtto. Ger. fa- 
chndo. — Poet, forms: Ind.: Pres. z.fdci, 3. 
/dee. Impt./M. Vre\../H,/isti ; /^mvto,/hie, 
/iro{7io). Subj. : Im^i./essi. 

fare-tra [Gr. pharetra (phlrein, beak)], 
F. : quiver (for arrows), -trato, adj. : 
bearing a quiver. 

farfal-la [L. papilio], F. : butterily. -let- 
ta, -li'na, car. dim. of -la. -lino, M. : 
small butterfly (which damages grain) ; 
volatile person, -lone, M. : aug. of -la ; 
great blunder ; dandy. 

farfaniccTiio [fanfano]. M.: little bully; 
upstart boy. 

farfa-ra, F., -ro [L.far, grain, meal], M. : 
(bot.) coltsfoot. 

fari-ua [L. (far, grain, meal)], F. : flour 
(meal) : — lattea, malted milk ; fior di — , 
finest flour ; non essere schietta — , not be 
sincere ; esser ■ — propria, be one's own 
work, words or deeds ; questo non fa — , 
this doesn't pay. -na«eo, adj. : farina- 
ceous, mealy, -nainolof, M. : seller of 
legumes, oil, etc. -nata, F. : porridge, 
mush, -nellof, adj. : roguish ; M. : rogue. 

fa-ringe [Gr. phdrunx], F.: pharynx. 
-riugeo, ADJ. : pharyngeal. 

farinoso [farina], adj. : yielding much 
flour; floury; whitened. 

fari-saico, ADJ. : Pharisaical, -seismo, 
M. : Pharisaism. ||-seo [Gr. pharisalos 
(Heb. parash, separate)], M. : pharisee 

farlingottof, ADJ. : speaking confusedly ; 
jabbering ; M. : jabberer. 

farma - «entica, p. : pharmaceutics. 
-«eatioa, adj. : pharmaceutical, -cia, 
P. : pharmacy. -«ista, M. : pharmacist. 
Ilfarma-oo [Gr. ph&rmakon\, M. : drug. 


-oologia, P. : pharmaceutics, -copea, 
F. : pharmaoopceia. 
farneti-camente, ADV.: frantically. 
-camento, M. : frenzy, -care, intr. : 

rave, dote. ||farneti-co [frenetico], 
ADJ. : frenetic (mad, doting) ; m. : frenzy 
(raving, doting). 

faruia [L. -nea], P. : large-leaved oak. 

faro [Gr. PMros, island off Alexandria], 
M. : pharos (lighthouse ; guide). 

farragg. .f = farrag. . 

far-raginaref, TR.: mix, jumble. ||-ra- 
gine (L. -rago (far, grain, meal)], F.; 
mixed fodder; mixture (hodge-podge). 
-raginoso, ADJ. : farraginous ; mixed. 
-ragof, F. : farrago (medley, jumble). 
-rata, F. : cake made of farro (a grain). 
-ri«ellot, M. :. coarse meal, -ro, M. : 
a grain (eaten roasted without grinding, 
in pottage). 

far-sa \L. -cire, stuff], F. : farce (ludi- 
crous comedy) ; doublett (quilted) ; stuffed 
foodf. -sataf. P.: doublet-lining, -setta, 
F.: dim. of -sa ; doubletf. -settaiof, M.: 
doublet-maker, -settina, dim. of -sa. 
-setto, M. : doublet (quilted), -settone, 
aug. of -setto. 

fa-scetta,F.: dim. of -scia; corset; metal 
strips binding barrel to gun-stock, -scet- 
taia, P. : corset -maker, -scettino, 
-scetto, dim. of -scio. \\-scia, {L. (root 
fase-, twist : cf . fascioy], P. : bandage ; 
swaddling bandf; outside bark: in — , 
in fasce, in infancy ; — brueiata'^, torrid 
zone, -sciare, TR. : swathe ; bind ; en- 
viron. -sciataf^P.: binding; bandaging. 
-sci&to, ADJ. : bound ; swathed, -scia- 
tnra. P.: binding; bandage; ligature; 
trass, -scicolaref, TR. : bind in fagots ; 
ADJ.: fascicular, -scicolatof, ADJ.; 
FASCICLED (of roots). -scicoletto, dim. 
of -scicolo. -scicolo, M.: part (of book); 
f asciclef. -scina, p. : small fagot ; fas- 
cine, -scinaia. P.: place to keep fagots. 
-scinaio, M. : maker or seller of fagots, 
-scinanie,M.: fagot-wood, -scinarefi, 
INTR. : make fascines. 

fascinare2 [L. (? connected with root 

fasc- of fascia, etc.)], TR. : fascinate. 

fascinata [-narei], p.: revetment of 

faifci-natoret, ><■> -natrioefz, F.: sor- 
cerer; sorceress; charmer, -nazionef, 
P. : fascination ; sorcery. 

fasci-netta, -netto, dim. of -na. 

fascino [L. -num], M. : fascination (charm, 

fa-scinottaio, M. : kindling-seller, -sci- 
notto, M. : kindling-fagot. ||fa-sciQ 
[L. -scis (root fasc-, twist ; cf . -scio)], M. : 
bunch, bundle of twigs, grass, etc.) ; fas- 
cine (ifagot) ; PL. : fasces ; ancient triple- 


barrelled gun : fare d' ogni erba (un) — , 
mix everything confusedly ; mix good and 
bad; abuse everything; live recklessly; 
andare in nn — , go to ruin, -sciola, 
dim. of -scio. -sciolina, dim. of -sciola. 
-scine-eiof, dim. of -scio. -sciamef, 
M.: rubbish-heap, -scinolat, F., -aeino- 
lo t, M. : dim. of -scia; fillet. 

fase [Gr. phdsis (phainein, show)], P. : 
phase (of planet). 

fasservizi [fare, servizi], M. : common 
servant ; chore-boy. 

fassimile [fare, gimile], M. : facsimile. 

fastel-la, cf. -lo. -la««io, disp. of -lo. 
-letto, -lino, dim. of -lo. ||fastel-lo 
[faseio], M. (pi. — li or as f. — la): bundle, 
fagot (of com, wood, to carry on back). 
-16ne, aug. of -lo. 

fasti [L.], M. PL. : fasti (Rom. calendar ; 

fasti-diaret, TR.: disgust (annoy); refl.: 
be disgusted, fastidious ; loathe. Ilfasti- 
dio |1j. -dium, loathing], M. : weariness 
(tediousness, vexation); anxiety (care) ; 
disgust (aversion, loathing); fllthinessf; 
(euph.) lice : aver in ■ — , loathe, -dio- 
sa««io, aug. of -dioso. -diosaggine, 
P.: annoyance, troublesomeness. ' '-dio- 
samente, adv.: tediously, tiresomely. 
-diosello, -diosetto, disp. dim. of 
-dioso. -diositaf = -diosaggine ; FAS- 
TlDiousness. -dioso, adj.: wearying (both- 
ersome, importunate) ; FASTiDiousf ; insa- 
tiablef. -dire, tr. : annoy (importune, 
weary, disgust); iNTR.t: be disgusted (be 
annoyed). -diu««io, dim. of -dio. -diu- 
met, M. : quantity of troubles. 

fastigio [L. -gium], M. : (arch.) coping ; 
top (summit); loftiness. 

fastigiosot I [fastidio], ADJ. : wearying, 


fa-stigiosofz, ADJ.: pompous; proud. 
Il-sto'i [L. -stus, pride], M. : pomp (lux- 
ury, ostentation). 

fasto 2 pj. -tus], ADJ. : giorno — , court- 
day ; propitious day. 

fa-stosamente, ADV.: pompously, -sto- 
sita, P. : pompousness. ||-st6so [-sto i], 
ADJ. : pompous. 

fa-ta [L. -tern], P. : fay (elf), -tagio- 
nof, P. : enchantment, -talc, adj. : 
fatal (predestined), -talismo, m. : fa- 
talism, -talista, M. : fatalist, -tali- 
ta, p. : fatality (destiny), -talmento, 
adv. : fatally, -taref, tr. : decree (des- 
tine); charm; make invulnerable, -tata- 
mentet, ADV. : fatally, -tato, ADJ. : 
fated ; invulnerable, -tatura, p. : sor- 
cery, enchantment (charm). 

fati-oa. P.: FATIGUE (hardship); labourf; 
wages ; reward. -caWlof, adj. : capable 
of fatigue, Eng.t fatigable. -o&««ia. P.: 



painful work. ||-oare [L. -garel, TR.: fa- 
tigue ; exhaust ; annoy ; refl. : exert 
one's self, strive, -oat^re, M., -oatri- 
€e, F. : hard worker, -cfietta, dim. of 
-CO. -o^ievolet, ADJ.: industrious; toil- 
some, -cosamente, ADV. : laboriously. 
-oosetto, ADJ. : rather fatiguing, -co- 
so, ADJ. : fatiguing ; difScult. -cu-e-eia, 
dim. of -ca. 

fatidioo [L. -cus\, ADJ. : prophetic. 

fatig. .f ^fatic. . ^ 

fato [L. -turn], M. : fate, destiny. 

fat-ta [-to], P. : kind (sort, species ; fash- 
ion); dung of wild beasts; scent (of 
game): esser sulla — di, be on the track 
of. -ta-ecio, disp. of -to. -tamente, 
ADV. : si (or co^) — , in such a manner, 
so (Fr. tellement). -terello, M. : triple; 
nothing, -tevolef, adj. : feasible, -toz- 
zat, F. : form, feature, -tezze, F. PL. : 
features (lineaments); makef; shape, 
-tiaf, F. : witchcraft (charm), -tiliel- 
lof, M. : rouge, -tiliile, adj. : feasible 
(possible). -ti««io, ADJ. : robust, -tic- 
^ioue, aug. of -ticcio. 

fattispe«ie '[L. facti species, kind of 
fact], M. : (leg.) case in question ; report 
of a case. 

fat-tivof, ADJ. : efficacious ; Eng.f fac- 
tive. -tiziof, ADJ.: artificial. ||-to 
[/are], ADJ.: made; complete; grown-up; 
ripe ; m. : fact (deed, action) ; business ; 
behaviour; case (matter, affair): — d'ar- 
mi, small combat; detio — , no sooner 
said than done ; di — , really, indeed ; a 
gran — , a great deal ; in sul — , immedi- 
ately; tanto — , so big (indicating size); 
— (adverbially before a noun), after ; si- 
no a — aprile, till after April. 

fat-toiano, M. : (pop.) olive-oil pressor. 
Il-toio [frantoio'], M. : olive-press. 

fat-tora, P. : factor's wife. Il-topo [fa- 
re], M. : FACTOR ; steward ; authorf ; ar- 
tisant; brokerf; shop-boyf; peg-topf: 
• — supremo, God. -toressa, p. : factor 
or steward's wife ; housekeeper, -toret- 
tof, M. : shop-boy. -toria. P.: steward- 
ship ; steward's establishment, -torino, 
M.: shop-boy; messenger-boy; spit-jack. 
-torin««ia, disp. of -toria. 

fattotnm [L. fac-totum, ' do-all'], M.: fac- 

fattacc7iie-ra. P., -re, -po [? L.facti- 
cius, artificial], m. : sorcerer, -ess ; witch. 
-ria. P.: sorcery (witchcraft); petichism. 

fattn-ra [fare]. P.: work (of artisan); 
making; cost (of work); charge; wages; 
invoice ; creaturef ; witchcraftf. -rare, 
TR. : falsify; adulterate (wines, etc.); be- 
witchf. -rate, ADJ. : adulterated ; be- 
witchedf. -rina, car. dim. of -ra. -'rof, 
ADJ. : to be done. 



fatu-ita, F. : fatuity. ||fatn-o [L. -us], 
ADJ.: fatuous (silly); flighty: fuoeo — , 
ignis f atuus. 

fau-ei [L. fauces], F. PL. : jaws (throat). 

fau-ua, F. : fauna. ||fau-uo [L. -nus], 
M. : faun. 

fau-stameute, ADV. : fortunately, pros- 
perously. Ilfau-sto [L. -stus (favere, fa- 
vour)], ADJ.: auspicious (f A vouEable, hap- 
py, propitious), -tore, M., -triee, F. : 
PAyouEer; accomplice. 

fa-va [L. -6a], P. : bean ; ballot-marble ; 
foolish pridef ; triflef : metier alle -ve, 
put to vote ; a — crudaf, without exami- 
nation; uceellare a -ve\, deceive, -va- 
gello, M. : (bot.) celandine, -vaggine, 
p.: plant (used as vermifuge), -varella, 
p.: bean-pottage, -vata, P.: vain boast- 
ing; bean-mealf. 

favel-la [L. fabella (fari, speak)], P. : 
speech ; tongue (dialect) ; nationf : tener 
■ — a unof, be unwilling to speak to one, 
be angry, -lam^ntof, M. : speech. 
-lare, M. : speak; TR. : say. -latoref, 
M., -latri«et. P.: prattler, -liof, M. : 

fa-verella = -DffireZZffl. -veto, M.: bean- 
field, ll-vetta, P. : ear. dim. of -va; 
bean-pottaget ; pridef. 

favil-la[L.], P.: spark (cinder), -laref, 
INTB. : sparkle, scintillate, -letta, -li- 
na, dim. of -la. favil-lof, M. : spark. 

f avo [L. favus], M. : honeycomb. 

favo-la [L. fabula (fari, speak)], P. : 
PABLB (story ; invention), -la-e-eia,, disp. 
of -la. -laref, intb. : tell stories ; talk. 
-leggevolmentef, ADV. . fabulously. 
-leggiare, TR.: fable (tell stories, fable) : 
— (ii't. laugh at, mock, -leggiatore f, 
M., — tpi«et, P.: fabler, -lescof, ADJ.: 
fabulous, -letta, car. dim. of -la. -16- 
nef, M. : bragging liar, -losanaeute, 
ADV.: fabulously, -loso, adj.: fabulous. 

fa-vomelef, M. : honeycomb. -Tonef, 
M. : honeycomb ; very proud man. 

favoniof, M. : (poet.) west wind. 

favo-rabilef, ADJ.: favourable, -raref, 
TR. : favour, -ratoref, M., -ratri«e, 
p.: favourer, protector. ||fav6-pe [L. 
-r], M. : favour; sympathy (kindness); 
approval ; aid : lettere di — , letters of 
recommendation, -reggevolef, -reg- 
giantef, ADJ. : favourable, -reggiare, 
TR. : favour, aid. -r eggiator e , M.', -reg- 
giatri«e, P. : favourer, aider, -r^vole, 
ADJ. : favourable, -re-rolmente, adv. : 
favourably, -rire, TR. : favour (help): 
-risca di dirmi, please tell me. -rita, 
f. : prince's mistress, -rito, adj., m. : 
favourite, -ritoref, M., -ritri-eef. P.: 
favourer, -rosof, adj.: favourable. 
-ru««io, disp. dim. of -re. 


favule [fava], M. : bean-fleld ; bean-sow- 
ing (for improving lands); beanstraw. 

Fazio [Bonifazio] : esser Fra — ,/ore^, 
exercise charity ; spend freely for others. 

f a-ziomariof, M. : factionist. -zionato, 
ADJ. : PASHlONed (formed). ||-zi6ne [L. 
faetio (root fac-, do)], F. : paction ; peat 
(exploit); battle; military service; senti- 
nel; aotionf; taxf: esser in — , be on 
duty, -ziosamente, adv. : seditiously, 
factiously. -zioso, adj. : factious (sedi- 
tions, rebellious); m. : factionist (rebel). 

faz-zoletto, -zolof [I faeeia], M. : hand- 

fe (pion.ff), (poet.) for -de. 

febiirae-eia, disp. of -bre. 

febbraio [L. februarius], M. : February. 

f eb-bre [L. febris], P. : fever, -bretta, 
dim. of -bre. -bretta««ia, disp. din. 
of -bre. -bricellaf, dim. of -bre. -bri- 
-eiattola, dim. of -bre. -bri«ina, dim. 
of -bre. -brieitaf, p.: feverishness. 
-brieitante, adj. : feverish, -bri-ei- 
taref, INTB. : be attacked by fever. 
-bricone, M. : violent fever, -bricoso, 
ADJ. : giving fever, -brifugo, adj., m. : 
febrifuge, -brile, adj. : febrile, -bri- 
na, dim. of -bre. -brona, -brone, 
aug. of -bre. -br6sot = -bricoso. -b™«- 
«ia, -bruzzaf, dim. of -bre. 

fe-beo, adj.: poetical. ||Fe-bo [(Jr. 
Phoibos ('bright')], M. : Phoebus (Apollo; 
sun), -bet, -l»eat, P. : Phoebe (moon). 

fe-cale, ADJ. : fecal. ||fe-'e«{a[L./(KE], 
p. : sediment ; dung ; pl. : dregs, lees. 
-e€iaiat, P. : faucet hole (for emptying 
the dregs of a barrel), -e-eioao, ADJ.; 
dreggy, feculent, -e-einme, M. : mass 
of dregs ; rabble. 

fe«i, PBET. otfare. 

feeiale [Ij. -lis], M. PL. : fecials (Roman 
priests, sanctioning treaties, etc.). 

fecola [L. fcex, sediment], P. : fecuk; 

fecou-dablle, ADJ.: fecundable. -da- 
mente, ADV. : fruitfully, prolifically. 
-dare, TR. : fecundate (make fruitful). 
-dativo, ADJ.: fecundating. -dat6re,M., 
-datri«e, p.; ADJ.: fecundating (fertiliz- 
ing), -dazione, P. : fecundation, fe- 
oon-diaf, -dita, P. : fecundity, -de- 
volet, ADJ.: fruitful. Hfecon-do [L. 
fecundns], adj. : fecund (fruitful). 

fe-de \}j.fides], p.: faith; credit; certifi- 
cate : mani in — , ring representing 
clasped hands ; atto di — , prayer (Catho- 
lic); fare atto di — , take on faith. 

f edecom - messario f , M . : trustee. 
Il-messo [L. fidei-commissum, committed, 
to faith or trust], M. : trust deed, feoff- 
ment, -metteref, TR. : deed in trust. 

fe-dele l-de], ADJ. : faithful; m. (esp. pl.): 


devotee, believer ; vassalt. -delmouto, 
ADV.: faithfully, -delone, joe. aug. of 
-ide. -delta, p. : fidelity. 

federa [Gar. feder, feather], p. : pillow- 

federa-le ]h.f<Bderalis (foedus, league)], 
ADJ. : federal, -lismo, m. : federalism. 
-lista, M.: federalist, -'to, ADJ.: feder- 
ated, -zione, P.: federation. 

fedifrago [L. fmdi-fragns, league-break- 
ing], ADJ. : promise-breaking; m.: promise- 

fedimentof ^ ferimento. 

fedi-na [?], P. (us'ly pi.): mutton-chop 
whiskers, -nona, -none, aug. of -na. 

feditoref, M.: i . kind of soldier ; 2.^/c- 
ritore; ADJ. : predatory (of birds). 

fega-ta««io, M. : daredevil, -tello, M. : 
cooked liver, -tino, dim. of -to. ||fega- 
to \\. L. fieatum (L. Jicus, pig), 'fig-fat- 
tened,' applied to goose liver], liver ; (Jig.) 
courage (boldness), -toso, adj. : bilious ; 
having liver-spots, moth-patches ; liver- 
coloured ; M. : bilious person. 

feif, PEET. of /are. 

fel-«e [L. filix], p.: fern. -«eta. P., 
-eeto, M. : fernery ; ferny place. 

ftlet =fieh. 

feli-«e [L. -x], ADJ. : happy, -eemente, 
ADV.: happily, fortunately, --eita, P.: 
felicity (prosperity). -eitape,TK. : felici- 
tate ; make happyf. 

felino [L. -lis, cat], ADJ. : feline. 

fellef ^^fiele. 

fel-lo, ADJ.: wicked; melancholy (dole- 
ful)t. -louamentef, ADV. : wickedly. 
||-16ne [1. L. -o, felon], adj. : (poet.) rebel- 
lious, perfidious ; ^felonious, -loneriaf, 
F. : rebelliousness, treachery, -lonesca- 
mente, ADV.: rebelliously, treacherously. 
-lonesco, ADJ. : rebellious, perfidious; fe- 
lonious; cruelf. -lonessaf, p. : perfidious, 
cruel woman. -Ionia, P.: conspiracy, 
rebellion; treachery; infidelity; infamy; 
felony, -lonosof, ADJ. : rebellious ; felo- 

felpa [?], p. : plush. 

fel-trare, TR. : full (thicken in a mill); 
cover with feltf; filterf. -tratura, p. : 
fulling. ||fel-tro [l.L.filtrum (OHG. 
filz)], M. : felt ; (rare) filter. 

felnca [fr. Ar.], P.: boat (for sail or 

fern, .f =^femm. . 

femml-na [L. femina, woman], P. : fe- 
male (woman); wifef; socket. -na-e«io, 
disp. of -na. -nella, P. : (iim. of -ma; eye- 
let, eye (for hook); false shoots (of pruned 
vine), femmi-neo, ADJ. : (poet.) femi- 
nine; effeminatef. -nescamente, adv.: 
like a woman, -n^sco, ADJ. : womanish, 
effeminate, -netta, dim. of -na. -n6z- 



zat,P.: femininity, -nieraf, P.: woman's 
apartment; PL.: women-folks, -nile, 
ADJ.: feminine. -nilmeute, ADV.: 
femininely, -nilitaf, P.: effeminacy. 
-nino, ADJ.: feminine; effeminatef. 
-no-eeia, car. aug. of -na. nu-eeta, 
-nuzzaf, disp. of -na. 

fe-morale, ADJ. : femoral. ||fe-more 
[L. -mur], M. : thigh-bone. 

fen-dente, M. : cut (with sabre, etc.). 
Ilfen-dere [L. Jindere], IRR.§; TR. : split 
(cleave); cut (as air, water); repl.: crack, 
split (as stones, etc.). -dibile, adj. : 
cleavable. -dimentof, M. : fissure, split. 
-ditoio, M. : cutting-block for quill-pens; 
splitting-blade of grafting-knife, -dito- 
re,M.,-ditri«e, P. : splitter, -ditnra, 
p. : split (cleft, fissure). 

§ Pret. 'fendH at /endkiii. Part. fendtUta 

feneratoref, M. : usurer. 

feni-ee [Gr. pholnix], P. : phoenix ; (fig.) 
rare thing. 

fenicottero [Gr. phoiniko-pteros, red- 
winged], M. : fiamingo. 

fenilef, M. : hay-loft. 

feuomeuo [Gr. phainomenon (root pha, 
shine)], M. : phenomenon. 

feraf =^fiera. 

fera-ee [L. -x (root fer, beak)], ADJ. : 
FERtile. -«ita, P. : fertility. 

fera-le [L. -lis (root fer, bear)], funereal 
(orig. pall-bearing) ; cf . Eug.f feral, fune- 
real ; ADJ. : funereal (deadly, dismal, sad). 
-Imentefi, adv.: funereally. 

feralinentet2, ADV. : PlERcely (cruelly). 

fereutari [L.], M. PL. : light-armed Ro- 
man troops. 

fereref =/enre. 

feretrio pj. -trius (root fer, bear)], ADJ.: 
Giove — , Jupiter Peretrius (to whom were 
BORNE trophies). 

feretro [L. -trum (root fer, bear)], m. : 


fe-ria [L.], P. : holiday (Bng.f ferie) ; 
(ecel.) week-day (ordinary day) : — terza, 
Tuesday, -riale, adj. : ferial ; week- 
day; (eccl.) ordinary. -rialmente, 
adv. : commonly, -riare, intr. : make 
holiday, have vacation, -riato, M. : va- 
cation (esp. of courts) ; adj. : holiday. 

feridore =feritore. 

feri^rnofi, ADJ.: coarse-grained (bread). 

fepi3not2, ADJ.: ferine (savage). 

ferimento [-rire'], M. : wounding. 

fe-rinita, P. : ferocity (savageness, cru- 
elty). Il-rino [L. -rns, wild beast], adj.: 
ferine (savage ; PERoeious). 

fe'rire [L.], TR. : wound : non so dove 
voglia andar a — , I do not know what he 
aims at. -irito, ADJ. : wounded, -ritai, 
p. : wound (hurt). 



ferita2 [-rino], P.: savagery (cruelty). 
feri-toia, P. : embrasure ; loophole, -to- 
re [-re], M., -tri«e, P. : assailant. 
fer-ma, F. : enlistment ; confirmationf ; 
agreementf; assurancef. -magllo, m;: 
clasp, hasp, -mamente, adv. : firmly 
(tenaciously), -mamentof, M. : pirm- 
ness ; confirmation (fortification) ; stop- 
page ; firmament, -mdnzaf, P. : confir- 
mation ; bail. H-mare [L-firmare, make 
pikm], tr. : stop, stay, impede ; contract 
(as service, engagement of actor, singer) ; 
fasten ; cook slightly (to prevent taint) ; 
attract (Roma -ma per la sua grandez- 
za) ; lockf ; establishf ; resolvef ; strength- 
enf ; fixf ; repl. : stop ; linger ; stay ; for- 
tify one's self ; wedf ; enduref : — I' ani- 
mo, make up one's mind; decide; — la 
voce sopra una parola, emphasize a word. 
-mata, P. : stop (halt ; pause) ; camp (of 
soldiers), -matina, dim. of -mata. -ma- 
te, ADJ. : stopped ; written ; M.f : agree- 
ment, -matura, P. : stoppage ; clasp. 

fermen-tare, INTB. : ferment, -tati- 
vo, ADJ. : fermentative, -tazione, P. : 
fermentation. ||fermen-to [L. -turn], 
M. : ferment (yeast). 

fer-mezza, P. : firmness (steadiness) ; 
clasp (of necklace, etc.) ; stabilityf ; se- 
curityt; ratificationf ; rigorousnessf (of 
laws); assurancef. -mezziua, car. dim. of 
-mezza. -miuo, car. dim. of -mo. ||fer- 
mo [L.firmus], adj.: firm; (fixed; con- 
stant, resolute) ; still ; soundf (in mind) ; 
M.: certainty; steadiness; agreement; 
ADV.f : firmly, certainly : — Id, sentinel's 
call, steady there ! (to angry person) : ca- 
ne da — , setter-dog; canto — , plain 
(Gregorian) chant ; dare «m — a una co- 
sa, establish certain conditions ; dare am 
— alle earni, cook to prevent taint ; s' era 
— , he had stopped; notte -ma, deep 
night; per — , certainly, "sure thing"; 
punto — , period (punctuation) ; tenere il 
— , hold to opinions strongly ; terra -ma, 
continent ; viso — f, serious, resolute face ; 
— ■ in posta, general delivery, poste res- 

fepof, poei. for fiero. 

fe-roee [L. -rox], adj. : ferocious ; fierce 
(cruel) ; fiery ; (joe.) severe. -ro«emen- 
te, adv. : ferociously ; fiercely (cruelly). 
-rd-cia, -ro«ita, -rocitadef, -ro«i- 
tatef, F. : ferocity. 

ferra'e-«{a [ferro], P. : sting-ray (fish) ; 
gilder's crucible; gold-leaf box. -cio, 
M. : worthless iron. 

ferrag6sto [L. feri(B Augusti], M. : first 
day of August. 

fer-rai6tto, dim. of -raio. ||-paio [-to], 
M. : ironworker, smith: fabbro — , iron- 
worker, locksmith, blacksmith. 


ferra-iolino, M. : strip of silk or clotli 
worn by priests about their necks and 
hanging behind. ||-i(ii)61oi [?], M.: 
large cloak ; anything large, bothersome : 
fare un — (said of hunters who kill game 
instantly); (vulg.) accidente a — , apoplec- 
tic stroke. -i(u)olu€«io, disp. dim. of 
ferra-in61ot2 [ferro], M. : locksmith. 
-m^nta, P., -menti, -mentof, H. : 
hardware, ironmongery. 

ferrana [farragine], P. : maslin (mixture 
of grasses). 

fer-rare, TE. : iron (bind with iron) ; shoe 
(a horse) ; shacklet ; nailf ; KEPL.t : arm 
(for war) : lasciarsi ■ — , be under another's 
thumb. -rare€«f a, P. : coarse hard- 
ware ; implements, -rata, F. : iron grat- 
ing; prisonf; hoof -print, -rato, ADJ.: 
ironed; shod; ironf; resolutef: gtraia 
-rata, railroad; — a diaccio (ghiaeeio), 
(fig. of horses), hard-bitted ; not afraid of 
misfortune, (of people) very richf. -ra- 
torof, M. : FAERIBR. -ratuFa, P. : iron- 
work ; implements ; horse-shoeing (paeki- 
ERy). -raveccMo, M. : old iron-seller, 
second-hand dealer, -razzolo, M. : iron- 
worker, fer-reo, ADJ. : (lit.) iron ; ro- 
bust, -reriaf, P. : implements, -ret- 
tino, dim. of -retto. -retto, u., dim. 
of -to; small brace ; adj. : gray (of hair). 
-riata, P. : iron grating, -riera, p. : 
smithy ; iron-works ; blacksmith-pouch; 
iron-minef. -ri^no, adj. : ferreous (esp. 
of colour or taste) ; iron-gray ; obstinatef; 
strongf. -rino, dim. of -to. ||fer-ro 
[L. -rum], M. : iron ; implement (tool, lit. 
and fig.); weapon; fiat -iron; curlmg- 
iron; horseshoe; PL.: shackles; skates: 
metier e a — efuoeo unpaese, destroy ev- 
erjrthing ; venire a' ferri, come to con- 
clusions, -rolino, dim. of -ro. -ro= 
via, P. : railroad, -roviario, adj. ; 
railroad, -rngineo, adj. : ferruginons 
(rust-coloured)." -rnginosita, P.: fer- 
ruginosity. -mginoso, adj.: ferrugi- 
nous (containing "iron in solution), -ru- 
minamentot, M. : solder, -rnminar 
ret, TR. : solder, unite, -ruzzino, dim. 
of -ruzzo. -rnzzo, disp. dim. of -ro: 
adoprare, aguzzare i — , sharpen the wits. 

t&Tti-le [L. -lis (root fer-, bear)], ADJ. : 
fertile, -lita, p.: fertility. -lizzare,TB.: 
fertilize. -Invente, adv. : fruitfully. 

ferucolaf, P. : little wild beast ; disgust- 
ing insect. 

ferula [L.], p. : ferule ; umbelliferous 

ferntaf, P. : wound. 

fer-v^nte, ADJ. : fervent ; boiling, -ven- 
temente, ADV. : fervently, -ventez- 
zaf, -venza, P. : fervency. 


fdr-vere [L.], defect.§ ; intr. : be fer- 
vent (evince ardour, bum) ; boilf. -vez- 
«at, F.: heat, -vidamente, adv.: fer- 
vidly, -videzza, M.: fervor, fer-vido, 
ADJ. : fervid (ardent), -vore, m. : heat ; 
fervor (zeal) ; boilingf. -vorino, m. : 
mild reproof ; short, fervid speech, -vo- 
rosamente, adv. : fervently (warmly). 
-voroso, ADJ. : fervent (zealous). 

§ Ind. : Pres. ^.fhr-ve ; 6. -vono. Impf. 
ferviva. Subj. : \'ai^i.fervisce. Part. Pres. 
fervinte. Gcx.fervendo^ 

fer-zat, F. : whip-lash : — id sole, sun's 
heat, -zarot, TE. : whip. 
fescen-nino [city Fescennid], adj. : fes- 
cennine (referring to obscene Latin po- 

fescerat, F. : (jbot.) bryony. 
fessit, IMPERF. SUBJ. of fare. 
fes-so [part, of fendere], ADJ. : split 
(cracked) ; m. : Fissure, crack ; cleft, -so- 
lino, dim. of -so. -sdra, F. : fissure 
(split) ; narrow passage, -snrina, dim. 
of -sura. 

fe-sta [L. (sc. dies, day)], F. : holiday ; 
feast; rejoicing (gaiety) ;/ar — a, feast; 
welcome ; far la — a, slaughter (animals) ; 
rot ; eat ;far — a una cosa, enjoy a thing 
much ; far la ■ — a una cosa, consume a 
thing; coneiare (aecomodare) per il di 
delle -ste, give a drubbing, thrash, -sta-e- 
«ia, disp. of -sta. -staiolo, M. : (,eccl.) 
feast-director, -stante, ADJ. : joyful. 
-stanzaf, F. : festival; joy. -stare, 
TR., INTR. : feast, -steggevolef, ADJ. : 
festive (joyful), -steg'gf^ameiito, M. : 
rejoicing; fete, -steggiare, TR.: cele- 
brate (events) ; feast.' ' -steggiante, 
ADJ. : feasting, -steggiato, adj*. : feast- 
ed, feted, -steggtatore, M., -steggia- 
tri«e, F. : feaster; celebrator. -steg- 
gfof, M. : rejoicing. -8tere««io, adj'. : 
festal (holiday), -stevole, adj. : fes- 
tive (merry), -stevolezza, F. : festivi- 
ty (rejoicing). -steTolmente, adv. : 
festively (joyfully). 
festicMno, adj. : bright green. 
fe-sti«ei61a, dim. of -sta. -stieina, 
car. dim. of -sta. -stina, car. dim,, of 
-sta (esp. religious). 

festi-namentet, adv.: quickly, -nan- 
zaf, F. : haste, -naref, intr. : hasten. 
-natamentef, adv.: quickly (hur- 
riedly), -nazionet, F. : haste. II fe- 
sti-nofi, adj. : quick (hasty, Eng. festi- 

fe-s1£noz [-sta], M. : entertainment ; even- 
ingparty. -stivamente, ADV.: festively. 
-stivittl, F. : church festival ; joyous wel- 
come, -stivo, ADJ. . festal ; abiti -stivi, 
Sunday clothes. -st6«-eia, F. : kind 
welcome, -ston-eino, car. dim. of -stone. 



-stone, M. : festoon (garland), -stosa- 
meute, ADV. : festively (joyfully), -sto- 
setto, ADJ. : rather festive, -stoso, 
ADJ. : festive (joyful). 

festn-ca [L.], P., -co, M.: fescue; bit of 
straw; mote. 

festue«ia, dim. of festa. 

fe-tente, adj.: stinking. Hfo-teref [L. 
-tidus, stinking], intr. : stink. 

fe-ti«'Cio [Port, -tigo, magic], m. : fetich. 
-ti-eismo, M. : fetlphism. 

feti-damente, ADV. : fetidly. ||feti-do, 
-d6so [L. fcBtidus], adj. : fetid ; assa — , 

, assafcetida. -dnme, M. : mass of cor- 

feto \h. -tus], M. : foetus. 

fetore [L. -tor], M. : fetor (disgusting 

fet-ta [Ih.vitta, band], M. : cut, slice 
(us'ly of food) : fare (tagliare) a -te, cut 
up ; massacre, -tina, -tolina, dim. of 
-ta. -tona, -tone, aug. of -ta. -tue«e, 
-tn««ia, disp. dim. of -ta. -tn-ecina, 
dim. of -ta. 

feu-dale, ADJ. : feudal, -dalismo, M. : 
feudalism, -dalita, F. : feudality, -da- 
tario, M. : feudatory (vassal). |lfen-do 
[1. L. -dum (OEG. feod)], M. : feud (allot- 
ment of land, fief) ; fee for same. 

fez [fr. Turk], M. : fez (Turkish cap). 

fiaba Ifabula], F. : fib ; story. 

fiac-ca, F. : languidness ; low act (mean- 
ness) ; noise (disturbancef). -cabile, 
ADJ. : breakable. -oa-o611o, m. : danger- 
ous person ; a — , in break-neck man- 
ner, -camente, ADV.: flabbily; wearily 
(weakly), -camento, M. : fracture (break, 
rupture), -care, TR. : break; fracture; 
weaken ; debilitate, -cato, adj. : broken. 
-catoio, adj. : breaking, -catura, F. : 
fracture (breaking). -cTietto, ADJ. : rather 
tired, -cfoezza. P.: weakness ; lassitude ; 
imbecility. Ilfiac-co [L. flaceus, flabby, 
flap-eared (? root, /rac-, break)], ADJ.: 
flaccid; weak (weary); m. : bruising; 
drubbing ; ruinf ; ravagef. 

fiacco-la \L. facula (dim. of fax)], p. . 
torch. -letta,-lina, (2im. of .:2a. -lona, 
aug. of -la. 

fiac-cona, F. : exhaustion : lassitude. 
||-c6ne, ADJ.: aug. of -co; M. : languid 

fiadonef, M. : honeycomb. 

fialaf, P. : phial. 

fialef, P. : honeycomb. 

fiam-ma [L. ^amma], F. : FLAME ; pas- 
sion; sweetheart; forked pennant, -man- 
te, ADJ. : flaming (fiery red), -mare, 
INTR. : flame (bum). -ina=salsat, F. : 
itching (of salt rheum), -mata, F. : 
bonfire, -matella, -matina, dim. of 

-ma. -meggiare, INTR. : fiame, shine ; 

176 fiammeggiante 

sparkle ; glitter, -meggiante, adj. : 
flaming, -mella, dim. of -ma. -mesco, 
ADJ. : flaming ; bright, -metta, -met- 
tina, dim. of -ma. -miferaio, M. : 

match-seller, -mifero, M. : frictibn- 
matoh; ADJ.f: flammif erous ; kindling; 
burning, -mina, -molina, car. dim. of 
-ma. -moref, M. : inflammation. 

fian-care, TK. : strengthen the sides of 
(arches, etc.), flank (guard the flank of). 
-cata, P. : spur-blow (in flank) ; cutting 
saying ; side (of building or piece of fur- 
niture) ; (nav.) broadside, -cfeeggia- 
mento, M. : reinforcement, -cfteggia- 
ro, TB. : reinforce; flank (stand along- 
side). -cTieggiante, ADJ. : flanking. 
-cTieggiato,' ADJ. : flanked, -cfcetta, 
p. : waist (of garments). ||fian-«o [? L. 
flaccus, soft, viz., part], M. : plank, side. 
-cntof, ADJ. : long or broad-sided. 

fia-sca, P. : (large, short-necked) flask. 
-sca«-eia, -sca-e-eio, disp. aug. of -sea. 
-scaia, P., -scaio, M. : flask-seller or 
re-coverer. -sc/i,,rNTE.: fail (in 
an undertaking or play) : buy by the bot- 
tlef. -scftetta, P. : small flask ; pow- 
der-flask, -scfi-etteria, P. : wine-shop. 
-sc7^ettina, dim. of -schetta. -schet- 
tino, dim. of -schetto. -scftetto, -schi- 
no, dim. of sco. Ilfia-sco [1. L. fiasco 
(L. vas, vase)], M. : (long-necked) flask ; 
far — , make a failure (vase-maker, who 
spoils glass-lump, makes bottle of it). 
-scone, aug. of -sco. -scueeio, disp. 

of -SCO. 

fiata [? ak. to vice], P.: time; spessefiate, 
many times. 

fia-tamentof, M. : breathing, -tare, 
INTE. : breathe ; pufff. -tata, P. : bad 
breath, -tino, car. dim. of -to. ||fia-to 
\h. flatus (flare, blow)], M. : breath ; wind ; 
strength : non mangio — , I eat nothing ; 
strumenti a — , wind-instruments ; a an 
— , d' un — , in a moment ; in a breath ; 
very quickly ; mw — , a trifle ; rimetter il 
— in corpo, encourage ; cheer up. 

fiatolof, M. : VASSAL. 

fiato-ret, M. : fetidness, -'sof, adj. : 


fib-Ilia [L. -ula (flgere. Fix)], p. : buckle. 
-biaiof, M. : buokle-maker. -Isiaret, 
TR. : buckle ; fasten, -bietta, biettina, 
car. dim. of -hia. -biona, aug. of hia. 
-bione, M. : harness-buckle. 

fi-bra [L.], p.: fibre; force; will. 
-brilla, P. : (6oi.) flbrilla ; fibril, -brina, 
p. : fibrine. -brosit&, P. : fibrousness. 
-broso, ADJ. . fibrous. 

fibula [L.], F. : fibula. 

fL-ca. [-co], P. : figt ; female pudenda : 
far le -che, show contempt (by pointing at 
ydth the thumb between index and long 


flnger) ; affront. -ca«eio, disp. of -co. 
-caiaf, P. : fig-tree. -c=albo, M. : kind 
of fig. -cato, ADJ. : full of figs or fig- 
trees ; M. : fig-cake. 

fic-cabile, ADJ. : that can be fixed, -ca- 
ineiitot,M.: thrusting in; setting. -ca= 
naso, M.: busybody (meddler; inquisitive 
person). ||-care [L. ^^ere], TR. : drive 
in ; (fix, set) ; stick in ; make believe ; 
INTR. : meddle ; rbfl. : intrude one's self : 
-carsi in testa (or nella mente), be ob- 
stinate ; persist, -caturaf, p. : thrusting 
in; (fixing). 

fic/ie-retot, -'tof, M. : fig-plantation. 

fic-cTiino [-care], M. : intruder (meddler). 

fi-co [L. -cus], M. : fig; fig-tree; grimace; 
compliment: cercare de' -chi in vetta, 
puzzle over difliculties; far ■ — , miss, fail. 
-co=secco, pi. fichisecchi, M. : dried fig. 
-coso, ADJ. : grimacing ; affected, com- 

fi-daf, P. : security ; safe-conduct ; pas- 
ture, -danza, P. : faith, coufidence. 
-danzare, TE. : betroth ; guaranteef. 
-danzata, P., danzato, M. : betrothed. 
—dare [L. -dere], TR. : trust ; conpiDE : — 
i bestiami, guarantee pasture for cattle ; 
— de' denari, give credit for money; 

■ -darsi, trust one's self ; -darsi di, trust in ; 
rely upon, -dataf, P. : oath of allegi- 
ance, -datamentef, ADV. : confidently. 
-datezza, P. : trustiness, -dato, ADJ. : 
trusted ; faithful. || -de. . [L. -des, faith] : 
-de=cominesso, M. : deed of trust. -de= 
commissario, M. : trustee. -de=ins- 
sione [L. iussio, command], P. : security 
(surety). -de=iuss6re, M. : guarantor 
(surety), -litaf, P. : fidelity, -del.. 
= fedel. .f -do [L. -dus], adj.: faith- 
f ul. -dneia, P. : conPlDence ; trust, -dn- 
eialef, ADJ. : flducial. -dueialmente, 
ADV. : fiducially, confidently, -dneiaria- 
mente, ADV. : fiducially. -dnciario, 
ADJ., M. : fiduciary. -dn«iosaiiiente, 
ADV. : confidently. -dii«i6so, ADJ. : con- 

fiebo-lef, ADJ.: FEEBLE, -lezzaf, F. : 

fie-deref, TR. : strike ; wound, -ditoref, 
M. : striker. 

fiele [L./eq, M. : gall (bile; malignity, 
rancour) ; jaundice. 

fie-naia, ADJ.: pertaining to hay: falce 
— , scythe, -nile, M. : hayloft. ||fie-na 
[L. fenus], m. : hay ; forage, -noso, 
ADJ. : full of hay (as grain, straw). 

fiera i [L. fera, wild], P. : wild beast. 

fie-ra2 [L. feria, feast]. P.: large FAIS; 
market ; gift bought at fair : — fredda, 
poor fair ; e — ■ rotta, it's a ruined affair. 
-raiolo, M. : seller at fairs. 

fie-ramente, ADV.: fiercely, -rezza, 


F.: intrepidity; spiritedness Qiveliness). 
||fio-po [L. ferns, wild], adj. : pero- 
oioust; pierce; intrepid; severe; viva- 
cious (lively ; spirited), -rucolati, f. : 
little wild beast. 

fieruco-laf^ [fierai]. P.: poor little 
fair, -lona, p. : torch-lantern (at fairs). 

fievo-le [L. jJeJiKs], adj. : pebble, weak. 
-lezza, P. : feebleness, debility. -Imen- 
to, ADV. : feebly (faintly). 

fifat, P. : lapwing. 

figgere, figeref \L.figere\, IRR.§ ; TR. : 
FIX ; drive in ; determine : -gersi in capo, 
be obstinate ; — lad, imprint kisses. 

§ VreX.yis-si ; -sero. Vzrt.J'isso oxfitto. 

fi-glia, P. : daughter. -(;liare, TR. : 
bring forth (yovmg). -gliastra, P., -glta- 
stro, M. : step-child, -c/liata, P. : litter 
(of dogs, etc.). -{rlfati-eefa, adj. : pro- 
lific (of beasts), -frliatnra, p. : delivery ; 
birth ; breeding time. ||fi-j7lio [L. -liu%[, 
M. : son (boy ; child) : -gli della terra, (leg- 
endary) giants; -gli della luce, (eeel.) 
God's elect, -gli&e-eia, P. : god-daugh- 
ter. -glio««inot, -ffli6««io, M.: god- 
son. -£rlidla, dim. of -glia. -frliolame, 
M. : flock of sons ; plant-shoots, -glio- 
lanza, P. : progeny, -grlioletto, -glio- 
lino, dim. of -gliolo. -£rliolo, M.: dim. 
of -glio; esserfuori di-glioli, be past the 
age of conception ; entrare in -glioli, be- 
gin to have children ; buon — , good-na- 
tured fellow, -gliolona,, P., -gliolo- 
me, M. : big, fat child, -gliolu-ecia, 
-gliolaeeio, disp. dim. of -gliola, -glio- 
lo. -gliuola = -gliola. -glinola-eeiof, 
= -gliolaeeio ; filiation, -glvaolagglaf, 
M. : filiation. 

figmentof, M. : figment ; fiction. 

figneret =fingere. 

fifrnolaret ^^frignare. 

fi£rno-lo [OHG. finne], M. : felon ; boil. 
-loso, adj. : having boils. 

fign-lina [L. vessel (fingere, form)], P. : 
pottery-making, -lino, ADJ. : ceramic. 
fign-lof, M. : potter. 

fign-ra [L. (fingere, form)]. P.: figure; 
body; shape; face; portrait; statue; 
model ; type ; character (in novel) ; face- 
card : far — , appear well ; dance-figure ; 
far huona — , distinguish one's self ; keep 
one's obligations ; far la — di, have ap- 
pearance of; poniam — 1> l^t us suppose, 
for example, -rabile, ADJ.: figurable. 
-rabilita, P.: figurability. -ra.««ia, 
disp. of -ra. -xaeeio, disp. of -ro. 
-ralef, ADJ. : figurative, -ralmentet, 
ADV. : figuratively, -ramentoti M. : fig- 
uration ; figure ; representation, -rante, 
ADJ. : figuring ; M., p. : (theat.) figurante. 
-rare. TR. : figure, represent (in art) ; 
symbolize; resemble; intr. : appear; 



feign ; repl. : imagine, -rato, ADJ. : 

figured ; represented (in art) ; figurative 
(of language) : canto — , chant with full 
score music, -ratameute, -rativa- 
mente, ADV. : figuratively, -rativo, 
ADJ.: figurative; mystical, -ratore, M., 
-ratri-eo, P. : figurer ; former, -razio- 
iiet,P. : figuration, -reggiaro, intr.: 
be rhetorical, use figures of speech. -p6t- 
ta, dim. of -ra. -rettina, car. dim. of 
-retta. -rina, p.: dim.oi-ra; statuette. 
-rinaio, M. : image-vender, -rino, M. : 
fashion-plate ; dandy, -rista, M. : figure- 
painter, figu-ro, M. : bad, ugly person. 
-rona, aug. of -ra. -r6iie, disp. aug. 
of -ra. -ru-ccia, disp. of -ra. 

fi-la [L. -lum], P. : file (row, suit) : alia 
(or di) — , consecutively, -labile, adj. ; 
that may be spun. -la««e, -la'e«ia, 
-la«eicat, F. PL. : threads, ravellings. 
-la-eeicoso, ADJ. : likely to ravel, -la-e- 
«i6ne, M. : sort of fish-line, -la^oro, 
M. : gold or silver wire-drawer, -lameu- 
to, M. : filament, fibre, -lamentoso, 
ADJ. : filamentous, -landa, P. . silk- 
spinnery. -landaia, P. : silk-spinner. 
-landra, F. : worms in hawks ; marine 
plants (attaching to ships). 

filan-tropia, P. : philanthropy, -tropi- 
camente, ADV. : philanthropically. -tro- 
pico, ADJ. : philanthropic. Hfilan-tro- 
po [Gr. phil-dnthropos, friend of man], 
M. : philanthropist. 

fi-larata, P. : long row. -lare i [-la], 
M. : row (of plants, teeth, houses, etc.). 
||-lare2 [-Zo],TR.: spin; wire-draw; spin 
out (discourse) ; pay out (cable) ; slied 

' (blood) ; INTK. : leak (as casks) ; rope (as 
liquids) : — grosso, be prodigal or unscru- 
pulous ; — sottile, be shrewd, -laretto, 
-larino, M. : dim. of -re i ; sandstone 

filarmdnico [Gr. pMlos, loving, harmo- 
nia, harmony] ; M. : music-lover ; ADJ. : 

fila-strocca [Jild], P. : rigmarole, -ta- 
mente [-lo], adv. : as if spun (of speech, 
excuses), fila-tessa, p. : file ; rigma- 
role, -ti-eeio, M. : coarse silk (drawn 
from hatched cocoons). ||fila-to [-re 2], 
ADJ. : spun ; M. : thread : il — de" ragna- 
teli, spider's web. -toio, M. : spinning- 
wheel; candle-wick -machine; spinning- 
room ; spinning -mill, -tora, p. : spin- 
ning-girl, -tore, M. : -tri«e, P. : spin- 

filat^era, P., -terio [Gr. pMlax, guard], 
M. : FHYLACTery ; amulet. 

fi-latura [-lare 2], p. : spinning, -let- 
tare, TR. : stripe (in weaving) ; insert (in 
sewing), -lettatura, p. : striping ; in- 
sertion, -lettino, dim. of -letto. -\6t- 



to, M. : car. dim. of -lo; (fowler's) net- 
line ; snaffle ; flUet (of beef) ; ligament (of 
tongue, etc.) ; fine wire (holding gem in 
setting) ; bezel (of watch, etc.). 

filia-le [L. filius, son], ADJ. : filial. -Imen- 
to, ADV. : filially, -zione, P. : filiation. 

filibnstiere [Sp. -ter (Eng. freebooter)], 
M. : filibuster (pirate). 

filieef =felice. 

fi-liera [filo], F.: wire-drawing iron, -li- 
forme, ADJ. : filiform. 

filig-gine [L./u%o],F. : soot, -ginoso, 
ADJ. : 'fuliginous (sooty). 

fl-ligrana [-lo], F. : filigree, -ligrana- 
to, ADJ. : filigree-like, -lino, dim. of -lo. 

fllip-pica l-po], P. : philippic (invective). 
-pino, ADJ. : oratorian ; M. : Oratorian 
monk (order founded by Philip Neri). ||fl- 
lip-po [Filippo, Philip], M. : silver coin 
(with head of King Philip). 

fi-lo, pi. -li or -la [L. -lum], M. : thread ; 
string ; wire ; series (of ideas, etc.) ; edge 
(of sword, etc.) ; bit ; particle ; long, nar- 
row loaf ; PL. : lint : — ■ — or di — , at all 
costs ; fil — , trickling (of liquids) ; — 
deir acqua, current of the stream ; — d' ac- 
qua, tiny stream of water ; andare per il 
— delta sino;)ia,' chalk walk,' actor speak 
to the purpose ; iattere il — (or — ddla 
sinopid), snap the chalk-line ; esser un — , 
be a rail (very lean) ; esser in — , (of sea- 
sons) be well advanced, (of persons) well- 
disposed ; — d' erba, spear of grass ; far le 
-la, be ropy (liquids, cheese) ; — di legno, 
grain of wood ; mandare (or mettere) a — 
di spada, put to the sword ; mettere uno 
in (or sul) suof — , put one on his right 
road ; per — , exactly ; — delli reni, spine. 

filodramiuatico [Gr. philos, loving, 
drama, play], M. : amateur actor ; ADJ. : 
dramatic (society). 

filogo :=filologo. 

filolino, dim. of filo. 

filo-logia, P. : philology. -Idgioo, adj. : 
philological. ||fild-logo [Gr. philo-logos, 
word-lover], M. : philologist. 

filo-mela, -mena [Gr. Philomela' (who 
was changed to a nightingale)], P. : (poet). 

fi-londente [filo, dente], M. : embroidery 
canvas (one thread to each loom-tooth). 
-16ne, M. : aug. of -lo ; vein (of ore, water, 
etc.). -loso, ADJ. : thread-like. 

fil6so-fa, P. : female philosopher ; would- 
be wise woman, -fale, ADJ. : philosophic : 
pietra — , philosopher's stone, -fante, 
disp. of -fo. -fare, INTb. : philosophize. 
-fastro, disp. of -fo. -feggiare, intr. : 
philosophize, -fesoameiite, adv. : so- 
phistically. -fesco, ADJ. : sophistical. 
-fessa, p. : female doctor of philosophy. 
-fetto, car. or disp. dim. of -fo. -fia, 


P.: philosophy; (typ.) small pica, flioid. 
flea (fllla — ), ADV.: philosophically, -ft 
eare, INTR.: philosophize, -flcamentet 
ADV.: philosophically, filoao-fleo, adj.; 
philosophic, -fino, disp. or iron, of -fo. 
Ilfiloso-fo [Gr. philo-sophos, friend of 
wisdom], M.: philosopher. -Sone, aug.of 
-fo. -fa««io, -fnzzn, disp. dim. of -fo. 

filosomia Ifisonomia], F. : (vulg.) phys- 

fil-trtlre, TR. : filter. ||-troi [l.L.-trun 
(Ger. -z)], M. : filter ; filter paper. 

filtroz [Gr. philtron],u.: philter. 

filugello [? L. filucellum], M. : silkworm. 

filnngnello =■ fringuello. 

fil-uzzo, dim. of filo. ||fll-za [ -ilium 
(L. -um, thread)], P. : row, string (of things) ; 
pamphlet; basting. 

fim-bria [L.], F. : fringe (hem, border). 
-briato, ADJ. : fringed (bordered). 

fi-mo, -met [L- -mus, dung], M. : manure. 

fin =: fino. 

fina-le [fine], ADJ.: final (definitive) ; u.: 
(mus.) finale; (typ.) tailpiece; prigione 
— , life imprisonment, -lita. P.: finality. 
-Imente, ADV.: finally, -mente, ADV.: 

flnan-za [Fr. -ce], P. : finance, -ziaria- 
mente, ADV. : financially, -ziario, ADJ. : 
financial, -ziere, M. : financier. 

fi-naref, INTR. : finish (cease) : far — , kill. 
-nattantocTie -e, [or fin a tanto che], 
ADV.: until, as long as. W-ae [L. -nis],K., 
P. : end (extremity); m. : aim (intention); 
ADJ. : fine (minute, exact) ; superior ; ex- 
pertf ; bravef : alia — , finally ; nan lo fa 
per nessun — , he does not do it for ulte- 
rior ends ; stare in — , be dying, -ne- 
mentef, ADV. : finely. 

fine-stra [L. fenestra (ROOT /a-, show)], 
p.: window; opening; breach; (jest.) eye: 
fare una — sul tetto a uno, get what 
has been denied by resorting to higher 
authority ; secure that desired by another. 
-strae-eia, disp. of -stra. -strata, F. : 
'window-slam' (in contempt); sun-burst. 
-stratof, ADJ. : windowed ; M. : row of 
windows, -strella, -stretta, -strina, 
car. dim. of -stra. -strino, dim. oi-stm. 
-strone, aug. of -stra. -stru«eia, 
disp. dim. of -stra. 

fi-netto [-ne], M.: fine wool cloth, -nez- 
za, p. : fineness ; excellence ; politeness ; 
finesse ; artifice. 

fingentef, ADJ. : feigning. ||fin-gere 
[L.XiRR.§; INTR.. peign; tr. : simulate; 
dissimulate, -gimentof, M. : feint (de- 
ceit) : -gitore't, M. : feigner. 

§ Vret./in-sij-se ; -sero. Part. /inttr. 

fi-nientet, -^DJ- : finishing, -nimento, 
M. : finishing oif, conclusion, end, finish, 
(last) ornament ; jewelry set ; service (of 


china, etc.) ; PL. : harness (of draught 

horses). -ni=in.6iido, M. : end of the 
world ; final destruction, -nire, tr. : 
finish (end, complete ; use up) ; kill ; intr. : 
end (cease) ; die ; rbpl. : be qut of pa- 
tience : sentirsi — , be famished or used 
up. -nitat, F. : end ; death, -nita- 
mente, adv. : finitely, -nitezza, F. : 
perfection, -uitimo, adj. : adjoining ; 
M. : bordering countries, -nito, adj. : 
finished; bounded; perfected; hopeless; 
tired out. -nitura, F. : end ; finishing 
touches, llfi-no [L. -nis, end], prep. : 
until ; as far as ; ADJ.f : fine, subtle ; skil- 
ful; brave: ^71 a luglio, until July; fin 
anche, even ; fin a (tanto) che, as long as ; 

fin che OTfinche, until ; fin da, since, from ; 

Jjji allora or fin d'allora, even then, then ; 

fin a qui, until now, to this point ; fino a 
ora otfinora, hitherto ; until now ; fin da 
quando? since when? fin da, since. 

finoo-oTiietto, -cTiiettino, dim. of 
-chio. llfindc-oTiio [L. fceniculum], M. : 
FENNel. -chi, INTERJ. : zounds ! good 
heavens! -oTiiona, F. : fennel-sausage. 
-ofeione, aug. of -chio. 

finora :=fino a ora: until now. 

finsi, PRET. of fingere. 

fin-ta [-to], F. : feint; feigned blow; 
false-pocket ; pocket-flap. -ta««{o, disp. 
of -to. -tamente, ADV. : deceitfully. 

fintantocTie = fin a tanto che. 

fin-tino, dim. of -to; half-wig. Ilfin-to, 
PART, ot-gere: feigned; false, -zione, F.: 
fiction; feint; invention. 

fio [OHG. feod], M. : FiEFf : pagare il — , 
pay dear (for). 

fiooaggine {-co], F. : hoarseness. 

fioo-ca, ADJ., F. of -co; F. : instep of 
shoe or foot (i.e., place for the bow-knot). 
-care, INTR. : fall in flakes ; abound. -cA- 
to, PART, of -care; adj.: adorned with 
bows. -cTiettato, adj.: adorned with 
little bows, -chotto, ear. dim. of -co. 
Ilfioc-co \L.fioccut], M. : bow-knot (bow) ; 
flock (lock of wool); flake (of snow); 
tasself ;. tnftf : co' -chi, in pomp ; of ex- 
cellence (tip-top, of high grade) ; in -chi, 
richly and affectedly dressed, -cosof, 
ADJ.: flaky; hoary. 

fio-c/i.6tto, dim. of -co. -cTiezza, F. : 

fideina [L. fuscina (ak. to fork)], F. : 
fish-spear; trident. 

fiocine \L. fioees, dregs], M. : skins and 
seeds of grapes, etc. 

fl6co [?], ADJ. : hoarse ; weak (of sound) ; 
faint (of light). 

fidnda \L.funda], F. : sling, -tore, M.: 

fio-raia, F., -raio, pi. -rai, M. : flower- 
seller, -ralisot =fiordaliao. -rame, 



F. : flowers (esp. painted or sculptured). 
-r^cappu-ecio, M. : larkspur, -rdali- 
so \Fi. fleur de lis], M. : fleur-de-lis. Hfio- 
ro [L.flos], M. : FLOWER (flowering-plant; 
bloom ; choicest part ; virginity) ; mould 
(on wine) ; a particle (the least) ; PL. : 
clubs (at cards) : a — di, at the level of 
(on the surface of) ; — di latte, cream ; — 
d' ogni mese, marigold ; — di rame, ver- 
digris ; non piovve — , it has not rained 
a bit ; se tu mi volessi un — di bene, if 
you loved me a little ; — ■ di zolfo, flowers 
of sulphur, -regglare, M.: bloom, FLOUR- 
ish. -rellino', ' -rellof, M. : floweret. 
-rente, ADJ.: flowering; flourishing. 
-rentinamente (cf. -rentino), ADV. : in 
Florentine way. -rentineggiare , intr. : 
affect Florentine speech, -rentinesco, 
ADJ. : Florentine, -rentinismo, M. : 
Florentine idiom, -rentinita, F. : Flor- 
entinism. -rentino [Firenze (L. Floren- 
tia, "the flowering"), Florence], adj. : 
Florentine ; M. : Florentine dialect : alia 
-rentina, in Florentine fashion. -ret- 
tare, TR. : be extravagantly flowery. 
-retto, M.: dim. of -re; (mus.) turn, 
grace-note ; (lit.) choice passage ; fencing 
foil (Eng.f floret) ; (dance) fleuretf ; 
kind of sugarf. -ri«ino, car. dim. of 
-re. -rino, M. : florin, -rire, intr. : 
flower; flourish; scatter flowers, -ri- 
scente, ADJ. : flowering ; flourishing. 
-rista, F. artificial-flower seller or mak- 
er ; M. : flower-painter, -rita, F. : flow-r 
er decoration ; flowers strewn before a 
procession, -ritezzat, F. : florescence. 
-rito, adj. : flowered : abito — , new 
suit ; -rita truppa, picked troops, -ritn- 
ra, F. : flowering ; flourishing, -rran- 
«ino \_-r-rancio], M. : gold-crested wren. 
-r^ranci o, M. : marigold, -rame, M. : 

fiosso [?], M. : narrow part of shoe-sole. 

fiotolaf, F. : FLUTE. 

fiot-tare, INTR. : gurgle ; murmur ; grum- 
ble ; sob. -tio, M. : continual sobbing. 
Ilfiot-to \Jlutto],TA.: surge, wave; crowdf; 
furyf. -tosot, adj. : billowy (tempestu- 

fir-ma [-mare], F. : signature, -ma- 
mento, M. : firmament ; foundationf. 

firmano [Fers. -man], M. : firman (edict). 

firma-re [L., strengthen], TR. : sign ; ap- 
prove, -tario, M. : signatory. 

fisa. . =fissa. . 

fiaarmonica [Gr. ph'&sa, breath, harmo- 
nia, harmony], P. : harmonium. 

fisc^-le \fiseo], ADJ. : fiscal ; M. : chan- 
cellor of exchequer: amocaio — , public 
prosecutor, -leggiare, INTR.: be cross- 
examined. -Imente, ADV. : fispally. 

figcellat, F. : wicker-basket (curd-baaket). 



fiscTii-are [L. fistula, reed], INTR. : whis- 
tle ; whiz (hiss) ; have buzzing in the ears ; 
be penniless, -ata, F. : whistling; hiss- 
ing, -atope, M.; whistler; hisser. -erel- 
la, P. : bird-whistle ; bird-decoying, -et- 
tare, INTR. : whistle in snatches, -et- 
tio, M. : continual whistling, -etto, M.: 
little whistle, tischi-o, M. : whistling 
(whistle) ; hiss, -ione, m. : whistling- 
duck; curlew. 

fisciu \Fr. fichu], M., invar. : lady's neck- 

fi-scinaf, F. : wicker-basket. ||-sco [L. 
-sens, basket, thin purse], M. : PISC ; pub- 
lic treasury. 

fisi-ca [Gr. phusikSs (pAiisis, nature)], F.: 
physics ; science of medicine, -cagginef, 
F. : sophistry ; whim, -cale, ADJ.': phys- 
ical, -cameute, ADV. : physically, -ca- 
ret, INTR. : sophisticate ; fancy. -«ia- 
not, M. : physician, fisi-co, adj. : physi- 
cal, natural; M. : physicist, -coso, adj.: 
sophistical ; fanciful. 

fisima [Gr.phusema], F. : caprice (fancy). 

fisio-logia [Gr. phusio-logia, ' nature- 
discourse'], F. : physiology. -logico, 
ADJ.: physiological, fisio-logo, M.: physi- 
ologist, -mante [Gr. mdntis, diviner], 
M. : soothsayer by faces, -nom. . = fiso- 
nom. . 

tiao [fisso], ADJ. : fixed ; attentive ; adv. : 

fiso - gruomonia [Gr. phusio-gnomonla, 
'natnre-KNOWledge'], f. : physiognomy. 
-nomia [Gr. nomas, law], F. : physiogno- 
my (countenance), -nomista, M. : physi- 

fis-samente, ADV. : fixedly, -sare, TR.: 
FIX ; stare at : -sarsi sur una cosa, think 
too intently on a thing, -sato, adj. : 
fixed ; M. : agreed thing, -sazioue, F. : 
fixation; "brown study"; obstinate, 
strange opinion, -si, fret, of figgere. 
-sionef, F. : fixing ; driving in. Il-so, 
PART, oi figgere: fixed (firm; constant). 

fistellaf, F. : basket. 

fistia. . =:fisckia. . 

Ksto-la [L. fistula, reed], P. : reed-pipe ; 
fistula. -lare, adj. : fistular (hollow) ; 
INTR. : fistulate. -lazidne, P. : becoming 
fistular. fisto-lof, M. : fistula, -losof, 
ADJ. : fistulous, -tulatoref, M. : piper. 

f it-ta, F. : mud-hole (sticky place, hole) ; 
crack ; dig of the spade (spade's depth) ; 
idisp.) crowd (gang, herd ; heap) ; dent. 
-taidlo,M.: tenant farmer, -tamente, 
ADV. : thickly, -tezza, P. : thickness. 
fit-tile, ADJ. : fictile (of clay), -tivof, 
ADJ. : fictive. -tiziamente, ADV. : fic- 
titiously, -tizio, ADJ.: fictitious. Il-toi, 
FART. df,figgere; adj.: fixed; transfixed; 
crowded; thick; close -woven; M. : rent 


(hire, "fixed price"); adv.: quickly: a 
capo — , with head downwards ; dore a—, 
rent; di — meriggio, at high noon; di 
-ta notte, at dead of night ; di — verm, 
in deptlv of winter; rinearare il — , be 
indifferent to threats. 

iittot2, part, ot finger e. 

fittone [Gr. phut6n, plant], M. : tap-root. 

fitton. .f = piton. . 

fittuariof, M. : tenant farmer. 

fia-ma««io, disp. of -me. -malef, ADJ.: 
FLIJMINAL. -mana, P. : swelled river. 
Ilfin-me [L. flumeri], M. : river ; great 
flow (eloquence, tears, etc.). -metto, 
-micello, M. : rivulet, -mieiattolo, 
disp. dim. of -me. -ini«ino, dim. of 

fin-tare \h.fiutare\,TS,.: snuff (for odours); 
smell; scent; tryf. -ta=sep61cri, M.: 
idisp) antiquarian, -tata, P. : smelling 
(snufiing). -tatina, F. : gentle smelling. 
-'to, M. : sense of smell ; act of smelling. 
-tone, M. : tattler. 

fizionef =: finzione. 

flabello pj. -llurn\, M. : feather-fan in 
papal procession. 

fla««i-ditat, F.: flaccidity. fla««i-dot, 
ADJ. : flaccid. 

ilagel-lamentot, M. : flagellation, -la- 
re', TR. : whip (scourge) ; inveigh against ; 
EEPL. : discipline one's self, -latore, M., 
-latri-ee, F. : flagellator. -lazione, F.: 
flagellation ; picture representing scourg- 
ing of Christ, -letto, M. : small whip. 
Ilflagel-lo \h. -lum], M.: whip (scourge); 
scourging ; calamity : a — , in great quan- 

flagi-ziosamentef, ADV. : flagitionslf. 
-ziosof, ADJ. : flagitious. 

ila-graute [L. -grans {rootfiag-, blaze)], 
ADJ. : flagrant (notorious). -graref, 
INTR. : be inflamed. 

fla-mimato, M. : oflice of flamen. ||fla- 
mine [L. -me7i],M. : flamen (Rom. priest). 
-minica, F. : flamen's wife. 

flanella [Pr. -nelle], P. : flannel. 

fla-to \L. -tus, BLOWing], M. : flatus (wind 
from stomach, belch), -tnlento, ADJ.: 
flatulent, -tnlenza, -tnosita, F.: flatu- 
lence, -tuoso, ADJ.: flatulent; windy. 
fla-ntino, car. dim. of -uto. -ntista, 
M. : flutist, ila-nto, M. : flute : a — , 
obliquely (of cuts in timber). 

flavof, ADJ. : yellow. 

flebi-le [L. -lis (fiere, weep)], ADJ.: 
mournful. -Imente, adv. : mournfully. 

fle-bitide, -bite [Gr. phlebitis {phUp, 
vein)], F. : inflammation of veins, -boto- 
maref, TR. : let blood, -botomia, F. : 

• phlebotomy, -botomo, M. : phlebotomiat 

flgm-ma [Gr. phlegma, inPLAMMation], P. : 
phlegm, -matioamente, ADV. : 


matically. - mati«ita.t, F. : quality of 
phlegm ; coolness, -matioo, ADJ. : phleg- 
matic, flem-mone, M. : phlegmon (tu- 
mour), -monoso, adj. : inflammatory. 

fles-sibile [L. flexibilis}, adj. : flexible. 
-siliilita, F. : flexibility, -sione, F. : 
flexion, flos-sof, PART, otflettere. -sore, 
ADJ. : flexor (muscle) ; m. : flexor muscle. 
-snosita, F. : flexibility, -snoso, ADJ. : 
flexuous. -suraf, P. : flexure. 

fletof, M. : weeping (tears). 

fletteref, IRR. (part, flesso) ; TR. : bend 

flibnstierof, M. : filibuster. 

flobotomiat = flebotomia. 

flde«idot, ADJ. : flabby. 

flo-r(e)ale [L.flos, flower], adj. : floral ; 
F.FL. : festival for Flora, -ridamente, 
ADV. : floridly, -ridezza, F. : floridness. 
flo-rido, ADJ. : florid, -riferof, adj. : 
floriferous. -rilegio, M. : anthology. 

fio-scezza, ¥.: flaccidity. -sciamente, 
ADV.: flaccidly. Hfld-scio [L. fluxus 
(root fiu-, flow)], adj. : soft (of paper 
or cloth), flaccid ; weak (in character). 

flot-ta [L.fluctus (flu-, flow)], f. : fleet. 
-tamentof, M. : ship's gauge, -taref, 
TR. : float, -tiglia,, F. : flotilla. 

flu-ente, ADJ. : fluent ; copious ; border- 
ing on a river (of towns ) f ; M. f : river. 
-idezza, -idita, F. : fluidity. &u-ido, 
adj.: fluid, flowing; m. : fluid. l|-iro [L. 
-ere], intr. : plow, run. -ore, M. : fluor- 
spar; gonorrhoea. 

flns-sibilef, ADJ. : flowing, fusible, -si- 
bilitaf, P. : fluidity; fusibility, -sione, 
p.: fluxion. ||-so [L. fluxus, FLOWing], M. : 
flux; tide; tide-like movement; ADj.f: 
transitory, fleeting. 

flnt-to [ji. fluctus (root flu-, flow)], m. : 
surge (billow), -tnamento, M. : fluctu- 
ation, -tnare, INTR. : move as a wave ; 
fluctuate (waver), -tnante, adj. : fluc- 
tuating, -tnazione, F. : fluctuation ; un- 
certainty, -tnoso, ADJ.: billowy; tem- 

finviale [L. -alis (root flu-, FLOW)], ADJ. : 

foca [Gr. pMke], F. : (zool.) seal. 

fo-cae-eia [-co], P. : flat, hard cake : ren- 
der pane per — , render like for like. 
-oaeeinola, dim. of -caccio. -caeef, 
ADJ.: ardent (flery). -caia, F. : flint. 
-cara, F. : kindling instrument (of iron). 
-carino, -cardlo, M. : fireman, -cati- 
co, M.: hearth-tax. -cato, ADJ.: fiery red. 

f6€e [L. fauces, throat], f. : river-mouth ; 
gorge; street-opening. 

fo-oherello, dim. of -co. -crista, pi. 
~ti,u.: seller or maker of fire-works; fire- 
man. -cTiettolof, M. : hearth; house. 
Illi&oco [L. -eus], M. : fire; family; hearth ; 



passion; poetic fire; caustic; acidity (of 
wine) ; funeral pile ; focus : arder uno a 

— lento, cause one to pine away ; dare — 
al cannone, fire a cannon ; dire (fare) cose 
di — , say (do) strange,. terrible things; 
fare — nell' orcio, hatch a plot secretly; 

— di leone, fierce fire ; mettere troppa 
came a — , have too many irons in the 
fire ; — di paglia, fieeting ardour ; — sal- 
vatico, ring-worm, -colare, M. : fire- 
place ; (lit.) = -CO. -colino, car. dim. of 
-CO. -cone, M. : aug. of -co; priming- 
pan; touch-hole, -cosamente, ADV.: 
ardently, -cosetto, dim. of -coso. -06- 
so, ADJ. : fiery, ardent, amourous. 

fode-ra, P.: lining, -rare, TR. : line. 
-rato, ADJ. : lined, -ratoref, M. : rafts- 
man, -ratura, P. : lining, -rettaf, F. : 
pillow-case, -rina, car. dim. of -ra. 
II fode - ro [Goth, fodr], M. : scabbard 
(sheath); raft; pelissef; fur f or lining^. 

foga [fuga], P. : impetuosity. 

fog-gettaf, F.: small cap. ||fdg-gia [?], 
F.': 'manner (fashion, custom)"; ancient 
cowlf. -giare, TR. : fashion, form. 

to-glia,, F.': leaf (esp. of mulberry); petal; 
FOIL ; silvering (for mirrors ) : — d' ore, 
gold-leaf ; — a — , one by one. -gUa«- 
-eia, disp. of -glia. -gllaeeio, M. : 
disp. oi-glio; waste-paper. -£rlia«eo, 
ADJ. : foliaceous. -g\i&va.a, P. : foliage ; 
leaf- work. - gliaxa f , intr. : produce 
leaves. -£r}^ata, P.: sheet of paper 
and that wrapped in it. -frliatof, 
ADJ. : foliaged, leafy, -gliatdra, F. : 
leaf-work, -glfetta, p. : dim. of -glia; 
snuff made of stems ; wine measure. 
-gliettina, dim. of -glietta. -glietto, 
dim. of -glio. -£rlina, car. dim. of -glia. 
||fd-£rlio [L. -Hum, leaf], m. : sheet of 
paper ; folio ; gazette : — bianco, carte 
blanche ; — a — , one by one ; aprire il 
— , explain, make known. -£rlioIina, 
car. dim. of -glia. -grliolino, car. dim. 
ot -glio. -gltona,, aug. oi -glia. -glio- 
ne, aug. of -glio. -glioso, ADJ. : leafy. 
-£flin«eia, dim. of -glia. -gli-ae^io, 
disp. of -glio. -jrliuto, adj. : leafy. 

to-gaa. [? (ak. to L. fundus, bottom)], p. : 
sewer; drain; drain-hole (in flower-pots); 
greedy eater, -^nare, TR. : provide with 
sewers (drain); elide (letters): — le mi- 
sure (or le casiagne), give short measure 
(by leaving empty spaces). -£rnatura, 
p.: sewer-making; elision (of letters). 
-£fn6ne, aug. of -gTia. 

fogo [fauci], M. : choking by food. 

foia \L.furid], F. : lust (rut). 

folai \L.fabula], p.: joke, idle story. 

fb\a.-\ 2 — folia. 

f61a-ga[L./u2ica], P. : moor-hen. -gTiet- 
ta, ear, dim, of -ga. 



folata [volata], F. : gust (of wind); flight 
(of birds). 

fol-eiref, TR. : prop, support. 

folgo-rante, ADJ.: flashing, -rare, 
INTR. : flash (lighten); tr. : fulminate; do 
with lightning speedf. -ratof, adj. : quick, 
hasty; splendid. Hfolgo-re [L. fulgur], 
M., F. : thunderbolt ; splendorf. -reggia- 
re, INTR. : flash (lighten) ; do with 'liight- 
ning speed. 

fdlio : in — , of folio size. 

fol-la, F.: 'press' of people ; crowd ; multi- 
tude. Il-lare [I. h.fullare (L.fullo, ful- 
ler)], TR.: full or work (felt); press (hides). 

fol-le [L. -lis, bellows (later, grimace of 
puffed cheeks)], adj. : foolish, -leggia- 
mento, M. : foolishness. -leggfare, 
INTR.: act' foolishly, -leggiat'ore, M.: 
one who plays the fool, -lemonte, adv. : 
foolishly, -letto, M. : hobgoblin: d Km 
vero — , he's a regular imp. -lezzaf, 
-lia, p. : folly ; insanity. 

foUico-laf = -lo. -laro, ADJ. : follic- 
ular, -lato, ADJ. : in form of follicle. 
Ilfollico-lo \h. folliculus, little sack], 
M. : follicle ; capsule. 

foUonef, M. : fuller, dyer. 

folloref, M. : folly. 

fol-taf, F. : crowd, -tamente, ADV. : 
thickly, In crowds, -tezza, F.: thickness. 
II -to [L./aWus], ADJ. : thick; numerous; 
M. : thick, crowded part. 

fomen-ta [L. -ijtm], F. : fomentation; 
poultice, -tare, TR. : foment (excite). 
-tatore, M., -tatriee, F. : fomenter. 
-tazione, F., fomen-tof, M. : fomen- 

fomi-te \h.jomes, tinder], M. : evil incen- 
tive, -tot, M. : tinder; incentive. 

fouda I [L. funda, sling, purse], F. : hol- 
ster; purse. 

f6udat2 ^ -do. 

fondacaio \_-dae6\, M. : cloth-seller, dra- 

fonda€«io \.-do], M. : dregs, remnants. 

fonda-cTtetto, car. dim. of -co. -oMe- 
ref, M. : cloth-seller, draper. ||fdnda- 
co [Ar. fonduq, shop], M. : draper's shop ; 
provision shop ; draper (cloth-seller). 

fon - damentale, ADJ. : fundamental. 
-damentalmentef, ADV. . fundament- 
ally, -dameutare, TR. : lay founda- 
tions of ; found, -damento, M. : founda- 
tion; basis. -d4re [L. fundare], TR. : 
FOUND ; lay the foundations of ; refl. : 
-darsi in (sur) una lingua, know a lan- 
guage well, -data, p. : dregs (grounds ; 
sediment); remnant, -datamente, adv.: 
with :fcundation ; justly, -dato, part. 
ot-dare; adj.: versed in; deepf. -da- 
tore, M., -datrice, F. : founder, -da- 
zioue. F. •- foundation ; founding. 


fonde-re [L.fundere, pour], IRR.§; tb.' 
FUSE (cast); blend (colours), -ria, F.> 
foundry ; essence factory. 

§ Px&t. /u'si, -se ; -sero. Vd.ri.fuSQ. 

fon-dezza [-do], F. : depth, -didrio, 
adj. : that concerns ground, funded : lUrti 
-diari, deed-books. 

fondibile [dere], adj. : fusible. 

fon-dieria [fondo], F. : ground-tax. -di- 
glio, -Aigliolo [-do'], M. : dregs (lees, 

fonditore [-dere], M. : caster in metals. 

fon-do [L. fundus], M. : bottom; depth; 
bed (of river); back part; conclusion; 
ground-colour; fund; adj.: deep (pro- 
found): a — , profoundly; andarea—, 
sink ; articolo di — , leading article ; dar 
— , waste ; cast anchor ; -di del eaff^, cof- 
fee-grounds ; -di di maggazino, unsold 
goods, remnants; in — , in conclusion, 
finally ; lati -di, large rural estates ; dar 
— , dissipate, ruin, -duraf, F.: deep hol- 
low; depth. 

fondntof, PART, of -dere. 

fo-neticameute, ADV.: phonetically. 
jl-netico [Gr. phone, voice], adj. : pho- 
netic, fd-nica, F. : phonics, fo-ni- 
co, ADJ.: phonic. -n6 = grafo [Gr. 
grdpho, I write], M. : phonograph. -no= 
logia [Gr. logos, discourse], F. : phonol- 

fon-talef, ADJ.: original, -talmentef, 
ADV. : originally, -tana, F. : fountain. 
-tanella, F.: car. dim. of -tana; {anat.) 
fontanel ; issue : — di gola, pit of the 
throat, -taneof, ADJ. : belonging to a 
fountain, -taniere, M. : fountain-keep- 
er or custodian, -tanina, dim. of -tana,. 
-tanot, ADJ. : belonging to a fountain. 
-tanone, aug. of -tana, -tanosof, 
ADJ. : that has fountains. ||f6n-te [L. 
fons], F. (m.) : fount (spring ; source ; ori- 
gin) : sacro — , baptismal font ; levari al 
— Mm bambino, stand sponsor for a child. 
-ti-eella, dim. of -te. -tieina, ear, 
dim. of -te. 

fora =fuori. 

foraccTiiare [L./orare], TR. : BORE full 
of holes. 

forag-gdre, M. : forager, -giamento, 
M. : 'foraging, -giare, INTR. : forage. 
-g(i)6re, M.: forager. ||forag-g£o [Pr. 
fourrage (Goth, fodr)], M. : foiraga ; fod- 
der (horse's rations). 

forame \h. -men icf.forare)],M.: small 
hole (aperture). 

foraneo [L. foris, outside], ADJ. : (ecd.) 
vicario — , priest (with authority in rural 
parishes); forensicf. 

fora-re [L.], TR. : BORE. =sacoo, M. ; 
brome-grass. =siepe, M.: wren, -'tafi 
P.: aperture (hole). =t6rrat, P.: dibble. 


-tini, M. PL. : kind of macaroni, -'to, 

PART, of -re: animo ■ — , ungrateful dispo- 
sition ; capo — , hair-brained person ; aver 

le mani -te, be extravagant, -toio, M. : 
drill, auger, -toref, M. : borer ; auger. 
-tdra, P. : boring, piercing. 

forlii-ei, (pop.) -ee [L.forfexi, p. PL.: 
scissors; metal-sbears ; claws (of crabs, 
scorpions, etc.); vine-grub; (fig.) obsti- 
nate person : -ci.' obstinate one ! le sono 
state — ,. they persisted in spite of all. 
-eiaiof, M. ; scissors -maker or seller. 
-eiata, P. : scissor-cut. -eine, car. 
dim. of -ce. -eidne, m. pl.: aug. of -ci; 

forbi-re [OHG. furbari\, tr. : furbish, 
polish ; clean : — gli occhi, rub the eyes ; 
— le lagrime, wipe away the tears, -ta- 
mente, ADV.: in polished manner, -tez- 
za, P. : neatness ; polish ; purity of style. 
forbi-to, PART, of -re; (of writings) ele- 
gant, faultless, -toiot, M. : polishing 
tool, -tore, M., -tri«e, P. : polisher ; 

forbott&ret, TR. : beat ; revile. 

for-ca [L. furcd\, F. : fork (pitchfork, 
hayfork) ; gallows (gibbet) ; anythingf orked; 
mischievous boyt ; forked road : da — , 
villainous; far — , play truant; far le 
-che, pretend poverty or pretend Ignorance 
(of something). -cata, P. : forkful ; 
crotch of the legs, -catella, P. : small 
forkful, -catof, ADJ. : forked, -catu- 
rat, P. : forkedness. -cella, P. : dim. 
of -ca; sternum ; wishbone, -che, P> PL.: 

forcTie -e [fore che], CONJ. : except. 

for-c^etta [-co]. P.: table- fork ; musket- 
restf : parlare (favellare) in punta di — , 
talk with affectation. -cTiettata, P.: 
table-forkful; fork-thrust, -cfeettiera, 
p.: fork-case, -ch-etto, M.: two-pronged 
iron fork (for hanging or unhooking things) ; 
forked twig. -cTiettone, M. : carving- 

forcTtinderet, IRE. ; TR. : exCLUDB (shut 

for«iiia [-ca], P.: hairpin; harpoon t; 

fdr«ipe [L. -ceps, tongs], M. : forceps. 

for-conata, F. : pitchfork-thrust. ||-c6- 
ne [-cffl], M. : pitchfork ; fork of roadsf. 

forcostnmanzat, P. : bad custom. 

for-cnto [-ca], ADJ.: forked, -cuta- 
mentet, ADV. : forkedly. -cuzzaf, P. : 
dim. of -ca; rascal. 

fd-rot =^fuori. -rellino, dim. of -ro i. 
-reset, M. : peasant ; ADJ. : rustic, -re- 
sellot, di'"': of -rese. -reuse [-roz], 
ADJ. : forensic, -resizzaf, P. : (pretty) 
peasant girl, -resozzot, m. : (handsome) 
peasant lad. 



fore-sta \L. foras, outdoor], F. : forest. 
-stale, ADJ.: pertaining to forest, -sta- 
riaf, -steria, P.: guest-quarters in con- 
vent ; crowd of foreigners, -stieraio, 
M.: convent guestmaster. -stieramen- 
tef, ADV. : in foreign manner, -stiere, 
-stiero, M.: POReigner; outsider; guest. 
fore-stot, ADJ. : wild, savage ; uninhab- 

for=faret, IRR. ; INTK. : transgress ; TR. : 
deceive, -fattof, m. : misdeed, -fattd- 
raf, P. : knavery. 

for-fi-e. .t ^forbic. . -feccMa, P.: fruit- 
worm (maggot) ; earwig. 

forfo-ra [jj. furfur, bran], F. : dandruff ; 
scurf, -roso, ADJ. : scurvy. 

fdri := fuori. 

forie-re [1. L. fodrarius (Goth, fidr, 
forage)], M.: quartermaster; forerunner. 

for-ma [L.], P. : form (shape) ; manner 
(style) ; formula ; model ; mould ; cheese- 
mould ; cheese : — ■ di calzetta, stocking- 
frame ; — di cappello, hat-block ; — di 
scarpe, shoe-last ; a (in) — di, in shape 
of, like ; per — che, in manner that. 
-mabile, ADJ. : shapable. -maggiaio, 
M.: cheese-monger, -mdggio, M.i cheese. 
-maggiolo, dim. of -viaggio. -maio, 
M. : last-maker, -male, ADJ. : formal. 
-malista, M. : formalist, -malita, P. : 
formality, -malizzare, INTr. : wonder 
at (be surprised or scandalized at) ; 
definef. -malmente, ADV.: formally. 
-mamentof, M. : formation, -mare, 
TR. : form (fashion, design, make) ; make 
up ; mould (cast) ; repl. : be formed ; 
grow; imagine (conceive), -matamen- 
te, ADV.: in due form; well made, -ma- 
tello, ADJ. : round (of handwriting). 
-mativo, ADJ. : formative, -mate, part. 
of -mare; well-built (of persons); M.: 
size of book ; f ormf : ben — , of regular 
form, -matore, M., -matri«e, P. : 
shaper; caster in plaster, -miazione, 
p. : formation, -mella, P. : hole to plant 
trees in ; spavin ; pl. : tinder;oake ; tes- 
sera; floor-tile; tesselated' ornament. 
-mellato, ADJ. : tesselated. 

fop-mentaret,INTR.: ferment. H-men- 
toi \h. fermentum], M. : yeast. 

fopmen-tofz [frumentoj, M. : wheat. 
Il-tone, M. : Indian corn. 

form.etta, dim. of -ma. 

formi-ca [L.], P.: ant; St. Anthony's 
fire (erysipelas), -caio, M. : ant-hill. 
-caret, INTR. : swarm, -cftetta, dim. 
of -ca. formi-cola, P. : ant. -colaio, 
M. : ant-hill ; crowd : stuzzicare il ■ — , stir 
up a hornet's nest. -colam.eutot, M. : 
pricking (tingling), -colante, part, of 
-colare. -colare, INTR. : swarm ; tingle 
(as benumbed flesh, like ants' biting) ; M. : 



-eola questo piede, my foot's asleep, -oo- 
letta, -colina, dim. of -cola, -colio, 
M. : rOBMlCation, tingling ; swarming, -co- 
lone, M. : large winged ant: essere (or 
fare) il — di sorbo, be firm; be un- 
moved. -cu««{a, dim. of -ca. 

formi-da'bile IL. -dabilisi, adj.: formid- 
able. -daHiilmente, ADV. : formidably. 
formi-dinet, F. : fear. 

formola = formula. 

for-mosita, F. : shapeliness (beauty). 
Il-moao \h.-mosus],ADi.: shapely (beauti- 

fdrmn-la [L.], F. : formula, -Idre, TR. : 
formulate, -lario, M. : formulary. 

for-na-ee [L. -nax], F. : fubnace ; kiln. 
-naeella, -naeetta, dim. of -nace. 
-na«iaio, M. : furnace-tender ; kiln-man : 

— della calcina, lime-kiln. -na«iata, 
F. : f umacef ul. -na-eina, dim. of -nace. 
-naia, F. : baker's wife, -naina, dim. 
of -naia. -naino, dim. of -naio. -naio, 
M. : baker : assicurarsi il — , find sure 
means of support, -nata, P. : batch. 
-nello, M. : cooking-stove ; camp-stove ; 
chemist's furnace ; sauce-pan. 

foruica-re [L. (-nix, arch ; later brothel, 
because under arches)], INTE. : fornicate ; 
TR. : falsify, -tore, M., -'tri«e, P. : for- 
nicator, -zione, F. : fornication. 

for-nimento, M. : furnishing ; thing fur- 
nished ; f urnituref ; harnessf ; adornment. 
-nimentnzzo, dim. of -nimento. H-niTe 
[?], TR. : FURNISH (providef) ; finish ; ex- 
ecutef. -nito, part, of -nire ; adj. : 
adultf: ^ ben — , he's well fixed; M.f: 
furniture ; trimming, -nitore, M., -ni- 
tri«e. P.: furnisher; wholesaler, -ni- 
tnra, P. : furnishing ; contract to fur- 

for-no [L. furnus], M. : oven ; bake-shop. 
-nnolot, M. : lantern. 

fo-ro I [-rare], M. : hole (aperture). 

fo-ro 2 [L. -rum (-ras, outside)], M. : forum 
(tribunal), -rosetta [L. -ras], F. : peas- 

for-ra [OFr. feurre], F. : ravine (gorge). 
-r6ne, aug. of -ra. 

forse [L. -san], adv. : perhaps : essere in 
— , be in doubt ; — di si, it may be so ; ivi 

— ffl tre miglia, about three miles from 
here ; ■ — ■ — , possibly (not probably) ; 
senza — , certainly ; — che or — che, per- 
haps that ; it may be that. 

for-sennaref \Juor senno], intr. : rave. 
-sennataggine, F. : madness ; extrav- 
agance, -sennatameute, ADV. : madly. 
-sennato, adj. : mad ; SENseless ; ex- 
travagant, -senneriaf, F.: madness; 

forsif = forse. 

tbi-te [L. -tig], adj. : strong^ (robust, 


firm) ; brave ; energetic (arduous) ; strong- 
flavoured ; ADV.: vigorously ; loudly ; sound- 
ly ; M. : forte (specialty) ; fort ; strongest; 
best portion or person; highest number: 
colore — , fast colour -.nel — della mischia, 
in the thick of the fight : non ti paia — , 
may it not seem hard to you; tempo — , 
bad, stormy weather ; fuggir (or andar) 
— , run away fast, -temente, ADV.: 
strongly; stoutly; bravely; vigorously; 
loudly, -teruzzof, -tetto, dim. of -ie. 
-tezza, p.: fortitude; force; constancy; 
fortress : andare in — , sour (of liquids). 
-tic-eio, ADJ.: rather strong-flavoured. 
-tificabile, ADJ. : fortifiable. -tifica- 
mentof, M. : fortification, -tificare, 
TR. : fortify ; strengthen, -tificante, 
-tificativc, ADJ. : fortifying, -tifioa- 
tore, M. : fortifier, -tificazione, p.: 
fortification, -tigrno, ADJ.: sourish, -ti- 
lizio, -tino, M. : small fort (redoubt). 
-titudinef, F. : fortitude, -toref, M. : 
strength (of odour or taste); sourness; 
-tori, PL. : sourness of stomach. 

for - tuitamente, ADV.: fortuitously. 
Il-tuito pj. -tuitus (fors, chance)], ADJ.: 
fortuitous (casual). 

fortnme [-te], M. : strong, savoury stuff. 

fortn-na [L.], P. : fortune ; chance (ac- 
cident, luck) ; prosperity ; tempest : darsi 
alia — , give one's self to despair ; tener 
la — per il cinffo, be prosperous, -na-e- 
«ia, p.: ill luck, -naggio, M.: storm. 
-nalef, ADJ. : accidental'; tempestuous, 
-naref, INTR. : suffer storm at sea ; TR. : 
bless, make fortunate, -natamente, 
ADV. : fortunately (luckily), -nato, ADJ. : 
fortunate, -neggiare, INTR.: hazard, 
-nevole, ADJ. : fortuitous, -nona, aug. 
of ^Jiffi. -nosamente, ADV. : happily ; 
by chance, -noso, adj. : hazardous; un- 
expected. ' 

for-turat, P. : force (strength) ; valour. 
-tnzzo, ADJ. : sourish. 

fordncolo [L. furunculus (fur, thief)], 
M. : boil (felon). 

forviare [fori, via], INTR. : wander from 
the road ; stray. 

f6rvi«it = forbid. 

forvojrUat, adv. : against one's will. 

for-za [-te], F. : force (strength); PL.: 
forces ; troops ; gymnastics, equestrian 
sports : a — , or a viva — , by violence ; 

far — , force, constrain ; per — , against 
one's will; per — di, by strength of, 
with the aid of. -zamentof, M. : con- 
straint, -zare, TE. : force (compel) ) 
eefl. : strive, -zatamente, adv. : con- 
strainedly, -zato, PAET. of -zare; ADJ.: 
constrained ; excessive ; M. : galley-slave ; 
convict : lavori -zati, galley labour, -za- 
t6re, M., -zatri'Ce, F. : 


rinaio, M. : coffer-maker, -zevolet, 
ADJ. : FORCIBLE, -zevolmentef, adv. : 
forcibly, -ziere, M. : coffer (strong- 
box), -zierotto, -zierettino, dim. of 

-ziere. for-zof, M. : force ; effort. -z6- 
ref, M. : strength (of flavour) ; sourness. 
-zosamente, adv. : vigorously ; im- 
posed by the law. -zoso, -znto, adj. : 
sturdy (vigorous) ; valiant. 

fo-scaiM.ente, ADV. ; obscurely, gloomily. 
Ilfo-sco [L. fuseus], adj. : dark (obscure, 
gloomy, Eng.f obrnscATE) : guardatura 
-sea, sad look. 

fo-sfatico, ADJ. : phosphatic. -sfato, 
M. : phosphate, -sforescente, adj. : 
phosphorescent, -sforescenza, F. : phos- 
phorescence, -sfdrico, ADJ. : phosphor- 
ic. Ilfo-sforo [Gr. phosphoros (phds, 
light)], M. : phosphorus. 

fos-sa [L.], F. : ditch (trench) ; grave ; 
granary cut in tufa-rock, -sac-eia, disp. 
of -sa. -sarello, dim. of -sato. -sa- 
ta€-eiot, disp. of -sato. -satello, dim. 
of -sato. -sato, M. : small torrent ; drain. 
-serella, -serello, dim. of -sa. -set- 
ta, car. dim. of -sa. -settino, dim. of 
-setto. -setto, dim. of -so. -si«ella, 
-si«ina, car. dim. of -sa. fos-sile, 
ADJ., M. : fossil, -silizzare, TR., refl. : 
fossilize, -silizzazione, F. : fossiliza- 
tion. fos-so, M. : large open ditch, -so- 
ma, ang. of -sa. -sous, aug. of -so. 

foto-grafare, TE. : photograph ; refl. : 
have one's self photographed. ||-grafia 
[Gr. phos, light, grdphein, write], F. : pho- 
tography ; photograph, -grafico, ADJ. : 
photographic, fotfi-grafo, M. : photog- 

fotti=Teiitot, M. : kestrel, wind-hover 

fra I [frate], M. : feiar (BROTHer). 

tra.2, fra- [infra], peep. : between, among, 
in : — noi altri, among ourselves ; — 
tre giorni, in three days ; — poco, in a 
short time ; — quanta ? in what time ? — 
tanto, in the meanwhile; — via, in the 

fracas-samento, M. : crash (smash, noisy 
breaking). ||-sare [fra, L. quassare], 
TE. : crash (break violently) ; eefl. : ruin 
one's self, -sato, paet., ADJ. : smashed ; 
very poor: — dalle fatiehe, broken with 
fatigue, -saturet, F.: crash; smashing. 
-sio, M. : uproar, clatter, fracas-so, 
M.: uproar ; great quantity : far —, make 
great noise in the world. 

feaccnrradof, M. : legless puppet : fare 
i — di, make faces, grimaces. 

fira-«idaret, INTE. : putrefy, -cid^zza, 
P. : rottenness. -eHieeio, ADJ. : soak- 
ing ; rotting ; m. : soaking ; rottenness. 
Ilt^a-eido [h.-cidus (root /rac-, break), 



soft], ADJ. : soaked ; soft (Eng.f fraoid), 
decayed : tu m' hai — , you have wearied 
me. -cidumef, M. : putrid mass ; wear- 
iness ; wearisome person, -di-eezzaf, F.: 
rottenness, fra-di-eio [by metath. fr. 
-cido], ADJ. : soaked ; decayed ; corrupt ; 
M. : soaking (wet condition, wetness) ; 
corruption: innamorato — , deeply in 
love ; malato — (vulg.), very ill. -di«ia- 
me, M. : soakage ; mass of rottenness. 

fragaf, P. : strawberry. 

fragel. .f =^flagel. . 

fra-gile [L. -gins'], adj. : fragile ; deli- 
cate' (of persons), -gilezza t, P. : fra- 
gility; weakness, -gilita, F.: fragility, 
frailty (weakness); oKangeableness. -gil- 
meute, ADV.: fragilely. -gmentof, 
M. : fragment. \\-gnBTe^=frangere. 

fragola [L. -ga], F. : strawberry. 

fragoref i , M. : PRAgrance. 

fra-gore 2 [L. -gor (root frag-, break)], 
M. : crashing noise, -gorio, M. : clatter. 
-goroso, ADJ.: noisy, -goso, ADJ.: noisy 
(tumultuous) ; sonorous. 

fra-grante [L. -grans], adj. : fragrant. 
-granza, P. : fragrance. 

fra(i)-le [L. fragHis], adj.: fragile; M. : 
(j>oet.) human body, -lezza, P. : frailty. 

frazmescolare, TE. : interMix (mingle). 

fra=inezzare, TE. : interpose. 

frammeu-to [L. fragmentuiri], M. : frag- 
ment. -tu-c«io, dim. of -to. 

frammescolare = framescolare. 

fram-messo, PAKT. of -mettere; ADJ. : in- 
serted; M.: insertion, -mettente, adj.: 
meddling (troublesome). || -mettere [fra, 
mettere], ire. ; TE. : interpose, insert ; 
EEFL. : mediate : — la lingua, lisp, -met- 
timentot, M. : interposition. 

frammiscTiiare [fra, mischiare], TE. : 

fra-na [? L. fragmina, fragments], F. : 
landslide, -nare, intr. : slide (of earth 
or rocks). 

fran-cagionet, F. : exemption. -ca- 
mente,' ADV. : frankly (freely), -ca- 
mento, M. : franking, freeing, -care, 
TR. : frank ; free, -catura, p. : frank- 
ing ; postage, -eescamentef, ADV. : 
in French fashion. -«escano, ADJ., M. : 
Franciscan. -cTi-eggiare, TR. : assure ; 
encourage. -chozia, p.: frankness; 
boldness; freedom; exemptionf. -cfci- 
gia, pi. -ge or -gie, F. : franchise (exemp- 
tion ; privilege) ; sanctuaryt (for crimi- 
nals). Ilfran-co [OHG./rajtcAo, Frank, 
also free man], M. : Frank ; franc ; sanc- 
tuaryt > ADJ. : frank ; bold ; privileged ; 
duty-free; speedy, expert: — di porta, 
postage paid. -co=b611o, pi. — i or (rare) 
-ehibolli, m. : postage-stamp, -oolino, 
M. : heathcock. 



fran-gente, PART, of -gere; u. : unfore- 
seen accident, difficult > case ; breakerf. 
Il&an.gere [L.], IRR.§ ; TR. : break, 
smash ; crush (olives, etc.) ; intr. : break 
(as a wave). 

§ Vret.yrdn'Si, -se; -sera. Virt.Jrdnio. 

fran-getta, Mm. of -gia. ||fran-gia 
[Fr. -ge (L. fimbria)], F. : fringe ; untrue 
additions to a story, -giaia, F., -giaio, 
M.: fringe-maker or seller, -gfdref, tr.: 

fran-giUle [-gere], ADJ. : frangible (brit- 
tle), -gibilita, F.: frangibility (brittle- 
ness). '-gimentot, M.: breaking; weak- 
ness ; fragment. 

frangione, aug. oifrangia. 

frauinassonef, M. : Freemason. 

frannonnolof, M. : dotard. 

franoso [-nare], ADJ. : liable to slip or 
slide (of earth). 

ftransi, PRET. of frangere. 

fran-tendere [fra, intendere], lER. ; TR. : 
misunderstand, -tesp, part, of -tendere ; 
ADJ. : misunderstood. 

fran-to, PART, of -gere; adj.: crushed, 
etc. -toio, M. : olive-crusher ; place 
where olives are crushed, -toiano, M. : 
olive-crusher tender. -tumare, TR. : 
crush to pieces, -tdmefi M., -tami, 
M. PL. : mass of fragments. 

franz. .f ^ franc. . ■ 

fraoref, M. : fragrance. 

frap-pa, F. : foliage-painting; fringe f: 
scalloping (of dresses)t. -pare [?], TR.f: 
cut fine ( mince, slash ) ; fringe ; cheat ; 
INTR. : paint or draw foliage ; chatterf. 
-patoref, M. : chatterer ; cheat, -peg- 
giare, INTR. : paint or draw foliage. 

trap - ponimeuto, M. : interposition. 
K-porre [fra, porre], ire. ; TR. : insert, 
interpose ; refl.: mediate, -pdsto, part. 
of -porre. -posizioue, F. : interposi- 
tion ; mediation. 

ftasario [se], M. : collection of phrases ; 
pet phrases. 

&a-sca [? ak. to L. root frag-, break, 
split], F. : bough, bush ; tavern-sign bush ; 
inconstant person; PL.: idle stories; gew- 
gaws ; vanities : saltare di polo in — , di- 
gress from the matter, talk ramblingly ; 
metier la — , open an inn. -scame, M. : 
quantity of branches, -scato, M. : shady 
recess made with boughs (bower); thick 
copse. -sc/ieggiape,lNTR.: rustle; jestf, 
playfool. -scfeeggio,M.: rustling. -scTie- 
reila, dim. of -sea. -acheria,, ¥.: trifles 
(gewgaws), -sch-etta, F.: dim. of -sea; 
twigs arranged for fowlers' nets; (typ.) 
PRISKET. -scfoieref, M. : frivolous man. 
'Soolina, dim. of -sea. -scouaia, F. : 
place for fowlers' nets ; ground too bushy; 
tree too much branched; anything too 


much ornamented, -soone, M. : aug. of 
-sea; seminare i -seoni, (of chickens) 
stretch wings through weakness ; (of per- 
sons) feel weak or used up. -scdme, m.: 
quantity of boughs. 

fra-se [Gr. phrdsis], F. : phrase, -seg- 
giamento, M. : phraseology. -seg- 
giare, INTR.: phrase; use many phrases. 

. -seggiatore, M. : phraser, -seologia, 
F. : phraseology, -setta, -settina, -si- 
ua, dim. of -se. 

fras-sinella, F. : false dittany; hone. 
-sineo, ADJ. : ashen, -sineto, M. : ash- 
grove. Ilfras-simo [L. fraxinus], M. : 

frasta-jrliaiuet, -{/liamento, M. : cut- 
ting (slashing) ; cut (slash, notch). ||-glia- 
re [f^a, tagliare], TR. : cut (cut up, 
slash); notch; stammert; talk confused- 
ly t- -ffliatat. P.: cutting; confusion. 
-(/liatamente, ADV.: f ragmentarily ; 
confusedly. -gliaturaf, F. : notch; 
eyelet, frasta-glfc, F. PL.: entrails. 
irastsL-glio, M. : open work (fret-work). 
-{/linme, disp. of -glio. 

fras=tenepet, IRR. ; TR. : keep waiting. 

frastono [fra, tono], M. : din (noise). 

fra=stornare, TR. : frustrate (impede); 
disturb, -stornio, M. : disturbance. 

fra-stnolof, -stnono ^ -stono. 

frasd«eia, disp. dim. of -se. 

fra-taccJiione, M.: big fat monk; (jeit.) 
disp. aug. of -te. -tacc/ii6ttb, M. : 
stocky, heavy-set monk. -ta«'eio, disp. 
of -te. -tafrlia, p. : crowd of monks 
(disp.). -t4io, ADJ.: fond of monks: 
zueca -taia, winter pumpkin, -tata, 
p. : monkish misdeed. ||fra-te [L. -ter, 
brother], m. : PRIAR ; hood-like tile for 
ventilating ; silk worm failing to make co- 
coon; kiad of fish; brotherf; PL.: dough- 
nut, -tellame, disp. of -telli. -tel- 
lauza, P. : brotherhood (fraternity). 
-tellastro, M. : half-brother, -telle- 
sco, ADJ. : (disp.) brotherly. toUevo- 
le, ADJ.: brotherly, -tellevolmente, 
ADV. : fraternally, -tellino, car. dim. 
of -tello. -t^llo, M. : brother : — car- 
nale (or germano), full brother; — di 
padre, half brother by father's side; — 
di madre (or uterino), half brother by 
mother's side ; -telli cugini, first cousins ; 
— di latte, foster-brother. -tellu-e«io, 
dim. of -tello. -telmof, M. : my brother. 
-teltof, M. : thy brother, -teria, F.: 
brotherhood; friary (community of monks). 
-ternalef, ADJ. : fraternal, -ternal- 
mentef, -ternamente, ADV. : frater- 
nally, -ternitai , P. : fraternity (brother- 
liness). -tepnitafz, F. : (reZ.) fraternity. 
-teriiizBare,lNTR.: fraternize, -terno, 
ADJ.: brotherly, -tesoamente, ADV.: 


monkisUy. -tesco, adj. : monkish, -ti- 
«ello, dim. of -<e. -ti«idat, m.: fratri- 
cide (person), -tieidio, M. : fratricide 
(crime). -ti«ino, dim. of -te. -tilof, 
ADJ. : monkish, -tino, adj. : (disp.) 
monkish ; M. : dim. of -te. -tismo, M. : 
monkery. -t6ne, aug. of -te. -tri«ida, 
M., P. : fratricide (person), -trieidio, 
M. : fratricide (crime), fra-tria, P. : 
Greek phratria. 

&atta [Gr. phraMS, hedge], p. : thorny 
hedge ; briar patch : esser per le — te, be 



&atta-9lia [L.fractus, broken], p. (us'ly 
pi.): entrail; medley (rubbish)., 
M. : entrail-seller. 

frattanto [fra, tanto], adv. : meanwhile. 

frattempo [fra, tempo], M. : interval. 

frat-to, part, of frangere: canto — , par- 
taking both of Gregorian chant and mu- 
sic, -tupa, P. : fracture ; ( geol.) fault. 
-turare, TR., rbpl. : fracture. 

frata««io, dim. of -te. 

fran-damtef, M. : defrauder. -dare, 
TR.: defraud, -datoref, M., -datri«et, 
p.: defrauder. ||fran-de [L./roas], P.: 
fraud, -dovolet, adj. : fraudulent, -do- 
lentef = -dolento. -dolentemente, 
ADV. : fraudulently, -dolento, adj. : 
fraudulent, -dolenza, F. : fraudulency 

fravo-la [fragola]. P.: strawberry, -laia, 
p., -laio, M. : strawberry-patch. 

frazione [L./raajere, break], p.: prac- 
TION (morsel). 

fre«-eia [Ger. flitschi, P. : arrow ; com- 
pass-needle ; (geom.) versed sine of an 
arc: dare la — 1> cheat, cozen. -«iare, 
INTR. : shoot an arrow ; dart ; TR. : cozen, 
cheat. -«iata, P. : arrow-shot (arrow- 
wound); sharp word, -eiatina, dim. of 
-data. -«iat6ret, M. : archer, -^io- 
sof, ADJ. : quick (prompt). 

fred-damente, ADV.: coldly (indifferent- 
ly), -dare, TR. : make cold; kill; repl.: 
grow cold: non la lasciate — , make 
haste, "strike while the Iron's hot." 
-dato, part, of -dare, -dezza, P. : 
coldness (indifference); slowness, -die- 
■eio, ADJ. : coolish. -dino, dim. of -do. 
Il&ed-do [L. frigidug], ADJ.: prigid 
(cold); phlegmatic (indifferent); M. : cold; 
indifference ; PL. : cold viands, -doloso, 
ADJ. : chilly ; sensitive to cold ; M. : chilly 
person. -doret, M. : coldness, cold. 
-dosof, ADJ. : chilly, -dotto, adj.: cool- 
ish ; M. : coolness, -dura, P. : coldness ; 
cold weather ; silly repartee : dire -dure, 
talk nonsense, -dnraio, -durista, M.: 
silly talker. 

foe-ga, P.: desire; spawningf; rubbing: 
essere in — , be in heat, be amourous. 

-ga-ecio, disp. of -go. -ga««iola- 
re, TR. : rub gently. -ga«eiolo, disp. 
dim. of -go. -gagione, M. : PRiction; 
rubbing, massage, -gamento, M. : rub- 
bing. Il-gare [L. fricare], TR. : rub; 
cancel (by lines) : — uno, swindle one ; 
-garsi intorno a uno, curry favour with 
one. -gatai, P.: rubbing, polishing; 

fregata2 [?], p.: frigate. 

frega-tina [-re], P. :, slight rubbing, -tu- 
ra, P. : rubbing, friction. 

firegetto, dim. of -gio. 

fregTietto, dim. of -go. 

fre-giamento, M. : ornament, -giare, 
TR. :' ornament (decorate), -giatnra, P. : 
decorating; border. ||fre-gio [1. L./ri- 
gium (Phrygice, Phrygians)]," M. : carved, 
embroidered or painted ornament ; border ; 
decoration (medal). 

fre-go i-gare], M. : line (stroke) ; erasure : 
dare (or fare) «7i — , cancel ; erase ; fare 
un — ad uno'f, to injure one. fre-gola, 
P. : spawning ; longing, desire, fre- 
golof, M. : shoal of spawning fish. 

fre-mente, ADJ. : raging, fuming, chaf- 
ing. llfrS-mere [L.], INTR. : roar, howl ; 
chafe, fret ; tremble with" rage or pas- 
sionf. -mitaref, INTR. : freq. of -mere. 
fre-mito, M. : roaring, raging; trem- 
bling; neighing. 

fre-naMle, ADJ. : restrainable. -naiof, 
M. : bit-maker ; (rail.) brakesman. ||-na- 
re [L.],TR.: curb (restrain; brake), -na- 
tore, M., -natri«e, P.: restrainer, 
brakesnian. -nellafi, P. : bit (curb). 

freiiella2 ::=flanella. 

fre-nello [-nare], M. : ligament (esp. of 
tongue) ; muzzlef ; necklacef ; braceletf. 

fre-nesia [Gr. phrenesis (phrSn, mind)], 
F. : FRENZY (delirium), -neticamente, 
ADV. : frantically, -netioamento, M. : 
frenzy, -neticante, PART., ADJ. . fran- 
tic (raving), -neticare, INTR. : rave (be 
delirious). -netic7iezza,P. : frenzy. -n6- 
tico, ADJ.: phrenetic; frantic (mad); M.: 
madman, fre-nico, ADJ. : phrenic, -ni- 
te, P. : Inflammation of diaphragm, -ni- 
tide, P. : phrenitis. 

freno [L. -num], u. : bit ; restraint ; brake : 
a — sciolto, with loose rein ; allargare (or 
railentare) il — , allow more liberty; 
tenere a (or in) — , restrain, hold to one's 

freno -logia [Gr. phrin, mind; logos, 
discourse],'p. : phrenology, -logico, ADJ. : 
phrenological, freno-logo, 'm. : phren- 

frennlo [-no], M. : ligament. 

freqnen-tare, TR. : frequent, -tativo, 
ADJ. : (gram.) frequentative. -tato, 
PART. : frequented, crowded, -tatore, 

188 fireqnentatrioe 

M.,-tatri«e, F. : frequenter, -tazione, 
P. : frequenting, haunting ; (xhet.) r&ume. 
Ilfrequen-te [L. frequens], adj. : fre- 
quent (ordinary), -temente, ADV.: fre- 
quently, frequen-za, P. : frequency ; 
fres-oam^nte, ADV. : freshly (recently). 
-oante, M. : fresco-painter. -cTtetto, 
dim. of -CO. -o^ezza, P. : freshness (cool- 
ness). -oTiino, dim. of -co. ||&es-co 
[OHG. frisc], adj. : pbesh (cool ; re- 
cent, new-made) ; ruddy ; m. : coolness : 
di — , recently, just now ; dipingere a — , 
paint in fresco ; forze (or milizie) fresche, 
raw troops ; prendere il — , enjoy cool- 
ness, take the air ; per il — , very early, 
after dawn, -ob-e-eio, ADJ. : ruddy, -co- 
lino, dim. of -co -cura, P. : coolness, 
sharpness (of air) : prender una — , get 
chilled, catch cold. 
fretot, M. : the sea. 

fret-ta, P. : haste, hurry. H-tare [L. 
fricare], TK. : scrape (ship's bottom). 
-tazza, P. : (nav.) hog, scouring brush. 
-teriaf , P.: haste, -tevole, adj.: hasty ; 
nimble, -tolosamente, adv.: quickly, 
hastily, -toloso, -tosof, adj. : quick, 
hasty, nimble. 

friabi-le [L. -lis], ADJ. : friable, -lita, 
p. : friability. 
fricassea [Fr. -cassee], p. : fricasee. 
frieref, M. : friar ; Christian knight. 
f rig-gere [L. frigere], IRE.§ ; tr. : pky ; 
INTE. ': sputter ; whine (pule) : buoue pa- 
role e -gi, fair words but no fulfillment ; 
mandare a farsi — , send or bring to 
ruin ; be ruined (lost) ; non avere di quel 
che si -ge, not to have brains or good sense. 
-111=11000, M. : child's whining, -gio, M.: 
sound of frying, hissing, -gitore, M. : 
frier ; vender of fried viands.' 

§ I'ret,_fris-si, -se ; -sero. Y^rX.fritto. 
frigi-dario, M. : cold-bath room, -dez- 
za', -dita, P. : frigidity ; ague ; indiffer- 
ence ; impotence. ||frigi-do [L. -dtis^, 
ADJ. : frigid (cold, chilly) ; infertile ; im- 
frigiouet, M. : Priesland horse. 
frijrnare [Ger. flennen, grimace], intr. : 
whine, pHle. 
fringuello \L. frigilla\, M. : chafiinch. 
frinzello [?], M.: botched inending; scar. 
foi-sare [Pr. -ser], TR. : hit foul (billiards, 
tennis, etc.). -sato, M. : striped cloth. 
-so, M. : foul stroke. 
friscellof, M. : mill-dust. 
frissi, PRET. of friggere. 
frit-ta, P. : frit, -tata, p. : omelet : — 
cogli zoccoli, stuffed omelet ; fare una — , 
make a mess of it ; rivoltare la — , correct 
one's self, contradict one's self, -tati- 
na, -tatino, car, dim. of -tata. -ta- 


tone, ang. of -tata. -t^la. P.: fritter; 
grease-spot (on clothing) ; fopf. -tel- 
letta, -tellina, car. dim. of -tella. 
-tellona, -tellone, aug. of -teUa. 
||frit-ta, PART, of friggere; adj.: un- 
done, ruined; m. : fried eatables, -tnmef, 
M., -tura, P.: frying; fry, mess; fried 
f rivo-let, ADJ. : frivolous, -lezza, p, : 
frivolity. ||frivo-lo [L. -lus], adj. : friv- 
friz-zamentof, M. : smarting; sharp wit- 
ticism, -zante, PART, of -zare; adj.: 
pungent (sharp). ||-zare [?], intr.: smart 
(sting ; be pungent) ; be witty, -zo, m. : 
sharp, witty saying ; smarting (pricking). 

frd-dat. P., -damento, M. : fraud (cheat- 
ing), -dare, TR.: defraud. -dat6re,l(., 
-datri-ee, P.: defrauder. ||fr6-de [L. 
fraus], P. : praud (deception), -'do, m. : 
smuggling; smuggled goods, -dolen- 
tef, ADJ. : fraudulent, -dolentemeu- 
te, ADV.: fraudulently, -dolento, ADJ.: 
fraudulent, -dolenza, P.: fraud (fraud- 

frol-lamentb, M. : making tender (of 
meat). Il-lare {L. *frieulare (fricare, 
rub)], TR. : make tender or "high" (of 
meat); intr.: become tender. -latnra, 
P. : tendering (of meat). frol-Io, ADJ. : 
tender, "high," enervated. 

from-bat,?.: sling. -1>atdre,M.: slinger. 
-tot, M. : whizzing, crash. ||fr6m-1iola 
[?], p.: sling; slingstone. -Itolare, TS. : 
sling. -Iiolatoret, -boliere, M. : 

fron-da [h.frons]. P.: leafy branch, bough, 
twig ; cf . Eng. FROND ; leaf, -deggian- 
te, PART, oi-deggiare; ADJ.: leafy.' -deg- 
giare, INTR. : bring forth leaves, -di- 
-eella, dim. of -da. -diferof, ADJ.: 
frondiferous. -diref, INTR.: leaf out. 
-ditof, PART, of -dire; adj.: leafy, -do- 
sita, p. : leafiness. -doso, ADJ. : leafy. 
-duratjP.: foliage, -dutof, adj.: leafy. 

fron-tale, ADJ.: frontal; M. : frontal 
bone ; frontlet. ||fr6n-te [L.frons], F. : 
front ; forehead ; face : a — , or alia — , 
opposite ; alia ■ — dell' esercito, at the head 
of the army ; da — , facing, opposite ; far 
— , resist ; andare a — , seoperta, not to 
be afraid (or ashamed) of anything ; stare 
a — , cope with, resist; voltar — , turn 
face. -teggiare,TR.: front, face, -te- 
spizio, m'. :' frontispiece ; fronton (pedi- 
ment), -tic/iinatot, ADJ.: downcast; 
abashed, -ti-eina, car. dim. of -te. -tie- 
ra, P. : frontier, boundary, -tispiziof 
= -tespizio. -tista, M. : proprietor of 
water or street frontage, -tone, M. : 
frontal; chimney-back, -tosof, ADJ.: 
bold (cheeky). 


foonziret = -dire. 

fron-zolo [L. -deolus, little leaf], M. : rib- 
bons ; tassels ; ornaments, -znto, adj. : 

firosone [Fr. /rinsore], M. : bullfinch. 
frot-ta [flutto], P., -tot, M. : crowd, 
throng, fir&t-tola, f. : idle jest ; non- 
sense; ballad, -tolaref, INTR. : jest, 
banter ; write ballads, -tolona, -tolo- 
ne, ADJ. . bantering (jesting) ; F., m. : 

fru frn [echoic], M. : frou-frou (rasping, 

frn -care [L. *furcare (farca, FORK)], 
INTK. : grope ; search ; sound with a stick ; 
TR. : search (seek diligently) ; excitef, in- 
citef. -cata, F. : groping; searching; 
blowf. -eiandolo, M. : oven-mop. 
-oonet, M. : pole; sounding-stick; pike- 
pole; club; fist-blow. 

fira - gaocTiiaiiieiito [frucare\, M. : 
searching; sounding. -gaccTiiare, TR.: 
sound with stick, search ; INTR. : grope. 
frnga-le [L. -Ms], adj. : frugal, -lita, 
p.: frugality. -Imente, ADV.: fru- 

fru-gamento, U. : groping. ||-gare 
[-care], INTR. : grope (fumble); tr. : sound 
(feel with stick); search; excitef, goadf. 
-gata, P.: groping; goadingf, pokingf. 
-gat6iot,M. : fish-driving pole, -gatore, 
M., -gatri«e, P. : groper, searcher. 
fm-gifero \L. frux, fruit], adj. : grain- 
bearing, -givoro, ADJ. : vegetarian. 
tm- gnol&To, INTR. : go fowling with 
lantern ; explore with a lantern, -ffno- 
latore, M. : lantern-fowler. ||-gndlo 
[fomuolo], M. : fowling lantern : andare 
a ■ — , be night-prowling; entrare nel — , 
fly into rage. -gmio. . = -gno. . 
frogo-lare [frugare];itnR.: search with 
the snout, -letto, -lino, ear. dim. of 
-lo. frngo-la, P., -lo, M. : restless, mis- 
chievous child. 

ftpu-if, M. : enjoyment, ll-ir© \L. fruor], 
TR. : enjoy, -itivo, adj. : (theol.) enjoy- 
able, -izione, F. : fruition ; enjoyment. 
£ral-la, P. : trifle, -lana, P. : scythe. 
Il-lare [?], INTR.: whiz (whiy) ; eepl.: 
hasten ; tk. : beat-up (as eggs, chocolate): 
far — , make go, run, keep to one's duty ; 
far — uno, make one hasten, -lino, m. : 
egg-beater; whirligig; triflef. frul-lo, 
M. : whirring; hand-millf; toyf. -lon- 
«ino, dim. of -lone, -lone, M. : bolting- 
chest ; hand-millf; four-wheeled calashf. 
fonmen-tario, ADJ. : relating to grain : 
Zejj'e-toria, corn-law. -tieref, M. : vict- 
ualler. ||framen-to [L. -turn], M. : grain. 
-tone, M. : maize, -tosof , adj. : grain- 
{!nimml&ref , INTB. : fuss. 



firn-sctaref, INTR. : pry around; tr. : an- 
noy (importune), -acio, M. : rustle. 
Ilfru-Boof [?], M. : dead twig (on tree). 

frasone [Fi. frinson], u. : bullfinch. 

frdssii ^Jlussi. 

&us-sif2,M. : primero (card-game); flush: 
stare a — , hold a flush, -sof, M. : = -si; 

frusta [L. fustis], P.: whip (scourge); 

frustagno [Fostat, city in Egypt], M. : 


frn -stare [-sta], TR. : whip (scourge; 
lash); wear out : farsi — , make one's self 
laughed at. -stata, P. : scourging (cas- 
tigation) ; censure, -statina, dim. of 
-stata. -statore, M.:. scourger (flogger). 
-statura, p.: whipping, scourging, -sti- 
no, M. : switch (riding-whip) ; fop ; snap- 
perf. &n-sto, ADJ.: worn out; ragged; 
M. : bit (morsel) : a — a — , bit by bit. 
-stone, M. : large, green switch. 

frn-straf [L.], ADV. : in vain. -str4- 
neo, ADJ. : vain (fruitless), -strare, 
TR. : frustrate, bafile. -stratorio, ADJ. : 

frd-ti-ee [L. -tex], u. : shrub. -ti«ello, 
-ti«etto, dim. of -tice. 

frut-ta, pi. -ta or -te, F. : PEUIT. -tald- 
lo, -tainolof, M.: fruit-seller, -tame, 
M. : fruit, -tare, INTR. : bear fruit ; be 
proliferous ; produce profit, -tato, part. : 
fructified ; planted with fruit ; M. : prod- 
uce, -terella, car. dim. oi.-ta. -teto, 
M.: fruit-patch, orchard, -tevolef, ADJ.: 
fruitful (fertile), -tieello, car. dim. of 
-to. -tidoro, M. : Fructidor (12th Fr. 
Rev. month), -tiera, P.: fruit-dish (des- 
sert-dish), -tifero, -tiferosof , ADJ. : 
fruitful (fertile), -tificare, INTR.: fruc- 
tify, bear fruit; produce; yield profit. 
-tificato, PART, of -tificare. -tifica- 
zione, P. : fructification, production ; 
profit, advantage, -tifico, ADJ.: fruitful. 
Ilfrnt-to [L. fructus], M. : fruit (prod- 
uce); fruit-tree; profit; rent: -ti fuor 
di stagione, (fig.) inopportune happenings ; 
— • del denaro, interest ; -ti di mare, small 
shellfish, -tnaref = -tare, -tuosa- 
mente, adv.: fruitfully (profitably, lu- 
cratively), -tuositaf, -tuositadef, 
-tnositatef , P. : fertility (abundance). 
-taoso, ADJ. : fruitful (profitable). 

fa I fa [echoic], M. : confusion (disorder). 

faf 2, p. : valerian (herb). 

fa3 [Pret. of essere], adj.: deceased (late).. 

facatof , ADJ. : feigned (affected). 

fa«i-lare, TR. : fusillade, -tata, P.: 
fusillade, -lazione, P. : fusillading {mil. 
sentence). Ilfaei-le [/ocile {foeo, fire)], 
M. : fire-steel; flre-lockgun; musket (rifie). 
-liere, M. : fusileer. faei-na, F. : 



forge : — vnfernale, hell, -nitat, p. : 
grfeat quantity, -netta, dim. of -na. 

f&co I [L. -cms], M. : drone-bee. 

fnco 2 [L. -cu«], M. : fucus, rook-lichen ; 
red dye. 

fa-ga [L.], F. : flight (escape); fugue : — 
di stanze, suite of rooms, -gaee, ADJ. : 
fugitive, transient. -ga«eiuente, ADV. : 
fugitively, transiently, -gaeita, P. : fu- 
gacity. -gare, TR. : put to flight (rout). 
-gatore, M., -gatri-ee, F. : putter to 
flight, pursuer, -ggaf =fuga. 

fng-gente, part, of -gire; adj.: swift 
(fleeting) ; M. : runaway, fng-gere t=: 
-gire. -gevole, adj.: fugitive (flying; 
transient)', -giascamente, adv.: fugi- 
tively. -gias'co, ADJ.: fugitive ; M.: fugi- 
tive : alla'-giasca, as a fugitive, -gibile, 
ADJ.: avoidable. -gi=fatica, m.,'invar.: 
work-shunner (idler), -gilozio, M. : pas- 
time (recreation), -gimento, M. : flight. 
II- gire \h. fugere]', IRR.^ ; intb. : flee, 
move swiftly ; take refuge ; TR. : shun 
(eschew) ; run away withf, elope ; con- 
ceal f; smuggle f. -gitaf. P.: flight. 

- gitic-eio f, ADJ. : fugitive. - gitiva- 
mente, ADV. : fugitively ; transiently. 

- gitiTO, -gitof, ADJ. : fugitive ; tran- 
sient ; M. : 'deserter (runaway), -gito- 
re, M., -gitri«e, P. : fleer (fugitive, de- 

§ Pres. /uggo, fuggi, etc. (Subj.) fugga. 
Vvifuggi. — Poet. : Pres. ^^i!a\. fuggia. 

fdiof, M. : Jhief ; villain ; ADJ. : thievish ; 
hidden (dark, obscure). 

fnl'ciret, TR. : prop (sustain). 

fhl-gente,ADJ. : shining (brilliant). ||ful- 
geref [L.], INTR. : be refulgent (glitter, 
shine, blaze), -gidezza, -giditaf, F. : 
fulgency (splendour), fnl -'gido, adj. : 
fulgent (Ijrilliant, resplendent), -go- 
ratot, ADJ.: refulgent, -gore, M. : 

ftiligg. . ^^jiligg. . 

falmi^cotone [Fr. -coton], M. : guncot- 
ton. -namento, M.: fulmination. -uan- 
tet, PART, of -nare; M. : sulphur match; 
percussion -cap (capsule), -uare, TR. : 
strike with lightning ; fulminate ; anathe- 
matize, -uariof, ADJ. : thundering, -na- 
to, FART, of -nare; dumfounded. -nazio- 
ne, P. : fulmination ; anathematization. 
Ilffiilmi-ne [L. fulmen], M. : lightning, 
thunderbolt, fulmi-neo, ADJ.: thunder- 
ing; fulmineous. 

{&l-vidot, ADJ.: brilliant (shining). ||-vo 
[L. -vus (,-gere, shine)], adj.: fulvid (fawn- 
coloured, tawny). 

[ta-macc^tio, M. : smoky charcoal ; vol- 
canic smoke-jets or pools ; fumigation. 
-maiolo, M. : chimney-pot ; smoky char- 
coali'. -malet, adj. : smoky, -man- 


te, PART, of -mare; M. : firef. -mare, 
INTB. : smoke, fume ; steam ; be enraged ; 
TR. : smoke (tobacco), -maria, F. : {hot.) 
fumitory, -mata, P.: smoke-signal; 
smudge against frost; tobacco-smoking. 
-matina, ear. dim. of -mata. -mato- 
re, M. : smoker, -mteaf, P. : fumes from 
the stomach, -micare, INTB. :freq. of 
-mare; TR. : fume, smoke, -micazionef, 
P. : fumigation, -micoso, fn-mido, 
ADJ. : smoky; steaming; fuming (of wine). 
-migazione, P. : fumigation, fn-mm. . 
^fum. . Ilfa-mo [L. -mus], M.: fume 
(smoke ; vapour) ; vanity (pride) ; nothing 
(a trifle), -mosello, -mosetto, dim. 
of -mA)so (Jig.) -mosita, P. : smokiness. 
-moso, ADJ. : smoky ; smoking ; fuming 
(of liquors) ; haughty (vain) : vino — , 
rich wine, -mosterno, M. : (bot.) pumi- 


fa-naio, -naiolo [-Tie], M. : rope-maker 
or seller : far come i -nai, retrograde, go 
backwards, -nambolo, -namlialo, M. : 
funambulist (rope-walker), -name, M.: 
ship-tackle (cordage), -nata, P. : a rope- 
ful : fare una — , get many prisoners, 
make a raid. 

fnnditoref, M. : metal founder. 

fane [L. -nis], p.: rope; torture-rack: 
un po' piU — , a little more help ; store 
sulla — , be in suspense. 

fu - nebre [L. -nebri$], adj. : funereal. 
Il-nerale DL. -nus], M. : funeral, -ni- 
reo, ADJ. : funereal, -nestare, TR. : 
sadden (afllict). -nesto, ADJ.: calami- 
tous (sad; fatal). 

fan-ga [-go], p.: mould, -gaia, P.: 
mushroom-bed ; (disp.) swarm (crowd). 

fnngere \L. -gH, tb. : perform (exercise). 

fan-gTiettino, car. dim. of -go. -ghet- 
to, dim. of -go.' -ghire, INTR.: get 
mouldy. ||fan-go [L. -gus], M.: fun- 
gus (mushroom; tumour); candle-snnff: 
far le nozze co'funghi, be niggardly, -go- 
lino, dim. of -go. -gosita, p.: fun- 
gosity. -goso, adj. : fungous, mouldy; 
snuffy (of candle). 

fnni-«ella. P., -eello, M., -eina, P. : 
dim. offune; twine. -oolare, ADJ.: 
funicular; umbilical. fani=oolo, M.: 
umbilical cord. 

fun -si, pret. of fungere. -zionare, 
INTB. : perform functions, ofiiciate. -zio- 
nario, M. : functionary, -zioneella, 
-zioneina, dim. of -zione. ||.zi6ne 
\h. -ctio (-gor, perform)], M. : FUNCTION 
(duty, ofiice). 

fnoo. . ^=foc. . 

fud-ra^-ri. -rcft-e -e, PREP.: excepted 
(save), -rc/iiuderet, TB. : shut out 
(exclude), -rofeinsot, PART.: shut out 
(excluded). -ret = -ri. ||fnd-ri [L./o- 


ros], PREP.: without; out ; beyond ; except : 

— di, except; di — re (-ra), outdoors; 
fuor — , through and through, quite 
through ; in — , except, saving ; fuor di 
maniera, extraordinary, extraordinarily; 

— di mano, out of the way, rather dis- 
tant; fuor di mode (d'ordine), extraor- 
dinarily ; esser — di «J, be delirious ; — 
di strada, out of the road, lost; — di 
tempo, inopportune, ( mus.) out of time ; 

— d' (deW) use, obsolete ; — via, out of 
the way, distant ; fuor voglia, unwillingly. 
-r=nscito, M. : exile. 

fara-eet, adj. : thieving, -mentot, M.: 
theft (robbery). Ufara-re [L. furari 
(/ar, thief)], TK.: rob; repl.: steal away 
(abscond), -toref, M. : thief (robber). 

fnr-baco7ii61a, -baccMolo, ear. dim. 
of -&o. -baoc/tiona, -'bacc/iione, 
aug. of -bo. -baochiotta, -bacc/iiot- 
to, dim. of -ho. -ba«eio, aug. of 
-io. -ba^-eiona, -bae«{6ne, aug. of 
-ho. -bamente, ADV. : slyly, -beria, 
F.: shrewdness (slyness; astuteness), -be- 
riola, car. dim. of -beria. -besca- 
mente, ADV. : astutely (shrewdly), -be- 
soo,, ADJ. : shrewd (sly, astute) : lingua 
(or parlare) -hesca (or -hesco), thieves' 
slang, cant, -betto, dim. of -bo. ||fdr- 
bo [OHG. -ban, polish], adj. : shrewd 
(sly) ; swindlingt ; rascallyf ; m. : shrewd 
fellow ; roguet (scoundrelt). -bone, aug. 
of -ho. 

forente [L. -rens\, ADJ. : rURious. 

fiirettot, M. : ferret. 

far-fanta«'eio, disp. of -fante. -fan- 
t&ggine, F.: knavery, -fantare, intr.: 
live' vicious life, -fante, part, of -fare; 
M. : rascal (kuave) ; adj. : wretched (vile) ; 
falsef. -fantollo, dim. of -fante. -fan- 
teria, F. : knavery, -fantesco, ADJ. : 
rascally, -fantino, ADJ. : rascally : lin- 
gua -fantina, rascals' slang, -fantono, 
aug. of -fante. ||-fare [L.foris facere, 
act beyond (the right)], TR. : cheat ; ex- 

fnri-a [L.], F. : fury (passion ; impetuos- 
ity) ; hurry. -a««ia, disp. aug. of -a. 
-almentet, ADV.: furiously, -aref, 
INTR. : be infuriated, -atot, part. : fu- 
rious, -bondaret, INTR. ; be furious, 
frantic, -bondo, adj. : furious (raging, 

fnriere ^foriere. 

fari-etta, dim. of -o. -osamente,ADV.: 
furiously (vehemently), -osetto, dim. 
of -oso. -osita, F. : furiousness. -oso, 
ADJ. : furious. 

fhrlana (and Yulg. frullana) [district of 
Friuli], F. : furlanian dance. 

tt-rot, M. : thief. -ron«ellot, dim. of 
■ ro. -p6net, aug. of -ro. 



fbro-re [L. -r], M. : fury (rage ; vehe- 
mence); furore ("hit"): far — , arouse 
enthusiasm, -reggiare, intr. : make a 

far-terello, dim. of -to. -tivamente, 
ADV.: furtively, -ti-ro, adj.: furtive. 
Ilfar-to [L. -tum (fur, thief)], M. : theft, 
booty : di (per) — , furtively, secretly. 

furdnoolof, M. : boil. 

fa-sa««io, disp. of -so 2, -saggine, F.: 
spindle-tree, -saio, M. : spindle maker 
or seller, -saiola, F. : spindle -rack. 
-saiolo, -saiuolot, M. : whirl for a 
spindle, -sarola = -saiola. -sata, F.: 
spindleful. -sato, ADJ.: spindling (ta- 

fascel-letto, -lino, M.: dim. of -lo: cer- 
care col — , search with minuteness or ped- 
antry; rompere il — , break friendship. 
Ilfuscel-lo [fusto'], M. : twig (stick) : -li 
impaniati, limed twigs; rompere il — , 
break friendship, -lino, dim. of -lo: 
cercar col — , search diligently, hunt for. 

fusciac-ca [Gex. fusshacke, heel (to which 
sash hangs)], F. : wide sash ; pendent ends. 
-00, M. : canopy for crucifix. 

fusciarra [? fustiaria, flogging], F. : 

fuscot, ADJ. : dark, gloomy. 

fusel-lato, ADJ.: spindling (tapering). 
-latura, F. : tapering (giving spindle- 
form). ||fbsel-lo [fuso2], M. : axle-end; 
wooden cylinder in paper-mill. 

fd-si, PRET. of fonder e. -sibile, adj. : 
fusible, -sibilita, F. : fusibility. 

fu-siera [-so 2], p. : spindle-holder. -si= 
forme, ADJ. : spindle-form. 

fn-sione. P.: fusion (melting). ||fn.-soi, 
FART, oifondere: fused (melted, liquefied). 

fd-so2, pi. -si or -so [L. -sus], M. : spin- 
dle; shaft; custom -officer's sounding- 
stick ; bell-founder's wooden model ; ar- 
bour of mill; pi. -sa, purr: fare le -sa, 
purr; far le -sa torte, be unfaithful to 
one's husband, fu-solo, m.: dim. of -so; 
shin-bone ; axle of millstone. 

fnsonet, M. : two-year-old stag : a — , in 

fasorio [-«oi], ADJ.: relating to metal- 
melting : forno — , f using-f umace. 

tdsta I [L. -tis}, F. : light galley. 

fdstaf 2, F. : small torch. 

fusta^rno [Fostat, in Egypt], M.: FUSTIAN. 

fn-stdio, M. : saddle-frame maker, -sti- 
«ello, M. : small stalk, -stigdre, TR. : 
flog, -stigazione, F. : flagellation. ||fd- 
sto [L. -stis, club], M. : stalk ; trunk ; 
framework (of furniture, etc.) : — della 
ehiave, barrel of a key ; — della stadera, 
arm of steelyard. -stu««fo, dim. of -sto. 

fdtat, F. : flight. 

fdti-le pi. -lis\, ADJ. : futile (vain), -li- 



-Imente, ADV. : fn- 

ta, P. : futility. 


futn-ramentet, ADV. : in future. Ilfu- 
tu-To [L. -rus], ADJ., M. : future : anno 
— , next year ; i -ri, posterity. 

g gi [L.], M. : g (the letter). 

gablazdeo [-re], M. : bigot, hypocrite. 
-mento, M. : deceit. =in6iido, M., IN- 
VAK. : deceiver (Eng.f gabber). 

gabba-nella, F.: hospital blouse, -net- 
to, dim. of -no. Ugabba-no [? cf. Eng. 
gabardine, Sp. gaidn)], m.: rustic cloak or 
frock; clumsy overcoat, -none, aug. of 

gab-bare [-Jo], TR. : deceive (cheat), dis- 
appoint (Eng.f gab); deridef ; beguilet: 
-barsi d' uno, jeer at. -ba=santi, M., 
INVAR. : bigot; hypocrite, -batore, M., 
-batri-ee, F. : deceiver, Impostor (cf. 
Eng.f gabber), -bevole, ADJ. : deceit- 
ful, contemptible. 

gab-bia [L. cavea, cavity], F. : cage, 
aviary ; prison ; olive or grape bag ; ox- 
muzzle ; Inav.) top (for top-mast rigging). 
-biaio, M. : cage-maker. 

gabbiano [L. gavia, sea-mew], M. : gull ; 
(jig.) fool. 

gab-biata [-6ia], F. : oageful (of birds). 
-biere, -biero, M. : \nav.) top-man. 

. -bietta, -biettina, -biola, -biolina, 
dim. of -bia. -bionata, F. : large cage- 
ful (of animals); (fort., hydr.) gabionade 
(structure of gabions). -bion«ello, dim. 
of -bione. -bione, M. : large cage (esp. 
compartment owl cage); (mil., hydr.) ga- 
bion, -biu-eeia, dim. of -bia. 

gabbo [Fr. gaber (ASax. gabban, mock, 
gab)], m. : mocking : pigliare (prendere) 
a — or far si — di, laugh at, mock, make 
light of ; (fig.) veil. 

gabel-la [Pr. -le], F. : excise-tax ("oc- 
troi"); excise custom-house; government 
salt-housef : fare il minchion per nan pa- 
gar ■ — , pretend ignorance to avoid trouble 
or expense, -labile, adj. : taxable, du- 
tiable ; (fig.) approvable, admissible, -la- 
re, TR. : assess, levy tax on; pay (tax); 
credit: — una eosa per, make a thing 
pass as or for; - — una cosa, accept a 
thing as true, -liere, M. : exciseman ; 
tax farmerf. -lino, -lotto, disp. of 

gabi-nettino, car. dim. of -netto. ||-net- 
to [Fr. eabinef], M. : cabinet ; private 
study ; closet ; cabinetf (chest of drawers). 

gabrina, F. : hag (from character in 


gabro [?], M. : (min.) serpentine. 

gag-gia [6r. akakia, thorn-tree], f.; 
acacia-flower, -gioi, m.: acacia. 

gaggio2f, M. : GAGE (pledge); hostage; 
salary ; reward : — morto, lost capital. 

gaglicLT-da,, F.: old dance, -damente, 
ADV. : vigorously, -dazzof , disp. of -do, 
-dezza, F. : strength (esp. of liquors). 
-dia, F.: robustness, vigour. Uga^rliar- 
do [Celt, gall, strength], ADJ. : strong, 
robust; powerful: alia -da, vigorously, 
valiantly ; borsa -daf, full purse ; vino — , 
rich wine. 

gai/liof , M. : rennet. 

gagKof-fa««io, disp. of -fo. -faggine, 
F. : worthlessness, doltishness. -famen- 
te, ADV. : doltishly. -feria, F.: worthless- 
ness ; scurrilityf . Ilgagliof-fo [?], M. : 
worthless fellow ; dolt ; adj. : coarse, 
brutal ; worthless ; knavish, -fone, aug. 
of -fo. 

gagltosof , ADJ. : containing rennet. 

gaglittolof , M. : seed-vessel (pod shell). 

Gagnof, M. : lair (of wild beast); stable, 
fold; intrigue; abdomen. 

gajruo-lamento, M. : yelping. ||-lare 
[?], INTR. : yelp, whine, -lio, M. : whin- 
ing, yelping. 

ga-iamente, ADV.: gayly (merrily), -iet- 
to,dim. of -io. -iezza, F.: gaiety, joyous 
temper. ||ga-io [OHG. gahij, ADJ. : GAY 
(merry, joyful, bright) ; well provided. 

ga-la [OFr. -le], F. : strip of galoon or 
lace; finery (ornament); gala (pomp): con 
— , gracefully ; di —, merrily, cheerfully ; 

frankly ; fai , be merry, feast ; giorno 

di ■ — , gala day ; star suite -le, love dress, 
and finery; follow the fashion, -lano, 
M. : elegant bow(-knot). -lante, ADJ. : 
gallant (showy, gay in dress, elegant); 
given to love (amourous); M.f : gallant 
(lady's man, cicisbeo); adv. : = -Zanie- 
mente. -lanteggiare, intb. : play the 
galant. -lantemente, ADV.: elegantly; 
gallantly (in a gallant or polite manner). 
-lanteria, F. : finery (elegant thing, 
trinket, small article of jewelry, Eng.f 
gallantry) ; gallantry, politeness, atten- 

galantina 0. L- -latina, jelly], f. : ca- 
pon pie. 

galant-ino, dim. of galante. -omino- 
ne, disp. aug. of -omo. -omismo, M.: 
act of a man of honour, honourableness. 
=dino, M. . man of honour, honest man. 
-omone, aug. of -omo. =udnio = -omo. 

galappio [calappio], M. : trap (snare, 

galassiaf , F. : GALAXY ; milky way. 

galateo [Galata, suburb of Constanti- 
nople], M. : Galateo (book by Casa, which 
teaches manners); civility (good breeding). 


gala-tidat, ll-ttite [Gr. gdla, milk], p.: 
galactite (milk-stonef). -ttofagof, m. : 
one who eats milky foods. 

gal-baniferot, ADJ.: producing galba- 
num. Il-bano [L. -ftanitm], M.: galbanum 
(gum of Syriac plant). 

gald. -t = gaud. . 

galea i [L. (cf . Eng. galea)], P. : helmet. 

galea 2 [?], F. : galley. 

galearet, TR. : deceive (cheat, impose 
upon); make fun of Oaugh at). 

galeato [galea i], part.: galeated (wear- 
ing a helmet). 

galeatoref, M. : deceiver (cheater). 

galeazza [galea 2], p. : large galley. 

galeffaret, TR. : ridicule ; laugh at. 

ga-leone [-Zea2], m.: galleon (Span, ship), 
large galley; (^5.) vagabond, cheat (knave). 
-leottaf. P.: (mau.) galliot, -leotto, 
M. : galley-slave (convict); cheat; pimpf; 
pilotf. -16ra, F. : galley ; punishment ; 
place of punishment. 

ga-lericnlof, dim. of -lero. |l-lero \L. 
-lerum {-lea, helmet), cap], M. : fur cap ; 
pontiff's cap ; priest's cap. 

ga-lestrino, ADJ. : of clay. ||-lestro 
[?], M. : kind of clay, -lestroso, adj. : 
of clay. 

gali-gaio [L. caliga, shoe], M. : tanner 

gali-gamentof, M. : dimness (of sight). 
Il-garef, intk. : be dim-sighted, be in- 
volved in a mist. 

galionet ^ galeone. 

galiossot, M. : skittles, nine-pins. 

galla [L.], P.: gall-nut; tumour; bubble; 
glandf; acomt; pillf; berryf: star a 
— , float. 

gallaret I [? galla\, INTE. : float ; exult 
(be elated); be proud. 

gal-lare2 [-16\, TR. : fecundate (of the 
cock), -lastrone = -lerone. 

galleg-giamento, M.: action of floating. 
Il-giare [? ffaZ/a], INTE. : float ; be very 
gay (have excessive joy). 

galleria [1. L.], F. : GALLERY ; tunnel. 

galleroue [gallo], M. : large cock. 

gallettai, P. : kind of grape. 

gallettaf 2, p. : goblet. 

gal-lettino, dim. of -letto. |l-letto 
\rl6\, M. : young cock ; leguminous plantf. 

galletti [galetta], M. : thin cake. 

galli«inio [gallo], M. : cock-crow ; mid- 
night (when the cock crows). 

galli-«ismo [Gallid\,u.: gallicism, gal- 
li-co, pl!-ci, ADJ.: Gallic (French): morho 
— , syphilis. 

gal-lina [^allo], F. : hen : — di Farao- 
ne, — prataiola, Guinea hen ; — gobba, In- 
dian hen ; — regina, wood-hen ; latti di 
— , beverage composed of eggs, milk and 
sugar, something rare and exquisite; — 



mugellese, one who looks younger than he 
really is ; giuoco delle -line, private lot- 
tery ; andare a — , die, go to ruin ; man- 
dare a — , fling away, ruin. -lina'e«ia, 
disp. of -Una. -lina««io, M. : turkey- 
cock ; mushroom. -lina«eo, ADJ. : gal- 
linaceous, -linaio, M. : chicken-coop ; 
chicken -thief; one who runs a private 
lottery, -lionet, M. : bad capon ; block- 
head. Ilgal-lo pj. -lus], M. : cock ; = 
-loria^ : — d' India, turkey-cock ; — di 
montagna, heath-cock ; far il — , mettere 
su — , put on airs (be arrogant) ; il — 
della cheeea, ladies' man; pii, largo d'un 
— 1> avaricious man ; pi's, bugiardo che 
%n — 1> great liar; pi^ scoperto d'un — , 
great boaster. 

gal-lonare, TR. : ornament with galloon 
(lace), -lon^iao, dim. oi -lone. ||-16ne 
[? -a], M. : GALLOON (lace) ; flank (side)t. 

gal-loria [-Zo], P. : clamour (noise, ex- 
altation): far — , be haughty, -loria- 
ref, INTR. : be clamorous (exultant). 

gal-lozza [-/a], -lozzola, P. : gall-nut ; 
swelling ; bubble, -luzzaref, INTR. : 
thrill with joy (exult). 

galop-pare [?], INTR. : gallop, -pata, 
F. : galloping; race, -patore, M. : gal- 
loper, -pino, M. : useful person, errand 
boy. gal6p-po, M. : gallop ; (of persons) 
andare a ■ — , go in great haste. 

galoscia [?], P. : galoche. 

galdppof, M. : kind of soldier ; (Jig^ ab- 
ject man. 

galva-nico, ADJ. : galvanic. H-nismo 
[inventor Galvani], M.: galvanism, -niz- 
zare, TR. : galvanize. 

gam-ba [L.], P. : leg (Zii. or fig.); (mus.) 
bar : andare a -be alzate (or -bate), go to 
ruin ; andar di buona mala — , go will- 
ingly or unwillingly ; aver — a una cosa, 
know how to do a thing, have much prac- 
tice ; darla a -be, take to one's heels ; 
dare alle -be a uno, hurt one with words 
and actions ; esser in -be, be well, though 
old ; fare di sotto — , do with much ease ; 
guardar la — , take care ; maiidar a -be 
levate, trip up one's heels, ruin;' met- 
tersi la coda, la via, fra le -be, walk 
fast ; mettersi, rimettersi in -Je,^ecover ; 
mettersi il capo fra le -be, go away for 
shame ; raddrizzare, addrizzare le -be 
a' cani, fatigue one's self in vain ; non reg- 
gersi in -be, be very weak on account of 
sickness or old age ; stare bene, male, in 
-be, be strong or weak, -ba-eeia, disp. 
of -&(t. -bale, M. : shoe -last; stock, 
trunk (of tree)t; cuisht. -bata, P.: 
kick (blow with the leg) : dar la — , sup- 
plant another in love, -bera-eeia, p. : 
ulcerated leg. 

gam-berellof, dim. of -bero. Ilgam- 



bero [L. -barus (camera, arch), sea- 
crab], M. : crayfish ; (typ.) doublet : — di 
mare, lobster ; far come i -beri, go back- 
wards (be unprogressive). 

gam-berone, M. : varicose or swollen 
leg ; long-legged fellow, -beruolo, M. : 
greave (leg armour), -betta, disp. dim. 
of -60. -bettaret, intk. : kick the legs 
about, -betto, M. : dare a uno il — , 
trip up one's heels ; (Jig.) injure. -bi6ra 
= -bale, -bina, -bino, car. dim. of -ba, 
-bo. |i-bo [L.-ba, hoof], M.; stalk (stem); 
joint ; trunki» (of tree) ; limb (of letter, 
stroke)t. -bona, -b6ue, aug. of -ba, -bo: 
dare — , grow insubordinate, -buecia, 
disp. of -be. -bulef, M. : cnish (thigh- 
guards), -bntot, ADJ.: thin -stalked; 

gamella [Pr. -lie (L. camera, vault)], P. : 
(mil.) tin-can used for mess. 

gam-ma [Gr.], P. : gamma (third letter 
of Greek alphabet), -mautto, -laaut, 
M. : (surg.) bistoury (small knife). 

ga(m)mar-Ta [? Sp. camarro], P., -riiio, 
M. : petticoat ; woollen cloth. 

ganat, P. : (pop.) di — , willingly (with 
pleasure); di maZa — , unwillingly. 

ga-nascia [L. gena, cheek], P. : jaw- 
bone (jaw); PL.: jaws (of pincers, vise, 
etc.); part of a gun which holds the flint 
(flint-box), -nascino, car. dim. of 
-nascia. -nascionet, M. : slap on the 
face ; (mus.) Italian lute. 

gan-eetto, dim. of -cio. -«iata, P. : 
grasping with a hook. Ugan-eio [? L. 
cancer, crab], M. : metal-hook (hasp). 

gangTie-rare, TE. : fasten to or set on 
hinges, -ratura, P. : place where a 
thing is hinged -rella,/em. of -ro: — 
maglietta, stitch or mesh in netting, -ret- 
to, -rijio, dim. of -ro. ||gang7i.e-ro 
[? L. cancer, crab], M. : hook (clasp); 
hinge : stare ne' -ri, take heed (be on 
one's guard); eavar de' -ri, take off one's 
guard ; dare, fare are — ,give the slip (run 
away); uscir d^ -ri, esser fuori de' -ri, 
get angry ; uomo fatto a -ri, grumbler. 

gan^rlio [Gr. -glion\, M. : ganglion 

gango=la \_glanduld\, F. : gland ; king's 
evil : far — a uno, spite one with a cer- 
tain action, -loso, adj.: glandulous; 

Oanime-de [L. Ganymedes], M. : Gany- 
mede ; dandy (fop), -duzzo, diip. of -de. 

ganniret, INTR. : yelp. 

gan-za [?], P. : mistress, -zare, INTR. : 
be in love, -zeriuo, M. : spark, -zo, 
M. : lover (paramour). 

gara [?], P.: competition (rivalry): a — , 
in competition with ; vincere la — , carry 
off the prize. 


garaballaref, (in)tr. : confuse (disar- 
range) ; deceive (defraud) ; be idle. 

garagolf. . = caracal. . 

gara-mon«ino, M. : bourgeois (kind of 
printing type). ||-m.6ne [printer Gara- 
mond], M. : long primer type. 

gar-ante [MHG. warens], M. : WARRANT, 
guarantee; surety; (naut.) rope's end. 
-antire, TR. : guarantee (act surety); 
save (render secure), -anzia, p. : guar- 
anty (security, warranty). 

garavinaf, P. : sea-gull. 

gar-ba-e-eio, M. : disp. of -bo; impolite- 
ness (incivility; impolite action), -bare 
[-60], INTR. : please (be agreeable, suit); 
begracefulf. -batamente, adv.: grace- 
fully ; politely, -batezza, P. : polite- 
ness (gracefulness, gentility), -batino, 
car. dim. of -bato. -bato, PART. : grace- 
ful, pleasing ; polite (civil) : un lavoro — , 
work done elegantly, skilfully ; troppo — , 
too kind (expression of thanks to one who 
has done a kindness) ; (iron.) ■ — il signo- 
rino, impolite, uncivil man. -beggiaref, 
INTR. : please (suit, be agreeable), -bi- 
no i, car. dim. of -bo. .-binoz, M.: south- 
west wind. Ilgar-bo i [?], M. : manner, 
esp. graceful manner (grace, elegance); 
taste ; skill ; ornament : noma di — , 
courteous man; a ■ — , good (excellent); 
well ; gracefully. 

gaFbo2 [OHG. harw (= Ger. herb)], ADJ.: 
tart (sharp, bitter); harsh (rude). 

garbd^lio [?], M. : confusion, intrigue; 
agitation : — di venti t, whirlwind ; roe<- 
ter in — f, embroil (disorder, confuse). 

gareg-giam^nto, M. : contention, emu- 
lation. 'Il-giare [jara], INTR. : compete 
(rival), -gilatore, M., -giatrice. P.: 
competitor (rival). gareg-giot> 1.: 
contention, -gioso, adj. : contentious. 

garent. . = garant. . 

garetto [OPr. -rei], M. : Achilles' tendon ; 
(nant.) top-rim. 

garga-srliaref [ak. to gorgo'], INTR.: 
sing noisily, -^liataf, P. : clamour. 
-nella, used adv. : bere a — , drink with- 
out putting the vessel to the lips, gulp 
down, -nti^liaf, p. : neck-lace, -pi- 
smo, M.: gargle (gargarism). -rizzare, 
TR. : gargle (Eng.f gargarize). -rozzo, 
M.: throat (crop, craw), -'ttaf, p: throat. 

gargia [? cardid], p. : gill (of fish). 

gargo [? OHG. karg, bad], adj.: crafty 
(knavish, sly). 

gargdtta [Fr. -gote (root jrar^- , swallow)], 
F. : chop-house (paltry eating-house). 

garibof, M. : dance (ball). 

garo-fana, adj. : of October pears ; of 
cloves, -fandref, TR. : give or impart 
the odour of cloves, -fanata, P. : plant 
good for wounds. -fan4to, adj. : which 


smells like carnation or cloves : viola — , 
kind of gillyflower. Ugaro-fano [Gr. 
karu6-phullon, 'nut-leaf'], m. : aroma of 
cloves or carnation ; clove ; gillyflower. 

garone = gherone. 

ga-rontolare, TR. : (vulg.) strike with 
the fist. Il-rontolo [Gr. gronthos, fist], 
M. : fisticuff (blow under armpit). 

garosellot = carosello. 

garosot, ADJ. : contentious. 

garpat, F. : spavin ; PL. : galls. 

garrese [?], M. PL. : withers, shoulders 
(of domestic animals). 

garret-taf, -to = garetto. 

gar-revolef, ADJ. : menacing ; scolding 
(rebuking), -rimentof, M. : chiding (re- 
buking, reprimand). ||-pire [L.], intb. : 
warble (chirp, chatter) ; TR. : scold (re- 
prove, reprimand, chide). -rissariof, 
ADJ. : garrulous (talkative), -rito, M. : 
(poet.) chirping (warbling) ; rebuff (repri- 
mand), -ritore, M. : scold (grumbler). 

garm-lamente, ADV. : in a prattling 
manner, -litaf, F.: garrulity (loquacity); 
slander (calumny). ||garrn-lo [L. -lus], 
ADJ. : GARRULOUS (talkative). 

garza [Sp. (L. ardea)], P. : white heron. 

gar-zare, TB.: card cloth, -zatore, M. : 
one who cards cloth, -zella, P. : instru- 
ment for carding cloth. II -zo [cardo], 
M. : cardt ; carding of cloth : dare il — , 
card, -zolo, M. : heart of lettuce or 
cabbage; wax drawn and bleached; fine 

garzo-linot, M.: little boy (child). Ijgar- 
z6-na, F., -ne [ak. to Fr. gargon (der.?)], 
M. : farm-servant ; shop-boy ; boy ; bache- 
lorf. -nastrof, disp. of -ne. -ii«ello, 
-ii«ino, dim. of -ne. -neggiaref, 
INTB.: make one's self young. ' -netto, 
ear. dim. of -ne. -nevolmentef, adv. : 
boyishly (childishly) ; like a young man. 
-nezzaf, F. : boyhood (childhood) ; youth. 
-nUot, ADJ. : boyish (childish), -mottot, 
aug. of -Tie. 

garzadlof = garzolo. 

gas, (vulg.) gasse [word made by v. Hel- 
mont], M. : gas. -ometro, M. : gasome- 
ter, -osa, F. : drink, potion, -oso, ADJ.: 

gasti-gagionet, F. : castigation (pun- 
ishment, chastisement), -gamatti, M. : 
whip ; chastiser. -gamentof, M. : pun- 
ishment (chastisement). ||-gare [L. eas- 
tigare\, tb. : castigate (chastise, punish); 
correctt; reprimandf (reprove), -gatoz- 
za, F. : purity of style, -gatore, M., 
-gatri«e, F. : castigatob (chastiser). 
-gaturaf, -gazionef, F. : castigation 
(chastisement), gasti-go, M. : castiga- 
tion (punishment, correction); annoying 
musical instrument. 



ga-stralgia, F. : gastralgia. -stri«i- 
smo, M. :' gastric affections. ||ga-stri- 
co [Gr. gastlr, stomach], adj.: gastric; 
of gastric fever : sughi — ei, gastric juice. 
-stronomia [Gr. -ster, -nom6s, law], P. : 
gastronomy, -stronomico, ADJ. : gas- 
tronomic, -stronomo, M. : GASTRONOME 

g^t-ta [-to], F. : female cat : chiamar la 

, call things by their right name 

(speak plain) : far la — m,orta (or la — 
di Masino), "play possum" (pretend inno- 
cence) ; uscire di — morta, or mogia, quit 
deceit and show clearly one's intentions ; 
— ci cava! there is a snake in the grass ! 
non portar — in sacco, speak freely ; vo- 
ler la — , act seriously, be in earnest ; nJ 
cane nS — , neither one thing nor the 
other. -ta««io, disp. of -to. -taia, 
-taiola, P. : hole in a door for cats (oat's 
hole), -ta^morta, pi. gattemorte, P. ; 
"playing possum": far la — , "play pos- 
sum." -tesco, ADJ. : cat-like, gat-ti-ee, 
M. : kind of tree, -ti-eida, M. : cat-killer, 
-tiffltare, TB.,RECIPB.: litigate; vex one's 
self on account of nothing, -tino, M. : 
dim. of -to ; kitten. Hgat-to [L. cat(f)us\, 
M. : cat ; engine of war for battering walls 
(battering-ram) ; machine for driving in 
piles (pile-driver) : essere il — di casa, 
be in great confidence with a family, go 
and come freely ; esser quattro -ti, be few 
persons in a family (be few) ; — frugato'f, 
gaping countryman. -to=inainiii6ne, 
M. : marmoset (species of ape), -tone, 
M. : aug. of -to ; tomcat ; (fig.) cunning 
fellow : far il — , play the simpleton; 

gattoni [gotoni], M. PL. : mumps (inflam- 
mation of glands). 

gat-to=pardo, M. : ferocious beast. -to= 
zibetto, M. : civet cat. ||-tn««io, M. : 
disp. of -to; sea-dog (kind of fish) ; hand- 

gan-deamns [L., 'let us rejoice'] : stare, 
vivere in — , live joyously, -dente, 
ADJ.: rejoicing: frati — , monastic or- 
der, -dentone, aug. of -dente. jlgan- 
dio [L. -dium], M. : joy (gladness, re- 
joicing), -diosamente, ADV. ot-dioso; 
(lit.) with pleasure, -dioso, adj.: joy- 
ful (very glad) : misteri — , part of the 
Rosary which records the happiness of 
Virgin Mary. 

gavaz-za, P., -zamento, M. : immoder- 
ate merriment (excessive joy). ||-zapo 
[L. gaudere, rejoice], intb. : jump for joy 
(rejoice exceedingly), -zierof, m. : loud 
or noisy rejoicer. 

gaveg-giaret, TR. : court (woo). -|;i- 
not, M.': wooer flover). 

gavetta [?], F. : bundle of musical strings ; 
wooden bowlf (porringer). 

196 gavigne 

ga-vigne [cava], P. PL. : cavity beneath 
the armpits where wrestlers grasp one 
another, -vin. . = gangol. . 
gavoncTiio [?], M. : marine eel. 
gavotta [Gavots, inhabitant of Gap, in 
France], F. : kind of sea-fowl or sea-fish ; 
gavot (a dance). 
gaz-za [OHG. agalastra (= Ger. easier)], 
F. : magpie ; (fig.) babbler (chatterer) : 
pelare la — senzafarla stridere, take ad- 
vantage of one without his perceiving it ; 
— ehe ha pelata la codaf, great cunning. 
-zarra, F. : joyous uproar. -zella, 
F. : dim. of -za; gazelle (antelope), gaz- 
zera, P. : magpie, -zerottof, M. : disp. 
of -za; stupid fellow. 
gazzBt-ta [orig. a coin, the cost of the 
paper (L. gaza, treasure)], p. : gazette 
(newspaper) : battere le -te, tremble with 
cold, -tanie, M. : (disp.) eager news- 
paper reader ; newspaper writer, -tiere, 
M. : (disp.) journalist, -tino, M. : dim. 
of -ta: fare un — , essere am — , relate 
gebof, M. : he-goat. 

ge-lameuto, M. : congelation (freezing). 
'Il-lare [-Zo], TR., INTR. : freeze (congeal) ; 
quail ; curdlef. -lata, P. : frost, -la- 
tamente, ADV. : frostily (coldly), -la- 
tina, P. : jelly, -latiuoso, adj. : gel- 
ATINODS (gelatine), -lato, adj. : frozen ; 
cold (chilly) ; terrified (frightened) ; M. : 
sherbet (ice-cream). 
geldraf, F. : crowd. 

^e-lieidiof, M. : frosty weather, -li- 
dezza, F. : state of being frozen; insen- 
sibility, ge-lido, adj. : GELID (cold, 
chilly, frozen). Ilge-lo [L. gelu, cold], 
M. : freezing weather ; cooluessf ; sugar 
crnstf. -lone, M. : chilblain ; aTig. of 
gelo-sa««io, ang. of -so. -samente, 
"adv.: jealously; carefully; anxiously. 
-sia, F. : jealousy ; care ; lattice (Per- 
sian) ; apprehensionf (anxiety). Hgelo- 
so [L. zelosus (zelus, zeal)], adj. : jealous 
(envious) ; solicitous ; careful ; delicate : 
affari -si, delicate affairs ; — consuetudi- 
ne, scrupulous habit. 
gel-saf, F. : mulberry, -seta, F., -seto, 
'm. : land planted with mulberry trees. 
-sino, dim. of -so. ||gel-so [L. celsus 
(cellere, rise)], m. : mulberry-tree. 
gelsomino [Ar. jasmin], M. : jasmine 

geme-bondo [-re], ADJ.: lamenting (plain- 

gemel-lo [L. -lus], M., ADJ.: twin: -li, 
' (astron.) Gemini. 

ge - mere [L.], INTR. : moan (lament, 
'groan) ; drop (trickle down) ; creak ; print 
(stamp). -mio4re, INTR. : trickle lightly. 


gemi-nare [L. -ni, twins], TR. : gemi- 
'nate (double), -natura. P.: action or 
effect of geminating. -nazione, F.: 
gemination (reduplication, doubling), -ge- 
mi-no, ADJ. : geminous (double) ; M. PL.; 
(astron.) twins. 
gemiref =: gemere. 
ge-mitio [-mere], M. : trickling, sweating. 
ge-mito, M. : moan. 
gem-ma [L.], P. : GEM ; eye (of a peacock 
'feather); bud. -maref, inte. : bud 
(sprout); gem. -mato, PART.: jewelled 
(studded with gems), -metta, dim. of 
-ma. -miera, P. : gem (jewel), -mife- 
ro, ADJ. : gemmiferous ; of soil producing 
precious stones. 
gemonie [L. -motiia, sighs], P. PL. ; scak 
' — , stairway of great prison at Campi- 
genaf, F. : cheek. 

gendar-me [Pr. gens d'armes, "men at 
'arms'], M. : gendarme; (pop.) carabinier. 
-meria, F. : gendarmery. 
genea-logia [L.], genealogy, -logioo, 
'adj. : genealogical, -logista, m. : 'gene- 
generabi-le [generare], adj. : that may 
'be engendered, -lita, P.: productive- 
gene-brof, M. : juniper-tree. 
genera-lato, M. : generalship ; rank of 
'general. || genera - le \h. .-lis], adj.: 
general (universal) ; m. : general (com- 
mander) : spacciare pel — , deal in generals 
(avoid details); uscir de' ■ — , come to par- 
ticulars, -lisisimo, adj. : superl. of -le; 
M. : generalissimo (general-in-chief). -li- 
ta, F. : GENERALITY, -lizzaro, TB.; 
GENERALIZE. -Imente, ADV. : generally 
(almost always) ; in the greater part. 
gene-ramentof, M. : generation, -ran- 
'te, PART, of -rare, -rare, TR. : generate 
(produce, engender). - rativamente, 
ADV. of -rativo. -rativo, ADJ. : genera- 
tive, -ratore, M. : generator, -razio- 
ne, p.: generation (progeny); kind 
(race, species); quality; genesis; pro- 
ceeding of second person of Trinity from 
the Father. ||gene-pe [L. genus], M.: 
GENUS (kind) ; '(gram.) gender ; species 
(nature) ; system : in — (opposed to spe- 
cies), in general; un — di vita, coarse 
kind of life, -ricamente, ADV.: GEN- 
ERICALLY. gend-rico, ADJ. : generic, 
common: att'ore — , generic actor, -rino, 
car. dim. of -re. gene-ro [L.gener], M. ; 
genero -samente, ADV.: generously. 
'-sita, F.: GENEROSity (magnanimity). 
Ilgenero-so [L. -sus, noble], ADJ. : gen- 
erous (noble, magnanimous) : vino — , 
strong wine , terreno — , very fertile land. 


genesi [6r. gSnesis], f. : genesis ; genera- 

'tion (birth). 

genetliaoo [Gr. genethliakos {genUhle, 

'birth)], ADJ. : genethliaoal (of or pertain- 
ing to nationalities) ; m. : nativity (birth- 
day); calculator of nativities, astrologer. 

gengia := gengiva. 

gengiOTof, M. : ginger. 

gengi-va [L. gingiva, gum], F. : (anat.) 
'gum. -vetta, car. dim. of -va. 

genia [Gr. gened, birth], F. : (disp.) race ; 

ge-nia-ecio, disp. of -nio. -niale, ADJ. : 
'genial (pleasing), -nialita, F. : genial- 
ity (sympathy), -nialmente, ADV.: 
genially. Ilg^-nio [L. genius], m. : ge- 
nius (spirit, demon); genius (talent); incli- 
nation (character, temper): andare a — , 
please ; con — , with satisfaction, -nita- 
bilef, ADJ. : generative, -nitale, adj. : 
genital : terra — , native land, -nitivo, 
M. : genitive case, ge-nito, adj. : gen- 
erated (born); M. . child (son), -nitore, 
M.: father. -iiitri«e, P.: mother, -ni- 
tnra, F.: generation (birth); seed. 

gennaio [L. Janus], M. : January : ludar 
'di — , give one's self much trouble ; fare 
ludar di — , cause one to think. 

genologiat, F. : genealogy. 

genove't, F. PL. : ceremonies. 

genovi-na [Geneva], F., -no, M. : Genoese 

gensomino : 

gen-taeeia, -taglia, F., -tame, M. : 

'disp. of -te; rabble (mob). Hgen-te [L. 
gens], P. : nation (people, family) ; men (per- 
sons): far — , assemble; smettere di far 
■ — , cease making one's self noticed ; cease 
being eccentric ; — grande, camicia carta, 
one who pretends to be rich and is really 
not; — di scarriera, vagabonds; — a 
piede, o a cavallo, militia, -terolla, 
disp.of-te. -tiUdinna, P.: lady, -tile, 
adj.: genteel (courteous, pleasing); gentle 
(tame); delicate (weak, tender); m. : gen- 
tile (heathen, pagan) : colore — , rather 
pale ; panno molto — , very soft cloth ; 
terra —, fruitful earth; fleo —, fig of 
delicate iiavour; came — , tender meat. 
-tilescamente, ADV. : heathenly. -ti- 
lesco, pi. — schi, ADJ. : pagan, -tilesi- 
mo, M. : gentilism (paganism), -tiletto, 
ADJ. : pretty (nice, neat), -tilezza, F. : 
gentility (nobility); courtesy (affability); 
grace; paganism (gentilism). -tilino, car. 
dim. of -tile, -tilire, TR. : ennoble (make 
genteel), -tilita, p. : gentilism (heathen- 
ism), -tilizia, P.: gentility (nobility). 
-tilizio, ADJ. : of a noble family, -til- 
mente, ADV. : gently (nobly, courteous- 
ly, gracefully), -tilomo, -tiluomo, 
M. : gentleman (nobleman), -tildttot, m. : 

germlnare 197 

gentleman, -tii^a, dim. ot-te. -ta««ia, 
disp. of -te. -ta««iaeeia, — -e-ee, P. : 
disp. of -tuccia; dregs of the rabble. 
genn-flessione, P. : genuilection (kneel- 
'ing). -fiesso, FABT. : kneeling. ||-flet- 
tere [1. L. -flectere (genus, knee, flectere, 
bend)], ke. ; intr. : kneel (bend one's 

^e-nninamente, ADV.: genuinely (truly). 
-nninita, P. : genuineness. Il-nuino 
[L.-nuinus], ADJ.: genuine (natural, true): 
andare, venir — , be sincere. 

genzia - na [L. gentiana], P. : gentian, 
bitterwort. -nina, P.: gentianin (ex- 
tract of gentian). 

geo- [Gr. gaia, earth] : -desia [Gr. daisia, 
'division], F. : geodesy, -detico, adj.: 
geodetical. -gonia [Gr. gone, genera- 
tion], P.: geogony. -grafia [Gr. grd- 
phein, write], P. : geography, -grafico, 
ADJ. : geographical. geo-grafo, M. : 
geographer, -logia [G'r. logos, science], 
p. : geology, -logico, adj. : geological. 
ged-logo, M. : ge'ologist. -mante [Gr. 
manteia, divination], M.: geomanoer. 
-mantioo, adj. : geomantic. -manzia, 
P. : geomancy (kind of divination), ged- 
metra, M. : geometrician; land-surveyor. 
-metria [Gr. mttron, measure], P. : ge- 
ometry, -metrioamente, ADV. : geo- 
metrically, -metrioo, ADJ. : geometri- 
cal, ged- metro t, M. : geometrician. 
ge6-rgioa [Gr. ^rgon, work], P.: Georgic 
(treatise on agriculture); Georgics (poems 
of Virgil). -rgioTietta, dim. of -rgica. 
geo-rgico, adj.: georgic. -rgdfilo [Gr. 
irgon, work, phiUs, lover], m. : one who 
is fond of agriculture, -statioa [Eag. 
static], P. : geostatics. 

geranio [L. -nmm], M. : geranium. 

ge-rarca [Gr. hierdrches], M. : HIERARCH 

'(high -priest, head) : supremo — , pope. 
-rarcMa, F. : hierarchy (church-govern- 
ment); order of angels ; intriguef. -rar- 
oMco, ADJ. : hierarchical. 

gere-mia [Jeremiah], M. : one who la- 

'ments ; one who predicts misfortunes. 
-miata, P. : long sorrowful discourse. 

gerdnte [L. gerens, carrying], M. : man- 


gerfalcot, M. : gerfalcon. 

gergo [OFr. gargon], M. : jargon (slang, 

'cant, argot). 

gerla [L. gerula, porter], F. : buck-basket 

'(dorser, pannier). 

ger-ina]ia,F.: sister (full sister), -mana- 

'mentef, ADV. : sincerely (truly); broth- 
erly. Il-mano [L. -manus], ADJ. : real 
(true, sincere) ; M. : brother ; wild-duck : 
cugino — , cousin-german. 

ger-me [L. -men], M. : germ, seed (fig.) 

'son (offspring, descendant), -min&re. 



TR., INTE. : germinate (sprout): procreate 
(produce), -minativo, ADJ. : capable of 
germinating (germinative). -minazione, 
F. : germination, -mosrliamento, M. : 
budding (sprouting). -mogllaTe, INTR. : 
bud (sprout, blossom), -laoglio, M. : bud 
(sprout, shoot, blossom). 

gero-gllficare, INTR. : make hieroglyph- 

'ics. Il-gllfico [L. hieroglyphicus (Gr. 
hierds, sacred, gMphein, carve)], adj. : 
hieroglyphic; m. : hieroglyph. 

gerrettieraf = giarrettiera. 

gersaf, P. : kind of rouge or paint. 

gerdndio [L. -dium], M. : gerund. 

gesminof = gelsomino. 

ges-saio, M. : plaster-vender ; maker of 

'plaster figures, -saiolo, M. : maker of 
plaster, -sare, TR. : plaster ; chalk (of 
wine), -sato, PART. : plastered, -setto, 
M.: chalk. ||ges-so[L.5i/;)3am],M.: gyp- 
sum ; plaster, -soso, ADJ. : plastered. 

ges-ta, F. PL. : gests (notable actions, 

'achievements, exploits); sing.: expedition 
(enterprise); armyf; race (progeny)t: le 
Canzoni di Gesta, les Chansons de (ieste 
(OFr. Romances), -tare, TR. : bear 
(carry), -tazioue, F. : gestation, -teg- 
giaret, INTR.: gesticulate, -tioola- 
inento, M. : gesticulation, -ticolare, 
INTR. : gesticulate (make gestures), -ti- 
colazione, F. : gesticulation, -tio- 
ne, F. : management (administration of 
affairs), -tire, INTR.: make gestures. 
ges-to [L. -tus (gerere, bear, perform)], 
M. : gesture (movement) ; achievement (ex- 
ploit) ; management f (care, administra- 
tion), -tore, M. : manager (administra- 

Oesd, M. : Jesus Christ : buona notte — , 
good-bye to it (when a thing is lost or 
ruined) ; far — , join the hands in an atti- 
tude of prayer, -ato, M. : member of the 
order of St. Jerome, -ita, M. : Jesuit 
(member of Society of Jesus); impostor. 
-iticamente, ADV. : jesuitically ; craf- 
tily, -itico, ADJ. : Jesuitical (belonging 
to the Jesuits); crafty (false, deceitful). 

get-tamentof, M. : throwing (hurling). 

■||-tare \L. jactare], TR. : throw (fling; 
cast) ; cast out ; vomit ; repl. : throw 
one's self (upon); let one's self fall (from); 
givef : — in carta, sulla carta, write ; — 
fuori, vomit ; — mn sospiro, heave a sigh ; 
— via, cast off, give away ; — le parole 
at vento, lament in vain ; — ■ il propria, 
squander one's money ; — motto, mention 
(talk of); — I'abaco, cast accounts; — 
I' occhio, glance ; — a tergo, take no ac- 
count of ; — buona o mala ragione, ad- 
duce good or bad reasons; — V inchio- 

, dro, write nonsense ; — in preghiera, 
pray; gettarsi via, go mad, get angry. 


-t&ta, F.: cast (throw); sprout, shoot (of 
a plant), -tatello, M. : foundling (bas- 
tard), -tato, PART. : thrown : abito che 
par — a suo dosso, dress which suits one 
exactly, -tatore, M.: squanderer; caster 
(of metals), got-titof, M. : throwing 
(casting); vomiting ; expectoration (spit- 
ting), get-to, M. : throw (cast); jet 
(gushing-forth); sprout (shoot of a plant); 
stalk (stem of flowers); plasterf (mortar); 
incrustationt : far — (T ana cosa, throw a 
thing away (waste or squander a thing); 
far — , lighten a ship in a storm (throw 
overboard); fare il — t. divide, share (of 
calculators); il prima ■ — , rough copy 
(first draught); far di — , cast metals. 
-tone, M. : counter (at cards). 

gfteffof, M. : balcony (projection). 

g^eppio [?], M. : kestrel, bird of prey. 

ghBriglio [Gr. kdriori], M. : kernel of a 

gTier-minella, P.: juggler's trick (leger- 
demain). Il-mire [ jremire], TR. : catch; 
snatch (with claws or talons), -mitore, 
M., -mitriee, F. : catcher (snatcher). 

gTterofan. .f = garofan. . 

gTterone [OHG. gero, point of a lance], 
M. : gusset (bit, piece) : pigliarsela per im 
— , run away. 

gTi-etta [?], P. : gaiter (leggins). 

ghetto [Heb. ghet, divorce], M. : ghetto 
(Jews' quarter); Jews of a city: fare iin 
— , make a great tumult by all speaking 
at once. 

gTiezzo [?], ADJ. : black, swarthy (of a 
grape about to mature) ; M. : kind of 
mushroom ; filth ; kind of crow ; negro. 

g^iiabaldanaf, F. : toy (trifle). 

g7tia«-eescot, ADJ. : icy (frozen, cold). 
-«iaia, F. : ice-house, -eiaio, M. : gla- 
cier. -«iare, TR., INTR.: freeze (con- 
geal). Wghiofe—eio [L. glaciei, ice], 
ADJ. : icy (frozen) ; M. : ice. -cinolof, 
M. : icicle ; split or crack (in jewels). 

g7tia«eret = giacere. 

g7i.iadot, M. : excessive cold ; ice ; knife. 

gMaggiaolof, M. : iris (sword-grass). 

ghia-ia, [L. glarea], p. : gravel (pebble). 
-lata, F. : act of scattering gravel; 
gravel-road, -ioso, adj.: gravelly (sandy). 
-idttolo, M. : small gravel (sand), -iuz- 
za, dim. of -ia. 

g7iian-da [L. glans], F. : acorn ; mast ; 
acorn-formed projectile ; manner of cuis- 
ingt : — unguentaria, medicinal fmit. 
-daia, P. : jay, jackdaw. -daiotto, 
dim. of -daia. -dellinof, dim. of -da. 
-difero, ADJ.: producing acorns, -di- 
na, P. : dim. of -da; vase for odorous 
essences. gJiian-dolaf, F. : gland. -dn€- 
«{a, -ddzzaf, disp, of -da, 

gTtiarat = ghiaia. 


gMarabaldanat, F. : nothing (trifle). 

ghiareto [ghiaia], M. : pebbly bed (of a 

ghiazzerinot, M.: cuirass (coat of mail, 

g/iiazzernolai', P. : pinnace (kind of an 
ancient ship). 

gTiibellino [emperor of Weibelingen], 
ADJ., M. : Ghibelline (favourer of the 
German emperor : 12-13. Gent.). 

ghiera [?], F. : ferrule, ring of iron ; kind 
of dartt ; medicine composed of aloesf. 

ghierabaldanaf = ghiarabaldana. 

gTiierato [ghiera], adj. : furnished with 

ghievaf ^ ghiova. 

g/ii^liotti-na [Dr. Guillotin], F. : guil- 
lotine, -nare, TR. : guillotine. 

Shi-g^a, F.: sinister, bad face; bold, im- 
pudent face, -gua-e-efa, disp. of -gna. 
Il-gnare [?J, INTR. : sneer; grin, -gua- 
ta, F.: burst of derisive laughter. -£rna- 
toret, M. : sneerer. -gnazzare, intr. : 
laugh loudly (burst out laughing). -£rnet- 
tino, dim. of-gnetto. -grnetto, dim. of 
-gno. -990, M. : sarcastic or malicious 
laugh (sneer) ; jester (banterer) ; ilatter- 
ing, fawning smilef. 

gTiin-daref, TR. : hoist, -dazzof, M. : 

gMnea [Guinea], F. : guinea; kind of 
dimity cloth. 

ghinsheri [agghindare], adv.: badly 
knocked ; clothed finely. 

ghio [?], M. : boom-sail. 

gUot-ta, F. : dripping-pan. -tae-eio, 
disp. of -to. -tamente, adv. : greedily 
(gourmandly). -terello, dim. of -to. 
-terellino, dim. of -terello. HgTiiot- 
to [L. glut{t)o], M. : gourmand (glutton); 
adj. : gluttonous ; covetous : cibo — , food 
for gourmands ; un boccoTie — , good dish. 
-ton-eello, dim. of -tone, -tone, aug. 
of -to. -toneria, F. : glutton's food; 
gluttony; wickedness (iniquity), -tornia, 
F.: gluttony (avidity, greediness), -tu- 
me, M. : glutton's food. 

gUdzzo pi. gobius], M. : gudgeon (small 
fresh-water fish) ; blockhead (clown) ; 
dropt : — d' acquaf, nothing, very small 

gMribiz-zare, INTR.: fancy (imagine). 
-zatore, M. : whimsical, fantastical per- 
son. gMribiz-zo [ghiro, bizzarro], m.: 
whim (caprice, fancy), -zoso, adj, : whim- 
sical (fantastical, capricious). 

gMrigoro [ghiro], M. : flourish (with the 
pen): camminare a — , walk in a zigzag 

gMrlan-da [?], F. : garland (wreath) ; 
(.aatron.if) constellation (crown) : morire 
colla — , die a virgin (die unmarried). 



-daio, M. : one who makes or sel'^ gar- 

, lands, -daref, TR. : crown with a gar- 
land, -dellaf, F.: small garland, -det- 
ta, car. dim. of -da. 

ShiTo [L. glis], m. : dormouse. 

ghironda [giro], F. : hurdy-gurdy. 

ehisa, [Ger. giessen, pour], F. : cast-iron. 

gia, IMPERF. of gire, go. 

gia pj. jam], adv. : formerly, once (in f or- 
'mer days); already, now; yes; certainly 
(truly): di — , formerly ; al tempo di — 1> 
in the most ancient time ; — 1> of dead 
people, late, -ccfi-d -e, adv. : since that, 
since ; because ; now that. 

giacc/teraf, F. : trick (joke) ; spavin. 

giaccTtiata [giacchio], F. : cast of the 

giaccMo [L. jaculum, javelin], M. : cast- 
'ing-net (trammel): gettare il — tondo, be 
impartial ; gettare il — sulla siepe, do a 
thing without profit. 

gia-eciof, M. : ice ; den of the stag or 


gia-«ente, PART.: situated; lying ex- 

■ tended: ereditd — , unclaimed estate. 
Il-eepe [L. jacere], IRR.§ ; INTR. : lie 
down ; be situated ; dependf, consist : qui 
giace, (of a discourse) the point, -ciglio, 
M. : paillasse (straw-bed) ; kennel, -ei- 
mentof, M. : lying down ; (Jig.) f orget- 

§ Ind.: Pres. gidccio, gidci.gidce i giac- 
ifi')idmo, giacHe, gidcciono. Fret, gidc-qui, 
-q-ue ; -quero. Sub j. : Pres, gidccia. 

gia-«i]itino, M. : kind of precious stone. 

'||-«into [Gr. hudkinthos], M. : hyacinth. 

giaei-toio, M. : place for lying down 

'(bed, lair). ||-tupa [giacere], F. : act of 
lying down (posture); manner, place and 
position of lying down ; (poet.) placing of 
the accent ; attitudef, movementt. gta- 
•ei-uto, part. : lying down (stretched 

giaco [?], M. : coat of mail (cuirass). 

giacnla-toria [L.jaculatorius], F.: short 


giaggiolo [L. gladiolus, little sword], M. : 

'iris! ■ 

giagnaro [Braz. yaguara], M. : JAGUAR. 

giallamina [L. calamina]i F. : calamine. 

gial-lastro, ADJ.: yellowish, -leggtan- 

'te, PART. : yellowish. -leggiare','lNTR.: 
grow yellow (turn yellow, 'b'e yellowish). 
-letto, dim. of -lo. -lezza, F. : yellow- 
ness (yellow), -lie-eio, ADJ., M. : yel- 
low, -ligno, ADJ. : pale yellow, -lino, 
car. dim. of -lo. Ilgial-lo [L. galbus], 
ADJ., M. : YELLOW, -logno, -lo^nolo, 
ADJ. : of a faint or pale yellow, -loli- 
no, M. . dry colour used in mixtures. 
-loref, M. : yellowness (paleness, sallow- 
ness); JAUNDice. -la=Banto, M. : JAUN- 



dice. -lo=santo, M. : yellow colour ex- 
tracted from a plant, -luc-eio, dim. of 
-lo. -lume, M. : excessive yellowness ; 
yellow-spot ; gold money. 

g^iam-baret, INTB. : jest (jeer, laugh at). 

'-beggiare, TR. : mock, giam-'bico, 
ADJ. V iambic. Il-bo [Gr. idmbos, stroke], 
M. : iambic : dare il — u, uno, deride 
(laugh at) ; volere il — • di qualcuno, have 
sport with one. 

giammai [gid, mail, ADJ. : never (at no 


giammengolat, F. : bagatelle (trifle, 


giandarm. . (pop.) = gendarm. . 

gtan-netta [?], F. : lance (spear, dart) ; 
cane, -mettariof = -nettiere. -net- 
tata, F. : blow with the lance or spear. 
-nettiere, M. : lancer (spearman, pike- 
man), -nettina, dim. of -netta. 

giannettof, M. : genet (kind of Spanish 


giannettone, aug. of giannetta. 

giannizzero [fr. Turk.], M. : janissary 

'(Turkish soldier); official of the Roman 

gianse-nismo [_Giansenio\, M. : Jansen- 

'ism. -nista, M. : Jansenist ; rigorist. 

giara [fr. Ar.], p. : jab ; cup (vase). 

giardaf, F. : spavin (puffed sinews); 

'mockery (joke); trick. 

giardi-naggio, M.: art of cultivating gar- 
dens, -netto, M.: car. dim: at -no; fruit 
(in a lodging-house pastry); ice-cream of 
different colours, -niera, F. : gardener's 
wife ; herb-woman ; pot of flowers (flower- 
stand) ; kind of carriage ; necklace f. 
-niere, M. : GABDENER. giardi-no 
[Ger. garteri\, M. : garden ; pa'radise (love- 
ly country) ; cesspool (water-closet)t. 

gtardonet, aug. of giarda. 

giaretta, dim. of -giara. 

giarrettiera [Fr. jarretiire], F. : gar- 

'ter : ordine della — , order of the garter. 

giarrof, M. : JAR (pitcher). 

giat-tanzaf, -tanzia, F. : JACTANCY 

'(vainglory, brag), -turaf, P. : ill-luck; 
destruction (loss). 

glavat, P. : store-room of a ship. 

gtavazzo [Gr. gagdtes],M.: black bitumen. 

giavellotto [?], M. : javelin. 

gib-bat. P., -bof ^. -bus], M. : hunch 

'(protuberance, hump) ; eminence (height). 
-bosita, F. : gibbousness. -boso, adj. : 
humped (gibbous; hunchbacked); ele- 
vated (raised). 

giberna [?], P.: cartridge-box; pouch. 

gioTte-ro [Sp. ehieharo, pea], m. : colo- 

'cassia. -roso, adj. : full of colocassia. 

giga [Ger. geige], f. : ancient musical in- 

'strument ; jig (dancing air). 

^igan-t4««io, aug. of -te. |||;igan-te 


[L. gigans], M. : giant : entrare nel — , 
oppose a thing, be obstinate, -teggia- 
re, INTB. : be gigantic ; (fig.) sur'pass 
(surmount)t. -teof, ADJ.: gigantic, -te- 
scameute, ADV. : in a giantlike manner. 
-tesco, ADJ.: gigantic; disproportion- 
ate, -tessa, F. : giantess. 

gifrli-aeeo, ADJ. : lilaceous (like a lily). 

'-ato, ADJ. : lilied ; marked or strewn with 
lilies ; sowed with liliesf. -etc, M. : bed 
of lilies, -etto, M. : dim. of -o; kind of 
lace. ||gi£rli-o [L. lilium], m. : lily; 
flower-de-luce; (fig.) emblem of purity. 

gilda [Gilda, cap. of Libbia], p.: kind of 

'odourous water. 

gin [Bug.], M. : gin. 

gine«eo [Gr. gunaikeion (gunl, woman)], 

'm. : gynaeceum (part of a house for 
women); feminine conservatory f. 

gi-nepraf. P.: juniper - berry, -ne- 

'praio, M. : place planted with juniper 
trees; labyrinth (intrigue, intricacy). 
Il-nepro [L. juniperus], M. : juniper- 

giue-stra [L. genista'], P. : broom-plant 

"(genet), -strella, P.: dying broom. 
-streto, M. : place abounding in genets. 
-strevole, ADJ.: broomy (full of broom). 
-strina = -strella. -strone, M.: kind of 

gingiaf = gengiva. 

gingil-lare, INTB., REPL. : waste one's 

'time on trifles (procrastinate), -lino, 
M. : one who makes his way through base- 
ness or hypocrisy. ||gingil-lo [L. cin- 
gillum, small girdle], M. : t'rifle (toy, play- 
thing); trifling-work; small piokloekf. 
-lone, M. : one who wastes his time (tri- 

gingiva = gengiva. 

gin-'nasiale, adj. of -nasio. ||-nasio 

'[L. gumnasium], m. : gymnasium (school 
below the lyceum; class, gymnastic 
school), -nastica [Gr. gumnastes], F. : 
gymnastics, -nastico, adj.: gymnastic. 

ginnetto [?], M. : genet (Spanish stallion). 

gin-nico [Gr. gumnikos], adj.: gymnic 

'(of athletic exercises). -nosoKsta [Gr. 
gumno-sophistes], M. : gymnosophist. 

ginoo-ch.iata, P.: blow with the knee. 

'-cMello, M. : hog's foot ; knee-plate ; 
wound in the knee of a horse. -o7iino, 
car. dim. of -chio. Hginoo - oTiio, pi. 
-chi or (/.) -chia \L. genuculum, dim. of 
genu], M. : knee, -c/tionef, -ohioni, 
ADV. : kneeling (upon one's knees). 

gf 6t, INTEBJ. : get up, go on (to horses) : 

'andare — , go softly or gently. 

giooaoch^iare = giocucchiare. 

gio-oare, IBB. § ; TB. : play (sport) ; wa- 

"ger (stake) ; risk losing Qose) ; joke (jest) j 
rob (cheat)t ; speak jestingly (rail) : — di 


baatone, know how to use a stick, beat 
(cudgel); — difurberia, d' ingegno, di ma- 
lizia, play with sagacity ; — di maestria, 
play in a masterly manner ; — di mano, 
play with skill ; (jesting) cheat ; — 
neUo, fair play; ■ — sul sicuro, be sure 
of winning; — di spada, know how 
to handle a sword ; — d' autoriti, use 
authority, act by authority ; • — d' una cosa, 
make fun of a thing, -cata, F. : con- 
tinual game ; stake ; manner of playing. 
-cata««ia, disp. of -cata. -catina, car. 
dim. of -cata. -catora'e«io, disp. of 
-eatore. -catoro, M., -catri«e, F. : 
player (gamester), -catorone, aug. of 
-eatore. -cattolo, M. : useful toys or 
trinkets. -cTierellare, intr. : play little 
and at intervals. -c7iettiiio, dim. of 
-chetto. -olietto, dim. of -co. Ilgid- 
co pj. jocus], M. : game (play, diver- 
sion) ; athletic exercise ; joke (jest) ; 
mode of action or proceeding; art 
(artifice, trick) : far — , deride (make fun 
of) ; brutto or cattivo — , base trick ; ogni 
bel — dura poco, continued jesting 
wearies ; chi ha cattivo — rimescola le 
carte, who is poor desires a revolution of 
things ; — di parole, pun ; — marzialef, 
war ; a buon — f. seriously ; a — , for a 
joke (for fun) ; — della cieca, blindman's- 
buff. -co = forza, ADV. : esser — , be 
necessary, -colare, intr. : play tricks 
(amuse one's self), -colatore, M., -co- 
latri«e, F. : jumper, -colino, dim. of 
-CO. gidoo-lof, M. : sport (jest). 

§ Ind. : Pres. ^{ti)b-co, -chi, etc. : iu)b ac- 
cented^ uo, unaccented. 

giocon-damente, ADV.: merrily (joy- 

'fully). -dare, TR. : render joyful (re- 
joice); enjoy one's self, -dovolet, ADJ.: 
pleasing (delightful, rejoicing)t. -dezza, 
-dita, F. : jocundity (joy, mirth). Ilgii)- 
o6n-do [L. jucundus, pleasant, agfree- 
able], ADJ. : jocund (joyful, gay, merry t) ; 
flourishing (of plants). 

gio-oosamente, ADV. : JOCOSELY (mer- 

'rily). -cosita, P. : jocoseness (mirth, 
gaiety). ||-c6so [-co], adj. : jocose (play- 
ful, merry) ; burlesque (of writers) ; (m««.) 
comic, cheerful (allegro) ; content, -cuc- 
cMare, intr. : play (freq.) ; play some. 
-cn««io, M. : little sport; little diver- 

giocal. . = giocol. . 

gio-gaia [L. jugalia], F. : dewlap (of 

'oxen) ; chain (of mountains) ; nape of the 
neckf. -gatico, M. : amount paid neigh- 
bours for ploughing a field with their own 

^ogant. . = gigant. . 

elo-gli&to, ADJ.: mixed with darnel. 

'gto-glio^, M. : darnel. 



gio-go pj. jugum}, m. : yoke ; (Jig.) ; slav- 

'ery (servitude) ; tutelage, guardianship ; 
peak of a mountain, -gosot, adj. : moun- 
tainous (girded with mountains). 

gi6-ia [L. gaudia, pi. of gaudium], F. : 

'joy (gladness, delight) ; precious stone 
(jewel) ; (iron.) jewel ; a reinforce of 
the mouth of a cannon : bella, eara — , 
tiresome person ; — mia, my love (my 
jewel) ; far — t. rejoice ; far — a uno'\, 
entertain or feast one. -iale, ADJ. : joy- 
ous (happy), -ialita, P. : joyousness. 
-iante, PART. : joyful (merry), -iellare, 
TR. : ornament with jewels ; set or em- 
bellish jewels, -iellato, ADJ. : adorned 
or ornamented with jewels, -ielleria, 
F. : jeweler's art ; jewel-store, -ielliere, 
M. : jeweler, -iellino, dim. of -iello. 
-iello, M. : jewel; an excellent, lovable 
person ; very valuable thing, -ietta, 
dim. of -ia. -ioret, M. : joy (contentment, 
mirth), -iosamente, ADV. : joyfully. 
-iosetto, ADJ. : somewhat joyful, -ioso, 
ADJ.: joyful (merry); vigorous (flourish- 
ingt). -ire, intr. : be in joy (rejoice). 

giolitot, M. : enjoyment (pleasure) ; re- 


gioUarof, M. : buffoon. 

giomellat, P. : two handfuls. 

giorgeriaf, P. : bravery (valour). 

giorgina [Georgi, Bussian scientist], P. : 

"dahlia (a flower). 

gior-na-eeio, disp. of -no. -nala««io, 

'disp. of -nale. -nale [-no], M. : journal 
(newspaper ; diary) ; day-book ; adj. : di- 
URNALt (daily), -naletto, -nalino, 
car. dim. of -nale. -naliere, M.: day-la- 
bourer (workman); ADJ.: daily, -nalie- 
ro, ADJ. : daily, -nalista, M. : jour- 
nalist, -nalmente, adv. : daily, -na- 
ln.««io, disp. of -nale. -nante, F. : 
day-girl ; turn at service (in the Brothers 
of Mercy), -narello, iron, or car. dim. 
of -no. -nata [-no], P. : term of a day ; 
day's work; daily gain (daily income or 
revenue) ; day's journey ; field-battle 
(fight) ; epoch, period, day (of Bible) ; 
life Oilman existence) : le Cinque -nate, 
battles against Austrians in 1848 ; far — , 
come to a battle; compiere la sua — , 
die ; vivire alia — , live without thought 
of the future ; alia — , in — , daily (every 
day, by the day) ; a gran — , swiftly 
(quickly), -nata-ecia, disp. of -nata. 
-natina, car. or iron. dim. of -nata. 
-nea [Pr. journee from -nata], P. : ancient 
coat ; soldier's cloak ; robe (clerical vest- 
ment) : mettersi la — , undertake to main- 
tain a thing with great arrogance. ||gi6r- 
no [L. diurnus, of the day] ; M. :' day ; 
midday; daybreak; time; life (exist- 
ence); a — , at daybreak; a -ni, some 



days, at times ; a' miei — , in my day (in 
my youth); buon — , good day (good morn- 
ing); di — in — , from day to day ; di — , 
during the day ; essere, stare in — , be up- 
to-date (be posted on daily events) ; farsi 
— , become daylight ; fare di notte — , work 
at night and sleep during the day ; — • cri- 
tico, critical day (of the sick) ; — nero or 
magro, fish-day ; il gran — ; judgment 
day ; ogni — ne passa uno, gently life 
passes away ; tuW i -ni, eveiy day (always, 

gids-tra [Prov. jostar (L. juxta, near)], 
'f. : JOUST (tournament); trickf (decep- 
tion); jestf; skirmishf. -trante, M. : 
tilter. -trare, intr. : have a joust, tilt ( 
roam about, dispute, strive; cheat (de- 
ceive) ; oombatf ; woundf. -tratore, 
M. : combatant (champion, tilter). -tro- 
ne, M. : one who roams about. 

Giotto, M.: Giotto (famous painter): fare 
un come — , draw a circle with a steady 
hand ; tondo come V di — , round as the 
of — (i.e. dull in comprehending, cred- 

giovamento [giovare], m. : aid (relief) ; 

'utility, advantage. 

gio-Tana«eio, M. : disp. of -vane; wild 

■young man. -vanagrliaf, P. : multitude 
of youths ; youth, -vanastro, M. : wild, 
reckless youth. ||gi6-vane [L. juve- 
nis], ADJ. : youthful (young) ; tender ; 
new ; careless (incautious) ; M., F. : young 
man (youth) ; young woman : — tempof, 
spring, -vaneggiaref, INTR.: play 
the youth (act a boy), -vanellof, -va- 
nescof, ADJ.: young (youthful), -va- 
netto, ADJ.: youthful; M.: youth; young 
man. -vanezza, F. : youth ; thought- 
lessnessf ; juvenile pleasuref. -vanile, 
ADJ. : JUVENILE (young). -vanilmen- 
te, ADV. : youthfully (in a youthful man- 
ner), -vaniuo, car. dim. of -vane, -va- 
nottino, car. or iron. dim. of -vanotto. 
-vanotto, M. : aug. of -vane or -vine: 

giova-re [L. juvare], intr. : be useful ; 

'be of use ; aid (help ; favour) ; pleasef : a 
che giova? of what use? to what purpose? 
mi giova credere, I am ready to believe ; 
giova sperare, it is well to hope, -tivof, 
ADJ. : useful ; pleasing, -toref, M., -tri- 
ce, F. : helper (aider). 

GKove [L. Jovem], M. : Jove (Jupiter). 
giove-di [L. Jovis dies, day of Jove], 
lii. : Thursday. 

gio-venca, F. : heifer. H-vonoo [L. ju- 

'vencus], M. : young steer (bullock). 

giove-nezza, F. : youth, -nile, adj. : 

'juvenile (of a youth). ||-ntu IL.juven- 
tus], P. : youth ; youths (number of young 


gf o - ver6€«f o [-vare], adj. : 
'(agreeable), -vevole, adj. : helpful (prot 
itable). -vevolezzaf, F. : utility (use, 
advantage), -vevolmente, ADV. : use- 
fully (profitably, advantageously). 

gio-viale [Giove], ADJ. : jovial (pleasant); 
'of Jovet- -vialita, F. : jovialty (gaiety). 
-vialone, aug. of -viale. 

gtovin. . = giovan. . 

gira \girare\. P.: indorsement (of a prom- 
'issory note); turningf (turn, revolution). 
-capo \.-re, capo, head], m. : dizziness 
(vertigo), -dito [-re, dito, turning about 
the finger], M. : whitlow. 

giraffa [Ar. garrafah], P. : giraffe. 

gira-mento [-re], M. : vertigo ; rotationf 
'(revolution), -mondo [-re, rove, numdo, 
world], M. : vagabond (tramp), gira-n- 
dola, P. : catherine-wheel (firework) ; 
voluble and fickle person ; turning or 
wheeling round; intrigue (perplexity, 
maze) ; fancy (chimera, fanciful conceit) ; 
strange thought (caprice) : dar foco alia 
— , say what one thinks, decide or resolve 
on a certain proposition ; dar nelle -ndole 
go mad. -randolare, intr.: roam about 
(rove) ; turnf (wheel) ; f ancyt (muse) ; 
craftily findf. -ndoletta, -ndolina, 
dim. of -ndola. -ndolino, M. : fickle 
person ; weathercock. -ndolona, F., 
-ndolone, M. : roamer. 

giranio = geranio. 

gi-rante, M. : indorser. ||-rare [-to], 

'tr. : turn (wheel, whirl) ; encircle (sur- 
round, enclose) ; revolve ; (Jig.) be care- 
ful or cautious ; circulate (of money) ; 
wind (of streets) ; get spoiled (of wine) ; 
feel giddy; have extravagant ideas (be 
capricious) ; get angryf : — una cambin- 
le, indorse a note ; — di bordo, — largo, 
avoid a difficulty ; — nella memoria, %d- 
la mente, remember, -rarosto [-rare, 
arroski], M. : spit (roasting-jack), -ra- 
solo [-rare, soWl, M. : sunflower; gira- 
solet (opal-stone), -rata, P. : turn (rev- 
olution) ; hand (at cards) ; circulation ; 
indorsement, -ratario, M. : the person 
in whose favour a note is indorsed ; first 
indorser. -ratina, F. : dim. of -rata; 
short walk, -rativof, ADJ.: circular 
(that turns about), -rato, part. : arro- 
sto — , cooked on the spit, -ratona, 
aug. of -rata, -ravolta [-rare, voM\, 
F. : quick turn (turning) ; gyration (wind- 
ing), -ravoltare, INTR. : turn about. 
-razionef, F.: gyration (turning around). 

giro [L. ire\, depect.§ ; INTR. : (pod.) go ; 

'{f-g-)} die. 

§ Ind. : Pres. gidmo, gite. Impf. giva or 
gia. Pret. gistil gimmo, giste, girono. Fut. 
girb. Cond. girii. Subj.: Fnt, gissi. Part. 

gi-rella [-ro], p.: disc (to play with); 


pulley ; (fig.) voluble person ; political 
backslider ; rowel of a spurf ; wheelf (of 
cheese) ; caprioet (whim) ; weathercookt: 
dare nelle -relle, go crazy, -rellaiot, 
M. : maker or vender of discs or pulleys ; 
(fig.) inconstant fellow, -rellare, INTR. : 
take short walks for diversion, -relli- 
na, dim. of -rella. -rello, M. : heart 
or bottom of an artichoke ; round-steak ; 
ring; circlet; whitlowf. -rellonare, 
INTE. : walk about continually (loaf), -rel- 
lona, F., -rellone, M. : loafer, -ret- 
tino, dim. of -retto. -retto, dim. of 
-TO. -revole, ADJ. : that can turn, easi- 
ly turning ; fickle (inconstant, voluble). 

girifalco, girfalcof [Ger. geier, vul- 

'ture,/att, hawk], M. : gerfalcon. 

girigogolo [?], M. : flourL'ih with the pen. 

gi-ro [L. gyrus, circle], m. : gyre (circu- 

'lar motion, turn, rotation) ; circle (cir- 
cumference, circuit) ; complete turn ; cir- 
cular voyage or journey; circulation (of 
money, etc.) ; brim (of a vase) ; circular 
rows : in — , about, around, by turns ; il 
— del visa, contour of one's face ; — del 
periodo, disposition of words in a sen- 
tence ; per — , roundabout, -ronda = 
ghironda. -rone, M.: aug. of -ro: andar 
a — or -roni, ramble about, -ronzare, 
-ronzolare, INTR. : ramble or wander 
about. -Tovago, ADJ.: vagabond (rov- 
ing or rambling). 

gi-ta \sire]. P.: excursion; jaunt: far 
' — t take exercise (walk about), -terel- 
la, car. dim. of -ta. 

gitof, PART. : gone. 

gittaionet, M. : (bot.) coriander. 

gitta. . = getta. . 

git-tot, M. : throw ; jet ; mortar ; adv. : 
'precisely (exactly, directly). 

gittonet, M. : coriander-seed. 

giu [giuso'i, adv.: down, below; down 

'with: — ■ di U, about there; approximately ; 

aiuLat , go down ; go out of use ; grow 

worse in health ; lose interest ; mandar 
— , swallow; believe; mint; ridar — , 
get sick again, get worse; tirarla — a 
uno, slander one behind his back. 

ginl-ba [fr. Ar.], P.: swallow-tailed coat 

'(dress-coat); mane; petticoatt. -Taa.e- 
«ia, disp. of -ha. -berellot ^ -hettino ; 
dim. of -betto. -Ijetta := -betto. -liotte, 
P. PL.: gibbet (gallows), -bettina, -liet- 
tino, car. dim. of -betta, -betto. -betto, 
M. : dressing-jacket ; gibbet. 

ginb-bilare [L. jubilare], intb. : re- 

'joice ; tb. : grant a pension (give a sine- 
cure), -bilazione, F. : rejoicing (feast- 
ing, jubilation), -bileo, M. : jubilee. 
-bilosot, adj. : overjoyed. 

giiib-bon«ello, dim. of -bone. ||-b6ne 

'[-id], M. : coat of coarse cloth. 



giubil. . 

giuca. .t = gioea. 

giuc-carello, -oTierello, dim. rf -co. 

'-oata, F : foolish action. -cTieria, F. : 

senselessness, giac-oo [?], adj. : fool- 
ish (silly). 

gin-daico, ADJ. : Jewish, -daismo, M.: 
Judaism, -daizzare, INTR. : judaize. 
Il-deo [JudcBo], M.; Jew (Israelite); adj. : 

gindi - cabile, adj. : judicable (which 

'can be judged), -camentot, m. : judg- 
ment (decree, opinion); penalty (punish- 
ment), -care, TR. : judge (pass judg- 
ment upon, decide); condemn t; leave, 
will (bequeath in testaments)t ; desire to 
be. -cativo, ADJ.: judicative, judiciary. 
-catot, M. : judgment; jurisdiction; dis- 
trict of a judge, -oatore, M., -catri-ce, 
P.: judge (decider)t. -catorio, ADJ.: 
judicatory (judicial) ; of judiciary astrol- 
ogy, -catura, P. : judicature, office, 
dignity (of a judge). -cazi6ne, P. : 
judgment (sentence). Ilgindi-ee [L. 
judex], M. : judge (magistrate); doctor of 
laws t ; jurisprudent. -oTievoliiientet, 
ADV. : justly (judiciously), -ci. . = -zi. . 
-ziale, ADJ.: judicial; of judicial astrol- 
ogy t. -zialmeute, ADV. : judicially. 
-ziariat, F. : jurisdiction of a judge. 
-ziario, ADJ.: judiciary (judicial); M. : 
astrologer, giudi-zio, M. : judgment 
(reasoning, understanding); court of jus- 
tice (tribunal)t ; indicationf (sign), -zio- 
so, ADJ. : judicious (prudent), -ziosa- 
mentet, ADV. : judiciously. 

ginggiaret, TR. : judge (decide). 

^nggio-la [L. jujuba], p. : fruit of the 
jujiib'e-tree: andar e in broda di -le, 
show great content, -lena, F. : (uncom.) 
the plant sesame, -lino, ADJ. : jujube- 
coloured (yellowish - red), giuggio-lo, 
M. : jujube-tree. 

ginjrnere, etc. := giungere, etc. 

^in-£rno [L. Junius], M. : June. 

gin-golare, -gulare [L. jugularis], 

'adj. : jugular. 

ginladro = giullare. 

gin-lebbare, TR. : cook in sugar (of 
'fruit); sweeten too much. ||-lebbe [1. L. 
julapium], -lebbot, M.: julep : -lebbo lun- 
go'f, prolix discourse. 

gid-liat, P.: kind of odorous herb, -lia- 
'nat, F. : soup of herbs and vegetables ; 

giuli&nzaj;, F. : jollity (joy). 

giulio I [Pope Julius], M. : jule (small 

'silver coin); Julyt. 

ginli-ot2, ADJ.: gay (joyous); M.: joy 

'(happiness), -vamente, ADV. : gladly 
(joyously), -vettot, dim. of -vo. -vi- 
titi P- : joy (gayety). ||giuli-To [OPr. 

204 ginllare 

jolif, ak. to Eng. jolly], adj. : joyous (jol- 
ly, content). 

giul-lare [L. joculator], M. : merry-an- 

'drew (buffoon, jester), -laresco, adj. : 
comical (antic, foolish); of a buffoon. 
-leriaf, P. : buffoonery. 

g^nmella [gemelloi], F. : measure of two 


giu-menta, F. : mare; prostitute f: le- 
gar la — 1> tie the mare, sleep well. 
-mentiere t, M. : ass - driver ; stud- 
keeper. Il-mento [L. jumentum], M. : 
beast of burden. 

giunaref ^ digiunare, 

ginn-caia, F. : place of rushes, -caret, 

'tr. : strew with rushes and flowers, -ca- 
ta, F. : junket, -chiglia, P. : jonquil 
(species of the narcissus or daffodil). 
Ilgiun-co [L.juncus], M.: rush (bulrush): 
cercare il nodo nel — , seek difficulties 
and defects where there are none. 

giun-gere [L. jungere], IRR.§ ; intr. : 

'arrive; tr. : join (unite); overtake; in- 
duce f; reduce t; cheat f; hitf. -gi- 
mentof, M. : joining (junction, union).' 
Ind.: Fret. £^iutt-sif -se ; -sero, F^xX. giun- 
to. — Poet, giugn, . 

ginniperof, M. : juniper-tree. 

gidn-ta, P. : addition (increase) ; appen- 
'dix (to a book); junta (assembly, council); 
joint t; arrival f: ii — , into the bargain 
(to boot) ; a ■prima, di prima — , at first 
(in the beginning), -tare, TR. : sew to- 
gether (unite); deceive (cheat), -tato- 
re t, M. : cheat (rascal), -teria, P. : 
cozening (fraud, cheating). Ilgidn-to 
[-gere], part. :, arrived ; swindled f (de- 
ceived), -tura, F. : articulation (join- 
ing); con junction f. 

ginoc. . = gioc. . 

giu-raddina, -raddiana (vulg. euphe- 

' mism) ^=-raddio. -raddio [giuro,a. Dial, 
INTBRJ.: (angry) oath, giu-raf, F.: oath ; 
conspiracy (plot), -ramento, M.: oath: 
dar il — , administer the oath, -rante- 
mentof, ADV. : on oath, -rare, intr.: 
take an oath ; TR. : swear ; affiance (be- 
troth): giurarla a uno, swear revenge 
against one ; — un ufficio, mti magistrate, 
swear to exercise an office conscientiously. 
-rate, PART. : bound by an oath (sworn) ; 
M. : juror (jury-man); conspirator t : don- 
na -ta, fiancSe (bride-elect), -ratoref, 
M., -ratri«e, F. : swearer, -ratorio, 
ADJ. : JURATORY (swom) : cauzione — ria, 
oath to put one's property at the disposal 
of the government, -razionef = -ra- 
mento. Ilgiu-re [L. jus, law], M. : law 
(jurisprudence): in — , according to law. 
-re=oonsdlto, M. : jurisconsult ; civilian. 
-ri, M. : jury, -ridioamente, ADV. : 
juridically (lawfully). -ridi«ita, p.: 


jurisdiction, -ridico, ADJ.: juridical 
iflawful, legal), -risdizionale, ADJ.: 
jurisdictional, -risdizione, -ridizio- 

ne [L. jurisdictio], P.: jurisdiction; 
power (authority); place over which juris- 
diction is exercised : — di sangue^, power 
of condemning to death, -risperito [L. 
juris-peritus], M. : jurisconsult (learned 
lawyer), -pisprndentet = -risperito. 
-risprndenza [L. juris-prudentia], p.: 
jurisprudence, -rista, M.: jurist; civil- 
ian, giu-ro, M. : oath : far — d' assas- 
lino, take a desperate oath. Ilgid-s [L. 
jns\, M. : law (jurisprudence); right (jus- 
tice). -sdi«ente, M. : judge. 

gfuaot [L. de-orsum, 'down -turned'], 
'adv.: down, below. 

gins^patronato, M. : right to confer a 

giusquiamo [fr. Gr.], M.: (bot.) henbane. 

giusta [L. iuxta, near], prep. : according 
'to, inasmuch as, conformably to; nearf 
(hard by); withf. 

giustac(ii)dre [Fr. just-au-corps], M. ; 
'close coat. 

gias-tamente, ADV.: justly (rightly). 
'-tezza, F. : justness (precision) ; punctu- 
ality; (typ.) the equal length of a line 
-tificabile, ADJ.: justifiable, -tifican- 
te, ADJ. : justifying, -tificare, TR. : 
justify; prove; regulate: clear f (jus- 
tify, exculpate); refl. : justify or clear 
one's self (prove one's innocence), -tifi- 
catamente, ADV. : rightly (justifiably, 
in a justifying manner), -tificativo, 
ADJ. : justificative, -tificatore, M., -ti- 
ficatri«e, F. : justifier (defender), -ti- 
ficatorio, ADJ. : justificatory ; justiflea- 
tivef. -tificazione, F. : justification 
(vindication), -tizia [L. justitia]. P.: 
justice ; execution ; (pi.) judges (tribunal); 
gallowst (gibbet) : far la — eolV ascia, 
coll' aceetta, render justice freely ; chior 
mar in — , sue at law ; andare alia — , 
go to execution ; — originale, state of 
innocence, -tiziare [-tizia], TR. : exe- 
cute (put to death) : — una persona, re- 
duce one to a most pitiful state, -tizia- 
to, PART. : judged (executed, punished). 
-tizieratof, M. : jurisdiction, -tiziere, 
-tizierof, M. : hangman (executioner) ; 
judgef. -tiziosot, adj. : just (upright). 
Ilgids-to [L. Justus], adj. : just (equita- 
bl'e) ; upright ; precise (exact ; opportune) ; 
necessary; useful; ADV.: precisely (just- 
ly) : per dirla -ta, to speak the truth ; 
eonto — , exact account ; — appunto, pre- 
cisely for that. 

glabaf, F. : sprout (twig, shoot). 

gla«iale [L. -lis], ADJ. : glacial (icy). 

gladia-t6re [L. -tor {gladius, sword)], 
M. : gladiator, -tdrio, ADJ.: gladia- 

tonal, gladio t, M. : sword (poniard, 

glan-dula, -dolaf [L. (dim. of glans)], 
F.: gland; kernel, -dnlare, ADJ.: glan- 
dular, -duletta, dim. of -dula. -du- 
li=f6rme, ADJ. : glandiform, -dnloso, 
ADJ. : glandulous. 

glastof, glastrof, M. : (ioi.) woad (a 
plant used for dyeing). 

glan-co [L. -cus\, ADJ. : sea-green (ceru- 
lean). -cM, M. PL. : kind of fish popular 
among the Eomans. -coma, m. : glau- 
coma (disease of the eyes). 

glavet, M. : swordfish. 

gleba [L.], P. : turf (clod) : gervi della — , 

jfli [L. illi], ART., M. PL. : the ; pron. : to 
him; (fam.) to her; to them; them; it 
(that); ADV.f: there (yonder). 

gli«eriiia [Gr. glukeros, sweet], P. : gly- 

glic6nio [fr. poet Glukoii], M. : kind of 

glle-, for gli before lo, la, le, ne. 

glifo [Gr. gluphos], M. : glyph. 

glit-tica [Gr. gluptike], P. : art of carv- 
ing precious stones, -to^gra^a, P.: 

glo, us'ly [echoic], M. : gurgle (in 

pouring from a bottle): fare , drink. 

glo-bettino, dim. of -betto. -betto, 
M. : dim. of -bo; globule. ||gld-bo [L. 
-bus], M. : globe (sphere, earth, ball) ; 
band of soldiersf. -bosita, P. : globosity 
(rotundity), -boso, ADJ. : globular (glo- 
bose, round), -bnlare = -boso. -bu- 
letto, dim. of -bulo. glo-bulo, dim. 
of -bo. 

gidri-a [L.], p. : glory (reputation, honour, 
praise) ; heaven ; verse of a prayer ; kind 
of grapet : andare a — , have great satis- 
faction or delight ; aspettare a — , await 
with great anxiety ; farsi — d' una cosa, 
boast of a thing ; sonare a — , ring the 
bells for joy ; non tutti i salmi finiscon in 
— , not all hazardous undertakings are 
successful, -riare, eepl. : take pride 
in ; boast ; hold one's self in esteem ; TR.f: 
glorify (praise, make glorious), -riatof, 
M. : glory ; part. : glorious (magnificent). 
-riazionef, P. : vainglory (ostentation, 
pride), -rificamentot, M. : glorifica- 
tion (act of glorifying). ' -rific4re, TR.: 
glorify (praise) ; take pridef (boast, brag). 
-rificativo, ADJ. : able to glorify, -ri- 
ficatore, M., -rificatrice, P.: glorifier. 
-rificazione, P.: glorification, -riosa- 
mente, adv.: gloriously ; vainly (haughti- 
ly, conceitedly), -riosetto, dim. of 

-rioso. -rioso, adj.: glorious (famous, 

illustrious) ; vainglorious (proud, haughty): 

vino — , generous wine ; miiteri -oii, glo- 1 

gocoiolone 206 

rious mysteries (of the rosary), -rin-e- 
«f.a, -riuzza, disp. dim. of -ria. 

glos-at, -sa [L., tongue], P. : gloss (note, 
exposition), -aref, -sare, TR. : gloss 
(expound, comment upon), -sario, M. : 
glossary (vocabulary), -atoref, -sato- 
re, M. : glosser (commentator), -sema, 
M. : explanatory word. -sograHa, p. : 
glossography. -sografo, M. : glossogra- 
pher. -sologia, P. : glossology. 

gl6t-ta, -tide [Gr. glotta, tongue], p. : 
glottis, -tologia, P. : glottology. -to- 
logico, adj. : glottological. 

glncosio [Gr. gluker6s, sweet], M. : glu- 

gluma [L., hull, husk], P. : glume. 

gluti-ne [L. gluten], M. : glue ; coagu- 
lum (clot of blood) ; any viscous substance. 
-nosita, P. : glutinosity. -noso, adj. : 
glutinous (viscous, sticky). glnti-nof 
= -ne. 

g^acehera = naechera. 

gaciSaf, P. : prostitute. 

gn&Sej, adv. : in truth ! by my troth ! 

^natonet, M. : glutton. 

£rna-o, -u [echoic], M. : mewing (of a 
cat), -ulare, intr. : mew. -ulata, 
P. : mewing, -alio, M. : continued mew- 
ing, gnau-lo, M. : mewing. 

^nocco [?], M. : dumpling ; dunce (block- 
head, simpleton). 

gno-mef, P. : gnome (maxim), gno-mi- 
co, adj. : gnomic. Hgno-mo [Gr. gno- 
me, intelligence], m. : gnome (genius). 
-mone [Gr. gnomon], M. : gnomon, in- 
dex (of a sun dial), -monica, P. : gno- 
monics. -monico, adj. : gnomonical. 

^norri [ignoro], M., INVAR. : far lo — , 
feign ignorance. 

^nos-tiei [Gr. -is, cognition], M. : gnos- 
tics, -tico, ADJ.: nobody; none. 

gdb-ba, P.: hump (hunch, prominence). 
-ba««io, disp. of -bo. -betto, ear. 
dim. of -60. Ilgob-bo [L. gibbus], ADJ. : 
humped (humpbacked; hunched; gib- 
bous) ; curved ; winding ; m. : hunchback ; 
hunch (hump; bulge); artichoke plant. 
-bone, (fam.) andar — , go bent, -buz- 
zot, dim. of -bo. 

g6«-«ia, -«iola ^guttea (L. gutta)], P. : 
drop; earring; (arch.) guttse; crackf: a 
— a — , drop by drop ; accidente a -ciola, 
apoplexy, -efare, -«iolare, TR. : drop 
(pour out by drops) ; intr. : drip (fall by 
drops) ; be desperately in love withf. 
-eiolamentof, M. : dropping. -«iola- 
toio, M. : gutter (drain), -ciolatnra, 
p. : dropped wax. -«ioletta, -«iolina, 
dim. of -ciola. -eiolino, dim. of -ciolo. 
g6e-«{olo, M. : drop (small quantity of 
liquid, the least drop) ; least bitf. -eio- 
lone, M. : aug. of -ciola and -ciolo; (fig.) 

206 gooololoso 

dunce (ninny), -eiolosot, adj. : drop- 
ping, -ciolotti, M. PL. : munitions or 
provisions for hunting. 
go-dente, PART.: enjoying; possessing; 
PL. : of monks belonging to a religious 
order of knighthood. ||-dere [L. gau- 
dere], (ire.§); intr.: enjoy (take pleasure ; 
rejoice); possess : — la vita, spend life 
in enjoyment ; — un podere^ receive the 
rents of an estate ; — le tasse, be exempt 
from taxes; godersela, enjoy one's self. 
-dere««io, -devole, ADJ. : pleasant (giv- 
ing pleasure, agreeable), -de-volmente, 
ADV. : agreeably (pleasantly, with joy). 
-dibile, ADJ.: enjoyable, -dimento, 
M.: enjoyment (pleasure), -diosof, adj.: 
joyful (merry), -ditore, M. : good fel- 
low (jovial companion), -dutaf, F. : 
gaiety (revelry, enjoyment). -duto, 
PART. : enjoyed. 

§ Fut. gvderd or godrb. Cond. gocHe)rii. 

gof-faggine,F.: awkwardness (stupidity). 
-famente, ADV. : awkwardly (ungrace- 
fully), -feggfare, INTR. : act awkward- 
ly, -feria', '-fezzaf, F. : awkwardness. 
||g6f-fo[?], ADJ.: awkward; astonishedf; 
M. : awkward person ; kind of game at 
cards, -fone, aug. of -fo. -fotto, ADJ.: 
a little awkward. 

gogrna [?], F. : iron collar or band ; pil- 
lory; (fig.) rogue. 

g6-la [L. gula\, P. : throat ; gluttony ; 
gluttonous or greedy person; conduit 
(pipe); defile; appetite (desire): sentirsi 
un nodo alia — , want to cry ; far un pec- 
cato di — , want a thing badly ; mentire 
per — , lie in the throat ; parlare in — , 
speak low; — di monte, defile (gorge). 
-i&eeia, disp. of -la. -laref, -leggia- 
ret, INTR. : covet (want, desire), -iot- 
tai, F. : car. dim. of -la; collar; (fi^.) 
gluttonous person ; necklacef; mouldingf. 

goletta2 [Pr. goelette], F.: schooner (small 

goletto [gola], M. : neckband (of a shirt), 

goliardo [?], M. : student (in the Middle 

golfo [1. Gr. kdlphos], M. : gulf (bay): na- 
vigare a — lanciato, sail in the main sea. 

go-lino [-la], M. : fillip in the throat. 
-losamente, ADV. : greedily, -losita, 
F. : gluttony (lust), -loso, adj. : greedy 
(gluttonous, desirous). 

gol-patof, ADJ. : of a fox ; mildewed 
(blasted, blighted). Hgol-pef [volpe], F.: 
fox; blight (mildew), -ponof, M. : cun- 
ning fox ; old wily fox. 

gombiua [?], F.: thong (of a flail); ridgef 
(between furrows). 

gdmbitof = gomito. 

gdmeiia [?], F. : cable. 


gomiref = vomitare. 
go-mitata, F. : blow with the elbow. 
Ilgo-mito, pi. -i or -a [eubito], M. : el- 
bow; arm; angle (comer); cubit (meas- 
ure)} : alzar il — , be fond of drink. 
gomi-tolaref, TR. : reel (wind); repl. : 
gather into groups or clusters, -tolino, 
dim. of -tola. Ilgomi-tolo [L. glomug], 
M. : ball or clew of thread ; cluster of 
bees ; subterfugef : — della terra, globe. 
gomito-net, -ni, adv. : leaning on the 
gom-ma \h. gummi]. P.: gum; kind of 
venereal disease (bubo)t : ■ — tnrea, in- 
cense ; — arabiea, gum arable, -mi- 
fero, ADJ. : gum-producing, -moso, 
ADJ. : gummous (gummy). 
gomo-uaf, P.: cable, -nettaf, P.: dim, 
of -na; tackling of great guns. 

gon-daf [Gr. kondu, cup]. P.: bark (boat). 
gon-dola, P. : gondola, -doletta, car. 
dim. of -dola. -doliere, M. : gondolier 

gonfal6-ne [OHG. gund-fano, battle-flag], 
M. : gonfauon (standard, banner, flag): te- 
nere il ^, direct (be at the head), -nio- 
rato, M. : dignity or ofBce of the stand- 
ard-bearer; time which that office lasts. 
-niere, -nierof, M. : standard-bearer 
(ensign); supreme magistrate of the Flor- 
entine republic ; head (chief)t. 

gon-fiaf, M. : glass-blower, -fiagginef, 
-fiagionef, P. : swellmg, tumour.' -fia- 
mento, M. : swelling; pride (haughti- 
ness)t. -fiannvoli, M. PL. : vainglo- 
rious, boasting man. ||-fiare [L. eon- 
flare, blow up], TR. : swell, blow out ; puff 
up (with pride); intr.: swell; become 
proud (be puffed up with pride); be 
swollen with anger, -fiatof, m. : swell- 
ing ; pride, -fiatoio, M. : instrument 
for filling with gas or air ; syringe (squirt). 
-fiatore, M. : puffer (flatterer); Inflater. 
-fiatura, P. : effect of swelling ; haughti- 
ness; flattery, -fietto, dim. of -fio. 
-fiezza, P. : swelling ; pride, gon-fio, 
ADJ.: swollen; proud (conceited); bom- 
bastic, turgid (style); m. : swelling, tu- 
mour : andar — , show vainglory, -fiore, 
M. : small swelling, -fidttof, M. : swim- 

gon-ga [?], F. : tonsil, gland ; swellmg of 
the tonsils (sore throat), -golare [-golo], 
INTR.: jump for joy; be transported, -go- 
so, ADJ.: glandulous ; of sore throat. 

gongrof, M. . conger-eel. 

gonidmetro [Gr. gonia, angle, metron, 
measure], M. : goniometer. 

gon-na [? ak. to Eng. gown], -nella, F. : 
petticoat (skirt); coatf; vestf; human 
bodyf. -iiella««{a, disp. of -nella. 
-nell6tta, -nellina, dim. of -nella. 


-nellino, M.: child's dress, -nello, M.: 
kilts, tunic, -nellone, ang. of -nello. 
-nella««ia, disp. dim. of -nella. 

gonorrea [Gr. -rrhoia (gonos, genital, 
rhein, flow)], p. : gonorrhoea. 

gonzo [?], ADJ. : credulous (simple); too 

gora [?], F. : conduit, trench ; mill-race : 
una — di sangue, flow of blood. 

gorbia, F. : ferrule (at lower end of a 
cane); chisel; gouget. 

gordiano [Gordio], ADJ. : Gordian. 

gorello, M. : dim. of gora; small water- 

gor-gat, P.: throat (gullet, windpipe). 
-gera, P.: collar or ruff of fine cloth; 
gorget (armour for the neck), -geretta, 
-gerina, dim. of -gera. -gh.eggia- 
mento, M. : trilling (quave, shaking). 
-gJieggiare, INTB.: trill (quaver, shake); 
warble; grumblef, rattle (of the intes- 
tines). -gTieggiatore, M. : triller ; 
warbler. -gTieggio, M. : trill (shake). 
-g/ietto, dim. ' of -go. gdr-gia, F. : 
prolonged and aspirated pronunciation of 
consonants ; gullet (throat) f ; tremulo 
(trill)t. -gjiera. P.: =-gera; throatf; 
cover (lid).' -gieretta, dim. of -giera. 
-gfonet, M.: drunkard (toper). ||g6r-go 
[L. gurges],M.: vortex (whirlpool); gulf 
(abyss), -gogrliamento, M. : gurgling. 
-gogliare, intr. : gurgle (bubble up, 
boil); get wormyt. -gogliato, PAKT. : 
worm-eaten (wormy), -goglio, M. : gur- 
gling (bubbling); rumbling or rattling in 
the throat or intestines, -gogrlione, 
M. : (zool.) weevil (mite); kind of birdf. 

gor-gone, gor-gone [L. -gona (Gr. -gos, 
terrible)], P. : (myth) gorgon ; shield of 
Minerva, -goneo, -gonio, ADJ. : gor- 
gonian ; (fig.) hard ; fierce. 

gorgoranot, M. : grogram (silk stuff). 

gorgoz-zaf [gargozza],F.: throat (gullet). 
-zdle, disp. of -za. 

gorilla [fr. Afr.], M. : gorilla. 

gornat, P. : gutter (drain). 

goppat, F. : kind of ozier ; coarse woollen 

gor-zarettof, -zarinof, -zepinot, M. : 
collarette (small ruff). 

go-ta [? L. gabata, platter], p. : cheek ; 
cheek-pieeet (of a helmet) : stare in -te, 
be reserved or grave ; cappueio a -te, hood 
(cowl), -tacefa, disp. of -ta. -tata, 
P. : slap (cuff), -tellinat, dim of -ta. 

gdtico [Goti], ADJ. : Gothic ; (typ.) Old- 
English (black-letter). 

gotina, car. dim. of -ta. 

goto, ADJ. : Gothic ; m. : Goth. 

go-tona, -tone, aug. of -ta. 

got-ta [L. gutta, drop], P. : gout ; dropt : 
— Serena, disease of the eyes, -tato. 

gradella 207 

ADJ. : spotted, -tazza, F. : scoop (skeef). 
g6t-to [L. guttus, vase], m. : goblet (bowl, 
cup). -t6so, ADJ.: gouty, -tu-ecia, 
-tdzza, -dim. of -ta. 

govep-nalef, M. : helm (rudder) ; helms- 
man, -namentot, M. : government (di- 
rection), -nante, ADJ. : governing; F. : 
governess. Il-uare [L. gubernare], tr. : 
govern (manage); steer (pilot); take 
care of ; manure ; season : — uno'\, dress 
one. -uativo, adj. : of government 
-natopa, disp. or iron, of -natore. -na- 
tore, M. : governor ; helmsmanf. -na- 
tri-ee, P. : governess, -nazionef, F. : 
government, -nimef, M. : soil (manure). 
gover-no, M. : government ; supreme ad- 
ministration, constitution; state; strength- 
ening (of wines) ; manure : sharra di — , 
hand-gear-rod (reversing lever). 

goz-zaia, P.: matter gathered in the 
throat ; goltref (wen) ; inveterate hatredf. 
Ilgoz-zo [gargozzoj, M. : crop (craw, in- 
gluvies); goitre ; watering-troughf ; crusef 
(kind of cup) ; kind of fishing barque. 

gozzo-viglia [gaudibilia], P. : revelling. 
-vi£rl£ape, INTE. : feast (revel, stuff). 
-viffiiata, P.: revelry (stuffing), -viglio 

gozznto [gozzd], adj. : having a wen or 

gracc7ii-a, F. : crow, jackdaw ; chatterer 
(babbler), -amento, M. : croaking; prat- 
tle. II -are [L. graculus, jackdaw], intr. : 
croak ; prate (chatter) ; scream ; grumble* 
say vain or untrue things about another. 
-fita, F. : croaking; chat. -atore, 
-6ae, M. : croaker ; prattler (babbler). 
graccfti-o, M. . noise of croaking or 
prattling, gracculof, M.: jackdaw, crow. 

gpa«i - dare [L. -Hare, cackle], intb. : 
croak; cluckf (cackle), -datore, M., 
-datri-ee, F.: croaker ; prater ; slanderer. 
-dazione, F. : croaking ; cluckingt ; cack- 
lingf. -d6so, ADJ. : croaking ; chatty, 

gTd«i-le [L. -lis], ADJ. : slender (small, 
thin) ; weak, delicate, -letto, -lino, dim. 
of -le. -lita, P. : slenderness (thinness) ; 
weakness, delicacy. 

gpaeimolo [raeimA)lo], M. : bunch of 
grapes; glean. 

gradat, P. : gridiron. 

gra - daggiot, M. : favour ; pleasure. 
Il-daref [-do], intb. : be divided by de- 
grees; descend by degrees, tr.: grade; 

gra-dassata, P.: bullying. H-dasso 
[knight G.], m. : cowardly bully. 

grada-tamente [grado], adv.: grad- 
ually (by degrees), -zione, p. : grada- 

gradellat, P. : fishing-basket (hurdle). 



gra-devole [-dire], adj.: pleasant, agree- 
able (acceptable), -devolmente, ADV. : 
agreeably ; gratefully ; with pleasure, -di- 
mento, M. : acceptance ; satisfaction ; 

gra-dina, P. : fine dented chisel ; indenta- 
tion, -diuare, TR. : smooth with the 
chisel, -dinata, P. : flight of steps, -di- 
natura, P.: chiselling; indentations made 
by it. Il-dino l-do 2], M. : step (stair) ; 
large step ; ohiself. 

gra-dire, TE. : accept with pleasure ; ap- 
prove of; have desire; please (satisfy, 
content) ; recompensef (reward) ; iNTE.f : 
advance forward, ascend by steps, -dito, 
ADJ. : agreeable (welcome), -divamen- 
tef, ADV.: with much pleasure. Hgra- 
do I [L. grains, pleasing], m. : pleasure 
(gratification, gratefulness) ; will ; favour : 
di buon — , with pleasure (willingly) ; a 
mal or mal — , unwillingly ; vi sapro — , 
I shall be obliged to you ; venire in — t, 
have better luck ; quando vi sard a — f, 
when you please ; sentir — 1> f s^l grateful ; 
a tuo — ti at your pleasure. 

gra-do 2 pli. -dus], M. : grade (step, de- 
gree) ; rank (dignity) ; (math.) degree ; 
stairf ; species, uaturef : tener il — , pre- 
serve one's dignity ; avere in — , have in 
esteem ; a — a ■ — , gradually (little by 
little) ; di — f, spontaneously ; di — in — , 
successively, -dnale, ADJ.: gradual; M.: 
prayers after the epistle, -dualmente, 
ADV.: gradually (by degrees), -duare, 
TR. : graduate, -duato, pakt. : grad- 
uated ; having rank or degrees, -dnata- 
mente = -datamente. -duatoria, F. : 
document containing graduated list of 
creditors, -dnazione, F. : graduation. 
-duiref, TR. : ennoble. 

graf-fiamento, M. : scratch (scratching). 
-fiare [-fio\, TK. : scratch (claw) ; cut : — 
roha, steal things, -fiasanti, M. : bigot, 
hypocrite, -fiata, F. : scratching ; mark 
of scratch, -fiatina, dim. of -jiata. 
-fiatura, F. : scratch (slight tear]. -£et- 
to, M.: dim. of -fio; little scratch ; mark- 
ing iron. Ilgral-fio [OPr. grafe (OGer. 
iragfo, hook, clasp)], M. : scratch; hook. 

gr-affito [Gr. grdphein, write], M. : graf- 
fito (kind of fresco painting), -afia, F. : 
mode of representing words in writing. 
-aficam^nte, ADV. : graphically, -afi- 
00, ADJ. : graphic, -afite, P. : graphite 
(plumbago, blacklead). 

gra-<7n(ii)61a [-ndine], F. : hail ; small 
hailt; great quantityt: conoscer la — 
della treggea, distinguish the good from 
the bad. -gnolare, intr. : hail. 

gramaglta, [Sp. -malla, coat of mail], p. : 
mourning clothes ; C^^.)t darkness. 

gramaref, TK. : grieve (afflict, vex). 


gramatica. .f = graTimiatica. . 

gramezzaf, P. : sorrow (misery). 

grami-f/na [L. -nea], F. : dog's-grass: 
sentir naseer la — , hear the slightest 
noises, grami-^rnot, -99610, M. : spe- 
cies of the olive ; adj. : covered with 
dog's-grass, -jrnoso, ADJ. : full of dog's- 
grass. -iia«eo, ADJ. : gramineous. 

gr^m-ma [Gr., letter ; small weight], P. : 

grammati-ca [L. (Gr. gramma, letter)], 
p. : grammar ; Latin languaget. -cale, 
ADJ. : grammatical. - calmente, - ca- 
mente, ADV. : grammatically, -castro, 
M. : (disp.) wretched or poor grammarian. 
-cheria., P. : pedantic grammatical mi- 
nuteness, grammati-co, H. : gram- 
marian ; Latinistf. -cu««f a, disp. of 

gram-mo = -ma. 

gramo [OUG. gram], ADJ.: wretched (mis- 

gr amo - la , P. : hemp - brake ; kneading 
apparatus. l|-lare [?], tr. : mash (hemp, 
etc.); knead, -lata^granita. -latnra, 
p. : mashing flax or hemp ; kneading. 

grampaf, P. : claw (paw, talon). 

gramuffaf, F. : grammar. 

gran = grande. 

gra-na [-710], P.: grain; cochineal; 
roughness of the surface; kind of bad 
tobacco, -naglia. P.: fusion of gold 
and silver into grains. - naglie, P. PL. : 
grains in general, -naio, M. : granary ; 
of com (cereal), -naiolo, M. : corn- 
merchant (corn-chandler), -nare, INTR. : 
uncom. form of -nire; TR.f: reduce to 
grains, -nata, p.: broom; grenade; 
sort of a late plumf: esser di casa pii, che 
la — , be very familiar with ; pigliar la 
— , send away every one from an office ; 
saltar la — f, be free from the superin- 
tendence of parents or tutors, -nataio, 
M. : broom maker or seller, -natata, 
P. : blow with a broom, -natetta, -na- 
tina, dim. of -nata. -natiere, M. : 
grenadier, -natino, M. : small broom; 
daisyf. -nato, M. : pomegranate; gar- 
net ; granulated t; vigorous t; hardf. 
-natona, -natone, aug. of -jiata. -na- 
tuzzaf, disp. of -nata. 

granbestia or gran bestia, F. : elk. 

gran^can-eelli^re, M. : lord high chan- 

gran=caiie, M. : title of nobility in the 

gran=cdssa, P. : one who beats the bass 
drum in a band. 

graii-«evolat, p.: crab. -cMesca- 
mente, ADV. : backwardly. -c/iiesco, 
ADJ.: crab -like, backward, -ohiessa, 
p. of -chio. -oTiietto, dim. ot -ehio. 


gran-cTiio [dim. of L. cancer], M.: Crus- 
tacea gen'ly (crayfish ; crab) ; cancer ; 
cramp-iron (carpenter's holdfast) ; claw 
of a hammer ; cramp : — di mare, lob- 
ster; avere il — alia scarsella, spend 
money unwillingly; — a secco, pinch; 
prendere (or pigliare) un — (a seeco), be 
deceived, make a mistake ; piU lunatico 
de' -ehi, madder than a March hare. 
-cTtiolino, dim. of -chio. -c^ione, 
aug. of -chio. -ei=pdrTo, M. : grample 
(very large crab) ; great error (blunder) : 
pigliar un — , make a blunder, -cirof, 
TR. : seize (grasp, snatch) ; rob (steal). 

gTan-da««io, disp. of -de. ||gran-de 
\h.-dis], ADJ.: great (large, huge); tall 
(high); grand (sublime; eminent); princi- 
pal; noble; m. : adult; nobleman, grandee; 
ADV. : greatly : nel piU gran verno, in mid- 
winter ; — di eti, old ; venir — in alcuna 
eosa, perfect one's self in a thing; essere — 
con unof, be a greatly esteemed favourite ; 
notte — 1^ long nights ; vino — t, strong 
wine; vita — ^ti severe, austere life; gran 
mercffiiot, cheap; gran pezzo^, great while ; 
stare in snl — , be grave and serious ; stare 
alia — 1> live in great style, -deggiare, 
INTR. : play the great man ; show pride (put 
on airs), -demente, adv.: greatly 
(much); noblyt; valorouslyf. -detto, adj.: 
dim. of -de; rather large, -dezza, F. : 
greatness (largeness); grandeur (nobility, 
sublimity) ; excess (luxury) : dare — a 
uno'\, render homage to one. -dezzata, 
P. : ostentatious luxury, -di-eello, -di- 
«eIIiiio, -dic-eiuolot, car. dim. of -de. 
-digia, F. : pride (haughtiness); great- 
ness't. -diglioae, M. : large overgrown 
hoy. -diloqnenza [-de, eloquenza], F. : 

grandi-nare [-me], impers.; inte.: hail. 
-nata, F. : shower of hail ; hailstorm. 
Ilgrandi-ne [L. grando], F. : hail ; kind 
of pottage ; storm ; calamity (great mis- 
fortune); small tumourf. -nina, dim. 
of -ne ; bit of pottage. 

grandino, car. dim. of grande. 

grandinosof, ADJ. : of hail ; full of hail ; 

gran-diosamente, ADV. : grandly (mag- 
nificently) ; haughtily. -diosit&, F. : 
grandeur (magnificence, sumptuousness). 
-dioso [-de\, ADJ. : grand (imposing, ma- 
jestic); grandiose (pompous, ostentatious), 
-diref, TR. : enlarge (increase); raise. 
-do = -dine, -done, aug. of -de. -do- 
pe f = -dezza. -dotto, adj.: rather 
large, -dnca [-de, duca], M. : grand- 
duke, -dncale, adj. : grand-ducal, -du- 
cato, M. : grand-duchy, -ducfcessa, 
P. : grand-duchess. 

gra-melletto, -nellino, dim. of -nello. 



ll-nello [dim. of -no], M. : grain (corn) ; 
seed or kernel (of fruits); testicles; bit 
(very small portion); duncet (blockhead). 
-nelloso, ADJ. : granulous (granular). 

gran-farro [L./ar, grain], M. : spelt. 

gran = f atto, adv. : great deal (much) : 
— fia, is it possible that? 

gran-fia [OHG. kramph], P. : claw (clutch, 
talon), -fiata, F. : scratch (pinch, cut). 

gran=gnardia, P. : guard (grand guard, 

gra-nifero [grano, gram,h. Jerre, bear], 
ADJ. : graniferous. -nigione, p., -ni- 
mentot, M. : act of becoming seed (run- 
ning to seed), -nire, INTR. : seed (be- 
come seed) ; te. : yield seed or grain, -ni- 
ta, F. : ice (of lemon, orange, coffee, 
etc.). -nitico, adj. ; granitic, -niti- 
forme l-nito, forma], adj. : granitiform. 
-nito, adj. : granitic (grainy) ; solid 
(stout, firm) ; M. : granite ; form of seedf; 
stone-chiself. -nitoio, M. : stone-chisel. 
-nitore, M. : one who grains metals, etc. 
-nitnra, F. : going to seed ; graining ; 
milling (of a coin), -nivoro [-no, L. vo- 
rare, devour], ADJ. : granivorous. 

gran=maestro, M. : grand master ; very 
learnedf or very able man. ' 

grannier«e, gran nier«e -e, ADV. : 
gramercy, I thank you. 

grano [L. granum], u. : GRAIN (corn) ; 
seed ; granule ; grain-weight ; very small 
quantity : ogni uccello conosce il — , every 
one knows what is good. 

gra-nocoTiia [ranocchia], F., -nocoMo, 
M. : frog. 

gra-none [-710], M. : gold or silver twist 
sewn on embroidery (pearl), -nosof, adj.: 
full of grains (well-grained, grainy, gran- 
ulous). -n=turco, M. : Indian corn, -nu- 
lare, ADJ. : granular ; TR. : granulate 
(reduce to grains), -nulatoio, M. : place 
where metals are granulated ; granulating 
sieve, -nulazione, F. : granulation, -nu- 
loso, ADJ. : granulous. 

gran=visir, =visire, M. : grand vizier. 

grap-pa [OGer. grapfo], P.: hook, grap- 
pling-iron (grapple); brace, crotchet (in 
printing) ; fine brandy ; stem of cherriesf. 
-paref, TR. : grapple (seize, catch), -pi- 
no, M. : grappling-iron ; grapnel : — a 
mano-^, hand-grapple, -pof, M. : grap- 
pling (snatching, catching), -poletto, 
-polino, dim. of -polo, grap-polo, 
M.: bunch or cluster of grapes : nuovo ■ — , 
dolce. — , fool (blockhead) ; a — lif, in 
quantities. -polu«€io, disp. of -polo. 

gra^sciaf, P. : fat (lard, grease) ; provi- 
sions; gain (advantage, profit). Ilgra- 
sce [OFr. grancke, GRANary], f. pl. : pro- 
visions (victuals) ; magistrate who super- 
intends the markets, -sceta, F. : rich 

210 grasoere 

grass land, -scere, -sciere, -scino, 

M. : commissary (superintendent of the 

graspot, M. : grape-stalk. 

grass a—ecio, disp. of grasso. -mente, 
ADV. : with fatness ; largely. 

gras-satore [L. -sari, go about], M. : 
highwayman (assassin), -sazione, F. : 
highway robbery., 

gras-sello, M. : bit of fat ; flower of 
lime ; kind of figf. -setto, ADJ. : pretty 
fat. -sezza, F. : fatness (embonpoint, 
plumpness) ; richness (opulence) ; densi- 
tyt (thickness), -sino, car. dim. of -so. 
Il-so [crasso], adj. : fat (greasy, plump) ; 
wealthy (rich) ; advantageous ; fertile ; 
M. : fat (flesh) ; abundance : e — eke cola, 
he is excessively fat ; discorsi -si, slip- 
pery (wanton) discourses; terreno — , 
fertile land ; riso — , loud burst of laugh- 
ter; patto — , good bargain; giorno di 
— , meat day ; stare sul — , live in plenty 
(be wealthy) ; parola -sa, obscure word ; 
alia -saf, with advantage; il piU — 
d' un paese, most fertile part of a prov- 
ince. -s6€«io, adj. : rather fat. -so€- 
«i6ue, aug. of -soccio. -sottino, adj.: 
dim. of -sotto; rather fat. -sotto, adj.: 
pretty fat. -sottone, ADJ. : aug. of 
-sotto; rather fat. 

grassulaf, F. : fine, delicate fig. 

gr assume, M. : disp. of -so; fat sub- 
stance ; manure. 

grastat, F. : flower-pot. 

grata [L. crates, hurdle], F. : grate (of a 
convent, etc.) ; gratef ; gridironf. 

gratamente [gratoj, ADV. : graciously 

gra-tella [-ta], F. : gridiron (small grate); 
fish-basket. -ti-c«ia, F. : bow-net. -ti-e- 
«iata, F. : trellis-work, -tie-eio, M. : 
hurdle ; lattice-work. -ti««iudlat, p. : 
small hurdle, -ticola, F. : grate ; grat- 
ing ; gridironf. -ticolarot, TR. : gra- 
ticulate, form a network, -ticolato, 
M. : grating; trellis-work, -ticoletta, 
-ticolina, dim. of -ticola. 

grati£oa-re [L. -ri (-tus, favor)], TR. : 
gratify (favour, oblige) ; benefit ; bestow 
on. -zione, F. : gratification ; gratuity 

gra-tis [L.], adv. : gratis (gratuitously, 
for nothing). -tis=dato, adj. : given 
gratuitously, -titudine [L. -titudo}, F.: 
gratitude (gratefulness) ; grateful and 
gratuitous thingf. -tivof, adj. : gratu- 
itous. Ilgra-to [li. -tus\, adj. : grateful, 
pleasing, welcome ; obliging (kind, affable); 
acceptable (agreeable) ; M.f : will, incli- 
nation ; pleasure : di buon — 1> willingly ; 
a — 1> gratis ; contra — , unwillingly. 

{Srat-ta=bdgiat, F. : scratching ors crap- 


ing brush. -ta=capo, M. : (/am.) trou- 
ble (vexation, care) ; scratching of the 
headf. -tamento, M.: scratching (scrap- 
ing). II -tare [Ger. kratzen], TR. : scratch 
(scrape, grate); grind; tickle (flatter); 

— la tigna a uno, beat one ; — dove piz- 
ziea, dove prude, scratch where it itches ; 
egli avrd da — , he will have enough to 
do ; — il corpo, la pancia, do nothing ; — 
gli orecchi'f, flatter, -tata, F. : scratch- 
ing. -tati««iot, M. : act of scratching. 
-tatina, car. dim. of -tata. -tatnra, 
F. : scratch (scar), -tino, M. : engrav- 
er's tool, -tngetta, -tngina, dim. of 
-tugia. -tagia, F. : grater : esser un 
caciofra due -^, be weak between two dan- 
gers, -tngiare, TR. : grate, -tngi- 
na, dim. o'f -tugia. 

gra-tniref = -tificare. -tnitamen- 
te, adv. : gratuitously, -tuito, -tni- 
to pj. -tuitus], ADJ. : gratuitous (without 
recompense, gratis) ; voluntary, without 

gratn-laret [L. -lari], intr, : congratu- 
late, -latorio, ADJ. : congratulatory. 
-lazionet, F. : congratulation. 

gra-va««io, ADJ. : dull (heavy), -va-e- 
«i61o, ADJ.: somewhat heavy, -vae- 
«i6ne disp. of -ve. -vame, M. : burden; 
taxation, -vamento, u. : grievance, 
oppression; imposition (tax); seizure; 
weight (burden) t ; aggravation (sur- 
charge) f; extortion f. -vante, ADJ.: 
heavy (burdensome), -vanzaf, F.: heavi- 
ness ; anguish (grief), -vare, TR., INTE.: 
press with a weight (load, burden); be 
sorry ; seize in execution ; trouble (aggra- 
vate, vex, wrong)t ; weigh heavyf ; com- 
plaint (moan) : — coll' accento, accentuate. 
-vativof, ADJ. : heavy (grievous), -va- 
zionef, F. : weight (heaviness, gravity). 
Ilgra-ve [L. -vis], ADJ. : grave (serious, 
dangerous); heavy (weighty, ponderous); 
strong (great); slow (dull, idle)t ; ADV.: 
gravely; M.f: gravity (weight): esser 

— ad alcuno, be troublesome to any 
one ; — d' eta or d' anni, old ; capiielH 
troppo -vi, (arch.) capitals with too much 
ornament ; — di suono, deep, low sound ; 

— in famiglia, with a large family ; 
aver a — una cosa, be displeased, take 
a thing amiss ; parlare sul — , speak 
seriously (speak about serious things). 
-vedinef, P. : heaviness or cold in the 
head, -vemente, ADV. : heavily, -ven- 
zaf, p. . torment, anguish (grief), -vet- 
to, dim. of -ve. --rezza, P.: gravity 
(heaviness, weight); impost (toll, tax); 
rigidity, roughness ; injuryf i seriousnessf; 
trouble (vexation)t : recarsi a — , take it 
as an ailront. -vi-e-eiudlof, ADJ.: some' 
what heavy. 


gravi«einbalo [clavicemhalo], m. : old 

gra-vidamento, M., -vidanza, -vi- 
dezzaf, F. : gravityf ; pregnancy ; ful- 
ness. Ilgra - vido [-ve], ADJ. : preg- 
nant ; very full ; laden, -viua, p. : ma- 
son's hammer. -vi=sonantet, ADJ.: loud- 
sounding, -vita, P. : gravity ; austere 
dignity (majesty, graveness). -vitare, 
INTR. : gravitate, weigh., -vitazione, 
F. : gravitation, -vosamente, ADV. : 
heavily (hardly, severely), -vosino, dim. 
of -voso. -voso, ADJ.: heavy (ponderous); 
troublesome (tiresome, fatiguing); severe 
(rigid); grave (momentous). -vu««{o, 
dim. of -ve. 

gra-zia [L. -Ha], F. : GRACE (elegance, 
comeliness ; forgiveness, pardon ; favour ; 
sympathy (love, affection); service, -zio! 
thanks ! thank you : dar — , confer a 
benefit or favour ; salva tua — , with your 
permission ; eolpo di — , death-blow ; far 
— , pardon ; in — vostra, for your love ; 
di — , pray ; trovar — , be pleased ; le 
Grazie, the Graces, -ziabilef, -zia- 
lot, ADJ. : worthy of pardon or favour. 
-zia««ia, disp. of -zia. -ziare, TR. : 
pardon (absolve) ; grant a favour to. 
-ziato, PART. : absolved (acquitted) ; 
ADJ. : graceful, -zietta, car. of -zia. 
-ziolaf, P.: (bot.) water-hyssop, -zio- 
samente, ADV.: graciously, -zioset- 
to, -ziosettino, ADJ. : car. dim. of 
-zioso; pretty, nice, -ziosita, P. : ele- 
gance (gracefulness); gracious act. -zio- 
so, ADJ. : graceful (agreeable, elegant); 
gracious (l^d); gratefulf (pleasing, ac- 

gre-ca [-co], F. : kind of ornament ; wom- 
an's dress, -calc, m. : north-east wind. 
gre-camente, ADV. : in the manner of 
the Greeks, -cheggiare, INTR. = -ciz- 
zare; incline to the 'northeast, -cftetto, 
-cfiino, dim. of -eo. -cismo, M. : gre- 
cism or Greek idiom ; erudition in Greek 
thingsf. -«iBta, M. : Hellenist (one 
learned in Greek). -«ita, p.: Greek; 
knowledge of Greek, -cizzare, TR.: give 
a Greek form to speech; use grecisms. 
Ilgre-co [L. griECUs], ADJ.: Greek, of 
Greece ; m. : north-east wind ; Greek lan- 
guage; Greek wine; place where Gre^k 
wine is drunkt. »■ 

gre-gario [L. -garius], ADJ.: gregarious ; 
low (common) : soldati -gari, common 
soldiers. Hgre-ggo \L. grex], u., -ggia, 
P.: flock (herd, crowd): — harbuto, goats; 
uicir di -ggia, depart from established 

greggio [?], ADJ.: rough (raw, unpolished, 
uneducated, clownish): seta -gia, raw silk. 

greggiuolat, dim. of greggia. 



gregoriano [Pope Gregory], adj. : Gre- 

greiii-bial4ta, -biulata, F. : apronful 
(lapful). -biaie = -hiule. -biata, P. : 
apronful ; small quantity, grem-bio 
(vulg.) = -60. -bijile,